Windows 10 Security Technical Implementation Guide

U_MS_Windows_10_STIG_V1R17_Manual-xccdf.xml

The Windows 10 Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]
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Version / Release: V1R17

Published: 2019-05-10

Updated At: 2019-07-06 21:57:48

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Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description
SV-77809r3_rule WN10-00-000005 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Domain-joined systems must use Windows 10 Enterprise Edition 64-bit version. Features such as Credential Guard use virtualization based security to protect information that could be used in credential theft attacks if compromised. There are a number of system requirements that must be met in order for Credential Guard to be configured and enabled properly. Virtualization based security and Credential Guard are only available with Windows 10 Enterprise 64-bit version.
SV-77811r1_rule WN10-CC-000310 CCI-001812 MEDIUM Users must be prevented from changing installation options. Installation options for applications are typically controlled by administrators. This setting prevents users from changing installation options that may bypass security features.
SV-77813r4_rule WN10-00-000010 CCI-000366 LOW Domain-joined systems must have a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) enabled and ready for use. Credential Guard uses virtualization based security to protect information that could be used in credential theft attacks if compromised. There are a number of system requirements that must be met in order for Credential Guard to be configured and enabled properly. Without a TPM enabled and ready for use, Credential Guard keys are stored in a less secure method using software.
SV-77815r1_rule WN10-CC-000315 CCI-001812 HIGH The Windows Installer Always install with elevated privileges must be disabled. Standard user accounts must not be granted elevated privileges. Enabling Windows Installer to elevate privileges when installing applications can allow malicious persons and applications to gain full control of a system.
SV-77819r1_rule WN10-CC-000320 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Users must be notified if a web-based program attempts to install software. Web-based programs may attempt to install malicious software on a system. Ensuring users are notified if a web-based program attempts to install software allows them to refuse the installation.
SV-77823r1_rule WN10-CC-000325 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Automatically signing in the last interactive user after a system-initiated restart must be disabled. Windows can be configured to automatically sign the user back in after a Windows Update restart. Some protections are in place to help ensure this is done in a secure fashion; however, disabling this will prevent the caching of credentials for this purpose and also ensure the user is aware of the restart.
SV-77825r1_rule WN10-CC-000330 CCI-000877 HIGH The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) client must not use Basic authentication. Basic authentication uses plain text passwords that could be used to compromise a system.
SV-77827r3_rule WN10-00-000030 CCI-001199 MEDIUM Windows 10 information systems must use BitLocker to encrypt all disks to protect the confidentiality and integrity of all information at rest. If data at rest is unencrypted, it is vulnerable to disclosure. Even if the operating system enforces permissions on data access, an adversary can remove non-volatile memory and read it directly, thereby circumventing operating system controls. Encrypting the data ensures that confidentiality is protected even when the operating system is not running.
SV-77829r1_rule WN10-CC-000335 CCI-002890 MEDIUM The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) client must not allow unencrypted traffic. Unencrypted remote access to a system can allow sensitive information to be compromised. Windows remote management connections must be encrypted to prevent this.
SV-77831r1_rule WN10-CC-000340 CCI-000877 MEDIUM The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) client must not use Digest authentication. Digest authentication is not as strong as other options and may be subject to man-in-the-middle attacks.
SV-77833r2_rule WN10-00-000025 CCI-001233 MEDIUM Windows 10 must employ automated mechanisms to determine the state of system components with regard to flaw remediation using the following frequency: continuously, where HBSS is used; 30 days, for any additional internal network scans not covered by HBSS; and annually, for external scans by Computer Network Defense Service Provider (CNDSP). An approved tool for continuous network scanning must be installed and configured to run. Without the use of automated mechanisms to scan for security flaws on a continuous and/or periodic basis, the operating system or other system components may remain vulnerable to the exploits presented by undetected software flaws. To support this requirement, the operating system may have an integrated solution incorporating continuous scanning using HBSS and periodic scanning using other tools, as specified in the requirement.
SV-77835r3_rule WN10-00-000035 CCI-001774 MEDIUM The operating system must employ a deny-all, permit-by-exception policy to allow the execution of authorized software programs. Utilizing a whitelist provides a configuration management method for allowing the execution of only authorized software. Using only authorized software decreases risk by limiting the number of potential vulnerabilities. The organization must identify authorized software programs and only permit execution of authorized software. The process used to identify software programs that are authorized to execute on organizational information systems is commonly referred to as whitelisting.
SV-77837r1_rule WN10-CC-000345 CCI-000877 HIGH The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service must not use Basic authentication. Basic authentication uses plain text passwords that could be used to compromise a system.
SV-77839r8_rule WN10-00-000040 CCI-000366 HIGH Windows 10 systems must be maintained at a supported servicing level. Windows 10 is maintained by Microsoft at servicing levels for specific periods of time to support Windows as a Service. Systems at unsupported servicing levels or releases will not receive security updates for new vulnerabilities which leaves them subject to exploitation. New versions with feature updates are planned to be released on a semi-annual basis with an estimated support timeframe of 18 to 30 months depending on the release. Support for previously released versions has been extended for Enterprise editions. A separate servicing branch intended for special purpose systems is the Long-Term Servicing Channel (LTSC, formerly Branch - LTSB) which will receive security updates for 10 years but excludes feature updates.
SV-77841r4_rule WN10-00-000045 CCI-000366 HIGH The Windows 10 system must use an anti-virus program. Malicious software can establish a base on individual desktops and servers. Employing an automated mechanism to detect this type of software will aid in elimination of the software from the operating system.
SV-77843r2_rule WN10-00-000050 CCI-000213 HIGH Local volumes must be formatted using NTFS. The ability to set access permissions and auditing is critical to maintaining the security and proper access controls of a system. To support this, volumes must be formatted using the NTFS file system.
SV-77845r1_rule WN10-00-000055 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Alternate operating systems must not be permitted on the same system. Allowing other operating systems to run on a secure system may allow security to be circumvented.
SV-77847r1_rule WN10-00-000060 CCI-001090 MEDIUM Non system-created file shares on a system must limit access to groups that require it. Shares which provide network access, should not typically exist on a workstation except for system-created administrative shares, and could potentially expose sensitive information. If a share is necessary, share permissions, as well as NTFS permissions, must be reconfigured to give the minimum access to those accounts that require it.
SV-77849r1_rule WN10-00-000065 CCI-000795 LOW Unused accounts must be disabled or removed from the system after 35 days of inactivity. Outdated or unused accounts provide penetration points that may go undetected. Inactive accounts must be deleted if no longer necessary or, if still required, disable until needed.
SV-77851r2_rule WN10-00-000070 CCI-002235 HIGH Only accounts responsible for the administration of a system must have Administrator rights on the system. An account that does not have Administrator duties must not have Administrator rights. Such rights would allow the account to bypass or modify required security restrictions on that machine and make it vulnerable to attack. System administrators must log on to systems only using accounts with the minimum level of authority necessary. For domain-joined workstations, the Domain Admins group must be replaced by a domain workstation administrator group (see V-36434 in the Active Directory Domain STIG). Restricting highly privileged accounts from the local Administrators group helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation resulting from credential theft attacks. Standard user accounts must not be members of the local administrators group.
SV-77853r1_rule WN10-00-000075 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Only accounts responsible for the backup operations must be members of the Backup Operators group. Backup Operators are able to read and write to any file in the system, regardless of the rights assigned to it. Backup and restore rights permit users to circumvent the file access restrictions present on NTFS disk drives for backup and restore purposes. Members of the Backup Operators group must have separate logon accounts for performing backup duties.
SV-77855r3_rule WN10-00-000080 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Only authorized user accounts must be allowed to create or run virtual machines on Windows 10 systems. Allowing other operating systems to run on a secure system may allow users to circumvent security. For Hyper-V, preventing unauthorized users from being assigned to the Hyper-V Administrators group will prevent them from accessing or creating virtual machines on the system. The Hyper-V Hypervisor is used by Virtualization Based Security features such as Credential Guard on Windows 10; however, it is not the full Hyper-V installation.
SV-77857r2_rule WN10-00-000085 CCI-000366 LOW Standard local user accounts must not exist on a system in a domain. To minimize potential points of attack, local user accounts, other than built-in accounts and local administrator accounts, must not exist on a workstation in a domain. Users must log onto workstations in a domain with their domain accounts.
SV-77859r1_rule WN10-CC-000350 CCI-002890 MEDIUM The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service must not allow unencrypted traffic. Unencrypted remote access to a system can allow sensitive information to be compromised. Windows remote management connections must be encrypted to prevent this.
SV-77861r1_rule WN10-00-000090 CCI-000199 MEDIUM Accounts must be configured to require password expiration. Passwords that do not expire increase exposure with a greater probability of being discovered or cracked.
SV-77863r2_rule WN10-00-000095 CCI-002165 MEDIUM Permissions for system files and directories must conform to minimum requirements. Changing the system's file and directory permissions allows the possibility of unauthorized and anonymous modification to the operating system and installed applications.
SV-77865r1_rule WN10-CC-000355 CCI-002038 MEDIUM The Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service must not store RunAs credentials. Storage of administrative credentials could allow unauthorized access. Disallowing the storage of RunAs credentials for Windows Remote Management will prevent them from being used with plug-ins.
SV-77867r1_rule WN10-00-000100 CCI-000381 HIGH Internet Information System (IIS) or its subcomponents must not be installed on a workstation. Installation of Internet Information System (IIS) may allow unauthorized internet services to be hosted. Websites must only be hosted on servers that have been designed for that purpose and can be adequately secured.
SV-77871r1_rule WN10-00-000105 CCI-000382 MEDIUM Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) must not be installed on the system. Some protocols and services do not support required security features, such as encrypting passwords or traffic.
SV-77873r1_rule WN10-00-000110 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Simple TCP/IP Services must not be installed on the system. Some protocols and services do not support required security features, such as encrypting passwords or traffic.
SV-77875r1_rule WN10-00-000115 CCI-000382 MEDIUM The Telnet Client must not be installed on the system. Some protocols and services do not support required security features, such as encrypting passwords or traffic.
SV-77879r1_rule WN10-00-000120 CCI-000382 MEDIUM The TFTP Client must not be installed on the system. Some protocols and services do not support required security features, such as encrypting passwords or traffic.
SV-77883r1_rule WN10-00-000130 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Software certificate installation files must be removed from a system. Use of software certificates and their accompanying installation files for end users to access resources is less secure than the use of hardware-based certificates.
SV-77889r1_rule WN10-00-000135 CCI-000366 MEDIUM A host-based firewall must be installed and enabled on the system. A firewall provides a line of defense against attack, allowing or blocking inbound and outbound connections based on a set of rules.
SV-77893r1_rule WN10-00-000140 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Inbound exceptions to the firewall on domain workstations must only allow authorized remote management hosts. Allowing inbound access to domain workstations from other systems may allow lateral movement across systems if credentials are compromised. Limiting inbound connections only from authorized remote management systems will help limit this exposure.
SV-77895r2_rule WN10-AC-000005 CCI-002238 MEDIUM Windows 10 account lockout duration must be configured to 15 minutes or greater. The account lockout feature, when enabled, prevents brute-force password attacks on the system. This parameter specifies the amount of time that an account will remain locked after the specified number of failed logon attempts.
SV-77899r1_rule WN10-AC-000010 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The number of allowed bad logon attempts must be configured to 3 or less. The account lockout feature, when enabled, prevents brute-force password attacks on the system. The higher this value is, the less effective the account lockout feature will be in protecting the local system. The number of bad logon attempts must be reasonably small to minimize the possibility of a successful password attack, while allowing for honest errors made during a normal user logon.
SV-77903r1_rule WN10-AC-000015 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The period of time before the bad logon counter is reset must be configured to 15 minutes. The account lockout feature, when enabled, prevents brute-force password attacks on the system. This parameter specifies the period of time that must pass after failed logon attempts before the counter is reset to 0. The smaller this value is, the less effective the account lockout feature will be in protecting the local system.
SV-77905r2_rule WN10-AC-000020 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The password history must be configured to 24 passwords remembered. A system is more vulnerable to unauthorized access when system users recycle the same password several times without being required to change a password to a unique password on a regularly scheduled basis. This enables users to effectively negate the purpose of mandating periodic password changes. The default value is 24 for Windows domain systems. DoD has decided this is the appropriate value for all Windows systems.
SV-77909r1_rule WN10-AC-000025 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The maximum password age must be configured to 60 days or less. The longer a password is in use, the greater the opportunity for someone to gain unauthorized knowledge of the passwords. Scheduled changing of passwords hinders the ability of unauthorized system users to crack passwords and gain access to a system.
SV-77911r1_rule WN10-AC-000030 CCI-000198 MEDIUM The minimum password age must be configured to at least 1 day. Permitting passwords to be changed in immediate succession within the same day allows users to cycle passwords through their history database. This enables users to effectively negate the purpose of mandating periodic password changes.
SV-77913r1_rule WN10-AC-000035 CCI-000205 MEDIUM Passwords must, at a minimum, be 14 characters. Information systems not protected with strong password schemes (including passwords of minimum length) provide the opportunity for anyone to crack the password, thus gaining access to the system and compromising the device, information, or the local network.
SV-77917r1_rule WN10-AC-000040 CCI-000192 MEDIUM The built-in Microsoft password complexity filter must be enabled. The use of complex passwords increases their strength against guessing and brute-force attacks. This setting configures the system to verify that newly created passwords conform to the Windows password complexity policy.
SV-77919r1_rule WN10-AC-000045 CCI-000196 HIGH Reversible password encryption must be disabled. Storing passwords using reversible encryption is essentially the same as storing clear-text versions of the passwords. For this reason, this policy must never be enabled.
SV-77921r1_rule WN10-AU-000005 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Account Logon - Credential Validation failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Credential validation records events related to validation tests on credentials for a user account logon.
SV-77925r1_rule WN10-AU-000010 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Account Logon - Credential Validation successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Credential validation records events related to validation tests on credentials for a user account logon.
SV-77931r1_rule WN10-AU-000020 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Account Management - Other Account Management Events successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Other Account Management records events such as the access of a password hash or the Password Policy Checking API being called.
SV-77935r1_rule WN10-AU-000030 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Account Management - Security Group Management successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Security Group Management records events such as creating, deleting or changing of security groups, including changes in group members.
SV-77937r1_rule WN10-AU-000035 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Account Management - User Account Management failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. User Account Management records events such as creating, changing, deleting, renaming, disabling, or enabling user accounts.
SV-77939r1_rule WN10-AU-000040 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Account Management - User Account Management successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. User Account Management records events such as creating, changing, deleting, renaming, disabling, or enabling user accounts.
SV-77941r1_rule WN10-AU-000045 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Detailed Tracking - PNP Activity successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Plug and Play activity records events related to the successful connection of external devices.
SV-77943r1_rule WN10-AU-000050 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Detailed Tracking - Process Creation successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Process creation records events related to the creation of a process and the source.
SV-77945r3_rule WN10-AU-000055 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Account Lockout successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Account Lockout events can be used to identify potentially malicious logon attempts.
SV-77947r2_rule WN10-AU-000060 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Group Membership successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Group Membership records information related to the group membership of a user's logon token.
SV-77951r1_rule WN10-AU-000065 CCI-000067 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Logoff successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Logoff records user logoffs. If this is an interactive logoff, it is recorded on the local system. If it is to a network share, it is recorded on the system accessed.
SV-77953r1_rule WN10-AU-000070 CCI-000067 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Logon failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Logon records user logons. If this is an interactive logon, it is recorded on the local system. If it is to a network share, it is recorded on the system accessed.
SV-77957r1_rule WN10-AU-000075 CCI-000067 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Logon successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Logon records user logons. If this is an interactive logon, it is recorded on the local system. If it is to a network share, it is recorded on the system accessed.
SV-77959r1_rule WN10-AU-000080 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Special Logon successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Special Logon records special logons which have administrative privileges and can be used to elevate processes.
SV-77961r2_rule WN10-AU-000085 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Object Access - Removable Storage failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing object access for removable media records events related to access attempts on file system objects on removable storage devices.
SV-77963r2_rule WN10-AU-000090 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Object Access - Removable Storage successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing object access for removable media records events related to access attempts on file system objects on removable storage devices.
SV-77965r2_rule WN10-AU-000095 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Policy Change - Audit Policy Change failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Policy Change records events related to changes in audit policy.
SV-77969r2_rule WN10-AU-000100 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Policy Change - Audit Policy Change successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Policy Change records events related to changes in audit policy.
SV-77971r1_rule WN10-AU-000105 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Policy Change - Authentication Policy Change successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Authentication Policy Change records events related to changes in authentication policy including Kerberos policy and Trust changes.
SV-77973r1_rule WN10-AU-000110 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Privilege Use - Sensitive Privilege Use failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Sensitive Privilege Use records events related to use of sensitive privileges, such as "Act as part of the operating system" or "Debug programs".
SV-77977r1_rule WN10-AU-000115 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Privilege Use - Sensitive Privilege Use successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Sensitive Privilege Use records events related to use of sensitive privileges, such as "Act as part of the operating system" or "Debug programs".
SV-77981r1_rule WN10-AU-000120 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - IPSec Driver failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. IPSec Driver records events related to the IPSec Driver such as dropped packets.
SV-77985r1_rule WN10-AU-000125 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - IPSec Driver successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. IPSec Driver records events related to the IPSec Driver such as dropped packets.
SV-77989r2_rule WN10-AU-000130 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - Other System Events successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Other System Events records information related to cryptographic key operations and the Windows Firewall service.
SV-77993r2_rule WN10-AU-000135 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - Other System Events failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Audit Other System Events records information related to cryptographic key operations and the Windows Firewall service.
SV-77997r1_rule WN10-AU-000140 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - Security State Change successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Security State Change records events related to changes in the security state, such as startup and shutdown of the system.
SV-78003r1_rule WN10-AU-000150 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - Security System Extension successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Security System Extension records events related to extension code being loaded by the security subsystem.
SV-78005r1_rule WN10-AU-000155 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - System Integrity failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. System Integrity records events related to violations of integrity to the security subsystem.
SV-78007r1_rule WN10-AU-000160 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit System - System Integrity successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. System Integrity records events related to violations of integrity to the security subsystem.
SV-78009r1_rule WN10-AU-000500 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The Application event log size must be configured to 32768 KB or greater. Inadequate log size will cause the log to fill up quickly. This may prevent audit events from being recorded properly and require frequent attention by administrative personnel.
SV-78013r2_rule WN10-AU-000505 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The Security event log size must be configured to 1024000 KB or greater. Inadequate log size will cause the log to fill up quickly. This may prevent audit events from being recorded properly and require frequent attention by administrative personnel.
SV-78017r1_rule WN10-AU-000510 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The System event log size must be configured to 32768 KB or greater. Inadequate log size will cause the log to fill up quickly. This may prevent audit events from being recorded properly and require frequent attention by administrative personnel.
SV-78023r1_rule WN10-AU-000515 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Permissions for the Application event log must prevent access by non-privileged accounts. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. The Application event log may be susceptible to tampering if proper permissions are not applied.
SV-78027r1_rule WN10-AU-000520 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Permissions for the Security event log must prevent access by non-privileged accounts. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. The Security event log may disclose sensitive information or be susceptible to tampering if proper permissions are not applied.
SV-78031r1_rule WN10-AU-000525 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Permissions for the System event log must prevent access by non-privileged accounts. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. The System event log may be susceptible to tampering if proper permissions are not applied.
SV-78035r1_rule WN10-CC-000005 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Camera access from the lock screen must be disabled. Enabling camera access from the lock screen could allow for unauthorized use. Requiring logon will ensure the device is only used by authorized personnel.
SV-78039r1_rule WN10-CC-000010 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The display of slide shows on the lock screen must be disabled. Slide shows that are displayed on the lock screen could display sensitive information to unauthorized personnel. Turning off this feature will limit access to the information to a logged on user.
SV-78045r1_rule WN10-CC-000020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM IPv6 source routing must be configured to highest protection. Configuring the system to disable IPv6 source routing protects against spoofing.
SV-78049r1_rule WN10-CC-000025 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured to prevent IP source routing. Configuring the system to disable IP source routing protects against spoofing.
SV-78053r1_rule WN10-CC-000030 CCI-000366 LOW The system must be configured to prevent Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirects from overriding Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) generated routes. Allowing ICMP redirect of routes can lead to traffic not being routed properly. When disabled, this forces ICMP to be routed via shortest path first.
SV-78057r1_rule WN10-CC-000035 CCI-002385 LOW The system must be configured to ignore NetBIOS name release requests except from WINS servers. Configuring the system to ignore name release requests, except from WINS servers, prevents a denial of service (DoS) attack. The DoS consists of sending a NetBIOS name release request to the server for each entry in the server's cache, causing a response delay in the normal operation of the servers WINS resolution capability.
SV-78059r2_rule WN10-CC-000040 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Insecure logons to an SMB server must be disabled. Insecure guest logons allow unauthenticated access to shared folders. Shared resources on a system must require authentication to establish proper access.
SV-78067r1_rule WN10-CC-000050 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Hardened UNC Paths must be defined to require mutual authentication and integrity for at least the \\*\SYSVOL and \\*\NETLOGON shares. Additional security requirements are applied to Universal Naming Convention (UNC) paths specified in Hardened UNC paths before allowing access them. This aids in preventing tampering with or spoofing of connections to these paths.
SV-78069r4_rule WN10-PK-000005 CCI-000185 MEDIUM The DoD Root CA certificates must be installed in the Trusted Root Store. To ensure secure DoD websites and DoD-signed code are properly validated, the system must trust the DoD Root Certificate Authorities (CAs). The DoD root certificates will ensure that the trust chain is established for server certificates issued from the DoD CAs.
SV-78071r2_rule WN10-CC-000055 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Simultaneous connections to the Internet or a Windows domain must be limited. Multiple network connections can provide additional attack vectors to a system and must be limited. The "Minimize the number of simultaneous connections to the Internet or a Windows Domain" setting prevents systems from automatically establishing multiple connections. When both wired and wireless connections are available, for example, the less preferred connection (typically wireless) will be disconnected.
SV-78073r3_rule WN10-PK-000010 CCI-000185 MEDIUM The External Root CA certificates must be installed in the Trusted Root Store on unclassified systems. To ensure secure websites protected with External Certificate Authority (ECA) server certificates are properly validated, the system must trust the ECA Root CAs. The ECA root certificates will ensure the trust chain is established for server certificates issued from the External CAs. This requirement only applies to unclassified systems.
SV-78075r1_rule WN10-CC-000060 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Connections to non-domain networks when connected to a domain authenticated network must be blocked. Multiple network connections can provide additional attack vectors to a system and should be limited. When connected to a domain, communication must go through the domain connection.
SV-78077r5_rule WN10-PK-000015 CCI-000185 MEDIUM The DoD Interoperability Root CA cross-certificates must be installed in the Untrusted Certificates Store on unclassified systems. To ensure users do not experience denial of service when performing certificate-based authentication to DoD websites due to the system chaining to a root other than DoD Root CAs, the DoD Interoperability Root CA cross-certificates must be installed in the Untrusted Certificate Store. This requirement only applies to unclassified systems.
SV-78079r4_rule WN10-PK-000020 CCI-000185 MEDIUM The US DoD CCEB Interoperability Root CA cross-certificates must be installed in the Untrusted Certificates Store on unclassified systems. To ensure users do not experience denial of service when performing certificate-based authentication to DoD websites due to the system chaining to a root other than DoD Root CAs, the US DoD CCEB Interoperability Root CA cross-certificates must be installed in the Untrusted Certificate Store. This requirement only applies to unclassified systems.
SV-78081r2_rule WN10-CC-000065 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Wi-Fi Sense must be disabled. Wi-Fi Sense automatically connects the system to known hotspots and networks that contacts have shared. It also allows the sharing of the system's known networks to contacts. Automatically connecting to hotspots and shared networks can expose a system to unsecured or potentially malicious systems.
SV-78083r2_rule WN10-RG-000005 CCI-002235 MEDIUM Default permissions for the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE registry hive must be maintained. The registry is integral to the function, security, and stability of the Windows system. Changing the system's registry permissions allows the possibility of unauthorized and anonymous modification to the operating system.
SV-78085r5_rule WN10-CC-000070 CCI-000366 LOW Virtualization Based Security must be enabled with the platform security level configured to Secure Boot or Secure Boot with DMA Protection. Virtualization Based Security (VBS) provides the platform for the additional security features, Credential Guard and Virtualization based protection of code integrity. Secure Boot is the minimum security level with DMA protection providing additional memory protection. DMA Protection requires a CPU that supports input/output memory management unit (IOMMU).
SV-78087r2_rule WN10-CC-000037 CCI-001084 MEDIUM Local administrator accounts must have their privileged token filtered to prevent elevated privileges from being used over the network on domain systems. A compromised local administrator account can provide means for an attacker to move laterally between domain systems. With User Account Control enabled, filtering the privileged token for built-in administrator accounts will prevent the elevated privileges of these accounts from being used over the network.
SV-78089r7_rule WN10-CC-000075 CCI-000366 LOW Credential Guard must be running on domain-joined systems. Credential Guard uses virtualization based security to protect information that could be used in credential theft attacks if compromised. This authentication information, which was stored in the Local Security Authority (LSA) in previous versions of Windows, is isolated from the rest of operating system and can only be accessed by privileged system software.
SV-78091r1_rule WN10-SO-000005 CCI-000764 MEDIUM The built-in administrator account must be disabled. The built-in administrator account is a well-known account subject to attack. It also provides no accountability to individual administrators on a system. It must be disabled to prevent its use.
SV-78093r6_rule WN10-CC-000080 CCI-000366 LOW Virtualization-based protection of code integrity must be enabled. Virtualization based protection of code integrity enforces kernel mode memory protections as well as protecting Code Integrity validation paths. This isolates the processes from the rest of the operating system and can only be accessed by privileged system software.
SV-78097r1_rule WN10-CC-000085 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Early Launch Antimalware, Boot-Start Driver Initialization Policy must prevent boot drivers identified as bad. Compromised boot drivers can introduce malware prior to protection mechanisms that load after initialization. The Early Launch Antimalware driver can limit allowed drivers based on classifications determined by the malware protection application. At a minimum, drivers determined to be bad must not be allowed.
SV-78099r1_rule WN10-CC-000090 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Group Policy objects must be reprocessed even if they have not changed. Enabling this setting and then selecting the "Process even if the Group Policy objects have not changed" option ensures that the policies will be reprocessed even if none have been changed. This way, any unauthorized changes are forced to match the domain-based group policy settings again.
SV-78101r1_rule WN10-SO-000010 CCI-000804 MEDIUM The built-in guest account must be disabled. A system faces an increased vulnerability threat if the built-in guest account is not disabled. This account is a known account that exists on all Windows systems and cannot be deleted. This account is initialized during the installation of the operating system with no password assigned.
SV-78105r1_rule WN10-CC-000100 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Downloading print driver packages over HTTP must be prevented. Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting prevents the computer from downloading print driver packages over HTTP.
SV-78107r1_rule WN10-SO-000015 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Local accounts with blank passwords must be restricted to prevent access from the network. An account without a password can allow unauthorized access to a system as only the username would be required. Password policies should prevent accounts with blank passwords from existing on a system. However, if a local account with a blank password did exist, enabling this setting will prevent network access, limiting the account to local console logon only.
SV-78109r1_rule WN10-SO-000020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The built-in administrator account must be renamed. The built-in administrator account is a well-known account subject to attack. Renaming this account to an unidentified name improves the protection of this account and the system.
SV-78111r1_rule WN10-CC-000105 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Web publishing and online ordering wizards must be prevented from downloading a list of providers. Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting prevents Windows from downloading a list of providers for the Web publishing and online ordering wizards.
SV-78113r1_rule WN10-CC-000110 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Printing over HTTP must be prevented. Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting prevents the client computer from printing over HTTP, which allows the computer to print to printers on the intranet as well as the Internet.
SV-78115r1_rule WN10-SO-000025 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The built-in guest account must be renamed. The built-in guest account is a well-known user account on all Windows systems and, as initially installed, does not require a password. This can allow access to system resources by unauthorized users. Renaming this account to an unidentified name improves the protection of this account and the system.
SV-78117r1_rule WN10-CC-000115 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Systems must at least attempt device authentication using certificates. Using certificates to authenticate devices to the domain provides increased security over passwords. By default systems will attempt to authenticate using certificates and fall back to passwords if the domain controller does not support certificates for devices. This may also be configured to always use certificates for device authentication.
SV-78119r1_rule WN10-CC-000120 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The network selection user interface (UI) must not be displayed on the logon screen. Enabling interaction with the network selection UI allows users to change connections to available networks without signing into Windows.
SV-78123r1_rule WN10-CC-000130 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Local users on domain-joined computers must not be enumerated. The username is one part of logon credentials that could be used to gain access to a system. Preventing the enumeration of users limits this information to authorized personnel.
SV-78125r1_rule WN10-SO-000030 CCI-000169 MEDIUM Audit policy using subcategories must be enabled. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. This setting allows administrators to enable more precise auditing capabilities.
SV-78129r1_rule WN10-SO-000035 CCI-002418 MEDIUM Outgoing secure channel traffic must be encrypted or signed. Requests sent on the secure channel are authenticated, and sensitive information (such as passwords) is encrypted, but not all information is encrypted. If this policy is enabled, outgoing secure channel traffic will be encrypted and signed.
SV-78133r1_rule WN10-SO-000040 CCI-002418 MEDIUM Outgoing secure channel traffic must be encrypted when possible. Requests sent on the secure channel are authenticated, and sensitive information (such as passwords) is encrypted, but not all information is encrypted. If this policy is enabled, outgoing secure channel traffic will be encrypted.
SV-78135r1_rule WN10-CC-000145 CCI-002038 MEDIUM Users must be prompted for a password on resume from sleep (on battery). Authentication must always be required when accessing a system. This setting ensures the user is prompted for a password on resume from sleep (on battery).
SV-78137r1_rule WN10-SO-000045 CCI-002418 MEDIUM Outgoing secure channel traffic must be signed when possible. Requests sent on the secure channel are authenticated, and sensitive information (such as passwords) is encrypted, but the channel is not integrity checked. If this policy is enabled, outgoing secure channel traffic will be signed.
SV-78139r1_rule WN10-CC-000150 CCI-002038 MEDIUM The user must be prompted for a password on resume from sleep (plugged in). Authentication must always be required when accessing a system. This setting ensures the user is prompted for a password on resume from sleep (plugged in).
SV-78141r1_rule WN10-CC-000155 CCI-001090 HIGH Solicited Remote Assistance must not be allowed. Remote assistance allows another user to view or take control of the local session of a user. Solicited assistance is help that is specifically requested by the local user. This may allow unauthorized parties access to the resources on the computer.
SV-78143r1_rule WN10-SO-000050 CCI-000366 LOW The computer account password must not be prevented from being reset. Computer account passwords are changed automatically on a regular basis. Disabling automatic password changes can make the system more vulnerable to malicious access. Frequent password changes can be a significant safeguard for your system. A new password for the computer account will be generated every 30 days.
SV-78147r1_rule WN10-CC-000165 CCI-001967 MEDIUM Unauthenticated RPC clients must be restricted from connecting to the RPC server. Configuring RPC to restrict unauthenticated RPC clients from connecting to the RPC server will prevent anonymous connections.
SV-78149r2_rule WN10-CC-000170 CCI-000366 LOW The setting to allow Microsoft accounts to be optional for modern style apps must be enabled. Control of credentials and the system must be maintained within the enterprise. Enabling this setting allows enterprise credentials to be used with modern style apps that support this, instead of Microsoft accounts.
SV-78151r1_rule WN10-SO-000055 CCI-000366 LOW The maximum age for machine account passwords must be configured to 30 days or less. Computer account passwords are changed automatically on a regular basis. This setting controls the maximum password age that a machine account may have. This setting must be set to no more than 30 days, ensuring the machine changes its password monthly.
SV-78153r1_rule WN10-CC-000175 CCI-000381 LOW The Application Compatibility Program Inventory must be prevented from collecting data and sending the information to Microsoft. Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Turning off this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise and uncontrolled updates to the system. This setting will prevent the Program Inventory from collecting data about a system and sending the information to Microsoft.
SV-78155r1_rule WN10-SO-000060 CCI-002418 MEDIUM The system must be configured to require a strong session key. A computer connecting to a domain controller will establish a secure channel. Requiring strong session keys enforces 128-bit encryption between systems.
SV-78157r1_rule WN10-CC-000180 CCI-001764 HIGH Autoplay must be turned off for non-volume devices. Allowing autoplay to execute may introduce malicious code to a system. Autoplay begins reading from a drive as soon as you insert media in the drive. As a result, the setup file of programs or music on audio media may start. This setting will disable autoplay for non-volume devices (such as Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) devices).
SV-78159r2_rule WN10-SO-000070 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The machine inactivity limit must be set to 15 minutes, locking the system with the screensaver. Unattended systems are susceptible to unauthorized use and should be locked when unattended. The screen saver should be set at a maximum of 15 minutes and be password protected. This protects critical and sensitive data from exposure to unauthorized personnel with physical access to the computer.
SV-78161r1_rule WN10-CC-000185 CCI-001764 HIGH The default autorun behavior must be configured to prevent autorun commands. Allowing autorun commands to execute may introduce malicious code to a system. Configuring this setting prevents autorun commands from executing.
SV-78163r1_rule WN10-CC-000190 CCI-001764 HIGH Autoplay must be disabled for all drives. Allowing autoplay to execute may introduce malicious code to a system. Autoplay begins reading from a drive as soon as you insert media in the drive. As a result, the setup file of programs or music on audio media may start. By default, autoplay is disabled on removable drives, such as the floppy disk drive (but not the CD-ROM drive) and on network drives. If you enable this policy, you can also disable autoplay on all drives.
SV-78165r2_rule WN10-SO-000075 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The required legal notice must be configured to display before console logon. Failure to display the logon banner prior to a logon attempt will negate legal proceedings resulting from unauthorized access to system resources.
SV-78167r3_rule WN10-CC-000195 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Enhanced anti-spoofing for facial recognition must be enabled on Window 10. Enhanced anti-spoofing provides additional protections when using facial recognition with devices that support it.
SV-78169r1_rule WN10-CC-000200 CCI-001084 MEDIUM Administrator accounts must not be enumerated during elevation. Enumeration of administrator accounts when elevating can provide part of the logon information to an unauthorized user. This setting configures the system to always require users to type in a username and password to elevate a running application.
SV-78171r1_rule WN10-SO-000080 CCI-000048 LOW The Windows dialog box title for the legal banner must be configured. Failure to display the logon banner prior to a logon attempt will negate legal proceedings resulting from unauthorized access to system resources.
SV-78173r3_rule WN10-CC-000205 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows Telemetry must not be configured to Full. Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Limiting this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise. The "Security" option for Telemetry configures the lowest amount of data, effectively none outside of the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT), Defender and telemetry client settings. "Basic" sends basic diagnostic and usage data and may be required to support some Microsoft services. "Enhanced" includes additional information on how Windows and apps are used and advanced reliability data. Windows Analytics can use a "limited enhanced" level to provide information such as health data for devices. This requires the configuration of an additional setting available with v1709 and later of Windows 10.
SV-78175r6_rule WN10-CC-000210 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The Windows Defender SmartScreen for Explorer must be enabled. Windows Defender SmartScreen helps protect systems from programs downloaded from the internet that may be malicious. Enabling Windows Defender SmartScreen will warn or prevent users from running potentially malicious programs.
SV-78177r1_rule WN10-SO-000085 CCI-000366 LOW Caching of logon credentials must be limited. The default Windows configuration caches the last logon credentials for users who log on interactively to a system. This feature is provided for system availability reasons, such as the user's machine being disconnected from the network or domain controllers being unavailable. Even though the credential cache is well-protected, if a system is attacked, an unauthorized individual may isolate the password to a domain user account using a password-cracking program and gain access to the domain.
SV-78179r1_rule WN10-CC-000215 CCI-002824 MEDIUM Explorer Data Execution Prevention must be enabled. Data Execution Prevention (DEP) provides additional protection by performing checks on memory to help prevent malicious code from running. This setting will prevent Data Execution Prevention from being turned off for File Explorer.
SV-78181r3_rule WN10-CC-000220 CCI-002385 LOW Turning off File Explorer heap termination on corruption must be disabled. Legacy plug-in applications may continue to function when a File Explorer session has become corrupt. Disabling this feature will prevent this.
SV-78185r1_rule WN10-CC-000225 CCI-000366 MEDIUM File Explorer shell protocol must run in protected mode. The shell protocol will limit the set of folders applications can open when run in protected mode. Restricting files an application can open, to a limited set of folders, increases the security of Windows.
SV-78187r1_rule WN10-SO-000095 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Smart Card removal option must be configured to Force Logoff or Lock Workstation. Unattended systems are susceptible to unauthorized use and must be locked. Configuring a system to lock when a smart card is removed will ensure the system is inaccessible when unattended.
SV-78189r6_rule WN10-CC-000230 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Users must not be allowed to ignore Windows Defender SmartScreen filter warnings for malicious websites in Microsoft Edge. The Windows Defender SmartScreen filter in Microsoft Edge provides warning messages and blocks potentially malicious websites and file downloads. If users are allowed to ignore warnings from the Windows Defender SmartScreen filter they could still access malicious websites.
SV-78191r6_rule WN10-CC-000235 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Users must not be allowed to ignore Windows Defender SmartScreen filter warnings for unverified files in Microsoft Edge. The Windows Defender SmartScreen filter in Microsoft Edge provides warning messages and blocks potentially malicious websites and file downloads. If users are allowed to ignore warnings from the Windows Defender SmartScreen filter they could still download potentially malicious files.
SV-78193r1_rule WN10-SO-000100 CCI-002418 MEDIUM The Windows SMB client must be configured to always perform SMB packet signing. The server message block (SMB) protocol provides the basis for many network operations. Digitally signed SMB packets aid in preventing man-in-the-middle attacks. If this policy is enabled, the SMB client will only communicate with an SMB server that performs SMB packet signing.
SV-78195r4_rule WN10-CC-000240 CCI-000366 MEDIUM InPrivate browsing in Microsoft Edge must be disabled. The InPrivate browsing feature in Microsoft Edge prevents the storing of history, cookies, temporary Internet files, or other data. Disabling this feature maintains this data for review as necessary.
SV-78197r1_rule WN10-SO-000105 CCI-002418 MEDIUM The Windows SMB client must be enabled to perform SMB packet signing when possible. The server message block (SMB) protocol provides the basis for many network operations. If this policy is enabled, the SMB client will request packet signing when communicating with an SMB server that is enabled or required to perform SMB packet signing.
SV-78199r4_rule WN10-CC-000245 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The password manager function in the Edge browser must be disabled. Passwords save locally for re-use when browsing may be subject to compromise. Disabling the Edge password manager will prevent this for the browser.
SV-78201r1_rule WN10-SO-000110 CCI-000197 MEDIUM Unencrypted passwords must not be sent to third-party SMB Servers. Some non-Microsoft SMB servers only support unencrypted (plain text) password authentication. Sending plain text passwords across the network, when authenticating to an SMB server, reduces the overall security of the environment. Check with the vendor of the SMB server to see if there is a way to support encrypted password authentication.
SV-78203r6_rule WN10-CC-000250 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Windows Defender SmartScreen filter for Microsoft Edge must be enabled. The Windows Defender SmartScreen filter in Microsoft Edge provides warning messages and blocks potentially malicious websites.
SV-78207r5_rule WN10-CC-000255 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The use of a hardware security device with Windows Hello for Business must be enabled. The use of a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) to store keys for Windows Hello for Business provides additional security. Keys stored in the TPM may only be used on that system while keys stored using software are more susceptible to compromise and could be used on other systems.
SV-78209r1_rule WN10-SO-000120 CCI-002418 MEDIUM The Windows SMB server must be configured to always perform SMB packet signing. The server message block (SMB) protocol provides the basis for many network operations. Digitally signed SMB packets aid in preventing man-in-the-middle attacks. If this policy is enabled, the SMB server will only communicate with an SMB client that performs SMB packet signing.
SV-78211r6_rule WN10-CC-000260 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to require a minimum pin length of six characters or greater. Windows allows the use of PINs as well as biometrics for authentication without sending a password to a network or website where it could be compromised. Longer minimum PIN lengths increase the available combinations an attacker would have to attempt. Shorter minimum length significantly reduces the strength.
SV-78213r1_rule WN10-SO-000125 CCI-002418 MEDIUM The Windows SMB server must perform SMB packet signing when possible. The server message block (SMB) protocol provides the basis for many network operations. Digitally signed SMB packets aid in preventing man-in-the-middle attacks. If this policy is enabled, the SMB server will negotiate SMB packet signing as requested by the client.
SV-78219r1_rule WN10-CC-000270 CCI-002038 MEDIUM Passwords must not be saved in the Remote Desktop Client. Saving passwords in the Remote Desktop Client could allow an unauthorized user to establish a remote desktop session to another system. The system must be configured to prevent users from saving passwords in the Remote Desktop Client.
SV-78221r1_rule WN10-CC-000275 CCI-001090 MEDIUM Local drives must be prevented from sharing with Remote Desktop Session Hosts. Preventing users from sharing the local drives on their client computers to Remote Session Hosts that they access helps reduce possible exposure of sensitive data.
SV-78223r1_rule WN10-CC-000280 CCI-002038 MEDIUM Remote Desktop Services must always prompt a client for passwords upon connection. This setting controls the ability of users to supply passwords automatically as part of their remote desktop connection. Disabling this setting would allow anyone to use the stored credentials in a connection item to connect to the terminal server.
SV-78227r1_rule WN10-CC-000285 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The Remote Desktop Session Host must require secure RPC communications. Allowing unsecure RPC communication exposes the system to man in the middle attacks and data disclosure attacks. A man in the middle attack occurs when an intruder captures packets between a client and server and modifies them before allowing the packets to be exchanged. Usually the attacker will modify the information in the packets in an attempt to cause either the client or server to reveal sensitive information.
SV-78229r1_rule WN10-SO-000140 CCI-000366 HIGH Anonymous SID/Name translation must not be allowed. Allowing anonymous SID/Name translation can provide sensitive information for accessing a system. Only authorized users must be able to perform such translations.
SV-78231r1_rule WN10-CC-000290 CCI-000068 MEDIUM Remote Desktop Services must be configured with the client connection encryption set to the required level. Remote connections must be encrypted to prevent interception of data or sensitive information. Selecting "High Level" will ensure encryption of Remote Desktop Services sessions in both directions.
SV-78233r1_rule WN10-CC-000295 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Attachments must be prevented from being downloaded from RSS feeds. Attachments from RSS feeds may not be secure. This setting will prevent attachments from being downloaded from RSS feeds.
SV-78235r1_rule WN10-SO-000145 CCI-000366 HIGH Anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts must not be allowed. Anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts allows anonymous log on users (null session connections) to list all accounts names, thus providing a list of potential points to attack the system.
SV-78237r1_rule WN10-CC-000300 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Basic authentication for RSS feeds over HTTP must not be used. Basic authentication uses plain text passwords that could be used to compromise a system.
SV-78239r1_rule WN10-SO-000150 CCI-001090 HIGH Anonymous enumeration of shares must be restricted. Allowing anonymous logon users (null session connections) to list all account names and enumerate all shared resources can provide a map of potential points to attack the system.
SV-78241r1_rule WN10-CC-000305 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Indexing of encrypted files must be turned off. Indexing of encrypted files may expose sensitive data. This setting prevents encrypted files from being indexed.
SV-78245r1_rule WN10-SO-000160 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured to prevent anonymous users from having the same rights as the Everyone group. Access by anonymous users must be restricted. If this setting is enabled, then anonymous users have the same rights and permissions as the built-in Everyone group. Anonymous users must not have these permissions or rights.
SV-78249r1_rule WN10-SO-000165 CCI-001090 HIGH Anonymous access to Named Pipes and Shares must be restricted. Allowing anonymous access to named pipes or shares provides the potential for unauthorized system access. This setting restricts access to those defined in "Network access: Named Pipes that can be accessed anonymously" and "Network access: Shares that can be accessed anonymously", both of which must be blank under other requirements.
SV-78253r1_rule WN10-SO-000175 CCI-000778 MEDIUM Services using Local System that use Negotiate when reverting to NTLM authentication must use the computer identity vs. authenticating anonymously. Services using Local System that use Negotiate when reverting to NTLM authentication may gain unauthorized access if allowed to authenticate anonymously vs. using the computer identity.
SV-78255r1_rule WN10-SO-000180 CCI-000366 MEDIUM NTLM must be prevented from falling back to a Null session. NTLM sessions that are allowed to fall back to Null (unauthenticated) sessions may gain unauthorized access.
SV-78257r1_rule WN10-SO-000185 CCI-000366 MEDIUM PKU2U authentication using online identities must be prevented. PKU2U is a peer-to-peer authentication protocol. This setting prevents online identities from authenticating to domain-joined systems. Authentication will be centrally managed with Windows user accounts.
SV-78285r1_rule WN10-SO-000190 CCI-000803 MEDIUM Kerberos encryption types must be configured to prevent the use of DES and RC4 encryption suites. Certain encryption types are no longer considered secure. This setting configures a minimum encryption type for Kerberos, preventing the use of the DES and RC4 encryption suites.
SV-78287r1_rule WN10-SO-000195 CCI-000196 HIGH The system must be configured to prevent the storage of the LAN Manager hash of passwords. The LAN Manager hash uses a weak encryption algorithm and there are several tools available that use this hash to retrieve account passwords. This setting controls whether or not a LAN Manager hash of the password is stored in the SAM the next time the password is changed.
SV-78291r1_rule WN10-SO-000205 CCI-000366 HIGH The LanMan authentication level must be set to send NTLMv2 response only, and to refuse LM and NTLM. The Kerberos v5 authentication protocol is the default for authentication of users who are logging on to domain accounts. NTLM, which is less secure, is retained in later Windows versions for compatibility with clients and servers that are running earlier versions of Windows or applications that still use it. It is also used to authenticate logons to stand-alone computers that are running later versions.
SV-78293r1_rule WN10-SO-000210 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured to the required LDAP client signing level. This setting controls the signing requirements for LDAP clients. This setting must be set to Negotiate signing or Require signing, depending on the environment and type of LDAP server in use.
SV-78295r1_rule WN10-SO-000215 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured to meet the minimum session security requirement for NTLM SSP based clients. Microsoft has implemented a variety of security support providers for use with RPC sessions. All of the options must be enabled to ensure the maximum security level.
SV-78297r1_rule WN10-SO-000220 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured to meet the minimum session security requirement for NTLM SSP based servers. Microsoft has implemented a variety of security support providers for use with RPC sessions. All of the options must be enabled to ensure the maximum security level.
SV-78301r1_rule WN10-SO-000230 CCI-002450 MEDIUM The system must be configured to use FIPS-compliant algorithms for encryption, hashing, and signing. This setting ensures that the system uses algorithms that are FIPS-compliant for encryption, hashing, and signing. FIPS-compliant algorithms meet specific standards established by the U.S. Government and must be the algorithms used for all OS encryption functions.
SV-78305r1_rule WN10-SO-000240 CCI-000366 LOW The default permissions of global system objects must be increased. Windows systems maintain a global list of shared system resources such as DOS device names, mutexes, and semaphores. Each type of object is created with a default DACL that specifies who can access the objects with what permissions. If this policy is enabled, the default DACL is stronger, allowing non-admin users to read shared objects, but not modify shared objects that they did not create.
SV-78307r1_rule WN10-SO-000245 CCI-002038 MEDIUM User Account Control approval mode for the built-in Administrator must be enabled. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. This setting configures the built-in Administrator account so that it runs in Admin Approval Mode.
SV-78309r1_rule WN10-SO-000250 CCI-001084 MEDIUM User Account Control must, at minimum, prompt administrators for consent on the secure desktop. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. This setting configures the elevation requirements for logged on administrators to complete a task that requires raised privileges.
SV-78311r1_rule WN10-SO-000255 CCI-002038 MEDIUM User Account Control must automatically deny elevation requests for standard users. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. Denying elevation requests from standard user accounts requires tasks that need elevation to be initiated by accounts with administrative privileges. This ensures correct accounts are used on the system for privileged tasks to help mitigate credential theft.
SV-78315r1_rule WN10-SO-000260 CCI-001084 MEDIUM User Account Control must be configured to detect application installations and prompt for elevation. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. This setting requires Windows to respond to application installation requests by prompting for credentials.
SV-78317r1_rule WN10-SO-000265 CCI-001084 MEDIUM User Account Control must only elevate UIAccess applications that are installed in secure locations. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. This setting configures Windows to only allow applications installed in a secure location on the file system, such as the Program Files or the Windows\System32 folders, to run with elevated privileges.
SV-78319r1_rule WN10-SO-000270 CCI-002038 MEDIUM User Account Control must run all administrators in Admin Approval Mode, enabling UAC. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. This setting enables UAC.
SV-78321r1_rule WN10-SO-000275 CCI-001084 MEDIUM User Account Control must virtualize file and registry write failures to per-user locations. User Account Control (UAC) is a security mechanism for limiting the elevation of privileges, including administrative accounts, unless authorized. This setting configures non-UAC compliant applications to run in virtualized file and registry entries in per-user locations, allowing them to run.
SV-78329r1_rule WN10-UC-000015 CCI-000381 LOW Toast notifications to the lock screen must be turned off. Toast notifications that are displayed on the lock screen could display sensitive information to unauthorized personnel. Turning off this feature will limit access to the information to a logged on user.
SV-78331r2_rule WN10-UC-000020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Zone information must be preserved when saving attachments. Preserving zone of origin (internet, intranet, local, restricted) information on file attachments allows Windows to determine risk.
SV-78333r1_rule WN10-UR-000005 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Access Credential Manager as a trusted caller user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Access Credential Manager as a trusted caller" user right may be able to retrieve the credentials of other accounts from Credential Manager.
SV-78335r3_rule WN10-UR-000010 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Access this computer from the network user right must only be assigned to the Administrators and Remote Desktop Users groups. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Access this computer from the network" user right may access resources on the system, and must be limited to those that require it.
SV-78337r1_rule WN10-UR-000015 CCI-002235 HIGH The Act as part of the operating system user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Act as part of the operating system" user right can assume the identity of any user and gain access to resources that user is authorized to access. Any accounts with this right can take complete control of a system.
SV-78341r2_rule WN10-UR-000025 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Allow log on locally user right must only be assigned to the Administrators and Users groups. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. Accounts with the "Allow log on locally" user right can log on interactively to a system.
SV-78343r1_rule WN10-UR-000030 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Back up files and directories user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Back up files and directories" user right can circumvent file and directory permissions and could allow access to sensitive data."
SV-78345r1_rule WN10-UR-000035 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Change the system time user right must only be assigned to Administrators and Local Service. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Change the system time" user right can change the system time, which can impact authentication, as well as affect time stamps on event log entries.
SV-78347r1_rule WN10-UR-000040 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Create a pagefile user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Create a pagefile" user right can change the size of a pagefile, which could affect system performance.
SV-78349r1_rule WN10-UR-000045 CCI-002235 HIGH The Create a token object user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Create a token object" user right allows a process to create an access token. This could be used to provide elevated rights and compromise a system.
SV-78351r1_rule WN10-UR-000050 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Create global objects user right must only be assigned to Administrators, Service, Local Service, and Network Service. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Create global objects" user right can create objects that are available to all sessions, which could affect processes in other users' sessions.
SV-78353r1_rule WN10-UR-000055 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Create permanent shared objects user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Create permanent shared objects" user right could expose sensitive data by creating shared objects.
SV-78355r2_rule WN10-UR-000060 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Create symbolic links user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Create symbolic links" user right can create pointers to other objects, which could potentially expose the system to attack.
SV-78359r1_rule WN10-UR-000065 CCI-002235 HIGH The Debug programs user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Debug Programs" user right can attach a debugger to any process or to the kernel, providing complete access to sensitive and critical operating system components. This right is given to Administrators in the default configuration.
SV-78361r3_rule WN10-UR-000070 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Deny access to this computer from the network user right on workstations must be configured to prevent access from highly privileged domain accounts and local accounts on domain systems and unauthenticated access on all systems. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny access to this computer from the network" right defines the accounts that are prevented from logging on from the network. In an Active Directory Domain, denying logons to the Enterprise Admins and Domain Admins groups on lower trust systems helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation from credential theft attacks, which could lead to the compromise of an entire domain. Local accounts on domain-joined systems must also be assigned this right to decrease the risk of lateral movement resulting from credential theft attacks. The Guests group must be assigned this right to prevent unauthenticated access.
SV-78363r1_rule WN10-UR-000075 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Deny log on as a batch job user right on domain-joined workstations must be configured to prevent access from highly privileged domain accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Deny log on as a batch job" right defines accounts that are prevented from logging on to the system as a batch job, such as Task Scheduler. In an Active Directory Domain, denying logons to the Enterprise Admins and Domain Admins groups on lower trust systems helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation from credential theft attacks which could lead to the compromise of an entire domain.
SV-78365r1_rule WN10-UR-000080 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Deny log on as a service user right on domain-joined workstations must be configured to prevent access from highly privileged domain accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Deny log on as a service" right defines accounts that are denied log on as a service. In an Active Directory Domain, denying logons to the Enterprise Admins and Domain Admins groups on lower trust systems helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation from credential theft attacks which could lead to the compromise of an entire domain. Incorrect configurations could prevent services from starting and result in a DoS.
SV-78367r2_rule WN10-UR-000085 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Deny log on locally user right on workstations must be configured to prevent access from highly privileged domain accounts on domain systems and unauthenticated access on all systems. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny log on locally" right defines accounts that are prevented from logging on interactively. In an Active Directory Domain, denying logons to the Enterprise Admins and Domain Admins groups on lower trust systems helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation from credential theft attacks, which could lead to the compromise of an entire domain. The Guests group must be assigned this right to prevent unauthenticated access.
SV-78369r3_rule WN10-UR-000090 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services user right on workstations must at a minimum be configured to prevent access from highly privileged domain accounts and local accounts on domain systems and unauthenticated access on all systems. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high-level capabilities. The "Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services" right defines the accounts that are prevented from logging on using Remote Desktop Services. If Remote Desktop Services is not used by the organization, the Everyone group must be assigned this right to prevent all access. In an Active Directory Domain, denying logons to the Enterprise Admins and Domain Admins groups on lower trust systems helps mitigate the risk of privilege escalation from credential theft attacks, which could lead to the compromise of an entire domain. Local accounts on domain-joined systems must also be assigned this right to decrease the risk of lateral movement resulting from credential theft attacks. The Guests group must be assigned this right to prevent unauthenticated access.
SV-78371r1_rule WN10-UR-000095 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation" user right allows the "Trusted for Delegation" setting to be changed. This could potentially allow unauthorized users to impersonate other users.
SV-78373r1_rule WN10-UR-000100 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Force shutdown from a remote system user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Force shutdown from a remote system" user right can remotely shut down a system which could result in a DoS.
SV-78377r1_rule WN10-UR-000105 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Generate security audits user right must only be assigned to Local Service and Network Service. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Generate security audits" user right specifies users and processes that can generate Security Log audit records, which must only be the system service accounts defined.
SV-78379r1_rule WN10-UR-000110 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Impersonate a client after authentication user right must only be assigned to Administrators, Service, Local Service, and Network Service. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Impersonate a client after authentication" user right allows a program to impersonate another user or account to run on their behalf. An attacker could potentially use this to elevate privileges.
SV-78381r1_rule WN10-UR-000115 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Increase scheduling priority user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Increase scheduling priority" user right can change a scheduling priority causing performance issues or a DoS.
SV-78407r1_rule WN10-UR-000120 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Load and unload device drivers user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Load and unload device drivers" user right allows device drivers to dynamically be loaded on a system by a user. This could potentially be used to install malicious code by an attacker.
SV-78415r1_rule WN10-UR-000125 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Lock pages in memory user right must not be assigned to any groups or accounts. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. The "Lock pages in memory" user right allows physical memory to be assigned to processes, which could cause performance issues or a DoS.
SV-78417r1_rule WN10-UR-000130 CCI-000162 MEDIUM The Manage auditing and security log user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Manage auditing and security log" user right can manage the security log and change auditing configurations. This could be used to clear evidence of tampering.
SV-78421r1_rule WN10-UR-000140 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Modify firmware environment values user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Modify firmware environment values" user right can change hardware configuration environment variables. This could result in hardware failures or a DoS.
SV-78423r1_rule WN10-UR-000145 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Perform volume maintenance tasks user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Perform volume maintenance tasks" user right can manage volume and disk configurations. They could potentially delete volumes, resulting in, data loss or a DoS.
SV-78425r1_rule WN10-UR-000150 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Profile single process user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Profile single process" user right can monitor non-system processes performance. An attacker could potentially use this to identify processes to attack.
SV-78429r1_rule WN10-UR-000160 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Restore files and directories user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Restore files and directories" user right can circumvent file and directory permissions and could allow access to sensitive data. It could also be used to over-write more current data.
SV-78431r1_rule WN10-UR-000165 CCI-002235 MEDIUM The Take ownership of files or other objects user right must only be assigned to the Administrators group. Inappropriate granting of user rights can provide system, administrative, and other high level capabilities. Accounts with the "Take ownership of files or other objects" user right can take ownership of objects and make changes.
SV-80171r3_rule WN10-CC-000206 CCI-000366 LOW Windows Update must not obtain updates from other PCs on the Internet. Windows 10 allows Windows Update to obtain updates from additional sources instead of Microsoft. In addition to Microsoft, updates can be obtained from and sent to PCs on the local network as well as on the Internet. This is part of the Windows Update trusted process, however to minimize outside exposure, obtaining updates from or sending to systems on the Internet must be prevented.
SV-83409r1_rule WN10-CC-000066 CCI-000135 MEDIUM Command line data must be included in process creation events. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Enabling "Include command line data for process creation events" will record the command line information with the process creation events in the log. This can provide additional detail when malware has run on a system.
SV-83411r1_rule WN10-CC-000326 CCI-000135 MEDIUM PowerShell script block logging must be enabled. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Enabling PowerShell script block logging will record detailed information from the processing of PowerShell commands and scripts. This can provide additional detail when malware has run on a system.
SV-83439r2_rule WN10-00-000145 CCI-002824 HIGH Data Execution Prevention (DEP) must be configured to at least OptOut. Attackers are constantly looking for vulnerabilities in systems and applications. Data Execution Prevention (DEP) prevents harmful code from running in protected memory locations reserved for Windows and other programs.
SV-83445r4_rule WN10-00-000150 CCI-002824 HIGH Structured Exception Handling Overwrite Protection (SEHOP) must be enabled. Attackers are constantly looking for vulnerabilities in systems and applications. Structured Exception Handling Overwrite Protection (SEHOP) blocks exploits that use the Structured Exception Handling overwrite technique, a common buffer overflow attack.
SV-85259r2_rule WN10-00-000155 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The Windows PowerShell 2.0 feature must be disabled on the system. Windows PowerShell 5.0 added advanced logging features which can provide additional detail when malware has been run on a system. Disabling the Windows PowerShell 2.0 mitigates against a downgrade attack that evades the Windows PowerShell 5.0 script block logging feature.
SV-85261r2_rule WN10-00-000160 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The Server Message Block (SMB) v1 protocol must be disabled on the system. SMBv1 is a legacy protocol that uses the MD5 algorithm as part of SMB. MD5 is known to be vulnerable to a number of attacks such as collision and preimage attacks as well as not being FIPS compliant. Disabling SMBv1 support may prevent access to file or print sharing resources with systems or devices that only support SMBv1. File shares and print services hosted on Windows Server 2003 are an example, however Windows Server 2003 is no longer a supported operating system. Some older Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices may only support SMBv1.
SV-86383r2_rule WN10-AU-000054 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Logon/Logoff - Account Lockout failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Account Lockout events can be used to identify potentially malicious logon attempts.
SV-86385r1_rule WN10-AU-000107 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The system must be configured to audit Policy Change - Authorization Policy Change successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Authorization Policy Change records events related to changes in user rights, such as Create a token object.
SV-86387r1_rule WN10-CC-000038 CCI-000381 MEDIUM WDigest Authentication must be disabled. When the WDigest Authentication protocol is enabled, plain text passwords are stored in the Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS) exposing them to theft. WDigest is disabled by default in Windows 10. This setting ensures this is enforced.
SV-86389r1_rule WN10-CC-000044 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Internet connection sharing must be disabled. Internet connection sharing makes it possible for an existing internet connection, such as through wireless, to be shared and used by other systems essentially creating a mobile hotspot. This exposes the system sharing the connection to others with potentially malicious purpose.
SV-86393r3_rule WN10-SO-000167 CCI-002235 MEDIUM Remote calls to the Security Account Manager (SAM) must be restricted to Administrators. The Windows Security Account Manager (SAM) stores users' passwords. Restricting remote rpc connections to the SAM to Administrators helps protect those credentials.
SV-86395r2_rule WN10-CC-000197 CCI-000381 LOW Microsoft consumer experiences must be turned off. Microsoft consumer experiences provides suggestions and notifications to users, which may include the installation of Windows Store apps. Organizations may control the execution of applications through other means such as whitelisting. Turning off Microsoft consumer experiences will help prevent the unwanted installation of suggested applications.
SV-86953r1_rule WN10-CC-000039 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Run as different user must be removed from context menus. The "Run as different user" selection from context menus allows the use of credentials other than the currently logged on user. Using privileged credentials in a standard user session can expose those credentials to theft. Removing this option from context menus helps prevent this from occurring.
SV-87403r1_rule WN10-00-000210 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Bluetooth must be turned off unless approved by the organization. If not configured properly, Bluetooth may allow rogue devices to communicate with a system. If a rogue device is paired with a system, there is potential for sensitive information to be compromised.
SV-87405r1_rule WN10-00-000220 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Bluetooth must be turned off when not in use. If not configured properly, Bluetooth may allow rogue devices to communicate with a system. If a rogue device is paired with a system, there is potential for sensitive information to be compromised.
SV-87407r1_rule WN10-00-000230 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must notify the user when a Bluetooth device attempts to connect. If not configured properly, Bluetooth may allow rogue devices to communicate with a system. If a rogue device is paired with a system, there is potential for sensitive information to be compromised
SV-89083r1_rule WN10-AU-000084 CCI-000172 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to audit Object Access - Other Object Access Events failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing for other object access records events related to the management of task scheduler jobs and COM+ objects.
SV-89085r1_rule WN10-AU-000083 CCI-000172 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to audit Object Access - Other Object Access Events successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing for other object access records events related to the management of task scheduler jobs and COM+ objects.
SV-89087r1_rule WN10-CC-000052 CCI-000803 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to prioritize ECC Curves with longer key lengths first. Use of weak or untested encryption algorithms undermines the purposes of utilizing encryption to protect data. By default Windows uses ECC curves with shorter key lengths first. Requiring ECC curves with longer key lengths to be prioritized first helps ensure more secure algorithms are used.
SV-89089r3_rule WN10-CC-000228 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to prevent Microsoft Edge browser data from being cleared on exit. Clearing browser data on exit automatically deletes specified items when the last browser window closes. This data could be used to identify malicious websites and files that could later be used for anti-virus and Intrusion Detection System (IDS) signatures. Disabling this function will prevent the data from automatically being deleted when the browser closes.
SV-89091r2_rule WN10-CC-000252 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to disable Windows Game Recording and Broadcasting. Windows Game Recording and Broadcasting is intended for use with games, however it could potentially record screen shots of other applications and expose sensitive data. Disabling the feature will prevent this from occurring.
SV-89373r2_rule WN10-CC-000068 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to enable Remote host allows delegation of non-exportable credentials. An exportable version of credentials is provided to remote hosts when using credential delegation which exposes them to theft on the remote host. Restricted Admin mode or Remote Credential Guard allow delegation of non-exportable credentials providing additional protection of the credentials. Enabling this configures the host to support Restricted Admin mode or Remote Credential Guard.
SV-89393r1_rule WN10-00-000175 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The Secondary Logon service must be disabled on Windows 10. The Secondary Logon service provides a means for entering alternate credentials, typically used to run commands with elevated privileges. Using privileged credentials in a standard user session can expose those credentials to theft.
SV-89395r1_rule WN10-AU-000082 CCI-000172 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to audit Object Access - File Share successes. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing file shares records events related to connection to shares on a system including system shares such as C$.
SV-89397r1_rule WN10-00-000165 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The Server Message Block (SMB) v1 protocol must be disabled on the SMB server. SMBv1 is a legacy protocol that uses the MD5 algorithm as part of SMB. MD5 is known to be vulnerable to a number of attacks such as collision and preimage attacks as well as not being FIPS compliant. Disabling SMBv1 support may prevent access to file or print sharing resources with systems or devices that only support SMBv1. File shares and print services hosted on Windows Server 2003 are an example, however Windows Server 2003 is no longer a supported operating system. Some older network attached devices may only support SMBv1.
SV-89399r1_rule WN10-00-000170 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The Server Message Block (SMB) v1 protocol must be disabled on the SMB client. SMBv1 is a legacy protocol that uses the MD5 algorithm as part of SMB. MD5 is known to be vulnerable to a number of attacks such as collision and preimage attacks as well as not being FIPS compliant. Disabling SMBv1 support may prevent access to file or print sharing resources with systems or devices that only support SMBv1. File shares and print services hosted on Windows Server 2003 are an example, however Windows Server 2003 is no longer a supported operating system. Some older network attached devices may only support SMBv1.
SV-89701r1_rule WN10-AU-000081 CCI-000172 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to audit Object Access - File Share failures. Maintaining an audit trail of system activity logs can help identify configuration errors, troubleshoot service disruptions, and analyze compromises that have occurred, as well as detect attacks. Audit logs are necessary to provide a trail of evidence in case the system or network is compromised. Collecting this data is essential for analyzing the security of information assets and detecting signs of suspicious and unexpected behavior. Auditing file shares records events related to connection to shares on a system including system shares such as C$.
SV-91201r1_rule WN10-00-000190 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Orphaned security identifiers (SIDs) must be removed from user rights on Windows 10. Accounts or groups given rights on a system may show up as unresolved SIDs for various reasons including deletion of the accounts or groups. If the account or group objects are reanimated, there is a potential they may still have rights no longer intended. Valid domain accounts or groups may also show up as unresolved SIDs if a connection to the domain cannot be established for some reason.
SV-91779r3_rule WN10-00-000015 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 systems must have Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) firmware and be configured to run in UEFI mode, not Legacy BIOS. UEFI provides additional security features in comparison to legacy BIOS firmware, including Secure Boot. UEFI is required to support additional security features in Windows 10, including Virtualization Based Security and Credential Guard. Systems with UEFI that are operating in Legacy BIOS mode will not support these security features.
SV-91781r2_rule WN10-00-000020 CCI-000366 LOW Secure Boot must be enabled on Windows 10 systems. Secure Boot is a standard that ensures systems boot only to a trusted operating system. Secure Boot is required to support additional security features in Windows 10, including Virtualization Based Security and Credential Guard. If Secure Boot is turned off, these security features will not function.
SV-91787r3_rule WN10-EP-000020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 Exploit Protection system-level mitigation, Data Execution Prevention (DEP), must be on. Exploit protection in Windows 10 enables mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Several mitigations, including "Data Execution Prevention (DEP)", are enabled by default at the system level. DEP prevents code from being run from data-only memory pages. If this is turned off, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91791r4_rule WN10-EP-000030 CCI-002824 MEDIUM Windows 10 Exploit Protection system-level mitigation, Randomize memory allocations (Bottom-Up ASLR), must be on. Exploit protection in Windows 10 enables mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Several mitigations, including "Randomize memory allocations (Bottom-Up ASLR)", are enabled by default at the system level. Bottom-Up ASLR (address space layout randomization) randomizes locations for virtual memory allocations, including those for system structures. If this is turned off, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91793r3_rule WN10-EP-000040 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 Exploit Protection system-level mitigation, Control flow guard (CFG), must be on. Exploit protection in Windows 10 enables mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Several mitigations, including "Control flow guard (CFG)", are enabled by default at the system level. CFG ensures flow integrity for indirect calls. If this is turned off, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91797r3_rule WN10-EP-000050 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 Exploit Protection system-level mitigation, Validate exception chains (SEHOP), must be on. Exploit protection in Windows 10 enables mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Several mitigations, including "Validate exception chains (SEHOP)", are enabled by default at the system level. SEHOP (structured exception handling overwrite protection) ensures the integrity of an exception chain during exception dispatch. If this is turned off, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91799r3_rule WN10-EP-000060 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 Exploit Protection system-level mitigation, Validate heap integrity, must be on. Exploit protection in Windows 10 enables mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Several mitigations, including "Validate heap integrity", are enabled by default at the system level. "Validate heap integrity" terminates a process when heap corruption is detected. If this is turned off, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91885r2_rule WN10-EP-000070 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for Acrobat.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91887r2_rule WN10-EP-000080 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for AcroRd32.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91891r2_rule WN10-EP-000090 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for chrome.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91897r2_rule WN10-EP-000100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for EXCEL.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91901r2_rule WN10-EP-000110 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for firefox.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91905r2_rule WN10-EP-000120 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for FLTLDR.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91909r2_rule WN10-EP-000130 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for GROOVE.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91913r2_rule WN10-EP-000140 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for iexplore.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91917r2_rule WN10-EP-000150 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for INFOPATH.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91919r2_rule WN10-EP-000160 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for java.exe, javaw.exe, and javaws.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91923r2_rule WN10-EP-000170 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for lync.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91927r2_rule WN10-EP-000180 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for MSACCESS.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91929r2_rule WN10-EP-000190 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for MSPUB.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91931r2_rule WN10-EP-000210 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for OneDrive.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91935r2_rule WN10-EP-000200 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for OIS.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91939r2_rule WN10-EP-000220 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for OUTLOOK.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91941r2_rule WN10-EP-000230 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for plugin-container.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91943r2_rule WN10-EP-000240 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for POWERPNT.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91945r2_rule WN10-EP-000250 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for PPTVIEW.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91951r2_rule WN10-EP-000260 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for VISIO.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91955r2_rule WN10-EP-000270 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for VPREVIEW.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91959r2_rule WN10-EP-000280 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for WINWORD.EXE. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91963r2_rule WN10-EP-000290 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for wmplayer.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-91965r2_rule WN10-EP-000300 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Exploit Protection mitigations in Windows 10 must be configured for wordpad.exe. Exploit protection in Windows 10 provides a means of enabling additional mitigations against potential threats at the system and application level. Without these additional application protections, Windows 10 may be subject to various exploits.
SV-92835r1_rule WN10-00-000240 CCI-000366 HIGH Administrative accounts must not be used with applications that access the Internet, such as web browsers, or with potential Internet sources, such as email. Using applications that access the Internet or have potential Internet sources using administrative privileges exposes a system to compromise. If a flaw in an application is exploited while running as a privileged user, the entire system could be compromised. Web browsers and email are common attack vectors for introducing malicious code and must not be run with an administrative account. Since administrative accounts may generally change or work around technical restrictions for running a web browser or other applications, it is essential that policy requires administrative accounts to not access the Internet or use applications, such as email. The policy should define specific exceptions for local service administration. These exceptions may include HTTP(S)-based tools that are used for the administration of the local system, services, or attached devices. Technical means such as application whitelisting can be used to enforce the policy to ensure compliance.
SV-96851r1_rule WN10-UC-000005 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The use of personal accounts for OneDrive synchronization must be disabled. OneDrive provides access to external services for data storage, which must be restricted to authorized instances. Enabling this setting will prevent the use of personal OneDrive accounts for synchronization.
SV-96853r1_rule WN10-CC-000238 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to prevent certificate error overrides in Microsoft Edge. Web security certificates provide an indication whether a site is legitimate. This policy setting prevents the user from ignoring Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificate errors that interrupt browsing.
SV-96859r1_rule WN10-CC-000204 CCI-000366 MEDIUM If Enhanced diagnostic data is enabled it must be limited to the minimum required to support Windows Analytics. Some features may communicate with the vendor, sending system information or downloading data or components for the feature. Limiting this capability will prevent potentially sensitive information from being sent outside the enterprise. The "Enhanced" level for telemetry includes additional information beyond "Security" and "Basic" on how Windows and apps are used and advanced reliability data. Windows Analytics can use a "limited enhanced" level to provide information such as health data for devices.
SV-98853r1_rule WN10-CC-000340 CCI-000366 MEDIUM OneDrive must only allow synchronizing of accounts for DoD organization instances. OneDrive provides access to external services for data storage, which must be restricted to authorized instances if enabled. Configuring this setting will restrict synchronizing of OneDrive accounts to DoD organization instances.
SV-104549r1_rule WN10-CC-000365 CCI-000056 MEDIUM Windows 10 must be configured to prevent Windows apps from being activated by voice while the system is locked. Allowing Windows apps to be activated by voice from the lock screen could allow for unauthorized use. Requiring logon will ensure the apps are only used by authorized personnel.