VMware vSphere 7.0 vCenter Appliance Lookup Service Security Technical Implementation Guide

Description

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DOD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: [email protected].

Details

Version / Release: V1R1

Published: 2023-02-21

Updated At: 2023-05-04 00:38:38

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Drop CKL or SCAP (XCCDF) results here.

    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-256706r888709_rule VCLU-70-000001 CCI-000054 MEDIUM Lookup Service must limit the amount of time that each Transport Control Protocol (TCP) connection is kept alive. Denial of service (DoS) is one threat against web servers. Many DoS attacks attempt to consume web server resources in such a way that no more resources are available to satisfy legitimate requests. In Tomcat, the "connectionTimeout" attribute sets the
    SV-256707r888712_rule VCLU-70-000002 CCI-000054 MEDIUM Lookup Service must limit the number of concurrent connections permitted. Resource exhaustion can occur when an unlimited number of concurrent requests are allowed on a website, facilitating a denial-of-service attack. Unless the number of requests is controlled, the web server can consume enough system resources to cause a sys
    SV-256708r888715_rule VCLU-70-000003 CCI-000054 MEDIUM Lookup Service must limit the maximum size of a POST request. The "maxPostSize" value is the maximum size in bytes of the POST that will be handled by the container FORM URL parameter parsing. Limit its size to reduce exposure to a denial-of-service attack. If "maxPostSize" is not set, the default value of 2097152
    SV-256709r888718_rule VCLU-70-000004 CCI-000054 MEDIUM Lookup Service must protect cookies from cross-site scripting (XSS). Cookies are a common way to save session state over the HTTP(S) protocol. If an attacker can compromise session data stored in a cookie, they are better able to launch an attack against the server and its applications. When a cookie is tagged with the "H
    SV-256710r888721_rule VCLU-70-000005 CCI-000067 MEDIUM Lookup Service must record user access in a format that enables monitoring of remote access. Remote access can be exploited by an attacker to compromise the server. By recording all remote access activities, it will be possible to determine the attacker's location, intent, and degree of success. Tomcat can be configured with an "AccessLogValve",
    SV-256711r888724_rule VCLU-70-000006 CCI-000169 MEDIUM Lookup Service must generate log records for system startup and shutdown. Logging must be started as soon as possible when a service starts and when a service is stopped. Many forms of suspicious actions can be detected by analyzing logs for unexpected service starts and stops. Also, by starting to log immediately after a servi
    SV-256712r888727_rule VCLU-70-000007 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Lookup Service log files must only be accessible by privileged users. Log data is essential in the investigation of events. If log data were to become compromised, competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity would be difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. In addi
    SV-256713r888730_rule VCLU-70-000008 CCI-001749 MEDIUM Lookup Service application files must be verified for their integrity. Verifying the Lookup Service application code is unchanged from its shipping state is essential for file validation and nonrepudiation of the Lookup Service. There is no reason the MD5 hash of the RPM original files should be changed after installation, e
    SV-256714r888733_rule VCLU-70-000009 CCI-001749 MEDIUM Lookup Service must only run one webapp. VMware ships Lookup Service on the vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) with one webapp. Any other path is potentially malicious and must be removed.
    SV-256715r888736_rule VCLU-70-000010 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must not be configured with the "UserDatabaseRealm" enabled. The Lookup Service performs user authentication at the application level and not through Tomcat. By default, there is no configuration for the "UserDatabaseRealm" Tomcat authentication mechanism. As part of eliminating unnecessary features and to ensure t
    SV-256716r888739_rule VCLU-70-000011 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must be configured to limit access to internal packages. The "package.access" entry in the "catalina.properties" file implements access control at the package level. When properly configured, a Security Exception will be reported if an errant or malicious webapp attempts to access the listed internal classes di
    SV-256717r888742_rule VCLU-70-000012 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must have Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIMEs) that invoke operating system shell programs disabled. MIME mappings tell the Lookup Service what type of program various file types and extensions are and what external utilities or programs are needed to execute the file type. By ensuring that various shell script MIME types are not included in "web.xml", t
    SV-256718r888745_rule VCLU-70-000013 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must have mappings set for Java servlet pages. Resource mapping is the process of tying a particular file type to a process in the web server that can serve that type of file to a requesting client and identify which file types are not to be delivered to a client. By not specifying which files can an
    SV-256719r888748_rule VCLU-70-000014 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must not have the Web Distributed Authoring (WebDAV) servlet installed. WebDAV is an extension to the HTTP protocol that, when developed, was meant to allow users to create, change, and move documents on a server, typically a web server or web share. WebDAV is not widely used and has serious security concerns because it may a
    SV-256720r888751_rule VCLU-70-000015 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must be configured with memory leak protection. The Java Runtime environment can cause a memory leak or lock files under certain conditions. Without memory leak protection, Lookup Service can continue to consume system resources, which will lead to "OutOfMemoryErrors" when reloading web applications.
    SV-256721r888754_rule VCLU-70-000016 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Lookup Service must not have any symbolic links in the web content directory tree. A web server is designed to deliver content and execute scripts or applications on the request of a client or user. Containing user requests to files in the directory tree of the hosted web application and limiting the execution of scripts and application
    SV-256722r888757_rule VCLU-70-000017 CCI-001082 MEDIUM Lookup Service directory tree must have permissions in an out-of-the-box state. As a rule, accounts on a web server are to be kept to a minimum. Only administrators, web managers, developers, auditors, and web authors require accounts on the machine hosting the web server. The resources to which these accounts have access must also b
    SV-256723r888760_rule VCLU-70-000018 CCI-001190 MEDIUM Lookup Service must fail to a known safe state if system initialization fails, shutdown fails, or aborts fail. Determining a safe state for failure and weighing that against a potential denial of service for users depends on what type of application the web server is hosting. For the Lookup Service, it is preferable that the service abort startup on any initializa
    SV-256724r888763_rule VCLU-70-000019 CCI-001094 MEDIUM Lookup Service must limit the number of allowed connections. Limiting the number of established connections is a basic denial-of-service protection and a best practice. Servers where the limit is too high or unlimited could run out of system resources and negatively affect system availability.
    SV-256725r888766_rule VCLU-70-000020 CCI-001310 MEDIUM Lookup Service must set URIEncoding to UTF-8. Invalid user input occurs when a user inserts data or characters into a hosted application's data entry field and the hosted application is unprepared to process that data. This results in unanticipated application behavior, potentially leading to an appl
    SV-256726r888769_rule VCLU-70-000021 CCI-001312 MEDIUM Lookup Service must set the welcome-file node to a default web page. Enumeration techniques, such as URL parameter manipulation, rely on being able to obtain information about the web server's directory structure by locating directories without default pages. In this scenario, the web server will display to the user a list
    SV-256727r888772_rule VCLU-70-000022 CCI-001312 MEDIUM The Lookup Service must not show directory listings. Enumeration techniques, such as URL parameter manipulation, rely on being able to obtain information about the web server's directory structure by locating directories without default pages. In this scenario, the web server will display to the user a list
    SV-256728r888775_rule VCLU-70-000023 CCI-001312 MEDIUM Lookup Service must be configured to hide the server version. Web servers will often display error messages to client users, including enough information to aid in the debugging of the error. The information given back in error messages may display the web server type, version, patches installed, plug-ins and module
    SV-256729r888778_rule VCLU-70-000024 CCI-001312 MEDIUM Lookup Service must be configured to show error pages with minimal information. Web servers will often display error messages to client users, including enough information to aid in the debugging of the error. The information given back in error messages may display the web server type, version, patches installed, plug-ins and module
    SV-256730r888781_rule VCLU-70-000025 CCI-001312 MEDIUM Lookup Service must not enable support for TRACE requests. "TRACE" is a technique for a user to request internal information about Tomcat. This is useful during product development but should not be enabled in production. Allowing an attacker to conduct a TRACE operation against the service will expose informatio
    SV-256731r888784_rule VCLU-70-000026 CCI-001312 MEDIUM Lookup Service must have the debug option turned off. Information needed by an attacker to begin looking for possible vulnerabilities in a web server includes any information about the web server and plug-ins or modules being used. When debugging or trace information is enabled in a production web server, in
    SV-256732r888787_rule VCLU-70-000027 CCI-001849 MEDIUM Lookup Service must use a logging mechanism that is configured to allocate log record storage capacity large enough to accommodate the logging requirements of the web server. To ensure the logging mechanism used by the web server has sufficient storage capacity in which to write the logs, the logging mechanism must be able to allocate log record storage capacity. Lookup Service configures log sizes and rotation appropriately a
    SV-256733r888790_rule VCLU-70-000028 CCI-000139 MEDIUM Lookup Service log files must be offloaded to a central log server in real time. Lookup Service produces several logs that must be offloaded from the originating system. This information can then be used for diagnostic, forensics, or other purposes relevant to ensuring the availability and integrity of the hosted application. Satisfi
    SV-256734r888793_rule VCLU-70-000029 CCI-001762 MEDIUM Lookup Service must be configured with the appropriate ports. Web servers provide numerous processes, features, and functionalities that use TCP/IP ports. Some of these processes may be deemed unnecessary or too unsecure to run on a production system. The ports that Lookup Service listens on are configured in the "c
    SV-256735r888796_rule VCLU-70-000030 CCI-002385 MEDIUM Lookup Service must disable the shutdown port. An attacker has at least two reasons to stop a web server. The first is to cause a denial of service, and the second is to put in place changes the attacker made to the web server configuration. If the Tomcat shutdown port feature is enabled, a shutdown s
    SV-256736r888799_rule VCLU-70-000031 CCI-002418 MEDIUM Lookup Service must set the secure flag for cookies. The secure flag is an option that can be set by the application server when sending a new cookie to the user within an HTTP Response. The purpose of the secure flag is to prevent cookies from being observed by unauthorized parties due to the transmission