Palo Alto Networks NDM Security Technical Implementation Guide

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]

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Version / Release: V1R4

Published: 2019-12-20

Updated At: 2020-01-27 23:30:14

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    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-77195r1_rule PANW-NM-000015 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced.
    SV-77197r1_rule PANW-NM-000016 CCI-000048 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the device. Display of the DoD-approved use notification before granting access to the network device ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, a
    SV-77199r1_rule PANW-NM-000023 CCI-000171 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must allow only the ISSM (or individuals or roles appointed by the ISSM) in the Audit Administrator (auditadmin) role, or in a custom role with full access to audit logs, or any account that has full access to audit logs. Without the capability to restrict which roles and individuals can select which events are audited, unauthorized personnel may be able to prevent the auditing of critical events. Misconfigured audits may degrade the system's performance by overwhelming th
    SV-77201r1_rule PANW-NM-000024 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to access privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. By defaul
    SV-77203r1_rule PANW-NM-000029 CCI-000133 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must produce audit log records containing information (FQDN, unique hostname, management IP address) to establish the source of events. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know the source of the event. The source may be a component, module, or process within the device or an external session, administrat
    SV-77205r1_rule PANW-NM-000042 CCI-001348 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must back up audit records at least every seven days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited. Protection of log data includes assuring log data is not accidentally lost or deleted. Regularly forwarding logs to a syslog server helps to assure, in the event of a catastrophic system failure, the audit records will be retained. This requirement is me
    SV-77207r1_rule PANW-NM-000046 CCI-000382 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must be configured to prohibit the use of all unnecessary and/or nonsecure functions, ports, protocols, and/or services, as defined in the PPSM CAL and vulnerability assessments. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable unused or unnecessary physical and logical ports/protocol
    SV-77209r1_rule PANW-NM-000047 CCI-000764 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must uniquely identify and authenticate organizational administrators (or processes acting on behalf of organizational administrators). To assure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational administrators must be uniquely identified and authenticated for all network management accesses to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system.
    SV-77211r2_rule PANW-NM-000051 CCI-001941 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must implement replay-resistant authentication mechanisms for network access to privileged accounts. A replay attack may enable an unauthorized user to gain access to the application. Authentication sessions between the authenticator and the application validating the user credentials must not be vulnerable to a replay attack. An authentication process
    SV-77213r1_rule PANW-NM-000053 CCI-000205 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce a minimum 15-character password length. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a passwor
    SV-77215r1_rule PANW-NM-000054 CCI-000200 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. To meet password policy requirements, passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals. If the ne
    SV-77217r1_rule PANW-NM-000055 CCI-000192 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used. Use of a complex passwords helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-77219r1_rule PANW-NM-000056 CCI-000193 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-77221r1_rule PANW-NM-000057 CCI-000194 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-77223r1_rule PANW-NM-000058 CCI-001619 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-77225r1_rule PANW-NM-000059 CCI-000195 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not available and passwords must be used, the Palo Alto Networks security platform must require that when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least 8 of the positions within the password. If the application allows the user to consecutively reuse extensive portions of passwords, this increases the chances of password compromise by increasing the window of opportunity for attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. The number of changed c
    SV-77227r1_rule PANW-NM-000061 CCI-000197 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must prohibit the use of unencrypted protocols for network access to privileged accounts. Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Network devices can accomplish this by making
    SV-77229r1_rule PANW-NM-000062 CCI-000198 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime. Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. Restricting this setting limits the user's ability to change their password. Passwords need to be changed at sp
    SV-77231r1_rule PANW-NM-000063 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed at specific intervals. One method of minimizing this risk is to use complex passwords and periodically change them. If the network device does not lim
    SV-77233r1_rule PANW-NM-000069 CCI-001133 HIGH The Palo Alto Networks security platform must terminate management sessions after 10 minutes of inactivity except to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminat
    SV-77235r1_rule PANW-NM-000075 CCI-001314 MEDIUM Administrators in the role of either Security Administrator or Cryptographic Administrator must not also have the role of Audit Administrator. The Palo Alto Networks security platform has both pre-configured and configurable Administrator roles. Administrator roles determine the functions that the administrator is permitted to perform after logging in. Roles can be assigned directly to an admini
    SV-77237r1_rule PANW-NM-000092 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must automatically lock the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account. This should not be configured in Device >> Setup
    SV-77239r1_rule PANW-NM-000096 CCI-001855 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must generate an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity. If security personnel are not notified immediately upon storage volume utilization reaching 75%, they are unable to plan for storage capacity expansion. This could lead to the loss of audit information. Note that while the network device must generate the
    SV-77241r1_rule PANW-NM-000097 CCI-001858 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must have alarms enabled. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without a real-time alert, security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability, and system operatio
    SV-77243r1_rule PANW-NM-000098 CCI-001891 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must compare internal information system clocks at least every 24 hours with an authoritative time server. Inaccurate time stamps make it more difficult to correlate events and can lead to an inaccurate analysis. Determining the correct time a particular event occurred on a system is critical when conducting forensic analysis and investigating system events.
    SV-77245r1_rule PANW-NM-000099 CCI-002046 LOW The Palo Alto Networks security platform must synchronize internal information system clocks to the authoritative time source when the time difference is greater than one second. Inaccurate time stamps make it more difficult to correlate events and can lead to an inaccurate analysis. Determining the correct time a particular event occurred on a system is critical when conducting forensic analysis and investigating system events. S
    SV-77247r1_rule PANW-NM-000100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must be configured to synchronize internal information system clocks with the primary and secondary time sources located in different geographic regions using redundant authoritative time sources. The loss of connectivity to a particular authoritative time source will result in the loss of time synchronization (free-run mode) and increasingly inaccurate time stamps on audit events and other functions. Multiple time sources provide redundancy by inc
    SV-77249r1_rule PANW-NM-000101 CCI-001890 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must record time stamps for audit records that can be mapped to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). If time stamps are not consistently applied and there is no common time reference, it is difficult to perform forensic analysis. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time and must be expressed in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), als
    SV-77251r1_rule PANW-NM-000110 CCI-001953 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must accept and verify Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credentials. The use of PIV credentials facilitates standardization and reduces the risk of unauthorized access. DoD has mandated the use of the CAC to support identity management and personal authentication for systems covered under HSPD 12 and as a primary componen
    SV-77253r1_rule PANW-NM-000114 CCI-002041 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must allow the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Without providing this capability, an account may be created without a password. Non-repudiation cannot be guaranteed once an account is created if a user is not forced to change the temporary password upon initial logon. Temporary passwords are typicall
    SV-77255r2_rule PANW-NM-000117 CCI-002890 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must only allow the use of secure protocols that implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of maintenance and diagnostic communications for nonlocal maintenance sessions. This requires the use of secure protocols instead of their unsecured counterparts, such as SSH instead of telnet, SCP instead of FTP, and HTTPS instead of HTTP. Note that HTTP OCSP is permitted to support OCSP where used. If unsecured protocols (lacking c
    SV-77257r1_rule PANW-NM-000118 CCI-003123 HIGH The Palo Alto Networks security platform must not use SNMP Versions 1 or 2. SNMP Versions 1 and 2 are not considered secure. Without the strong authentication and privacy that is provided by the SNMP Version 3 User-based Security Model (USM), an unauthorized user can gain access to network management information used to launch an
    SV-77259r1_rule PANW-NM-000128 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must off-load audit records onto a different system or media than the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. The Palo Alto Networks security platform has multiple log ty
    SV-77261r1_rule PANW-NM-000131 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must use automated mechanisms to alert security personnel to threats identified by authoritative sources (e.g., CTOs) and IAW CJCSM 6510.01B. CJCSM 6510.01B, "Cyber Incident Handling Program", in subsection e.(6)(c) sets forth three requirements for Cyber events detected by an automated system; If the cyber event is detected by an automated system, an alert will be sent to the POC designated fo
    SV-77263r2_rule PANW-NM-000136 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must employ centrally managed authentication server(s). The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without
    SV-77267r1_rule PANW-NM-000141 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must use DoD-approved PKI rather than proprietary or self-signed device certificates. DoD Instruction 8520.02, Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and Public Key (PK) Enabling mandates that certificates must be issued by the DoD PKI or by a DoD-approved PKI for authentication, digital signature, or encryption.
    SV-77269r1_rule PANW-NM-000142 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must not use Password Profiles. Password profiles override settings made in the Minimum Password Complexity window. If Password Profiles are used they can bypass password complexity requirements.
    SV-77271r1_rule PANW-NM-000143 CCI-000764 HIGH The Palo Alto Networks security platform must not use the default admin account password. To assure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational administrators must be uniquely identified and authenticated for all network management accesses to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system. The use of a default pa
    SV-77273r1_rule PANW-NM-000144 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must generate an audit log record when the Data Plane CPU utilization is 100%. Auditing and logging are key components of any security architecture. Logging the actions of specific events provides a means to investigate an attack; to recognize resource utilization or capacity thresholds; or to identify an improperly configured netwo
    SV-77275r1_rule PANW-NM-000145 CCI-001967 MEDIUM The Palo Alto Networks security platform must authenticate Network Time Protocol sources. If Network Time Protocol is not authenticated, an attacker can introduce a rogue NTP server. This rogue server can then be used to send incorrect time information to network devices, which will make log timestamps inaccurate and affected scheduled action