Solaris 11 SPARC Security Technical Implementation Guide

  • Version/Release: V2R8
  • Published: 2023-05-17
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This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DOD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: disa.stig_spt@mail.mil.
b
The audit system must produce records containing sufficient information to establish the identity of any user/subject associated with the event.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-001487 - V-216246 - SV-216246r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001487
Version
SOL-11.1-010040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216246
  • V-47781
Rule IDs
  • SV-216246r603267_rule
  • SV-60657
Enabling the audit system will produce records with accurate time stamps, source, user, and activity information. Without this information malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked.
Checks: C-17482r370826_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17480r370827_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The operating system must provide the capability to automatically process audit records for events of interest based upon selectable, event criteria.
AU-7 - Medium - CCI-000158 - V-216249 - SV-216249r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000158
Version
SOL-11.1-010080
Vuln IDs
  • V-216249
  • V-47787
Rule IDs
  • SV-216249r603267_rule
  • SV-60663
Without an audit reporting capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-17485r370835_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17483r370836_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The operating system must generate audit records for the selected list of auditable events as defined in DoD list of events.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000172 - V-216251 - SV-216251r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000172
Version
SOL-11.1-010120
Vuln IDs
  • V-216251
  • V-47791
Rule IDs
  • SV-216251r603267_rule
  • SV-60667
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account. Without accurate time stamps, source, user, and activity information, malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked. Without an audit reduction and reporting capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-17487r370841_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17485r370842_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
Audit records must include what type of events occurred.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000130 - V-216253 - SV-216253r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000130
Version
SOL-11.1-010140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216253
  • V-47795
Rule IDs
  • SV-216253r603267_rule
  • SV-60671
Without proper system auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-17489r370847_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17487r370848_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
Audit records must include when (date and time) the events occurred.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000131 - V-216254 - SV-216254r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000131
Version
SOL-11.1-010150
Vuln IDs
  • V-216254
  • V-47797
Rule IDs
  • SV-216254r603267_rule
  • SV-60673
Without accurate time stamps malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked.
Checks: C-17490r370850_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17488r370851_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
Audit records must include where the events occurred.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000132 - V-216255 - SV-216255r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000132
Version
SOL-11.1-010160
Vuln IDs
  • V-216255
  • V-47799
Rule IDs
  • SV-216255r603267_rule
  • SV-60675
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account. Without accurate time stamps, source, user, and activity information, malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked. Without an audit reduction and reporting capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-17491r370853_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17489r370854_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
Audit records must include the sources of the events that occurred.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000133 - V-216256 - SV-216256r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000133
Version
SOL-11.1-010170
Vuln IDs
  • V-216256
  • V-47801
Rule IDs
  • SV-216256r603267_rule
  • SV-60677
Without accurate source information malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked.
Checks: C-17492r370856_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17490r370857_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
Audit records must include the outcome (success or failure) of the events that occurred.
AU-3 - Medium - CCI-000134 - V-216257 - SV-216257r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000134
Version
SOL-11.1-010180
Vuln IDs
  • V-216257
  • V-47803
Rule IDs
  • SV-216257r603267_rule
  • SV-60679
Tracking both the successful and unsuccessful attempts aids in identifying threats to the system.
Checks: C-17493r370859_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-17491r370860_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The audit system must be configured to audit file deletions.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216258 - SV-216258r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-010220
Vuln IDs
  • V-216258
  • V-47805
Rule IDs
  • SV-216258r603267_rule
  • SV-60681
Without auditing, malicious activity cannot be detected.
Checks: C-17494r370862_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active |cut -f2 -d= If "fd" audit flag is not included in output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "fd" audit flag is not included in output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17492r370863_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The audit system must be configured to audit account creation.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000018 - V-216259 - SV-216259r916435_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000018
Version
SOL-11.1-010230
Vuln IDs
  • V-216259
  • V-47807
Rule IDs
  • SV-216259r916435_rule
  • SV-60683
Without auditing, malicious activity cannot be detected.
Checks: C-17495r916434_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "ps" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17493r877419_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The audit system must be configured to audit account modification.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-001403 - V-216260 - SV-216260r916437_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001403
Version
SOL-11.1-010250
Vuln IDs
  • V-216260
  • V-47809
Rule IDs
  • SV-216260r916437_rule
  • SV-60685
Without auditing, malicious activity cannot be detected.
Checks: C-17496r916436_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "ps" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17494r877422_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The operating system must automatically audit account disabling actions.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-001404 - V-216261 - SV-216261r916439_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001404
Version
SOL-11.1-010260
Vuln IDs
  • V-216261
  • V-47811
Rule IDs
  • SV-216261r916439_rule
  • SV-60687
Without auditing, malicious activity cannot be detected.
Checks: C-17497r916438_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "ps" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17495r877425_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The operating system must automatically audit account termination.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-001405 - V-216262 - SV-216262r916441_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001405
Version
SOL-11.1-010270
Vuln IDs
  • V-216262
  • V-47813
Rule IDs
  • SV-216262r916441_rule
  • SV-60689
Without auditing, malicious activity cannot be detected.
Checks: C-17498r916440_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "ps" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17496r877428_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The operating system must ensure unauthorized, security-relevant configuration changes detected are tracked.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216263 - SV-216263r916443_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-010290
Vuln IDs
  • V-216263
  • V-47815
Rule IDs
  • SV-216263r916443_rule
  • SV-60691
Without auditing, malicious activity cannot be detected.
Checks: C-17499r916442_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "as" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17497r877431_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The audit system must be configured to audit all administrative, privileged, and security actions.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216264 - SV-216264r916445_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-010300
Vuln IDs
  • V-216264
  • V-47817
Rule IDs
  • SV-216264r916445_rule
  • SV-60693
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-17500r916444_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "as" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17498r877434_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

a
The audit system must be configured to audit login, logout, and session initiation.
AC-17 - Low - CCI-000067 - V-216265 - SV-216265r793024_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000067
Version
SOL-11.1-010310
Vuln IDs
  • V-216265
  • V-47819
Rule IDs
  • SV-216265r793024_rule
  • SV-60695
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-17501r793023_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. Check that the audit flag for auditing login and logout is enabled. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "lo" audit flag is not included in output, this is a finding # pfexec auditconfig -getnaflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "na" and "lo" audit flags are not included in output, this is a finding For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa" or if the "ft,lo,ap,ss,as,ua,pe” audit flag(s) are not included in output, this is a finding # pfexec auditconfig -t -getnaflags | cut -f2 -d= If "na" and "lo" audit flags are not included in output, this is a finding Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17499r370884_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm # pfexec auditconfig -setnaflags lo,na For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm # pfexec auditconfig -setnaflags lo,na Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

a
The audit system must be configured to audit failed attempts to access files and programs.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216268 - SV-216268r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-010340
Vuln IDs
  • V-216268
  • V-47825
Rule IDs
  • SV-216268r603267_rule
  • SV-60701
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-17504r370892_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. Check that the audit flag for auditing file access is enabled. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "-fa" and "-ps" audit flags are not displayed, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "-fa", "-ex", and "-ps" audit flags are not displayed, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17502r370893_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

a
The operating system must protect against an individual falsely denying having performed a particular action. In order to do so the system must be configured to send audit records to a remote audit server.
AU-10 - Low - CCI-000166 - V-216269 - SV-216269r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-10
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000166
Version
SOL-11.1-010350
Vuln IDs
  • V-216269
  • V-47827
Rule IDs
  • SV-216269r603267_rule
  • SV-60703
Keeping audit records on a remote system reduces the likelihood of audit records being changed or corrupted. Duplicating and protecting the audit trail on a separate system reduces the likelihood of an individual being able to deny performing an action. Solaris has supported rsyslog since version 11.1 and the differences between syslog and rsyslog are numerous. Solaris 11.4 installs rsyslog by default, but previous versions require a manual installation. When establishing a rsyslog server to forward to, it is important to consider the network requirements for this action. Note the following configuration options: There are three ways to forward message: the traditional UDP transport, which is extremely lossy but standard; the plain TCP based transport, which loses messages only during certain situations but is widely available; and the RELP transport, which does not lose messages but is currently available only as part of the rsyslogd 3.15.0 and above. Examples of each configuration: UDP *.* @remotesystemname TCP *.* @@remotesystemname RELP *.* :omrelp:remotesystemname:2514 Please note that a port number was given as there is no standard port for RELP.
Checks: C-17505r462484_chk

Audit Configuration rights profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check that the syslog audit plugin is enabled. # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin | grep audit_syslog If "inactive" appears, this is a finding. Determine which system-log service instance is online. # pfexec svcs system-log Check that the /etc/syslog.conf or /etc/rsyslog.conf file is configured properly: # grep audit.notice /etc/syslog.conf or # grep @@ /etc/rsyslog.conf If audit.notice @remotesystemname , audit.notice !remotesystemname (syslog configuration) or *.* @@remotesystemname (rsyslog configuration) points to an invalid remote system or is commented out, this is a finding. If no output is produced, this is a finding. Check the remote syslog host to ensure that audit records can be found for this host.

Fix: F-17503r462485_fix

Service Management, Audit Configuration and Audit Control rights profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Configure Solaris 11 to use the syslog audit plugin # pfexec auditconfig -setplugin audit_syslog active Determine which system-log service instance is online. # pfexec svcs system-log If the default system-log service is online: # pfedit /etc/syslog.conf Add the line: audit.notice @[remotesystemname] or audit.notice ![remotesystemname] Replacing the remote system name with the correct hostname. If the rsyslog service is online, modify the /etc/rsyslog.conf file. # pfedit /etc/rsyslog.conf Add the line: *.* @@[remotesystemname] Or *.* :omrelp:[remotesystemname]:[designatedportnumber] Replacing the remote system name with the correct hostname. Create the log file on the remote system # touch /var/adm/auditlog Refresh the syslog service # pfexec svcadm refresh system/system-log:default or # pfexec svcadm refresh system/system-log:rsyslog Refresh the audit service # pfexec audit -s

a
The auditing system must not define a different auditing level for specific users.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216270 - SV-216270r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-010360
Vuln IDs
  • V-216270
  • V-47831
Rule IDs
  • SV-216270r603267_rule
  • SV-60705
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-17506r370898_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. For each user on the system (not including root), check to see if special auditing flag configurations are set. # userattr audit_flags [username] If any flags are returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17504r370899_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For each user on the system, remove all special audit configuration flags. # usermod -K audit_flags= [username]

c
The operating system must alert designated organizational officials in the event of an audit processing failure.
AU-5 - High - CCI-000139 - V-216273 - SV-216273r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-5
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000139
Version
SOL-11.1-010390
Vuln IDs
  • V-216273
  • V-47845
Rule IDs
  • SV-216273r603267_rule
  • SV-60719
Proper alerts to system administrators and IA officials of audit failures ensure a timely response to critical system issues.
Checks: C-17509r370907_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The root role is required. Verify the presence of an audit_warn entry in /etc/mail/aliases. # /usr/lib/sendmail -bv audit_warn If the response is: audit_warn... User unknown this is a finding. Review the output of the command and verify that the audit_warn alias notifies the appropriate users in this form: audit_warn:user1,user2 If an appropriate user is not listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17507r370908_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Add an audit_warn alias to /etc/mail/aliases that will forward to designated system administrator(s). # pfedit /etc/mail/aliases Insert a line in the form: audit_warn:user1,user2 Put the updated aliases file into service. # newaliases

b
The operating system must shut down by default upon audit failure (unless availability is an overriding concern).
AU-5 - Medium - CCI-000140 - V-216276 - SV-216276r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000140
Version
SOL-11.1-010420
Vuln IDs
  • V-216276
  • V-47863
Rule IDs
  • SV-216276r603267_rule
  • SV-60737
Continuing to operate a system without auditing working properly can result in undocumented access or system changes.
Checks: C-17512r370916_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep ahlt If the output does not include "ahlt" as an active audit policy, this is a finding. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep cnt If the output includes "cnt" as an active audit policy, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17510r370917_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Set audit policy to halt and suspend on failure. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +ahlt # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy -cnt

b
The operating system must protect audit information from unauthorized access.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-000162 - V-216277 - SV-216277r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000162
Version
SOL-11.1-010440
Vuln IDs
  • V-216277
  • V-47869
Rule IDs
  • SV-216277r603267_rule
  • SV-60741
If audit data were to become compromised, then competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the operating system must protect audit information from unauthorized access. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000057, SRG-OS-000058, SRG-OS-000059
Checks: C-36485r603058_chk

The root role is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check that the directory storing the audit files is owned by root and has permissions 750 or less. Note: By default in Solaris 11.1, /var/audit is a link to /var/share/audit which is mounted on rpool/VARSHARE. Determine the location of the audit trail files # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin audit_binfile The output will appear in this form: Plugin: audit_binfile (active) Attributes: p_dir=/var/audit;p_fsize=0;p_minfree=1 The p_dir attribute defines the location of the audit directory. # ls -ld /var/share/audit Check the audit directory is owned by root, group is root, and permissions are 750 (rwx r-- ---) or less. If the permissions are excessive, this is a finding.

Fix: F-36449r603059_fix

Note: By default in Solaris 11.1, /var/audit is a link to /var/share/audit which is mounted on rpool/VARSHARE. The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Determine the location of the audit trail files # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin audit_binfile| The output will appear in this form: Plugin: audit_binfile (active) Attributes: p_dir=/var/audit;p_fsize=0;p_minfree=1 The p_dir attribute defines the location of the audit directory. # chown root [directory] # chgrp root [directory] # chmod 750 [directory]

b
The System packages must be up to date with the most recent vendor updates and security fixes.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216280 - SV-216280r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216280
  • V-47881
Rule IDs
  • SV-216280r603267_rule
  • SV-60753
Failure to install security updates can provide openings for attack.
Checks: C-17516r370928_chk

The Software Installation Profile is required. An up-to-date Solaris repository must be accessible to the system. Enter the command: # pkg publisher to determine the current repository publisher. If a repository is not accessible, it may need to be locally installed and configured. Check for Solaris software package updates: # pfexec pkg update -n If the command does not report "No updates available for this image," this is a finding.

Fix: F-17514r370929_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. An up-to-date Solaris repository must be accessible to the system. Enter the command: # pkg publisher to determine the current repository publisher. If a repository is not accessible, it may need to be locally installed and configured. Update system packages to the current version. # pfexec pkg update A reboot may be required for the updates to take effect.

b
The operating system must protect audit tools from unauthorized access.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-001493 - V-216282 - SV-216282r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001493
Version
SOL-11.1-020030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216282
  • V-47885
Rule IDs
  • SV-216282r603267_rule
  • SV-60757
Failure to maintain system configurations may result in privilege escalation.
Checks: C-17518r370934_chk

The Software Installation Profile is required. Determine what the signature policy is for pkg publishers: # pkg property | grep signature-policy Check that output produces: signature-policy verify If the output does not confirm that signature-policy verify is active, this is a finding. Check that package permissions are configured and signed per vendor requirements. # pkg verify If the command produces any output unrelated to STIG changes, this is a finding. There is currently a Solaris 11 bug 16267888 which reports pkg verify errors for a variety of python packages. These can be ignored.

Fix: F-17516r370935_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. Configure the package system to ensure that digital signatures are verified. # pfexec pkg set-property signature-policy verify Check that package permissions are configured per vendor requirements. # pfexec pkg verify If any errors are reported unrelated to STIG changes, use: # pfexec pkg fix to bring configuration settings and permissions into factory compliance.

b
The operating system must protect audit tools from unauthorized modification.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-001494 - V-216283 - SV-216283r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001494
Version
SOL-11.1-020040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216283
  • V-47887
Rule IDs
  • SV-216283r603267_rule
  • SV-60759
Failure to maintain system configurations may result in privilege escalation.
Checks: C-17519r370937_chk

The Software Installation Profile is required. Determine what the signature policy is for pkg publishers: # pkg property | grep signature-policy Check that output produces: signature-policy verify If the output does not confirm that signature-policy verify is active, this is a finding. Check that package permissions are configured and signed per vendor requirements. # pkg verify If the command produces any output unrelated to STIG changes, this is a finding. There is currently a Solaris 11 bug 16267888 which reports pkg verify errors for a variety of python packages. These can be ignored.

Fix: F-17517r370938_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. Configure the package system to ensure that digital signatures are verified. # pfexec pkg set-property signature-policy verify Check that package permissions are configured per vendor requirements. # pfexec pkg verify If any errors are reported unrelated to STIG changes, use: # pfexec pkg fix to bring configuration settings and permissions into factory compliance.

b
The operating system must protect audit tools from unauthorized deletion.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-001495 - V-216284 - SV-216284r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001495
Version
SOL-11.1-020050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216284
  • V-47889
Rule IDs
  • SV-216284r603267_rule
  • SV-60761
Failure to maintain system configurations may result in privilege escalation.
Checks: C-17520r370940_chk

The Software Installation Profile is required. Determine what the signature policy is for pkg publishers: # pkg property | grep signature-policy Check that output produces: signature-policy verify If the output does not confirm that signature-policy verify is active, this is a finding. Check that package permissions are configured and signed per vendor requirements. # pkg verify If the command produces any output unrelated to STIG changes, this is a finding. There is currently a Solaris 11 bug 16267888 which reports pkg verify errors for a variety of python packages. These can be ignored.

Fix: F-17518r370941_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. Configure the package system to ensure that digital signatures are verified. # pfexec pkg set-property signature-policy verify Check that package permissions are configured per vendor requirements. # pfexec pkg verify If any errors are reported unrelated to STIG changes, use: # pfexec pkg fix to bring configuration settings and permissions into factory compliance.

b
System packages must be configured with the vendor-provided files, permissions, and ownerships.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-001496 - V-216285 - SV-216285r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001496
Version
SOL-11.1-020080
Vuln IDs
  • V-216285
  • V-47891
Rule IDs
  • SV-216285r603267_rule
  • SV-60763
Failure to maintain system configurations may result in privilege escalation.
Checks: C-17521r370943_chk

The Software Installation Profile is required. Determine what the signature policy is for pkg publishers: # pkg property | grep signature-policy Check that output produces: signature-policy verify If the output does not confirm that signature-policy verify is active, this is a finding. Check that package permissions are configured and signed per vendor requirements. # pkg verify If the command produces any output unrelated to STIG changes, this is a finding. There is currently a Solaris 11 bug 16267888 which reports pkg verify errors for a variety of python packages. These can be ignored.

Fix: F-17519r370944_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. Configure the package system to ensure that digital signatures are verified. # pfexec pkg set-property signature-policy verify Check that package permissions are configured per vendor requirements. # pfexec pkg verify If any errors are reported unrelated to STIG changes, use: # pfexec pkg fix to bring configuration settings and permissions into factory compliance.

a
The finger daemon package must not be installed.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216286 - SV-216286r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020090
Vuln IDs
  • V-216286
  • V-47893
Rule IDs
  • SV-216286r603267_rule
  • SV-60765
Finger is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17522r370946_chk

Determine if the finger package is installed. # pkg list service/network/finger If an installed package named service/network/finger is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17520r370947_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall service/network/finger

b
The legacy remote network access utilities daemons must not be installed.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216287 - SV-216287r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020100
Vuln IDs
  • V-216287
  • V-47901
Rule IDs
  • SV-216287r603267_rule
  • SV-60773
Legacy remote access utilities allow remote control of a system without proper authentication.
Checks: C-17523r370949_chk

Determine if the legacy remote access package is installed. # pkg list service/network/legacy-remote-utilities If an installed package named service/network/legacy-remote-utilities is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17521r370950_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall service/network/legacy-remote-utilities

c
The NIS package must not be installed.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216288 - SV-216288r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020110
Vuln IDs
  • V-216288
  • V-47905
Rule IDs
  • SV-216288r603267_rule
  • SV-60777
NIS is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17524r370952_chk

Determine if the NIS package is installed. # pkg list service/network/nis If an installed package named "service/network/nis" is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17522r370953_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall service/network/nis

a
The pidgin IM client package must not be installed.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216289 - SV-216289r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020120
Vuln IDs
  • V-216289
  • V-47909
Rule IDs
  • SV-216289r603267_rule
  • SV-60781
Instant messaging is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17525r370955_chk

Determine if the pidgin package is installed. # pkg list communication/im/pidgin If an installed package named communication/im/pidgin is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17523r370956_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall communication/im/pidgin

c
The FTP daemon must not be installed unless required.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216290 - SV-216290r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216290
  • V-47911
Rule IDs
  • SV-216290r603267_rule
  • SV-60783
FTP is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17526r370958_chk

Determine if the FTP package is installed. # pkg list service/network/ftp If an installed package named "service/network/ftp" is listed and not required for operations, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17524r370959_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall service/network/ftp

c
The TFTP service daemon must not be installed unless required.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216291 - SV-216291r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216291
  • V-47913
Rule IDs
  • SV-216291r603267_rule
  • SV-60785
TFTP is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17527r370961_chk

Determine if the TFTP package is installed. # pkg list service/network/tftp If an installed package named "/service/network/tftp" is listed and not required for operations, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17525r370962_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall install/installadm # pfexec pkg uninstall service/network/tftp

c
The telnet service daemon must not be installed unless required.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216292 - SV-216292r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020150
Vuln IDs
  • V-216292
  • V-47915
Rule IDs
  • SV-216292r603267_rule
  • SV-60787
Telnet is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17528r370964_chk

Determine if the telnet daemon package in installed. # pkg list service/network/telnet If an installed package named "service/network/telnet" is listed and vntsd is not in use for LDoms, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17526r370965_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall service/network/telnet

a
The UUCP service daemon must not be installed unless required.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216293 - SV-216293r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020160
Vuln IDs
  • V-216293
  • V-47917
Rule IDs
  • SV-216293r603267_rule
  • SV-60789
UUCP is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17529r370967_chk

Determine if the UUCP package is installed. # pkg list /service/network/uucp If an installed package named "/service/network/uucp" is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17527r370968_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall /service/network/uucp

b
The rpcbind service must be configured for local only services unless organizationally defined.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216294 - SV-216294r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020170
Vuln IDs
  • V-216294
  • V-47919
Rule IDs
  • SV-216294r603267_rule
  • SV-60791
The portmap and rpcbind services increase the attack surface of the system and should only be used when needed. The portmap or rpcbind services are used by a variety of services using remote procedure calls (RPCs). The organization may define and document the limited use of services (for example NFS) that may use these services with approval from their Authorizing Official.
Checks: C-17530r370970_chk

Check the status of the rpcbind service local_only property. # svcprop -p config/local_only network/rpc/bind If the state is not "true", this is a finding, unless it is required for system operations, then this is not a finding.

Fix: F-17528r370971_fix

The Service Management profile is required. If services such as portmap or rpcbind are required for system operations, the operator must document the services used and obtain approval from their Authorizing Official. They should also document the method(s) of blocking all other remote accesses through tools like a firewall or tcp_wrappers. Otherwise, configure the rpc/bind service for local only access. # svccfg -s network/rpc/bind setprop config/local_only=true

b
The VNC server package must not be installed unless required.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216295 - SV-216295r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020180
Vuln IDs
  • V-216295
  • V-47921
Rule IDs
  • SV-216295r603267_rule
  • SV-60793
The VNC service uses weak authentication capabilities and provides the user complete graphical system access.
Checks: C-17531r370973_chk

Determine if the VNC server package is installed. # pkg list x11/server/xvnc If an installed package named "x11/server/xvnc is listed" is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17529r370974_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. # pfexec pkg uninstall x11/server/xvnc

b
The operating system must be configured to provide essential capabilities.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-000381 - V-216297 - SV-216297r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000381
Version
SOL-11.1-020220
Vuln IDs
  • V-216297
  • V-47925
Rule IDs
  • SV-216297r603267_rule
  • SV-60797
Operating systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Execution must be disabled based on organization-defined specifications.
Checks: C-17533r370979_chk

Identify the packages installed on the system. # pkg list Any unauthorized software packages listed in the output are a finding.

Fix: F-17531r370980_fix

The Software Installation profile is required. Identify packages installed on the system: # pkg list uninstall unauthorized packages: # pfexec pkg uninstall [ package name]

b
All run control scripts must have mode 0755 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216299 - SV-216299r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020300
Vuln IDs
  • V-216299
  • V-59827
Rule IDs
  • SV-216299r603267_rule
  • SV-74257
If the startup files are writable by other users, these users could modify the startup files to insert malicious commands into the startup files.
Checks: C-17535r370985_chk

Check run control script modes. # ls -lL /etc/rc* /etc/init.d /lib/svc/method If any run control script has a mode more permissive than 0755, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17533r370986_fix

Ensure all system startup files have mode 0755 or less permissive. Examine the rc files, and all files in the rc1.d (rc2.d, and so on) directories, and in the /etc/init.d and /lib/svc/method directories to ensure they are not world writable. If they are world writable, use the chmod command to correct the vulnerability and to research why. Procedure: # chmod go-w <startupfile>

b
All run control scripts must have no extended ACLs.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216300 - SV-216300r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020310
Vuln IDs
  • V-216300
  • V-59829
Rule IDs
  • SV-216300r603267_rule
  • SV-74259
If the startup files are writable by other users, these users could modify the startup files to insert malicious commands into the startup files.
Checks: C-17536r370988_chk

Verify run control scripts have no extended ACLs. # ls -lL /etc/rc* /etc/init.d If the permissions include a "+", the file has an extended ACL and this is a finding.

Fix: F-17534r370989_fix

Remove the extended ACL from the file. # chmod A- [run control script with extended ACL]

b
Run control scripts executable search paths must contain only authorized paths.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216301 - SV-216301r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020320
Vuln IDs
  • V-216301
  • V-59831
Rule IDs
  • SV-216301r603267_rule
  • SV-74261
The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, executables in these directories may be executed instead of system commands. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.
Checks: C-17537r370991_chk

Verify run control scripts' executable search paths. Procedure: # find /etc/rc* /etc/init.d /lib/svc/method -type f -print | xargs grep -i PATH This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon or two consecutive colons, this is a finding. If an entry begins with a character other than a slash (/), or has not been documented with the ISSO, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17535r370992_fix

Edit the run control script and remove the relative path entries from the executable search path variable that have not been documented with the ISSO. Edit the run control script and remove any empty path entries from the file.

b
Run control scripts library search paths must contain only authorized paths.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216302 - SV-216302r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020330
Vuln IDs
  • V-216302
  • V-59833
Rule IDs
  • SV-216302r603267_rule
  • SV-74263
The library search path environment variable(s) contain a list of directories for the dynamic linker to search to find libraries. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, libraries in these directories may be loaded instead of system libraries. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.
Checks: C-17538r370994_chk

Verify run control scripts' library search paths. # find /etc/rc* /etc/init.d -type f -print | xargs grep LD_LIBRARY_PATH This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, or two consecutive colons, this is a finding. If an entry begins with a character other than a slash (/), or has not been documented with the ISSO, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17536r370995_fix

Edit the run control script and remove the relative path entries from the library search path variables that have not been documented with the ISSO. Edit the run control script and remove any empty path entries from the file.

b
Run control scripts lists of preloaded libraries must contain only authorized paths.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216303 - SV-216303r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020340
Vuln IDs
  • V-216303
  • V-59835
Rule IDs
  • SV-216303r603267_rule
  • SV-74265
The library preload list environment variable contains a list of libraries for the dynamic linker to load before loading the libraries required by the binary. If this list contains paths to libraries to the current working directory that have not been authorized, unintended libraries may be preloaded. This variable is formatted as a space-separated list of libraries. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.
Checks: C-17539r370997_chk

Verify run control scripts' library preload list. Procedure: # find /etc/rc* /etc/init.d -type f -print | xargs grep LD_PRELOAD This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of paths. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, or two consecutive colons, this is a finding. If an entry begins with a character other than a slash (/), or has not been documented with the ISSO, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17537r370998_fix

Edit the run control script and remove the relative path entries from the library preload variables that have not been documented with the ISSO. Edit the run control script and remove any empty path entries from the file.

b
Run control scripts must not execute world writable programs or scripts.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216304 - SV-216304r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020350
Vuln IDs
  • V-216304
  • V-59837
Rule IDs
  • SV-216304r603267_rule
  • SV-74267
World writable files could be modified accidentally or maliciously to compromise system integrity.
Checks: C-17540r371000_chk

Check the permissions on the files or scripts executed from system startup scripts to see if they are world writable. Create a list of all potential run command level scripts. # ls -l /etc/init.d/* /etc/rc* | tr '\011' ' ' | tr -s ' ' | cut -f 9,9 -d " " Create a list of world writable files. # find / -perm -002 -type f &gt;&gt; WorldWritableFileList Determine if any of the world writeable files in "WorldWritableFileList" are called from the run command level scripts. Note: Depending upon the number of scripts vs. world writable files, it may be easier to inspect the scripts manually. # more `ls -l /etc/init.d/* /etc/rc* | tr '\011' ' ' | tr -s ' ' | cut -f 9,9 -d " "` If any system startup script executes any file or script that is world writable, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17538r371001_fix

Remove the world writable permission from programs or scripts executed by run control scripts. Procedure: # chmod o-w <program or script executed from run control script>

b
All system start-up files must be owned by root.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216305 - SV-216305r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020360
Vuln IDs
  • V-216305
  • V-59839
Rule IDs
  • SV-216305r603267_rule
  • SV-74269
System start-up files not owned by root could lead to system compromise by allowing malicious users or applications to modify them for unauthorized purposes. This could lead to system and network compromise.
Checks: C-17541r371003_chk

Check run control scripts' ownership. # ls -lL /etc/rc* /etc/init.d If any run control script is not owned by root, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17539r371004_fix

Change the ownership of the run control script(s) with incorrect ownership. # chown root <run control script>

b
All system start-up files must be group-owned by root, sys, or bin.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216306 - SV-216306r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020370
Vuln IDs
  • V-216306
  • V-59841
Rule IDs
  • SV-216306r603267_rule
  • SV-74271
If system start-up files do not have a group owner of root or a system group, the files may be modified by malicious users or intruders.
Checks: C-17542r371006_chk

Check run control scripts' group ownership. Procedure: # ls -lL /etc/rc* /etc/init.d If any run control script is not group-owned by root, sys, or bin, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17540r371007_fix

Change the group ownership of the run control script(s) with incorrect group ownership. Procedure: # chgrp root <run control script>

b
System start-up files must only execute programs owned by a privileged UID or an application.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216307 - SV-216307r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020380
Vuln IDs
  • V-216307
  • V-59843
Rule IDs
  • SV-216307r603267_rule
  • SV-74273
System start-up files executing programs owned by other than root (or another privileged user) or an application indicates the system may have been compromised.
Checks: C-17543r371009_chk

Determine the programs executed by system start-up files. Determine the ownership of the executed programs. # cat /etc/rc* /etc/init.d/* | more Check the ownership of every program executed by the system start-up files. # ls -l &lt;executed program&gt; If any executed program is not owned by root, sys, bin, or in rare cases, an application account, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17541r371010_fix

Change the ownership of the file executed from system startup scripts to root, bin, or sys. # chown root <executed file>

b
Any X Windows host must write .Xauthority files.
CM-2 - Medium - CCI-000297 - V-216308 - SV-216308r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000297
Version
SOL-11.1-020500
Vuln IDs
  • V-216308
  • V-61003
Rule IDs
  • SV-216308r603267_rule
  • SV-75471
.Xauthority files ensure the user is authorized to access the specific X Windows host. If .Xauthority files are not used, it may be possible to obtain unauthorized access to the X Windows host.
Checks: C-17544r371012_chk

If X Display Manager (XDM) is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Determine if XDM is running. Procedure: # ps -ef | grep xdm If X Display Manager (XDM) is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Determine if XDM is running. Procedure: # ps -ef | grep xdm Check for .Xauthority files being utilized by looking for such files in the home directory of a user that uses X. Procedure: # cd ~someuser # ls -la .Xauthority If the .Xauthority file does not exist, ask the SA if the user is using X Windows. If the user is utilizing X Windows and the .Xauthority file does not exist, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17542r371013_fix

Ensure the X Windows host is configured to write .Xauthority files into user home directories. Edit the Xaccess file. Ensure the line that writes the .Xauthority file is uncommented.

b
All .Xauthority files must have mode 0600 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216309 - SV-216309r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020510
Vuln IDs
  • V-216309
  • V-61005
Rule IDs
  • SV-216309r603267_rule
  • SV-75473
.Xauthority files ensure the user is authorized to access the specific X Windows host. Excessive permissions may permit unauthorized modification of these files, which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized access or allow unauthorized access to be obtained.
Checks: C-17545r371015_chk

If X Display Manager (XDM) is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Determine if XDM is running. Procedure: # ps -ef | grep xdm Check the file permissions for the .Xauthority files in the home directories of users of X. Procedure: # cd ~&lt;X user&gt; # ls -lL .Xauthority If the file mode is more permissive than 0600, this is finding.

Fix: F-17543r371016_fix

Change the mode of the .Xauthority files. Procedure: # chmod 0600 .Xauthority

b
The .Xauthority files must not have extended ACLs.
AC-6 - Medium - CCI-000225 - V-216310 - SV-216310r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000225
Version
SOL-11.1-020520
Vuln IDs
  • V-216310
  • V-61023
Rule IDs
  • SV-216310r603267_rule
  • SV-75491
.Xauthority files ensure the user is authorized to access the specific X Windows host. Extended ACLs may permit unauthorized modification of these files, which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized access or allow unauthorized access to be obtained.
Checks: C-17546r371018_chk

If X Display Manager (XDM) is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Determine if XDM is running. Procedure: # ps -ef | grep xdm Check the file permissions for the .Xauthority files. # ls -lL .Xauthority If the permissions include a "+", the file has an extended ACL and this is a finding.

Fix: F-17544r371019_fix

Remove the extended ACL from the file. # chmod A- .Xauthority

c
X displays must not be exported to the world.
AC-6 - High - CCI-000225 - V-216311 - SV-216311r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000225
Version
SOL-11.1-020530
Vuln IDs
  • V-216311
  • V-61025
Rule IDs
  • SV-216311r603267_rule
  • SV-75493
Open X displays allow an attacker to capture keystrokes and to execute commands remotely. Many users have their X Server set to xhost +, permitting access to the X Server by anyone, from anywhere.
Checks: C-17547r371021_chk

If X Windows is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Check the output of the xhost command from an X terminal. Procedure: $ xhost If the output reports access control is enabled (and possibly lists the hosts that can receive X Window logins), this is not a finding. If the xhost command returns a line indicating access control is disabled, this is a finding. NOTE: It may be necessary to define the display if the command reports it cannot open the display. Procedure: $ DISPLAY=MachineName:0.0; export DISPLAY MachineName may be replaced with an Internet Protocol Address. Repeat the check procedure after setting the display.

Fix: F-17545r371022_fix

If using an xhost-type authentication the xhost - command can be used to remove current trusted hosts and then selectively allow only trusted hosts to connect with xhost + commands. A cryptographically secure authentication, such as provided by the xauth program, is always preferred. Refer to your X11 server's documentation for further security information.

b
.Xauthority or X*.hosts (or equivalent) file(s) must be used to restrict access to the X server.
CM-2 - Medium - CCI-000297 - V-216312 - SV-216312r603857_rule
RMF Control
CM-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000297
Version
SOL-11.1-020540
Vuln IDs
  • V-216312
  • V-61027
Rule IDs
  • SV-216312r603857_rule
  • SV-75495
If access to the X server is not restricted, a user's X session may be compromised.
Checks: C-17548r622320_chk

If X Display Manager (XDM) is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Determine if XDM is running. Procedure: # ps -ef | grep xdm Determine if xauth is being used. Procedure: # xauth xauth&gt; list If the above command sequence does not show any host other than the localhost, then xauth is not being used. Search the system for an X*.hosts files, where * is a display number that may be used to limit X window connections. If no files are found, X*.hosts files are not being used. If the X*.hosts files contain any unauthorized hosts, this is a finding. If both xauth and X*.hosts files are not being used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17546r371025_fix

Create an X*.hosts file, where * is a display number that may be used to limit X window connections. Add the list of authorized X clients to the file.

b
The .Xauthority utility must only permit access to authorized hosts.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216313 - SV-216313r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020550
Vuln IDs
  • V-216313
  • V-61029
Rule IDs
  • SV-216313r603267_rule
  • SV-75497
If unauthorized clients are permitted access to the X server, a user's X session may be compromised.
Checks: C-17549r371027_chk

If X Display Manager (XDM) is not used on the system, this is not applicable. Determine if XDM is running. Procedure: # ps -ef | grep xdm Check the X Window system access is limited to authorized clients. Procedure: # xauth xauth&gt; list Ask the SA if the clients listed are authorized. If any are not, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17547r371028_fix

Remove unauthorized clients from the xauth configuration. Procedure: # xauth remove <display name>

b
X Window System connections that are not required must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216314 - SV-216314r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-020560
Vuln IDs
  • V-216314
  • V-61031
Rule IDs
  • SV-216314r603267_rule
  • SV-75499
If unauthorized clients are permitted access to the X server, a user's X session may be compromised.
Checks: C-17550r371030_chk

Determine if the X Window system is running. Procedure: # ps -ef |grep X Ask the SA if the X Window system is an operational requirement. If it is not, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17548r371031_fix

Disable the X Windows server on the system.

b
The graphical login service provides the capability of logging into the system using an X-Windows type interface from the console. If graphical login access for the console is required, the service must be in local-only mode.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216315 - SV-216315r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-030010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216315
  • V-47929
Rule IDs
  • SV-216315r603267_rule
  • SV-60801
Externally accessible graphical desktop software may open the system to remote attacks.
Checks: C-17551r371033_chk

Determine if the X11 server system is providing remote services on the network. # svcprop -p options/tcp_listen svc:/application/x11/x11-server If the output of the command is "true" and network access to graphical user login is not required, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17549r371034_fix

The System Administrator profile is required: Configure the X11 server for local system only graphics access. # pfexec svccfg -s svc:/application/x11/x11-server setprop options/tcp_listen=false

a
Generic Security Services (GSS) must be disabled.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216316 - SV-216316r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-030030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216316
  • V-47931
Rule IDs
  • SV-216316r603267_rule
  • SV-60803
This service should be disabled if it is not required.
Checks: C-17552r371036_chk

Determine the status of the Generic Security Services. # svcs -Ho state svc:/network/rpc/gss If the GSS service is reported as online, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17550r371037_fix

The Service Management profile is required: Disable the GSS service. # pfexec svcadm disable svc:/network/rpc/gss

a
Systems services that are not required must be disabled.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216317 - SV-216317r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-030040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216317
  • V-47933
Rule IDs
  • SV-216317r603267_rule
  • SV-60805
Services that are enabled but not required by the mission may provide excessive access or additional attack vectors to penetrate the system.
Checks: C-17553r371039_chk

Determine all of the systems services that are enabled on the system. # svcs -a | grep online Document all enabled services and disable any that are not required.

Fix: F-17551r371040_fix

The Service Management profile is required: Disable any other service not required. # pfexec svcadm disable [service name]

b
TCP Wrappers must be enabled and configured per site policy to only allow access by approved hosts and services.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216318 - SV-216318r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-030050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216318
  • V-47935
Rule IDs
  • SV-216318r603267_rule
  • SV-60807
TCP Wrappers are a host-based access control system that allows administrators to control who has access to various network services based on the IP address of the remote end of the connection. TCP Wrappers also provide logging information via syslog about both successful and unsuccessful connections.
Checks: C-17554r371042_chk

Check that TCP Wrappers are enabled and the host.deny and host.allow files exist. # inetadm -p | grep tcp_wrappers If the output of this command is "tcp_wrappers=FALSE", this is a finding. # ls /etc/hosts.deny /etc/hosts.deny # ls /etc/hosts.allow /etc/hosts.allow If these files do not exist or do not contain the names of allowed or denied hosts, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17552r371043_fix

The root role is required. To enable TCP Wrappers, run the following commands: 1. Create and customize your policy in /etc/hosts.allow: # echo "ALL: [net]/[mask], [net]/[mask], ..." > /etc/hosts.allow where each [net>/[mask> combination (for example, the Class C address block "192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0") can represent one network block in use by your organization that requires access to this system. 2. Create a default deny policy in /etc/hosts.deny: # echo "ALL: ALL" >/etc/hosts.deny 3. Enable TCP Wrappers for all services started by inetd: # inetadm -M tcp_wrappers=TRUE The versions of SunSSH (0.5.11) and sendmail that ship with Solaris 11 will automatically use TCP Wrappers to filter access if a hosts.allow or hosts.deny file exists. The use of OpenSSH access is controlled by the sshd_config file starting with Solaris 11.3. SunSSH is removed starting with Solaris 11.4.

b
User passwords must be changed at least every 60 days.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000199 - V-216321 - SV-216321r646926_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000199
Version
SOL-11.1-040010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216321
  • V-47943
Rule IDs
  • SV-216321r646926_rule
  • SV-60815
Limiting the lifespan of authenticators limits the period of time an unauthorized user has access to the system while using compromised credentials and reduces the period of time available for password-guessing attacks to run against a single password. Solaris 11.4 introduced new password security features that allow for a more granular approach to password duration parameters. The introduction of MAXDAYS, MINDAYS, and WARNDAYS allow the /etc/default/passwd configuration file to enforce a password change every 60 Days.
Checks: C-17557r646925_chk

The root role is required. Determine if user passwords are properly configured to be changed every 60 days. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # logins -ox |awk -F: '( $1 != "root" &amp;&amp; $8 != "LK" &amp;&amp; $8 != "NL" &amp;&amp; ( $11 &gt; “56" || $11 &lt; “1" )) { print }' If output is returned and the listed account is accessed via direct logon, this is a finding. Check that /etc/default/password is configured to enforce password expiration every 8 weeks or less. # grep "^MAXWEEKS=" /etc/default/passwd If the command does not report MAXWEEKS=8 or less, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # logins -ox |awk -F: '( $1 != "root" &amp;&amp; $8 != "LK" &amp;&amp; $8 != "NL" &amp;&amp; ($11 &gt; "60"|| $11 &lt; "1")) { print }' If output is returned and the listed account is accessed via direct logon, this is a finding. Check that /etc/default/password is configured to enforce password expiration every 60 days or less. Note: It is an error to set both the WEEKS and the DAYS variant for a given MIN/MAX/WARN variable. # grep "^MAXDAYS=" /etc/default/passwd If the command does not report MAXDAYS=60 or less, this is a finding. # grep "^MAXWEEKS=" /etc/default/passwd If output is returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17555r622323_fix

The User Security role is required. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: Change each username to enforce 56 day password changes. # pfexec passwd -x 56 [username] # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Search for MAXWEEKS. Change the line to read: MAXWEEKS=8 For Solaris 11.4 or newer: Change each username to enforce 60 day password changes. # pfexec passwd -x 60 [username] # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Note: It is an error to set both the WEEKS and the DAYS variant for a given MIN/MAX/WARN variable. Search for MAXDAYS. Change the line to read: MAXDAYS=60 Search for MAXWEEKS. Change the line to read: #MAXWEEKS=

a
The operating system must automatically terminate temporary accounts within 72 hours.
AC-2 - Low - CCI-000016 - V-216322 - SV-216322r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000016
Version
SOL-11.1-040020
Vuln IDs
  • V-216322
  • V-47949
Rule IDs
  • SV-216322r603267_rule
  • SV-60821
If temporary user accounts remain active when no longer needed or for an excessive period, these accounts may be used to gain unauthorized access. To mitigate this risk, automated termination of all temporary accounts must be set upon account creation. Temporary accounts are established as part of normal account activation procedures when there is a need for short-term accounts without the demand for immediacy in account activation. If temporary accounts are used, the operating system must be configured to automatically terminate these types of accounts after a DoD-defined time period of 72 hours. When temporary and emergency accounts are created, there is a risk the temporary account may remain in place and active after the need for the account no longer exists. To address this, in the event temporary accounts are required, accounts designated as temporary in nature must be automatically terminated after 72 hours. Such a process and capability greatly reduces the risk of accounts being misused, hijacked, or data compromised.
Checks: C-17558r371054_chk

The root role is required. Determine if an expiration date is set for temporary accounts. # logins -aox |awk -F: '($14 == "0") {print}' This command produces a list of accounts with no expiration date set. If any of these accounts are temporary accounts, this is a finding. # logins -aox |awk -F: '($14 != "0") {print}' This command produces a list of accounts with an expiration date set as defined in the last field. If any accounts have a date that is not within 72 hours, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17556r371055_fix

The User Security role is required. Apply an expiration date to temporary users. # pfexec usermod -e "[date]" [username] Enter the date in the form mm/dd/yyyy such that it is within 72 hours.

b
The operating system must enforce minimum password lifetime restrictions.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000198 - V-216323 - SV-216323r603863_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000198
Version
SOL-11.1-040030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216323
  • V-47953
Rule IDs
  • SV-216323r603863_rule
  • SV-60825
Passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals; however, if the information system or application allows the user to immediately and continually change their password, then the password could be repeatedly changed in a short period of time, defeating the organization's policy regarding password reuse. Solaris 11.4 introduced new password security features that allow for a more granular approach to password duration parameters. The introduction of MAXDAYS, MINDAYS, and WARNDAYS allow the /etc/default/passwd configuration file to enforce a minimum password lifetime of a single day.
Checks: C-17559r622325_chk

The root role is required. Check whether the minimum time period between password changes for each user account is 1 day or greater. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # logins -ox |awk -F: '( $1 != "root" &amp;&amp; $8 != "LK" &amp;&amp; $8 != "NL" &amp;&amp; $10 &lt; "1" ) { print }' If output is returned and the listed account is accessed via direct logon, this is a finding. Check that /etc/default/password is configured to minimum password change time of 1 week. # grep "^MINWEEKS=" /etc/default/passwd If the command does not report MINWEEKS=1 or more, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # logins -ox |awk -F: '( $1 != "root" &amp;&amp; $8 != "LK" &amp;&amp; $8 != "NL" &amp;&amp; $10 &lt; "1" ) { print }' If output is returned and the listed account is accessed via direct logon, this is a finding. Check that /etc/default/password is configured to minimum password change time of 1 day. Note: It is an error to set both the WEEKS and the DAYS variant for a given MIN/MAX/WARN variable. # grep "^MINDAYS=" /etc/default/passwd If the command does not report MINDAYS=1 or more, this is a finding. # grep "^MINWEEKS=" /etc/default/passwd If output is returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17557r622326_fix

The root role is required. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfedit /etc/default/passwd file. Locate the line containing: MINWEEKS Change the line to read: MINWEEKS=1 Set the per-user minimum password change times by using the following command on each user account. # passwd -n [number of days] [accountname] For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfedit /etc/default/passwd file. Note: It is an error to set both the WEEKS and the DAYS variant for a given MIN/MAX/WARN variable. Search for MINDAYS. Change the line to read: MINDAYS=1 Search for MINWEEKS. Change the line to read: #MINWEEKS= Set the per-user minimum password change times by using the following command on each user account. # passwd -n [number of days] [accountname]

b
User passwords must be at least 15 characters in length.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000205 - V-216324 - SV-216324r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000205
Version
SOL-11.1-040040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216324
  • V-47957
Rule IDs
  • SV-216324r603267_rule
  • SV-60829
Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. The shorter the password is, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.
Checks: C-17560r371060_chk

Check the system password length setting. # grep ^PASSLENGTH /etc/default/passwd If PASSLENGTH is not set to 15 or more, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17558r371061_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Locate the line containing: PASSLENGTH Change the line to read PASSLENGTH=15

b
Users must not reuse the last 5 passwords.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000200 - V-216325 - SV-216325r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000200
Version
SOL-11.1-040050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216325
  • V-47961
Rule IDs
  • SV-216325r603267_rule
  • SV-60833
Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting guessing and brute-force attacks. To meet password policy requirements, passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals. If the operating system allows the user to consecutively reuse their password when the password has exceeded its defined lifetime, the end result is a password that is not changed, per policy requirements.
Checks: C-17561r371063_chk

Determine if the password history setting is configured properly. # grep ^HISTORY /etc/default/passwd If HISTORY is commented out or is not set to 5 or more, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17559r371064_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Locate the line containing: HISTORY Change the line to read: HISTORY=5

b
The system must require at least eight characters be changed between the old and new passwords during a password change.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000195 - V-216326 - SV-216326r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000195
Version
SOL-11.1-040060
Vuln IDs
  • V-216326
  • V-47967
Rule IDs
  • SV-216326r603267_rule
  • SV-60839
To ensure password changes are effective in their goals, the system must ensure old and new passwords have significant differences. Without significant changes, new passwords may be easily guessed based on the value of a previously compromised password.
Checks: C-17562r371066_chk

Check /etc/default/passwd to verify the MINDIFF setting. # grep ^MINDIFF /etc/default/passwd If the setting is not present, or is less than 8, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17560r371067_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Search for MINDIFF. Change the line to read: MINDIFF=8

b
The system must require passwords to contain at least one uppercase alphabetic character.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000192 - V-216327 - SV-216327r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000192
Version
SOL-11.1-040070
Vuln IDs
  • V-216327
  • V-47971
Rule IDs
  • SV-216327r603267_rule
  • SV-60843
Complex passwords can reduce the likelihood of success of automated password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17563r371069_chk

Check the MINUPPER setting. # grep ^MINUPPER /etc/default/passwd If MINUPPER is not set to 1 or more, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17561r371070_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Locate the line containing: MINUPPER Change the line to read: MINUPPER=1

b
The operating system must enforce password complexity requiring that at least one lowercase character is used.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000193 - V-216328 - SV-216328r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000193
Version
SOL-11.1-040080
Vuln IDs
  • V-216328
  • V-47981
Rule IDs
  • SV-216328r603267_rule
  • SV-60853
Complex passwords can reduce the likelihood of success of automated password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17564r371072_chk

Check the MINLOWER setting. # grep ^MINLOWER /etc/default/passwd If MINLOWER is not set to 1 or more, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17562r371073_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Locate the line containing: MINLOWER Change the line to read: MINLOWER=1

b
The system must require passwords to contain at least one numeric character.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000194 - V-216329 - SV-216329r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000194
Version
SOL-11.1-040090
Vuln IDs
  • V-216329
  • V-47989
Rule IDs
  • SV-216329r603267_rule
  • SV-60861
Complex passwords can reduce the likelihood of success of automated password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17565r371075_chk

Check the MINDIGIT setting. # grep ^MINDIGIT /etc/default/passwd If the MINDIGIT setting is less than 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17563r371076_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Locate the line containing: MINDIGIT Change the line to read: MINDIGIT=1

b
The system must require passwords to contain at least one special character.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-001619 - V-216330 - SV-216330r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001619
Version
SOL-11.1-040100
Vuln IDs
  • V-216330
  • V-47991
Rule IDs
  • SV-216330r603267_rule
  • SV-60863
Complex passwords can reduce the likelihood of success of automated password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17566r371078_chk

Check the MINSPECIAL setting. # grep ^MINSPECIAL /etc/default/passwd If the MINSPECIAL setting is less than 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17564r371079_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd a Locate the line containing: MINSPECIAL Change the line to read: MINSPECIAL=1

a
The system must require passwords to contain no more than three consecutive repeating characters.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216331 - SV-216331r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040110
Vuln IDs
  • V-216331
  • V-47993
Rule IDs
  • SV-216331r603267_rule
  • SV-60865
Complex passwords can reduce the likelihood of success of automated password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17567r371081_chk

Check the MAXREPEATS setting. # grep ^MAXREPEATS /etc/default/passwd If the MAXREPEATS setting is greater than 3, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17565r371082_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Locate the line containing: MAXREPEATS Change the line to read: MAXREPEATS=3

b
The system must not have accounts configured with blank or null passwords.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216332 - SV-216332r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040120
Vuln IDs
  • V-216332
  • V-47999
Rule IDs
  • SV-216332r603267_rule
  • SV-60871
Complex passwords can reduce the likelihood of success of automated password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17568r371084_chk

The root role is required. Determine if accounts with blank or null passwords exist. # logins -po If any account is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17566r371085_fix

The root role is required. Remove, lock, or configure a password for any account with a blank password. # passwd [username] or Use the passwd -l command to lock accounts that are not permitted to execute commands. or Use the passwd -N command to set accounts to be non-login.

b
Systems must employ cryptographic hashes for passwords using the SHA-2 family of algorithms or FIPS 140-2 approved successors.
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000196 - V-216333 - SV-216333r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000196
Version
SOL-11.1-040130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216333
  • V-48243
Rule IDs
  • SV-216333r603267_rule
  • SV-61115
Cryptographic hashes provide quick password authentication while not actually storing the password.
Checks: C-17569r371087_chk

Determine which cryptographic algorithms are configured. # grep ^CRYPT /etc/security/policy.conf If the command output does not include the lines: CRYPT_DEFAULT=6 CRYPT_ALGORITHMS_ALLOW=5,6 this is a finding.

Fix: F-17567r371088_fix

The root role is required. Configure the system to disallow the use of UNIX encryption and enable SHA256 as the default encryption hash. # pfedit /etc/security/policy.conf Check that the lines: CRYPT_DEFAULT=6 CRYPT_ALGORITHMS_ALLOW=5,6 exist and are not commented out.

b
The system must disable accounts after three consecutive unsuccessful login attempts.
AC-7 - Medium - CCI-000044 - V-216334 - SV-216334r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000044
Version
SOL-11.1-040140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216334
  • V-48245
Rule IDs
  • SV-216334r603267_rule
  • SV-61117
Allowing continued access to accounts on the system exposes them to brute-force password-guessing attacks.
Checks: C-17570r371090_chk

Verify RETRIES is set in the login file. # grep ^RETRIES /etc/default/login If the output is not RETRIES=3 or fewer, this is a finding. Verify the account locks after invalid login attempts. # grep ^LOCK_AFTER_RETRIES /etc/security/policy.conf If the output is not LOCK_AFTER_RETRIES=YES, this is a finding. For each user in the system, use the command: # userattr lock_after_retries [username] to determine if the user overrides the system value. If the output of this command is "no", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17568r371091_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/login Change the line: #RETRIES=5 to read RETRIES=3 pfedit /etc/security/policy.conf Change the line containing #LOCK_AFTER_RETRIES to read: LOCK_AFTER_RETRIES=YES If a user has lock_after_retries set to "no", update the user's attributes using the command: # usermod -K lock_after_retries=yes [username]

b
The delay between login prompts following a failed login attempt must be at least 4 seconds.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216335 - SV-216335r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040160
Vuln IDs
  • V-216335
  • V-48043
Rule IDs
  • SV-216335r603267_rule
  • SV-60915
As an immediate return of an error message, coupled with the capability to try again, may facilitate automatic and rapid-fire brute-force password attacks by a malicious user.
Checks: C-17571r371093_chk

Check the SLEEPTIME parameter in the /etc/default/login file. # grep ^SLEEPTIME /etc/default/login If the output is not SLEEPTIME=4 or more, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17569r371094_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit the /etc/default/login Locate the line containing: SLEEPTIME Change the line to read: SLEEPTIME=4

b
The system must require users to re-authenticate to unlock a graphical desktop environment.
AC-11 - Medium - CCI-000056 - V-216336 - SV-216336r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000056
Version
SOL-11.1-040170
Vuln IDs
  • V-216336
  • V-48045
Rule IDs
  • SV-216336r603267_rule
  • SV-60917
Allowing access to a graphical environment when the user is not attending the system can allow unauthorized users access to the system.
Checks: C-17572r371096_chk

If the system is not running XWindows, this check does not apply. Determine if the screen saver timeout is configured properly. # grep "^\*timeout:" /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver If the output is not: *timeout: 0:15:00 or a shorter time interval, this is a finding. # grep "^\*lockTimeout:" /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver If the output is not: *lockTimeout: 0:00:05 or a shorter time interval, this is a finding. # grep "^\*lock:" /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver If the output is not: *lock: True this is a finding. For each existing user, check the configuring of their personal .xscreensaver file. # grep "^timeout:" $HOME/.xscreensaver If the output is not: timeout: 0:15:00 or a shorter time interval, this is a finding. # grep "^lockTimeout:" $HOME/.xscreensaver If the output is not: lockTimeout: 0:00:05 or a shorter time interval, this is a finding. # grep "^lock:" $HOME/.xscreensaver If the output is not: lock: True this is a finding.

Fix: F-17570r371097_fix

The root role is required. Edit the global screensaver configuration file to ensure 15 minute screen lock. # pfedit /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver Find the timeout control lines and change them to read: *timeout: 0:15:00 *lockTimeout: 0:00:05 *lock: True For each user on the system, edit their local $HOME/.xscreensaver file and change the timeout values. # pfedit $HOME/.xscreensaver Find the timeout control lines and change them to read: timeout: 0:15:00 lockTimeout: 0:00:05 lock: True

b
Graphical desktop environments provided by the system must automatically lock after 15 minutes of inactivity.
AC-11 - Medium - CCI-000057 - V-216337 - SV-216337r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000057
Version
SOL-11.1-040180
Vuln IDs
  • V-216337
  • V-48047
Rule IDs
  • SV-216337r603267_rule
  • SV-60919
Allowing access to a graphical environment when the user is not attending the system can allow unauthorized users access to the system.
Checks: C-17573r371099_chk

If the system is not running XWindows, this check does not apply. Determine if the screen saver timeout is configured properly. # grep "^\*timeout:" /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver If the output is not: *timeout: 0:15:00 this is a finding. # grep "^\*lockTimeout:" /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver If the output is not: *lockTimeout: 0:00:05 this is a finding. # grep "^\*lock:" /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver If the output is not: *lock: True this is a finding. For each existing user, check the configuration of their personal .xscreensaver file. # grep "^lock:" $HOME/.xscreensaver If the output is not: *lock: True this is a finding. grep "^lockTimeout:" $HOME/.xscreensaver If the output is not: *lockTimeout: 0:00:05 this is a finding.

Fix: F-17571r371100_fix

The root role is required. Edit the global screensaver configuration file to ensure 15 minute screen lock. # pfedit /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver Find the timeout control lines and change them to read: *timeout: 0:15:00 *lockTimeout:0:00:05 *lock: True For each user on the system, edit their local $HOME/.xscreensaver file and change the timeout values. # pfedit $HOME/.xscreensaver Find the timeout control lines and change them to read: timeout: 0:15:00 lockTimeout:0:00:05 lock: True

b
The system must prevent the use of dictionary words for passwords.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216338 - SV-216338r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040190
Vuln IDs
  • V-216338
  • V-48053
Rule IDs
  • SV-216338r603267_rule
  • SV-60925
The use of common words in passwords simplifies password-cracking attacks.
Checks: C-17574r371102_chk

Check /etc/default/passwd for dictionary check configuration. # grep ^DICTION /etc/default/passwd If the DICTIONLIST or DICTIONDBDIR settings are not present and are not set to: DICTIONLIST=/usr/share/lib/dict/words DICTIONDBDIR=/var/passwd this is a finding. Determine if the target files exist. # ls -l /usr/share/lib/dict/words /var/passwd If the files defined by DICTIONLIST or DICTIONBDIR are not present or are empty, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17572r371103_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/default/passwd Insert the lines: DICTIONLIST=/usr/share/lib/dict/words DICTIONDBDIR=/var/passwd Generate the password dictionary by running the mkpwdict command. # mkpwdict -s /usr/share/lib/dict/words

b
The operating system must require individuals to be authenticated with an individual authenticator prior to using a group authenticator.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-000770 - V-216340 - SV-216340r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000770
Version
SOL-11.1-040230
Vuln IDs
  • V-216340
  • V-48057
Rule IDs
  • SV-216340r603267_rule
  • SV-60929
Allowing any user to elevate their privileges can allow them excessive control of the system tools.
Checks: C-17576r371108_chk

Verify the root user is configured as a role, rather than a normal user. # userattr type root If the command does not return the word "role", this is a finding. Verify at least one local user has been assigned the root role. # grep '[:;]roles=root[^;]*' /etc/user_attr If no lines are returned, or no users are permitted to assume the root role, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17574r371109_fix

The root role is required. Convert the root user into a role. # usermod -K type=role root Add the root role to authorized users' logins. # usermod -R +root [username] Remove the root role from users who should not be authorized to assume it. # usermod -R -root [username]

b
The default umask for system and users must be 077.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216341 - SV-216341r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040250
Vuln IDs
  • V-216341
  • V-48061
Rule IDs
  • SV-216341r603267_rule
  • SV-60933
Setting a very secure default value for umask ensures that users make a conscious choice about their file permissions.
Checks: C-17577r371111_chk

The root role is required. Determine if the default umask is configured properly. # grep -i "^UMASK=" /etc/default/login If "UMASK=077" is not displayed, this is a finding. Check local initialization files: # cut -d: -f1 /etc/passwd | xargs -n1 -iUSER sh -c "grep umask ~USER/.*" If this command does not output a line indicating "umask 077" for each user, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17575r371112_fix

The root role is required. Edit local and global initialization files containing "umask" and change them to use 077. # pfedit /etc/default/login Insert the line UMASK=077 # pfedit [user initialization file] Insert the line umask 077

a
The default umask for FTP users must be 077.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216342 - SV-216342r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040260
Vuln IDs
  • V-216342
  • V-48071
Rule IDs
  • SV-216342r603267_rule
  • SV-60943
Setting a very secure default value for umask ensures that users make a conscious choice about their file permissions.
Checks: C-17578r371114_chk

The package service/network/ftp must be installed for this check. # pkg list service/network/ftp If the output of this command is: pkg list: no packages matching 'service/network/ftp' installed no further action is required. Determine if the FTP umask is set to 077. # egrep -i "^UMASK" /etc/proftpd.conf | awk '{ print $2 }' If 077 is not displayed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17576r371115_fix

The root role is required. # pkg list service/network/ftp If the output of this command is: pkg list: no packages matching 'service/network/ftp' installed no further action is required. Otherwise, edit the FTP configuration file. # pfedit /etc/proftpd.conf Locate the line containing: Umask Change the line to read: Umask 077

a
The value mesg n must be configured as the default setting for all users.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216343 - SV-216343r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040270
Vuln IDs
  • V-216343
  • V-48075
Rule IDs
  • SV-216343r603267_rule
  • SV-60947
The "mesg n" command blocks attempts to use the "write" or "talk" commands to contact users at their terminals, but has the side effect of slightly strengthening permissions on the user's TTY device.
Checks: C-17579r371117_chk

Determine if "mesg n" is the default for users. # grep "^mesg" /etc/.login # grep "^mesg" /etc/profile If either of these commands produces a line: mesg y this is a finding. For each existing user on the system, enter the command: # mesg If the command output is: is y this is a finding.

Fix: F-17577r371118_fix

The root role is required. Edit the default profile configuration files. # pfedit /etc/profile # pfedit /etc/.login In each file add a new line: mesg n For each user on the system, enter the command: # mesg n

b
User accounts must be locked after 35 days of inactivity.
AC-2 - Medium - CCI-000017 - V-216344 - SV-216344r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000017
Version
SOL-11.1-040280
Vuln IDs
  • V-216344
  • V-48079
Rule IDs
  • SV-216344r603267_rule
  • SV-60951
Attackers that are able to exploit an inactive account can potentially obtain and maintain undetected access to an application. Owners of inactive accounts will not notice if unauthorized access to their user account has been obtained. Operating systems need to track periods of user inactivity and disable accounts after 35 days of inactivity. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be hijacked, leading to a data compromise. This policy does not apply to either emergency accounts or infrequently used accounts. Infrequently used accounts are local logon accounts used by system administrators when network or normal logon/access is not available. Emergency accounts are administrator accounts created in response to crisis situations. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000003, SRG-OS-000118
Checks: C-36486r603061_chk

Determine whether the 35-day inactivity lock is configured properly. # useradd -D | xargs -n 1 | grep inactive |\ awk -F= '{ print $2 }' If the command returns a result other than 35, this is a finding. The root role is required for the "logins" command. For each configured user name and role name on the system, determine whether a 35-day inactivity period is configured. Replace [username] with an actual user name or role name. # logins -axo -l [username] | awk -F: '{ print $13 }' If these commands provide output other than 35, this is a finding.

Fix: F-36450r603062_fix

The root role is required. Perform the following to implement the recommended state: # useradd -D -f 35 To set this policy on a user account, use the command(s): # usermod -f 35 [username] To set this policy on a role account, use the command(s): # rolemod -f 35 [name]

b
Login services for serial ports must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216347 - SV-216347r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040310
Vuln IDs
  • V-216347
  • V-48087
Rule IDs
  • SV-216347r603267_rule
  • SV-60959
Login services should not be enabled on any serial ports that are not strictly required to support the mission of the system. This action can be safely performed even when console access is provided using a serial port.
Checks: C-17583r371129_chk

Determine if terminal login services are disabled. # svcs -Ho state svc:/system/console-login:terma # svcs -Ho state svc:/system/console-login:termb If the system/console-login services are not "disabled", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17581r371130_fix

The Service Operator profile is required. Disable serial terminal services. # pfexec svcadm disable svc:/system/console-login:terma # pfexec svcadm disable svc:/system/console-login:termb

b
Access to a domain console via telnet must be restricted to the local host.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216348 - SV-216348r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040315
Vuln IDs
  • V-216348
  • V-71495
Rule IDs
  • SV-216348r603267_rule
  • SV-86119
Telnet is an insecure protocol.
Checks: C-17584r371132_chk

This action applies only to the control domain. Determine the domain that you are currently securing. # virtinfo Domain role: LDoms control I/O service root The current domain is the control domain, which is also an I/O domain, the service domain, and a root I/O domain. If the current domain is not the control domain, this check does not apply. Determine if vnsd is in use. # svcs vntsd STATE STIME FMRI online Oct_08 svc:/ldoms/vntsd:default If the state is not "online", this is not applicable. Determine if a role has been created for domain console access. # cat /etc/user_attr | grep solaris.vntsd.consoles rolename::::type=role;auths=solaris.vntsd.consoles;profiles=All;roleauth=role If a role for "vntsd.consoles" is not established, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17582r371133_fix

The root role is required. This action applies only to the control domain. Determine the domain that you are currently securing. # virtinfo Domain role: LDoms control I/O service root The current domain is the control domain, which is also an I/O domain, the service domain, and a root I/O domain. If the current domain is not the control domain, this action does not apply. Create a password-controlled role that has the solaris.vntsd.consoles authorization, which permits access to all domain consoles. # roleadd -A solaris.vntsd.consoles [role-name] # passwd [role-name] Assign the new role to a user. # usermod -R [role-name] [username]

b
Access to a logical domain console must be restricted to authorized users.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216349 - SV-216349r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040316
Vuln IDs
  • V-216349
  • V-71497
Rule IDs
  • SV-216349r603267_rule
  • SV-86121
A logical domain is a discrete, logical grouping with its own operating system, resources, and identity within a single computer system. Access to the logical domain console provides system-level access to the OBP of the domain.
Checks: C-17585r371135_chk

The root role is required. This action applies only to the control domain. Determine the domain that you are currently securing. # virtinfo Domain role: LDoms control I/O service root The current domain is the control domain, which is also an I/O domain, the service domain, and a root I/O domain. If the current domain is not the control domain, this check does not apply. Determine if the vntsd service is online. # pfexec svcs vntsd If the service is not "online", this is not applicable. Check the status of the vntsd authorization property. # svcprop -p vntsd/authorization vntsd If the state is not true, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17583r371136_fix

The root role is required. This action applies only to the control domain. Determine the domain that you are currently securing. # virtinfo Domain role: LDoms control I/O service root The current domain is the control domain, which is also an I/O domain, the service domain, and a root I/O domain. If the current domain is not the control domain, this action does not apply. Configure the vntsd service to require authorization. # svccfg -s vntsd setprop vntsd/authorization = true The vntsd service must be restarted for the changes to take effect. # svcadm restart vntsd

b
The nobody access for RPC encryption key storage service must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216350 - SV-216350r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040320
Vuln IDs
  • V-216350
  • V-48089
Rule IDs
  • SV-216350r603267_rule
  • SV-60961
If login by the user "nobody" is allowed for secure RPC, there is an increased risk of system compromise. If keyserv holds a private key for the "nobody" user, it will be used by key_encryptsession to compute a magic phrase which can be easily recovered by a malicious user.
Checks: C-17586r462487_chk

Determine if the rpc-authdes package is installed: # pkg list solaris/legacy/security/rpc-authdes If the output of this command is: pkg list: no packages matching 'solaris/legacy/security/rpc-authdes' installed no further action is required. Determine if "nobody" access for keyserv is enabled. # grep "^ENABLE_NOBODY_KEYS=" /etc/default/keyserv If the output of the command is not: ENABLE_NOBODY_KEYS=NO this is a finding.

Fix: F-17584r462488_fix

Determine if the rpc-authdes package is installed: # pkg list solaris/legacy/security/rpc-authdes If the output of this command is: pkg list: no packages matching 'solaris/legacy/security/rpc-authdes' installed no further action is required. The root role is required. Modify the /etc/default/keyserv file. # pfedit /etc/default/keyserv Locate the line: #ENABLE_NOBODY_KEYS=YES Change it to: ENABLE_NOBODY_KEYS=NO

b
X11 forwarding for SSH must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216351 - SV-216351r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040330
Vuln IDs
  • V-216351
  • V-48093
Rule IDs
  • SV-216351r603267_rule
  • SV-60965
As enabling X11 Forwarding on the host can permit a malicious user to secretly open another X11 connection to another remote client during the session and perform unobtrusive activities such as keystroke monitoring, if the X11 services are not required for the system's intended function, they should be disabled or restricted as appropriate to the user's needs.
Checks: C-17587r371141_chk

Determine if X11 Forwarding is enabled. # grep "^X11Forwarding" /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output of this command is not: X11Forwarding no this is a finding.

Fix: F-17585r371142_fix

The root role is required. Modify the sshd_config file. # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the line containing: X11Forwarding Change it to: X11Forwarding no Restart the SSH service. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

a
Consecutive login attempts for SSH must be limited to 3.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216352 - SV-216352r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040340
Vuln IDs
  • V-216352
  • V-48099
Rule IDs
  • SV-216352r603267_rule
  • SV-60971
Setting the authentication login limit to a low value will disconnect the attacker and force a reconnect, which severely limits the speed of such brute-force attacks.
Checks: C-17588r462490_chk

Determine if consecutive login attempts are limited to 3. # grep "^MaxAuthTries" /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep -v Log If the output of this command is not: MaxAuthTries 6 this is a finding. Note: Solaris SSH MaxAuthTries of 6 maps to 3 actual failed attempts.

Fix: F-17586r462491_fix

The root role is required. Modify the sshd_config file. # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the line containing: MaxAuthTries Change it to: MaxAuthTries 6 Restart the SSH service. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh Note: Solaris SSH MaxAuthTries of 6 maps to 3 actual failed attempts.

b
The rhost-based authentication for SSH must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216353 - SV-216353r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040350
Vuln IDs
  • V-216353
  • V-48101
Rule IDs
  • SV-216353r603267_rule
  • SV-60973
Setting this parameter forces users to enter a password when authenticating with SSH.
Checks: C-17589r371147_chk

Determine if rhost-based authentication is enabled. # grep "^IgnoreRhosts" /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output is produced and it is not: IgnoreRhosts yes this is a finding. If the IgnoreRhosts line does not exist in the file, the default setting of "Yes" is automatically used and there is no finding.

Fix: F-17587r371148_fix

The root role is required. Modify the sshd_config file # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the line containing: IgnoreRhosts Change it to: IgnoreRhosts yes Restart the SSH service. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh This action will only set the IgnoreRhosts line if it already exists in the file to ensure that it is set to the proper value. If the IgnoreRhosts line does not exist in the file, the default setting of "Yes" is automatically used, so no additional changes are needed.

b
Direct root account login must not be permitted for SSH access.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216354 - SV-216354r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040360
Vuln IDs
  • V-216354
  • V-48103
Rule IDs
  • SV-216354r603267_rule
  • SV-60975
The system should not allow users to log in as the root user directly, as audited actions would be non-attributable to a specific user.
Checks: C-17590r371150_chk

Determine if root login is disabled for the SSH service. # grep "^PermitRootLogin" /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output of this command is not: PermitRootLogin no this is a finding.

Fix: F-17588r371151_fix

The root role is required. Modify the sshd_config file # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the line containing: PermitRootLogin Change it to: PermitRootLogin no Restart the SSH service. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

c
Login must not be permitted with empty/null passwords for SSH.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216355 - SV-216355r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040370
Vuln IDs
  • V-216355
  • V-48107
Rule IDs
  • SV-216355r603267_rule
  • SV-60979
Permitting login without a password is inherently risky.
Checks: C-17591r371153_chk

Determine if empty/null passwords are allowed for the SSH service. # grep "^PermitEmptyPasswords" /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output of this command is not: PermitEmptyPasswords no this is a finding.

Fix: F-17589r371154_fix

The root role is required. Modify the sshd_config file # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the line containing: PermitEmptyPasswords Change it to: PermitEmptyPasswords no Restart the SSH service. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

a
The operating system must terminate the network connection associated with a communications session at the end of the session or after 10 minutes of inactivity.
SC-10 - Low - CCI-001133 - V-216356 - SV-216356r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-10
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-001133
Version
SOL-11.1-040380
Vuln IDs
  • V-216356
  • V-48111
Rule IDs
  • SV-216356r603267_rule
  • SV-60983
This requirement applies to both internal and external networks. Terminating network connections associated with communications sessions means de-allocating associated TCP/IP address/port pairs at the operating system level. The time period of inactivity may, as the organization deems necessary, be a set of time periods by type of network access or for specific accesses.
Checks: C-17592r371156_chk

Determine if SSH is configured to disconnect sessions after 10 minutes of inactivity. # grep ClientAlive /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output of this command is not: ClientAliveInterval 600 ClientAliveCountMax 0 this is a finding.

Fix: F-17590r371157_fix

The root role is required. Configure the system to disconnect SSH sessions after 10 minutes of inactivity. Modify the sshd_config file: # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Modify or add the lines containing: ClientAliveInterval ClientAliveCountMax Change them to: ClientAliveInterval 600 ClientAliveCountMax 0 Restart the SSH service: # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

b
Host-based authentication for login-based services must be disabled.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216357 - SV-216357r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040390
Vuln IDs
  • V-216357
  • V-48113
Rule IDs
  • SV-216357r603267_rule
  • SV-60985
The use of .rhosts authentication is an insecure protocol and can be replaced with public-key authentication using Secure Shell. As automatic authentication settings in the .rhosts files can provide a malicious user with sensitive system credentials, the use of .rhosts files should be disabled.
Checks: C-17593r371159_chk

Note: This is the location for Solaris 11.1. For earlier versions, the information is in /etc/pam.conf. Determine if host-based authentication services are enabled. # grep 'pam_rhosts_auth.so.1' /etc/pam.conf /etc/pam.d/*| grep -vc '^#' If the returned result is not 0 (zero), this is a finding.

Fix: F-17591r371160_fix

Note: This is the location for Solaris 11.1. For earlier versions, the information is in /etc/pam.conf. The root role is required. # ls -l /etc/pam.d to identify the various configuration files used by PAM. Search each file for the pam_rhosts_auth.so.1 entry. # grep pam_rhosts_auth.so.1 [filename] Identify the file with the line pam_hosts_auth.so.1 in it. # pfedit [filename] Insert a comment character (#) at the beginning of the line containing "pam_hosts_auth.so.1".

b
The use of FTP must be restricted.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216358 - SV-216358r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040400
Vuln IDs
  • V-216358
  • V-48117
Rule IDs
  • SV-216358r603267_rule
  • SV-60989
FTP is an insecure protocol that transfers files and credentials in clear text, and can be replaced by using SFTP. However, if FTP is permitted for use in the environment, it is important to ensure that the default "system" accounts are not permitted to transfer files via FTP, especially the root role. Consider also adding the names of other privileged or shared accounts that may exist on the system such as user "oracle" and the account which the web server process runs under.
Checks: C-17594r371162_chk

The root role is required. Determine if the FTP server package is installed: # pkg list service/network/ftp If the output of this command is: pkg list: no packages matching 'service/network/ftp' installed no further action is required. If the FTP server is installed, determine if FTP access is restricted. # for user in `logins -s | awk '{ print $1 }'` \ aiuser noaccess nobody nobody4; do grep -w "${user}" /etc/ftpd/ftpusers &gt;/dev/null 2&gt;&amp;1 if [ $? != 0 ]; then echo "User '${user}' not in /etc/ftpd/ftpusers." fi done If output is returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17592r371163_fix

The root role is required. Determine if the FTP server package is installed: # pkg list service/network/ftp If the output of this command is: pkg list: no packages matching 'service/network/ftp' installed no further action is required. # for user in `logins -s | awk '{ print $1 }'` \ aiuser noaccess nobody nobody4; do $(echo $user >> /etc/ftpd/ftpusers) done # sort -u /etc/ftpd/ftpusers > /etc/ftpd/ftpusers.temp # mv /etc/ftpd/ftpusers.temp /etc/ftpd/ftpusers

c
The system must not allow autologin capabilities from the GNOME desktop.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216359 - SV-216359r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040410
Vuln IDs
  • V-216359
  • V-48121
Rule IDs
  • SV-216359r603267_rule
  • SV-60993
As automatic logins are a known security risk for other than "kiosk" types of systems, GNOME automatic login should be disabled in pam.conf.
Checks: C-17595r371165_chk

Determine if autologin is enabled for the GNOME desktop. # egrep "auth|account" /etc/pam.d/gdm-autologin | grep -vc ^# If the command returns other than "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17593r371166_fix

The root role is required. Modify the /etc/pam.d/gdm-autologin file. # pfedit /etc/pam.d/gdm-autologin Locate the lines: auth required pam_unix_cred.so.1 auth sufficient pam_allow.so.1 account sufficient pam_allow.so.1 Change the lines to read: #auth required pam_unix_cred.so.1 #auth sufficient pam_allow.so.1 #account sufficient pam_allow.so.1

b
Unauthorized use of the at or cron capabilities must not be permitted.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216360 - SV-216360r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040420
Vuln IDs
  • V-216360
  • V-48125
Rule IDs
  • SV-216360r603267_rule
  • SV-60997
On many systems, only the system administrator needs the ability to schedule jobs. Even though a given user is not listed in the "cron.allow" file, cron jobs can still be run as that user. The "cron.allow" file only controls administrative access to the "crontab" command for scheduling and modifying cron jobs. Much more effective access controls for the cron system can be obtained by using Role-Based Access Controls (RBAC).
Checks: C-17596r462427_chk

Check that "at" and "cron" users are configured correctly. # ls /etc/cron.d/cron.deny If cron.deny exists, this is a finding. # ls /etc/cron.d/at.deny If at.deny exists, this is a finding. # cat /etc/cron.d/cron.allow cron.allow should have a single entry for "root", or the cron.allow file is removed if using RBAC. If any accounts other than root that are listed and they are not properly documented with the IA staff, this is a finding. # wc -l /etc/cron.d/at.allow | awk '{ print $1 }' If the output is non-zero, this is a finding, or the at.allow file is removed if using RBAC.

Fix: F-17594r462428_fix

The root role is required. Modify the cron configuration files. # mv /etc/cron.d/cron.deny /etc/cron.d/cron.deny.temp # mv /etc/cron.d/at.deny /etc/cron.d/at.deny.temp Skip the remaining steps only if using the “solaris.jobs.user” RBAC role. # echo root > /etc/cron.d/cron.allow # cp /dev/null /etc/cron.d/at.allow # chown root:root /etc/cron.d/cron.allow /etc/cron.d/at.allow # chmod 400 /etc/cron.d/cron.allow /etc/cron.d/at.allow

b
Logins to the root account must be restricted to the system console only.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216361 - SV-216361r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040430
Vuln IDs
  • V-216361
  • V-48127
Rule IDs
  • SV-216361r603267_rule
  • SV-60999
Use an authorized mechanism such as RBAC and the "su" command to provide administrative access to unprivileged accounts. These mechanisms provide an audit trail in the event of problems.
Checks: C-17597r371171_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine if root login is restricted to the console. # grep "^CONSOLE=/dev/console" /etc/default/login If the output of this command is not: CONSOLE=/dev/console this is a finding.

Fix: F-17595r371172_fix

The root role is required. Modify the /etc/default/login file # pfedit /etc/default/login Locate the line containing: CONSOLE Change it to read: CONSOLE=/dev/console

a
The operating system, upon successful logon, must display to the user the date and time of the last logon (access).
AC-9 - Low - CCI-000052 - V-216362 - SV-216362r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-9
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000052
Version
SOL-11.1-040450
Vuln IDs
  • V-216362
  • V-48131
Rule IDs
  • SV-216362r603267_rule
  • SV-61003
Users need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their account. Providing users with information regarding the date and time of their last successful login allows the user to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred and gives them an opportunity to notify administrators.
Checks: C-17598r371174_chk

Determine if last login will be printed for SSH users. # grep PrintLastLog /etc/ssh/sshd_config If PrintLastLog is found, not preceded with a "#" sign, and is set to "no", this is a finding. PrintLastLog should either not exist (defaulting to yes) or exist and be set to yes.

Fix: F-17596r371175_fix

The root role is required for this action. # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the line containing: PrintLastLog no and place a comment sign ("# ")at the beginning of the line or delete the line # PrintLastLog no Restart the ssh service # pfexec svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

b
The operating system must provide the capability for users to directly initiate session lock mechanisms.
AC-11 - Medium - CCI-000058 - V-216363 - SV-216363r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000058
Version
SOL-11.1-040460
Vuln IDs
  • V-216363
  • V-48135
Rule IDs
  • SV-216363r603267_rule
  • SV-61007
A session lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the system but does not want to log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than be forced to wait for a period of time to expire before the user session can be locked, the operating system needs to provide users with the ability to manually invoke a session lock so users may secure their account should the need arise for them to temporarily vacate the immediate physical vicinity.
Checks: C-17599r371177_chk

Determine whether the lock screen function works correctly. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: In the GNOME 2 desktop System &gt;&gt; Lock Screen. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: In the GNOME 3 desktop Status Menu (top right corner) &gt;&gt; Lock Icon, check that the screen locks and displays the "password" prompt. Check that "Disable Screensaver" is not selected in the GNOME Screensaver preferences. If the screen does not lock or the "Disable Screensaver" option is selected, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17597r371178_fix

User-initiated session lock is accessible from the GNOME graphical desktop menu GNOME 2: System >> Lock Screen. GNOME 3: Status Menu (top right corner) >> Lock Icon. However, the user has the option to disable screensaver lock. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: In the GNOME 2 desktop: System >> Preferences >> Screensaver. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: If using the default GNOME desktop: Activities >> Show Applications >> select "Screensaver" Icon. If using the GNOME Classic desktop: Applications >> Other >> Screensaver. Ensure that "Mode" is set to "Blank Screen only".

b
The operating system session lock mechanism, when activated on a device with a display screen, must place a publicly viewable pattern onto the associated display, hiding what was previously visible on the screen.
AC-11 - Medium - CCI-000060 - V-216364 - SV-216364r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-11
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000060
Version
SOL-11.1-040470
Vuln IDs
  • V-216364
  • V-48139
Rule IDs
  • SV-216364r603267_rule
  • SV-61011
A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the system but does not log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. The session lock will also include an obfuscation of the display screen to prevent other users from reading what was previously displayed.
Checks: C-17600r371180_chk

For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: In the GNOME 2 desktop System &gt;&gt; Preferences &gt;&gt; Screensaver. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: If using the default GNOME desktop: Activities &gt;&gt; Show Applications &gt;&gt; select "Screensaver" icon. If using the GNOME Classic desktop: Applications &gt;&gt; Other &gt;&gt; Screensaver menu item the user can select other screens or disable screensaver. Check that "Disable Screensaver" is not selected in the Gnome Screensaver preferences. If "Disable Screensaver" is selected or "Blank Screen Only" is not selected, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17598r371181_fix

For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: In the GNOME 2 desktop: System >> Preferences >> Screensaver. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: If using the default GNOME desktop: Activities >> Show Applications >> select “Screensaver” icon. If using the GNOME Classic desktop: Applications >> Other >> Screensaver. Click on Mode's pull-down. Select: "Blank Screen Only". Ensure that "Blank Screen Only" is selected.

c
The operating system must not allow logins for users with blank passwords.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216365 - SV-216365r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040480
Vuln IDs
  • V-216365
  • V-48143
Rule IDs
  • SV-216365r603267_rule
  • SV-61015
If the password field is blank and the system does not enforce a policy that passwords are required, it could allow login without proper authentication of a user.
Checks: C-17601r371183_chk

Determine if the system is enforcing a policy that passwords are required. # grep ^PASSREQ /etc/default/login If the command does not return: PASSREQ=YES this is a finding.

Fix: F-17599r371184_fix

The root role is required. Modify the /etc/default/login file. # pfedit /etc/default/login Insert the line: PASSREQ=YES

b
The operating system must prevent remote devices that have established a non-remote connection with the system from communicating outside of the communication path with resources in external networks.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216366 - SV-216366r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-040490
Vuln IDs
  • V-216366
  • V-48147
Rule IDs
  • SV-216366r603267_rule
  • SV-61019
This control enhancement is implemented within the remote device (e.g., notebook/laptop computer) via configuration settings not configurable by the user of the device. An example of a non-remote communications path from a remote device is a virtual private network. When a non-remote connection is established using a virtual private network, the configuration settings prevent split-tunneling. Split-tunneling might otherwise be used by remote users to communicate with the information system as an extension of the system and to communicate with local resources, such as a printer or file server. The remote device, when connected by a non-remote connection, becomes an extension of the information system allowing dual communications paths, such as split-tunneling, in effect allowing unauthorized external connections into the system. This is a split-tunneling requirement that can be controlled via the operating system by disabling interfaces.
Checks: C-17602r371186_chk

Determine if the "RestrictOutbound" profile is configured properly: # profiles -p RestrictOutbound info If the output is not: name=RestrictOutbound desc=Restrict Outbound Connections limitpriv=zone,!net_access this is a finding. For users who are not allowed external network access, determine if a user is configured with the "RestrictOutbound" profile. # profiles -l [username] If the output does not include: [username]: RestrictOutbound this is a finding.

Fix: F-17600r371187_fix

The root Role is required. Remove net_access privilege from users who may be accessing the systems externally. 1. Create an RBAC Profile with net_access restriction # profiles -p RestrictOutbound profiles:RestrictOutbound> set desc="Restrict Outbound Connections" profiles:RestrictOutbound> set limitpriv=zone,!net_access profiles:RestrictOutbound> exit 2. Assign the RBAC Profile to a user # usermod -P +RestrictOutbound [username] This prevents the user from initiating any outbound network connections.

a
The operating system must limit the number of concurrent sessions for each account to an organization-defined number of sessions.
AC-10 - Low - CCI-000054 - V-216367 - SV-216367r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-10
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000054
Version
SOL-11.1-040500
Vuln IDs
  • V-216367
  • V-48151
Rule IDs
  • SV-216367r603267_rule
  • SV-61023
Limiting the number of allowed users and sessions per user can limit risks related to denial of service attacks. The organization may define the maximum number of concurrent sessions for an information system account globally, by account type, by account, or by a combination thereof. This requirement addresses concurrent sessions for a single information system account and does not address concurrent sessions by a single user via multiple accounts.
Checks: C-17603r371189_chk

Identify the organizational requirements for maximum number of sessions and which users must be restricted. If there are no requirements to limit concurrent sessions, this item does not apply. For each user requiring concurrent session restrictions, determine if that user is in the user.[username] project where [username] is the user's account username. # projects [username] | grep user If the output does not include the project user.[username], this is a finding. Determine the project membership for the user. # projects [username] If the user is a member of any project other than default, group.[groupname], or user.[username], this is a finding. Determine whether the max-tasks resource control is enabled properly. # projects -l user.[username] | grep attribs If the output does not include the text: attribs: project.max-tasks=(privileged,[MAX],deny) where [MAX] is the organization-defined maximum number of concurrent sessions, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17601r371190_fix

Identify the organizational requirements for maximum number of sessions and which users must be restricted. If there are no requirements to limit concurrent sessions, this item does not apply. The Project Management profile is required. For each user requiring concurrent session restrictions, add the user to the special user.[username] project where [username] is the user's account username where [MAX] is equal to the organizational requirement. # pfexec projadd -K 'project.max-tasks=(privileged,[MAX],deny)' user.[username] Determine the project membership for the user. # projects [username] If the user is a member of any projects other than default, group.[groupname], or user.[username], remove that project from the user's account. The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/user_attr Locate the line containing the user's username. Remove any project=[projectname] entries from the fifth field. # pfedit /etc/project Locate the line containing the user's username in a project other than default, group.[groupname], or user.[username], and remove the user from the project's entry or entries from the fourth field.

a
The system must disable directed broadcast packet forwarding.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216368 - SV-216368r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216368
  • V-48165
Rule IDs
  • SV-216368r603267_rule
  • SV-61037
This parameter must be disabled to reduce the risk of denial of service attacks.
Checks: C-17604r371192_chk

Determine if directed broadcast packet forwarding is disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _forward_directed_broadcasts -co current ip If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17602r371193_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable directed broadcast packet forwarding. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _forward_directed_broadcasts=0 ip

a
The system must not respond to ICMP timestamp requests.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216369 - SV-216369r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050020
Vuln IDs
  • V-216369
  • V-48169
Rule IDs
  • SV-216369r603267_rule
  • SV-61041
By accurately determining the system's clock state, an attacker can more effectively attack certain time-based pseudorandom number generators (PRNGs) and the authentication systems that rely on them.
Checks: C-17605r371195_chk

Determine if ICMP time stamp responses are disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _respond_to_timestamp -co current ip If the output of both commands is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17603r371196_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable source respond to timestamp. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _respond_to_timestamp=0 ip

a
The system must not respond to ICMP broadcast timestamp requests.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216370 - SV-216370r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216370
  • V-48173
Rule IDs
  • SV-216370r603267_rule
  • SV-61045
By accurately determining the system's clock state, an attacker can more effectively attack certain time-based pseudorandom number generators (PRNGs) and the authentication systems that rely on them.
Checks: C-17606r371198_chk

Determine if response to ICMP broadcast timestamp requests is disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _respond_to_timestamp_broadcast -co current ip If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17604r371199_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable respond to timestamp broadcasts. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _respond_to_timestamp_broadcast=0 ip

a
The system must not respond to ICMP broadcast netmask requests.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216371 - SV-216371r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216371
  • V-48177
Rule IDs
  • SV-216371r603267_rule
  • SV-61049
By determining the netmasks of various computers in your network, an attacker can better map your subnet structure and infer trust relationships.
Checks: C-17607r371201_chk

Determine if the response to address mask broadcast is disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _respond_to_address_mask_broadcast -co current ip If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17605r371202_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable responses to address mask broadcast. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _respond_to_address_mask_broadcast=0 ip

b
The system must not respond to broadcast ICMP echo requests.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216372 - SV-216372r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216372
  • V-48181
Rule IDs
  • SV-216372r603267_rule
  • SV-61053
ICMP echo requests can be useful for reconnaissance of systems and for denial of service attacks.
Checks: C-17608r371204_chk

Determine if ICMP echo requests response is disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _respond_to_echo_broadcast -co current ip If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17606r371205_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable respond to echo broadcast. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _respond_to_echo_broadcast=0 ip

a
The system must not respond to multicast echo requests.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216373 - SV-216373r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050060
Vuln IDs
  • V-216373
  • V-48185
Rule IDs
  • SV-216373r603267_rule
  • SV-61057
Multicast echo requests can be useful for reconnaissance of systems and for denial of service attacks.
Checks: C-17609r371207_chk

Determine if response to multicast echo requests is disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _respond_to_echo_multicast -co current ipv4 # ipadm show-prop -p _respond_to_echo_multicast -co current ipv6 If the output of all commands is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17607r371208_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable respond to echo multi-cast for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _respond_to_echo_multicast=0 ipv4 # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _respond_to_echo_multicast=0 ipv6

a
The system must ignore ICMP redirect messages.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216374 - SV-216374r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050070
Vuln IDs
  • V-216374
  • V-48189
Rule IDs
  • SV-216374r603267_rule
  • SV-61061
Ignoring ICMP redirect messages reduces the likelihood of denial of service attacks.
Checks: C-17610r371210_chk

Determine if ICMP redirect messages are ignored. # ipadm show-prop -p _ignore_redirect -co current ipv4 # ipadm show-prop -p _ignore_redirect -co current ipv6 If the output of all commands is not "1", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17608r371211_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable ignore redirects for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _ignore_redirect=1 ipv4 # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _ignore_redirect=1 ipv6

b
The system must set strict multihoming.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216375 - SV-216375r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050080
Vuln IDs
  • V-216375
  • V-48193
Rule IDs
  • SV-216375r603267_rule
  • SV-61065
These settings control whether a packet arriving on a non-forwarding interface can be accepted for an IP address that is not explicitly configured on that interface. This rule is NA for documented systems that have interfaces that cross strict networking domains (for example, a firewall, a router, or a VPN node).
Checks: C-17611r371213_chk

Determine if strict multihoming is configured. # ipadm show-prop -p _strict_dst_multihoming -co current ipv4 # ipadm show-prop -p _strict_dst_multihoming -co current ipv6 If the output of all commands is not "1", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17609r371214_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable strict multihoming for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _strict_dst_multihoming=1 ipv4 # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _strict_dst_multihoming=1 ipv6

a
The system must disable ICMP redirect messages.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216376 - SV-216376r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050090
Vuln IDs
  • V-216376
  • V-48197
Rule IDs
  • SV-216376r603267_rule
  • SV-75425
A malicious user can exploit the ability of the system to send ICMP redirects by continually sending packets to the system, forcing the system to respond with ICMP redirect messages, resulting in an adverse impact on the CPU performance of the system.
Checks: C-17612r371216_chk

Determine the version of Solaris 11 in use. # cat /etc/release If the version of Solaris is earlier than Solaris 11.2, determine if ICMP redirect messages are disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _send_redirects -co current ipv4 # ipadm show-prop -p _send_redirects -co current ipv6 If the output of all commands is not "0", this is a finding. If the version of Solaris is Solaris 11.2 or later, determine if ICMP redirect messages are disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p send_redirects -co current ipv4 # ipadm show-prop -p send_redirects -co current ipv6 If the output of all commands is not "off", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17610r371217_fix

The Network Management profile is required. If the version of Solaris is earlier than Solaris 11.2, disable send redirects for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _send_redirects=0 ipv4 # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _send_redirects=0 ipv6 If the version of Solaris is Solaris 11.2 or later, disable send redirects for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p send_redirects=off ipv4 # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p send_redirects=off ipv6

a
The system must disable TCP reverse IP source routing.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216377 - SV-216377r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050100
Vuln IDs
  • V-216377
  • V-48201
Rule IDs
  • SV-216377r603267_rule
  • SV-61073
If enabled, reverse IP source routing would allow an attacker to more easily complete a three-way TCP handshake and spoof new connections.
Checks: C-17613r371219_chk

Determine if TCP reverse IP source routing is disabled. # ipadm show-prop -p _rev_src_routes -co current tcp If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17611r371220_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable reverse source routing. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _rev_src_routes=0 tcp

b
The system must set maximum number of half-open TCP connections to 4096.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216378 - SV-216378r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050110
Vuln IDs
  • V-216378
  • V-48207
Rule IDs
  • SV-216378r603267_rule
  • SV-61079
This setting controls how many half-open connections can exist for a TCP port. It is necessary to control the number of completed connections to the system to provide some protection against denial of service attacks.
Checks: C-17614r371222_chk

Determine if the number of half open TCP connections is set to 4096. # ipadm show-prop -p _conn_req_max_q0 -co current tcp If the value of "4096" is not returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17612r371223_fix

The Network Management profile is required Configure maximum TCP connections for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _conn_req_max_q0=4096 tcp

a
The system must set maximum number of incoming connections to 1024.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216379 - SV-216379r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050120
Vuln IDs
  • V-216379
  • V-48211
Rule IDs
  • SV-216379r603267_rule
  • SV-61083
This setting controls the maximum number of incoming connections that can be accepted on a TCP port limiting exposure to denial of service attacks.
Checks: C-17615r371225_chk

Determine if the maximum number of incoming connections is set to 1024. # ipadm show-prop -p _conn_req_max_q -co current tcp If the value returned is smaller than "1024", this is a finding. In environments where connection numbers are high, such as a busy web server, this value may need to be increased.

Fix: F-17613r371226_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Configure maximum number of incoming connections. # pfexec ipadm set-prop -p _conn_req_max_q=1024 tcp

b
The system must disable network routing unless required.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216380 - SV-216380r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216380
  • V-48217
Rule IDs
  • SV-216380r603267_rule
  • SV-61089
The network routing daemon, in.routed, manages network routing tables. If enabled, it periodically supplies copies of the system's routing tables to any directly connected hosts and networks and picks up routes supplied to it from other networks and hosts. Routing Internet Protocol (RIP) is a legacy protocol with a number of security weaknesses, including a lack of authentication, zoning, pruning, etc.
Checks: C-17616r371228_chk

Determine if routing is disabled. # routeadm -p | egrep "routing |forwarding" | grep enabled If the command output includes "persistent=enabled" or "current=enabled", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17614r371229_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Disable routing for IPv4 and IPv6. # pfexec routeadm -d ipv4-forwarding -d ipv4-routing # pfexec routeadm -d ipv6-forwarding -d ipv6-routing To apply these changes to the running system, use the command: # pfexec routeadm -u

a
The system must implement TCP Wrappers.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216381 - SV-216381r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216381
  • V-48221
Rule IDs
  • SV-216381r603267_rule
  • SV-61093
TCP Wrappers is a host-based access control system that allows administrators to control who has access to various network services based on the IP address of the remote end of the connection. TCP Wrappers also provides logging information via syslog about both successful and unsuccessful connections. TCP Wrappers provides granular control over what services can be accessed over the network. Its logs show attempted access to services from non-authorized systems, which can help identify unauthorized access attempts.
Checks: C-17617r371231_chk

Determine if TCP Wrappers is configured. # inetadm -p | grep tcp_wrappers If the output of this command is "FALSE", this is a finding. The above command will check whether TCP Wrappers is enabled for all TCP-based services started by inetd. TCP Wrappers are enabled by default for sendmail and SunSSH (version 0.5.11). The use of OpenSSH access is controlled by the sshd_config file starting with Solaris 11.3. SunSSH is removed starting with Solaris 11.4. Individual inetd services may still be configured to use TCP Wrappers even if the global parameter (above) is set to "FALSE". To check the status of individual inetd services, use the command: # for svc in `inetadm | awk '/svc:\// { print $NF }'`; do val=`inetadm -l ${svc} | grep -c tcp_wrappers=TRUE` if [ ${val} -eq 1 ]; then echo "TCP Wrappers enabled for ${svc}" fi done If the required services are not configured to use TCP Wrappers, this is finding. # ls /etc/hosts.deny # ls /etc/hosts.allow If these files are not found, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17615r371232_fix

The root role is required. Configure allowed and denied hosts per organizational policy. 1. Create and customize the policy in /etc/hosts.allow: # echo "ALL: [net]/[mask] , [net]/[mask], ..." > /etc/hosts.allow where each [net>/[mask> combination (for example, the Class C address block "192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0") can represent one network block in use by the organization that requires access to this system. 2. Create a default deny policy in /etc/hosts.deny: # echo "ALL: ALL" >/etc/hosts.deny 3. Enable TCP Wrappers for all services started by inetd: # inetadm -M tcp_wrappers=TRUE

b
The boundary protection system (firewall) must be configured to deny network traffic by default and must allow network traffic by exception (i.e., deny all, permit by exception).
IA-5 - Medium - CCI-000197 - V-216387 - SV-216387r854524_rule
RMF Control
IA-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000197
Version
SOL-11.1-050240
Vuln IDs
  • V-216387
  • V-48235
Rule IDs
  • SV-216387r854524_rule
  • SV-61107
A firewall that relies on a deny all, permit by exception strategy requires all traffic to have explicit permission before traversing an interface on the host. The firewall must incorporate stateful packet filtering and logging. Non-local maintenance and diagnostic communications often contain sensitive information and must be protected. The security of these remote accesses can be ensured by sending non-local maintenance and diagnostic communications through encrypted channels enforced via firewall configurations. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000074, SRG-OS-000096, SRG-OS-000112, SRG-OS-000113, SRG-OS-000125, SRG-OS-000250, SRG-OS-000393
Checks: C-17623r744129_chk

Ensure that either the IP Filter or Packet Filter Firewall is installed correctly. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3, that use IP Filter, the IP Filter Management profile is required. Check that the IP Filter firewall is enabled and configured so that only authorized sessions are allowed. # svcs ipfilter If ipfilter is not listed with a state of online, this is a finding. The IP Filter Management profile is required. Check that the filters are configured properly. # ipfstat -io If the output of this command does not include these lines: block out log all keep state keep frags block in log all block in log from any to 255.255.255.255/32 block in log from any to 127.0.0.1/32 This is a finding. Even if the lines above are included in the output, it is possible that other lines can contradict the firewall settings. Review the firewall rules and ensure that they conform to organizational and mission requirements. If the firewall rules are not configured to organizational standards, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.3 or newer, that use Packet Filter, the Network Firewall Management rights profile is required. Check that the Packet Filter firewall is enabled and configured so that only authorized sessions are allowed. # svcs firewall:default If firewall is not listed with a state of "online", this is a finding. The Network Firewall Management rights profile is required. Check that the filters are configured properly. # pfctl -s rules If the output of this command does not include this line: block drop log (to pflog0) all This is a finding. Check that the Packet Filter firewall logging daemon is enabled. svcs firewall/pflog:default If pflog is not listed with a state of "online", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17621r744130_fix

The root role is required. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3, that use IP Filter, configure and enable the IP Filters policy. # pfedit /etc/ipf/ipf.conf. Add these lines to the file: # Do not allow all outbound traffic, keep state, and log block out log all keep state keep frags # Block and log everything else that comes in block in log all block in log from any to 255.255.255.255 block in log from any to 127.0.0.1/32 Enable ipfilter. # svcadm enable ipfilter Notify ipfilter to use the new configuration file. # ipf -Fa -f /etc/ipf/ipf.conf For Solaris 11.3 or newer, that use Packet Filter, configure and enable the Packet Filter’s policy. # pfedit /etc/firewall/pf.conf. Add these lines to the file: # Block and log all traffic on all interfaces in either direction from # anywhere to anywhere block log all Enable Packet Filter. # svcadm enable firewall:default Enable Packet Filter logging daemon. # svcadm enable firewall/pflog:default Note: Because the default firewall rules block all network access to the system, ensure that there is still a method to access the system such as SSH or console access prior to activating the firewall rules. Operational requirements may dictate the addition of protocols such as SSH, DNS, NTP, HTTP, and HTTPS to be allowed.

a
The system must prevent local applications from generating source-routed packets.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216394 - SV-216394r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050370
Vuln IDs
  • V-216394
  • V-48213
Rule IDs
  • SV-216394r603267_rule
  • SV-61085
Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest that routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures.
Checks: C-17630r371270_chk

Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3 use IP Filter. To continue checking IP Filter, the IP Filter Management profile is required. Check the system for an IPF rule blocking outgoing source-routed packets. # ipfstat -o Examine the list for rules such as: block out log quick from any to any with opt lsrr block out log quick from any to any with opt ssrr If the listed rules do not block both lsrr and ssrr options, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.3 or newer that use Packet Filter, the Network Firewall Management rights profile is required. Ensure that IP Options are not in use: # pfctl -s rules | grep allow-opts If any output is returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17628r371271_fix

The root role is required. # pfedit /etc/ipf/ipf.conf For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3 that use IP Filter dd rules to block outgoing source-routed packets, such as: block out log quick all with opt lsrr block out log quick all with opt ssrr Reload the IPF rules. # ipf -Fa -A -f /etc/ipf/ipf.conf For Solaris 11.3 or newer that use Packet Filter remove or modify any rules that include "allow-opts". Reload the Packet Filter rules: # svcadm refresh firewall:default

a
The operating system must display the DoD approved system use notification message or banner before granting access to the system for general system logons.
AC-8 - Low - CCI-000048 - V-216395 - SV-216395r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-8
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000048
Version
SOL-11.1-050380
Vuln IDs
  • V-216395
  • V-48209
Rule IDs
  • SV-216395r603267_rule
  • SV-61081
Warning messages inform users who are attempting to log in to the system of their legal status regarding the system and must include the name of the organization that owns the system and any monitoring policies that are in place. As implementing a logon banner to deter inappropriate use can provide a foundation for legal action against abuse, this warning content should be set as appropriate.
Checks: C-17631r371273_chk

Review the contents of these two files and check that the proper DoD banner message is configured. # cat /etc/motd # cat /etc/issue If the DoD-approved banner text is not in the files, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17629r371274_fix

The root role is required. Edit the contents of these two files and ensure that the proper DoD banner message is viewable. # pfedit /etc/motd # pfedit /etc/issue The DoD required text is: "You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions: -The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations. -At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS. -Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose. -This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy. -Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details."

a
The operating system must display the DoD approved system use notification message or banner for SSH connections.
AC-8 - Low - CCI-000048 - V-216396 - SV-216396r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-8
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000048
Version
SOL-11.1-050390
Vuln IDs
  • V-216396
  • V-48205
Rule IDs
  • SV-216396r603267_rule
  • SV-61077
Warning messages inform users who are attempting to log in to the system of their legal status regarding the system and must include the name of the organization that owns the system and any monitoring policies that are in place. As implementing a logon banner to deter inappropriate use can provide a foundation for legal action against abuse, this warning content should be set as appropriate.
Checks: C-17632r371276_chk

Check SSH configuration for banner message: # grep "^Banner" /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output is not: Banner /etc/issue and /etc/issue does not contain the approved banner text, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17630r371277_fix

The root role is required. Edit the SSH configuration file. # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Locate the file containing: Banner Change the line to read: Banner /etc/issue Edit the /etc/issue file # pfedit /etc/issue The DoD required text is: "You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions: -The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations. -At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS. -Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose. -This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy. -Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details." Restart the SSH service # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

a
The GNOME service must display the DoD approved system use notification message or banner before granting access to the system.
AC-8 - Low - CCI-000048 - V-216397 - SV-216397r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-8
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000048
Version
SOL-11.1-050410
Vuln IDs
  • V-216397
  • V-48203
Rule IDs
  • SV-216397r603267_rule
  • SV-61075
Warning messages inform users who are attempting to log in to the system of their legal status regarding the system and must include the name of the organization that owns the system and any monitoring policies that are in place. As implementing a logon banner to deter inappropriate use can provide a foundation for legal action against abuse, this warning content should be set as appropriate.
Checks: C-17633r371279_chk

This item does not apply if a graphic login is not configured. Log in to the Gnome Graphical interface. If the approved banner message does not appear, this is a finding. # cat /etc/issue # grep /etc/gdm/Init/Default zenity If /etc/issue does not contain that DoD-approved banner message or /etc/gdm/Init/Default does not contain the line: /usr/bin/zenity --text-info --width=800 --height=300 \ --title="Security Message" --filename=/etc/issue this is a finding.

Fix: F-17631r371280_fix

The root role is required. If the system does not use XWindows, this is not applicable. # pfedit /etc/issue Insert the proper DoD banner message text. The DoD required text is: "You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions: -The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations. -At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS. -Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose. -This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy. -Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details." # pfedit /etc/gdm/Init/Default Add the following content before the "exit 0" line of the file. /usr/bin/zenity --text-info --width=800 --height=300 \ --title="Security Message" --filename=/etc/issue

a
The FTP service must display the DoD approved system use notification message or banner before granting access to the system.
AC-8 - Low - CCI-000048 - V-216398 - SV-216398r603267_rule
RMF Control
AC-8
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000048
Version
SOL-11.1-050430
Vuln IDs
  • V-216398
  • V-48199
Rule IDs
  • SV-216398r603267_rule
  • SV-61071
Warning messages inform users who are attempting to log in to the system of their legal status regarding the system and must include the name of the organization that owns the system and any monitoring policies that are in place. As implementing a logon banner to deter inappropriate use can provide a foundation for legal action against abuse, this warning content should be set as appropriate.
Checks: C-17634r371282_chk

Determine if the FTP server package is installed: # pkg list service/network/ftp If the package is not installed, this check does not apply. # grep DisplayConnect /etc/proftpd.conf If: DisplayConnect /etc/issue does not appear, this is a finding. If /etc/issue does not contain the approved DoD text, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17632r371283_fix

The root role is required. The package: pkg:/service/network/ftp must be installed. # pfedit /etc/issue Insert the proper DoD banner message text. The DoD required text is: "You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions: -The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations. -At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS. -Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose. -This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy. -Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details." # echo "DisplayConnect /etc/issue" >> /etc/proftpd.conf # svcadm restart ftp

b
The operating system must terminate all sessions and network connections when non-local maintenance is completed.
MA-4 - Medium - CCI-000879 - V-216399 - SV-216399r603267_rule
RMF Control
MA-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000879
Version
SOL-11.1-050460
Vuln IDs
  • V-216399
  • V-48195
Rule IDs
  • SV-216399r603267_rule
  • SV-61067
Non-local maintenance and diagnostic activities are those activities conducted by individuals communicating through a network, either an external network (e.g., the Internet) or an internal network. The operating system needs to ensure all sessions and network connections are terminated when non-local maintenance is completed.
Checks: C-17635r371285_chk

Determine if SSH is configured to disconnect sessions after 10 minutes of inactivity. # grep ClientAlive /etc/ssh/sshd_config If the output of this command is not: ClientAliveInterval 600 ClientAliveCountMax 0 this is a finding.

Fix: F-17633r371286_fix

The root role is required. Configure the system to disconnect SSH sessions after 10 minutes of inactivity. # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Insert the two lines: ClientAliveInterval 600 ClientAliveCountMax 0 Restart the SSH service with the new configuration. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

b
The operating system must prevent internal users from sending out packets which attempt to manipulate or spoof invalid IP addresses.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216400 - SV-216400r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-050470
Vuln IDs
  • V-216400
  • V-48191
Rule IDs
  • SV-216400r603267_rule
  • SV-61063
Manipulation of IP addresses can allow untrusted systems to appear as trusted hosts, bypassing firewall and other security mechanism and resulting in system penetration.
Checks: C-17636r371288_chk

Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", then only the "phys" and "SR-IOV" interfaces assigned to the global zone require inspection. If using a non-Global zone, then all "phys" and "SR-IOV" interfaces assigned to the zone require inspection. Identify if this system has physical interfaces. # dladm show-link -Z | grep -v vnic LINK ZONE CLASS MTU STATE OVER net0 global phys 1500 unknown -- e1000g0 global phys 1500 up -- e1000g1 global phys 1500 up -- zoneD/net2 zoneD iptun 65515 up -- If "phys" appears in the third column, then the interface is physical. For each physical interface, determine if the network interface is Ethernet or InfiniBand: # dladm show-phys [interface name] LINK MEDIA STATE SPEED DUPLEX DEVICE [name] Ethernet unknown 0 half dnet0 The second column indicates either "Ethernet" or "Infiniband". For each physical interface, determine if the host is using ip-forwarding: # ipadm show-ifprop [interface name] | grep forwarding [name] forwarding ipv4 rw off -- off on,off [name] forwarding ipv6 rw off -- off on,off If "on" appears in the fifth column, then the interface is using ip-forwarding. For each interface, determine if the host is using SR-IOV’s Virtual Function (VF) driver: # dladm show-phys [interface name] | grep vf If the sixth column includes 'vf' in its name, it is using SR-IOV (ex: ixgbevf0). For each physical and SR-IOV interface, determine if network link protection capabilities are enabled. # dladm show-linkprop -p protection LINK PROPERTY PERM VALUE DEFAULT POSSIBLE net0 protection rw mac-nospoof, -- mac-nospoof, restricted, restricted, ip-nospoof, ip-nospoof, dhcp-nospoof dhcp-nospoof If the interface uses Infiniband and if restricted, ip-nospoof, and dhcp-nospoof do not appear in the "VALUE" column, this is a finding. If the interface uses ip-forwarding and if mac-nospoof, restricted, and dhcp-nospoof do not appear in the "VALUE" column, this is a finding. If the interface uses SR-IOV and if mac-nospoof, restricted, and dhcp-nospoof do not appear in the "VALUE" column, this is a finding. If the interface uses Ethernet without IP forwarding and if mac-nospoof, restricted, ip-nospoof, and dhcp-nospoof do not appear in the "VALUE" column, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17634r371289_fix

Determine the name of the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", then only the "phys" and "SR-IOV" interfaces assigned to the global zone require configuration. If using a non-Global zone, then all "phys" and "SR-IOV" interfaces assigned to the zone require configuration. The Network Link Security profile is required. Determine which network interfaces are available and what protection modes are enabled and required. Enable link protection based on each configured network interface type. For InfiniBand: # pfexec dladm set-linkprop -p protection=restricted,ip-nospoof,dhcp-nospoof [interface name] For IP forwarding: # pfexec dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof,restricted,dhcp-nospoof [interface name] For SR-IOV: # pfexec dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof,restricted,dhcp-nospoof [interface name] For Ethernet without IP forwarding: # pfexec dladm set-linkprop -p protection=mac-nospoof,restricted,ip-nospoof,dhcp-nospoof [interface name]

b
Wireless network adapters must be disabled.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002418 - V-216401 - SV-216401r916433_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002418
Version
SOL-11.1-050480
Vuln IDs
  • V-216401
  • V-72827
Rule IDs
  • SV-216401r916433_rule
  • SV-87479
The use of wireless networking can introduce many different attack vectors into the organization’s network. Common attack vectors such as malicious association and ad hoc networks will allow an attacker to spoof a wireless access point (AP), allowing validated systems to connect to the malicious AP and enabling the attacker to monitor and record network traffic. These malicious APs can also serve to create a man-in-the-middle attack or be used to create a denial-of-service to valid network resources.
Checks: C-17637r371291_chk

This is N/A for systems that do not have wireless network adapters. Verify that there are no wireless interfaces configured on the system: # ifconfig -a eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr b8:ac:6f:65:31:e5 inet addr:192.168.2.100 Bcast:192.168.2.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 inet6 addr: fe80::baac:6fff:fe65:31e5/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:2697529 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:2630541 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:2159382827 (2.0 GiB) TX bytes:1389552776 (1.2 GiB) Interrupt:17 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0 inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1 RX packets:2849 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:2849 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:2778290 (2.6 MiB) TX bytes:2778290 (2.6 MiB) If a wireless interface is configured, it must be documented and approved by the local Authorizing Official. If a wireless interface is configured and has not been documented and approved, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17635r371292_fix

Configure the system to disable all wireless network interfaces.

b
The operating system must use mechanisms for authentication to a cryptographic module meeting the requirements of applicable federal laws, Executive orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance for such authentication.
IA-7 - Medium - CCI-000803 - V-216402 - SV-216402r916433_rule
RMF Control
IA-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000803
Version
SOL-11.1-060010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216402
  • V-48187
Rule IDs
  • SV-216402r916433_rule
  • SV-61059
Encryption is only as good as the encryption modules utilized. Unapproved cryptographic module algorithms cannot be verified, and cannot be relied upon to provide confidentiality or integrity, and DoD data may be compromised due to weak algorithms. Applications utilizing encryption are required to use approved encryption modules meeting the requirements of applicable federal laws, Executive orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance. FIPS 140-2 is the current standard for validating cryptographic modules, and NSA Type-X (where X=1, 2, 3, 4) products are NSA-certified hardware based encryption modules. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000120, SRG-OS-000169
Checks: C-17638r371294_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The Crypto Management profile is required to execute this command. Check to ensure that FIPS-140 encryption mode is enabled. # cryptoadm list fips-140| grep -c "is disabled" If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17636r371295_fix

The Crypto Management profile is required to execute this command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Enable FIPS-140 mode. # pfexec cryptoadm enable fips-140 Reboot the system as requested.

b
The operating system must implement DoD-approved encryption to protect the confidentiality of remote access sessions.
AC-17 - Medium - CCI-000068 - V-216410 - SV-216410r744132_rule
RMF Control
AC-17
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000068
Version
SOL-11.1-060130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216410
  • V-48159
Rule IDs
  • SV-216410r744132_rule
  • SV-61031
Remote access is any access to an organizational information system by a user (or an information system) communicating through an external, non-organization-controlled network (e.g., the Internet). Examples of remote access methods include dial-up, broadband, and wireless. Using cryptography ensures confidentiality of the remote access connections. The system will attempt to use the first cipher presented by the client that matches the server list. Listing the values "strongest to weakest" is a method to ensure the use of the strongest cipher available to secure the SSH connection. Note: SSH in Solaris 11.GA-11.3 used Sun Microsystem’s proprietary SUNWssh. In Solaris 11.3 OpenSSH was offered as optional software and in Solaris 11.4 OpenSSH is the only SSH offered. Both use the same /etc/ssh/sshd_config file and both, by default do not include the ciphers line.
Checks: C-17646r622328_chk

Check the SSH daemon configuration for allowed ciphers. # grep -i ciphers /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep -v '^#’ Ciphers aes256-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes128-ctr If any ciphers other than "aes256-ctr", "aes192-ctr", or "aes128-ctr" are listed, the order differs from the example above, the "Ciphers" keyword is missing, or is commented out, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17644r622329_fix

The root role is required. Modify the sshd_config file. # pfedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Change or set the ciphers line to the following: ciphers aes256-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes128-ctr Restart the SSH service. # svcadm restart svc:/network/ssh

b
The operating system must use cryptographic mechanisms to protect and restrict access to information on portable digital media.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216411 - SV-216411r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-060140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216411
  • V-48157
Rule IDs
  • SV-216411r603267_rule
  • SV-61029
When data is written to portable digital media, such as thumb drives, floppy diskettes, compact disks, and magnetic tape, etc., there is risk of data loss. An organizational assessment of risk guides the selection of media and associated information contained on the media requiring restricted access. Organizations need to document in policy and procedures the media requiring restricted access, individuals authorized to access the media, and the specific measures taken to restrict access. Fewer protection measures are needed for media containing information determined by the organization to be in the public domain, to be publicly releasable, or to have limited or no adverse impact if accessed by other than authorized personnel. In these situations, it is assumed the physical access controls where the media resides provide adequate protection. The employment of cryptography is at the discretion of the information owner/steward. When the organization has determined the risk warrants it, data written to portable digital media must be encrypted.
Checks: C-17647r371321_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the logical node of all attached removable media: # rmformat This command lists all attached removable devices. Note the device logical node name. For example: /dev/rdsk/c8t0d0p0 Determine which zpool is mapped to the device: # zpool status Determine the file system names of the portable digital media: # zfs list | grep [poolname] Using the file system name, determine if the removal media is encrypted: # zfs get encryption [filesystem] If "encryption off" is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17645r371322_fix

The root role is required. Format a removable device as a ZFS encrypted file system. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. The ZFS File System Management and ZFS Storage management profiles are required. Insert the removable device: # rmformat This command lists all attached removable devices. Note the device logical node name. For example: /dev/rdsk/c8t0d0p0 Create an encrypted zpool on this device using a poolname of your choice: # pfexec zpool create -O encryption=on [poolname] c8t0d0p0 Enter a passphrase and confirm the passphrase. Keep the passphrase secure. Export the zpool before removing the media: # pfexec export [poolname] It will be necessary to enter the passphrase when inserting and importing the removable media zpool: Insert the removable media # pfexec import [poolname] Only store data in the encrypted file system.

a
The operating system must protect the confidentiality and integrity of information at rest.
SC-28 - Low - CCI-001199 - V-216413 - SV-216413r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-28
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-001199
Version
SOL-11.1-060160
Vuln IDs
  • V-216413
  • V-48153
Rule IDs
  • SV-216413r603267_rule
  • SV-61025
When data is written to digital media, such as hard drives, mobile computers, external/removable hard drives, personal digital assistants, flash/thumb drives, etc., there is risk of data loss and data compromise. An organizational assessment of risk guides the selection of media and associated information contained on the media requiring restricted access. Organizations need to document in policy and procedures the media requiring restricted access, individuals authorized to access the media, and the specific measures taken to restrict access. Fewer protection measures are needed for media containing information determined by the organization to be in the public domain, to be publicly releasable, or to have limited or no adverse impact if accessed by other than authorized personnel. In these situations, it is assumed the physical access controls where the media resides provide adequate protection. As part of a defense-in-depth strategy, the organization considers routinely encrypting information at rest on selected secondary storage devices. The employment of cryptography is at the discretion of the information owner/steward. The selection of the cryptographic mechanisms used is based upon maintaining the confidentiality and integrity of the information.
Checks: C-17649r371327_chk

Determine if file system encryption is required by your organization. If not required, this item does not apply. Determine if file system encryption is enabled for user data sets. This check does not apply to the root, var, share, swap or dump datasets. # zfs list Using the file system name, determine if the file system is encrypted: # zfs get encryption [filesystem] If "encryption off" is listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17647r371328_fix

The ZFS file system management profile is required. ZFS file system encryption may only be enabled on creation of the file system. If a file system must be encrypted and is not, its data should be archived, it must be removed and re-created. First, stop running applications using the file systems, archive the data, unmount, and then remove the file system. # umount [file system name] # zfs destroy [file system name] When creating ZFS file systems, ensure that they are created as encrypted file systems. # pfexec zfs create -o encryption=on [file system name] Enter passphrase for '[file system name]': xxxxxxx Enter again: xxxxxxx Store the passphrase in a safe location. The passphrase will be required to mount the file systems upon system reboot. If automated mounting is required, the passphrase must be stored in a file.

a
The operating system must use cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information.
AU-9 - Low - CCI-001350 - V-216415 - SV-216415r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-001350
Version
SOL-11.1-060180
Vuln IDs
  • V-216415
  • V-48145
Rule IDs
  • SV-216415r603267_rule
  • SV-61017
Protection of audit records and audit data is of critical importance. Cryptographic mechanisms are the industry established standard used to protect the integrity of audit data.
Checks: C-17651r371333_chk

The Audit Configuration and the Audit Control profiles are required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine if audit log encryption is required by your organization. If not required, this check does not apply. Determine where the audit logs are stored and whether the file system is encrypted. # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin audit_binfile The p_dir attribute lists the location of the audit log filesystem. The default location for Solaris 11.1 is /var/audit. /var/audit is a link to /var/share/audit which, by default, is mounted on rpool/VARSHARE. Determine if this is encrypted: # zfs get encryption rpool/VARSHARE If the file system where audit logs are stored reports "encryption off", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17649r371334_fix

The ZFS File System Management and ZFS Storage Management profiles are required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. The Audit Configuration and the Audit Control profiles are required. If necessary, create a new ZFS pool to store the encrypted audit logs. # pfexec zpool create auditp mirror [device] [device] Create an encryption key: # pktool genkey keystore=file outkey=/[filename] keytype=aes keylen=256 Create a new file system to store the audit logs with encryption enabled. Use the file name created in the previous step as the keystore. # pfexec zfs create -o encryption=aes-256-ccm -o keysource=raw,file:///[filename] -o compression=on -o mountpoint=/audit auditp/auditf Configure auditing to use this encrypted directory. # pfexec auditconfig -setplugin audit_binfile p_dir=/audit/ Refresh the audit service for the setting to be applied: # pfexec audit -s

b
The sticky bit must be set on all world writable directories.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216417 - SV-216417r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216417
  • V-48137
Rule IDs
  • SV-216417r603267_rule
  • SV-61009
Files in directories that have had the "sticky bit" enabled can only be deleted by users that have both write permissions for the directory in which the file resides, as well as ownership of the file or directory, or have sufficient privileges. As this prevents users from overwriting each others' files, whether it be accidental or malicious, it is generally appropriate for most world-writable directories (e.g., /tmp).
Checks: C-17653r371339_chk

The root role is required. Identify all world-writable directories without the "sticky bit" set. # find / \( -fstype nfs -o -fstype cachefs -o -fstype autofs \ -o -fstype ctfs -o -fstype mntfs -o -fstype objfs \ -o -fstype proc \) -prune -o -type d \( -perm -0002 \ -a ! -perm -1000 \) -ls Output of this command identifies world-writable directories without the "sticky bit" set. If output is created, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17651r371340_fix

The root role is required. Ensure that the "sticky bit" is set on any directories identified during the check steps. # chmod +t [directory name]

b
Permissions on user home directories must be 750 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216418 - SV-216418r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070020
Vuln IDs
  • V-216418
  • V-48133
Rule IDs
  • SV-216418r603267_rule
  • SV-61005
Group-writable or world-writable user home directories may enable malicious users to steal or modify other users' data or to gain another user's system privileges.
Checks: C-17654r371342_chk

The root role is required. Check that the permissions on users' home directories are 750 or less permissive. # for dir in `logins -ox |\ awk -F: '($8 == "PS") { print $6 }'`; do find ${dir} -type d -prune \( -perm -g+w -o \ -perm -o+r -o -perm -o+w -o -perm -o+x \) -ls done If output is created, this is finding.

Fix: F-17652r371343_fix

The root role is required. Change the permissions on users' directories to 750 or less permissive. # chmod 750 [directory name]

b
Permissions on user . (hidden) files must be 750 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216419 - SV-216419r793026_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216419
  • V-48129
Rule IDs
  • SV-216419r793026_rule
  • SV-61001
Group-writable or world-writable user configuration files may enable malicious users to steal or modify other users' data or to gain another user's system privileges.
Checks: C-17655r793025_chk

The root role is required. Ensure that the permissions on user "." files are 750 or less permissive. # for dir in \ `logins -ox | awk -F: '($8 == "PS") { print $6 }'`; do find ${dir}/.[A-Za-z0-9]* \! -type l \ \( -perm -0001 -o -perm -0002 -o -perm -0004 -o -perm -0020 \) -ls done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17653r371346_fix

The root role is required. Change the permissions on users' "." files to 750 or less permissive. # chmod 750 [file name]

b
Permissions on user .netrc files must be 750 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216420 - SV-216420r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216420
  • V-48123
Rule IDs
  • SV-216420r603267_rule
  • SV-60995
.netrc files may contain unencrypted passwords that can be used to attack other systems.
Checks: C-17656r371348_chk

The root role is required. Check that permissions on user .netrc files are 750 or less permissive. # for dir in \ `logins -ox | awk -F: '($8 == "PS") { print $6 }'`; do find ${dir}/.netrc -type f \( \ -perm -g+r -o -perm -g+w -o -perm -g+x -o \ -perm -o+r -o -perm -o+w -o -perm -o+x \) \ -ls 2&gt;/dev/null done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17654r371349_fix

The root role is required. Change the permissions on users' .netrc files to 750 or less permissive. # chmod 750 [file name]

c
There must be no user .rhosts files.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216421 - SV-216421r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216421
  • V-48119
Rule IDs
  • SV-216421r603267_rule
  • SV-60991
Even though the .rhosts files are ineffective if support is disabled in /etc/pam.conf, they may have been brought over from other systems and could contain information useful to an attacker for those other systems.
Checks: C-17657r371351_chk

The root role is required. Check for the presence of .rhosts files. # for dir in \ `logins -ox | awk -F: '($8 == "PS") { print $6 }'`; do find ${dir}/.rhosts -type f -ls 2&gt;/dev/null done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17655r371352_fix

The root role is required. Remove any .rhosts files found. # rm [file name]

b
Groups assigned to users must exist in the /etc/group file.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216422 - SV-216422r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070060
Vuln IDs
  • V-216422
  • V-48115
Rule IDs
  • SV-216422r603267_rule
  • SV-60987
Groups defined in passwd but not in group file pose a threat to system security since group permissions are not properly managed.
Checks: C-17658r371354_chk

The root role is required. Check that groups are configured correctly. # logins -xo | awk -F: '($3 == "") { print $1 }' If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17656r371355_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the Audit step. Determine if any groups are in passwd but not in group, and work with those users or group owners to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy.

a
Users must have a valid home directory assignment.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216423 - SV-216423r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070070
Vuln IDs
  • V-216423
  • V-48109
Rule IDs
  • SV-216423r603267_rule
  • SV-60981
All users must be assigned a home directory in the passwd file. Failure to have a home directory may result in the user being put in the root directory.
Checks: C-17659r371357_chk

The root role is required. Determine if each user has a valid home directory. # logins -xo | while read line; do user=`echo ${line} | awk -F: '{ print $1 }'` home=`echo ${line} | awk -F: '{ print $6 }'` if [ -z "${home}" ]; then echo ${user} fi done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17657r371358_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the check step. Determine if there exists any users who are in passwd but do not have a home directory, and work with those users to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. This generally means deleting the user or creating a valid home directory.

a
All user accounts must be configured to use a home directory that exists.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216424 - SV-216424r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070080
Vuln IDs
  • V-216424
  • V-48105
Rule IDs
  • SV-216424r603267_rule
  • SV-60977
If the user's home directory does not exist, the user will be placed in "/" and will not be able to write any files or have local environment variables set.
Checks: C-17660r371360_chk

The root role is required. Check if a GUI is installed. Determine the OS version you are currently securing:. # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pkg info gdm # pkg info coherence-26 # pkg info coherence-27 If none of these packages are installed on the system, then no GUI is present. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pkg info gdm If gdm is not installed on the system, then no GUI is present. # pkg info uucp uucp is no longer installed by default starting in 11.4 and is deprecated. For all versions, check that all users' home directories exist. # pwck Accounts with no home directory will output "Login directory not found". If no GUI is present, then "gdm" and "upnp" accounts should generate errors. On all systems, with uucp package installed, the "uucp" and "nuucp" accounts should generate errors. If users' home directories do not exist, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17658r371361_fix

The root role is required. Work with users identified in the check step to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. This generally means deleting the user account or creating a valid home directory.

b
All home directories must be owned by the respective user assigned to it in /etc/passwd.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216425 - SV-216425r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070090
Vuln IDs
  • V-216425
  • V-48097
Rule IDs
  • SV-216425r603267_rule
  • SV-60969
Since the user is accountable for files stored in the user's home directory, the user must be the owner of the directory.
Checks: C-17661r371363_chk

The root role is required. Check that home directories are owned by the correct user. # export IFS=":"; logins -uxo | while read user uid group gid gecos home rest; do result=$(find ${home} -type d -prune \! -user $user -print 2&gt;/dev/null); if [ ! -z "${result}" ]; then echo "User: ${user}\tOwner: $(ls -ld $home | awk '{ print $3 }')"; fi; done If any output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17659r371364_fix

The root role is required. Correct the owner of any directory that does not match the password file entry for that user. # chown [user] [home directory]

b
Duplicate User IDs (UIDs) must not exist for users within the organization.
IA-2 - Medium - CCI-000764 - V-216426 - SV-216426r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-2
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000764
Version
SOL-11.1-070100
Vuln IDs
  • V-216426
  • V-48095
Rule IDs
  • SV-216426r603267_rule
  • SV-60967
Users within the organization must be assigned unique UIDs for accountability and to ensure appropriate access protections.
Checks: C-17662r371366_chk

The root role is required. Check that there are no duplicate UIDs. # logins -d If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17660r371367_fix

The root role is required. Determine if there exists any users who share a common UID, and work with those users to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. Change user account names and UID or delete accounts, so each account has a unique name and UID.

b
Duplicate UIDs must not exist for multiple non-organizational users.
IA-8 - Medium - CCI-000804 - V-216427 - SV-216427r603267_rule
RMF Control
IA-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000804
Version
SOL-11.1-070110
Vuln IDs
  • V-216427
  • V-48091
Rule IDs
  • SV-216427r603267_rule
  • SV-60963
Non-organizational users must be assigned unique UIDs for accountability and to ensure appropriate access protections.
Checks: C-17663r371369_chk

The root role is required. Check that there are no duplicate UIDs. # logins -d If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17661r371370_fix

The root role is required. Determine if there exists any users who share a common UID, and work with those users to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. Change user account names and UID or delete accounts, so each account has a unique name and UID.

b
Duplicate Group IDs (GIDs) must not exist for multiple groups.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216428 - SV-216428r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070120
Vuln IDs
  • V-216428
  • V-48081
Rule IDs
  • SV-216428r603267_rule
  • SV-60953
User groups must be assigned unique GIDs for accountability and to ensure appropriate access protections.
Checks: C-17664r371372_chk

The root role is required. Check that group IDs are unique. # getent group | cut -f3 -d":" | sort -n | uniq -c |\ while read x ; do [ -z "${x}" ] &amp;&amp; break set - $x if [ $1 -gt 1 ]; then grps=`getent group | nawk -F: '($3 == n) { print $1 }' n=$2 | xargs` echo "Duplicate GID ($2): ${grps}" fi done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17662r371373_fix

The root role is required. Work with each respective group owner to remediate this issue and ensure that the group ownership of their files are set to an appropriate value.

b
Reserved UIDs 0-99 must only be used by system accounts.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216429 - SV-216429r809489_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216429
  • V-48077
Rule IDs
  • SV-216429r809489_rule
  • SV-60949
If a user is assigned a UID that is in the reserved range, even if it is not presently in use, security exposures can arise if a subsequently installed application uses the same UID.
Checks: C-17665r809488_chk

The root role is required. Check that reserved UIDs are not assigned to non-system users. Determine the OS version you are currently securing: # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # logins -so | awk -F: '{ print $1 }' | while read user; do found=0 for tUser in root daemon bin sys adm dladm netadm netcfg \ ftp dhcpserv sshd smmsp gdm zfssnap aiuser \ polkitd ikeuser lp openldap webservd unknown \ uucp nuucp upnp xvm mysql postgres svctag \ pkg5srv nobody noaccess nobody4; do if [ ${user} = ${tUser} ]; then found=1 fi done if [ $found -eq 0 ]; then echo "Invalid User with Reserved UID: ${user}" fi done If output is produced without justification and documentation in accordance with site policy, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # logins -so | awk -F: '{ print $1 }' | while read user; do found=0 for tUser in root daemon bin sys adm dladm netadm \ netcfg dhcpserv sshd smmsp gdm zfssnap aiuser _polkitd \ ikeuser lp openldap webservd unknown \ uucp nuucp upnp xvm mysql postgres svctag \ pkg5srv nobody noaccess nobody4 _ntp; do if [ ${user} = ${tUser} ]; then found=1 fi done if [ $found -eq 0 ]; then echo "Invalid User with Reserved UID: ${user}" fi done If output is produced without justification and documentation in accordance with site policy, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17663r462494_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the Check step. Determine if there are any accounts using these reserved UIDs, and work with their owners to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. This may require deleting users or changing UIDs for users.

b
Duplicate user names must not exist.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216430 - SV-216430r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216430
  • V-48073
Rule IDs
  • SV-216430r603267_rule
  • SV-60945
If a user is assigned a duplicate user name, it will create and have access to files with the first UID for that username in passwd.
Checks: C-17666r371378_chk

The root role is required. Identify any duplicate user names. # getent passwd | awk -F: '{print $1}' | uniq -d If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17664r371379_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the Check step. Determine if there are any duplicate user names, and work with their respective owners to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. Delete or change the user name of duplicate users.

b
Duplicate group names must not exist.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216431 - SV-216431r603868_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070150
Vuln IDs
  • V-216431
  • V-48069
Rule IDs
  • SV-216431r603868_rule
  • SV-60941
If a group is assigned a duplicate group name, it will create and have access to files with the first GID for that group in group. Effectively, the GID is shared, which is a security risk.
Checks: C-17667r622331_chk

The root role is required. Check for duplicate group names. # getent group | cut -f1 -d":" | sort -n | uniq -d If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17665r371382_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the Check step. Determine if there are any duplicate group names, and work with their respective owners to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. Delete or change the group name of duplicate groups.

b
User .netrc files must not exist.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216432 - SV-216432r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070160
Vuln IDs
  • V-216432
  • V-48067
Rule IDs
  • SV-216432r603267_rule
  • SV-60939
The .netrc file presents a significant security risk since it stores passwords in unencrypted form.
Checks: C-17668r371384_chk

The root role is required. Check for the presence of user .netrc files. # for dir in \ `logins -ox | awk -F: '($8 == "PS") { print $6 }'`; do ls -l ${dir}/.netrc 2&gt;/dev/null done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17666r371385_fix

The root role is required. Determine if any .netrc files exist, and work with the owners to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy.

b
The system must not allow users to configure .forward files.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216433 - SV-216433r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070170
Vuln IDs
  • V-216433
  • V-48065
Rule IDs
  • SV-216433r603267_rule
  • SV-60937
Use of the .forward file poses a security risk in that sensitive data may be inadvertently transferred outside the organization. The .forward file also poses a secondary risk as it can be used to execute commands that may perform unintended actions.
Checks: C-17669r371387_chk

The root role is required. # for dir in \ `logins -ox | awk -F: '($8 == "PS") { print $6 }'`; do ls -l ${dir}/.forward 2&gt;/dev/null done If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17667r371388_fix

The root role is required. Remove any .forward files that are found. # pfexec rm [filename]

b
World-writable files must not exist.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216434 - SV-216434r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070180
Vuln IDs
  • V-216434
  • V-48063
Rule IDs
  • SV-216434r603267_rule
  • SV-60935
Data in world-writable files can be read, modified, and potentially compromised by any user on the system. World-writable files may also indicate an incorrectly written script or program that could potentially be the cause of a larger compromise to the system's integrity.
Checks: C-17670r371390_chk

The root role is required. Check for the existence of world-writable files. # find / \( -fstype nfs -o -fstype cachefs -o -fstype autofs \ -o -fstype ctfs -o -fstype mntfs -o -fstype objfs \ -o -fstype proc \) -prune -o -type f -perm -0002 -print If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17668r371391_fix

The root role is required. Change the permissions of the files identified in the check step to remove the world-writable permission. # pfexec chmod o-w [filename]

a
All valid SUID/SGID files must be documented.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216435 - SV-216435r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070190
Vuln IDs
  • V-216435
  • V-48059
Rule IDs
  • SV-216435r603267_rule
  • SV-60931
There are valid reasons for SUID/SGID programs, but it is important to identify and review such programs to ensure they are legitimate.
Checks: C-17671r371393_chk

The root role is required. # find / \( -fstype nfs -o -fstype cachefs -o -fstype autofs \ -o -fstype ctfs -o -fstype mntfs -o -fstype objfs \ -o -fstype proc \) -prune -o -type f -perm -4000 -o \ -perm -2000 -print Output should only be Solaris-provided files and approved customer files. Solaris-provided SUID/SGID files can be listed using the command: # pkg contents -a mode=4??? -a mode=2??? -t file -o pkg.name,path,mode Digital signatures on the Solaris Set-UID binaries can be verified with the elfsign utility, such as this example: # elfsign verify -e /usr/bin/su elfsign: verification of /usr/bin/su passed. This message indicates that the binary is properly signed. If non-vendor provided or non-approved files are included in the list, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17669r371394_fix

The root role is required. Determine the existence of any set-UID programs that do not belong on the system, and work with the owners (or system administrator) to determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy.

b
The operating system must have no unowned files.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216436 - SV-216436r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070200
Vuln IDs
  • V-216436
  • V-48039
Rule IDs
  • SV-216436r603267_rule
  • SV-60911
A new user who is assigned a deleted user's user ID or group ID may then end up owning these files, and thus have more access on the system than was intended.
Checks: C-17672r371396_chk

The root role is required. Identify all files that are owned by a user or group not listed in /etc/passwd or /etc/group # find / \( -fstype nfs -o -fstype cachefs -o -fstype autofs \ -o -fstype ctfs -o -fstype mntfs -o -fstype objfs \ -o -fstype proc \) -prune \( -nouser -o -nogroup \) -ls If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17670r371397_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the Check step. Determine the existence of any files that are not attributed to current users or groups on the system, and determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. Remove the files and directories or change their ownership.

a
The operating system must have no files with extended attributes.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216437 - SV-216437r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070210
Vuln IDs
  • V-216437
  • V-48037
Rule IDs
  • SV-216437r603267_rule
  • SV-60909
Attackers or malicious users could hide information, exploits, etc. in extended attribute areas. Since extended attributes are rarely used, it is important to find files with extended attributes set and correct these attributes.
Checks: C-17673r371399_chk

The root role is required. Identify all files with extended attributes. # find / \( -fstype nfs -o -fstype cachefs -o -fstype autofs \ -o -fstype ctfs -o -fstype mntfs -o -fstype objfs \ -o -fstype proc \) -prune -o -xattr -ls If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17671r371400_fix

The root role is required. Correct or justify any items discovered in the Check step. Determine the existence of any files having extended file attributes, and determine the best course of action in accordance with site policy. Remove the files or the extended attributes.

b
The root account must be the only account with GID of 0.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216438 - SV-216438r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070220
Vuln IDs
  • V-216438
  • V-48035
Rule IDs
  • SV-216438r603267_rule
  • SV-60907
All accounts with a GID of 0 have root group privileges and must be limited to the group account only.
Checks: C-17674r371402_chk

Identify any users with GID of 0. # awk -F: '$4 == 0' /etc/passwd # awk -F: '$3 == 0' /etc/group Confirm the only account with a group id of 0 is root. If the root account is not the only account with GID of 0, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17672r371403_fix

The root role is required. Change the default GID of non-root accounts to a valid GID other than 0.

a
The operating system must reveal error messages only to authorized personnel.
SI-11 - Low - CCI-001314 - V-216439 - SV-216439r603267_rule
RMF Control
SI-11
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-001314
Version
SOL-11.1-070240
Vuln IDs
  • V-216439
  • V-48033
Rule IDs
  • SV-216439r603267_rule
  • SV-60905
Proper file permissions and ownership ensures that only designated personnel in the organization can access error messages.
Checks: C-17675r371405_chk

Check the permissions of the /var/adm/messages file: # ls -l /var/adm/messages Check the permissions of the /var/adm directory: # ls -ld /var/adm If the owner and group of /var/adm/messages is not root and the permissions are not 640, this is a finding. If the owner of /var/adm is not root, group is not sys, and the permissions are not 750, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17673r371406_fix

The root role is required. Change the permissions and owner on the /var/adm/messages file: # chmod 640 /var/adm/messages # chown root /var/adm/messages # chgrp root /var/adm/messages Change the permissions and owner on the /var/adm directory: # chmod 750 /var/adm # chown root /var/adm # chgrp sys /var/adm

b
The operator must document all file system objects that have non-standard access control list settings.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216441 - SV-216441r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-070260
Vuln IDs
  • V-216441
  • V-48029
Rule IDs
  • SV-216441r603267_rule
  • SV-60901
Access Control Lists allow an object owner to expand permissions on an object to specific users and groups in addition to the standard permission model. Non-standard Access Control List settings can allow unauthorized users to modify critical files.
Checks: C-17677r371411_chk

The root role is required. Identify all file system objects that have non-standard access control lists enabled. # find / \( -fstype nfs -o -fstype cachefs -o -fstype autofs \ -o -fstype ctfs -o -fstype mntfs -o -fstype objfs \ -o -fstype proc \) -prune -o -acl -ls This command should return no output. If output is created, this is a finding. If the files are approved to have ACLs by organizational security policy, document the files and the reason that ACLs are required.

Fix: F-17675r371412_fix

The root role is required. Remove ACLs that are not approved in the security policy. For ZFS file systems, remove all extended ACLs with the following command: # chmod A- [filename] For UFS file systems Determine the ACLs that are set on a file: # getfacl [filename] Remove any ACL configurations that are set: # setfacl -d [ACL] [filename]

c
The operating system must be a supported release.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216442 - SV-216442r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216442
  • V-48027
Rule IDs
  • SV-216442r603267_rule
  • SV-60899
An operating system release is considered supported if the vendor continues to provide security patches for the product. With an unsupported release, it will not be possible to resolve security issues discovered in the system software.
Checks: C-17678r371414_chk

Determine the operating system version. # uname -a If the release is not supported by the vendor, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17676r371415_fix

Upgrade to a supported version of the operating system.

b
The system must implement non-executable program stacks.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216443 - SV-216443r793063_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080020
Vuln IDs
  • V-216443
  • V-48025
Rule IDs
  • SV-216443r793063_rule
  • SV-60897
A common type of exploit is the stack buffer overflow. An application receives, from an attacker, more data than it is prepared for and stores this information on its stack, writing beyond the space reserved for it. This can be designed to cause execution of the data written on the stack. One mechanism to mitigate this vulnerability is for the system to not allow the execution of instructions in sections of memory identified as part of the stack.
Checks: C-17679r793027_chk

Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v If the OS version is 11.3 or newer, this check applies to all zones and relies on the "sxadm" command. Determine if the system implements non-executable program stacks. # sxadm status -p nxstack | cut -d: -f2 enabled.all If the command output is not "enabled.all", this is a finding. For Solaris 11, 11.1, and 11.2, this check applies to the global zone only and the "/etc/system" file is inspected. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", determine if the system implements non-executable program stacks. # grep noexec_user_stack /etc/system If the noexec_user_stack is not set to 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17677r371418_fix

The root role is required. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v If the OS version is 11.3 or newer, enable non-executable program stacks using the "sxadm" command. # pfexec sxadm enable nxstack For Solaris 11, 11.1, and 11.2, this action applies to the global zone only and the "/etc/system" file is updated. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", modify the "/etc/system" file. # pfedit /etc/system add the line: set noexec_user_stack=1 Solaris 11, 11.1, and 11.2 systems will need to be restarted for the setting to take effect.

a
Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) must be enabled.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216444 - SV-216444r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216444
  • V-48023
Rule IDs
  • SV-216444r603267_rule
  • SV-60895
Modification of memory area can result in executable code vulnerabilities. ASLR can reduce the likelihood of these attacks. ASLR activates the randomization of key areas of the process such as stack, brk-based heap, memory mappings, and so forth.
Checks: C-17680r371420_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine if address space layout randomization is enabled. Determine the OS version you are currently securing:. # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # sxadm info -p | grep aslr | grep enabled For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # sxadm status -p -o status aslr | grep enabled If no output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17678r371421_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Enable address space layout randomization. # sxadm delcust aslr Enabling ASLR may affect the function or stability of some applications, including those that use Solaris Intimate Shared Memory features.

b
Process core dumps must be disabled unless needed.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216445 - SV-216445r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216445
  • V-48021
Rule IDs
  • SV-216445r603267_rule
  • SV-60893
Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Process core dump files can be of significant size and their use can result in file systems filling to capacity, which may result in denial of service. Process core dumps can be useful for software debugging.
Checks: C-17681r371423_chk

Check the process core dump configuration. # coreadm | grep enabled If any lines are returned by coreadm other than "logging", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17679r371424_fix

The Maintenance and Repair profile is required. Change the process core dump configuration to disable core dumps globally and on a per process basis. # coreadm -d global # coreadm -d process # coreadm -d global-setid # coreadm -d proc-setid # coreadm -e log

b
The system must be configured to store any process core dumps in a specific, centralized directory.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216446 - SV-216446r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080045
Vuln IDs
  • V-216446
  • V-95717
Rule IDs
  • SV-216446r603267_rule
  • SV-104855
Specifying a centralized location for core file creation allows for the centralized protection of core files. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If process core dump creation is not configured to use a centralized directory, core dumps may be created in a directory that does not have appropriate ownership or permissions configured, which could result in unauthorized access to the core dumps.
Checks: C-17682r371426_chk

Check the defined directory for process core dumps: # coreadm | grep "global core file pattern" If the parameter is not set, or is not an absolute path (does not start with a slash [/]), this is a finding.

Fix: F-17680r371427_fix

The root role is required. Set the core file directory and file pattern. # coreadm -g /var/share/cores/core.%f.%p

b
The centralized process core dump data directory must be owned by root.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216447 - SV-216447r605566_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216447
  • V-48019
Rule IDs
  • SV-216447r605566_rule
  • SV-60891
Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the centralized process core dump data directory is not owned by root, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.
Checks: C-36487r622429_chk

Check the defined directory for process core dumps. # coreadm | grep "global core file pattern" Check the ownership of the directory. # ls -lLd [core file directory] If the directory is not owned by root, this is a finding.

Fix: F-36451r622430_fix

The root role is required. Change the owner of the core file directory. # chown root [core file directory]

b
The centralized process core dump data directory must be group-owned by root, bin, or sys.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216448 - SV-216448r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080060
Vuln IDs
  • V-216448
  • V-48017
Rule IDs
  • SV-216448r603267_rule
  • SV-60889
Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the centralized process core dump data directory is not group-owned by a system group, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.
Checks: C-36488r603067_chk

Check the defined directory for process core dumps. # coreadm | grep "global core file pattern" Check the group ownership of the directory. # ls -lLd [core file directory] If the directory is not group-owned by root, bin, or sys, this is a finding.

Fix: F-36452r603068_fix

The root role is required. Change the group-owner of the core file directory to root, bin, or sys. Example: # chgrp root [core file directory]

b
The centralized process core dump data directory must have mode 0700 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216449 - SV-216449r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080070
Vuln IDs
  • V-216449
  • V-48015
Rule IDs
  • SV-216449r603267_rule
  • SV-60887
Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the process core dump data directory has a mode more permissive than 0700, unauthorized users may be able to view or to modify sensitive information contained in any process core dumps in the directory.
Checks: C-17685r371435_chk

Check the defined directory for process core dumps. # coreadm | grep "global core file pattern" Check the permissions of the directory. # ls -lLd [core file directory] If the directory has a mode more permissive than 0700 (rwx --- ---), this is a finding.

Fix: F-17683r371436_fix

The root role is required. Change the mode of the core file directory. # chmod 0700 [core file directory]

b
Kernel core dumps must be disabled unless needed.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216450 - SV-216450r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080080
Vuln IDs
  • V-216450
  • V-48013
Rule IDs
  • SV-216450r603267_rule
  • SV-60885
Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. Kernel core dumps may consume a considerable amount of disk space and may result in denial of service by exhausting the available space on the target file system. The kernel core dump process may increase the amount of time a system is unavailable due to a crash. Kernel core dumps can be useful for kernel debugging.
Checks: C-17686r371438_chk

The root role is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Verify savecore is not used. # dumpadm | grep 'Savecore enabled' If the value is yes, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17684r371439_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Disable savecore. # dumpadm -n

b
The kernel core dump data directory must be owned by root.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216451 - SV-216451r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080090
Vuln IDs
  • V-216451
  • V-48011
Rule IDs
  • SV-216451r603267_rule
  • SV-60883
Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If the kernel core dump data directory is not owned by root, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.
Checks: C-17687r371441_chk

The root role is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the location of the system dump directory. # dumpadm | grep directory Check the ownership of the kernel core dump data directory. # ls -ld [savecore directory] If the kernel core dump data directory is not owned by root, this is a finding. In Solaris 11, /var/crash is linked to /var/share/crash.

Fix: F-17685r371442_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Determine the location of the system dump directory. # dumpadm | grep directory Change the owner of the kernel core dump data directory to root. # chown root [savecore directory] In Solaris 11, /var/crash is linked to /var/share/crash.

b
The kernel core dump data directory must be group-owned by root.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216452 - SV-216452r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080100
Vuln IDs
  • V-216452
  • V-48009
Rule IDs
  • SV-216452r603267_rule
  • SV-60881
Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If the kernel core dump data directory is not group-owned by a system group, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.
Checks: C-17688r371444_chk

The root role is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the location of the system dump directory. # dumpadm | grep directory Check ownership of the core dump data directory. # ls -l [savecore directory] If the directory is not group-owned by root, this is a finding. In Solaris 11, /var/crash is linked to /var/share/crash.

Fix: F-17686r371445_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Determine the location of the system dump directory. # dumpadm | grep directory Change the group-owner of the kernel core dump data directory. # chgrp root [kernel core dump data directory] In Solaris 11, /var/crash is linked to /var/share/crash.

b
The kernel core dump data directory must have mode 0700 or less permissive.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216453 - SV-216453r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080110
Vuln IDs
  • V-216453
  • V-48007
Rule IDs
  • SV-216453r603267_rule
  • SV-60879
Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If the mode of the kernel core dump data directory is more permissive than 0700, unauthorized users may be able to view or to modify kernel core dump data files.
Checks: C-17689r371447_chk

The root role is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the location of the system dump directory. # dumpadm | grep directory Check the permissions of the kernel core dump data directory. # ls -ld [savecore directory] If the directory has a mode more permissive than 0700 (rwx --- ---), this is a finding.

Fix: F-17687r371448_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Determine the location of the system dump directory. # dumpadm | grep directory Change the group-owner of the kernel core dump data directory. # chmod 0700 [savecore directory]

a
The system must require passwords to change the boot device settings. (SPARC)
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216454 - SV-216454r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216454
  • V-48003
Rule IDs
  • SV-216454r603267_rule
  • SV-60875
Setting the EEPROM password helps prevent attackers who gain physical access to the system console from booting from an external device (such as a CD-ROM or floppy).
Checks: C-17690r371450_chk

This check applies only to SPARC-based systems. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine if the EEPROM security mode on SPARC-based systems is configured correctly. # eeprom security-mode If the output of this command is not "security-mode=command", this is a finding.

Fix: F-17688r371451_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. # eeprom security-mode=command After entering the command above, the administrator will be prompted for a password. This password will be required to authorize any future command issued at boot-level on the system (the ok or > prompt) except for the normal multi-user boot command (i.e., the system will be able to reboot unattended). Write down the password and store it in a secure location.

b
The operating system must implement transaction recovery for transaction-based systems.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216455 - SV-216455r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080150
Vuln IDs
  • V-216455
  • V-47997
Rule IDs
  • SV-216455r603267_rule
  • SV-60869
Recovery and reconstitution constitutes executing an operating system contingency plan comprised of activities to restore essential missions and business functions. Transaction rollback and transaction journaling are examples of mechanisms supporting transaction recovery. While this is typically a database function, operating systems could be transactional in nature with respect to file processing.
Checks: C-17691r371453_chk

Solaris 11 ZFS copy-on-write model allows filesystem accesses to work according to a transactional model, such that on-disk content is always consistent and cannot be configured to be out of compliance. Determine if any UFS file systems are mounted with the "nologging" option. # mount|grep nologging If any file systems are listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17689r371454_fix

The root role is required. Solaris 11 ZFS copy-on-write model allows filesystem accesses to work according to a transactional model, such that on-disk content is always consistent and cannot be configured to be out of compliance. If any UFS file systems are mounted with the "nologging" options, remove that option from the /etc/vfstab file. # pfedit /etc/vfstab Locate any file systems listed with the "nologging" option and delete the keyword "nologging".

c
SNMP communities, users, and passphrases must be changed from the default.
CM-6 - High - CCI-000366 - V-216456 - SV-216456r793064_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-080160
Vuln IDs
  • V-216456
  • V-47995
Rule IDs
  • SV-216456r793064_rule
  • SV-60867
Whether active or not, default SNMP passwords, users, and passphrases must be changed to maintain security. If the service is running with the default authenticators, then anyone can gather data about the system and the network and use the information to potentially compromise the integrity of the system or network(s).
Checks: C-17692r793029_chk

The root role is required. Check the SNMP configuration for default passwords. Locate and examine the SNMP configuration. Procedure: Find any occurrences of the snmpd.conf file delivered with Solaris packages: # pkg search -l -Ho path snmpd.conf | awk '{ print "/"$1 }' # more [filename] Identify any community names or user password configurations. If any community name or password is set to a default value, such as public, private, snmp-trap, or password, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17690r371457_fix

The root role is required. Change the default snmpd.conf community passwords. To change them, locate the snmpd.conf file and edit it. # pfedit [filename] Locate the line system-group-read-community which has a default password of public and make the password something more random (less guessable). Make the same changes for the lines that read system- group-write-community, read-community, write-community, trap, and trap-community. Read the information in the file carefully. The trap is defining who to send traps to, for instance, by default. It is not a password, but the name of a host.

b
A file integrity baseline must be created, maintained, and reviewed at least weekly to determine if unauthorized changes have been made to important system files located in the root file system.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216457 - SV-216457r877417_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216457
  • V-47987
Rule IDs
  • SV-216457r877417_rule
  • SV-60859
A file integrity baseline is a collection of file metadata used to evaluate the integrity of the system. A minimal baseline must contain metadata for all device files, setuid files, setgid files, system libraries, system binaries, and system configuration files. The minimal metadata must consist of the mode, owner, group owner, and modification times. For regular files, metadata must also include file size and a cryptographic hash of the file's contents.
Checks: C-17693r877416_chk

The root role is required. Solaris 11 includes the Basic Account and Reporting Tool (BART), which uses cryptographic-strength checksums and file system metadata to determine changes. By default, the manifest generator catalogs all attributes of all files in the root (/) file system. File systems mounted on the root file system are cataloged only if they are of the same type as the root file system. A Baseline BART manifest may exist in: /var/adm/log/bartlogs/[control manifest filename] If a BART manifest does not exist, this is a finding. At least weekly, create a new BART baseline report. # bart create &gt; /var/adm/log/bartlogs/[new manifest filename] Compare the new report to the previous report to identify any changes in the system baseline. # bart compare /var/adm/log/bartlogs/[baseline manifest filename] /var/adm/log/bartlogs/[new manifest filename] Examine the BART report for changes. If there are changes to system files in /etc that are not approved, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17691r371460_fix

The root role is required. Solaris 11 includes the Basic Account and Reporting Tool (BART) which uses cryptographic-strength checksums and file system metadata to determine changes. By default, the manifest generator catalogs all attributes of all files in the root (/) file system. File systems mounted on the root file system are cataloged only if they are of the same type as the root file system. Create a protected area to store BART manifests. # mkdir /var/adm/log/bartlogs # chmod 700 /var/adm/log/bartlogs After initial installation and configuration of the system, create a manifest report of the current baseline. # bart create > /var/adm/log/bartlogs/[baseline manifest filename]

b
Direct logins must not be permitted to shared, default, application, or utility accounts.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216459 - SV-216459r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216459
  • V-47983
Rule IDs
  • SV-216459r603267_rule
  • SV-60855
Shared accounts (accounts where two or more people log in with the same user identification) do not provide identification and authentication. There is no way to provide for non-repudiation or individual accountability.
Checks: C-17695r371465_chk

The Audit Review profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Use the "auditreduce" command to check for multiple accesses to an account # auditreduce -c lo -u [shared_user_name] | praudit -l If users log directly into accounts, rather than using the "su" command from their own named account to access them, this is a finding. Also, ask the SA or the IAO if shared accounts are logged into directly or if users log into an individual account and switch user to the shared account.

Fix: F-17693r371466_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Use the switch user ("su") command from a named account login to access shared accounts. Maintain audit trails that identify the actual user of the account name. Document requirements and procedures for users/administrators to log into their own accounts first and then switch user ("su") to the shared account.

a
The system must not have any unnecessary accounts.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216460 - SV-216460r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216460
  • V-47979
Rule IDs
  • SV-216460r603267_rule
  • SV-60851
Accounts providing no operational purpose provide additional opportunities for system compromise. Unnecessary accounts include user accounts for individuals not requiring access to the system and application accounts for applications not installed on the system.
Checks: C-17696r371468_chk

Check the system for unnecessary user accounts. # getent passwd Some examples of unnecessary accounts include games, news, gopher, ftp, and lp. If any unnecessary accounts are found, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17694r371469_fix

The root role is required. Remove all unnecessary accounts, such as games, from the /etc/passwd file before connecting a system to the network. Other accounts, such as news and gopher, associated with a service not in use should also be removed. Identify unnecessary accounts. # getent passwd Remove unnecessary accounts. # userdel [username]

b
The operating system must conduct backups of user-level information contained in the operating system per organization-defined frequency to conduct backups consistent with recovery time and recovery point objectives.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216461 - SV-216461r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216461
  • V-47977
Rule IDs
  • SV-216461r603267_rule
  • SV-60849
Operating system backup is a critical step in maintaining data assurance and availability. User-level information is data generated by information system and/or application users. Backups shall be consistent with organizational recovery time and recovery point objectives.
Checks: C-17697r371471_chk

The operations staff shall ensure that proper backups are created, tested, and archived. Ask the operator for documentation on the backup procedures implemented. If the backup procedures are not documented then this is a finding.

Fix: F-17695r371472_fix

The operations staff shall install, configure, test, and verify operating system backup software. Additionally, all backup procedures must be documented.

b
The operating system must conduct backups of system-level information contained in the information system per organization-defined frequency to conduct backups that are consistent with recovery time and recovery point objectives.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216462 - SV-216462r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090060
Vuln IDs
  • V-216462
  • V-47975
Rule IDs
  • SV-216462r603267_rule
  • SV-60847
Operating system backup is a critical step in maintaining data assurance and availability. System-level information is data generated for/by the host (such as configuration settings) and/or administrative users. Backups shall be consistent with organizational recovery time and recovery point objectives.
Checks: C-17698r371474_chk

The operations staff shall ensure that proper backups are created, tested, and archived. Ask the operator for documentation on the backup procedures implemented. If the backup procedures are not documented then this is a finding.

Fix: F-17696r371475_fix

The operations staff shall install, configure, test, and verify operating system backup software. Additionally, all backup procedures must be documented.

b
The operating system must conduct backups of operating system documentation including security-related documentation per organization-defined frequency to conduct backups that is consistent with recovery time and recovery point objectives.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216463 - SV-216463r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090070
Vuln IDs
  • V-216463
  • V-47973
Rule IDs
  • SV-216463r603267_rule
  • SV-60845
Operating system backup is a critical step in maintaining data assurance and availability. System documentation is data generated for/by the host (such as logs) and/or administrative users. Backups shall be consistent with organizational recovery time and recovery point objectives.
Checks: C-17699r371477_chk

The operations staff shall ensure that proper backups are created, tested, and archived. Ask the operator for documentation on the backup procedures implemented. If the backup procedures are not documented then this is a finding.

Fix: F-17697r371478_fix

The operations staff shall install, configure, test, and verify operating system backup software. Additionally, all backup procedures must be documented.

b
The operating system must prevent the execution of prohibited mobile code.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001695 - V-216464 - SV-216464r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001695
Version
SOL-11.1-090100
Vuln IDs
  • V-216464
  • V-47969
Rule IDs
  • SV-216464r603267_rule
  • SV-60841
Decisions regarding the employment of mobile code within operating systems are based on the potential for the code to cause damage to the system if used maliciously. Mobile code technologies include Java, JavaScript, ActiveX, PDF, Postscript, Shockwave movies, Flash animations, and VBScript. Usage restrictions and implementation guidance apply to both the selection and use of mobile code installed on organizational servers and mobile code downloaded and executed on individual workstations.
Checks: C-17700r371480_chk

Determine if the Firefox package is installed: # pkg list web/browser/firefox If the package is not installed, this check does not apply. If installed, ensure that it is a supported version. # pkg info firefox | grep Version Version: 52.5.2 If the version is not supported, this is a finding. Ensure that Java and JavaScript access by Firefox are disabled. Start Firefox. In the address bar type: about:config In search bar type: javascript.enabled If 'Value" is true, this is a finding In the address bar type: about:addons Click on "I accept the risk" button. Click on "Plugins". If Java is enabled, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17698r371481_fix

In the address bar type: about:config Click on "I accept the risk" button. In search bar type: javascript.enabled Double click on the javascript.enabled and Value true will change to false. In the address bar type: about:addons Click on "Plugins". If Java is displayed, disable Java by clicking on the Never Activate selection

b
The operating system must employ PKI solutions at workstations, servers, or mobile computing devices on the network to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216465 - SV-216465r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090115
Vuln IDs
  • V-216465
  • V-49625
Rule IDs
  • SV-216465r603267_rule
  • SV-62549
Without the use of PKI systems to manage digital certificates, the operating system or other system components may be unable to securely communicate on a network or reliably verify the identity of a user via digital signatures.
Checks: C-17701r371483_chk

The operator will ensure that a DoD approved PKI system is installed, configured, and properly operating. Ask the operator to document the PKI software installation and configuration. If the operator is not able to provide a documented configuration for an installed PKI system or if the PKI system is not properly configured, maintained, or used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17699r371484_fix

The operator will ensure that a DoD approved PKI software is installed and operating continuously.

b
The operating system must employ malicious code protection mechanisms at workstations, servers, or mobile computing devices on the network to detect and eradicate malicious code transported by electronic mail, electronic mail attachments, web accesses, removable media, or other common means.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216467 - SV-216467r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090130
Vuln IDs
  • V-216467
  • V-47959
Rule IDs
  • SV-216467r603267_rule
  • SV-60831
In order to minimize potential negative impact to the organization caused by malicious code, it is imperative that malicious code is identified and eradicated prior to entering protected enclaves via operating system entry and exit points. The requirement states that AV and malware protection applications must be used at entry and exit points. For the operating system, this means an anti-virus application must be installed on machines that are the entry and exit points.
Checks: C-17703r462433_chk

The operator will ensure that anti-virus software is installed and operating. If the operator is unable to provide a documented configuration for an installed anti-virus software system or if not properly used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17701r462434_fix

The operator will ensure that anti-virus software is installed and operating.

b
The operating system must have malicious code protection mechanisms at system entry and exit points to detect and eradicate malicious code transported by electronic mail, electronic mail attachments, web accesses, removable media, or other common means.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216468 - SV-216468r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090140
Vuln IDs
  • V-216468
  • V-47955
Rule IDs
  • SV-216468r603267_rule
  • SV-60827
This requirement applies to email servers only. In order to minimize potential negative impact to the organization caused by malicious code, it is imperative that malicious code is identified and eradicated prior to entering protected enclaves via operating system entry and exit points. The requirement states that AV and malware protection applications must be used at entry and exit points. For the operating system, this means an anti-virus application must be installed on machines that are the entry and exit points.
Checks: C-17704r371489_chk

The operator will ensure that anti-virus software is installed and operating. If the operator is unable to provide a documented configuration for an installed anti-virus software system or if not properly used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17702r371490_fix

The operator will ensure that anti-virus software is installed and operating.

b
The operating system must back up audit records at least every seven days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited.
AU-9 - Medium - CCI-001348 - V-216469 - SV-216469r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-9
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001348
Version
SOL-11.1-090220
Vuln IDs
  • V-216469
  • V-47941
Rule IDs
  • SV-216469r603267_rule
  • SV-60813
Protection of log data includes assuring log data is not accidentally lost or deleted. Backing up audit records to a different system or onto separate media than the system being audited on an organizationally defined frequency helps to assure in the event of a catastrophic system failure, the audit records will be retained. This helps to ensure a compromise of the information system being audited does not also result in a compromise of the audit records. This requirement can be met by the operating system continuously sending records to a centralized logging server.
Checks: C-17705r371492_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you a currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global" this check applies. The operator must back up audit records at least every 7 days. If the operator is unable to provide a documented procedure or the documented procedure is not being followed, then this is a finding.

Fix: F-17703r371493_fix

This fix applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The operator shall back up audit records at least every seven days.

a
All manual editing of system-relevant files shall be done using the pfedit command, which logs changes made to the files.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216470 - SV-216470r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-090240
Vuln IDs
  • V-216470
  • V-47937
Rule IDs
  • SV-216470r603267_rule
  • SV-60809
Editing a system file with common tools such as vi, emacs, or gedit does not allow the auditing of changes made by an operator. This reduces the capability of determining which operator made security-relevant changes to the system.
Checks: C-17706r371495_chk

Ask the operators if they use vi, emacs, or gedit to make changes to system files. If vi, emacs, or gedit are used to make changes to system files, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17704r371496_fix

Advise the operators to use pdfedit or other appropriate command line tools to make system changes instead of vi, emacs, or gedit. Oracle Solaris includes administrative configuration files which use pfedit, and the solaris.admin.edit/path_to_file authorization is not recommended. Alternate commands exist which are both domain-specific and safer. For example, for the /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, or /etc/user_attr files, use instead passwd, useradd, userdel, or usermod. For the /etc/group file, use instead groupadd, groupdel, or groupmod. For updating /etc/security/auth_attr, /etc/security/exec_attr, or /etc/security/prof_attr, the preferred command is profiles.

b
The operating system must manage excess capacity, bandwidth, or other redundancy to limit the effects of information flooding types of denial of service attacks.
SC-5 - Medium - CCI-001095 - V-216473 - SV-216473r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001095
Version
SOL-11.1-090280
Vuln IDs
  • V-216473
  • V-47899
Rule IDs
  • SV-216473r603267_rule
  • SV-60771
In the case of denial of service attacks, care must be taken when designing the operating system so as to ensure that the operating system makes the best use of system resources.
Checks: C-36489r603070_chk

Determine active Ethernet interfaces and note each LINK name and SPEED-DUPLEX: # dladm show-ether -Z | egrep "LINK|up" LINK PTYPE STATE AUTO SPEED-DUPLEX PAUSE net0 current up yes 1G-f bi net1 current up yes 100m-f bi Determine the OS version you are currently securing: # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # dladm show-linkprop net0 | egrep "LINK|en_" | sort|uniq LINK PROPERTY PERM VALUE EFFECTIVE DEFAULT POSSIBLE net0 en_1000fdx_cap rw 1 1 0 1,0 net0 en_1000hdx_cap r- 0 0 0 1,0 net0 en_100fdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net0 en_100hdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net0 en_10fdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net0 en_10gfdx_cap -- -- -- 0 1,0 net0 en_10hdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net0 en_25gfdx_cap -- -- -- 0 1,0 net0 en_40gfdx_cap -- -- -- 0 1,0 # dladm show-linkprop net1 | egrep "LINK|en_" | sort|uniq LINK PROPERTY PERM VALUE EFFECTIVE DEFAULT POSSIBLE net1 en_1000fdx_cap rw 0 0 0 1,0 net1 en_1000hdx_cap r- 0 0 0 1,0 net1 en_100fdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net1 en_100hdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net1 en_10fdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net1 en_10gfdx_cap -- -- -- 0 1,0 net1 en_10hdx_cap rw 1 1 1 1,0 net1 en_25gfdx_cap -- -- -- 0 1,0 net1 en_40gfdx_cap -- -- -- 0 1,0 For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # dladm show-linkprop -p speed-duplex net0 LINK PROPERTY PERM VALUE EFFECTIVE DEFAULT POSSIBLE net0 speed-duplex rw 1g-f,100m-f, 1g-f,100m-f, 100m-f, 1g-f,100m-f, 100m-h, 100m-h, 100m-h, 100m-h,10m-f, 10m-f,10m-h 10m-f,10m-h 10m-f, 10m-h 10m-h # dladm show-linkprop -p speed-duplex net1 LINK PROPERTY PERM VALUE EFFECTIVE DEFAULT POSSIBLE net1 speed-duplex rw 100m-f 100m-f 100m-f, 1g-f,100m-f, 100m-h, 100m-h,10m-f, 10m-f, 10m-h 10m-h For each link, determine if its current speed-duplex settings VALUE field is appropriate for managing any excess bandwidth capacity based on its POSSIBLE settings field; if not, this is a finding.

Fix: F-36453r603071_fix

The Network Management profile is required. Set each link’s speed-duplex protection to an appropriate value based on each configured network interface’s POSSIBLE settings. Determine the OS version you are currently securing: # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec dladm set-linkprop -p en_1000fdx_cap=1 net1 For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec dladm set-linkprop -p speed-duplex=1g-f,100m-f net1

a
The /etc/zones directory, and its contents, must have the vendor default owner, group, and permissions.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216474 - SV-216474r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-100010
Vuln IDs
  • V-216474
  • V-47897
Rule IDs
  • SV-216474r603267_rule
  • SV-60769
Incorrect ownership can result in unauthorized changes or theft of data.
Checks: C-17710r371504_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the ownership of the files and directories. # pkg verify system/zones The command should return no output. If output is produced, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17708r371505_fix

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The Software Installation profile is required. Change the ownership and permissions of the files and directories to the factory default. # pkg fix system/zones

a
The limitpriv zone option must be set to the vendor default or less permissive.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216475 - SV-216475r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-100020
Vuln IDs
  • V-216475
  • V-47895
Rule IDs
  • SV-216475r603267_rule
  • SV-60767
Solaris zones can be assigned privileges generally reserved for the global zone using the "limitpriv" zone option. Any privilege assignments in excess of the vendor defaults may provide the ability for a non-global zone to compromise the global zone.
Checks: C-17711r371507_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. List the non-global zones on the system. # zoneadm list -vi | grep -v global From the output list of non-global zones found, determine if any are Kernel zones. # zoneadm list -cv | grep [zonename] | grep solaris-kz Exclude any Kernel zones found from the list of local zones. List the configuration for each zone. # zonecfg -z [zonename] info |grep limitpriv If the output of this command has a setting for limitpriv and it is not: limitpriv: default this is a finding.

Fix: F-17709r371508_fix

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The Zone Security profile is required: Change the "limitpriv" setting to default. # pfexec zonecfg -z [zone] set limitpriv=default

b
The systems physical devices must not be assigned to non-global zones.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216476 - SV-216476r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-100030
Vuln IDs
  • V-216476
  • V-47841
Rule IDs
  • SV-216476r603267_rule
  • SV-60715
Solaris non-global zones can be assigned physical hardware devices. This increases the risk of such a non-global zone having the capability to compromise the global zone.
Checks: C-17712r371510_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. List the non-global zones on the system. # zoneadm list -vi | grep -v global List the configuration for each zone. # zonecfg -z [zonename] info | grep dev Check for device lines. If such a line exists and is not approved by security, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17710r371511_fix

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The Zone Security profile is required: Remove all device assignments from the non-global zone. # pfexec zonecfg -z [zone] delete device [device]

a
The audit system must identify in which zone an event occurred.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216477 - SV-216477r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-100040
Vuln IDs
  • V-216477
  • V-47839
Rule IDs
  • SV-216477r603267_rule
  • SV-60713
Tracking the specific Solaris zones in the audit trail reduces the time required to determine the cause of a security event.
Checks: C-17713r371513_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. List the non-global zones on the system. # zoneadm list -vi | grep -v global The Audit Configuration profile is required. Determine whether the "zonename" auditing policy is in effect. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep zonename If no output is returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17711r371514_fix

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. List the non-global zones on the system. # zoneadm list -vi | grep -v global The Audit Configuration profile is required. Enable the "zonename" auditing policy. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +zonename

a
The audit system must maintain a central audit trail for all zones.
CM-6 - Low - CCI-000366 - V-216478 - SV-216478r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Low
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-100050
Vuln IDs
  • V-216478
  • V-47837
Rule IDs
  • SV-216478r603267_rule
  • SV-60711
Centralized auditing simplifies the investigative process to determine the cause of a security event.
Checks: C-17714r371516_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. List the non-global zones on the system. # zoneadm list -vi | grep -v global The Audit Configuration profile is required. Determine whether the "perzone" auditing policy is in effect. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep perzone If output is returned, this is a finding.

Fix: F-17712r371517_fix

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. List the non-global zones on the system. # zoneadm list -vi | grep -v global The Audit Configuration profile is required. Disable the "perzone" auditing policy. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy -perzone

b
The operating system must monitor for unauthorized connections of mobile devices to organizational information systems.
CM-6 - Medium - CCI-000366 - V-216479 - SV-216479r603267_rule
RMF Control
CM-6
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000366
Version
SOL-11.1-120410
Vuln IDs
  • V-216479
  • V-49635
Rule IDs
  • SV-216479r603267_rule
  • SV-62559
Mobile devices include portable storage media (e.g., USB memory sticks, external hard disk drives) and portable computing and communications devices with information storage capability (e.g., notebook/laptop computers, personal digital assistants, cellular telephones, digital cameras, audio recording devices). Organization-controlled mobile devices include those devices for which the organization has the authority to specify and the ability to enforce specific security requirements. Usage restrictions and implementation guidance related to mobile devices include configuration management, device identification and authentication, implementation of mandatory protective software (e.g., malicious code detection, firewall), scanning devices for malicious code, updating virus protection software, scanning for critical software updates and patches, conducting primary operating system (and possibly other resident software) integrity checks, and disabling unnecessary hardware (e.g., wireless, infrared). In order to detect unauthorized mobile device connections, organizations must first identify and document what mobile devices are authorized.
Checks: C-17715r371519_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global" this check applies. Determine if USB mass storage devices are locked out by the kernel. # grep -h "exclude: scsa2usb" /etc/system /etc/system.d/* If the output of this command is not: exclude: scsa2usb this is a finding.

Fix: F-17713r371520_fix

The root role is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global" this check applies. Modify the /etc/system file. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v For Solaris 11GA and 11.1 # pfedit /etc/system Add a line containing: exclude: scsa2usb Note that the global zone will need to be rebooted for this change to take effect. For Solaris 11.2 or newer Modify an /etc/system.d file. # pfedit /etc/system.d/USB:MassStorage Add a line containing: exclude: scsa2usb Note that the global zone will need to be rebooted for this change to take effect.

b
The audit system must support an audit reduction capability.
AU-7 - Medium - CCI-001877 - V-219959 - SV-219959r854526_rule
RMF Control
AU-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001877
Version
SOL-11.1-010060
Vuln IDs
  • V-219959
  • V-47783
Rule IDs
  • SV-219959r854526_rule
  • SV-60659
Using the audit system will utilize the audit reduction capability. Without an audit reduction capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-21669r370829_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-21668r370830_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The audit system records must be able to be used by a report generation capability.
AU-7 - Medium - CCI-001880 - V-219960 - SV-219960r854527_rule
RMF Control
AU-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001880
Version
SOL-11.1-010070
Vuln IDs
  • V-219960
  • V-47785
Rule IDs
  • SV-219960r854527_rule
  • SV-60661
Enabling the audit system will produce records for use in report generation. Without an audit reporting capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-21670r370832_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-21669r370833_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The audit records must provide data for all auditable events defined at the organizational level for the organization-defined information system components.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000169 - V-219961 - SV-219961r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000169
Version
SOL-11.1-010100
Vuln IDs
  • V-219961
  • V-47789
Rule IDs
  • SV-219961r603267_rule
  • SV-60665
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account. Without accurate time stamps, source, user, and activity information, malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked. Without an audit reduction and reporting capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-21671r370838_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-21670r370839_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The operating system must support the capability to compile audit records from multiple components within the system into a system-wide (logical or physical) audit trail that is time-correlated to within organization-defined level of tolerance.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000169 - V-219962 - SV-219962r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000169
Version
SOL-11.1-010130
Vuln IDs
  • V-219962
  • V-47793
Rule IDs
  • SV-219962r603267_rule
  • SV-60669
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account. Without accurate time stamps, source, user, and activity information, malicious activity cannot be accurately tracked. Without an audit reduction and reporting capability, users find it difficult to identify specific patterns of attack.
Checks: C-21672r370844_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getcond If this command does not report: audit condition = auditing this is a finding.

Fix: F-21671r370845_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. If auditing has been disabled, it must be enabled with the following command: # pfexec audit -s

b
The audit system must be configured to audit all discretionary access control permission modifications.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000169 - V-219963 - SV-219963r603267_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000169
Version
SOL-11.1-010320
Vuln IDs
  • V-219963
  • V-47821
Rule IDs
  • SV-219963r603267_rule
  • SV-60697
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-21673r370886_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. Check that the audit flag for auditing file access is enabled. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version you are currently securing. # uname –v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "fm" audit flag is not included in output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "fm" audit flag is not included in output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21672r370887_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The audit system must be configured to audit the loading and unloading of dynamic kernel modules.
AU-12 - Medium - CCI-000169 - V-219964 - SV-219964r916447_rule
RMF Control
AU-12
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000169
Version
SOL-11.1-010330
Vuln IDs
  • V-219964
  • V-47823
Rule IDs
  • SV-219964r916447_rule
  • SV-60699
Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked, and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.
Checks: C-21674r916446_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine the OS version currently being secured. # uname -v For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -getflags | grep active | cut -f2 -d= If "as" audit flag is not included in the output, this is a finding. For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -t -getflags | cut -f2 -d= If "cusa,fm,fd,-fa,-ps,-ex" audit flags are not included in the output, this is a finding. Determine if auditing policy is set to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -getpolicy | grep active | grep argv If the active audit policies line does not appear, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21673r877437_fix

The Audit Configuration profile is required. All audit flags must be enabled in a single command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone currently being secured. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. For Solaris 11, 11.1, 11.2, and 11.3: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-ps,fd,-fa,fm For Solaris 11.4 or newer: # pfexec auditconfig -setflags cusa,-fa,-ex,-ps,fd,fm Enable the audit policy to collect command line arguments. # pfexec auditconfig -setpolicy +argv These changes will not affect users that are currently logged in.

b
The audit system must alert the SA when the audit storage volume approaches its capacity.
AU-5 - Medium - CCI-001855 - V-219965 - SV-219965r854528_rule
RMF Control
AU-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001855
Version
SOL-11.1-010370
Vuln IDs
  • V-219965
  • V-47835
Rule IDs
  • SV-219965r854528_rule
  • SV-60709
Filling the audit storage area can result in a denial of service or system outage and can lead to events going undetected.
Checks: C-21675r370901_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The root role is required. Verify the presence of an audit_warn entry in /etc/mail/aliases. # /usr/lib/sendmail -bv audit_warn If the response is: audit_warn... User unknown this is a finding. Review the output of the command and verify that the audit_warn alias notifies the appropriate users in this form: audit_warn:user1,user2 If an appropriate user is not listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21674r370902_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Add an audit_warn alias to /etc/mail/aliases that will forward to designated system administrator(s). # pfedit /etc/mail/aliases Insert a line in the form: audit_warn:user1,user2 Put the updated aliases file into service. # newaliases

c
The audit system must alert the System Administrator (SA) if there is any type of audit failure.
AU-5 - High - CCI-001858 - V-219966 - SV-219966r854529_rule
RMF Control
AU-5
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001858
Version
SOL-11.1-010380
Vuln IDs
  • V-219966
  • V-47843
Rule IDs
  • SV-219966r854529_rule
  • SV-60717
Proper alerts to system administrators and Information Assurance (IA) officials of audit failures ensure a timely response to critical system issues.
Checks: C-21676r370904_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The root role is required. Verify the presence of an audit_warn entry in /etc/mail/aliases. # /usr/lib/sendmail -bv audit_warn If the response is: audit_warn... User unknown this is a finding. Review the output of the command and verify that the audit_warn alias notifies the appropriate users in this form: audit_warn:user1,user2 If an appropriate user is not listed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21675r370905_fix

The root role is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Add an audit_warn alias to /etc/mail/aliases that will forward to designated system administrator(s). # pfedit /etc/mail/aliases Insert a line in the form: audit_warn:user1,user2 Put the updated aliases file into service. # newaliases

b
The operating system must allocate audit record storage capacity.
AU-4 - Medium - CCI-001849 - V-219967 - SV-219967r854530_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001849
Version
SOL-11.1-010400
Vuln IDs
  • V-219967
  • V-47857
Rule IDs
  • SV-219967r854530_rule
  • SV-60731
Proper audit storage capacity is crucial to ensuring the ongoing logging of critical events.
Checks: C-21677r370910_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Review the current audit file space limitations # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin audit_binfile Plugin: audit_binfile (active) The output of the command will appear in this form. Attributes: p_dir=/var/audit;p_fsize=4M;p_minfree=2 If p_minfree is not equal to "2" of greater, this is a finding. p_dir defines the current audit file system. Note: By default in Solaris 11.1, /var/audit is a link to /var/share/audit which is mounted on rpool/VARSHARE. Check that zfs compression is enabled for the audit file system. # zfs get compression [poolname/filesystemname] If compression is off, this is a finding. Check that a ZFS quota is enforced for the audit filesystem. # zfs get quota [poolname/filesystemname] If quota is set to "none", this is a finding. Ensure that a reservation of space is enforced on /var/share so that other users do not use up audit space. # zfs get quota,reservation [poolname/filesystemname] If reservation is set to "none", this is a finding.

Fix: F-21676r370911_fix

The Audit Configuration, Audit Control and ZFS File System Management profiles are required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Determine the audit system directory name: # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin audit_binfile Plugin: audit_binfile (active) The output of the command will appear in this form: Attributes: p_dir=/var/audit;p_fsize=4M;p_minfree=1; p_dir defines the current audit file system. Note: By default in Solaris 11.1, /var/audit is a link to /var/share/audit which is mounted on rpool/VARSHARE. Set a minimum percentage of free space on the audit_binfile plugin to 2%. # pfexec auditconfig -setplugin audit_binfile p_minfree=2 Restart the audit system. # pfexec audit -s Enable compression for the audit filesystem. # pfexec zfs set compression=on [poolname/filesystemname] Set a ZFS quota on the default /var/share filesystem for audit records to ensure that the root pool is not filled up with audit logs. # pfexec zfs set quota=XXG [poolname/filesystemname] This commands sets the quota to XX Gigabytes. This value should be based upon organizational requirements. Set a ZFS reservation on the default /var/share filesystem for audit records to ensure that the audit file system is guaranteed a fixed amount of storage. # pfexec zfs set reservation=XXG [poolname/filesystemname] This commands sets the quota to XX Gigabytes. This value should be based upon organizational requirements.

c
The operating system must configure auditing to reduce the likelihood of storage capacity being exceeded.
AU-4 - High - CCI-001849 - V-219968 - SV-219968r854531_rule
RMF Control
AU-4
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001849
Version
SOL-11.1-010410
Vuln IDs
  • V-219968
  • V-49621
Rule IDs
  • SV-219968r854531_rule
  • SV-62545
Overflowing the audit storage area can result in a denial of service or system outage.
Checks: C-21678r370913_chk

The Audit Configuration profile is required. This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Check the status of the audit system. It must be auditing. # pfexec auditconfig -getplugin If the output of this command does not contain: p_fsize=4M this is a finding.

Fix: F-21677r370914_fix

The Audit Control profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Set the size of a binary audit file to a specific size. The size is specified in megabytes. # pfexec auditconfig -setplugin audit_binfile p_fsize=4M Restart the audit system. # pfexec audit -s

b
The system must verify that package updates are digitally signed.
CM-5 - Medium - CCI-001749 - V-219969 - SV-219969r854532_rule
RMF Control
CM-5
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001749
Version
SOL-11.1-020020
Vuln IDs
  • V-219969
  • V-47883
Rule IDs
  • SV-219969r854532_rule
  • SV-60755
Digitally signed packages ensure that the source of the package can be identified.
Checks: C-21679r370931_chk

Determine what the signature policy is for pkg publishers: # pkg property | grep signature-policy Check that output produces: signature-policy verify If the output does not confirm that signature-policy verify is active, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21678r370932_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. Configure the package system to ensure that digital signatures are verified. # pfexec pkg set-property signature-policy verify

b
The operating system must employ automated mechanisms, per organization-defined frequency, to detect the addition of unauthorized components/devices into the operating system.
CM-3 - Medium - CCI-001744 - V-219970 - SV-219970r854533_rule
RMF Control
CM-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001744
Version
SOL-11.1-020190
Vuln IDs
  • V-219970
  • V-47923
Rule IDs
  • SV-219970r854533_rule
  • SV-60795
Addition of unauthorized code or packages may result in data corruption or theft.
Checks: C-21680r370976_chk

The Software Installation Profile is required. Display the installation history of packages on the system to ensure that no undesirable packages have been installed: # pkg history -o finish,user,operation,command |grep install If the install command is listed as "/usr/bin/packagemanager", execute the command: # pkg history -l to determine which packages were installed during package manager sessions. If undocumented or unapproved packages have been installed, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21679r370977_fix

The Software Installation Profile is required. Review and report any unauthorized package installation operations. If necessary, remove unauthorized packages. # pfexec pkg uninstall [package name]

b
The operating system must employ automated mechanisms to prevent program execution in accordance with the organization-defined specifications.
CM-7 - Medium - CCI-001764 - V-219971 - SV-219971r854534_rule
RMF Control
CM-7
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001764
Version
SOL-11.1-020230
Vuln IDs
  • V-219971
  • V-47927
Rule IDs
  • SV-219971r854534_rule
  • SV-60799
Operating systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Execution must be disabled based on organization-defined specifications.
Checks: C-21681r370982_chk

Identify the packages installed on the system. # pkg list Any unauthorized software packages listed in the output are a finding.

Fix: F-21680r370983_fix

The Software Installation profile is required. Identify packages installed on the system: # pkg list uninstall unauthorized packages: # pfexec pkg uninstall [ package name]

b
The operating system must disable information system functionality that provides the capability for automatic execution of code on mobile devices without user direction.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-219972 - SV-219972r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
SOL-11.1-030060
Vuln IDs
  • V-219972
  • V-47939
Rule IDs
  • SV-219972r603267_rule
  • SV-60811
Mobile devices include portable storage media (e.g., USB memory sticks, external hard disk drives) and portable computing and communications devices with information storage capability (e.g., notebook/laptop computers, personal digital assistants, cellular telephones, digital cameras, audio recording devices). Auto execution vulnerabilities can result in malicious programs being automatically executed. Examples of information system functionality providing the capability for automatic execution of code are Auto Run and Auto Play. Auto Run and Auto Play are components of the Microsoft Windows operating system that dictate what actions the system takes when a drive is mounted. This requirement is designed to address vulnerabilities that arise when mobile devices such as USB memory sticks or other mobile storage devices are automatically mounted and applications are automatically invoked without user knowledge or acceptance.
Checks: C-21682r371048_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. Determine if the removable media volume manager is running. # svcs -Ho state svc:/system/filesystem/rmvolmgr:default If the output reports that the service is "online", this is a finding.

Fix: F-21681r371049_fix

The Service Management profile is required. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Disable the rmvolmgr service. # pfexec svcadm disable svc:/system/filesystem/rmvolmgr:default

b
The system must restrict the ability of users to assume excessive privileges to members of a defined group and prevent unauthorized users from accessing administrative tools.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-219973 - SV-219973r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
SOL-11.1-040200
Vuln IDs
  • V-219973
  • V-48055
Rule IDs
  • SV-219973r603267_rule
  • SV-60927
Allowing any user to elevate their privileges can allow them excessive control of the system tools.
Checks: C-21683r371105_chk

Verify the root user is configured as a role, rather than a normal user. # userattr type root If the command does not return the word "role", this is a finding. Verify at least one local user has been assigned the root role. # grep '[:;]roles=root[^;]*' /etc/user_attr If no lines are returned, or no users are permitted to assume the root role, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21682r371106_fix

The root role is required. Convert the root user into a role. # usermod -K type=role root Add the root role to authorized users' logins. # usermod -R +root [username] Remove the root role from users who should not be authorized to assume it. # usermod -R -root [username]

b
The operating system must employ FIPS-validate or NSA-approved cryptography to implement digital signatures.
SC-13 - Medium - CCI-002450 - V-219975 - SV-219975r854535_rule
RMF Control
SC-13
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002450
Version
SOL-11.1-060060
Vuln IDs
  • V-219975
  • V-48183
Rule IDs
  • SV-219975r854535_rule
  • SV-61055
FIPS 140-2 is the current standard for validating cryptographic modules, and NSA Type-X (where X=1, 2, 3, 4) products are NSA-certified hardware based encryption modules.
Checks: C-21685r371297_chk

This check applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this check applies. The Crypto Management profile is required to execute this command. Check to ensure that FIPS-140 encryption mode is enabled. # cryptoadm list fips-140| grep -c "is disabled" If the output of this command is not "0", this is a finding.

Fix: F-21684r371298_fix

The Crypto Management profile is required to execute this command. This action applies to the global zone only. Determine the zone that you are currently securing. # zonename If the command output is "global", this action applies. Enable FIPS-140 mode. # pfexec cryptoadm enable fips-140 Reboot the system as requested.

b
The operating system must protect the integrity of transmitted information.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-001127 - V-219976 - SV-219976r603267_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001127
Version
SOL-11.1-060070
Vuln IDs
  • V-219976
  • V-48179
Rule IDs
  • SV-219976r603267_rule
  • SV-61051
Ensuring the integrity of transmitted information requires the operating system take feasible measures to employ transmission layer security. This requirement applies to communications across internal and external networks.
Checks: C-21686r371300_chk

All remote sessions must be conducted via encrypted services and ports. Ask the operator to document all configured external ports and protocols. If any unencrypted connections are used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21685r371301_fix

All remote sessions must be conducted via SSH and IPsec. Ensure that SSH and IPsec are the only protocols used.

b
The operating system must employ cryptographic mechanisms to recognize changes to information during transmission unless otherwise protected by alternative physical measures.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002421 - V-219977 - SV-219977r877040_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002421
Version
SOL-11.1-060080
Vuln IDs
  • V-219977
  • V-48175
Rule IDs
  • SV-219977r877040_rule
  • SV-61047
Ensuring that transmitted information is not altered during transmission requires the operating system take feasible measures to employ transmission layer security. This requirement applies to communications across internal and external networks.
Checks: C-21687r371303_chk

All remote sessions must be conducted via encrypted services and ports. Ask the operator to document all configured external ports and protocols. If any unencrypted connections are used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21686r371304_fix

All remote sessions must be conducted via SSH and IPsec. Ensure that SSH and IPsec are the only protocols used.

b
The operating system must maintain the integrity of information during aggregation, packaging, and transformation in preparation for transmission.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002420 - V-219978 - SV-219978r854537_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002420
Version
SOL-11.1-060090
Vuln IDs
  • V-219978
  • V-48171
Rule IDs
  • SV-219978r854537_rule
  • SV-61043
Ensuring the integrity of transmitted information requires the operating system take feasible measures to employ transmission layer security. This requirement applies to communications across internal and external networks.
Checks: C-21688r371306_chk

All remote sessions must be conducted via encrypted services and ports. Ask the operator to document all configured external ports and protocols. If any unencrypted connections are used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21687r371307_fix

All remote sessions must be conducted via SSH and IPsec. Ensure that SSH and IPsec are the only protocols used.

b
The operating system must protect the confidentiality of transmitted information.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002418 - V-219979 - SV-219979r854538_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002418
Version
SOL-11.1-060100
Vuln IDs
  • V-219979
  • V-48167
Rule IDs
  • SV-219979r854538_rule
  • SV-61039
Ensuring the confidentiality of transmitted information requires the operating system take feasible measures to employ transmission layer security. This requirement applies to communications across internal and external networks.
Checks: C-21689r371309_chk

All remote sessions must be conducted via encrypted services and ports. Ask the operator to document all configured external ports and protocols. If any unencrypted connections are used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21688r371310_fix

All remote sessions must be conducted via SSH and IPsec. Ensure that SSH and IPsec are the only protocols used.

b
The operating system must employ cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized disclosure of information during transmission unless otherwise protected by alternative physical measures.
SC-8 - Medium - CCI-002421 - V-219980 - SV-219980r877040_rule
RMF Control
SC-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-002421
Version
SOL-11.1-060110
Vuln IDs
  • V-219980
  • V-48163
Rule IDs
  • SV-219980r877040_rule
  • SV-61035
Ensuring that transmitted information does not become disclosed to unauthorized entities requires the operating system take feasible measures to employ transmission layer security. This requirement applies to communications across internal and external networks.
Checks: C-21690r371312_chk

All remote sessions must be conducted via encrypted services and ports. Ask the operator to document all configured external ports and protocols. If any unencrypted connections are used, this is a finding.

Fix: F-21689r371313_fix

All remote sessions must be conducted via SSH and IPsec. Ensure that SSH and IPsec are the only protocols used.

b