Microsoft Defender Antivirus Security Technical Implementation Guide

  • Version/Release: V2R4
  • Published: 2022-04-08
  • Expand All:
  • Severity:
  • Sort:
Compare

Select any two versions of this STIG to compare the individual requirements

View

Select any old version/release of this STIG to view the previous requirements

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: [email protected].
c
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to block the Potentially Unwanted Application (PUA) feature.
SI-3 - High - CCI-001243 - V-213426 - SV-213426r823024_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001243
Version
WNDF-AV-000001
Vuln IDs
  • V-213426
  • V-75147
Rule IDs
  • SV-213426r823024_rule
  • SV-89827
After enabling this feature, PUA protection blocking takes effect on endpoint clients after the next signature update or computer restart. Signature updates take place daily under typical circumstances. PUA will be blocked and automatically quarantined.
Checks: C-14651r820126_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> "Configure detection for potentially unwanted applications" is set to "Enabled" and "Block". Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender If the value "PUAProtection" does not exist, this is a finding. If the value "PUAProtection" is REG_DWORD = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14649r823023_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> "Configure Detection for Potentially Unwanted Applications" to "Enabled" and "Block".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to automatically take action on all detected tasks.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001243 - V-213427 - SV-213427r823026_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001243
Version
WNDF-AV-000003
Vuln IDs
  • V-213427
  • V-75151
Rule IDs
  • SV-213427r823026_rule
  • SV-89831
This policy setting allows Microsoft Defender configuration to automatically take action on all detected threats. The action to be taken on a particular threat is determined by the combination of the policy-defined action user-defined action and the signature-defined action. If this policy setting is enabled, Microsoft Defender does not automatically take action on the detected threats but prompts users to choose from the actions available for each threat. If this policy setting is disabled or not configured, Microsoft Defender automatically takes action on all detected threats after a nonconfigurable delay of approximately five seconds.
Checks: C-14652r820128_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> "Turn off routine remediation" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender Criteria: If the value "DisableRoutinelyTakingAction" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14650r823025_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> "Turn off routine remediation" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

c
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to run and scan for malware and other potentially unwanted software.
SI-3 - High - CCI-001242 - V-213428 - SV-213428r823028_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000004
Vuln IDs
  • V-213428
  • V-75153
Rule IDs
  • SV-213428r823028_rule
  • SV-89833
This policy setting turns off Microsoft Defender Antivirus. If this policy setting is enabled, Microsoft Defender Antivirus does not run and computers are not scanned for malware or other potentially unwanted software. When the setting is disabled and a third-party antivirus solution is installed, the two applications can both simultaneously try to protect the system. The two AV solutions both attempt to quarantine the same threat and will fight for access to delete the file. Users will see conflicts and the system may lock up until the two solutions finish processing. When the setting is not configured and a third-party antivirus solution is installed, both applications coexist on the system without conflicts. Defender Antivirus will automatically disable itself and will enable if the third-party solution stops functioning. When the setting is not configured and Defender Antivirus is the only AV solution, Defender AV will run (default state) and receive definition updates. An administrator account is needed to turn off the service. A standard user cannot disable the service.
Checks: C-14653r820131_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> "Turn off Windows Defender Antivirus" is set to “Not Configured”. For Windows 10: Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender Criteria: If the value "DisableAntiSpyware" does not exist, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14651r823027_fix

For Windows 10: Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus "Turn off Microsoft Defender Antivirus" to "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to not exclude files for scanning.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213429 - SV-213429r823030_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000005
Vuln IDs
  • V-213429
  • V-75155
Rule IDs
  • SV-213429r823030_rule
  • SV-89835
This policy setting allows disabling of scheduled and real-time scanning for files under the paths specified or for the fully qualified resources specified. Paths should be added under the Options for this setting. Each entry must be listed as a name value pair where the name should be a string representation of a path or a fully qualified resource name. As an example, a path might be defined as: "c:\Windows" to exclude all files in this directory. A fully qualified resource name might be defined as: "C:\Windows\App.exe". The value is not used and it is recommended that this be set to 0. Exceptions can be made to allow file/folders that are impacting enterprise applications to be excluded from being scanned. All exclusions should be documented and approved.
Checks: C-14654r820134_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Exclusions >> "Path Exclusions" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Exclusions Criteria: If the value "Exclusions_Paths" does not exist, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14652r823029_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Exclusions >> "Path Exclusions" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to not exclude files opened by specified processes.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213430 - SV-213430r823032_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000006
Vuln IDs
  • V-213430
  • V-75157
Rule IDs
  • SV-213430r823032_rule
  • SV-89837
This policy setting allows the disabling of scheduled and real-time scanning for any file opened by any of the specified processes. The process itself will not be excluded. To exclude the process, use the Path exclusion. Processes should be added under the options for this setting. Each entry must be listed as a name value pair where the name should be a string representation of the path to the process image. Note that only executables can be excluded. For example, a process might be defined as: "c:\windows\app.exe". The value is not used and it is recommended that this be set to 0.
Checks: C-14655r820137_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Exclusions >> "Process Exclusions" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Exclusions Criteria: If the value "Exclusions_Processes" does not exist, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14653r823031_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Exclusions >> "Process Exclusions" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to enable the Automatic Exclusions feature.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213431 - SV-213431r823034_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000007
Vuln IDs
  • V-213431
  • V-75159
Rule IDs
  • SV-213431r823034_rule
  • SV-89839
This setting allows an administrator to specify if Automatic Exclusions feature for Server SKUs should be turned off.
Checks: C-14656r820140_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Exclusions >> "Turn off Auto Exclusions" is set to "Disabled". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Exclusions Criteria: If the value "DisableAutoExclusions" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14654r823033_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Exclusions >> "Turn off Auto Exclusions" to "Disabled".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to disable local setting override for reporting to Microsoft MAPS.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213432 - SV-213432r823036_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000008
Vuln IDs
  • V-213432
  • V-75161
Rule IDs
  • SV-213432r823036_rule
  • SV-89841
This policy setting configures a local override for the configuration to join Microsoft MAPS. This setting can only be set by Group Policy. If this setting is enabled, the local preference setting will take priority over Group Policy. If this setting is disabled or not configured, Group Policy will take priority over the local preference setting.
Checks: C-14657r820143_chk

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Configure local setting override for reporting to Microsoft MAPS" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Spynet Criteria: If the value "LocalSettingOverrideSpynetReporting" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14655r823035_fix

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Configure local setting override for reporting to Microsoft MAPS" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to check in real time with MAPS before content is run or accessed.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213433 - SV-213433r823038_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000009
Vuln IDs
  • V-213433
  • V-75163
Rule IDs
  • SV-213433r823038_rule
  • SV-89843
This feature ensures the device checks in real time with the Microsoft Active Protection Service (MAPS) before allowing certain content to be run or accessed. If this feature is disabled, the check will not occur, which will lower the protection state of the device. Enabled - The Block at First Sight setting is turned on. Disabled - The Block at First Sight setting is turned off. This feature requires these Group Policy settings to be set as follows: MAPS >> The "Join Microsoft MAPS" must be enabled or the "Block at First Sight" feature will not function. MAPS >> The "Send file samples when further analysis is required" should be set to 1 (Send safe samples) or 3 (Send all samples). Setting to 0 (Always Prompt) will lower the protection state of the device. Setting to 2 (Never send) means the "Block at First Sight" feature will not function. Real-time Protection >> The "Scan all downloaded files and attachments" policy must be enabled or the "Block at First Sight" feature will not function. Real-time Protection >> Do not enable the "Turn off real-time protection" policy or the "Block at First Sight" feature will not function.
Checks: C-14658r820146_chk

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Configure the 'Block at First Sight' feature" is set to "Enabled". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Spynet Criteria: If the value "DisableBlockAtFirstSeen" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14656r823037_fix

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Configure the 'Block at First Sight' feature" to "Enabled".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to join Microsoft MAPS.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213434 - SV-213434r823040_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000010
Vuln IDs
  • V-213434
  • V-75167
Rule IDs
  • SV-213434r823040_rule
  • SV-89847
This policy setting allows joining Microsoft MAPS. Microsoft MAPS is the online community that helps in choosing how to respond to potential threats. The community also helps stop the spread of new malicious software infections. You can choose to send basic or additional information about detected software. Additional information helps Microsoft create new definitions and protect your computer. This information can include things like location of detected items on your computer if harmful software was removed. The information will be automatically collected and sent. In some instances personal information might unintentionally be sent to Microsoft. However Microsoft will not use this information to identify you or contact you. Possible options are: (0x0) Disabled (default) (0x1) Basic membership (0x2) Advanced membership Basic membership will send basic information to Microsoft about software that has been detected, including where the software came from, the actions that you apply or that are applied automatically, and whether the actions were successful. Advanced membership will send, in addition to basic information, more information to Microsoft about malicious software spyware and potentially unwanted software, including the location of the software file names, how the software operates, and how it has impacted your computer. If this setting is enabled, you will join Microsoft MAPS with the membership specified. If this setting is disabled or do not configured, you will not join Microsoft MAPS. In Windows 10, Basic membership is no longer available, so setting the value to 1 or 2 enrolls the device into Advanced membership.
Checks: C-14659r820149_chk

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Join Microsoft MAPS" is set to "Enabled" and "Advanced MAPS" is selected from the drop-down box. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Spynet Criteria: If the value "SpynetReporting" is REG_DWORD = 2, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14657r823039_fix

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Join Microsoft MAPS" to "Enabled" and select "Advanced MAPS" from the drop-down box.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to only send safe samples for MAPS telemetry.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213435 - SV-213435r823042_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000011
Vuln IDs
  • V-213435
  • V-75207
Rule IDs
  • SV-213435r823042_rule
  • SV-89887
This policy setting configures behavior of samples submission when opt-in for MAPS telemetry is set. Possible options are: (0x0) Always prompt (0x1) Send safe samples automatically (0x2) Never send (0x3) Send all samples automatically
Checks: C-14660r820152_chk

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Send file samples when further analysis is required" is set to "Enabled" and "Send safe samples" is selected from the drop-down box. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Spynet Criteria: If the value "SubmitSamplesConsent" is REG_DWORD = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14658r823041_fix

This is applicable to unclassified systems. For other systems this is NA. Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> MAPS >> "Send file samples when further analysis is required" to "Enabled" and select "Send safe samples" from the drop-down box.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured for protocol recognition for network protection.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213436 - SV-213436r823044_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000012
Vuln IDs
  • V-213436
  • V-75209
Rule IDs
  • SV-213436r823044_rule
  • SV-89889
This policy setting allows the configuration of protocol recognition for network protection against exploits of known vulnerabilities. If this setting is enabled or not configured, protocol recognition will be enabled. If this setting is disabled, protocol recognition will be disabled.
Checks: C-14661r820155_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Network Inspection System >> "Turn on protocol recognition" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\NIS Criteria: If the value "DisableProtocolRecognition" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14659r823043_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Network Inspection System >> "Turn on protocol recognition" to "Enabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to not allow local override of monitoring for file and program activity.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001695 - V-213437 - SV-213437r823046_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001695
Version
WNDF-AV-000013
Vuln IDs
  • V-213437
  • V-75211
Rule IDs
  • SV-213437r823046_rule
  • SV-89891
This policy setting configures a local override for the configuration of monitoring for file and program activity on your computer. This setting can only be set by Group Policy. If this setting is enabled, the local preference setting will take priority over Group Policy. If this setting is disabled or not configured, Group Policy will take priority over the local preference setting.
Checks: C-14662r820158_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for monitoring file and program activity on your computer" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "LocalSettingOverrideDisableOnAccessProtection" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14660r823045_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for monitoring file and program activity on your computer" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to not allow override of monitoring for incoming and outgoing file activity.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001695 - V-213438 - SV-213438r823048_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001695
Version
WNDF-AV-000014
Vuln IDs
  • V-213438
  • V-75213
Rule IDs
  • SV-213438r823048_rule
  • SV-89893
This policy setting configures a local override for the configuration of monitoring for incoming and outgoing file activity. This setting can only be set by Group Policy. If this setting is enabled, the local preference setting will take priority over Group Policy. If this setting is disabled or not configured, Group Policy will take priority over the local preference setting.
Checks: C-14663r820161_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for monitoring for incoming and outgoing file activity" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "LocalSettingOverrideRealtimeScanDirection" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14661r823047_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for monitoring for incoming and outgoing file activity" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to not allow override of scanning for downloaded files and attachments.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001169 - V-213439 - SV-213439r823050_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001169
Version
WNDF-AV-000015
Vuln IDs
  • V-213439
  • V-75215
Rule IDs
  • SV-213439r823050_rule
  • SV-89895
This policy setting configures a local override for the configuration of scanning for all downloaded files and attachments. This setting can only be set by Group Policy. If this setting is enabled, the local preference setting will take priority over Group Policy. If this setting is disabled or not configured, Group Policy will take priority over the local preference setting.
Checks: C-14664r820164_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for scanning all downloaded files and attachments" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "LocalSettingOverrideDisableIOAVProtection" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14662r823049_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for scanning all downloaded files and attachments" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to not allow override of behavior monitoring.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213440 - SV-213440r823052_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000016
Vuln IDs
  • V-213440
  • V-75217
Rule IDs
  • SV-213440r823052_rule
  • SV-89897
This policy setting configures a local override for the configuration of behavior monitoring. This setting can only be set by Group Policy. If this setting is enabled, the local preference setting will take priority over Group Policy. If this setting is disabled or not configured, Group Policy will take priority over the local preference setting.
Checks: C-14665r820167_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for turn on behavior monitoring" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "LocalSettingOverrideDisableBehaviorMonitoring" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14663r823051_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override for turn on behavior monitoring" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV Group Policy settings must take priority over the local preference settings.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213441 - SV-213441r823054_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000017
Vuln IDs
  • V-213441
  • V-75219
Rule IDs
  • SV-213441r823054_rule
  • SV-89899
This policy setting configures a local override for the configuration to turn on real-time protection. This setting can only be set by Group Policy. If this setting is enabled, the local preference setting will take priority over Group Policy. If this setting is disabled or not configured, Group Policy will take priority over the local preference setting.
Checks: C-14666r820170_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override to turn on real-time protection" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "LocalSettingOverrideDisableRealtimeMonitoring" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14664r823053_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure local setting override to turn on real-time protection" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must monitor for incoming and outgoing files.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213442 - SV-213442r823056_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000018
Vuln IDs
  • V-213442
  • V-75221
Rule IDs
  • SV-213442r823056_rule
  • SV-89901
This policy setting allows the configuration of monitoring for incoming and outgoing files without having to turn off monitoring entirely. It is recommended for use on servers that have a lot of incoming and outgoing file activity but for performance reasons need to have scanning disabled for a particular scan direction. The appropriate configuration should be evaluated based on the server role. Note that this configuration is only honored for NTFS volumes. For any other file system type, full monitoring of file and program activity will be present on those volumes. The options for this setting are mutually exclusive: 0 = Scan incoming and outgoing files (default) 1 = Scan incoming files only 2 = Scan outgoing files only Any other value, or if the value does not exist, resolves to the default (0). If this setting is enabled, the specified type of monitoring will be enabled. If this setting is disabled or not configured, monitoring for incoming and outgoing files will be enabled.
Checks: C-14667r820173_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure monitoring for incoming and outgoing file and program activity" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "RealtimeScanDirection" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1 or 2, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14665r823055_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Configure monitoring for incoming and outgoing file and program activity" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to monitor for file and program activity.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213443 - SV-213443r823058_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000019
Vuln IDs
  • V-213443
  • V-75223
Rule IDs
  • SV-213443r823058_rule
  • SV-89903
This policy setting allows configuration of monitoring for file and program activity. If this setting is enabled or not configured, monitoring for file and program activity will be enabled. If this setting is disabled, monitoring for file and program activity will be disabled.
Checks: C-14668r820176_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Monitor file and program activity on your computer to be scanned" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "DisableOnAccessProtection" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14666r823057_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Monitor file and program activity on your computer" to "Enabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to scan all downloaded files and attachments.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001169 - V-213444 - SV-213444r823060_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001169
Version
WNDF-AV-000020
Vuln IDs
  • V-213444
  • V-75225
Rule IDs
  • SV-213444r823060_rule
  • SV-89905
This policy setting allows configuration of scanning for all downloaded files and attachments. If this setting is enabled or not configured, scanning for all downloaded files and attachments will be enabled. If this setting is disabled, scanning for all downloaded files and attachments will be disabled.
Checks: C-14669r820179_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Scan all downloaded files and attachments" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "DisableIOAVProtection" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14667r823059_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Scan all downloaded files and attachments" to "Enabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to always enable real-time protection.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213445 - SV-213445r823062_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000021
Vuln IDs
  • V-213445
  • V-75227
Rule IDs
  • SV-213445r823062_rule
  • SV-89907
This policy setting turns off real-time protection prompts for known malware detection. Microsoft Defender Antivirus alerts when malware or potentially unwanted software attempts to install itself or to run on your computer. If this policy setting is enabled, Microsoft Defender Antivirus will not prompt users to take actions on malware detections. If this policy setting is disabled or not configured, Microsoft Defender Antivirus will prompt users to take actions on malware detections.
Checks: C-14670r820182_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Turn off real-time protection" is set to "Disabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "DisableRealtimeMonitoring" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14668r823061_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Turn off real-time protection" to "Disabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to enable behavior monitoring.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213446 - SV-213446r823063_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000022
Vuln IDs
  • V-213446
  • V-75229
Rule IDs
  • SV-213446r823063_rule
  • SV-89909
This policy setting allows configuration of behavior monitoring. If this setting is enabled or not configured, behavior monitoring will be enabled. If this setting is disabled, behavior monitoring will be disabled.
Checks: C-14671r820185_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Turn on behavior monitoring" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "DisableBehaviorMonitoring" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14669r820186_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Turn on behavior monitoring" to "Enabled " or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to process scanning when real-time protection is enabled.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213447 - SV-213447r823065_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000023
Vuln IDs
  • V-213447
  • V-75231
Rule IDs
  • SV-213447r823065_rule
  • SV-89911
This policy setting allows the configuration of process scanning when real-time protection is turned on. This helps to catch malware, which could start when real-time protection is turned off. If this setting is enabled or not configured, a process scan will be initiated when real-time protection is turned on. If this setting is disabled, a process scan will not be initiated when real-time protection is turned on.
Checks: C-14672r820188_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Turn on process scanning whenever real-time protection is enabled" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "DisableScanOnRealtimeEnable" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14670r823064_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Real-time Protection >> "Turn on process scanning whenever real-time protection is enabled" to "Enabled" or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to scan archive files.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001242 - V-213448 - SV-213448r823067_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001242
Version
WNDF-AV-000024
Vuln IDs
  • V-213448
  • V-75233
Rule IDs
  • SV-213448r823067_rule
  • SV-89913
This policy setting allows the configuration of scans for malicious software and unwanted software in archive files such as .ZIP or .CAB files. If this setting is enabled or not configured, archive files will be scanned. If this setting is disabled, archive files will not be scanned.
Checks: C-14673r820191_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Scan archive files" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Scan Criteria: If the value "DisableArchiveScanning" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix: F-14671r823066_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Scan archive files" to "Enabled " or "Not Configured".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to scan removable drives.
MA-3 - Medium - CCI-000870 - V-213449 - SV-213449r823068_rule
RMF Control
MA-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-000870
Version
WNDF-AV-000025
Vuln IDs
  • V-213449
  • V-75235
Rule IDs
  • SV-213449r823068_rule
  • SV-89915
This policy setting allows the management of whether or not to scan for malicious software and unwanted software in the contents of removable drives such as USB flash drives when running a full scan. If this setting is enabled, removable drives will be scanned during any type of scan. If this setting is disabled or not configured, removable drives will not be scanned during a full scan. Removable drives may still be scanned during quick scan and custom scan.
Checks: C-14674r820194_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Scan removable drives" is set to "Enabled". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Scan Criteria: If the value "DisableRemovableDriveScanning" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14672r820195_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Scan removable drives" to "Enabled".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to perform a weekly scheduled scan.
SI-3 - Medium - CCI-001241 - V-213450 - SV-213450r823070_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001241
Version
WNDF-AV-000026
Vuln IDs
  • V-213450
  • V-75237
Rule IDs
  • SV-213450r823070_rule
  • SV-89917
This policy setting allows specifying the day of the week on which to perform a scheduled scan. The scan can also be configured to run every day or to never run at all. This setting can be configured with the following ordinal number values: (0x0) Every Day (0x1) Sunday (0x2) Monday (0x3) Tuesday (0x4) Wednesday (0x5) Thursday (0x6) Friday (0x7) Saturday (0x8) Never (default) If this setting is enabled, a scheduled scan will run at the frequency specified. If this setting is disabled or not configured, a scheduled scan will run at a default frequency.
Checks: C-14675r820197_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Specify the day of the week to run a scheduled scan" is set to "Enabled" and anything other than "Never" is selected in the drop-down box. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Scan Criteria: If the value "ScheduleDay" is REG_DWORD = 0x8, this is a finding. Values of 0x0 through 0x7 are acceptable and not a finding.

Fix: F-14673r823069_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Specify the day of the week to run a scheduled scan" to "Enabled " and select anything other than "Never" in the drop-down box.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to turn on e-mail scanning.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213451 - SV-213451r823072_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000027
Vuln IDs
  • V-213451
  • V-75239
Rule IDs
  • SV-213451r823072_rule
  • SV-89919
This policy setting allows the configuration of e-mail scanning. When e-mail scanning is enabled, the engine will parse the mailbox and mail files according to their specific format in order to analyze the mail bodies and attachments. Several e-mail formats are currently supported, for example: pst (Outlook), dbx mbx mime (Outlook Express), binhex (Mac). If this setting is enabled, e-mail scanning will be enabled. If this setting is disabled or not configured, e-mail scanning will be disabled.
Checks: C-14676r820200_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Turn on e-mail scanning" is set to "Enabled". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Scan Criteria: If the value "DisableEmailScanning" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14674r823071_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Scan >> "Turn on e-mail scanning" to "Enabled".

c
Microsoft Defender AV spyware definition age must not exceed 7 days.
SI-3 - High - CCI-001240 - V-213452 - SV-213452r823073_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001240
Version
WNDF-AV-000028
Vuln IDs
  • V-213452
  • V-75241
Rule IDs
  • SV-213452r823073_rule
  • SV-89921
This policy setting allows defining the number of days that must pass before spyware definitions are considered out of date. If definitions are determined to be out of date, this state may trigger several additional actions, including falling back to an alternative update source or displaying a warning icon in the user interface. By default this value is set to 14 days. If this setting is enabled, spyware definitions will be considered out of date after the number of days specified have passed without an update. If this setting is disabled or not configured, spyware definitions will be considered out of date after the default number of days have passed without an update.
Checks: C-14677r820203_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Security Intelligence Updates >> "Define the number of days before spyware security intelligence considered out of date" is set to "Enabled" and "7" or less is selected in the drop-down box (excluding "0", which is unacceptable). If third-party antispyware is installed and up to date, the Windows Defender AV spyware age requirement will be NA. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Signature Updates Criteria: If the value "ASSignatureDue" is REG_DWORD = 7, this is not a finding. A value of 1 - 6 is also acceptable and not a finding. A value of 0 is a finding. A value higher than 7 is a finding.

Fix: F-14675r820204_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Windows Defender Antivirus >> Signature Updates >> "Define the number of days before spyware definitions are considered out of date" to "Enabled" and select "7" or less in the drop-down box. Do not select a value of 0. This disables the option.

c
Microsoft Defender AV virus definition age must not exceed 7 days.
SI-3 - High - CCI-001240 - V-213453 - SV-213453r823075_rule
RMF Control
SI-3
Severity
High
CCI
CCI-001240
Version
WNDF-AV-000029
Vuln IDs
  • V-213453
  • V-75243
Rule IDs
  • SV-213453r823075_rule
  • SV-89923
This policy setting allows defining the number of days that must pass before virus definitions are considered out of date. If definitions are determined to be out of date, this state may trigger several additional actions, including falling back to an alternative update source or displaying a warning icon in the user interface. By default, this value is set to 14 days. If this setting is enabled, virus definitions will be considered out of date after the number of days specified have passed without an update. If this setting is disabled or not configured, virus definitions will be considered out of date after the default number of days have passed without an update.
Checks: C-14678r820206_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >>Security Intelligence Updates >> "Define the number of days before virus security intelligence considered out of date" is set to "Enabled" and "7" or less is selected in the drop-down box (excluding "0", which is unacceptable). If third-party antivirus protection is installed and up to date, the Windows Defender Antivirus age requirement is NA. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Signature Updates Criteria: If the value "AVSignatureDue" is REG_DWORD = 7, this is not a finding. A value of 1 - 6 is also acceptable and not a finding. A value of 0 is a finding. A value higher than 7 is a finding.

Fix: F-14676r823074_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Signature Updates >> "Define the number of days before virus definitions are considered out of date" to "Enabled" and select "7" or less in the drop-down box. Do not select a value of 0. This disables the option.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to check for definition updates daily.
SI-8 - Medium - CCI-001308 - V-213454 - SV-213454r823077_rule
RMF Control
SI-8
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001308
Version
WNDF-AV-000030
Vuln IDs
  • V-213454
  • V-75245
Rule IDs
  • SV-213454r823077_rule
  • SV-89925
This policy setting allows specifying the day of the week on which to check for definition updates. The check can also be configured to run every day or to never run at all. This setting can be configured with the following ordinal number values: (0x0) Every Day (default) (0x1) Sunday (0x2) Monday (0x3) Tuesday (0x4) Wednesday (0x5) Thursday (0x6) Friday (0x7) Saturday (0x8) Never If this setting is enabled, the check for definition updates will occur at the frequency specified. If this setting is disabled or not configured, the check for definition updates will occur at a default frequency.
Checks: C-14679r820209_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Security Intelligence Updates >> "Specify the day of the week to check for security intelligence updates" is set to "Enabled" and "Every Day" is selected in the drop-down box. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Signature Updates Criteria: If the value "ScheduleDay" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14677r823076_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Signature Updates >> "Specify the day of the week to check for definition updates" to "Enabled" and select "Every Day" in the drop-down box.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured for automatic remediation action to be taken for threat alert level Severe.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001662 - V-213455 - SV-213455r823079_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001662
Version
WNDF-AV-000031
Vuln IDs
  • V-213455
  • V-75247
Rule IDs
  • SV-213455r823079_rule
  • SV-89927
This policy setting allows the customization of which automatic remediation action will be taken for each threat alert level. Threat alert levels should be added under the Options for this setting. Each entry must be listed as a name value pair. The name defines a threat alert level. The value contains the action ID for the remediation action that should be taken. Valid threat alert levels are: 1 = Low 2 = Medium 4 = High 5 = Severe Valid remediation action values are: 2 = Quarantine 3 = Remove 6 = Ignore
Checks: C-14680r820212_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" is set to "Enabled". Click the “Show…” box option and verify the "Value name" field contains a value of "5" and the "Value" field contains "2". A value of "3" in the "Value" field is more restrictive and also an acceptable value. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Threats\ThreatSeverityDefaultAction Criteria: If the value "5" is REG_SZ = 2 (or 3), this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14678r823078_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" to "Enabled". Select the "Show…" option box and enter "5" in the "Value name" field and enter "2" in the "Value" field.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to block executable content from email client and webmail.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213456 - SV-213456r823081_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000032
Vuln IDs
  • V-213456
  • V-77965
Rule IDs
  • SV-213456r823081_rule
  • SV-92661
This rule blocks the following file types from being run or launched from an email seen in either Microsoft Outlook or webmail (such as Gmail.com or Outlook.com): Executable files (such as .exe, .dll, or .scr) Script files (such as a PowerShell .ps, VisualBasic .vbs, or JavaScript .js file) Script archive files
Checks: C-14681r820215_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled”. Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: BE9BA2D9-53EA-4CDC-84E5-9B1EEEE46550 Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "BE9BA2D9-53EA-4CDC-84E5-9B1EEEE46550" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14679r823080_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "BE9BA2D9-53EA-4CDC-84E5-9B1EEEE46550" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured block Office applications from creating child processes.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213457 - SV-213457r823083_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000033
Vuln IDs
  • V-213457
  • V-77967
Rule IDs
  • SV-213457r823083_rule
  • SV-92663
Office apps, such as Word or Excel, will not be allowed to create child processes. This is a typical malware behavior, especially for macro-based attacks that attempt to use Office apps to launch or download malicious executables.
Checks: C-14682r820218_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled”. Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: D4F940AB-401B-4EFC-AADC-AD5F3C50688A Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "D4F940AB-401B-4EFC-AADC-AD5F3C50688A" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14680r823082_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "D4F940AB-401B-4EFC-AADC-AD5F3C50688A" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured block Office applications from creating executable content.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213458 - SV-213458r823085_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000034
Vuln IDs
  • V-213458
  • V-77969
Rule IDs
  • SV-213458r823085_rule
  • SV-92665
This rule targets typical behaviors used by suspicious and malicious add-ons and scripts (extensions) that create or launch executable files. This is a typical malware technique. Extensions will be blocked from being used by Office apps. Typically these extensions use the Windows Scripting Host (.wsh files) to run scripts that automate certain tasks or provide user-created add-on features.
Checks: C-14683r820221_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled”. Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: 3B576869-A4EC-4529-8536-B80A7769E899 Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "3B576869-A4EC-4529-8536-B80A7769E899" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14681r823084_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "3B576869-A4EC-4529-8536-B80A7769E899" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to block Office applications from injecting into other processes.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213459 - SV-213459r823087_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000035
Vuln IDs
  • V-213459
  • V-77971
Rule IDs
  • SV-213459r823087_rule
  • SV-92667
Office apps, such as Word, Excel, or PowerPoint, will not be able to inject code into other processes. This is typically used by malware to run malicious code in an attempt to hide the activity from antivirus scanning engines.
Checks: C-14684r820224_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled”. Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: 75668C1F-73B5-4CF0-BB93-3ECF5CB7CC84 Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "75668C1F-73B5-4CF0-BB93-3ECF5CB7CC84" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14682r823086_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "75668C1F-73B5-4CF0-BB93-3ECF5CB7CC84" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to impede JavaScript and VBScript to launch executables.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213460 - SV-213460r823089_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000036
Vuln IDs
  • V-213460
  • V-77973
Rule IDs
  • SV-213460r823089_rule
  • SV-92669
JavaScript and VBScript scripts can be used by malware to launch other malicious apps. This rule prevents these scripts from being allowed to launch apps, thus preventing malicious use of the scripts to spread malware and infect machines.
Checks: C-14685r820227_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: D3E037E1-3EB8-44C8-A917-57927947596D Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "D3E037E1-3EB8-44C8-A917-57927947596D" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14683r823088_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "D3E037E1-3EB8-44C8-A917-57927947596D" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to block execution of potentially obfuscated scripts.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213461 - SV-213461r823091_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000037
Vuln IDs
  • V-213461
  • V-77975
Rule IDs
  • SV-213461r823091_rule
  • SV-92671
Malware and other threats can attempt to obfuscate or hide their malicious code in some script files. This rule prevents scripts that appear to be obfuscated from running. It uses the AntiMalwareScanInterface (AMSI) to determine if a script is potentially obfuscated and then blocks such a script or blocks scripts when an attempt is made to access them.
Checks: C-14686r820230_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled”. Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: 5BEB7EFE-FD9A-4556-801D-275E5FFC04CC Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "5BEB7EFE-FD9A-4556-801D-275E5FFC04CC" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14684r823090_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "5BEB7EFE-FD9A-4556-801D-275E5FFC04CC" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to block Win32 imports from macro code in Office.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213462 - SV-213462r823093_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000038
Vuln IDs
  • V-213462
  • V-77977
Rule IDs
  • SV-213462r823093_rule
  • SV-92673
This rule blocks potentially malicious behavior by not allowing macro code to execute routines in the Win 32 dynamic link library (DLL).
Checks: C-14687r820233_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10. It is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" is set to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Verify the rule ID in the Value name column and the desired state in the Value column is set as follows: Value name: 92E97FA1-2EDF-4476-BDD6-9DD0B4DDDC7B Value: 1 Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\ASR\Rules Criteria: If the value "92E97FA1-2EDF-4476-BDD6-9DD0B4DDDC7B" is REG_SZ = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14685r823092_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Attack Surface Reduction >> "Configure Attack Surface Reduction rules" to "Enabled". Click "Show...". Set the Value name to "92E97FA1-2EDF-4476-BDD6-9DD0B4DDDC7B" and the Value to "1".

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured to prevent user and apps from accessing dangerous websites.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001170 - V-213463 - SV-213463r823095_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001170
Version
WNDF-AV-000039
Vuln IDs
  • V-213463
  • V-77979
Rule IDs
  • SV-213463r823095_rule
  • SV-92675
Enable Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard network protection to prevent employees from using any application to access dangerous domains that may host phishing scams, exploit-hosting sites, and other malicious content on the internet.
Checks: C-14688r820236_chk

This setting is applicable starting with v1709 of Windows 10, it is NA for prior versions. Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Microsoft Defender Exploit Guard >> Network Protection >> "Prevent users and apps from accessing dangerous websites" is set to "Enabled” and "Block" is selected in the drop-down box. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Windows Defender Exploit Guard\Network Protection Criteria: If the value "EnableNetworkProtection" is REG_DWORD = 1, this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14686r823094_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Windows Defender Exploit Guard >> Network Protection >> "Prevent users and apps from accessing dangerous websites" to "Enabled" and select "Block" in the drop-down box.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured for automatic remediation action to be taken for threat alert level High.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001662 - V-213464 - SV-213464r823097_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001662
Version
WNDF-AV-000040
Vuln IDs
  • V-213464
  • V-79965
Rule IDs
  • SV-213464r823097_rule
  • SV-94669
This policy setting allows the customization of which automatic remediation action will be taken for each threat alert level. Threat alert levels should be added under the Options for this setting. Each entry must be listed as a name value pair. The name defines a threat alert level. The value contains the action ID for the remediation action that should be taken. Valid threat alert levels are: 1 = Low 2 = Medium 4 = High 5 = Severe Valid remediation action values are: 2 = Quarantine 3 = Remove 6 = Ignore
Checks: C-14689r820239_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" is set to "Enabled". Click the "Show…" box option and verify the "Value name" field contains a value of "4" and the "Value" field contains a "2". A value of "3" in the "Value" field is more restrictive and also an acceptable value. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Threats\ThreatSeverityDefaultAction Criteria: If the value "4" is REG_SZ = 2 (or 3), this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14687r823096_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" to "Enabled". Select the "Show…" option box and enter "4" in the "Value name" field and enter "2" in the "Value" field.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured for automatic remediation action to be taken for threat alert level Medium.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001662 - V-213465 - SV-213465r823099_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001662
Version
WNDF-AV-000041
Vuln IDs
  • V-213465
  • V-79967
Rule IDs
  • SV-213465r823099_rule
  • SV-94671
This policy setting allows the customization of which automatic remediation action will be taken for each threat alert level. Threat alert levels should be added under the Options for this setting. Each entry must be listed as a name value pair. The name defines a threat alert level. The value contains the action ID for the remediation action that should be taken. Valid threat alert levels are: 1 = Low 2 = Medium 4 = High 5 = Severe Valid remediation action values are: 2 = Quarantine 3 = Remove 6 = Ignore
Checks: C-14690r820242_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" is set to "Enabled". Click the "Show…" box option and verify the "Value name" field contains a value of "2" and the "Value" field contains a "2". A value of "3" in the "Value" field is more restrictive and also an acceptable value. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Threats\ThreatSeverityDefaultAction Criteria: If the value "2" is REG_SZ = 2 (or 3), this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14688r823098_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" to "Enabled". Select the "Show…" option box and enter "2" in the "Value name" field and enter "2" in the "Value" field.

b
Microsoft Defender AV must be configured for automatic remediation action to be taken for threat alert level Low.
SC-18 - Medium - CCI-001662 - V-213466 - SV-213466r823101_rule
RMF Control
SC-18
Severity
Medium
CCI
CCI-001662
Version
WNDF-AV-000042
Vuln IDs
  • V-213466
  • V-79971
Rule IDs
  • SV-213466r823101_rule
  • SV-94675
This policy setting allows the customization of which automatic remediation action will be taken for each threat alert level. Threat alert levels should be added under the Options for this setting. Each entry must be listed as a name value pair. The name defines a threat alert level. The value contains the action ID for the remediation action that should be taken. Valid threat alert levels are: 1 = Low 2 = Medium 4 = High 5 = Severe Valid remediation action values are: 2 = Quarantine 3 = Remove 6 = Ignore
Checks: C-14691r820245_chk

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" is set to "Enabled". Click the "Show…" box option and verify the "Value name" field contains a value of "1" and the "Value" field contains a "2". A value of "3" in the "Value" field is more restrictive and also an acceptable value. Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Threats\ThreatSeverityDefaultAction Criteria: If the value "1" is REG_SZ = 2 (or 3), this is not a finding.

Fix: F-14689r823100_fix

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration >> Administrative Templates >> Windows Components >> Microsoft Defender Antivirus >> Threats >> "Specify threat alert levels at which default action should not be taken when detected" to "Enabled". Select the "Show…" option box and enter "1" in the "Value name" field and enter "2" in the "Value" field.