Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Security Technical Implementation Guide

  • Version/Release: V2R7
  • Published: 2023-08-22
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This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DOD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: disa.stig_spt@mail.mil.
c
Users with Administrative privileges must have separate accounts for administrative duties and normal operational tasks.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-224819 - SV-224819r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-224819
  • V-73217
Rule IDs
  • SV-224819r569186_rule
  • SV-87869
Using a privileged account to perform routine functions makes the computer vulnerable to malicious software inadvertently introduced during a session that has been granted full privileges.
Checks: C-26510r465359_chk

Verify each user with administrative privileges has been assigned a unique administrative account separate from their standard user account. If users with administrative privileges do not have separate accounts for administrative functions and standard user functions, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26498r465360_fix

Ensure each user with administrative privileges has a separate account for user duties and one for privileged duties.

b
Passwords for the built-in Administrator account must be changed at least every 60 days.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000199 - V-224820 - SV-224820r857224_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000199
Version
WN16-00-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-224820
  • V-73223
Rule IDs
  • SV-224820r857224_rule
  • SV-87875
The longer a password is in use, the greater the opportunity for someone to gain unauthorized knowledge of the password. The built-in Administrator account is not generally used and its password not may be changed as frequently as necessary. Changing the password for the built-in Administrator account on a regular basis will limit its exposure. It is highly recommended to use Microsoft's Local Administrator Password Solution (LAPS). Domain-joined systems can configure this to occur more frequently. LAPS will change the password every "30" days by default. The AO still has the overall authority to use another equivalent capability to accomplish the check.
Checks: C-26511r857222_chk

Review the password last set date for the built-in Administrator account. Domain controllers: Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-ADUser -Filter * -Properties SID, PasswordLastSet | Where SID -Like "*-500" | Ft Name, SID, PasswordLastSet". If the "PasswordLastSet" date is greater than "60" days old, this is a finding. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Open "Command Prompt". Enter 'Net User [account name] | Find /i "Password Last Set"', where [account name] is the name of the built-in administrator account. (The name of the built-in Administrator account must be changed to something other than "Administrator" per STIG requirements.) If the "PasswordLastSet" date is greater than "60" days old, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26499r857223_fix

Change the built-in Administrator account password at least every "60" days. It is highly recommended to use Microsoft's LAPS, which may be used on domain-joined member servers to accomplish this. The AO still has the overall authority to use another equivalent capability to accomplish the check.

c
Administrative accounts must not be used with applications that access the Internet, such as web browsers, or with potential Internet sources, such as email.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-224821 - SV-224821r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-224821
  • V-73225
Rule IDs
  • SV-224821r569186_rule
  • SV-87877
Using applications that access the Internet or have potential Internet sources using administrative privileges exposes a system to compromise. If a flaw in an application is exploited while running as a privileged user, the entire system could be compromised. Web browsers and email are common attack vectors for introducing malicious code and must not be run with an administrative account. Since administrative accounts may generally change or work around technical restrictions for running a web browser or other applications, it is essential that policy require administrative accounts to not access the Internet or use applications such as email. The policy should define specific exceptions for local service administration. These exceptions may include HTTP(S)-based tools that are used for the administration of the local system, services, or attached devices. Whitelisting can be used to enforce the policy to ensure compliance.
Checks: C-26512r465365_chk

Determine whether organization policy, at a minimum, prohibits administrative accounts from using applications that access the Internet, such as web browsers, or with potential Internet sources, such as email, except as necessary for local service administration. If it does not, this is a finding. The organization may use technical means such as whitelisting to prevent the use of browsers and mail applications to enforce this requirement.

Fix: F-26500r465366_fix

Establish a policy, at minimum, to prohibit administrative accounts from using applications that access the Internet, such as web browsers, or with potential Internet sources, such as email. Ensure the policy is enforced. The organization may use technical means such as whitelisting to prevent the use of browsers and mail applications to enforce this requirement.

b
Members of the Backup Operators group must have separate accounts for backup duties and normal operational tasks.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224822 - SV-224822r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000050
Vuln IDs
  • V-224822
  • V-73227
Rule IDs
  • SV-224822r569186_rule
  • SV-87879
Backup Operators are able to read and write to any file in the system, regardless of the rights assigned to it. Backup and restore rights permit users to circumvent the file access restrictions present on NTFS disk drives for backup and restore purposes. Members of the Backup Operators group must have separate logon accounts for performing backup duties.
Checks: C-26513r465368_chk

If no accounts are members of the Backup Operators group, this is NA. Verify users with accounts in the Backup Operators group have a separate user account for backup functions and for performing normal user tasks. If users with accounts in the Backup Operators group do not have separate accounts for backup functions and standard user functions, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26501r465369_fix

Ensure each member of the Backup Operators group has separate accounts for backup functions and standard user functions.

b
Manually managed application account passwords must be at least 15 characters in length.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000205 - V-224823 - SV-224823r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000205
Version
WN16-00-000060
Vuln IDs
  • V-224823
  • V-73229
Rule IDs
  • SV-224823r569186_rule
  • SV-87881
Application/service account passwords must be of sufficient length to prevent being easily cracked. Application/service accounts that are manually managed must have passwords at least 15 characters in length.
Checks: C-26514r465371_chk

Determine if manually managed application/service accounts exist. If none exist, this is NA. Verify the organization has a policy to ensure passwords for manually managed application/service accounts are at least 15 characters in length. If such a policy does not exist or has not been implemented, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26502r465372_fix

Establish a policy that requires application/service account passwords that are manually managed to be at least 15 characters in length. Ensure the policy is enforced.

b
Manually managed application account passwords must be changed at least annually or when a system administrator with knowledge of the password leaves the organization.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224824 - SV-224824r857226_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000070
Vuln IDs
  • V-224824
  • V-73231
Rule IDs
  • SV-224824r857226_rule
  • SV-87883
Setting application account passwords to expire may cause applications to stop functioning. However, not changing them on a regular basis exposes them to attack. If managed service accounts are used, this alleviates the need to manually change application account passwords.
Checks: C-26515r857225_chk

Determine if manually managed application/service accounts exist. If none exist, this is NA. If passwords for manually managed application/service accounts are not changed at least annually or when an administrator with knowledge of the password leaves the organization, this is a finding. Identify manually managed application/service accounts. To determine the date a password was last changed: Domain controllers: Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-AdUser -Identity [application account name] -Properties PasswordLastSet | FT Name, PasswordLastSet", where [application account name] is the name of the manually managed application/service account. If the "PasswordLastSet" date is more than one year old, this is a finding. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Open "Command Prompt". Enter 'Net User [application account name] | Find /i "Password Last Set"', where [application account name] is the name of the manually managed application/service account. If the "Password Last Set" date is more than one year old, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26503r465375_fix

Change passwords for manually managed application/service accounts at least annually or when an administrator with knowledge of the password leaves the organization. It is recommended that system-managed service accounts be used whenever possible.

b
Shared user accounts must not be permitted on the system.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-000764 - V-224825 - SV-224825r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000764
Version
WN16-00-000080
Vuln IDs
  • V-224825
  • V-73233
Rule IDs
  • SV-224825r569186_rule
  • SV-87885
Shared accounts (accounts where two or more people log on with the same user identification) do not provide adequate identification and authentication. There is no way to provide for nonrepudiation or individual accountability for system access and resource usage.
Checks: C-26516r465377_chk

Determine whether any shared accounts exist. If no shared accounts exist, this is NA. Shared accounts, such as required by an application, may be approved by the organization. This must be documented with the ISSO. Documentation must include the reason for the account, who has access to the account, and how the risk of using the shared account is mitigated to include monitoring account activity. If unapproved shared accounts exist, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26504r465378_fix

Remove unapproved shared accounts from the system. Document required shared accounts with the ISSO. Documentation must include the reason for the account, who has access to the account, and how the risk of using the shared account is mitigated to include monitoring account activity.

b
Windows Server 2016 must employ a deny-all, permit-by-exception policy to allow the execution of authorized software programs.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-001774 - V-224826 - SV-224826r890501_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001774
Version
WN16-00-000090
Vuln IDs
  • V-224826
  • V-73235
Rule IDs
  • SV-224826r890501_rule
  • SV-87887
Using an allowlist provides a configuration management method to allow the execution of only authorized software. Using only authorized software decreases risk by limiting the number of potential vulnerabilities. The organization must identify authorized software programs and only permit execution of authorized software. The process used to identify software programs that are authorized to execute on organizational information systems is commonly referred to as allowlisting.
Checks: C-26517r890499_chk

Verify the operating system employs a deny-all, permit-by-exception policy to allow the execution of authorized software programs. If an application allowlisting program is not in use on the system, this is a finding. Configuration of allowlisting applications will vary by the program. AppLocker is an allowlisting application built into Windows Server. A deny-by-default implementation is initiated by enabling any AppLocker rules within a category, only allowing what is specified by defined rules. If AppLocker is used, perform the following to view the configuration of AppLocker: Open "PowerShell". If the AppLocker PowerShell module has not been imported previously, execute the following first: Import-Module AppLocker Execute the following command, substituting [c:\temp\file.xml] with a location and file name appropriate for the system: Get-AppLockerPolicy -Effective -XML > c:\temp\file.xml This will produce an xml file with the effective settings that can be viewed in a browser or opened in a program such as Excel for review. Implementation guidance for AppLocker is available at the following link: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/security/threat-protection/windows-defender-application-control/applocker/applocker-policies-deployment-guide

Fix: F-26505r890500_fix

Configure an application allowlisting program to employ a deny-all, permit-by-exception policy to allow the execution of authorized software programs. Configuration of allowlisting applications will vary by the program. AppLocker is an allowlisting application built into Windows Server. If AppLocker is used, it is configured through group policy in Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Application Control Policies >> AppLocker. Implementation guidance for AppLocker is available at the following link: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/security/threat-protection/windows-defender-application-control/applocker/applocker-policies-deployment-guide

b
Windows Server 2016 domain-joined systems must have a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) enabled and ready for use.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224827 - SV-224827r902425_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000100
Vuln IDs
  • V-224827
  • V-73237
Rule IDs
  • SV-224827r902425_rule
  • SV-87889
Credential Guard uses virtualization-based security to protect data that could be used in credential theft attacks if compromised. A number of system requirements must be met for Credential Guard to be configured and enabled properly. Without a TPM enabled and ready for use, Credential Guard keys are stored in a less secure method using software.
Checks: C-26518r902424_chk

For standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. Verify the system has a TPM and it is ready for use. Run "tpm.msc". Review the sections in the center pane. "Status" must indicate it has been configured with a message such as "The TPM is ready for use" or "The TPM is on and ownership has been taken". TPM Manufacturer Information - Specific Version = 2.0 or 1.2 If a TPM is not found or is not ready for use, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26506r465384_fix

Ensure domain-joined systems have a TPM that is configured for use. (Versions 2.0 or 1.2 support Credential Guard.) The TPM must be enabled in the firmware. Run "tpm.msc" for configuration options in Windows.

c
Systems must be maintained at a supported servicing level.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-224828 - SV-224828r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000110
Vuln IDs
  • V-224828
  • V-73239
Rule IDs
  • SV-224828r569186_rule
  • SV-87891
Systems at unsupported servicing levels will not receive security updates for new vulnerabilities, which leave them subject to exploitation. Systems must be maintained at a servicing level supported by the vendor with new security updates.
Checks: C-26519r465386_chk

Open "Command Prompt". Enter "winver.exe". If the "About Windows" dialog box does not display "Microsoft Windows Server Version 1607 (Build 14393.xxx)" or greater, this is a finding. Preview versions must not be used in a production environment.

Fix: F-26507r465387_fix

Update the system to a Version 1607 (Build 14393.xxx) or greater.

c
The Windows Server 2016 system must use an anti-virus program.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-224829 - SV-224829r569237_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000120
Vuln IDs
  • V-224829
  • V-73241
Rule IDs
  • SV-224829r569237_rule
  • SV-87893
Malicious software can establish a base on individual desktops and servers. Employing an automated mechanism to detect this type of software will aid in elimination of the software from the operating system.
Checks: C-26520r603246_chk

Verify an anti-virus solution is installed on the system. The anti-virus solution may be bundled with an approved host-based security solution. If there is no anti-virus solution installed on the system, this is a finding. Verify if Windows Defender is in use or enabled: Open "PowerShell". Enter "get-service | where {$_.DisplayName -Like "*Defender*"} | Select Status,DisplayName” Verify if third-party anti-virus is in use or enabled: Open "PowerShell". Enter "get-service | where {$_.DisplayName -Like "*mcafee*"} | Select Status,DisplayName” Enter "get-service | where {$_.DisplayName -Like "*symantec*"} | Select Status,DisplayName”

Fix: F-26508r603245_fix

If no anti-virus software is in use, install Windows Defender or third-party anti-virus. Open "PowerShell". Enter "Install-WindowsFeature -Name Windows-Defender” For third-party anti-virus, install per anti-virus instructions and disable Windows Defender. Open "PowerShell". Enter “Uninstall-WindowsFeature -Name Windows-Defender”.

b
Servers must have a host-based intrusion detection or prevention system.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224830 - SV-224830r793223_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000140
Vuln IDs
  • V-224830
  • V-73245
Rule IDs
  • SV-224830r793223_rule
  • SV-87897
A properly configured Host-based Intrusion Detection System (HIDS) or Host-based Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS) provides another level of defense against unauthorized access to critical servers. With proper configuration and logging enabled, such a system can stop and/or alert for many attempts to gain unauthorized access to resources.
Checks: C-26521r793222_chk

Determine whether there is a HIDS or HIPS on each server. If the HIPS component of ESS is installed and active on the host and the alerts of blocked activity are being logged and monitored, this meets the requirement. A HIDS device is not required on a system that has the role as the Network Intrusion Device (NID). However, this exception needs to be documented with the ISSO. If a HIDS is not installed on the system, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26509r465393_fix

Install a HIDS or HIPS on each server.

c
Local volumes must use a format that supports NTFS attributes.
AC-3 - High - CCI-000213 - V-224831 - SV-224831r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-00-000150
Vuln IDs
  • V-224831
  • V-73247
Rule IDs
  • SV-224831r569186_rule
  • SV-87899
The ability to set access permissions and auditing is critical to maintaining the security and proper access controls of a system. To support this, volumes must be formatted using a file system that supports NTFS attributes.
Checks: C-26522r465395_chk

Open "Computer Management". Select "Disk Management" under "Storage". For each local volume, if the file system does not indicate "NTFS", this is a finding. "ReFS" (resilient file system) is also acceptable and would not be a finding. This does not apply to system partitions such the Recovery and EFI System Partition.

Fix: F-26510r465396_fix

Format volumes to use NTFS or ReFS.

b
Permissions for the system drive root directory (usually C:\) must conform to minimum requirements.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-002165 - V-224832 - SV-224832r852289_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002165
Version
WN16-00-000160
Vuln IDs
  • V-224832
  • V-73249
Rule IDs
  • SV-224832r852289_rule
  • SV-87901
Changing the system's file and directory permissions allows the possibility of unauthorized and anonymous modification to the operating system and installed applications. The default permissions are adequate when the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" is set to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Satisfies: SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00122, SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00123, SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00124
Checks: C-26523r465398_chk

The default permissions are adequate when the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" is set to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Review the permissions for the system drive's root directory (usually C:\). Non-privileged groups such as Users or Authenticated Users must not have greater than "Read & execute" permissions except where noted as defaults. (Individual accounts must not be used to assign permissions.) If permissions are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Viewing in File Explorer: View the Properties of the system drive's root directory. Select the "Security" tab, and the "Advanced" button. Default permissions: C:\ Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to SYSTEM - Full control - This folder, subfolders, and files Administrators - Full control - This folder, subfolders, and files Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files Users - Create folders/append data - This folder and subfolders Users - Create files/write data - Subfolders only CREATOR OWNER - Full Control - Subfolders and files only Alternately, use icacls: Open "Command Prompt (Admin)". Enter "icacls" followed by the directory: "icacls c:\" The following results should be displayed: c:\ NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(OI)(CI)(F) BUILTIN\Administrators:(OI)(CI)(F) BUILTIN\Users:(OI)(CI)(RX) BUILTIN\Users:(CI)(AD) BUILTIN\Users:(CI)(IO)(WD) CREATOR OWNER:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) Successfully processed 1 files; Failed processing 0 files

Fix: F-26511r465399_fix

Maintain the default permissions for the system drive's root directory and configure the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Default Permissions C:\ Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to SYSTEM - Full control - This folder, subfolders, and files Administrators - Full control - This folder, subfolders, and files Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files Users - Create folders/append data - This folder and subfolders Users - Create files/write data - Subfolders only CREATOR OWNER - Full Control - Subfolders and files only

b
Permissions for program file directories must conform to minimum requirements.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-002165 - V-224833 - SV-224833r852290_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002165
Version
WN16-00-000170
Vuln IDs
  • V-224833
  • V-73251
Rule IDs
  • SV-224833r852290_rule
  • SV-87903
Changing the system's file and directory permissions allows the possibility of unauthorized and anonymous modification to the operating system and installed applications. The default permissions are adequate when the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" is set to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Satisfies: SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00122, SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00123, SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00124
Checks: C-26524r465401_chk

The default permissions are adequate when the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" is set to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Review the permissions for the program file directories (Program Files and Program Files [x86]). Non-privileged groups such as Users or Authenticated Users must not have greater than "Read & execute" permissions. (Individual accounts must not be used to assign permissions.) If permissions are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Viewing in File Explorer: For each folder, view the Properties. Select the "Security" tab, and the "Advanced" button. Default permissions: \Program Files and \Program Files (x86) Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to TrustedInstaller - Full control - This folder and subfolders SYSTEM - Modify - This folder only SYSTEM - Full control - Subfolders and files only Administrators - Modify - This folder only Administrators - Full control - Subfolders and files only Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders and files CREATOR OWNER - Full control - Subfolders and files only ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files Alternately, use icacls: Open a Command prompt (admin). Enter "icacls" followed by the directory: 'icacls "c:\program files"' 'icacls "c:\program files (x86)"' The following results should be displayed for each when entered: c:\program files (c:\program files (x86)) NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller:(F) NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller:(CI)(IO)(F) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(M) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTIN\Administrators:(M) BUILTIN\Administrators:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTIN\Users:(RX) BUILTIN\Users:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) CREATOR OWNER:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES:(RX) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES:(RX) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) Successfully processed 1 files; Failed processing 0 files

Fix: F-26512r465402_fix

Maintain the default permissions for the program file directories and configure the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Default permissions: \Program Files and \Program Files (x86) Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to TrustedInstaller - Full control - This folder and subfolders SYSTEM - Modify - This folder only SYSTEM - Full control - Subfolders and files only Administrators - Modify - This folder only Administrators - Full control - Subfolders and files only Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files CREATOR OWNER - Full control - Subfolders and files only ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files

b
Permissions for the Windows installation directory must conform to minimum requirements.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-002165 - V-224834 - SV-224834r852291_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002165
Version
WN16-00-000180
Vuln IDs
  • V-224834
  • V-73253
Rule IDs
  • SV-224834r852291_rule
  • SV-87905
Changing the system's file and directory permissions allows the possibility of unauthorized and anonymous modification to the operating system and installed applications. The default permissions are adequate when the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" is set to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Satisfies: SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00122, SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00123, SRG-OS-000312-GPOS-00124
Checks: C-26525r465404_chk

The default permissions are adequate when the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" is set to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Review the permissions for the Windows installation directory (usually C:\Windows). Non-privileged groups such as Users or Authenticated Users must not have greater than "Read & execute" permissions. (Individual accounts must not be used to assign permissions.) If permissions are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Viewing in File Explorer: For each folder, view the Properties. Select the "Security" tab and the "Advanced" button. Default permissions: \Windows Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to TrustedInstaller - Full control - This folder and subfolders SYSTEM - Modify - This folder only SYSTEM - Full control - Subfolders and files only Administrators - Modify - This folder only Administrators - Full control - Subfolders and files only Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files CREATOR OWNER - Full control - Subfolders and files only ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files Alternately, use icacls: Open a Command prompt (admin). Enter "icacls" followed by the directory: "icacls c:\windows" The following results should be displayed for each when entered: c:\windows NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller:(F) NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller:(CI)(IO)(F) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(M) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTIN\Administrators:(M) BUILTIN\Administrators:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTIN\Users:(RX) BUILTIN\Users:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) CREATOR OWNER:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES:(RX) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES:(RX) APPLICATION PACKAGE AUTHORITY\ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) Successfully processed 1 files; Failed processing 0 files

Fix: F-26513r465405_fix

Maintain the default file ACLs and configure the Security Option "Network access: Let everyone permissions apply to anonymous users" to "Disabled" (WN16-SO-000290). Default permissions: Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to TrustedInstaller - Full control - This folder and subfolders SYSTEM - Modify - This folder only SYSTEM - Full control - Subfolders and files only Administrators - Modify - This folder only Administrators - Full control - Subfolders and files only Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files CREATOR OWNER - Full control - Subfolders and files only ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & execute - This folder, subfolders, and files

b
Default permissions for the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE registry hive must be maintained.
AC-6 - Medium - CCI-002235 - V-224835 - SV-224835r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-00-000190
Vuln IDs
  • V-224835
  • V-73255
Rule IDs
  • SV-224835r877392_rule
  • SV-87907
The registry is integral to the function, security, and stability of the Windows system. Changing the system's registry permissions allows the possibility of unauthorized and anonymous modification to the operating system.
Checks: C-26526r852292_chk

Review the registry permissions for the keys of the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE hive noted below. If any non-privileged groups such as Everyone, Users, or Authenticated Users have greater than Read permission, this is a finding. If permissions are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Run "Regedit". Right-click on the registry areas noted below. Select "Permissions..." and the "Advanced" button. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SECURITY Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to SYSTEM - Full Control - This key and subkeys Administrators - Special - This key and subkeys HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to Users - Read - This key and subkeys Administrators - Full Control - This key and subkeys SYSTEM - Full Control - This key and subkeys CREATOR OWNER - Full Control - This key and subkeys ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read - This key and subkeys HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to Users - Read - This key and subkeys Administrators - Full Control - This key and subkeys SYSTEM - Full Control - This key and subkeys CREATOR OWNER - Full Control - Subkeys only ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read - This key and subkeys Server Operators – Read – This Key and subkeys (Domain controllers only) Other examples under the noted keys may also be sampled. There may be some instances where non-privileged groups have greater than Read permission. If the defaults have not been changed, these are not a finding.

Fix: F-26514r852293_fix

Maintain the default permissions for the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE registry hive. The default permissions of the higher-level keys are noted below. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SECURITY Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to SYSTEM - Full Control - This key and subkeys Administrators - Special - This key and subkeys HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to Users - Read - This key and subkeys Administrators - Full Control - This key and subkeys SYSTEM - Full Control - This key and subkeys CREATOR OWNER - Full Control - This key and subkeys ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read - This key and subkeys HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to Users - Read - This key and subkeys Administrators - Full Control - This key and subkeys SYSTEM - Full Control - This key and subkeys CREATOR OWNER - Full Control - Subkeys only ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read - This key and subkeys Server Operators – Read – This Key and subkeys (Domain controllers only)

a
Non-administrative accounts or groups must only have print permissions on printer shares.
AC-3 - Low - CCI-000213 - V-224836 - SV-224836r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-00-000200
Vuln IDs
  • V-224836
  • V-73257
Rule IDs
  • SV-224836r569186_rule
  • SV-87909
Windows shares are a means by which files, folders, printers, and other resources can be published for network users to access. Improper configuration can permit access to devices and data beyond a user's need.
Checks: C-26527r465410_chk

Open "Devices and Printers". If there are no printers configured, this is NA. (Exclude Microsoft Print to PDF and Microsoft XPS Document Writer, which do not support sharing.) For each printer: Right-click on the printer. Select "Printer Properties". Select the "Sharing" tab. If "Share this printer" is checked, select the "Security" tab. If any standard user accounts or groups have permissions other than "Print", this is a finding. The default is for the "Everyone" group to be given "Print" permission. "All APPLICATION PACKAGES" and "CREATOR OWNER" are not standard user accounts.

Fix: F-26515r465411_fix

Configure the permissions on shared printers to restrict standard users to only have Print permissions.

b
Outdated or unused accounts must be removed from the system or disabled.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-000764 - V-224837 - SV-224837r857230_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000764
Version
WN16-00-000210
Vuln IDs
  • V-224837
  • V-73259
Rule IDs
  • SV-224837r857230_rule
  • SV-87911
Outdated or unused accounts provide penetration points that may go undetected. Inactive accounts must be deleted if no longer necessary or, if still required, disabled until needed. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000104-GPOS-00051, SRG-OS-000118-GPOS-00060
Checks: C-26528r857229_chk

Open "Windows PowerShell". Domain Controllers: Enter "Search-ADAccount -AccountInactive -UsersOnly -TimeSpan 35.00:00:00" This will return accounts that have not been logged on to for 35 days, along with various attributes such as the Enabled status and LastLogonDate. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Copy or enter the lines below to the PowerShell window and enter. (Entering twice may be required. Do not include the quotes at the beginning and end of the query.) "([ADSI]('WinNT://{0}' -f $env:COMPUTERNAME)).Children | Where { $_.SchemaClassName -eq 'user' } | ForEach { $user = ([ADSI]$_.Path) $lastLogin = $user.Properties.LastLogin.Value $enabled = ($user.Properties.UserFlags.Value -band 0x2) -ne 0x2 if ($lastLogin -eq $null) { $lastLogin = 'Never' } Write-Host $user.Name $lastLogin $enabled }" This will return a list of local accounts with the account name, last logon, and if the account is enabled (True/False). For example: User1 10/31/2015 5:49:56 AM True Review the list of accounts returned by the above queries to determine the finding validity for each account reported. Exclude the following accounts: - Built-in administrator account (Renamed, SID ending in 500) - Built-in guest account (Renamed, Disabled, SID ending in 501) - Built-in default account (Renamed, Disabled, SID ending in 503) - Application accounts If any enabled accounts have not been logged on to within the past 35 days, this is a finding. Inactive accounts that have been reviewed and deemed to be required must be documented with the ISSO.

Fix: F-26516r465414_fix

Regularly review accounts to determine if they are still active. Remove or disable accounts that have not been used in the last 35 days.

b
Windows Server 2016 accounts must require passwords.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-000764 - V-224838 - SV-224838r857232_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000764
Version
WN16-00-000220
Vuln IDs
  • V-224838
  • V-73261
Rule IDs
  • SV-224838r857232_rule
  • SV-87913
The lack of password protection enables anyone to gain access to the information system, which opens a backdoor opportunity for intruders to compromise the system as well as other resources. Accounts on a system must require passwords.
Checks: C-26529r857231_chk

Review the password required status for enabled user accounts. Open "PowerShell". Domain Controllers: Enter "Get-Aduser -Filter * -Properties Passwordnotrequired |FT Name, Passwordnotrequired, Enabled". Exclude disabled accounts (e.g., DefaultAccount, Guest) and Trusted Domain Objects (TDOs). If "Passwordnotrequired" is "True" or blank for any enabled user account, this is a finding. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Enter 'Get-CimInstance -Class Win32_Useraccount -Filter "PasswordRequired=False and LocalAccount=True" | FT Name, PasswordRequired, Disabled, LocalAccount'. Exclude disabled accounts (e.g., DefaultAccount, Guest). If any enabled user accounts are returned with a "PasswordRequired" status of "False", this is a finding.

Fix: F-26517r819692_fix

Configure all enabled user accounts to require passwords. The password required flag can be set by entering the following on a command line: "Net user [username] /passwordreq:yes", substituting [username] with the name of the user account.

b
Passwords must be configured to expire.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000199 - V-224839 - SV-224839r857235_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000199
Version
WN16-00-000230
Vuln IDs
  • V-224839
  • V-73263
Rule IDs
  • SV-224839r857235_rule
  • SV-87915
Passwords that do not expire or are reused increase the exposure of a password with greater probability of being discovered or cracked.
Checks: C-26530r857233_chk

Review the password never expires status for enabled user accounts. Open "PowerShell". Domain Controllers: Enter "Search-ADAccount -PasswordNeverExpires -UsersOnly | FT Name, PasswordNeverExpires, Enabled". Exclude application accounts, disabled accounts (e.g., DefaultAccount, Guest), and the krbtgt account. If any enabled user accounts are returned with a "PasswordNeverExpires" status of "True", this is a finding. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Enter 'Get-CimInstance -Class Win32_Useraccount -Filter "PasswordExpires=False and LocalAccount=True" | FT Name, PasswordExpires, Disabled, LocalAccount'. Exclude application accounts and disabled accounts (e.g., DefaultAccount, Guest). If any enabled user accounts are returned with a "PasswordExpires" status of "False", this is a finding.

Fix: F-26518r857234_fix

Configure all enabled user account passwords to expire. Uncheck "Password never expires" for all enabled user accounts in Active Directory Users and Computers for domain accounts and Users in Computer Management for member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems. Document any exceptions with the ISSO.

b
System files must be monitored for unauthorized changes.
CM-3 - Medium - CCI-001744 - V-224840 - SV-224840r891691_rule
RMF Control
CM-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001744
Version
WN16-00-000240
Vuln IDs
  • V-224840
  • V-73265
Rule IDs
  • SV-224840r891691_rule
  • SV-87917
Monitoring system files for changes against a baseline on a regular basis may help detect the possible introduction of malicious code on a system.
Checks: C-26531r891691_chk

Determine if the system is monitored for unauthorized changes to system files (e.g., *.exe, *.bat, *.com, *.cmd, and *.dll) against a baseline on a weekly basis. If system files are not being monitored for unauthorized changes, this is a finding. An approved and properly configured solution will contain both a list of baselines that includes all system file locations and a file comparison task that is scheduled to run at least weekly.

Fix: F-26519r465423_fix

Monitor the system for unauthorized changes to system files (e.g., *.exe, *.bat, *.com, *.cmd, and *.dll) against a baseline on a weekly basis. This can be done with the use of various monitoring tools.

b
Non-system-created file shares on a system must limit access to groups that require it.
SC-4 - Medium - CCI-001090 - V-224841 - SV-224841r569186_rule
RMF Control
SC-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001090
Version
WN16-00-000250
Vuln IDs
  • V-224841
  • V-73267
Rule IDs
  • SV-224841r569186_rule
  • SV-87919
Shares on a system provide network access. To prevent exposing sensitive information, where shares are necessary, permissions must be reconfigured to give the minimum access to accounts that require it.
Checks: C-26532r465425_chk

If only system-created shares such as "ADMIN$", "C$", and "IPC$" exist on the system, this is NA. (System-created shares will display a message that it has been shared for administrative purposes when "Properties" is selected.) Run "Computer Management". Navigate to System Tools >> Shared Folders >> Shares. Right-click any non-system-created shares. Select "Properties". Select the "Share Permissions" tab. If the file shares have not been configured to restrict permissions to the specific groups or accounts that require access, this is a finding. Select the "Security" tab. If the permissions have not been configured to restrict permissions to the specific groups or accounts that require access, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26520r465426_fix

If a non-system-created share is required on a system, configure the share and NTFS permissions to limit access to the specific groups or accounts that require it. Remove any unnecessary non-system-created shares.

b
Software certificate installation files must be removed from Windows Server 2016.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224842 - SV-224842r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000270
Vuln IDs
  • V-224842
  • V-73271
Rule IDs
  • SV-224842r569186_rule
  • SV-87923
Use of software certificates and their accompanying installation files for end users to access resources is less secure than the use of hardware-based certificates.
Checks: C-26533r465428_chk

Search all drives for *.p12 and *.pfx files. If any files with these extensions exist, this is a finding. This does not apply to server-based applications that have a requirement for .p12 certificate files or Adobe PreFlight certificate files. Some applications create files with extensions of .p12 that are not certificate installation files. Removal of non-certificate installation files from systems is not required. These must be documented with the ISSO.

Fix: F-26521r465429_fix

Remove any certificate installation files (*.p12 and *.pfx) found on a system. Note: This does not apply to server-based applications that have a requirement for .p12 certificate files or Adobe PreFlight certificate files.

b
Systems requiring data at rest protections must employ cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized disclosure and modification of the information at rest.
SC-28 - Medium - CCI-001199 - V-224843 - SV-224843r852297_rule
RMF Control
SC-28
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001199
Version
WN16-00-000280
Vuln IDs
  • V-224843
  • V-73273
Rule IDs
  • SV-224843r852297_rule
  • SV-87925
This requirement addresses protection of user-generated data as well as operating system-specific configuration data. Organizations may choose to employ different mechanisms to achieve confidentiality and integrity protections, as appropriate, in accordance with the security category and/or classification of the information. Selection of a cryptographic mechanism is based on the need to protect the integrity of organizational information. The strength of the mechanism is commensurate with the security category and/or classification of the information. Organizations have the flexibility to either encrypt all information on storage devices (i.e., full disk encryption) or encrypt specific data structures (e.g., files, records, or fields). Satisfies: SRG-OS-000185-GPOS-00079, SRG-OS-000404-GPOS-00183, SRG-OS-000405-GPOS-00184
Checks: C-26534r465431_chk

Verify systems that require additional protections due to factors such as inadequate physical protection or sensitivity of the data employ encryption to protect the confidentiality and integrity of all information at rest. If they do not, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26522r465432_fix

Configure systems that require additional protections due to factors such as inadequate physical protection or sensitivity of the data to employ encryption to protect the confidentiality and integrity of all information at rest.

b
Protection methods such as TLS, encrypted VPNs, or IPsec must be implemented if the data owner has a strict requirement for ensuring data integrity and confidentiality is maintained at every step of the data transfer and handling process.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002420 - V-224844 - SV-224844r852298_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002420
Version
WN16-00-000290
Vuln IDs
  • V-224844
  • V-73275
Rule IDs
  • SV-224844r852298_rule
  • SV-87927
Information can be either unintentionally or maliciously disclosed or modified during preparation for transmission, for example, during aggregation, at protocol transformation points, and during packing/unpacking. These unauthorized disclosures or modifications compromise the confidentiality or integrity of the information. Ensuring the confidentiality of transmitted information requires the operating system to take measures in preparing information for transmission. This can be accomplished via access control and encryption. Use of this requirement will be limited to situations where the data owner has a strict requirement for ensuring data integrity and confidentiality is maintained at every step of the data transfer and handling process. When transmitting data, operating systems need to support transmission protection mechanisms such as TLS, encrypted VPNs, or IPsec. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000425-GPOS-00189, SRG-OS-000426-GPOS-00190
Checks: C-26535r465434_chk

If the data owner has a strict requirement for ensuring data integrity and confidentiality is maintained at every step of the data transfer and handling process, verify protection methods such as TLS, encrypted VPNs, or IPsec have been implemented. If protection methods have not been implemented, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26523r465435_fix

Configure protection methods such as TLS, encrypted VPNs, or IPsec when the data owner has a strict requirement for ensuring data integrity and confidentiality is maintained at every step of the data transfer and handling process.

b
The roles and features required by the system must be documented.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224845 - SV-224845r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000300
Vuln IDs
  • V-224845
  • V-73277
Rule IDs
  • SV-224845r569186_rule
  • SV-87929
Unnecessary roles and features increase the attack surface of a system. Limiting roles and features of a system to only those necessary reduces this potential. The standard installation option (previously called Server Core) further reduces this when selected at installation.
Checks: C-26536r465437_chk

Required roles and features will vary based on the function of the individual system. Roles and features specifically required to be disabled per the STIG are identified in separate requirements. If the organization has not documented the roles and features required for the system(s), this is a finding. The PowerShell command "Get-WindowsFeature" will list all roles and features with an "Install State".

Fix: F-26524r465438_fix

Document the roles and features required for the system to operate. Uninstall any that are not required.

b
A host-based firewall must be installed and enabled on the system.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224846 - SV-224846r852299_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000310
Vuln IDs
  • V-224846
  • V-73279
Rule IDs
  • SV-224846r852299_rule
  • SV-87931
A firewall provides a line of defense against attack, allowing or blocking inbound and outbound connections based on a set of rules.
Checks: C-26537r465440_chk

Determine if a host-based firewall is installed and enabled on the system. If a host-based firewall is not installed and enabled on the system, this is a finding. The configuration requirements will be determined by the applicable firewall STIG.

Fix: F-26525r465441_fix

Install and enable a host-based firewall on the system.

b
Windows Server 2016 must employ automated mechanisms to determine the state of system components with regard to flaw remediation using the following frequency: continuously, where Endpoint Security Solution (ESS) is used; 30 days, for any additional internal network scans not covered by ESS; and annually, for external scans by Computer Network Defense Service Provider (CNDSP).
SI-2 - Medium - CCI-001233 - V-224847 - SV-224847r793221_rule
RMF Control
SI-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001233
Version
WN16-00-000320
Vuln IDs
  • V-224847
  • V-73281
Rule IDs
  • SV-224847r793221_rule
  • SV-87933
Without the use of automated mechanisms to scan for security flaws on a continuous and/or periodic basis, the operating system or other system components may remain vulnerable to the exploits presented by undetected software flaws. The operating system may have an integrated solution incorporating continuous scanning using ESS and periodic scanning using other tools.
Checks: C-26538r641891_chk

Verify DoD-approved ESS software is installed and properly operating. Ask the site ISSM for documentation of the ESS software installation and configuration. If the ISSM is not able to provide a documented configuration for an installed ESS or if the ESS software is not properly maintained or used, this is a finding. Note: Example of documentation can be a copy of the site's CCB approved Software Baseline with version of software noted or a memo from the ISSM stating current ESS software and version.

Fix: F-26526r641892_fix

Install a DoD-approved ESS software and ensure it is operating continuously.

b
Windows Server 2016 must automatically remove or disable temporary user accounts after 72 hours.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000016 - V-224848 - SV-224848r857240_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000016
Version
WN16-00-000330
Vuln IDs
  • V-224848
  • V-73283
Rule IDs
  • SV-224848r857240_rule
  • SV-87935
If temporary user accounts remain active when no longer needed or for an excessive period, these accounts may be used to gain unauthorized access. To mitigate this risk, automated termination of all temporary accounts must be set upon account creation. Temporary accounts are established as part of normal account activation procedures when there is a need for short-term accounts without the demand for immediacy in account activation. If temporary accounts are used, the operating system must be configured to automatically terminate these types of accounts after a DoD-defined time period of 72 hours. To address access requirements, many operating systems may be integrated with enterprise-level authentication/access mechanisms that meet or exceed access control policy requirements.
Checks: C-26539r857238_chk

Review temporary user accounts for expiration dates. Determine if temporary user accounts are used and identify any that exist. If none exist, this is NA. Domain Controllers: Open "PowerShell". Enter "Search-ADAccount -AccountExpiring | FT Name, AccountExpirationDate". If "AccountExpirationDate" has not been defined within 72 hours for any temporary user account, this is a finding. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Open "Command Prompt". Run "Net user [username]", where [username] is the name of the temporary user account. If "Account expires" has not been defined within 72 hours for any temporary user account, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26527r857239_fix

Configure temporary user accounts to automatically expire within 72 hours. Domain accounts can be configured with an account expiration date under "Account" properties. Local accounts can be configured to expire with the command "Net user [username] /expires:[mm/dd/yyyy]", where username is the name of the temporary user account. Delete any temporary user accounts that are no longer necessary.

b
Windows Server 2016 must automatically remove or disable emergency accounts after the crisis is resolved or within 72 hours.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-001682 - V-224849 - SV-224849r857243_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001682
Version
WN16-00-000340
Vuln IDs
  • V-224849
  • V-73285
Rule IDs
  • SV-224849r857243_rule
  • SV-87937
Emergency administrator accounts are privileged accounts established in response to crisis situations where the need for rapid account activation is required. Therefore, emergency account activation may bypass normal account authorization processes. If these accounts are automatically disabled, system maintenance during emergencies may not be possible, thus adversely affecting system availability. Emergency administrator accounts are different from infrequently used accounts (i.e., local logon accounts used by system administrators when network or normal logon/access is not available). Infrequently used accounts are not subject to automatic termination dates. Emergency accounts are accounts created in response to crisis situations, usually for use by maintenance personnel. The automatic expiration or disabling time period may be extended as needed until the crisis is resolved; however, it must not be extended indefinitely. A permanent account should be established for privileged users who need long-term maintenance accounts. To address access requirements, many operating systems can be integrated with enterprise-level authentication/access mechanisms that meet or exceed access control policy requirements.
Checks: C-26540r857241_chk

Determine if emergency administrator accounts are used and identify any that exist. If none exist, this is NA. If emergency administrator accounts cannot be configured with an expiration date due to an ongoing crisis, the accounts must be disabled or removed when the crisis is resolved. If emergency administrator accounts have not been configured with an expiration date or have not been disabled or removed following the resolution of a crisis, this is a finding. Domain Controllers: Open "PowerShell". Enter "Search-ADAccount –AccountExpiring | FT Name, AccountExpirationDate". If "AccountExpirationDate" has been defined and is not within 72 hours for an emergency administrator account, this is a finding. Member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems: Open "Command Prompt". Run "Net user [username]", where [username] is the name of the emergency account. If "Account expires" has been defined and is not within 72 hours for an emergency administrator account, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26528r857242_fix

Remove emergency administrator accounts after a crisis has been resolved or configure the accounts to automatically expire within 72 hours. Domain accounts can be configured with an account expiration date under "Account" properties. Local accounts can be configured to expire with the command "Net user [username] /expires:[mm/dd/yyyy]", where username is the name of the temporary user account.

b
The Fax Server role must not be installed.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224850 - SV-224850r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000350
Vuln IDs
  • V-224850
  • V-73287
Rule IDs
  • SV-224850r569186_rule
  • SV-87939
Unnecessary services increase the attack surface of a system. Some of these services may not support required levels of authentication or encryption or may provide unauthorized access to the system.
Checks: C-26541r465452_chk

Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq Fax". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26529r465453_fix

Uninstall the "Fax Server" role. Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the role. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "Fax Server" on the "Roles" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
The Microsoft FTP service must not be installed unless required.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000382 - V-224851 - SV-224851r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000382
Version
WN16-00-000360
Vuln IDs
  • V-224851
  • V-73289
Rule IDs
  • SV-224851r569186_rule
  • SV-87941
Unnecessary services increase the attack surface of a system. Some of these services may not support required levels of authentication or encryption.
Checks: C-26542r465455_chk

If the server has the role of an FTP server, this is NA. Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq Web-Ftp-Service". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding. If the system has the role of an FTP server, this must be documented with the ISSO.

Fix: F-26530r465456_fix

Uninstall the "FTP Server" role. Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the role. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "FTP Server" under "Web Server (IIS)" on the "Roles" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
The Peer Name Resolution Protocol must not be installed.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224852 - SV-224852r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000370
Vuln IDs
  • V-224852
  • V-73291
Rule IDs
  • SV-224852r569186_rule
  • SV-87943
Unnecessary services increase the attack surface of a system. Some of these services may not support required levels of authentication or encryption or may provide unauthorized access to the system.
Checks: C-26543r465458_chk

Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq PNRP". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26531r465459_fix

Uninstall the "Peer Name Resolution Protocol" feature. Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the feature. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "Peer Name Resolution Protocol" on the "Features" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
Simple TCP/IP Services must not be installed.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224853 - SV-224853r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000380
Vuln IDs
  • V-224853
  • V-73293
Rule IDs
  • SV-224853r569186_rule
  • SV-87945
Unnecessary services increase the attack surface of a system. Some of these services may not support required levels of authentication or encryption or may provide unauthorized access to the system.
Checks: C-26544r465461_chk

Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq Simple-TCPIP". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26532r465462_fix

Uninstall the "Simple TCP/IP Services" feature. Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the feature. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "Simple TCP/IP Services" on the "Features" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
The Telnet Client must not be installed.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000382 - V-224854 - SV-224854r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000382
Version
WN16-00-000390
Vuln IDs
  • V-224854
  • V-73295
Rule IDs
  • SV-224854r569186_rule
  • SV-87947
Unnecessary services increase the attack surface of a system. Some of these services may not support required levels of authentication or encryption or may provide unauthorized access to the system.
Checks: C-26545r465464_chk

Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq Telnet-Client". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26533r465465_fix

Uninstall the "Telnet Client" feature. Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the feature. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "Telnet Client" on the "Features" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
The TFTP Client must not be installed.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224855 - SV-224855r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000400
Vuln IDs
  • V-224855
  • V-73297
Rule IDs
  • SV-224855r569186_rule
  • SV-87949
Unnecessary services increase the attack surface of a system. Some of these services may not support required levels of authentication or encryption or may provide unauthorized access to the system.
Checks: C-26546r465467_chk

Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq TFTP-Client". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26534r465468_fix

Uninstall the "TFTP Client" feature. Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the feature. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "TFTP Client" on the "Features" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
The Server Message Block (SMB) v1 protocol must be uninstalled.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224856 - SV-224856r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000410
Vuln IDs
  • V-224856
  • V-73299
Rule IDs
  • SV-224856r569186_rule
  • SV-87951
SMBv1 is a legacy protocol that uses the MD5 algorithm as part of SMB. MD5 is known to be vulnerable to a number of attacks such as collision and preimage attacks and is not FIPS compliant.
Checks: C-26547r465470_chk

Different methods are available to disable SMBv1 on Windows 2016. This is the preferred method, however if V-78123 and V-78125 are configured, this is NA. Open "Windows PowerShell" with elevated privileges (run as administrator). Enter "Get-WindowsFeature -Name FS-SMB1". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26535r465471_fix

Uninstall the SMBv1 protocol. Open "Windows PowerShell" with elevated privileges (run as administrator). Enter "Uninstall-WindowsFeature -Name FS-SMB1 -Restart". (Omit the Restart parameter if an immediate restart of the system cannot be done.) Alternately: Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the feature. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support" on the "Features" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
The Server Message Block (SMB) v1 protocol must be disabled on the SMB server.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224857 - SV-224857r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000411
Vuln IDs
  • V-224857
  • V-78123
Rule IDs
  • SV-224857r569186_rule
  • SV-92829
SMBv1 is a legacy protocol that uses the MD5 algorithm as part of SMB. MD5 is known to be vulnerable to a number of attacks such as collision and preimage attacks as well as not being FIPS compliant.
Checks: C-26548r465473_chk

Different methods are available to disable SMBv1 on Windows 2016, if V-73299 is configured, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding: Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Parameters\ Value Name: SMB1 Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26536r465474_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MS Security Guide >> "Configure SMBv1 Server" to "Disabled". The system must be restarted for the change to take effect. This policy setting requires the installation of the SecGuide custom templates included with the STIG package. "SecGuide.admx" and "SecGuide.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

b
The Server Message Block (SMB) v1 protocol must be disabled on the SMB client.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224858 - SV-224858r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000412
Vuln IDs
  • V-224858
  • V-78125
Rule IDs
  • SV-224858r569186_rule
  • SV-92831
SMBv1 is a legacy protocol that uses the MD5 algorithm as part of SMB. MD5 is known to be vulnerable to a number of attacks such as collision and preimage attacks as well as not being FIPS compliant.
Checks: C-26549r465476_chk

Different methods are available to disable SMBv1 on Windows 2016, if V-73299 is configured, this is NA. If the following registry value is not configured as specified, this is a finding: Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\mrxsmb10\ Value Name: Start Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000004 (4)

Fix: F-26537r465477_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MS Security Guide >> "Configure SMBv1 client driver" to "Enabled" with "Disable driver (recommended)" selected for "Configure MrxSmb10 driver". The system must be restarted for the changes to take effect. This policy setting requires the installation of the SecGuide custom templates included with the STIG package. "SecGuide.admx" and "SecGuide.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

b
Windows PowerShell 2.0 must not be installed.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224859 - SV-224859r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-00-000420
Vuln IDs
  • V-224859
  • V-73301
Rule IDs
  • SV-224859r569186_rule
  • SV-87953
Windows PowerShell 5.0 added advanced logging features that can provide additional detail when malware has been run on a system. Disabling the Windows PowerShell 2.0 mitigates against a downgrade attack that evades the Windows PowerShell 5.0 script block logging feature.
Checks: C-26550r465479_chk

Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-WindowsFeature | Where Name -eq PowerShell-v2". If "Installed State" is "Installed", this is a finding. An Installed State of "Available" or "Removed" is not a finding.

Fix: F-26538r465480_fix

Uninstall the "Windows PowerShell 2.0 Engine". Start "Server Manager". Select the server with the feature. Scroll down to "ROLES AND FEATURES" in the right pane. Select "Remove Roles and Features" from the drop-down "TASKS" list. Select the appropriate server on the "Server Selection" page and click "Next". Deselect "Windows PowerShell 2.0 Engine" under "Windows PowerShell" on the "Features" page. Click "Next" and "Remove" as prompted.

b
FTP servers must be configured to prevent anonymous logons.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224860 - SV-224860r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000430
Vuln IDs
  • V-224860
  • V-73303
Rule IDs
  • SV-224860r569186_rule
  • SV-87955
The FTP service allows remote users to access shared files and directories. Allowing anonymous FTP connections makes user auditing difficult. Using accounts that have administrator privileges to log on to FTP risks that the userid and password will be captured on the network and give administrator access to an unauthorized user.
Checks: C-26551r465482_chk

If FTP is not installed on the system, this is NA. Open "Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager". Select the server. Double-click "FTP Authentication". If the "Anonymous Authentication" status is "Enabled", this is a finding.

Fix: F-26539r465483_fix

Configure the FTP service to prevent anonymous logons. Open "Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager". Select the server. Double-click "FTP Authentication". Select "Anonymous Authentication". Select "Disabled" under "Actions".

b
FTP servers must be configured to prevent access to the system drive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224861 - SV-224861r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000440
Vuln IDs
  • V-224861
  • V-73305
Rule IDs
  • SV-224861r569186_rule
  • SV-87957
The FTP service allows remote users to access shared files and directories that could provide access to system resources and compromise the system, especially if the user can gain access to the root directory of the boot drive.
Checks: C-26552r465485_chk

If FTP is not installed on the system, this is NA. Open "Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager". Select "Sites" under the server name. For any sites with a Binding that lists FTP, right-click the site and select "Explore". If the site is not defined to a specific folder for shared FTP resources, this is a finding. If the site includes any system areas such as root of the drive, Program Files, or Windows directories, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26540r465486_fix

Configure the FTP sites to allow access only to specific FTP shared resources. Do not allow access to other areas of the system.

a
The time service must synchronize with an appropriate DoD time source.
AU-8 - Low - CCI-001891 - V-224862 - SV-224862r921955_rule
RMF Control
AU-8
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-001891
Version
WN16-00-000450
Vuln IDs
  • V-224862
  • V-73307
Rule IDs
  • SV-224862r921955_rule
  • SV-87959
The Windows Time Service controls time synchronization settings. Time synchronization is essential for authentication and auditing purposes. If the Windows Time Service is used, it must synchronize with a secure, authorized time source. Domain-joined systems are automatically configured to synchronize with domain controllers. If an NTP server is configured, it must synchronize with a secure, authorized time source.
Checks: C-26553r857244_chk

Review the Windows time service configuration. Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "W32tm /query /configuration". Domain-joined systems (excluding the domain controller with the PDC emulator role): If the value for "Type" under "NTP Client" is not "NT5DS", this is a finding. Other systems: If systems are configured with a "Type" of "NTP", including standalone or nondomain-joined systems and the domain controller with the PDC Emulator role, and do not have a DoD time server defined for "NTPServer", this is a finding. To determine the domain controller with the PDC Emulator role: Open "PowerShell". Enter "Get-ADDomain | FT PDCEmulator".

Fix: F-26541r921954_fix

Configure the system to synchronize time with an appropriate DoD time source. Domain-joined systems use NT5DS to synchronize time from other systems in the domain by default. If the system needs to be configured to an NTP server, configure the system to point to an authorized time server by setting the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Windows Time Service >> Time Providers >> "Configure Windows NTP Client" to "Enabled", and configure the "NtpServer" field to point to an appropriate DoD time server. The US Naval Observatory operates stratum 1 time servers, which are identified at: https://www.cnmoc.usff.navy.mil/Our-Commands/United-States-Naval-Observatory/Precise-Time-Department/Network-Time-Protocol-NTP/ Time synchronization will occur through a hierarchy of time servers down to the local level. Clients and lower-level servers will synchronize with an authorized time server in the hierarchy.

b
Orphaned security identifiers (SIDs) must be removed from user rights on Windows 2016.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224863 - SV-224863r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000460
Vuln IDs
  • V-224863
  • V-78127
Rule IDs
  • SV-224863r569186_rule
  • SV-92833
Accounts or groups given rights on a system may show up as unresolved SIDs for various reasons including deletion of the accounts or groups. If the account or group objects are reanimated, there is a potential they may still have rights no longer intended. Valid domain accounts or groups may also show up as unresolved SIDs if a connection to the domain cannot be established for some reason.
Checks: C-26554r465491_chk

Review the effective User Rights setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. Review each User Right listed for any unresolved SIDs to determine whether they are valid, such as due to being temporarily disconnected from the domain. (Unresolved SIDs have the format of "*S-1-…".) If any unresolved SIDs exist and are not for currently valid accounts or groups, this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /export /areas USER_RIGHTS /cfg c:\path\UserRights.txt The results in the file identify user right assignments by SID instead of group name. Review the SIDs for unidentified ones. A list of typical SIDs \ Groups is below, search Microsoft for articles on well-known SIDs for others. If any unresolved SIDs exist and are not for currently valid accounts or groups, this is a finding. SID - Group S-1-5-11 - Authenticated Users S-1-5-113 - Local account S-1-5-114 - Local account and member of Administrators group S-1-5-19 - Local Service S-1-5-20 - Network Service S-1-5-32-544 - Administrators S-1-5-32-546 - Guests S-1-5-6 - Service S-1-5-9 - Enterprise Domain Controllers S-1-5-domain-512 - Domain Admins S-1-5-root domain-519 - Enterprise Admins S-1-5-80-3139157870-2983391045-3678747466-658725712-1809340420 - NT Service\WdiServiceHost

Fix: F-26542r465492_fix

Remove any unresolved SIDs found in User Rights assignments and determined to not be for currently valid accounts or groups by removing the accounts or groups from the appropriate group policy.

a
Secure Boot must be enabled on Windows Server 2016 systems.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-224864 - SV-224864r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000470
Vuln IDs
  • V-224864
  • V-90355
Rule IDs
  • SV-224864r569186_rule
  • SV-101005
Secure Boot is a standard that ensures systems boot only to a trusted operating system. Secure Boot is required to support additional security features in Windows Server 2016, including Virtualization Based Security and Credential Guard. If Secure Boot is turned off, these security features will not function.
Checks: C-26555r641898_chk

Some older systems may not have UEFI firmware. This is currently a CAT III; it will be raised in severity at a future date when broad support of Windows hardware and firmware requirements are expected to be met. Devices that have UEFI firmware must have Secure Boot enabled. Run "System Information". Under "System Summary", if "Secure Boot State" does not display "On", this is a finding.

Fix: F-26543r465495_fix

Enable Secure Boot in the system firmware.

a
Windows 2016 systems must have Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) firmware and be configured to run in UEFI mode, not Legacy BIOS.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-224865 - SV-224865r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-00-000480
Vuln IDs
  • V-224865
  • V-90357
Rule IDs
  • SV-224865r569186_rule
  • SV-101007
UEFI provides additional security features in comparison to legacy BIOS firmware, including Secure Boot. UEFI is required to support additional security features in Windows Server 2016, including Virtualization Based Security and Credential Guard. Systems with UEFI that are operating in "Legacy BIOS" mode will not support these security features.
Checks: C-26556r641896_chk

Some older systems may not have UEFI firmware. This is currently a CAT III; it will be raised in severity at a future date when broad support of Windows hardware and firmware requirements are expected to be met. Devices that have UEFI firmware must run in "UEFI" mode. Verify the system firmware is configured to run in "UEFI" mode, not "Legacy BIOS". Run "System Information". Under "System Summary", if "BIOS Mode" does not display "UEFI", this is a finding.

Fix: F-26544r465498_fix

Configure UEFI firmware to run in "UEFI" mode, not "Legacy BIOS" mode.

b
Windows 2016 account lockout duration must be configured to 15 minutes or greater.
AC-7 - Medium - CCI-002238 - V-224866 - SV-224866r852301_rule
RMF Control
AC-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002238
Version
WN16-AC-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-224866
  • V-73309
Rule IDs
  • SV-224866r852301_rule
  • SV-87961
The account lockout feature, when enabled, prevents brute-force password attacks on the system. This parameter specifies the period of time that an account will remain locked after the specified number of failed logon attempts.
Checks: C-26557r465500_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Account Lockout Policy. If the "Account lockout duration" is less than "15" minutes (excluding "0"), this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "LockoutDuration" is less than "15" (excluding "0") in the file, this is a finding. Configuring this to "0", requiring an administrator to unlock the account, is more restrictive and is not a finding.

Fix: F-26545r465501_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Account Lockout Policy >> "Account lockout duration" to "15" minutes or greater. A value of "0" is also acceptable, requiring an administrator to unlock the account.

b
Windows Server 2016 must have the number of allowed bad logon attempts configured to three or less.
AC-7 - Medium - CCI-000044 - V-224867 - SV-224867r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000044
Version
WN16-AC-000020
Vuln IDs
  • V-224867
  • V-73311
Rule IDs
  • SV-224867r569186_rule
  • SV-87963
The account lockout feature, when enabled, prevents brute-force password attacks on the system. The higher this value is, the less effective the account lockout feature will be in protecting the local system. The number of bad logon attempts must be reasonably small to minimize the possibility of a successful password attack while allowing for honest errors made during normal user logon.
Checks: C-26558r465503_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Account Lockout Policy. If the "Account lockout threshold" is "0" or more than "3" attempts, this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "LockoutBadCount" equals "0" or is greater than "3" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26546r465504_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Account Lockout Policy >> "Account lockout threshold" to "3" or fewer invalid logon attempts (excluding "0", which is unacceptable).

b
Windows Server 2016 must have the period of time before the bad logon counter is reset configured to 15 minutes or greater.
AC-7 - Medium - CCI-000044 - V-224868 - SV-224868r852302_rule
RMF Control
AC-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000044
Version
WN16-AC-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-224868
  • V-73313
Rule IDs
  • SV-224868r852302_rule
  • SV-87965
The account lockout feature, when enabled, prevents brute-force password attacks on the system. This parameter specifies the period of time that must pass after failed logon attempts before the counter is reset to "0". The smaller this value is, the less effective the account lockout feature will be in protecting the local system. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128
Checks: C-26559r465506_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Account Lockout Policy. If the "Reset account lockout counter after" value is less than "15" minutes, this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "ResetLockoutCount" is less than "15" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26547r465507_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Account Lockout Policy >> "Reset account lockout counter after" to at least "15" minutes.

b
Windows Server 2016 password history must be configured to 24 passwords remembered.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000200 - V-224869 - SV-224869r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000200
Version
WN16-AC-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-224869
  • V-73315
Rule IDs
  • SV-224869r569186_rule
  • SV-87967
A system is more vulnerable to unauthorized access when system users recycle the same password several times without being required to change to a unique password on a regularly scheduled basis. This enables users to effectively negate the purpose of mandating periodic password changes. The default value is "24" for Windows domain systems. DoD has decided this is the appropriate value for all Windows systems.
Checks: C-26560r465509_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy. If the value for "Enforce password history" is less than "24" passwords remembered, this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "PasswordHistorySize" is less than "24" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26548r465510_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy >> "Enforce password history" to "24" passwords remembered.

b
Windows Server 2016 maximum password age must be configured to 60 days or less.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000199 - V-224870 - SV-224870r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000199
Version
WN16-AC-000050
Vuln IDs
  • V-224870
  • V-73317
Rule IDs
  • SV-224870r569186_rule
  • SV-87969
The longer a password is in use, the greater the opportunity for someone to gain unauthorized knowledge of the passwords. Scheduled changing of passwords hinders the ability of unauthorized system users to crack passwords and gain access to a system.
Checks: C-26561r465512_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy. If the value for the "Maximum password age" is greater than "60" days, this is a finding. If the value is set to "0" (never expires), this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "MaximumPasswordAge" is greater than "60" or equal to "0" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26549r465513_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy >> "Maximum password age" to "60" days or less (excluding "0", which is unacceptable).

b
Windows Server 2016 minimum password age must be configured to at least one day.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000198 - V-224871 - SV-224871r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000198
Version
WN16-AC-000060
Vuln IDs
  • V-224871
  • V-73319
Rule IDs
  • SV-224871r569186_rule
  • SV-87971
Permitting passwords to be changed in immediate succession within the same day allows users to cycle passwords through their history database. This enables users to effectively negate the purpose of mandating periodic password changes.
Checks: C-26562r465515_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy. If the value for the "Minimum password age" is set to "0" days ("Password can be changed immediately"), this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "MinimumPasswordAge" equals "0" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26550r465516_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy >> "Minimum password age" to at least "1" day.

b
Windows Server 2016 minimum password length must be configured to 14 characters.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000205 - V-224872 - SV-224872r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000205
Version
WN16-AC-000070
Vuln IDs
  • V-224872
  • V-73321
Rule IDs
  • SV-224872r569186_rule
  • SV-87973
Information systems not protected with strong password schemes (including passwords of minimum length) provide the opportunity for anyone to crack the password, thus gaining access to the system and compromising the device, information, or the local network.
Checks: C-26563r465518_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy. If the value for the "Minimum password length," is less than "14" characters, this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "MinimumPasswordLength" is less than "14" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26551r465519_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy >> "Minimum password length" to "14" characters.

b
Windows Server 2016 must have the built-in Windows password complexity policy enabled.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000192 - V-224873 - SV-224873r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000192
Version
WN16-AC-000080
Vuln IDs
  • V-224873
  • V-73323
Rule IDs
  • SV-224873r569186_rule
  • SV-87975
The use of complex passwords increases their strength against attack. The built-in Windows password complexity policy requires passwords to contain at least three of the four types of characters (numbers, upper- and lower-case letters, and special characters) and prevents the inclusion of user names or parts of user names. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SRG-OS-000070-GPOS-00038, SRG-OS-000071-GPOS-00039, SRG-OS-000266-GPOS-00101
Checks: C-26564r465521_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy. If the value for "Password must meet complexity requirements" is not set to "Enabled", this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "PasswordComplexity" equals "0" in the file, this is a finding. Note: If an external password filter is in use that enforces all four character types and requires this setting to be set to "Disabled", this would not be considered a finding. If this setting does not affect the use of an external password filter, it must be enabled for fallback purposes.

Fix: F-26552r465522_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy >> "Password must meet complexity requirements" to "Enabled".

c
Windows Server 2016 reversible password encryption must be disabled.
IA-5 - High - CCI-000196 - V-224874 - SV-224874r877397_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000196
Version
WN16-AC-000090
Vuln IDs
  • V-224874
  • V-73325
Rule IDs
  • SV-224874r877397_rule
  • SV-87977
Storing passwords using reversible encryption is essentially the same as storing clear-text versions of the passwords, which are easily compromised. For this reason, this policy must never be enabled.
Checks: C-26565r465524_chk

Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy. If the value for "Store passwords using reversible encryption" is not set to "Disabled", this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas SecurityPolicy /CFG C:\Path\FileName.Txt If "ClearTextPassword" equals "1" in the file, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26553r465525_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Password Policy >> "Store passwords using reversible encryption" to "Disabled".

b
Audit records must be backed up to a different system or media than the system being audited.
AU-4 - Medium - CCI-001851 - V-224875 - SV-224875r877390_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001851
Version
WN16-AU-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-224875
  • V-73401
Rule IDs
  • SV-224875r877390_rule
  • SV-88053
Protection of log data includes assuring the log data is not accidentally lost or deleted. Audit information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration.
Checks: C-26566r465527_chk

Determine if a process to back up log data to a different system or media than the system being audited has been implemented. If it has not, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26554r465528_fix

Establish and implement a process for backing up log data to another system or media other than the system being audited.

b
Windows Server 2016 must, at a minimum, offload audit records of interconnected systems in real time and offload standalone or nondomain-joined systems weekly.
AU-4 - Medium - CCI-001851 - V-224876 - SV-224876r860019_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001851
Version
WN16-AU-000020
Vuln IDs
  • V-224876
  • V-73403
Rule IDs
  • SV-224876r860019_rule
  • SV-88055
Protection of log data includes ensuring the log data is not accidentally lost or deleted. Audit information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration.
Checks: C-26567r857247_chk

Verify the audit records, at a minimum, are offloaded for interconnected systems in real time and offloaded for standalone or nondomain-joined systems weekly. If they are not, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26555r857248_fix

Configure the system to, at a minimum, offload audit records of interconnected systems in real time and offload standalone or nondomain-joined systems weekly.

b
Permissions for the Application event log must prevent access by non-privileged accounts.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-000162 - V-224877 - SV-224877r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000162
Version
WN16-AU-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-224877
  • V-73405
Rule IDs
  • SV-224877r569186_rule
  • SV-88057
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. The Application event log may be susceptible to tampering if proper permissions are not applied. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000057-GPOS-00027, SRG-OS-000058-GPOS-00028, SRG-OS-000059-GPOS-00029
Checks: C-26568r465533_chk

Navigate to the Application event log file. The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\System32\winevt\Logs" folder. However, the logs may have been moved to another folder. If the permissions for the "Application.evtx" file are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Eventlog - Full Control SYSTEM - Full Control Administrators - Full Control

Fix: F-26556r465534_fix

Configure the permissions on the Application event log file (Application.evtx) to prevent access by non-privileged accounts. The default permissions listed below satisfy this requirement: Eventlog - Full Control SYSTEM - Full Control Administrators - Full Control The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\ System32\winevt\Logs" folder. If the location of the logs has been changed, when adding Eventlog to the permissions, it must be entered as "NT Service\Eventlog".

b
Permissions for the Security event log must prevent access by non-privileged accounts.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-000162 - V-224878 - SV-224878r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000162
Version
WN16-AU-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-224878
  • V-73407
Rule IDs
  • SV-224878r569186_rule
  • SV-88059
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. The Security event log may disclose sensitive information or be susceptible to tampering if proper permissions are not applied. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000057-GPOS-00027, SRG-OS-000058-GPOS-00028, SRG-OS-000059-GPOS-00029
Checks: C-26569r465536_chk

Navigate to the Security event log file. The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\System32\winevt\Logs" folder. However, the logs may have been moved to another folder. If the permissions for the "Security.evtx" file are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Eventlog - Full Control SYSTEM - Full Control Administrators - Full Control

Fix: F-26557r465537_fix

Configure the permissions on the Security event log file (Security.evtx) to prevent access by non-privileged accounts. The default permissions listed below satisfy this requirement: Eventlog - Full Control SYSTEM - Full Control Administrators - Full Control The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\ System32\winevt\Logs" folder. If the location of the logs has been changed, when adding Eventlog to the permissions, it must be entered as "NT Service\Eventlog".

b
Permissions for the System event log must prevent access by non-privileged accounts.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-000162 - V-224879 - SV-224879r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000162
Version
WN16-AU-000050
Vuln IDs
  • V-224879
  • V-73409
Rule IDs
  • SV-224879r569186_rule
  • SV-88061
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. The System event log may be susceptible to tampering if proper permissions are not applied. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000057-GPOS-00027, SRG-OS-000058-GPOS-00028, SRG-OS-000059-GPOS-00029
Checks: C-26570r465539_chk

Navigate to the System event log file. The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\System32\winevt\Logs" folder. However, the logs may have been moved to another folder. If the permissions for the "System.evtx" file are not as restrictive as the default permissions listed below, this is a finding. Eventlog - Full Control SYSTEM - Full Control Administrators - Full Control

Fix: F-26558r465540_fix

Configure the permissions on the System event log file (System.evtx) to prevent access by non-privileged accounts. The default permissions listed below satisfy this requirement: Eventlog - Full Control SYSTEM - Full Control Administrators - Full Control The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\ System32\winevt\Logs" folder. If the location of the logs has been changed, when adding Eventlog to the permissions, it must be entered as "NT Service\Eventlog".

b
Event Viewer must be protected from unauthorized modification and deletion.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-001494 - V-224880 - SV-224880r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001494
Version
WN16-AU-000060
Vuln IDs
  • V-224880
  • V-73411
Rule IDs
  • SV-224880r569186_rule
  • SV-88063
Protecting audit information also includes identifying and protecting the tools used to view and manipulate log data. Therefore, protecting audit tools is necessary to prevent unauthorized operation on audit information. Operating systems providing tools to interface with audit information will leverage user permissions and roles identifying the user accessing the tools and the corresponding rights the user enjoys in order to make access decisions regarding the modification or deletion of audit tools. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000257-GPOS-00098, SRG-OS-000258-GPOS-00099
Checks: C-26571r465542_chk

Navigate to "%SystemRoot%\System32". View the permissions on "Eventvwr.exe". If any groups or accounts other than TrustedInstaller have "Full control" or "Modify" permissions, this is a finding. The default permissions below satisfy this requirement: TrustedInstaller - Full Control Administrators, SYSTEM, Users, ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES, ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & Execute

Fix: F-26559r465543_fix

Configure the permissions on the "Eventvwr.exe" file to prevent modification by any groups or accounts other than TrustedInstaller. The default permissions listed below satisfy this requirement: TrustedInstaller - Full Control Administrators, SYSTEM, Users, ALL APPLICATION PACKAGES, ALL RESTRICTED APPLICATION PACKAGES - Read & Execute The default location is the "%SystemRoot%\ System32" folder.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Logon - Credential Validation successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224881 - SV-224881r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000070
Vuln IDs
  • V-224881
  • V-73413
Rule IDs
  • SV-224881r569186_rule
  • SV-88065
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Credential Validation records events related to validation tests on credentials for a user account logon.
Checks: C-26572r465545_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Logon >> Credential Validation - Success

Fix: F-26560r465546_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Logon >> "Audit Credential Validation" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Logon - Credential Validation failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224882 - SV-224882r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000080
Vuln IDs
  • V-224882
  • V-73415
Rule IDs
  • SV-224882r569186_rule
  • SV-88067
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Credential Validation records events related to validation tests on credentials for a user account logon.
Checks: C-26573r465548_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Logon >> Credential Validation - Failure

Fix: F-26561r465549_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Logon >> "Audit Credential Validation" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Management - Other Account Management Events successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224883 - SV-224883r852305_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000100
Vuln IDs
  • V-224883
  • V-73419
Rule IDs
  • SV-224883r852305_rule
  • SV-88071
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Other Account Management Events records events such as the access of a password hash or the Password Policy Checking API being called. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210
Checks: C-26574r465551_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Management >> Other Account Management Events - Success

Fix: F-26562r465552_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Management >> "Audit Other Account Management Events" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Management - Security Group Management successes.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000018 - V-224884 - SV-224884r852306_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000018
Version
WN16-AU-000120
Vuln IDs
  • V-224884
  • V-73423
Rule IDs
  • SV-224884r852306_rule
  • SV-88075
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Security Group Management records events such as creating, deleting, or changing security groups, including changes in group members. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000004-GPOS-00004, SRG-OS-000239-GPOS-00089, SRG-OS-000240-GPOS-00090, SRG-OS-000241-GPOS-00091, SRG-OS-000303-GPOS-00120, SRG-OS-000476-GPOS-00221
Checks: C-26575r465554_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Management >> Security Group Management - Success

Fix: F-26563r465555_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Management >> "Audit Security Group Management" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Management - User Account Management successes.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000018 - V-224885 - SV-224885r852307_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000018
Version
WN16-AU-000140
Vuln IDs
  • V-224885
  • V-73427
Rule IDs
  • SV-224885r852307_rule
  • SV-88079
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. User Account Management records events such as creating, changing, deleting, renaming, disabling, or enabling user accounts. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000004-GPOS-00004, SRG-OS-000239-GPOS-00089, SRG-OS-000240-GPOS-00090, SRG-OS-000241-GPOS-00091, SRG-OS-000303-GPOS-00120, SRG-OS-000476-GPOS-00221
Checks: C-26576r465557_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Management >> User Account Management - Success

Fix: F-26564r465558_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Management >> "Audit User Account Management" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Management - User Account Management failures.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000018 - V-224886 - SV-224886r852308_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000018
Version
WN16-AU-000150
Vuln IDs
  • V-224886
  • V-73429
Rule IDs
  • SV-224886r852308_rule
  • SV-88081
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. User Account Management records events such as creating, changing, deleting, renaming, disabling, or enabling user accounts. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000004-GPOS-00004, SRG-OS-000239-GPOS-00089, SRG-OS-000240-GPOS-00090, SRG-OS-000241-GPOS-00091, SRG-OS-000303-GPOS-00120, SRG-OS-000476-GPOS-00221
Checks: C-26577r465560_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Management >> User Account Management - Failure

Fix: F-26565r465561_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Management >> "Audit User Account Management" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Detailed Tracking - Plug and Play Events successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224887 - SV-224887r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000160
Vuln IDs
  • V-224887
  • V-73431
Rule IDs
  • SV-224887r569186_rule
  • SV-88083
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Plug and Play activity records events related to the successful connection of external devices.
Checks: C-26578r465563_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*" Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Detailed Tracking >> Plug and Play Events - Success

Fix: F-26566r465564_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Detailed Tracking >> "Audit PNP Activity" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Detailed Tracking - Process Creation successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224888 - SV-224888r852309_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000170
Vuln IDs
  • V-224888
  • V-73433
Rule IDs
  • SV-224888r852309_rule
  • SV-88085
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Process Creation records events related to the creation of a process and the source. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215
Checks: C-26579r465566_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Detailed Tracking >> Process Creation - Success

Fix: F-26567r465567_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Detailed Tracking >> "Audit Process Creation" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Account Lockout failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224890 - SV-224890r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000230
Vuln IDs
  • V-224890
  • V-73445
Rule IDs
  • SV-224890r569186_rule
  • SV-88097
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Account Lockout events can be used to identify potentially malicious logon attempts. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000240-GPOS-00090, SRG-OS-000470-GPOS-00214
Checks: C-26581r465572_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*" Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Logon/Logoff >> Account Lockout - Failure

Fix: F-26569r465573_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Logon/Logoff >> "Audit Account Lockout" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Group Membership successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224891 - SV-224891r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000240
Vuln IDs
  • V-224891
  • V-73447
Rule IDs
  • SV-224891r569186_rule
  • SV-88099
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Group Membership records information related to the group membership of a user's logon token.
Checks: C-26582r465575_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*" Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Logon/Logoff >> Group Membership - Success

Fix: F-26570r465576_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Logon/Logoff >> "Audit Group Membership" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Logoff successes.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-000067 - V-224892 - SV-224892r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000067
Version
WN16-AU-000250
Vuln IDs
  • V-224892
  • V-73449
Rule IDs
  • SV-224892r569186_rule
  • SV-88101
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Logoff records user logoffs. If this is an interactive logoff, it is recorded on the local system. If it is to a network share, it is recorded on the system accessed. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000032-GPOS-00013, SRG-OS-000470-GPOS-00214, SRG-OS-000472-GPOS-00217, SRG-OS-000473-GPOS-00218, SRG-OS-000475-GPOS-00220
Checks: C-26583r465578_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Logon/Logoff >> Logoff - Success

Fix: F-26571r465579_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Logon/Logoff >> "Audit Logoff" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Logon successes.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-000067 - V-224893 - SV-224893r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000067
Version
WN16-AU-000260
Vuln IDs
  • V-224893
  • V-73451
Rule IDs
  • SV-224893r569186_rule
  • SV-88103
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Logon records user logons. If this is an interactive logon, it is recorded on the local system. If it is to a network share, it is recorded on the system accessed. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000032-GPOS-00013, SRG-OS-000470-GPOS-00214, SRG-OS-000472-GPOS-00217, SRG-OS-000473-GPOS-00218, SRG-OS-000475-GPOS-00220
Checks: C-26584r465581_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Logon/Logoff >> Logon - Success

Fix: F-26572r465582_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Logon/Logoff >> "Audit Logon" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Logon failures.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-000067 - V-224894 - SV-224894r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000067
Version
WN16-AU-000270
Vuln IDs
  • V-224894
  • V-73453
Rule IDs
  • SV-224894r569186_rule
  • SV-88105
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Logon records user logons. If this is an interactive logon, it is recorded on the local system. If it is to a network share, it is recorded on the system accessed. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000032-GPOS-00013, SRG-OS-000470-GPOS-00214, SRG-OS-000472-GPOS-00217, SRG-OS-000473-GPOS-00218, SRG-OS-000475-GPOS-00220
Checks: C-26585r465584_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Logon/Logoff >> Logon - Failure

Fix: F-26573r465585_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Logon/Logoff >> "Audit Logon" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Special Logon successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224895 - SV-224895r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000280
Vuln IDs
  • V-224895
  • V-73455
Rule IDs
  • SV-224895r569186_rule
  • SV-88107
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Special Logon records special logons that have administrative privileges and can be used to elevate processes. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000470-GPOS-00214, SRG-OS-000472-GPOS-00217, SRG-OS-000473-GPOS-00218, SRG-OS-000475-GPOS-00220
Checks: C-26586r465587_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Logon/Logoff >> Special Logon - Success

Fix: F-26574r465588_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Logon/Logoff >> "Audit Special Logon" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows 2016 must be configured to audit Object Access - Other Object Access Events successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224896 - SV-224896r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000285
Vuln IDs
  • V-224896
  • V-90359
Rule IDs
  • SV-224896r569186_rule
  • SV-101009
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing for other object access records events related to the management of task scheduler jobs and COM+ objects.
Checks: C-26587r465590_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the "AuditPol" tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open "PowerShell" or a "Command Prompt" with elevated privileges ("Run as Administrator"). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*" Compare the "AuditPol" settings with the following: If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Object Access >> Other Object Access Events - Success

Fix: F-26575r465591_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Object Access >> "Audit Other Object Access Events" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows 2016 must be configured to audit Object Access - Other Object Access Events failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224897 - SV-224897r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000286
Vuln IDs
  • V-224897
  • V-90361
Rule IDs
  • SV-224897r569186_rule
  • SV-101011
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing for other object access records events related to the management of task scheduler jobs and COM+ objects.
Checks: C-26588r465593_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the "AuditPol" tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open "PowerShell" or a "Command Prompt" with elevated privileges ("Run as Administrator"). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*" Compare the "AuditPol" settings with the following: If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Object Access >> Other Object Access Events - Failure

Fix: F-26576r465594_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Object Access >> "Audit Other Object Access Events" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Object Access - Removable Storage successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224898 - SV-224898r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000290
Vuln IDs
  • V-224898
  • V-73457
Rule IDs
  • SV-224898r569186_rule
  • SV-88109
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Removable Storage auditing under Object Access records events related to access attempts on file system objects on removable storage devices.
Checks: C-26589r465596_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Object Access >> Removable Storage - Success Virtual machines or systems that use network attached storage may generate excessive audit events for secondary virtual drives or the network attached storage when this setting is enabled. This may be set to Not Configured in such cases and would not be a finding.

Fix: F-26577r465597_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Object Access >> "Audit Removable Storage" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Object Access - Removable Storage failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224899 - SV-224899r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000300
Vuln IDs
  • V-224899
  • V-73459
Rule IDs
  • SV-224899r569186_rule
  • SV-88111
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Removable Storage auditing under Object Access records events related to access attempts on file system objects on removable storage devices.
Checks: C-26590r465599_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Object Access >> Removable Storage - Failure Virtual machines or systems that use network attached storage may generate excessive audit events for secondary virtual drives or the network attached storage when this setting is enabled. This may be set to Not Configured in such cases and would not be a finding.

Fix: F-26578r465600_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Object Access >> "Audit Removable Storage" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Policy Change - Audit Policy Change successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224900 - SV-224900r852310_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000310
Vuln IDs
  • V-224900
  • V-73461
Rule IDs
  • SV-224900r852310_rule
  • SV-88113
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Policy Change records events related to changes in audit policy. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26591r465602_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Policy Change >> Audit Policy Change - Success

Fix: F-26579r465603_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Policy Change >> "Audit Audit Policy Change" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Policy Change - Audit Policy Change failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224901 - SV-224901r852311_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000320
Vuln IDs
  • V-224901
  • V-73463
Rule IDs
  • SV-224901r852311_rule
  • SV-88115
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Policy Change records events related to changes in audit policy. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26592r465605_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Policy Change >> Audit Policy Change - Failure

Fix: F-26580r465606_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Policy Change >> "Audit Audit Policy Change" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Policy Change - Authentication Policy Change successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224902 - SV-224902r852312_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000330
Vuln IDs
  • V-224902
  • V-73465
Rule IDs
  • SV-224902r852312_rule
  • SV-88117
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Authentication Policy Change records events related to changes in authentication policy, including Kerberos policy and Trust changes. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210
Checks: C-26593r465608_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Policy Change >> Authentication Policy Change - Success

Fix: F-26581r465609_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Policy Change >> "Audit Authentication Policy Change" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Policy Change - Authorization Policy Change successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224903 - SV-224903r852313_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000340
Vuln IDs
  • V-224903
  • V-73467
Rule IDs
  • SV-224903r852313_rule
  • SV-88119
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Authorization Policy Change records events related to changes in user rights, such as "Create a token object". Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210
Checks: C-26594r465611_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Policy Change >> Authorization Policy Change - Success

Fix: F-26582r465612_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Policy Change >> "Audit Authorization Policy Change" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Privilege Use - Sensitive Privilege Use successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224904 - SV-224904r852314_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000350
Vuln IDs
  • V-224904
  • V-73469
Rule IDs
  • SV-224904r852314_rule
  • SV-88121
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Sensitive Privilege Use records events related to use of sensitive privileges, such as "Act as part of the operating system" or "Debug programs". Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210
Checks: C-26595r465614_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Privilege Use >> Sensitive Privilege Use - Success

Fix: F-26583r465615_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Privilege Use >> "Audit Sensitive Privilege Use" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Privilege Use - Sensitive Privilege Use failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224905 - SV-224905r852315_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000360
Vuln IDs
  • V-224905
  • V-73471
Rule IDs
  • SV-224905r852315_rule
  • SV-88123
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Sensitive Privilege Use records events related to use of sensitive privileges, such as "Act as part of the operating system" or "Debug programs". Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210
Checks: C-26596r465617_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Privilege Use >> Sensitive Privilege Use - Failure

Fix: F-26584r465618_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Privilege Use >> "Audit Sensitive Privilege Use" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - IPsec Driver successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224906 - SV-224906r852316_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000370
Vuln IDs
  • V-224906
  • V-73473
Rule IDs
  • SV-224906r852316_rule
  • SV-88125
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. IPsec Driver records events related to the IPsec Driver, such as dropped packets. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26597r465620_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> IPsec Driver - Success

Fix: F-26585r465621_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit IPsec Driver" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - IPsec Driver failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224907 - SV-224907r852317_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000380
Vuln IDs
  • V-224907
  • V-73475
Rule IDs
  • SV-224907r852317_rule
  • SV-88127
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. IPsec Driver records events related to the IPsec Driver, such as dropped packets. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26598r465623_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> IPsec Driver - Failure

Fix: F-26586r465624_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit IPsec Driver" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - Other System Events successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224908 - SV-224908r852318_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000390
Vuln IDs
  • V-224908
  • V-73477
Rule IDs
  • SV-224908r852318_rule
  • SV-88129
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Other System Events records information related to cryptographic key operations and the Windows Firewall service. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26599r465626_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*" Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> Other System Events - Success

Fix: F-26587r465627_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit Other System Events" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - Other System Events failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224909 - SV-224909r852319_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000400
Vuln IDs
  • V-224909
  • V-73479
Rule IDs
  • SV-224909r852319_rule
  • SV-88131
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Other System Events records information related to cryptographic key operations and the Windows Firewall service. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26600r465629_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> Other System Events - Failure

Fix: F-26588r465630_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit Other System Events" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - Security State Change successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224910 - SV-224910r852320_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000410
Vuln IDs
  • V-224910
  • V-73481
Rule IDs
  • SV-224910r852320_rule
  • SV-88133
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Security State Change records events related to changes in the security state, such as startup and shutdown of the system. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26601r465632_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> Security State Change - Success

Fix: F-26589r465633_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit Security State Change" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - Security System Extension successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224911 - SV-224911r852321_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000420
Vuln IDs
  • V-224911
  • V-73483
Rule IDs
  • SV-224911r852321_rule
  • SV-88135
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Security System Extension records events related to extension code being loaded by the security subsystem. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26602r465635_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> Security System Extension - Success

Fix: F-26590r465636_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit Security System Extension" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - System Integrity successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224912 - SV-224912r852322_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000440
Vuln IDs
  • V-224912
  • V-73489
Rule IDs
  • SV-224912r852322_rule
  • SV-88141
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. System Integrity records events related to violations of integrity to the security subsystem. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222
Checks: C-26603r465638_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> System Integrity - Success

Fix: F-26591r465639_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit System Integrity" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit System - System Integrity failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224913 - SV-224913r852323_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-AU-000450
Vuln IDs
  • V-224913
  • V-73491
Rule IDs
  • SV-224913r852323_rule
  • SV-88143
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. System Integrity records events related to violations of integrity to the security subsystem. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00216, SRG-OS-000477-GPOS-00222
Checks: C-26604r465641_chk

Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. System >> System Integrity - Failure

Fix: F-26592r465642_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> System >> "Audit System Integrity" with "Failure" selected.

b
The display of slide shows on the lock screen must be disabled.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224914 - SV-224914r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-224914
  • V-73493
Rule IDs
  • SV-224914r569186_rule
  • SV-88145
Slide shows that are displayed on the lock screen could display sensitive information to unauthorized personnel. Turning off this feature will limit access to the information to a logged-on user.
Checks: C-26605r465644_chk

Verify the registry value below. If it does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Personalization\ Value Name: NoLockScreenSlideshow Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26593r465645_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Control Panel >> Personalization >> "Prevent enabling lock screen slide show" to "Enabled".

b
WDigest Authentication must be disabled on Windows Server 2016.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224915 - SV-224915r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-224915
  • V-73497
Rule IDs
  • SV-224915r569186_rule
  • SV-88149
When the WDigest Authentication protocol is enabled, plain-text passwords are stored in the Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS), exposing them to theft. WDigest is disabled by default in Windows Server 2016. This setting ensures this is enforced.
Checks: C-26606r465647_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\Wdigest\ Value Name: UseLogonCredential Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26594r465648_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MS Security Guide >> "WDigest Authentication (disabling may require KB2871997)" to "Disabled". This policy setting requires the installation of the SecGuide custom templates included with the STIG package. "SecGuide.admx" and " SecGuide.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

a
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) source routing must be configured to the highest protection level to prevent IP source routing.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-224916 - SV-224916r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-224916
  • V-73499
Rule IDs
  • SV-224916r569186_rule
  • SV-88151
Configuring the system to disable IPv6 source routing protects against spoofing.
Checks: C-26607r465650_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip6\Parameters\ Value Name: DisableIPSourceRouting Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000002 (2)

Fix: F-26595r465651_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MSS (Legacy) >> "MSS: (DisableIPSourceRouting IPv6) IP source routing protection level (protects against packet spoofing)" to "Enabled" with "Highest protection, source routing is completely disabled" selected. This policy setting requires the installation of the MSS-Legacy custom templates included with the STIG package. "MSS-Legacy.admx" and "MSS-Legacy.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

a
Source routing must be configured to the highest protection level to prevent Internet Protocol (IP) source routing.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-224917 - SV-224917r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000050
Vuln IDs
  • V-224917
  • V-73501
Rule IDs
  • SV-224917r569186_rule
  • SV-88153
Configuring the system to disable IP source routing protects against spoofing.
Checks: C-26608r465653_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\ Value Name: DisableIPSourceRouting Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000002 (2)

Fix: F-26596r465654_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MSS (Legacy) >> "MSS: (DisableIPSourceRouting) IP source routing protection level (protects against packet spoofing)" to "Enabled" with "Highest protection, source routing is completely disabled" selected. This policy setting requires the installation of the MSS-Legacy custom templates included with the STIG package. "MSS-Legacy.admx" and "MSS-Legacy.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

a
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to prevent Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirects from overriding Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)-generated routes.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-224918 - SV-224918r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000060
Vuln IDs
  • V-224918
  • V-73503
Rule IDs
  • SV-224918r569186_rule
  • SV-88155
Allowing ICMP redirect of routes can lead to traffic not being routed properly. When disabled, this forces ICMP to be routed via the shortest path first.
Checks: C-26609r465656_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\ Value Name: EnableICMPRedirect Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26597r465657_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MSS (Legacy) >> "MSS: (EnableICMPRedirect) Allow ICMP redirects to override OSPF generated routes" to "Disabled". This policy setting requires the installation of the MSS-Legacy custom templates included with the STIG package. "MSS-Legacy.admx" and "MSS-Legacy.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

a
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to ignore NetBIOS name release requests except from WINS servers.
SC-5 - Low - CCI-002385 - V-224919 - SV-224919r852324_rule
RMF Control
SC-5
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-002385
Version
WN16-CC-000070
Vuln IDs
  • V-224919
  • V-73505
Rule IDs
  • SV-224919r852324_rule
  • SV-88157
Configuring the system to ignore name release requests, except from WINS servers, prevents a denial of service (DoS) attack. The DoS consists of sending a NetBIOS name release request to the server for each entry in the server's cache, causing a response delay in the normal operation of the server's WINS resolution capability.
Checks: C-26610r465659_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Netbt\Parameters\ Value Name: NoNameReleaseOnDemand Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26598r465660_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MSS (Legacy) >> "MSS: (NoNameReleaseOnDemand) Allow the computer to ignore NetBIOS name release requests except from WINS servers" to "Enabled". This policy setting requires the installation of the MSS-Legacy custom templates included with the STIG package. "MSS-Legacy.admx" and "MSS-Legacy.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

b
Insecure logons to an SMB server must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224920 - SV-224920r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000080
Vuln IDs
  • V-224920
  • V-73507
Rule IDs
  • SV-224920r569186_rule
  • SV-88159
Insecure guest logons allow unauthenticated access to shared folders. Shared resources on a system must require authentication to establish proper access.
Checks: C-26611r465662_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\LanmanWorkstation\ Value Name: AllowInsecureGuestAuth Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26599r465663_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Network >> Lanman Workstation >> "Enable insecure guest logons" to "Disabled".

b
Hardened UNC paths must be defined to require mutual authentication and integrity for at least the \\*\SYSVOL and \\*\NETLOGON shares.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224921 - SV-224921r857251_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000090
Vuln IDs
  • V-224921
  • V-73509
Rule IDs
  • SV-224921r857251_rule
  • SV-88161
Additional security requirements are applied to Universal Naming Convention (UNC) paths specified in hardened UNC paths before allowing access to them. This aids in preventing tampering with or spoofing of connections to these paths.
Checks: C-26612r857250_chk

This requirement is applicable to domain-joined systems. For standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. If the following registry values do not exist or are not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\NetworkProvider\HardenedPaths\ Value Name: \\*\NETLOGON Value Type: REG_SZ Value: RequireMutualAuthentication=1, RequireIntegrity=1 Value Name: \\*\SYSVOL Value Type: REG_SZ Value: RequireMutualAuthentication=1, RequireIntegrity=1 Additional entries would not be a finding.

Fix: F-26600r465666_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Network >> Network Provider >> "Hardened UNC Paths" to "Enabled" with at least the following configured in "Hardened UNC Paths": (click the "Show" button to display) Value Name: \\*\SYSVOL Value: RequireMutualAuthentication=1, RequireIntegrity=1 Value Name: \\*\NETLOGON Value: RequireMutualAuthentication=1, RequireIntegrity=1

b
Command line data must be included in process creation events.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000135 - V-224922 - SV-224922r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000135
Version
WN16-CC-000100
Vuln IDs
  • V-224922
  • V-73511
Rule IDs
  • SV-224922r569186_rule
  • SV-88163
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Enabling "Include command line data for process creation events" will record the command line information with the process creation events in the log. This can provide additional detail when malware has run on a system.
Checks: C-26613r465668_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\Audit\ Value Name: ProcessCreationIncludeCmdLine_Enabled Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26601r465669_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Audit Process Creation >> "Include command line in process creation events" to "Enabled".

b
Windows Server 2016 virtualization-based security must be enabled with the platform security level configured to Secure Boot or Secure Boot with DMA Protection.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224923 - SV-224923r857253_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000110
Vuln IDs
  • V-224923
  • V-73513
Rule IDs
  • SV-224923r857253_rule
  • SV-88165
Virtualization-based security (VBS) provides the platform for the additional security features Credential Guard and virtualization-based protection of code integrity. Secure Boot is the minimum security level, with DMA protection providing additional memory protection. DMA Protection requires a CPU that supports input/output memory management unit (IOMMU).
Checks: C-26614r857252_chk

For standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. Open "PowerShell" with elevated privileges (run as administrator). Enter the following: "Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_DeviceGuard -Namespace root\Microsoft\Windows\DeviceGuard" If "RequiredSecurityProperties" does not include a value of "2" indicating "Secure Boot" (e.g., "{1, 2}"), this is a finding. If "Secure Boot and DMA Protection" is configured, "3" will also be displayed in the results (e.g., "{1, 2, 3}"). If "VirtualizationBasedSecurityStatus" is not a value of "2" indicating "Running", this is a finding. Alternately: Run "System Information". Under "System Summary", verify the following: If "Device Guard Virtualization based security" does not display "Running", this is a finding. If "Device Guard Required Security Properties" does not display "Base Virtualization Support, Secure Boot", this is a finding. If "Secure Boot and DMA Protection" is configured, "DMA Protection" will also be displayed (e.g., "Base Virtualization Support, Secure Boot, DMA Protection"). The policy settings referenced in the Fix section will configure the following registry values. However, due to hardware requirements, the registry values alone do not ensure proper function. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\DeviceGuard\ Value Name: EnableVirtualizationBasedSecurity Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1) Value Name: RequirePlatformSecurityFeatures Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1) (Secure Boot only) or 0x00000003 (3) (Secure Boot and DMA Protection) A Microsoft TechNet article on Credential Guard, including system requirement details, can be found at the following link: https://technet.microsoft.com/itpro/windows/keep-secure/credential-guard

Fix: F-26602r465672_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Device Guard >> "Turn On Virtualization Based Security" to "Enabled" with "Secure Boot" or "Secure Boot and DMA Protection" selected. A Microsoft TechNet article on Credential Guard, including system requirement details, can be found at the following link: https://technet.microsoft.com/itpro/windows/keep-secure/credential-guard

b
Early Launch Antimalware, Boot-Start Driver Initialization Policy must prevent boot drivers identified as bad.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224924 - SV-224924r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000140
Vuln IDs
  • V-224924
  • V-73521
Rule IDs
  • SV-224924r569186_rule
  • SV-88173
Compromised boot drivers can introduce malware prior to protection mechanisms that load after initialization. The Early Launch Antimalware driver can limit allowed drivers based on classifications determined by the malware protection application. At a minimum, drivers determined to be bad must not be allowed.
Checks: C-26615r465674_chk

The default behavior is for Early Launch Antimalware - Boot-Start Driver Initialization policy to enforce "Good, unknown and bad but critical" (preventing "bad"). If the registry value name below does not exist, this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "0x00000007 (7)", this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Policies\EarlyLaunch\ Value Name: DriverLoadPolicy Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1), 0x00000003 (3), or 0x00000008 (8) (or if the Value Name does not exist) Possible values for this setting are: 8 - Good only 1 - Good and unknown 3 - Good, unknown and bad but critical 7 - All (which includes "bad" and would be a finding)

Fix: F-26603r465675_fix

The default behavior is for Early Launch Antimalware - Boot-Start Driver Initialization policy to enforce "Good, unknown and bad but critical" (preventing "bad"). If this needs to be corrected or a more secure setting is desired, configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Early Launch Antimalware >> "Boot-Start Driver Initialization Policy" to "Not Configured" or "Enabled" with any option other than "All" selected.

b
Group Policy objects must be reprocessed even if they have not changed.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224925 - SV-224925r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000150
Vuln IDs
  • V-224925
  • V-73525
Rule IDs
  • SV-224925r569186_rule
  • SV-88177
Registry entries for group policy settings can potentially be changed from the required configuration. This could occur as part of troubleshooting or by a malicious process on a compromised system. Enabling this setting and then selecting the "Process even if the Group Policy objects have not changed" option ensures the policies will be reprocessed even if none have been changed. This way, any unauthorized changes are forced to match the domain-based group policy settings again.
Checks: C-26616r465677_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Group Policy\{35378EAC-683F-11D2-A89A-00C04FBBCFA2}\ Value Name: NoGPOListChanges Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26604r465678_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Group Policy >> "Configure registry policy processing" to "Enabled" with the option "Process even if the Group Policy objects have not changed" selected.

b
Downloading print driver packages over HTTP must be prevented.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224926 - SV-224926r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000160
Vuln IDs
  • V-224926
  • V-73527
Rule IDs
  • SV-224926r569186_rule
  • SV-88179
Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and will prevent uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting prevents the computer from downloading print driver packages over HTTP.
Checks: C-26617r465680_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Printers\ Value Name: DisableWebPnPDownload Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26605r465681_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Internet Communication Management >> Internet Communication settings >> "Turn off downloading of print drivers over HTTP" to "Enabled".

b
Printing over HTTP must be prevented.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224927 - SV-224927r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000170
Vuln IDs
  • V-224927
  • V-73529
Rule IDs
  • SV-224927r569186_rule
  • SV-88181
Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and will prevent uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting prevents the client computer from printing over HTTP, which allows the computer to print to printers on the intranet as well as the Internet.
Checks: C-26618r465683_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Printers\ Value Name: DisableHTTPPrinting Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26606r465684_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Internet Communication Management >> Internet Communication settings >> "Turn off printing over HTTP" to "Enabled".

b
The network selection user interface (UI) must not be displayed on the logon screen.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224928 - SV-224928r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000180
Vuln IDs
  • V-224928
  • V-73531
Rule IDs
  • SV-224928r569186_rule
  • SV-88185
Enabling interaction with the network selection UI allows users to change connections to available networks without signing in to Windows.
Checks: C-26619r465686_chk

Verify the registry value below. If it does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\System\ Value Name: DontDisplayNetworkSelectionUI Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26607r465687_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Logon >> "Do not display network selection UI" to "Enabled".

b
Users must be prompted to authenticate when the system wakes from sleep (on battery).
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224929 - SV-224929r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000210
Vuln IDs
  • V-224929
  • V-73537
Rule IDs
  • SV-224929r569186_rule
  • SV-88197
A system that does not require authentication when resuming from sleep may provide access to unauthorized users. Authentication must always be required when accessing a system. This setting ensures users are prompted for a password when the system wakes from sleep (on battery).
Checks: C-26620r465689_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Power\PowerSettings\0e796bdb-100d-47d6-a2d5-f7d2daa51f51\ Value Name: DCSettingIndex Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26608r465690_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Power Management >> Sleep Settings >> "Require a password when a computer wakes (on battery)" to "Enabled".

b
Users must be prompted to authenticate when the system wakes from sleep (plugged in).
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224930 - SV-224930r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000220
Vuln IDs
  • V-224930
  • V-73539
Rule IDs
  • SV-224930r569186_rule
  • SV-88201
A system that does not require authentication when resuming from sleep may provide access to unauthorized users. Authentication must always be required when accessing a system. This setting ensures users are prompted for a password when the system wakes from sleep (plugged in).
Checks: C-26621r465692_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Power\PowerSettings\0e796bdb-100d-47d6-a2d5-f7d2daa51f51\ Value Name: ACSettingIndex Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26609r465693_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Power Management >> Sleep Settings >> "Require a password when a computer wakes (plugged in)" to "Enabled".

a
The Application Compatibility Program Inventory must be prevented from collecting data and sending the information to Microsoft.
CM-7 - Low - CCI-000381 - V-224931 - SV-224931r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000240
Vuln IDs
  • V-224931
  • V-73543
Rule IDs
  • SV-224931r569186_rule
  • SV-88207
Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and will prevent uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting will prevent the Program Inventory from collecting data about a system and sending the information to Microsoft.
Checks: C-26622r465695_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\AppCompat\ Value Name: DisableInventory Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26610r465696_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Application Compatibility >> "Turn off Inventory Collector" to "Enabled".

c
AutoPlay must be turned off for non-volume devices.
CM-7 - High - CCI-001764 - V-224932 - SV-224932r852325_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001764
Version
WN16-CC-000250
Vuln IDs
  • V-224932
  • V-73545
Rule IDs
  • SV-224932r852325_rule
  • SV-88209
Allowing AutoPlay to execute may introduce malicious code to a system. AutoPlay begins reading from a drive as soon as media is inserted into the drive. As a result, the setup file of programs or music on audio media may start. This setting will disable AutoPlay for non-volume devices, such as Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) devices.
Checks: C-26623r465698_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Explorer\ Value Name: NoAutoplayfornonVolume Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26611r465699_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> AutoPlay Policies >> "Disallow Autoplay for non-volume devices" to "Enabled".

c
The default AutoRun behavior must be configured to prevent AutoRun commands.
CM-7 - High - CCI-001764 - V-224933 - SV-224933r852326_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001764
Version
WN16-CC-000260
Vuln IDs
  • V-224933
  • V-73547
Rule IDs
  • SV-224933r852326_rule
  • SV-88211
Allowing AutoRun commands to execute may introduce malicious code to a system. Configuring this setting prevents AutoRun commands from executing.
Checks: C-26624r465701_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\ Value Name: NoAutorun Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26612r465702_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> AutoPlay Policies >> "Set the default behavior for AutoRun" to "Enabled" with "Do not execute any autorun commands" selected.

c
AutoPlay must be disabled for all drives.
CM-7 - High - CCI-001764 - V-224934 - SV-224934r852327_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001764
Version
WN16-CC-000270
Vuln IDs
  • V-224934
  • V-73549
Rule IDs
  • SV-224934r852327_rule
  • SV-88213
Allowing AutoPlay to execute may introduce malicious code to a system. AutoPlay begins reading from a drive as soon media is inserted into the drive. As a result, the setup file of programs or music on audio media may start. By default, AutoPlay is disabled on removable drives, such as the floppy disk drive (but not the CD-ROM drive) and on network drives. Enabling this policy disables AutoPlay on all drives.
Checks: C-26625r465704_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\Explorer\ Value Name: NoDriveTypeAutoRun Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x000000ff (255)

Fix: F-26613r465705_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> AutoPlay Policies >> "Turn off AutoPlay" to "Enabled" with "All Drives" selected.

b
Administrator accounts must not be enumerated during elevation.
SC-3 - Medium - CCI-001084 - V-224935 - SV-224935r569186_rule
RMF Control
SC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001084
Version
WN16-CC-000280
Vuln IDs
  • V-224935
  • V-73487
Rule IDs
  • SV-224935r569186_rule
  • SV-88139
Enumeration of administrator accounts when elevating can provide part of the logon information to an unauthorized user. This setting configures the system to always require users to type in a username and password to elevate a running application.
Checks: C-26626r465707_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\CredUI\ Value Name: EnumerateAdministrators Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26614r465708_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Credential User Interface >> "Enumerate administrator accounts on elevation" to "Disabled".

b
Windows Telemetry must be configured to Security or Basic.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224936 - SV-224936r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000290
Vuln IDs
  • V-224936
  • V-73551
Rule IDs
  • SV-224936r569186_rule
  • SV-88215
Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Limiting this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise. The "Security" option for Telemetry configures the lowest amount of data, effectively none outside of the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT), Defender, and telemetry client settings. "Basic" sends basic diagnostic and usage data and may be required to support some Microsoft services.
Checks: C-26627r465710_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\DataCollection\ Value Name: AllowTelemetry Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) (Security), 0x00000001 (1) (Basic)

Fix: F-26615r465711_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Data Collection and Preview Builds>> "Allow Telemetry" to "Enabled" with "0 - Security [Enterprise Only]" or "1 - Basic" selected in "Options".

b
The Application event log size must be configured to 32768 KB or greater.
AU-4 - Medium - CCI-001849 - V-224937 - SV-224937r877391_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001849
Version
WN16-CC-000300
Vuln IDs
  • V-224937
  • V-73553
Rule IDs
  • SV-224937r877391_rule
  • SV-88217
Inadequate log size will cause the log to fill up quickly. This may prevent audit events from being recorded properly and require frequent attention by administrative personnel.
Checks: C-26628r465713_chk

If the system is configured to write events directly to an audit server, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\EventLog\Application\ Value Name: MaxSize Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00008000 (32768) (or greater)

Fix: F-26616r465714_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Event Log Service >> Application >> "Specify the maximum log file size (KB)" to "Enabled" with a "Maximum Log Size (KB)" of "32768" or greater.

b
The Security event log size must be configured to 196608 KB or greater.
AU-4 - Medium - CCI-001849 - V-224938 - SV-224938r877391_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001849
Version
WN16-CC-000310
Vuln IDs
  • V-224938
  • V-73555
Rule IDs
  • SV-224938r877391_rule
  • SV-88219
Inadequate log size will cause the log to fill up quickly. This may prevent audit events from being recorded properly and require frequent attention by administrative personnel.
Checks: C-26629r465716_chk

If the system is configured to write events directly to an audit server, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\EventLog\Security\ Value Name: MaxSize Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00030000 (196608) (or greater)

Fix: F-26617r465717_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Event Log Service >> Security >> "Specify the maximum log file size (KB)" to "Enabled" with a "Maximum Log Size (KB)" of "196608" or greater.

b
The System event log size must be configured to 32768 KB or greater.
AU-4 - Medium - CCI-001849 - V-224939 - SV-224939r877391_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001849
Version
WN16-CC-000320
Vuln IDs
  • V-224939
  • V-73557
Rule IDs
  • SV-224939r877391_rule
  • SV-88221
Inadequate log size will cause the log to fill up quickly. This may prevent audit events from being recorded properly and require frequent attention by administrative personnel.
Checks: C-26630r465719_chk

If the system is configured to write events directly to an audit server, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\EventLog\System\ Value Name: MaxSize Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00008000 (32768) (or greater)

Fix: F-26618r465720_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Event Log Service >> System >> "Specify the maximum log file size (KB)" to "Enabled" with a "Maximum Log Size (KB)" of "32768" or greater.

b
Windows Server 2016 Windows SmartScreen must be enabled.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224940 - SV-224940r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000330
Vuln IDs
  • V-224940
  • V-73559
Rule IDs
  • SV-224940r569186_rule
  • SV-88223
Windows SmartScreen helps protect systems from programs downloaded from the internet that may be malicious. Enabling SmartScreen will warn users of potentially malicious programs.
Checks: C-26631r465722_chk

This is applicable to unclassified systems; for other systems, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\System\ Value Name: EnableSmartScreen Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26619r465723_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> File Explorer >> "Configure Windows SmartScreen" to "Enabled".

b
Explorer Data Execution Prevention must be enabled.
SI-16 - Medium - CCI-002824 - V-224941 - SV-224941r852331_rule
RMF Control
SI-16
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002824
Version
WN16-CC-000340
Vuln IDs
  • V-224941
  • V-73561
Rule IDs
  • SV-224941r852331_rule
  • SV-88225
Data Execution Prevention provides additional protection by performing checks on memory to help prevent malicious code from running. This setting will prevent Data Execution Prevention from being turned off for File Explorer.
Checks: C-26632r465725_chk

The default behavior is for Data Execution Prevention to be turned on for File Explorer. If the registry value name below does not exist, this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "0", this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "1", this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Explorer\ Value Name: NoDataExecutionPrevention Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) (or if the Value Name does not exist)

Fix: F-26620r465726_fix

The default behavior is for data execution prevention to be turned on for File Explorer. If this needs to be corrected, configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> File Explorer >> "Turn off Data Execution Prevention for Explorer" to "Not Configured" or "Disabled".

a
Turning off File Explorer heap termination on corruption must be disabled.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-224942 - SV-224942r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000350
Vuln IDs
  • V-224942
  • V-73563
Rule IDs
  • SV-224942r569186_rule
  • SV-88227
Legacy plug-in applications may continue to function when a File Explorer session has become corrupt. Disabling this feature will prevent this.
Checks: C-26633r465728_chk

The default behavior is for File Explorer heap termination on corruption to be enabled. If the registry Value Name below does not exist, this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "0", this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "1", this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Explorer\ Value Name: NoHeapTerminationOnCorruption Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) (or if the Value Name does not exist)

Fix: F-26621r465729_fix

The default behavior is for File Explorer heap termination on corruption to be disabled. If this needs to be corrected, configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> File Explorer >> "Turn off heap termination on corruption" to "Not Configured" or "Disabled".

b
File Explorer shell protocol must run in protected mode.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224943 - SV-224943r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000360
Vuln IDs
  • V-224943
  • V-73565
Rule IDs
  • SV-224943r569186_rule
  • SV-88229
The shell protocol will limit the set of folders that applications can open when run in protected mode. Restricting files an application can open to a limited set of folders increases the security of Windows.
Checks: C-26634r465731_chk

The default behavior is for shell protected mode to be turned on for File Explorer. If the registry value name below does not exist, this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "0", this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "1", this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\ Value Name: PreXPSP2ShellProtocolBehavior Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) (or if the Value Name does not exist)

Fix: F-26622r465732_fix

The default behavior is for shell protected mode to be turned on for File Explorer. If this needs to be corrected, configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> File Explorer >> "Turn off shell protocol protected mode" to "Not Configured" or "Disabled".

b
Passwords must not be saved in the Remote Desktop Client.
IA-11 - Medium - CCI-002038 - V-224944 - SV-224944r852332_rule
RMF Control
IA-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002038
Version
WN16-CC-000370
Vuln IDs
  • V-224944
  • V-73567
Rule IDs
  • SV-224944r852332_rule
  • SV-88231
Saving passwords in the Remote Desktop Client could allow an unauthorized user to establish a remote desktop session to another system. The system must be configured to prevent users from saving passwords in the Remote Desktop Client. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156
Checks: C-26635r465734_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services\ Value Name: DisablePasswordSaving Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26623r465735_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Remote Desktop Services >> Remote Desktop Connection Client >> "Do not allow passwords to be saved" to "Enabled".

b
Local drives must be prevented from sharing with Remote Desktop Session Hosts.
SC-4 - Medium - CCI-001090 - V-224945 - SV-224945r569186_rule
RMF Control
SC-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001090
Version
WN16-CC-000380
Vuln IDs
  • V-224945
  • V-73569
Rule IDs
  • SV-224945r569186_rule
  • SV-88233
Preventing users from sharing the local drives on their client computers with Remote Session Hosts that they access helps reduce possible exposure of sensitive data.
Checks: C-26636r465737_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services\ Value Name: fDisableCdm Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26624r465738_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Remote Desktop Services >> Remote Desktop Session Host >> Device and Resource Redirection >> "Do not allow drive redirection" to "Enabled".

b
Remote Desktop Services must always prompt a client for passwords upon connection.
IA-11 - Medium - CCI-002038 - V-224946 - SV-224946r852333_rule
RMF Control
IA-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002038
Version
WN16-CC-000390
Vuln IDs
  • V-224946
  • V-73571
Rule IDs
  • SV-224946r852333_rule
  • SV-88235
This setting controls the ability of users to supply passwords automatically as part of their remote desktop connection. Disabling this setting would allow anyone to use the stored credentials in a connection item to connect to the terminal server. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156
Checks: C-26637r465740_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services\ Value Name: fPromptForPassword Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26625r465741_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Remote Desktop Services >> Remote Desktop Session Host >> Security >> "Always prompt for password upon connection" to "Enabled".

b
The Remote Desktop Session Host must require secure Remote Procedure Call (RPC) communications.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-001453 - V-224947 - SV-224947r877394_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001453
Version
WN16-CC-000400
Vuln IDs
  • V-224947
  • V-73573
Rule IDs
  • SV-224947r877394_rule
  • SV-88237
Allowing unsecure RPC communication exposes the system to man-in-the-middle attacks and data disclosure attacks. A man-in-the-middle attack occurs when an intruder captures packets between a client and server and modifies them before allowing the packets to be exchanged. Usually the attacker will modify the information in the packets in an attempt to cause either the client or server to reveal sensitive information.
Checks: C-26638r465743_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services\ Value Name: fEncryptRPCTraffic Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26626r465744_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Remote Desktop Services >> Remote Desktop Session Host >> Security >> "Require secure RPC communication" to "Enabled".

b
Remote Desktop Services must be configured with the client connection encryption set to High Level.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-001453 - V-224948 - SV-224948r877394_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001453
Version
WN16-CC-000410
Vuln IDs
  • V-224948
  • V-73575
Rule IDs
  • SV-224948r877394_rule
  • SV-88239
Remote connections must be encrypted to prevent interception of data or sensitive information. Selecting "High Level" will ensure encryption of Remote Desktop Services sessions in both directions.
Checks: C-26639r465746_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services\ Value Name: MinEncryptionLevel Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000003 (3)

Fix: F-26627r465747_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Remote Desktop Services >> Remote Desktop Session Host >> Security >> "Set client connection encryption level" to "Enabled" with "High Level" selected.

b
Attachments must be prevented from being downloaded from RSS feeds.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224949 - SV-224949r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000420
Vuln IDs
  • V-224949
  • V-73577
Rule IDs
  • SV-224949r569186_rule
  • SV-88241
Attachments from RSS feeds may not be secure. This setting will prevent attachments from being downloaded from RSS feeds.
Checks: C-26640r465749_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Feeds\ Value Name: DisableEnclosureDownload Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26628r465750_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> RSS Feeds >> "Prevent downloading of enclosures" to "Enabled".

b
Basic authentication for RSS feeds over HTTP must not be used.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224951 - SV-224951r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000430
Vuln IDs
  • V-224951
  • V-73579
Rule IDs
  • SV-224951r569186_rule
  • SV-88243
Basic authentication uses plain-text passwords that could be used to compromise a system. Disabling Basic authentication will reduce this potential.
Checks: C-26642r465755_chk

The default behavior is for the Windows RSS platform to not use Basic authentication over HTTP connections. If the registry value name below does not exist, this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "0", this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "1", this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Feeds\ Value Name: AllowBasicAuthInClear Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) (or if the Value Name does not exist)

Fix: F-26630r465756_fix

The default behavior is for the Windows RSS platform to not use Basic authentication over HTTP connections. If this needs to be corrected, configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> RSS Feeds >> "Turn on Basic feed authentication over HTTP" to "Not Configured" or "Disabled".

b
Indexing of encrypted files must be turned off.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224952 - SV-224952r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-CC-000440
Vuln IDs
  • V-224952
  • V-73581
Rule IDs
  • SV-224952r569186_rule
  • SV-88245
Indexing of encrypted files may expose sensitive data. This setting prevents encrypted files from being indexed.
Checks: C-26643r465758_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Search\ Value Name: AllowIndexingEncryptedStoresOrItems Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26631r465759_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Search >> "Allow indexing of encrypted files" to "Disabled".

b
Users must be prevented from changing installation options.
CM-11 - Medium - CCI-001812 - V-224953 - SV-224953r852334_rule
RMF Control
CM-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001812
Version
WN16-CC-000450
Vuln IDs
  • V-224953
  • V-73583
Rule IDs
  • SV-224953r852334_rule
  • SV-88247
Installation options for applications are typically controlled by administrators. This setting prevents users from changing installation options that may bypass security features.
Checks: C-26644r465761_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer\ Value Name: EnableUserControl Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26632r465762_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Installer >> "Allow user control over installs" to "Disabled".

c
The Windows Installer Always install with elevated privileges option must be disabled.
CM-11 - High - CCI-001812 - V-224954 - SV-224954r852335_rule
RMF Control
CM-11
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001812
Version
WN16-CC-000460
Vuln IDs
  • V-224954
  • V-73585
Rule IDs
  • SV-224954r852335_rule
  • SV-88249
Standard user accounts must not be granted elevated privileges. Enabling Windows Installer to elevate privileges when installing applications can allow malicious persons and applications to gain full control of a system.
Checks: C-26645r465764_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer\ Value Name: AlwaysInstallElevated Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26633r465765_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Installer >> "Always install with elevated privileges" to "Disabled".

b
Users must be notified if a web-based program attempts to install software.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224955 - SV-224955r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000470
Vuln IDs
  • V-224955
  • V-73587
Rule IDs
  • SV-224955r569186_rule
  • SV-88251
Web-based programs may attempt to install malicious software on a system. Ensuring users are notified if a web-based program attempts to install software allows them to refuse the installation.
Checks: C-26646r465767_chk

The default behavior is for Internet Explorer to warn users and select whether to allow or refuse installation when a web-based program attempts to install software on the system. If the registry value name below does not exist, this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "0", this is not a finding. If it exists and is configured with a value of "1", this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer\ Value Name: SafeForScripting Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) (or if the Value Name does not exist)

Fix: F-26634r465768_fix

The default behavior is for Internet Explorer to warn users and select whether to allow or refuse installation when a web-based program attempts to install software on the system. If this needs to be corrected, configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Installer >> "Prevent Internet Explorer security prompt for Windows Installer scripts" to "Not Configured" or "Disabled".

b
Automatically signing in the last interactive user after a system-initiated restart must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224956 - SV-224956r877377_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-CC-000480
Vuln IDs
  • V-224956
  • V-73589
Rule IDs
  • SV-224956r877377_rule
  • SV-88253
Windows can be configured to automatically sign the user back in after a Windows Update restart. Some protections are in place to help ensure this is done in a secure fashion; however, disabling this will prevent the caching of credentials for this purpose and also ensure the user is aware of the restart.
Checks: C-26647r465770_chk

Verify the registry value below. If it does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\ Value Name: DisableAutomaticRestartSignOn Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26635r465771_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Logon Options >> "Sign-in last interactive user automatically after a system-initiated restart" to "Disabled".

b
PowerShell script block logging must be enabled.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000135 - V-224957 - SV-224957r569186_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000135
Version
WN16-CC-000490
Vuln IDs
  • V-224957
  • V-73591
Rule IDs
  • SV-224957r569186_rule
  • SV-88255
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Enabling PowerShell script block logging will record detailed information from the processing of PowerShell commands and scripts. This can provide additional detail when malware has run on a system.
Checks: C-26648r465773_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\ Policies\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\ScriptBlockLogging\ Value Name: EnableScriptBlockLogging Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26636r465774_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows PowerShell >> "Turn on PowerShell Script Block Logging" to "Enabled".

c
The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) client must not use Basic authentication.
MA-4 - High - CCI-000877 - V-224958 - SV-224958r877395_rule
RMF Control
MA-4
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000877
Version
WN16-CC-000500
Vuln IDs
  • V-224958
  • V-73593
Rule IDs
  • SV-224958r877395_rule
  • SV-88257
Basic authentication uses plain-text passwords that could be used to compromise a system. Disabling Basic authentication will reduce this potential.
Checks: C-26649r465776_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WinRM\Client\ Value Name: AllowBasic Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26637r465777_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Remote Management (WinRM) >> WinRM Client >> "Allow Basic authentication" to "Disabled".

b
The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) client must not allow unencrypted traffic.
MA-4 - Medium - CCI-002890 - V-224959 - SV-224959r877382_rule
RMF Control
MA-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002890
Version
WN16-CC-000510
Vuln IDs
  • V-224959
  • V-73595
Rule IDs
  • SV-224959r877382_rule
  • SV-88259
Unencrypted remote access to a system can allow sensitive information to be compromised. Windows remote management connections must be encrypted to prevent this. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000393-GPOS-00173, SRG-OS-000394-GPOS-00174
Checks: C-26650r465779_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WinRM\Client\ Value Name: AllowUnencryptedTraffic Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26638r465780_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Remote Management (WinRM) >> WinRM Client >> "Allow unencrypted traffic" to "Disabled".

b
The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) client must not use Digest authentication.
MA-4 - Medium - CCI-000877 - V-224960 - SV-224960r877395_rule
RMF Control
MA-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000877
Version
WN16-CC-000520
Vuln IDs
  • V-224960
  • V-73597
Rule IDs
  • SV-224960r877395_rule
  • SV-88261
Digest authentication is not as strong as other options and may be subject to man-in-the-middle attacks. Disallowing Digest authentication will reduce this potential.
Checks: C-26651r465782_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WinRM\Client\ Value Name: AllowDigest Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26639r465783_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Remote Management (WinRM) >> WinRM Client >> "Disallow Digest authentication" to "Enabled".

c
The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service must not use Basic authentication.
MA-4 - High - CCI-000877 - V-224961 - SV-224961r877395_rule
RMF Control
MA-4
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000877
Version
WN16-CC-000530
Vuln IDs
  • V-224961
  • V-73599
Rule IDs
  • SV-224961r877395_rule
  • SV-88263
Basic authentication uses plain-text passwords that could be used to compromise a system. Disabling Basic authentication will reduce this potential.
Checks: C-26652r465785_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WinRM\Service\ Value Name: AllowBasic Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26640r465786_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Remote Management (WinRM) >> WinRM Service >> "Allow Basic authentication" to "Disabled".

b
The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service must not allow unencrypted traffic.
MA-4 - Medium - CCI-002890 - V-224962 - SV-224962r877382_rule
RMF Control
MA-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002890
Version
WN16-CC-000540
Vuln IDs
  • V-224962
  • V-73601
Rule IDs
  • SV-224962r877382_rule
  • SV-88265
Unencrypted remote access to a system can allow sensitive information to be compromised. Windows remote management connections must be encrypted to prevent this. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000393-GPOS-00173, SRG-OS-000394-GPOS-00174
Checks: C-26653r465788_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WinRM\Service\ Value Name: AllowUnencryptedTraffic Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26641r465789_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Remote Management (WinRM) >> WinRM Service >> "Allow unencrypted traffic" to "Disabled".

b
The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service must not store RunAs credentials.
IA-11 - Medium - CCI-002038 - V-224963 - SV-224963r852338_rule
RMF Control
IA-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002038
Version
WN16-CC-000550
Vuln IDs
  • V-224963
  • V-73603
Rule IDs
  • SV-224963r852338_rule
  • SV-88267
Storage of administrative credentials could allow unauthorized access. Disallowing the storage of RunAs credentials for Windows Remote Management will prevent them from being used with plug-ins. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156
Checks: C-26654r465791_chk

If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WinRM\Service\ Value Name: DisableRunAs Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26642r465792_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Remote Management (WinRM) >> WinRM Service >> "Disallow WinRM from storing RunAs credentials" to "Enabled".

c
Only administrators responsible for the domain controller must have Administrator rights on the system.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-224964 - SV-224964r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-224964
  • V-73219
Rule IDs
  • SV-224964r877392_rule
  • SV-87871
An account that does not have Administrator duties must not have Administrator rights. Such rights would allow the account to bypass or modify required security restrictions on that machine and make it vulnerable to attack. System administrators must log on to systems using only accounts with the minimum level of authority necessary. Standard user accounts must not be members of the built-in Administrators group.
Checks: C-26655r465794_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Review the Administrators group. Only the appropriate administrator groups or accounts responsible for administration of the system may be members of the group. Standard user accounts must not be members of the local administrator group. If prohibited accounts are members of the local administrators group, this is a finding. If the built-in Administrator account or other required administrative accounts are found on the system, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-26643r465795_fix

Configure the Administrators group to include only administrator groups or accounts that are responsible for the system. Remove any standard user accounts.

b
Kerberos user logon restrictions must be enforced.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-001941 - V-224965 - SV-224965r852340_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001941
Version
WN16-DC-000020
Vuln IDs
  • V-224965
  • V-73359
Rule IDs
  • SV-224965r852340_rule
  • SV-88011
This policy setting determines whether the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) validates every request for a session ticket against the user rights policy of the target computer. The policy is enabled by default, which is the most secure setting for validating that access to target resources is not circumvented. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000112-GPOS-00057, SRG-OS-000113-GPOS-00058
Checks: C-26656r465797_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the following is configured in the Default Domain Policy. Open "Group Policy Management". Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the Domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). Right-click on the "Default Domain Policy". Select "Edit". Navigate to Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy. If the "Enforce user logon restrictions" is not set to "Enabled", this is a finding.

Fix: F-26644r465798_fix

Configure the policy value in the Default Domain Policy for Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy >> "Enforce user logon restrictions" to "Enabled".

b
The Kerberos service ticket maximum lifetime must be limited to 600 minutes or less.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-001941 - V-224966 - SV-224966r852341_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001941
Version
WN16-DC-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-224966
  • V-73361
Rule IDs
  • SV-224966r852341_rule
  • SV-88013
This setting determines the maximum amount of time (in minutes) that a granted session ticket can be used to access a particular service. Session tickets are used only to authenticate new connections with servers. Ongoing operations are not interrupted if the session ticket used to authenticate the connection expires during the connection. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000112-GPOS-00057, SRG-OS-000113-GPOS-00058
Checks: C-26657r465800_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the following is configured in the Default Domain Policy. Open "Group Policy Management". Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the Domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). Right-click on the "Default Domain Policy". Select "Edit". Navigate to Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy. If the value for "Maximum lifetime for service ticket" is "0" or greater than "600" minutes, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26645r465801_fix

Configure the policy value in the Default Domain Policy for Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy >> "Maximum lifetime for service ticket" to a maximum of "600" minutes, but not "0", which equates to "Ticket doesn't expire".

b
The Kerberos user ticket lifetime must be limited to 10 hours or less.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-001941 - V-224967 - SV-224967r852342_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001941
Version
WN16-DC-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-224967
  • V-73363
Rule IDs
  • SV-224967r852342_rule
  • SV-88015
In Kerberos, there are two types of tickets: Ticket Granting Tickets (TGTs) and Service Tickets. Kerberos tickets have a limited lifetime so the time an attacker has to implement an attack is limited. This policy controls how long TGTs can be renewed. With Kerberos, the user's initial authentication to the domain controller results in a TGT, which is then used to request Service Tickets to resources. Upon startup, each computer gets a TGT before requesting a service ticket to the domain controller and any other computers it needs to access. For services that start up under a specified user account, users must always get a TGT first and then get Service Tickets to all computers and services accessed. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000112-GPOS-00057, SRG-OS-000113-GPOS-00058
Checks: C-26658r465803_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the following is configured in the Default Domain Policy. Open "Group Policy Management". Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the Domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). Right-click on the "Default Domain Policy". Select "Edit". Navigate to Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy. If the value for "Maximum lifetime for user ticket" is "0" or greater than "10" hours, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26646r465804_fix

Configure the policy value in the Default Domain Policy for Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy >> "Maximum lifetime for user ticket" to a maximum of "10" hours but not "0", which equates to "Ticket doesn't expire".

b
The Kerberos policy user ticket renewal maximum lifetime must be limited to seven days or less.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-001941 - V-224968 - SV-224968r852343_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001941
Version
WN16-DC-000050
Vuln IDs
  • V-224968
  • V-73365
Rule IDs
  • SV-224968r852343_rule
  • SV-88017
This setting determines the period of time (in days) during which a user's Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) may be renewed. This security configuration limits the amount of time an attacker has to crack the TGT and gain access. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000112-GPOS-00057, SRG-OS-000113-GPOS-00058
Checks: C-26659r465806_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the following is configured in the Default Domain Policy. Open "Group Policy Management". Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the Domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). Right-click on the "Default Domain Policy". Select "Edit". Navigate to Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy. If the "Maximum lifetime for user ticket renewal" is greater than "7" days, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26647r465807_fix

Configure the policy value in the Default Domain Policy for Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy >> "Maximum lifetime for user ticket renewal" to a maximum of "7" days or less.

b
The computer clock synchronization tolerance must be limited to 5 minutes or less.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-001941 - V-224969 - SV-224969r852344_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001941
Version
WN16-DC-000060
Vuln IDs
  • V-224969
  • V-73367
Rule IDs
  • SV-224969r852344_rule
  • SV-88019
This setting determines the maximum time difference (in minutes) that Kerberos will tolerate between the time on a client's clock and the time on a server's clock while still considering the two clocks synchronous. In order to prevent replay attacks, Kerberos uses timestamps as part of its protocol definition. For timestamps to work properly, the clocks of the client and the server need to be in sync as much as possible. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000112-GPOS-00057, SRG-OS-000113-GPOS-00058
Checks: C-26660r465809_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the following is configured in the Default Domain Policy. Open "Group Policy Management". Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the Domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). Right-click on the "Default Domain Policy". Select "Edit". Navigate to Computer Configuration >> Policies >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy. If the "Maximum tolerance for computer clock synchronization" is greater than "5" minutes, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26648r465810_fix

Configure the policy value in the Default Domain Policy for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Account Policies >> Kerberos Policy >> "Maximum tolerance for computer clock synchronization" to a maximum of "5" minutes or less.

c
Permissions on the Active Directory data files must only allow System and Administrators access.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-224970 - SV-224970r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000070
Vuln IDs
  • V-224970
  • V-73369
Rule IDs
  • SV-224970r877392_rule
  • SV-88021
Improper access permissions for directory data-related files could allow unauthorized users to read, modify, or delete directory data or audit trails.
Checks: C-26661r465812_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Run "Regedit". Navigate to "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters". Note the directory locations in the values for: Database log files path DSA Database file By default, they will be \Windows\NTDS. If the locations are different, the following will need to be run for each. Open "Command Prompt (Admin)". Navigate to the NTDS directory (\Windows\NTDS by default). Run "icacls *.*". If the permissions on each file are not as restrictive as the following, this is a finding. NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(I)(F) BUILTIN\Administrators:(I)(F) (I) - permission inherited from parent container (F) - full access

Fix: F-26649r465813_fix

Maintain the permissions on NTDS database and log files as follows: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(I)(F) BUILTIN\Administrators:(I)(F) (I) - permission inherited from parent container (F) - full access

c
The Active Directory SYSVOL directory must have the proper access control permissions.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-224971 - SV-224971r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000080
Vuln IDs
  • V-224971
  • V-73371
Rule IDs
  • SV-224971r877392_rule
  • SV-88023
Improper access permissions for directory data files could allow unauthorized users to read, modify, or delete directory data. The SYSVOL directory contains public files (to the domain) such as policies and logon scripts. Data in shared subdirectories are replicated to all domain controllers in a domain.
Checks: C-26662r852346_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Open a command prompt. Run "net share". Make note of the directory location of the SYSVOL share. By default, this will be \Windows\SYSVOL\sysvol. For this requirement, permissions will be verified at the first SYSVOL directory level. If any standard user accounts or groups have greater than "Read & execute" permissions, this is a finding. The default permissions noted below meet this requirement. Open "Command Prompt". Run "icacls c:\Windows\SYSVOL". The following results should be displayed: NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users:(RX) NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) BUILTIN\Server Operators:(RX) BUILTIN\Server Operators:(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) BUILTIN\Administrators:(M,WDAC,WO) BUILTIN\Administrators:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(F) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTIN\Administrators:(M,WDAC,WO) CREATOR OWNER:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) (RX) - Read & execute Run "icacls /help" to view definitions of other permission codes.

Fix: F-26650r465816_fix

Maintain the permissions on the SYSVOL directory. Do not allow greater than "Read & execute" permissions for standard user accounts or groups. The defaults below meet this requirement. C:\Windows\SYSVOL Type - "Allow" for all Inherited from - "None" for all Principal - Access - Applies to Authenticated Users - Read & execute - This folder, subfolder, and files Server Operators - Read & execute- This folder, subfolder, and files Administrators - Special - This folder only (Special = Basic Permissions: all selected except Full control) CREATOR OWNER - Full control - Subfolders and files only Administrators - Full control - Subfolders and files only SYSTEM - Full control - This folder, subfolders, and files

c
Active Directory Group Policy objects must have proper access control permissions.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-224972 - SV-224972r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000090
Vuln IDs
  • V-224972
  • V-73373
Rule IDs
  • SV-224972r877392_rule
  • SV-88025
When directory service database objects do not have appropriate access control permissions, it may be possible for malicious users to create, read, update, or delete the objects and degrade or destroy the integrity of the data. When the directory service is used for identification, authentication, or authorization functions, a compromise of the database objects could lead to a compromise of all systems relying on the directory service. For Active Directory (AD), the Group Policy objects require special attention. In a distributed administration model (i.e., help desk), Group Policy objects are more likely to have access permissions changed from the secure defaults. If inappropriate access permissions are defined for Group Policy objects, this could allow an intruder to change the security policy applied to all domain client computers (workstations and servers).
Checks: C-26663r465818_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the permissions on Group Policy objects. Open "Group Policy Management" (available from various menus or run "gpmc.msc"). Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). For each Group Policy object: Select the Group Policy object item in the left pane. Select the "Delegation" tab in the right pane. Select the "Advanced" button. Select each Group or user name. View the permissions. If any standard user accounts or groups have "Allow" permissions greater than "Read" and "Apply group policy", this is a finding. Other access permissions that allow the objects to be updated are considered findings unless specifically documented by the ISSO. The default permissions noted below satisfy this requirement. The permissions shown are at the summary level. More detailed permissions can be viewed by selecting the next "Advanced" button, the desired Permission entry, and the "Edit" button. Authenticated Users - Read, Apply group policy, Special permissions The special permissions for Authenticated Users are for Read-type Properties. If detailed permissions include any Create, Delete, Modify, or Write Permissions or Properties, this is a finding. The special permissions for the following default groups are not the focus of this requirement and may include a wide range of permissions and properties. CREATOR OWNER - Special permissions SYSTEM - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Delete all child objects, Special permissions Domain Admins - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Delete all child objects, Special permissions Enterprise Admins - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Delete all child objects, Special permissions ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS - Read, Special permissions The Domain Admins and Enterprise Admins will not have the "Delete all child objects" permission on the two default Group Policy objects: Default Domain Policy and Default Domain Controllers Policy. They will have this permission on organization created Group Policy objects.

Fix: F-26651r465819_fix

Maintain the permissions on Group Policy objects to not allow greater than "Read" and "Apply group policy" for standard user accounts or groups. The default permissions below meet this requirement. Authenticated Users - Read, Apply group policy, Special permissions The special permissions for Authenticated Users are for Read-type Properties. CREATOR OWNER - Special permissions SYSTEM - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Delete all child objects, Special permissions Domain Admins - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Delete all child objects, Special permissions Enterprise Admins - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Delete all child objects, Special permissions ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS - Read, Special permissions Document any other access permissions that allow the objects to be updated with the ISSO. The Domain Admins and Enterprise Admins will not have the "Delete all child objects" permission on the two default Group Policy objects: Default Domain Policy and Default Domain Controllers Policy. They will have this permission on created Group Policy objects.

c
The Active Directory Domain Controllers Organizational Unit (OU) object must have the proper access control permissions.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-224973 - SV-224973r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000100
Vuln IDs
  • V-224973
  • V-73375
Rule IDs
  • SV-224973r877392_rule
  • SV-88027
When Active Directory objects do not have appropriate access control permissions, it may be possible for malicious users to create, read, update, or delete the objects and degrade or destroy the integrity of the data. When the directory service is used for identification, authentication, or authorization functions, a compromise of the database objects could lead to a compromise of all systems that rely on the directory service. The Domain Controllers OU object requires special attention as the Domain Controllers are central to the configuration and management of the domain. Inappropriate access permissions defined for the Domain Controllers OU could allow an intruder or unauthorized personnel to make changes that could lead to the compromise of the domain.
Checks: C-26664r465821_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the permissions on the Domain Controllers OU. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Select "Advanced Features" in the "View" menu if not previously selected. Select the "Domain Controllers" OU (folder in folder icon). Right-click and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. If the permissions on the Domain Controllers OU do not restrict changes to System, Domain Admins, Enterprise Admins and Administrators, this is a finding. The default permissions listed below satisfy this requirement. Domains supporting Microsoft Exchange will have additional Exchange related permissions on the Domain Controllers OU. These may include some change related permissions and are not a finding. The permissions shown are at the summary level. More detailed permissions can be viewed by selecting the "Advanced" button, the desired Permission entry, and the "View" or "Edit" button. Except where noted otherwise, the special permissions may include a wide range of permissions and properties and are acceptable for this requirement. CREATOR OWNER - Special permissions SELF - Special permissions Authenticated Users - Read, Special permissions The special permissions for Authenticated Users are Read types. If detailed permissions include any Create, Delete, Modify, or Write Permissions or Properties, this is a finding. SYSTEM - Full Control Domain Admins - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Generate resultant set of policy (logging), Generate resultant set of policy (planning), Special permissions Enterprise Admins - Full Control Key Admins - Special permissions Enterprise Key Admins - Special permissions Administrators - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Generate resultant set of policy (logging), Generate resultant set of policy (planning), Special permissions Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access - Special permissions The Special permissions for Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access are Read types. If detailed permissions include any Create, Delete, Modify, or Write Permissions or Properties, this is a finding. ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS - Read, Special permissions

Fix: F-26652r465822_fix

Limit the permissions on the Domain Controllers OU to restrict changes to System, Domain Admins, Enterprise Admins and Administrators. The default permissions listed below satisfy this requirement. Domains supporting Microsoft Exchange will have additional Exchange related permissions on the Domain Controllers OU. These may include some change related permissions. CREATOR OWNER - Special permissions SELF - Special permissions Authenticated Users - Read, Special permissions The special permissions for Authenticated Users are Read types. SYSTEM - Full Control Domain Admins - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Generate resultant set of policy (logging), Generate resultant set of policy (planning), Special permissions Enterprise Admins - Full Control Key Admins - Special permissions Enterprise Key Admins - Special permissions Administrators - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Generate resultant set of policy (logging), Generate resultant set of policy (planning), Special permissions Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access - Special permissions The special permissions for Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access are Read types. ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS - Read, Special permissions

c
Domain-created Active Directory Organizational Unit (OU) objects must have proper access control permissions.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-224974 - SV-224974r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000110
Vuln IDs
  • V-224974
  • V-73377
Rule IDs
  • SV-224974r877392_rule
  • SV-88029
When directory service database objects do not have appropriate access control permissions, it may be possible for malicious users to create, read, update, or delete the objects and degrade or destroy the integrity of the data. When the directory service is used for identification, authentication, or authorization functions, a compromise of the database objects could lead to a compromise of all systems that rely on the directory service. For Active Directory, the OU objects require special attention. In a distributed administration model (i.e., help desk), OU objects are more likely to have access permissions changed from the secure defaults. If inappropriate access permissions are defined for OU objects, it could allow an intruder to add or delete users in the OU. This could result in unauthorized access to data or a denial of service to authorized users.
Checks: C-26665r465824_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the permissions on domain-defined OUs. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. For each OU that is defined (folder in folder icon) excluding the Domain Controllers OU: Right-click the OU and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. If the permissions on the OU are not at least as restrictive as those below, this is a finding. The permissions shown are at the summary level. More detailed permissions can be viewed by selecting the "Advanced" button, the desired Permission entry, and the "Edit" or "View" button. Except where noted otherwise, the special permissions may include a wide range of permissions and properties and are acceptable for this requirement. CREATOR OWNER - Special permissions Self - Special permissions Authenticated Users - Read, Special permissions The Special permissions for Authenticated Users are Read type. If detailed permissions include any Create, Delete, Modify, or Write Permissions or Properties, this is a finding. SYSTEM - Full Control Domain Admins - Full Control Enterprise Admins - Full Control Key Admins - Special permissions Enterprise Key Admins - Special permissions Administrators - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Generate resultant set of policy (logging), Generate resultant set of policy (planning), Special permissions Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access - Special permissions The Special permissions for Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access are for Read types. If detailed permissions include any Create, Delete, Modify, or Write Permissions or Properties, this is a finding. ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS - Read, Special permissions If an ISSO-approved distributed administration model (help desk or other user support staff) is implemented, permissions above Read may be allowed for groups documented by the ISSO. If any OU with improper permissions includes identification or authentication data (e.g., accounts, passwords, or password hash data) used by systems to determine access control, the severity is CAT I (e.g., OUs that include user accounts, including service/application accounts). If an OU with improper permissions does not include identification and authentication data used by systems to determine access control, the severity is CAT II (e.g., Workstation, Printer OUs).

Fix: F-26653r465825_fix

Maintain the permissions on domain-defined OUs to be at least as restrictive as the defaults below. Document any additional permissions above Read with the ISSO if an approved distributed administration model (help desk or other user support staff) is implemented. CREATOR OWNER - Special permissions Self - Special permissions Authenticated Users - Read, Special permissions The special permissions for Authenticated Users are Read type. SYSTEM - Full Control Domain Admins - Full Control Enterprise Admins - Full Control Key Admins - Special permissions Enterprise Key Admins - Special permissions Administrators - Read, Write, Create all child objects, Generate resultant set of policy (logging), Generate resultant set of policy (planning), Special permissions Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access - Special permissions The special permissions for Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access are for Read types. ENTERPRISE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS - Read, Special permissions

b
Data files owned by users must be on a different logical partition from the directory server data files.
SC-4 - Medium - CCI-001090 - V-224975 - SV-224975r569186_rule
RMF Control
SC-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001090
Version
WN16-DC-000120
Vuln IDs
  • V-224975
  • V-73379
Rule IDs
  • SV-224975r569186_rule
  • SV-88031
When directory service data files, especially for directories used for identification, authentication, or authorization, reside on the same logical partition as user-owned files, the directory service data may be more vulnerable to unauthorized access or other availability compromises. Directory service and user-owned data files sharing a partition may be configured with less restrictive permissions in order to allow access to the user data. The directory service may be vulnerable to a denial of service attack when user-owned files on a common partition are expanded to an extent preventing the directory service from acquiring more space for directory or audit data.
Checks: C-26666r465827_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Run "Regedit". Navigate to "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters". Note the directory locations in the values for "DSA Database file". Open "Command Prompt". Enter "net share". Note the logical drive(s) or file system partition for any organization-created data shares. Ignore system shares (e.g., NETLOGON, SYSVOL, and administrative shares ending in $). User shares that are hidden (ending with $) should not be ignored. If user shares are located on the same logical partition as the directory server data files, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26654r465828_fix

Move shares used to store files owned by users to a different logical partition than the directory server data files.

b
Domain controllers must run on a machine dedicated to that function.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-224976 - SV-224976r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-DC-000130
Vuln IDs
  • V-224976
  • V-73381
Rule IDs
  • SV-224976r569186_rule
  • SV-88033
Executing application servers on the same host machine with a directory server may substantially weaken the security of the directory server. Web or database server applications usually require the addition of many programs and accounts, increasing the attack surface of the computer. Some applications require the addition of privileged accounts, providing potential sources of compromise. Some applications (such as Microsoft Exchange) may require the use of network ports or services conflicting with the directory server. In this case, non-standard ports might be selected, and this could interfere with intrusion detection or prevention services.
Checks: C-26667r465830_chk

This applies to domain controllers, It is NA for other systems. Review the installed roles the domain controller is supporting. Start "Server Manager". Select "AD DS" in the left pane and the server name under "Servers" to the right. Select "Add (or Remove) Roles and Features" from "Tasks" in the "Roles and Features" section. (Cancel before any changes are made.) Determine if any additional server roles are installed. A basic domain controller setup will include the following: - Active Directory Domain Services - DNS Server - File and Storage Services If any roles not requiring installation on a domain controller are installed, this is a finding. A Domain Name System (DNS) server integrated with the directory server (e.g., AD-integrated DNS) is an acceptable application. However, the DNS server must comply with the DNS STIG security requirements. Run "Programs and Features". Review installed applications. If any applications are installed that are not required for the domain controller, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26655r465831_fix

Remove additional roles or applications such as web, database, and email from the domain controller.

b
Separate, NSA-approved (Type 1) cryptography must be used to protect the directory data in transit for directory service implementations at a classified confidentiality level when replication data traverses a network cleared to a lower level than the data.
SC-13 - Medium - CCI-002450 - V-224977 - SV-224977r878117_rule
RMF Control
SC-13
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002450
Version
WN16-DC-000140
Vuln IDs
  • V-224977
  • V-73383
Rule IDs
  • SV-224977r878117_rule
  • SV-88035
Directory data that is not appropriately encrypted is subject to compromise. Commercial-grade encryption does not provide adequate protection when the classification level of directory data in transit is higher than the level of the network.
Checks: C-26668r465833_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the organization network diagram(s) or documentation to determine the level of classification for the network(s) over which replication data is transmitted. Determine the classification level of the Windows domain controller. If the classification level of the Windows domain controller is higher than the level of the networks, review the organization network diagram(s) and directory implementation documentation to determine if NSA-approved encryption is used to protect the replication network traffic. If the classification level of the Windows domain controller is higher than the level of the network traversed and NSA-approved encryption is not used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26656r465834_fix

Configure NSA-approved (Type 1) cryptography to protect the directory data in transit for directory service implementations at a classified confidentiality level that transfer replication data through a network cleared to a lower level than the data.

c
Directory data (outside the root DSE) of a non-public directory must be configured to prevent anonymous access.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-224978 - SV-224978r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-DC-000150
Vuln IDs
  • V-224978
  • V-73385
Rule IDs
  • SV-224978r569186_rule
  • SV-88037
To the extent that anonymous access to directory data (outside the root DSE) is permitted, read access control of the data is effectively disabled. If other means of controlling access (such as network restrictions) are compromised, there may be nothing else to protect the confidentiality of sensitive directory data.
Checks: C-26669r465836_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Open "Command Prompt" (not elevated). Run "ldp.exe". From the "Connection menu", select "Bind". Clear the User, Password, and Domain fields. Select "Simple bind" for the Bind type and click "OK". Confirmation of anonymous access will be displayed at the end: res = ldap_simple_bind_s Authenticated as: 'NT AUTHORITY\ANONYMOUS LOGON' From the "Browse" menu, select "Search". In the Search dialog, enter the DN of the domain naming context (generally something like "dc=disaost,dc=mil") in the Base DN field. Clear the Attributes field and select "Run". Error messages should display related to Bind and user not authenticated. If attribute data is displayed, anonymous access is enabled to the domain naming context and this is a finding. The following network controls allow the finding severity to be downgraded to a CAT II since these measures lower the risk associated with anonymous access. Network hardware ports at the site are subject to 802.1x authentication or MAC address restrictions. Premise firewall or host restrictions prevent access to ports 389, 636, 3268, and 3269 from client hosts not explicitly identified by domain (.mil) or IP address.

Fix: F-26657r465837_fix

Configure directory data (outside the root DSE) of a non-public directory to prevent anonymous access. For AD, there are multiple configuration items that could enable anonymous access. Changing the access permissions on the domain naming context object (from the secure defaults) could enable anonymous access. If the check procedures indicate this is the cause, the process that was used to change the permissions should be reversed. This could have been through the Windows Support Tools ADSI Edit console (adsiedit.msc). The dsHeuristics option is used. This is addressed in check V-8555 in the AD Forest STIG.

a
The directory service must be configured to terminate LDAP-based network connections to the directory server after 5 minutes of inactivity.
SC-10 - Low - CCI-001133 - V-224979 - SV-224979r569186_rule
RMF Control
SC-10
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-001133
Version
WN16-DC-000160
Vuln IDs
  • V-224979
  • V-73387
Rule IDs
  • SV-224979r569186_rule
  • SV-88039
The failure to terminate inactive network connections increases the risk of a successful attack on the directory server. The longer an established session is in progress, the more time an attacker has to hijack the session, implement a means to passively intercept data, or compromise any protections on client access. For example, if an attacker gains control of a client computer, an existing (already authenticated) session with the directory server could allow access to the directory. The lack of confidentiality protection in LDAP-based sessions increases exposure to this vulnerability.
Checks: C-26670r465839_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "ntdsutil". At the "ntdsutil:" prompt, enter "LDAP policies". At the "ldap policy:" prompt, enter "connections". At the "server connections:" prompt, enter "connect to server [host-name]" (where [host-name] is the computer name of the domain controller). At the "server connections:" prompt, enter "q". At the "ldap policy:" prompt, enter "show values". If the value for MaxConnIdleTime is greater than "300" (5 minutes) or is not specified, this is a finding. Enter "q" at the "ldap policy:" and "ntdsutil:" prompts to exit. Alternately, Dsquery can be used to display MaxConnIdleTime: Open "Command Prompt (Admin)". Enter the following command (on a single line). dsquery * "cn=Default Query Policy,cn=Query-Policies,cn=Directory Service, cn=Windows NT,cn=Services,cn=Configuration,dc=[forest-name]" -attr LDAPAdminLimits The quotes are required and dc=[forest-name] is the fully qualified LDAP name of the domain being reviewed (e.g., dc=disaost,dc=mil). If the results do not specify a "MaxConnIdleTime" or it has a value greater than "300" (5 minutes), this is a finding.

Fix: F-26658r465840_fix

Configure the directory service to terminate LDAP-based network connections to the directory server after 5 minutes of inactivity. Open an elevated "Command prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "ntdsutil". At the "ntdsutil:" prompt, enter "LDAP policies". At the "ldap policy:" prompt, enter "connections". At the "server connections:" prompt, enter "connect to server [host-name]" (where [host-name] is the computer name of the domain controller). At the "server connections:" prompt, enter "q". At the "ldap policy:" prompt, enter "Set MaxConnIdleTime to 300". Enter "Commit Changes" to save. Enter "Show values" to verify changes. Enter "q" at the "ldap policy:" and "ntdsutil:" prompts to exit.

b
Active Directory Group Policy objects must be configured with proper audit settings.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224980 - SV-224980r852352_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000170
Vuln IDs
  • V-224980
  • V-73389
Rule IDs
  • SV-224980r852352_rule
  • SV-88041
When inappropriate audit settings are configured for directory service database objects, it may be possible for a user or process to update the data without generating any tracking data. The impact of missing audit data is related to the type of object. A failure to capture audit data for objects used by identification, authentication, or authorization functions could degrade or eliminate the ability to track changes to access policy for systems or data. For Active Directory (AD), there are a number of critical object types in the domain naming context of the AD database for which auditing is essential. This includes Group Policy objects. Because changes to these objects can significantly impact access controls or the availability of systems, the absence of auditing data makes it impossible to identify the source of changes that impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems throughout an AD domain. The lack of proper auditing can result in insufficient forensic evidence needed to investigate an incident and prosecute the intruder. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26671r465842_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the auditing configuration for all Group Policy objects. Open "Group Policy Management" (available from various menus or run "gpmc.msc"). Navigate to "Group Policy Objects" in the domain being reviewed (Forest >> Domains >> Domain). For each Group Policy object: Select the Group Policy object item in the left pane. Select the "Delegation" tab in the right pane. Select the "Advanced" button. Select the "Advanced" button again and then the "Auditing" tab. If the audit settings for any Group Policy object are not at least as inclusive as those below, this is a finding. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Applies to - This object and all descendant objects or Descendant groupPolicyContainer objects The three Success types listed below are defaults inherited from the Parent Object. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special (Permissions: Write all properties, Modify permissions; Properties: all "Write" type selected) Inherited from - Parent Object Applies to - Descendant groupPolicyContainer objects Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - blank (Permissions: none selected; Properties: one instance - Write gPLink, one instance - Write gPOptions) Inherited from - Parent Object Applies to - Descendant Organization Unit Objects

Fix: F-26659r465843_fix

Configure the audit settings for Group Policy objects to include the following. This can be done at the Policy level in Active Directory to apply to all group policies. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Select "Advanced Features" from the "View" Menu. Navigate to [Domain] >> System >> Policies in the left panel. Right click "Policies", select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button. Select the "Auditing" tab. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Applies to - This object and all descendant objects or Descendant groupPolicyContainer objects The three Success types listed below are defaults inherited from the Parent Object. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special (Permissions: Write all properties, Modify permissions; Properties: all "Write" type selected) Inherited from - Parent Object Applies to - Descendant groupPolicyContainer objects Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - blank (Permissions: none selected; Properties: one instance - Write gPLink, one instance - Write gPOptions) Inherited from - Parent Object Applies to - Descendant Organization Unit Objects

b
The Active Directory Domain object must be configured with proper audit settings.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224981 - SV-224981r852353_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000180
Vuln IDs
  • V-224981
  • V-73391
Rule IDs
  • SV-224981r852353_rule
  • SV-88043
When inappropriate audit settings are configured for directory service database objects, it may be possible for a user or process to update the data without generating any tracking data. The impact of missing audit data is related to the type of object. A failure to capture audit data for objects used by identification, authentication, or authorization functions could degrade or eliminate the ability to track changes to access policy for systems or data. For Active Directory (AD), there are a number of critical object types in the domain naming context of the AD database for which auditing is essential. This includes the Domain object. Because changes to these objects can significantly impact access controls or the availability of systems, the absence of auditing data makes it impossible to identify the source of changes that impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems throughout an AD domain. The lack of proper auditing can result in insufficient forensic evidence needed to investigate an incident and prosecute the intruder. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26672r465845_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the auditing configuration for the Domain object. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the domain name and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. If the audit settings on the Domain object are not at least as inclusive as those below, this is a finding. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - None Applies to - Special Type - Success Principal - Domain Users Access - All extended rights Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only Type - Success Principal - Administrators Access - All extended rights Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only (Access - Special = Permissions: Write all properties, Modify permissions, Modify owner)

Fix: F-26660r465846_fix

Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the domain name and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. Configure the audit settings for Domain object to include the following. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - None Applies to - Special Type - Success Principal - Domain Users Access - All extended rights Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only Type - Success Principal - Administrators Access - All extended rights Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only (Access - Special = Permissions: Write all properties, Modify permissions, Modify owner.)

b
The Active Directory Infrastructure object must be configured with proper audit settings.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224982 - SV-224982r852354_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000190
Vuln IDs
  • V-224982
  • V-73393
Rule IDs
  • SV-224982r852354_rule
  • SV-88045
When inappropriate audit settings are configured for directory service database objects, it may be possible for a user or process to update the data without generating any tracking data. The impact of missing audit data is related to the type of object. A failure to capture audit data for objects used by identification, authentication, or authorization functions could degrade or eliminate the ability to track changes to access policy for systems or data. For Active Directory (AD), there are a number of critical object types in the domain naming context of the AD database for which auditing is essential. This includes the Infrastructure object. Because changes to these objects can significantly impact access controls or the availability of systems, the absence of auditing data makes it impossible to identify the source of changes that impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems throughout an AD domain. The lack of proper auditing can result in insufficient forensic evidence needed to investigate an incident and prosecute the intruder. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26673r465848_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the auditing configuration for Infrastructure object. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "Infrastructure" object in the right pane and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. If the audit settings on the Infrastructure object are not at least as inclusive as those below, this is a finding. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None (Access - Special = Permissions: Write all properties, All extended rights, Change infrastructure master) Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain)

Fix: F-26661r465849_fix

Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "Infrastructure" object in the right pane and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. Configure the audit settings for Infrastructure object to include the following. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None (Access - Special = Permissions: Write all properties, All extended rights, Change infrastructure master) Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain)

b
The Active Directory Domain Controllers Organizational Unit (OU) object must be configured with proper audit settings.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224983 - SV-224983r852355_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000200
Vuln IDs
  • V-224983
  • V-73395
Rule IDs
  • SV-224983r852355_rule
  • SV-88047
When inappropriate audit settings are configured for directory service database objects, it may be possible for a user or process to update the data without generating any tracking data. The impact of missing audit data is related to the type of object. A failure to capture audit data for objects used by identification, authentication, or authorization functions could degrade or eliminate the ability to track changes to access policy for systems or data. For Active Directory (AD), there are a number of critical object types in the domain naming context of the AD database for which auditing is essential. This includes the Domain Controller OU object. Because changes to these objects can significantly impact access controls or the availability of systems, the absence of auditing data makes it impossible to identify the source of changes that impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems throughout an AD domain. The lack of proper auditing can result in insufficient forensic evidence needed to investigate an incident and prosecute the intruder. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26674r465851_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the auditing configuration for the Domain Controller OU object. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select the "Domain Controllers OU" under the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "Domain Controllers OU" object and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. If the audit settings on the Domain Controllers OU object are not at least as inclusive as those below, this is a finding. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None Applies to - This object and all descendant objects The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only (Access - Special = Permissions: all create, delete and modify permissions) Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Write all properties Inherited from - None Applies to - This object and all descendant objects Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain) Applies to - Descendant Organizational Unit objects

Fix: F-26662r465852_fix

Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select the "Domain Controllers OU" under the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "Domain Controllers OU" object and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. Configure the audit settings for Domain Controllers OU object to include the following. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only (Access - Special = Permissions: all create, delete and modify permissions) Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Write all properties Inherited from - None Applies to - This object and all descendant objects Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain) Applies to - Descendant Organizational Unit objects

b
The Active Directory AdminSDHolder object must be configured with proper audit settings.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224984 - SV-224984r852356_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000210
Vuln IDs
  • V-224984
  • V-73397
Rule IDs
  • SV-224984r852356_rule
  • SV-88049
When inappropriate audit settings are configured for directory service database objects, it may be possible for a user or process to update the data without generating any tracking data. The impact of missing audit data is related to the type of object. A failure to capture audit data for objects used by identification, authentication, or authorization functions could degrade or eliminate the ability to track changes to access policy for systems or data. For Active Directory (AD), there are a number of critical object types in the domain naming context of the AD database for which auditing is essential. This includes the AdminSDHolder object. Because changes to these objects can significantly impact access controls or the availability of systems, the absence of auditing data makes it impossible to identify the source of changes that impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems throughout an AD domain. The lack of proper auditing can result in insufficient forensic evidence needed to investigate an incident and prosecute the intruder. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26675r465854_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the auditing configuration for the "AdminSDHolder" object. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select "System" under the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "AdminSDHolder" object in the right pane and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. If the audit settings on the "AdminSDHolder" object are not at least as inclusive as those below, this is a finding. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only (Access - Special = Write all properties, Modify permissions, Modify owner) Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain) Applies to - Descendant Organizational Unit objects

Fix: F-26663r465855_fix

Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select "System" under the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "AdminSDHolder" object in the right pane and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. Configure the audit settings for AdminSDHolder object to include the following. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None Applies to - This object only (Access - Special = Write all properties, Modify permissions, Modify owner) Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain) Applies to - Descendant Organizational Unit objects

b
The Active Directory RID Manager$ object must be configured with proper audit settings.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224985 - SV-224985r852357_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000220
Vuln IDs
  • V-224985
  • V-73399
Rule IDs
  • SV-224985r852357_rule
  • SV-88051
When inappropriate audit settings are configured for directory service database objects, it may be possible for a user or process to update the data without generating any tracking data. The impact of missing audit data is related to the type of object. A failure to capture audit data for objects used by identification, authentication, or authorization functions could degrade or eliminate the ability to track changes to access policy for systems or data. For Active Directory (AD), there are a number of critical object types in the domain naming context of the AD database for which auditing is essential. This includes the RID Manager$ object. Because changes to these objects can significantly impact access controls or the availability of systems, the absence of auditing data makes it impossible to identify the source of changes that impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems throughout an AD domain. The lack of proper auditing can result in insufficient forensic evidence needed to investigate an incident and prosecute the intruder. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26676r465857_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review the auditing configuration for the "RID Manager$" object. Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select "System" under the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "RID Manager$" object in the right pane and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. If the audit settings on the "RID Manager$" object are not at least as inclusive as those below, this is a finding. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None (Access - Special = Write all properties, All extended rights, Change RID master) Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain)

Fix: F-26664r465858_fix

Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Ensure "Advanced Features" is selected in the "View" menu. Select "System" under the domain being reviewed in the left pane. Right-click the "RID Manager$" object in the right pane and select "Properties". Select the "Security" tab. Select the "Advanced" button and then the "Auditing" tab. Configure the audit settings for RID Manager$ object to include the following. Type - Fail Principal - Everyone Access - Full Control Inherited from - None The success types listed below are defaults. Where Special is listed in the summary screens for Access, detailed Permissions are provided for reference. Various Properties selections may also exist by default. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - Special Inherited from - None (Access - Special = Write all properties, All extended rights, Change RID master) Two instances with the following summary information will be listed. Type - Success Principal - Everyone Access - (blank) Inherited from - (CN of domain)

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit Account Management - Computer Account Management successes.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000018 - V-224986 - SV-224986r852358_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000018
Version
WN16-DC-000230
Vuln IDs
  • V-224986
  • V-73417
Rule IDs
  • SV-224986r852358_rule
  • SV-88069
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Computer Account Management records events such as creating, changing, deleting, renaming, disabling, or enabling computer accounts. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000004-GPOS-00004, SRG-OS-000239-GPOS-00089, SRG-OS-000240-GPOS-00090, SRG-OS-000241-GPOS-00091, SRG-OS-000303-GPOS-00120, SRG-OS-000476-GPOS-00221
Checks: C-26677r465860_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. Account Management >> Computer Account Management - Success

Fix: F-26665r465861_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> Account Management >> "Audit Computer Account Management" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit DS Access - Directory Service Access successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224987 - SV-224987r852359_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000240
Vuln IDs
  • V-224987
  • V-73435
Rule IDs
  • SV-224987r852359_rule
  • SV-88087
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Directory Service Access records events related to users accessing an Active Directory object. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26678r465863_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. DS Access >> Directory Service Access - Success

Fix: F-26666r465864_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> DS Access >> "Directory Service Access" with "Success" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit DS Access - Directory Service Access failures.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224988 - SV-224988r852360_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000250
Vuln IDs
  • V-224988
  • V-73437
Rule IDs
  • SV-224988r852360_rule
  • SV-88089
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Directory Service Access records events related to users accessing an Active Directory object. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26679r465866_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. DS Access >> Directory Service Access - Failure

Fix: F-26667r465867_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> DS Access >> "Directory Service Access" with "Failure" selected.

b
Windows Server 2016 must be configured to audit DS Access - Directory Service Changes successes.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-224989 - SV-224989r852361_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
WN16-DC-000260
Vuln IDs
  • V-224989
  • V-73439
Rule IDs
  • SV-224989r852361_rule
  • SV-88091
Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Directory Service Changes records events related to changes made to objects in Active Directory Domain Services. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000327-GPOS-00127, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000463-GPOS-00207, SRG-OS-000468-GPOS-00212
Checks: C-26680r465869_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Security Option "Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings" must be set to "Enabled" (WN16-SO-000050) for the detailed auditing subcategories to be effective. Use the AuditPol tool to review the current Audit Policy configuration: Open an elevated "Command Prompt" (run as administrator). Enter "AuditPol /get /category:*". Compare the AuditPol settings with the following. If the system does not audit the following, this is a finding. DS Access >> Directory Service Changes - Success

Fix: F-26668r465870_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Advanced Audit Policy Configuration >> System Audit Policies >> DS Access >> "Directory Service Changes" with "Success" selected.

b
Domain controllers must have a PKI server certificate.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000185 - V-224991 - SV-224991r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000185
Version
WN16-DC-000280
Vuln IDs
  • V-224991
  • V-73611
Rule IDs
  • SV-224991r569186_rule
  • SV-88275
Domain controllers are part of the chain of trust for PKI authentications. Without the appropriate certificate, the authenticity of the domain controller cannot be verified. Domain controllers must have a server certificate to establish authenticity as part of PKI authentications in the domain.
Checks: C-26682r465875_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Run "MMC". Select "Add/Remove Snap-in" from the "File" menu. Select "Certificates" in the left pane and click the "Add >" button. Select "Computer Account" and click "Next". Select the appropriate option for "Select the computer you want this snap-in to manage" and click "Finish". Click "OK". Select and expand the Certificates (Local Computer) entry in the left pane. Select and expand the Personal entry in the left pane. Select the Certificates entry in the left pane. If no certificate for the domain controller exists in the right pane, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26670r465876_fix

Obtain a server certificate for the domain controller.

c
Domain Controller PKI certificates must be issued by the DoD PKI or an approved External Certificate Authority (ECA).
IA-5 - High - CCI-000185 - V-224992 - SV-224992r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000185
Version
WN16-DC-000290
Vuln IDs
  • V-224992
  • V-73613
Rule IDs
  • SV-224992r569186_rule
  • SV-88277
A PKI implementation depends on the practices established by the Certificate Authority (CA) to ensure the implementation is secure. Without proper practices, the certificates issued by a CA have limited value in authentication functions. The use of multiple CAs from separate PKI implementations results in interoperability issues. If servers and clients do not have a common set of root CA certificates, they are not able to authenticate each other.
Checks: C-26683r465878_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Run "MMC". Select "Add/Remove Snap-in" from the "File" menu. Select "Certificates" in the left pane and click the "Add >" button. Select "Computer Account" and click "Next". Select the appropriate option for "Select the computer you want this snap-in to manage" and click "Finish". Click "OK". Select and expand the Certificates (Local Computer) entry in the left pane. Select and expand the Personal entry in the left pane. Select the Certificates entry in the left pane. In the right pane, examine the "Issued By" field for the certificate to determine the issuing CA. If the "Issued By" field of the PKI certificate being used by the domain controller does not indicate the issuing CA is part of the DoD PKI or an approved ECA, this is a finding. If the certificates in use are issued by a CA authorized by the Component's CIO, this is a CAT II finding. There are multiple sources from which lists of valid DoD CAs and approved ECAs can be obtained: The Global Directory Service (GDS) website provides an online source. The address for this site is https://crl.gds.disa.mil. DoD Public Key Enablement (PKE) Engineering Support maintains the InstallRoot utility to manage DoD supported root certificates on Windows computers, which includes a list of authorized CAs. The utility package can be downloaded from the PKI and PKE Tools page on IASE: http://iase.disa.mil/pki-pke/function_pages/tools.html

Fix: F-26671r465879_fix

Obtain a server certificate for the domain controller issued by the DoD PKI or an approved ECA.

c
PKI certificates associated with user accounts must be issued by the DoD PKI or an approved External Certificate Authority (ECA).
IA-5 - High - CCI-000185 - V-224993 - SV-224993r569186_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000185
Version
WN16-DC-000300
Vuln IDs
  • V-224993
  • V-73615
Rule IDs
  • SV-224993r569186_rule
  • SV-88279
A PKI implementation depends on the practices established by the Certificate Authority (CA) to ensure the implementation is secure. Without proper practices, the certificates issued by a CA have limited value in authentication functions.
Checks: C-26684r465881_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Review user account mappings to PKI certificates. Open "Windows PowerShell". Enter "Get-ADUser -Filter * | FT Name, UserPrincipalName, Enabled". Exclude disabled accounts (e.g., DefaultAccount, Guest) and the krbtgt account. If the User Principal Name (UPN) is not in the format of an individual's identifier for the certificate type and for the appropriate domain suffix, this is a finding. For standard NIPRNet certificates the individual's identifier is in the format of an Electronic Data Interchange - Personnel Identifier (EDI-PI). Alt Tokens and other certificates may use a different UPN format than the EDI-PI which vary by organization. Verified these with the organization. NIPRNet Example: Name - User Principal Name User1 - 1234567890@mil See PKE documentation for other network domain suffixes. If the mappings are to certificates issued by a CA authorized by the Component's CIO, this is a CAT II finding.

Fix: F-26672r465882_fix

Map user accounts to PKI certificates using the appropriate User Principal Name (UPN) for the network. See PKE documentation for details.

b
Active Directory user accounts, including administrators, must be configured to require the use of a Common Access Card (CAC), Personal Identity Verification (PIV)-compliant hardware token, or Alternate Logon Token (ALT) for user authentication.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-000765 - V-224994 - SV-224994r852363_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000765
Version
WN16-DC-000310
Vuln IDs
  • V-224994
  • V-73617
Rule IDs
  • SV-224994r852363_rule
  • SV-88281
Smart cards such as the CAC support a two-factor authentication technique. This provides a higher level of trust in the asserted identity than use of the username and password for authentication. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000105-GPOS-00052, SRG-OS-000106-GPOS-00053, SRG-OS-000107-GPOS-00054, SRG-OS-000108-GPOS-00055, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00160
Checks: C-26685r465884_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Open "PowerShell". Enter the following: "Get-ADUser -Filter {(Enabled -eq $True) -and (SmartcardLogonRequired -eq $False)} | FT Name" ("DistinguishedName" may be substituted for "Name" for more detailed output.) If any user accounts, including administrators, are listed, this is a finding. Alternately: To view sample accounts in "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"): Select the Organizational Unit (OU) where the user accounts are located. (By default, this is the Users node; however, accounts may be under other organization-defined OUs.) Right-click the sample user account and select "Properties". Select the "Account" tab. If any user accounts, including administrators, do not have "Smart card is required for interactive logon" checked in the "Account Options" area, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26673r465885_fix

Configure all user accounts, including administrator accounts, in Active Directory to enable the option "Smart card is required for interactive logon". Run "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"): Select the OU where the user accounts are located. (By default this is the Users node; however, accounts may be under other organization-defined OUs.) Right-click the user account and select "Properties". Select the "Account" tab. Check "Smart card is required for interactive logon" in the "Account Options" area.

b
Domain controllers must require LDAP access signing.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002418 - V-224995 - SV-224995r916422_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002418
Version
WN16-DC-000320
Vuln IDs
  • V-224995
  • V-73629
Rule IDs
  • SV-224995r916422_rule
  • SV-88293
Unsigned network traffic is susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks, where an intruder captures packets between the server and the client and modifies them before forwarding them to the client. In the case of an LDAP server, this means that an attacker could cause a client to make decisions based on false records from the LDAP directory. The risk of an attacker pulling this off can be decreased by implementing strong physical security measures to protect the network infrastructure. Furthermore, implementing Internet Protocol security (IPsec) authentication header mode (AH), which performs mutual authentication and packet integrity for Internet Protocol (IP) traffic, can make all types of man-in-the-middle attacks extremely difficult. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000423-GPOS-00187, SRG-OS-000424-GPOS-00188
Checks: C-26686r465887_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\ Value Name: LDAPServerIntegrity Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000002 (2)

Fix: F-26674r465888_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> Security Options >> "Domain controller: LDAP server signing requirements" to "Require signing".

b
Domain controllers must be configured to allow reset of machine account passwords.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-224996 - SV-224996r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-DC-000330
Vuln IDs
  • V-224996
  • V-73631
Rule IDs
  • SV-224996r569186_rule
  • SV-88295
Enabling this setting on all domain controllers in a domain prevents domain members from changing their computer account passwords. If these passwords are weak or compromised, the inability to change them may leave these computers vulnerable.
Checks: C-26687r465890_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Netlogon\Parameters\ Value Name: RefusePasswordChange Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26675r465891_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> Security Options >> "Domain controller: Refuse machine account password changes" to "Disabled".

b
The Access this computer from the network user right must only be assigned to the Administrators, Authenticated Users, and Enterprise Domain Controllers groups on domain controllers.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-224997 - SV-224997r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-DC-000340
Vuln IDs
  • V-224997
  • V-73731
Rule IDs
  • SV-224997r569186_rule
  • SV-88395
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. Accounts with the "Access this computer from the network" right may access resources on the system, and this right must be limited to those requiring it.
Checks: C-26688r465893_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If any accounts or groups other than the following are granted the "Access this computer from the network" right, this is a finding. - Administrators - Authenticated Users - Enterprise Domain Controllers For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If any SIDs other than the following are granted the "SeNetworkLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-544 (Administrators) S-1-5-11 (Authenticated Users) S-1-5-9 (Enterprise Domain Controllers) If an application requires this user right, this would not be a finding. Vendor documentation must support the requirement for having the user right. The requirement must be documented with the ISSO. The application account must meet requirements for application account passwords, such as length (WN16-00-000060) and required frequency of changes (WN16-00-000070).

Fix: F-26676r465894_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Access this computer from the network" to include only the following accounts or groups: - Administrators - Authenticated Users - Enterprise Domain Controllers

b
The Add workstations to domain user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group.
AC-6 - Medium - CCI-002235 - V-224998 - SV-224998r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000350
Vuln IDs
  • V-224998
  • V-73737
Rule IDs
  • SV-224998r877392_rule
  • SV-88401
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. Accounts with the "Add workstations to domain" right may add computers to a domain. This could result in unapproved or incorrectly configured systems being added to a domain.
Checks: C-26689r465896_chk

This applies to domain controllers. It is NA for other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If any accounts or groups other than the following are granted the "Add workstations to domain" right, this is a finding. - Administrators For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If any SIDs other than the following are granted the "SeMachineAccountPrivilege" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-544 (Administrators)

Fix: F-26677r465897_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Add workstations to domain" to include only the following accounts or groups: - Administrators

b
The Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-224999 - SV-224999r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-DC-000360
Vuln IDs
  • V-224999
  • V-73741
Rule IDs
  • SV-224999r569186_rule
  • SV-88405
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. Accounts with the "Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services" user right can access a system through Remote Desktop.
Checks: C-26690r465899_chk

This applies to domain controllers, it is NA for other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If any accounts or groups other than the following are granted the "Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services" user right, this is a finding. - Administrators For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If any SIDs other than the following are granted the "SeRemoteInteractiveLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-544 (Administrators)

Fix: F-26678r465900_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services" to include only the following accounts or groups: - Administrators

b
The Deny access to this computer from the network user right on domain controllers must be configured to prevent unauthenticated access.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-225000 - SV-225000r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-DC-000370
Vuln IDs
  • V-225000
  • V-73757
Rule IDs
  • SV-225000r569186_rule
  • SV-88421
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny access to this computer from the network" user right defines the accounts that are prevented from logging on from the network. The Guests group must be assigned this right to prevent unauthenticated access.
Checks: C-26691r465902_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If the following accounts or groups are not defined for the "Deny access to this computer from the network" user right, this is a finding. - Guests Group For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If the following SIDs are not defined for the "SeDenyNetworkLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-546 (Guests)

Fix: F-26679r465903_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Deny access to this computer from the network" to include the following: - Guests Group

b
The Deny log on as a batch job user right on domain controllers must be configured to prevent unauthenticated access.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-225001 - SV-225001r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-DC-000380
Vuln IDs
  • V-225001
  • V-73761
Rule IDs
  • SV-225001r569186_rule
  • SV-88425
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny log on as a batch job" user right defines accounts that are prevented from logging on to the system as a batch job, such as Task Scheduler. The Guests group must be assigned to prevent unauthenticated access.
Checks: C-26692r465905_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If the following accounts or groups are not defined for the "Deny log on as a batch job" user right, this is a finding. - Guests Group For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If the following SID(s) are not defined for the "SeDenyBatchLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-546 (Guests)

Fix: F-26680r465906_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Deny log on as a batch job" to include the following: - Guests Group

b
The Deny log on as a service user right must be configured to include no accounts or groups (blank) on domain controllers.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-225002 - SV-225002r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-DC-000390
Vuln IDs
  • V-225002
  • V-73765
Rule IDs
  • SV-225002r569186_rule
  • SV-88429
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny log on as a service" user right defines accounts that are denied logon as a service. Incorrect configurations could prevent services from starting and result in a denial of service.
Checks: C-26693r465908_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If any accounts or groups are defined for the "Deny log on as a service" user right, this is a finding. For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If any SIDs are granted the "SeDenyServiceLogonRight" user right, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26681r465909_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Deny log on as a service" to include no entries (blank).

b
The Deny log on locally user right on domain controllers must be configured to prevent unauthenticated access.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-225003 - SV-225003r569186_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-DC-000400
Vuln IDs
  • V-225003
  • V-73769
Rule IDs
  • SV-225003r569186_rule
  • SV-88433
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny log on locally" user right defines accounts that are prevented from logging on interactively. The Guests group must be assigned this right to prevent unauthenticated access.
Checks: C-26694r465911_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If the following accounts or groups are not defined for the "Deny log on locally" user right, this is a finding. - Guests Group For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If the following SID(s) are not defined for the "SeDenyInteractiveLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-546 (Guests)

Fix: F-26682r465912_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Deny log on locally" to include the following: - Guests Group

b
The Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services user right on domain controllers must be configured to prevent unauthenticated access.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-002314 - V-225004 - SV-225004r852366_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002314
Version
WN16-DC-000410
Vuln IDs
  • V-225004
  • V-73773
Rule IDs
  • SV-225004r852366_rule
  • SV-88437
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services" user right defines the accounts that are prevented from logging on using Remote Desktop Services. The Guests group must be assigned this right to prevent unauthenticated access.
Checks: C-26695r465914_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If the following accounts or groups are not defined for the "Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services" user right, this is a finding. - Guests Group For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If the following SID(s) are not defined for the "SeDenyRemoteInteractiveLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-546 (Guests)

Fix: F-26683r465915_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services" to include the following: - Guests Group

b
The Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group on domain controllers.
AC-6 - Medium - CCI-002235 - V-225005 - SV-225005r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-DC-000420
Vuln IDs
  • V-225005
  • V-73777
Rule IDs
  • SV-225005r877392_rule
  • SV-88441
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation" user right allows the "Trusted for Delegation" setting to be changed. This could allow unauthorized users to impersonate other users.
Checks: C-26696r465917_chk

This applies to domain controllers. A separate version applies to other systems. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If any accounts or groups other than the following are granted the "Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation" user right, this is a finding. - Administrators For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If any SIDs other than the following are granted the "SeEnableDelegationPrivilege" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-544 (Administrators)

Fix: F-26684r465918_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation" to include only the following accounts or groups: - Administrators

b
The password for the krbtgt account on a domain must be reset at least every 180 days.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-225006 - SV-225006r569186_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-DC-000430
Vuln IDs
  • V-225006
  • V-91779
Rule IDs
  • SV-225006r569186_rule
  • SV-101881
The krbtgt account acts as a service account for the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) service. The account and password are created when a domain is created and the password is typically not changed. If the krbtgt account is compromised, attackers can create valid Kerberos Ticket Granting Tickets (TGT). The password must be changed twice to effectively remove the password history.Changing once, waiting for replication to complete and the amount of time equal to or greater than the maximum Kerberos ticket lifetime, and changing again reduces the risk of issues.
Checks: C-26697r465920_chk

This requirement is applicable to domain controllers; it is NA for other systems. Open "Windows PowerShell". Enter "Get-ADUser krbtgt -Property PasswordLastSet". If the "PasswordLastSet" date is more than 180 days old, this is a finding.

Fix: F-26685r465921_fix

Reset the password for the krbtgt account a least every 180 days. The password must be changed twice to effectively remove the password history. Changing once, waiting for replication to complete and changing again reduces the risk of issues. Changing twice in rapid succession forces clients to re-authenticate (including application services) but is desired if a compromise is suspected. PowerShell scripts are available to accomplish this such as at the following link: https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Reset-the-krbtgt-account-581a9e51 Open "Active Directory Users and Computers" (available from various menus or run "dsa.msc"). Select "Advanced Features" in the "View" menu if not previously selected. Select the "Users" node. Right click on the krbtgt account and select "Reset password". Enter a password that meets password complexity requirements. Clear the "User must change password at next logon" check box. The system will automatically change this to a system generated complex password.

c
Only administrators responsible for the member server or standalone or nondomain-joined system must have Administrator rights on the system.
AC-6 - High - CCI-002235 - V-225007 - SV-225007r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-MS-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-225007
  • V-73221
Rule IDs
  • SV-225007r877392_rule
  • SV-87873
An account that does not have Administrator duties must not have Administrator rights. Such rights would allow the account to bypass or modify required security restrictions on that machine and make it vulnerable to attack. System administrators must log on to systems using only accounts with the minimum level of authority necessary. For domain-joined member servers, the Domain Admins group must be replaced by a domain member server administrator group (refer to AD.0003 in the Active Directory Domain STIG). Restricting highly privileged accounts from the local Administrators group helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation resulting from credential theft attacks. Standard user accounts must not be members of the built-in Administrators group.
Checks: C-26698r857254_chk

This applies to member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems. A separate version applies to domain controllers. Open "Computer Management". Navigate to "Groups" under "Local Users and Groups". Review the local "Administrators" group. Only administrator groups or accounts responsible for administration of the system may be members of the group. For domain-joined member servers, the Domain Admins group must be replaced by a domain member server administrator group. Standard user accounts must not be members of the local Administrator group. If accounts that do not have responsibility for administration of the system are members of the local Administrators group, this is a finding. If the built-in Administrator account or other required administrative accounts are found on the system, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-26686r465924_fix

Configure the local "Administrators" group to include only administrator groups or accounts responsible for administration of the system. For domain-joined member servers, replace the Domain Admins group with a domain member server administrator group. Remove any standard user accounts.

b
Local administrator accounts must have their privileged token filtered to prevent elevated privileges from being used over the network on domain systems.
SC-3 - Medium - CCI-001084 - V-225008 - SV-225008r857258_rule
RMF Control
SC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001084
Version
WN16-MS-000020
Vuln IDs
  • V-225008
  • V-73495
Rule IDs
  • SV-225008r857258_rule
  • SV-88147
A compromised local administrator account can provide means for an attacker to move laterally between domain systems. With User Account Control enabled, filtering the privileged token for local administrator accounts will prevent the elevated privileges of these accounts from being used over the network.
Checks: C-26699r857256_chk

This applies to member servers. For domain controllers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System Value Name: LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0) This setting may cause issues with some network scanning tools if local administrative accounts are used remotely. Scans should use domain accounts where possible. If a local administrative account must be used, temporarily enabling the privileged token by configuring the registry value to "1" may be required.

Fix: F-26687r857257_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> MS Security Guide >> "Apply UAC restrictions to local accounts on network logons" to "Enabled". This policy setting requires the installation of the SecGuide custom templates included with the STIG package. "SecGuide.admx" and "SecGuide.adml" must be copied to the \Windows\PolicyDefinitions and \Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-US directories respectively.

b
Local users on domain-joined computers must not be enumerated.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-225009 - SV-225009r857260_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
WN16-MS-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-225009
  • V-73533
Rule IDs
  • SV-225009r857260_rule
  • SV-88187
The username is one part of logon credentials that could be used to gain access to a system. Preventing the enumeration of users limits this information to authorized personnel.
Checks: C-26700r857259_chk

This applies to member servers. For domain controllers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\System\ Value Name: EnumerateLocalUsers Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000000 (0)

Fix: F-26688r465930_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Logon >> "Enumerate local users on domain-joined computers" to "Disabled".

b
Unauthenticated Remote Procedure Call (RPC) clients must be restricted from connecting to the RPC server.
IA-3 - Medium - CCI-001967 - V-225010 - SV-225010r877039_rule
RMF Control
IA-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001967
Version
WN16-MS-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-225010
  • V-73541
Rule IDs
  • SV-225010r877039_rule
  • SV-88203
Unauthenticated RPC clients may allow anonymous access to sensitive information. Configuring RPC to restrict unauthenticated RPC clients from connecting to the RPC server will prevent anonymous connections.
Checks: C-26701r857261_chk

This applies to member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems. It is NA for domain controllers. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Rpc\ Value Name: RestrictRemoteClients Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1)

Fix: F-26689r465933_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Remote Procedure Call >> "Restrict Unauthenticated RPC clients" to "Enabled" with "Authenticated" selected.

b
Caching of logon credentials must be limited.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-225011 - SV-225011r857264_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-MS-000050
Vuln IDs
  • V-225011
  • V-73651
Rule IDs
  • SV-225011r857264_rule
  • SV-88315
The default Windows configuration caches the last logon credentials for users who log on interactively to a system. This feature is provided for system availability reasons, such as the user's machine being disconnected from the network or domain controllers being unavailable. Even though the credential cache is well protected, if a system is attacked, an unauthorized individual may isolate the password to a domain user account using a password-cracking program and gain access to the domain.
Checks: C-26702r857263_chk

This applies to member servers. For domain controllers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\ Value Name: CachedLogonsCount Value Type: REG_SZ Value: 4 (or less)

Fix: F-26690r465936_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> Security Options >> "Interactive Logon: Number of previous logons to cache (in case Domain Controller is not available)" to "4" logons or less.

c
Windows Server 2016 must be running Credential Guard on domain-joined member servers.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-225012 - SV-225012r902427_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
WN16-MS-000120
Vuln IDs
  • V-225012
  • V-73515
Rule IDs
  • SV-225012r902427_rule
  • SV-88167
Credential Guard uses virtualization-based security to protect data that could be used in credential theft attacks if compromised. This authentication information, which was stored in the Local Security Authority (LSA) in previous versions of Windows, is isolated from the rest of the operating system and can only be accessed by privileged system software.
Checks: C-26703r902426_chk

For domain controllers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems, this is NA. Open "PowerShell" with elevated privileges (run as administrator). Enter the following: "Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_DeviceGuard -Namespace root\Microsoft\Windows\DeviceGuard" If "SecurityServicesRunning" does not include a value of "1" (e.g., "{1, 2}"), this is a finding. Alternately: Run "System Information". Under "System Summary", verify the following: If "Device Guard Security Services Running" does not list "Credential Guard", this is a finding. The policy settings referenced in the Fix section will configure the following registry value. However, due to hardware requirements, the registry value alone does not ensure proper function. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\DeviceGuard\ Value Name: LsaCfgFlags Value Type: REG_DWORD Value: 0x00000001 (1) (Enabled with UEFI lock) A Microsoft article on Credential Guard system requirement can be found at the following link: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/security/identity-protection/credential-guard/credential-guard-requirements

Fix: F-26691r857266_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> System >> Device Guard >> "Turn On Virtualization Based Security" to "Enabled" with "Enabled with UEFI lock" selected for "Credential Guard Configuration". A Microsoft article on Credential Guard system requirement can be found at the following link: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/security/identity-protection/credential-guard/credential-guard-requirements Severity Override Guidance: The AO can allow the severity override if they have reviewed the overall protection provided to the affected servers that are not capable of complying with the Credential Guard requirement. Items that should be reviewed/considered for compliance or mitigation for non-Credential Guard compliance are: The use of Microsoft Local Administrator Password Solution (LAPS) or similar products to control different local administrative passwords for all affected affected servers. This is to include a strict password change requirement (60 days or less). …. Strict separation of roles and duties. Server administrator credentials cannot be used on Windows 10 desktop to administer it. Documentation of all exceptions should be supplied. …. Use of a Privileged Access Workstation (PAW) and adherence to the Clean Source principle for administering affected affected servers. …. Boundary Protection that is currently in place to protect from vulnerabilities in the network/servers. …. Windows Defender rule block credential stealing from LSASS.exe is applied. This rule can only be applied if Windows Defender is in use. …. The overall number of vulnerabilities that are unmitigated on the network/servers.

b
Remote calls to the Security Account Manager (SAM) must be restricted to Administrators.
AC-6 - Medium - CCI-002235 - V-225013 - SV-225013r877392_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002235
Version
WN16-MS-000310
Vuln IDs
  • V-225013
  • V-73677
Rule IDs
  • SV-225013r877392_rule
  • SV-88341
The Windows Security Account Manager (SAM) stores users' passwords. Restricting Remote Procedure Call (RPC) connections to the SAM to Administrators helps protect those credentials.
Checks: C-26704r857268_chk

This applies to member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems. It is NA for domain controllers. If the following registry value does not exist or is not configured as specified, this is a finding. Registry Hive: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE Registry Path: \SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\ Value Name: RestrictRemoteSAM Value Type: REG_SZ Value: O:BAG:BAD:(A;;RC;;;BA)

Fix: F-26692r857269_fix

Navigate to the policy Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> Security Options >> "Network access: Restrict clients allowed to make remote calls to SAM". Select "Edit Security" to configure the "Security descriptor:". Add "Administrators" in "Group or user names:" if it is not already listed (this is the default). Select "Administrators" in "Group or user names:". Select "Allow" for "Remote Access" in "Permissions for "Administrators". Click "OK". The "Security descriptor:" must be populated with "O:BAG:BAD:(A;;RC;;;BA) for the policy to be enforced.

b
The "Access this computer from the network" user right must only be assigned to the Administrators and Authenticated Users groups on member servers.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-225014 - SV-225014r857272_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000213
Version
WN16-MS-000340
Vuln IDs
  • V-225014
  • V-73733
Rule IDs
  • SV-225014r857272_rule
  • SV-88397
Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. Accounts with the "Access this computer from the network" user right may access resources on the system, and this right must be limited to those requiring it.
Checks: C-26705r857271_chk

This applies to member servers and standalone or nondomain-joined systems. A separate version applies to domain controllers. Verify the effective setting in Local Group Policy Editor. Run "gpedit.msc". Navigate to Local Computer Policy >> Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment. If any accounts or groups other than the following are granted the "Access this computer from the network" user right, this is a finding. - Administrators - Authenticated Users For server core installations, run the following command: Secedit /Export /Areas User_Rights /cfg c:\path\filename.txt Review the text file. If any SIDs other than the following are granted the "SeNetworkLogonRight" user right, this is a finding. S-1-5-32-544 (Administrators) S-1-5-11 (Authenticated Users) If an application requires this user right, this would not be a finding. Vendor documentation must support the requirement for having the user right. The requirement must be documented with the ISSO. The application account must meet requirements for application account passwords, such as length (WN16-00-000060) and required frequency of changes (WN16-00-000070).

Fix: F-26693r465945_fix

Configure the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Windows Settings >> Security Settings >> Local Policies >> User Rights Assignment >> "Access this computer from the network" to include only the following accounts or groups: - Administrators - Authenticated Users

b
The "Deny access to this computer from the network" user right on member servers must be configured to prevent access from highly privileged domain accounts and local accounts on domain systems and from unauthenticated access on all systems.
AC-3 - Medium - CCI-000213 - V-225015 - SV-225015r857274_rule
RMF Control
AC-3
Severity
Medium