Oracle Linux 7 Security Technical Implementation Guide

Description

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: [email protected]

Details

Version / Release: V2R4

Published: 2021-06-14

Updated At: 2021-08-02 18:08:28

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    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-221652r646955_rule OL07-00-010010 CCI-001494 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the file permissions, ownership, and group membership of system files and commands match the vendor values. Discretionary access control is weakened if a user or group has access permissions to system files and directories greater than the default. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000257-GPOS-00098, SRG-OS-000278-GPOS-00108
    SV-221653r603260_rule OL07-00-010020 CCI-001749 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the cryptographic hash of system files and commands matches vendor values. Without cryptographic integrity protections, system command and files can be altered by unauthorized users without detection. Cryptographic mechanisms used for protecting the integrity of information include, for example, signed hash functions using asym
    SV-221654r603260_rule OL07-00-010030 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting local or remote access to the system via a graphical user logon. The display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulati
    SV-221655r603260_rule OL07-00-010040 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must display the approved Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting local or remote access to the system via a graphical user logon. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations,
    SV-221656r603260_rule OL07-00-010050 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting local or remote access to the system via a command line user logon. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations,
    SV-221657r603260_rule OL07-00-010060 CCI-000056 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must enable a user session lock until that user re-establishes access using established identification and authentication procedures. A session lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not want to log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. The session lock is implemented a
    SV-221658r603260_rule OL07-00-010061 CCI-001948 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must uniquely identify and must authenticate users using multifactor authentication via a graphical user logon. To assure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, users must be identified and authenticated to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system. Multifactor solutions that require devices separate from information systems gaining access
    SV-221659r603260_rule OL07-00-010062 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent a user from overriding the screensaver lock-enabled setting for the graphical user interface. A session lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not want to log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. The session lock is implemented a
    SV-221660r603260_rule OL07-00-010070 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must initiate a screensaver after a 15-minute period of inactivity for graphical user interfaces. A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system, but does not log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user
    SV-221661r603260_rule OL07-00-010081 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent a user from overriding the screensaver lock-delay setting for the graphical user interface. A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user t
    SV-221662r603260_rule OL07-00-010082 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent a user from overriding the session idle-delay setting for the graphical user interface. A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user t
    SV-221664r603260_rule OL07-00-010100 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must initiate a session lock for the screensaver after a period of inactivity for graphical user interfaces. A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user t
    SV-221665r603260_rule OL07-00-010101 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent a user from overriding the screensaver idle-activation-enabled setting for the graphical user interface. A session lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not want to log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. The session lock is implemented a
    SV-221666r603260_rule OL07-00-010110 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must initiate a session lock for graphical user interfaces when the screensaver is activated. A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user t
    SV-221667r603260_rule OL07-00-010118 CCI-000192 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that /etc/pam.d/passwd implements /etc/pam.d/system-auth when changing passwords. Pluggable authentication modules (PAM) allow for a modular approach to integrating authentication methods. PAM operates in a top-down processing model and if the modules are not listed in the correct order, an important security function could be bypassed
    SV-221668r603260_rule OL07-00-010119 CCI-000192 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed or new passwords are established, pwquality must be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. "pwquality
    SV-221669r603260_rule OL07-00-010120 CCI-000192 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed or new passwords are established, the new password must contain at least one upper-case character. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221670r603260_rule OL07-00-010130 CCI-000193 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed or new passwords are established, the new password must contain at least one lower-case character. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221671r603260_rule OL07-00-010140 CCI-000194 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed or new passwords are assigned, the new password must contain at least one numeric character. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221672r603260_rule OL07-00-010150 CCI-001619 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed or new passwords are established, the new password must contain at least one special character. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221673r603260_rule OL07-00-010160 CCI-000195 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed a minimum of eight of the total number of characters must be changed. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221674r603260_rule OL07-00-010170 CCI-000195 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed a minimum of four character classes must be changed. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221675r603260_rule OL07-00-010180 CCI-000195 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed the number of repeating consecutive characters must not be more than three characters. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221676r603260_rule OL07-00-010190 CCI-000195 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that when passwords are changed the number of repeating characters of the same character class must not be more than four characters. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-221677r603260_rule OL07-00-010200 CCI-000196 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the PAM system service is configured to store only encrypted representations of passwords. Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords encrypted with a weak algorithm are
    SV-221678r603260_rule OL07-00-010210 CCI-000196 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured to use the shadow file to store only encrypted representations of passwords. Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords encrypted with a weak algorithm are
    SV-221680r603260_rule OL07-00-010220 CCI-000196 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that user and group account administration utilities are configured to store only encrypted representations of passwords. Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords encrypted with a weak algorithm are
    SV-221681r603260_rule OL07-00-010230 CCI-000198 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that passwords for new users are restricted to a 24 hours/1 day minimum lifetime. Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps to prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. If users are allowed to immediately and continually change their password, the password could be repeatedly c
    SV-221682r603260_rule OL07-00-010240 CCI-000198 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that passwords are restricted to a 24 hours/1 day minimum lifetime. Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps to prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. If users are allowed to immediately and continually change their password, the password could be repeatedly c
    SV-221683r603260_rule OL07-00-010250 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that passwords for new users are restricted to a 60-day maximum lifetime. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. If the operating system does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the op
    SV-221684r603260_rule OL07-00-010260 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that existing passwords are restricted to a 60-day maximum lifetime. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. If the operating system does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the op
    SV-221685r603260_rule OL07-00-010270 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that passwords are prohibited from reuse for a minimum of five generations. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. If the information system or application allows the user to reuse their password consecutively when that password
    SV-221686r603260_rule OL07-00-010280 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that passwords are a minimum of 15 characters in length. The shorter the password, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and bru
    SV-221687r603260_rule OL07-00-010290 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not have accounts configured with blank or null passwords. If an account has an empty password, anyone could log on and run commands with the privileges of that account. Accounts with empty passwords should never be used in operational environments.
    SV-221688r603260_rule OL07-00-010300 CCI-000766 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not allow authentication using an empty password. Configuring this setting for the SSH daemon provides additional assurance that remote logon via SSH will require a password, even in the event of misconfiguration elsewhere.
    SV-221689r603260_rule OL07-00-010310 CCI-000795 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must disable account identifiers (individuals, groups, roles, and devices) if the password expires. Inactive identifiers pose a risk to systems and applications because attackers may exploit an inactive identifier and potentially obtain undetected access to the system. Owners of inactive accounts will not notice if unauthorized access to their user acco
    SV-221690r603787_rule OL07-00-010320 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured to lock accounts for a minimum of 15 minutes after three unsuccessful logon attempts within a 15-minute timeframe. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-00002
    SV-221691r603260_rule OL07-00-010330 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must lock the associated account after three unsuccessful root logon attempts are made within a 15-minute period. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-00002
    SV-221692r603260_rule OL07-00-010340 CCI-002038 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that users must provide a password for privilege escalation. Without reauthentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which authorization has not been granted. When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical the user reauthenticate. Satisfies: SR
    SV-221693r603260_rule OL07-00-010430 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the delay between logon prompts following a failed console logon attempt is at least four seconds. Configuring the operating system to implement organization-wide security implementation guides and security checklists verifies compliance with federal standards and establishes a common security baseline across DoD that reflects the most restrictive secu
    SV-221694r603260_rule OL07-00-010440 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not allow an unattended or automatic logon to the system via a graphical user interface. Failure to restrict system access to authenticated users negatively impacts operating system security.
    SV-221695r603260_rule OL07-00-010450 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not allow an unrestricted logon to the system. Failure to restrict system access to authenticated users negatively impacts operating system security.
    SV-221696r603260_rule OL07-00-010460 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not allow users to override SSH environment variables. Failure to restrict system access to authenticated users negatively impacts operating system security.
    SV-221697r603260_rule OL07-00-010470 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not allow a non-certificate trusted host SSH logon to the system. Failure to restrict system access to authenticated users negatively impacts operating system security.
    SV-221698r603260_rule OL07-00-010480 CCI-000213 HIGH Oracle Linux operating systems prior to version 7.2 with a Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) must require authentication upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes. If the system does not require valid root authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader fo
    SV-221699r603260_rule OL07-00-010481 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must require authentication upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes. If the system does not require valid root authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system.
    SV-221700r744071_rule OL07-00-010482 CCI-000213 HIGH Oracle Linux operating systems version 7.2 or newer with a Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) must require authentication upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes. If the system does not require valid authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader for Ora
    SV-221701r603260_rule OL07-00-010490 CCI-000213 HIGH Oracle Linux operating systems prior to version 7.2 using Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) must require authentication upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes. If the system does not require valid root authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader fo
    SV-221702r744074_rule OL07-00-010491 CCI-000213 HIGH Oracle Linux operating systems version 7.2 or newer using Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) must require authentication upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes. If the system does not require valid authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader for Ora
    SV-221703r603260_rule OL07-00-010500 CCI-000767 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must uniquely identify and must authenticate organizational users (or processes acting on behalf of organizational users) using multifactor authentication. To ensure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational users must be identified and authenticated to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system. Organizational users include organizational employees or individuals the orga
    SV-221704r603260_rule OL07-00-020000 CCI-000381 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not have the rsh-server package installed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked, and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the r
    SV-221705r603260_rule OL07-00-020010 CCI-000381 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not have the ypserv package installed. Removing the "ypserv" package decreases the risk of the accidental (or intentional) activation of NIS or NIS+ services.
    SV-221706r754736_rule OL07-00-020019 CCI-001233 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement the Endpoint Security for Linux Threat Prevention tool. Adding endpoint security tools can provide the capability to take actions automatically in response to malicious behavior, which can provide additional agility in reacting to network threats. These tools often include a reporting capability to provide net
    SV-221707r754738_rule OL07-00-020020 CCI-002165 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent non-privileged users from executing privileged functions to include disabling, circumventing, or altering implemented security safeguards/countermeasures. Preventing non-privileged users from executing privileged functions mitigates the risk that unauthorized individuals or processes may gain unnecessary access to information or privileges. Privileged functions include, for example, establishing accounts,
    SV-221708r603260_rule OL07-00-020030 CCI-002699 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that a file integrity tool verifies the baseline operating system configuration at least weekly. Unauthorized changes to the baseline configuration could make the system vulnerable to various attacks or allow unauthorized access to the operating system. Changes to operating system configurations can have unintended side effects, some of which may be
    SV-221709r603260_rule OL07-00-020040 CCI-001744 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that designated personnel are notified if baseline configurations are changed in an unauthorized manner. Unauthorized changes to the baseline configuration could make the system vulnerable to various attacks or allow unauthorized access to the operating system. Changes to operating system configurations can have unintended side effects, some of which may be
    SV-221710r603260_rule OL07-00-020050 CCI-001749 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent the installation of software, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components from a repository without verification they have been digitally signed using a certificate that is issued by a Certificate Authority (CA) that is recognized and approved by the organization. Changes to any software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Accordingly, patches, ser
    SV-221711r603260_rule OL07-00-020060 CCI-001749 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent the installation of software, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components of local packages without verification they have been digitally signed using a certificate that is issued by a Certificate Authority (CA) that is recognized and approved by the organization. Changes to any software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Accordingly, patches, ser
    SV-221712r603260_rule OL07-00-020100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured to disable USB mass storage. USB mass storage permits easy introduction of unknown devices, thereby facilitating malicious activity. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000114-GPOS-00059, SRG-OS-000378-GPOS-00163, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
    SV-221713r603260_rule OL07-00-020101 CCI-001958 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the Datagram Congestion Control Protocol (DCCP) kernel module is disabled unless required. Disabling DCCP protects the system against exploitation of any flaws in the protocol implementation.
    SV-221714r603260_rule OL07-00-020110 CCI-000778 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must disable the file system automounter unless required. Automatically mounting file systems permits easy introduction of unknown devices, thereby facilitating malicious activity. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000114-GPOS-00059, SRG-OS-000378-GPOS-00163, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
    SV-221715r603260_rule OL07-00-020200 CCI-002617 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must remove all software components after updated versions have been installed. Previous versions of software components that are not removed from the information system after updates have been installed may be exploited by adversaries. Some information technology products may remove older versions of software automatically from the
    SV-221716r754740_rule OL07-00-020210 CCI-002165 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must enable SELinux. Without verification of the security functions, security functions may not operate correctly and the failure may go unnoticed. Security function is defined as the hardware, software, and/or firmware of the information system responsible for enforcing the
    SV-221717r603260_rule OL07-00-020230 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the x86 Ctrl-Alt-Delete key sequence is disabled on the command line. A locally logged-on user who presses Ctrl-Alt-Delete, when at the console, can reboot the system. If accidentally pressed, as could happen in the case of a mixed OS environment, this can create the risk of short-term loss of availability of systems due to
    SV-221718r603260_rule OL07-00-020240 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must define default permissions for all authenticated users in such a way that the user can only read and modify their own files. Setting the most restrictive default permissions ensures that when new accounts are created, they do not have unnecessary access.
    SV-221719r603260_rule OL07-00-020250 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be a vendor supported release. An operating system release is considered "supported" if the vendor continues to provide security patches for the product. With an unsupported release, it will not be possible to resolve security issues discovered in the system software.
    SV-221720r603260_rule OL07-00-020260 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system security patches and updates must be installed and up to date. Timely patching is critical for maintaining the operational availability, confidentiality, and integrity of information technology (IT) systems. However, failure to keep operating system and application software patched is a common mistake made by IT prof
    SV-221721r603260_rule OL07-00-020270 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not have unnecessary accounts. Accounts providing no operational purpose provide additional opportunities for system compromise. Unnecessary accounts include user accounts for individuals not requiring access to the system and application accounts for applications not installed on the
    SV-221722r603260_rule OL07-00-020300 CCI-000764 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all Group Identifiers (GIDs) referenced in the /etc/passwd file are defined in the /etc/group file. If a user is assigned the GID of a group not existing on the system, and a group with the GID is subsequently created, the user may have unintended rights to any files associated with the group.
    SV-221723r603260_rule OL07-00-020310 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the root account must be the only account having unrestricted access to the system. If an account other than root also has a User Identifier (UID) of "0", it has root authority, giving that account unrestricted access to the entire operating system. Multiple accounts with a UID of "0" afford an opportunity for potential intruders to gues
    SV-221724r603260_rule OL07-00-020320 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all files and directories have a valid owner. Unowned files and directories may be unintentionally inherited if a user is assigned the same User Identifier (UID) as the UID of the un-owned files.
    SV-221725r603260_rule OL07-00-020330 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all files and directories have a valid group owner. Files without a valid group owner may be unintentionally inherited if a group is assigned the same Group Identifier (GID) as the GID of the files without a valid group owner.
    SV-221727r603260_rule OL07-00-020610 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local interactive user accounts, upon creation, are assigned a home directory. If local interactive users are not assigned a valid home directory, there is no place for the storage and control of owned files.
    SV-221728r603789_rule OL07-00-020620 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local interactive users have a home directory assigned and defined in the /etc/passwd file. If local interactive users are not assigned a valid home directory, there is no place for the storage and control of files they should own. In addition, if a local interactive user has a home directory defined that does not exist, the user may be given ac
    SV-221729r603791_rule OL07-00-020630 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local interactive user home directories have mode 0750 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on local interactive user home directories may allow unauthorized access to user files by other users.
    SV-221730r603793_rule OL07-00-020640 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local interactive user home directories are owned by their respective users. If a local interactive user does not own their home directory, unauthorized users could access or modify the user's files, and the users may not be able to access their own files.
    SV-221731r744076_rule OL07-00-020650 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local interactive user home directories are group-owned by the home directory owners primary group. If the Group Identifier (GID) of a local interactive user's home directory is not the same as the primary GID of the user, this would allow unauthorized access to the user's files, and users that share the same group may not be able to access files that t
    SV-221732r744079_rule OL07-00-020660 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all files and directories contained in local interactive user home directories have a valid owner. Unowned files and directories may be unintentionally inherited if a user is assigned the same User Identifier "UID" as the UID of the un-owned files.
    SV-221733r603260_rule OL07-00-020670 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all files and directories contained in local interactive user home directories are group-owned by a group of which the home directory owner is a member. If a local interactive user's files are group-owned by a group of which the user is not a member, unintended users may be able to access them.
    SV-221734r603260_rule OL07-00-020680 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all files and directories contained in local interactive user home directories have a mode of 0750 or less permissive. If a local interactive user files have excessive permissions, unintended users may be able to access or modify them.
    SV-221735r603797_rule OL07-00-020690 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local initialization files for interactive users are owned by the home directory user or root. Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
    SV-221736r603799_rule OL07-00-020700 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local initialization files for local interactive users are be group-owned by the users primary group or root. Local initialization files for interactive users are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
    SV-221737r603260_rule OL07-00-020710 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local initialization files have mode 0740 or less permissive. Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
    SV-221738r603260_rule OL07-00-020720 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all local interactive user initialization files executable search paths contain only paths that resolve to the users home directory. The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory (other than the user's home directory), executables in the
    SV-221739r603260_rule OL07-00-020730 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that local initialization files do not execute world-writable programs. If user start-up files execute world-writable programs, especially in unprotected directories, they could be maliciously modified to destroy user files or otherwise compromise the system at the user level. If the system is compromised at the user level, i
    SV-221740r603260_rule OL07-00-020900 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all system device files are correctly labeled to prevent unauthorized modification. If an unauthorized or modified device is allowed to exist on the system, there is the possibility the system may perform unintended or unauthorized operations.
    SV-221741r603801_rule OL07-00-021000 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that file systems containing user home directories are mounted to prevent files with the setuid and setgid bit set from being executed. The "nosuid" mount option causes the system not to execute setuid and setgid files with owner privileges. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved setuid and setguid files. Executing files from untrusted file systems i
    SV-221742r603260_rule OL07-00-021010 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent files with the setuid and setgid bit set from being executed on file systems that are used with removable media. The "nosuid" mount option causes the system not to execute "setuid" and "setgid" files with owner privileges. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved "setuid" and "setguid" files. Executing files from untrusted file s
    SV-221743r603260_rule OL07-00-021020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent files with the setuid and setgid bit set from being executed on file systems that are being imported via Network File System (NFS). The "nosuid" mount option causes the system not to execute "setuid" and "setgid" files with owner privileges. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved "setuid" and "setguid" files. Executing files from untrusted file s
    SV-221744r603260_rule OL07-00-021021 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent binary files from being executed on file systems that are being imported via Network File System (NFS). The "noexec" mount option causes the system not to execute binary files. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved binary files, as they may be incompatible. Executing files from untrusted file systems increases the opp
    SV-221747r603260_rule OL07-00-021024 CCI-001764 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must mount /dev/shm with secure options. The "noexec" mount option causes the system to not execute binary files. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved binary files, as they may be incompatible. Executing files from untrusted file systems increases the opp
    SV-221748r744080_rule OL07-00-021030 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all world-writable directories are group-owned by root, sys, bin, or an application group. If a world-writable directory is not group-owned by root, sys, bin, or an application Group Identifier (GID), unauthorized users may be able to modify files created by others. The only authorized public directories are those temporary directories supplie
    SV-221749r603260_rule OL07-00-021040 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must set the umask value to 077 for all local interactive user accounts. The umask controls the default access mode assigned to newly created files. A umask of 077 limits new files to mode 700 or less permissive. Although umask can be represented as a four-digit number, the first digit representing special access modes is typi
    SV-221750r744083_rule OL07-00-021100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must have cron logging implemented. Cron logging can be used to trace the successful or unsuccessful execution of cron jobs. It can also be used to spot intrusions into the use of the cron facility by unauthorized and malicious users.
    SV-221751r603260_rule OL07-00-021110 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the cron.allow file, if it exists, is owned by root. If the owner of the "cron.allow" file is not set to root, the possibility exists for an unauthorized user to view or to edit sensitive information.
    SV-221752r603260_rule OL07-00-021120 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the cron.allow file, if it exists, is group-owned by root. If the group owner of the "cron.allow" file is not set to root, sensitive information could be viewed or edited by unauthorized users.
    SV-221753r603260_rule OL07-00-021300 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must disable Kernel core dumps unless needed. Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. Kernel core dumps may consume a considerable amount of disk space, and may result in denial of service by exhausting the available space on the target file system p
    SV-221754r603803_rule OL07-00-021310 CCI-000366 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that a separate file system is used for user home directories (such as /home or an equivalent). The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.
    SV-221755r603260_rule OL07-00-021320 CCI-000366 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must use a separate file system for /var. The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.
    SV-221756r603260_rule OL07-00-021330 CCI-001849 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must use a separate file system for the system audit data path large enough to hold at least one week of audit data. The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.
    SV-221757r603260_rule OL07-00-021340 CCI-000366 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must use a separate file system for /tmp (or equivalent). The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.
    SV-221758r603260_rule OL07-00-021350 CCI-000068 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must implement NIST FIPS-validated cryptography for the following: to provision digital signatures, to generate cryptographic hashes, and to protect data requiring data-at-rest protections in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, and standards. Use of weak or untested encryption algorithms undermines the purposes of using encryption to protect data. The operating system must implement cryptographic modules that adhere to the higher standards approved by the federal government to ensure they have
    SV-221759r603260_rule OL07-00-021600 CCI-000366 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the file integrity tool is configured to verify Access Control Lists (ACLs). ACLs can provide permissions beyond those permitted through the file mode and must be verified by file integrity tools.
    SV-221760r603260_rule OL07-00-021610 CCI-000366 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the file integrity tool is configured to verify extended attributes. Extended attributes in file systems are used to contain arbitrary data and file metadata with security implications.
    SV-221761r603260_rule OL07-00-021620 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must use a file integrity tool that is configured to use FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hashes for validating file contents and directories. File integrity tools use cryptographic hashes for verifying file contents and directories have not been altered. These hashes must be FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hashes. The Oracle Linux operating system installation media ships with an optional fil
    SV-221762r603260_rule OL07-00-021700 CCI-001813 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not allow removable media to be used as the boot loader unless approved. Malicious users with removable boot media can gain access to a system configured to use removable media as the boot loader. If removable media is designed to be used as the boot loader, the requirement must be documented with the Information System Securi
    SV-221763r603260_rule OL07-00-021710 CCI-000381 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not have the telnet-server package installed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-221764r603260_rule OL07-00-030000 CCI-000131 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that auditing is configured to produce records containing information to establish what type of events occurred, where the events occurred, the source of the events, and the outcome of the events. These audit records must also identify individual identities of group account users. Without establishing what type of events occurred, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack. Audit record content that may be necessary to satisfy this requirement includes, for example,
    SV-221765r603260_rule OL07-00-030010 CCI-000139 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must shut down upon audit processing failure, unless availability is an overriding concern. If availability is a concern, the system must alert the designated staff (System Administrator [SA] and Information System Security Officer [ISSO] at a minimum) in the event of an audit processing failure. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without this notification, the security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability, and system oper
    SV-221767r603260_rule OL07-00-030201 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured to off-load audit logs onto a different system or storage media from the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. One method of off-loading audit logs in Oracle Linux is with
    SV-221768r603260_rule OL07-00-030210 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must take appropriate action when the remote logging buffer is full. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. One method of off-loading audit logs in Oracle Linux is with
    SV-221769r603260_rule OL07-00-030211 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must label all off-loaded audit logs before sending them to the central log server. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. One method of off-loading audit logs in Oracle Linux is with
    SV-221770r603260_rule OL07-00-030300 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must off-load audit records onto a different system or media from the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000342-GPOS-00133, SRG-OS-000479-GPOS-0022
    SV-221771r603260_rule OL07-00-030310 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must encrypt the transfer of audit records off-loaded onto a different system or media from the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000342-GPOS-00133, SRG-OS-000479-GPOS-0022
    SV-221772r603260_rule OL07-00-030320 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the audit system takes appropriate action when the audit storage volume is full. Taking appropriate action in case of a filled audit storage volume will minimize the possibility of losing audit records. One method of off-loading audit logs in Oracle Linux is with the use of the audisp-remote dameon.
    SV-221773r603260_rule OL07-00-030321 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the audit system takes appropriate action when there is an error sending audit records to a remote system. Taking appropriate action when there is an error sending audit records to a remote system will minimize the possibility of losing audit records. One method of off-loading audit logs in Oracle Linux is with the use of the audisp-remote dameon.
    SV-221774r744086_rule OL07-00-030330 CCI-001855 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must initiate an action to notify the System Administrator (SA) and Information System Security Officer (ISSO), at a minimum, when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75 percent of the repository maximum audit record storage capacity. If security personnel are not notified immediately when storage volume reaches 75 percent utilization, they are unable to plan for audit record storage capacity expansion.
    SV-221775r603260_rule OL07-00-030340 CCI-001855 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must immediately notify the System Administrator (SA) and Information System Security Officer (ISSO) (at a minimum) via email when the threshold for the repository maximum audit record storage capacity is reached. If security personnel are not notified immediately when the threshold for the repository maximum audit record storage capacity is reached, they are unable to expand the audit record storage capacity before records are lost.
    SV-221776r603260_rule OL07-00-030350 CCI-001855 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must immediately notify the System Administrator (SA) and Information System Security Officer (ISSO) (at a minimum) when the threshold for the repository maximum audit record storage capacity is reached. If security personnel are not notified immediately when the threshold for the repository maximum audit record storage capacity is reached, they are unable to expand the audit record storage capacity before records are lost.
    SV-221777r603260_rule OL07-00-030360 CCI-002234 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all executions of privileged functions. Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts
    SV-221778r603260_rule OL07-00-030370 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the chown syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221779r603260_rule OL07-00-030380 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the fchown syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221780r603260_rule OL07-00-030390 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the lchown syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221781r603260_rule OL07-00-030400 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the fchownat syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221782r603260_rule OL07-00-030410 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the chmod syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221783r603260_rule OL07-00-030420 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the fchmod syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221784r603260_rule OL07-00-030430 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the fchmodat syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221785r603260_rule OL07-00-030440 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the setxattr syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221786r603260_rule OL07-00-030450 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the fsetxattr syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221787r603260_rule OL07-00-030460 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the lsetxattr syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221788r603260_rule OL07-00-030470 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the removexattr syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221789r603260_rule OL07-00-030480 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the fremovexattr syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221790r603260_rule OL07-00-030490 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the lremovexattr syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221791r603260_rule OL07-00-030500 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the creat syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221792r603260_rule OL07-00-030510 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the open syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221793r603260_rule OL07-00-030520 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the openat syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221794r603260_rule OL07-00-030530 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the open_by_handle_at syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221795r603260_rule OL07-00-030540 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the truncate syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221796r603260_rule OL07-00-030550 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the ftruncate syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-221797r603260_rule OL07-00-030560 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the semanage command. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221798r603260_rule OL07-00-030570 CCI-002884 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the setsebool command. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221799r603260_rule OL07-00-030580 CCI-002884 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the chcon command. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221800r603260_rule OL07-00-030590 CCI-002884 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the setfiles command. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221801r603260_rule OL07-00-030610 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all unsuccessful account access events. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221802r603260_rule OL07-00-030620 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all successful account access events. Without generating audit records that to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be gen
    SV-221803r603260_rule OL07-00-030630 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the passwd command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged password commands. The organization must maintain au
    SV-221804r603260_rule OL07-00-030640 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the unix_chkpwd command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged password commands. The organization must maintain au
    SV-221805r603260_rule OL07-00-030650 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the gpasswd command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged password commands. The organization must maintain au
    SV-221806r603260_rule OL07-00-030660 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the chage command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged password commands. The organization must maintain au
    SV-221807r603260_rule OL07-00-030670 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the userhelper command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged password commands. The organization must maintain au
    SV-221808r603260_rule OL07-00-030680 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the su command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged access commands. The organization must maintain audi
    SV-221809r603260_rule OL07-00-030690 CCI-000130 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the sudo command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged access commands. The organization must maintain audi
    SV-221810r603260_rule OL07-00-030700 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the sudoers file and all files in the /etc/sudoers.d/ directory. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged access commands. The organization must maintain audi
    SV-221811r603260_rule OL07-00-030710 CCI-000130 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the newgrp command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged access commands. The organization must maintain audi
    SV-221812r603260_rule OL07-00-030720 CCI-000130 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the chsh command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged access commands. The organization must maintain audi
    SV-221813r603260_rule OL07-00-030740 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the mount command and syscall. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged mount commands. The organization must maintain audit
    SV-221814r603260_rule OL07-00-030750 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the umount command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged mount commands. The organization must maintain audit
    SV-221815r603260_rule OL07-00-030760 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the postdrop command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged postfix commands. The organization must maintain aud
    SV-221816r603260_rule OL07-00-030770 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the postqueue command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged postfix commands. The organization must maintain aud
    SV-221817r603260_rule OL07-00-030780 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the ssh-keysign command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged ssh commands. The organization must maintain audit t
    SV-221818r603260_rule OL07-00-030800 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the crontab command. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. At a minimum, the organization must audit the full-text recording of privileged commands. The organization must maintain audit trail
    SV-221819r603260_rule OL07-00-030810 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the pam_timestamp_check command. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. When a user logs on,
    SV-221820r603260_rule OL07-00-030819 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the create_module syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit reco
    SV-221821r603260_rule OL07-00-030820 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the init_module syscall. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can b
    SV-221822r603260_rule OL07-00-030821 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the finit_module syscall. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit reco
    SV-221823r603260_rule OL07-00-030830 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the delete_module syscall. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can b
    SV-221824r603260_rule OL07-00-030840 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the kmod command. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can b
    SV-221825r603260_rule OL07-00-030870 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events that affect /etc/passwd. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221826r603260_rule OL07-00-030871 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events that affect /etc/group. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221827r603260_rule OL07-00-030872 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events that affect /etc/gshadow. Without generating audit specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generat
    SV-221828r603260_rule OL07-00-030873 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events that affect /etc/shadow. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221829r744089_rule OL07-00-030874 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events that affect /etc/security/opasswd. Without generating audit records specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be
    SV-221830r603260_rule OL07-00-030880 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the rename syscall. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise. When a user logs on, the auid is set to the uid of th
    SV-221831r603260_rule OL07-00-030890 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the renameat syscall. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise. When a user logs on, the auid is set to the uid of th
    SV-221832r603260_rule OL07-00-030900 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the rmdir syscall. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise. When a user logs on, the auid is set to the uid of th
    SV-221833r603260_rule OL07-00-030910 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the unlink syscall. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise. When a user logs on, the auid is set to the uid of th
    SV-221834r603260_rule OL07-00-030920 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must audit all uses of the unlinkat syscall. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise. When a user logs on, the auid is set to the uid of th
    SV-221835r603260_rule OL07-00-031000 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must send rsyslog output to a log aggregation server. Sending rsyslog output to another system ensures that the logs cannot be removed or modified in the event that the system is compromised or has a hardware failure.
    SV-221836r603260_rule OL07-00-031010 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the rsyslog daemon does not accept log messages from other servers unless the server is being used for log aggregation. Unintentionally running a rsyslog server accepting remote messages puts the system at increased risk. Malicious rsyslog messages sent to the server could exploit vulnerabilities in the server software itself, could introduce misleading information in to t
    SV-221837r603260_rule OL07-00-032000 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must use a virus scan program. Virus scanning software can be used to protect a system from penetration from computer viruses and to limit their spread through intermediate systems. The virus scanning software should be configured to perform scans dynamically on accessed files. If thi
    SV-221838r603260_rule OL07-00-040000 CCI-000054 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must limit the number of concurrent sessions to 10 for all accounts and/or account types. Operating system management includes the ability to control the number of users and user sessions that utilize an operating system. Limiting the number of allowed users and sessions per user is helpful in reducing the risks related to DoS attacks. This r
    SV-221839r603260_rule OL07-00-040100 CCI-000382 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured to prohibit or restrict the use of functions, ports, protocols, and/or services, as defined in the Ports, Protocols, and Services Management Component Local Service Assessment (PPSM CLSA) and vulnerability assessments. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-221840r744090_rule OL07-00-040110 CCI-000068 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux 7 operating system must implement DoD-approved encryption to protect the confidentiality of SSH connections. Unapproved mechanisms for authentication to the cryptographic module are not verified, and therefore cannot be relied upon to provide confidentiality or integrity, resulting in the compromise of DoD data. Operating systems using encryption are required t
    SV-221841r646958_rule OL07-00-040160 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all network connections associated with a communication session are terminated at the end of the session or after 15 minutes of inactivity from the user at a command prompt, except to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminat
    SV-221842r603260_rule OL07-00-040170 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner immediately prior to, or as part of, remote access logon prompts. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the publicly accessible operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, po
    SV-221843r603260_rule OL07-00-040180 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement cryptography to protect the integrity of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) authentication communications. Without cryptographic integrity protections, information can be altered by unauthorized users without detection. Cryptographic mechanisms used for protecting the integrity of information include, for example, signed hash functions using asymmetric crypto
    SV-221844r603260_rule OL07-00-040190 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement cryptography to protect the integrity of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) communications. Without cryptographic integrity protections, information can be altered by unauthorized users without detection. Cryptographic mechanisms used for protecting the integrity of information include, for example, signed hash functions using asymmetric crypto
    SV-221845r603260_rule OL07-00-040200 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement cryptography to protect the integrity of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) communications. Without cryptographic integrity protections, information can be altered by unauthorized users without detection. Cryptographic mechanisms used for protecting the integrity of information include, for example, signed hash functions using asymmetric crypto
    SV-221846r603260_rule OL07-00-040201 CCI-002824 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement virtual address space randomization. Address space layout randomization (ASLR) makes it more difficult for an attacker to predict the location of attack code introduced into a process's address space during an attempt at exploitation. Additionally, ASLR also makes it more difficult for an at
    SV-221847r603260_rule OL07-00-040300 CCI-002422 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all networked systems have SSH installed. Without protection of the transmitted information, confidentiality and integrity may be compromised because unprotected communications can be intercepted and either read or altered. This requirement applies to both internal and external networks and all
    SV-221848r603260_rule OL07-00-040310 CCI-002418 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all networked systems use SSH for confidentiality and integrity of transmitted and received information as well as information during preparation for transmission. Without protection of the transmitted information, confidentiality and integrity may be compromised because unprotected communications can be intercepted and either read or altered. This requirement applies to both internal and external networks and all
    SV-221849r603260_rule OL07-00-040320 CCI-002361 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all network connections associated with SSH traffic are terminated at the end of the session or after 10 minutes of inactivity, except to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements. Terminating an idle SSH session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly term
    SV-221850r603260_rule OL07-00-040330 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not allow authentication using RSA rhosts authentication. Configuring this setting for the SSH daemon provides additional assurance that remote logon via SSH will require a password, even in the event of misconfiguration elsewhere.
    SV-221851r603260_rule OL07-00-040340 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all network connections associated with SSH traffic terminate after a period of inactivity. Terminating an idle SSH session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly term
    SV-221852r603260_rule OL07-00-040350 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not allow authentication using rhosts authentication. Configuring this setting for the SSH daemon provides additional assurance that remote logon via SSH will require a password, even in the event of misconfiguration elsewhere.
    SV-221853r603260_rule OL07-00-040360 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must display the date and time of the last successful account logon upon an SSH logon. Providing users with feedback on when account accesses via SSH last occurred facilitates user recognition and reporting of unauthorized account use.
    SV-221854r603260_rule OL07-00-040370 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not permit direct logons to the root account using remote access via SSH. Even though the communications channel may be encrypted, an additional layer of security is gained by extending the policy of not logging on directly as root. In addition, logging on with a user-specific account provides individual accountability of actio
    SV-221855r603260_rule OL07-00-040380 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not allow authentication using known hosts authentication. Configuring this setting for the SSH daemon provides additional assurance that remote logon via SSH will require a password, even in the event of misconfiguration elsewhere.
    SV-221856r603260_rule OL07-00-040390 CCI-000197 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon is configured to only use the SSHv2 protocol. SSHv1 is an insecure implementation of the SSH protocol and has many well-known vulnerability exploits. Exploits of the SSH daemon could provide immediate root access to the system. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000074-GPOS-00042, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
    SV-221857r744091_rule OL07-00-040400 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon is configured to only use Message Authentication Codes (MACs) employing FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hash algorithms. DoD information systems are required to use FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hash functions. The only SSHv2 hash algorithm meeting this requirement is SHA. The system will attempt to use the first hash presented by the client that matches the server lis
    SV-221858r603260_rule OL07-00-040410 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH public host key files have mode 0644 or less permissive. If a public host key file is modified by an unauthorized user, the SSH service may be compromised.
    SV-221859r603260_rule OL07-00-040420 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH private host key files have mode 0640 or less permissive. If an unauthorized user obtains the private SSH host key file, the host could be impersonated.
    SV-221860r603260_rule OL07-00-040430 CCI-001813 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not permit Generic Security Service Application Program Interface (GSSAPI) authentication unless needed. GSSAPI authentication is used to provide additional authentication mechanisms to applications. Allowing GSSAPI authentication through SSH exposes the system's GSSAPI to remote hosts, increasing the attack surface of the system. GSSAPI authentication must
    SV-221861r603260_rule OL07-00-040440 CCI-001813 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not permit Kerberos authentication unless needed. Kerberos authentication for SSH is often implemented using Generic Security Service Application Program Interface (GSSAPI). If Kerberos is enabled through SSH, the SSH daemon provides a means of access to the system's Kerberos implementation. Vulnerabilit
    SV-221862r603260_rule OL07-00-040450 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon performs strict mode checking of home directory configuration files. If other users have access to modify user-specific SSH configuration files, they may be able to log on to the system as another user.
    SV-221863r603260_rule OL07-00-040460 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon uses privilege separation. SSH daemon privilege separation causes the SSH process to drop root privileges when not needed, which would decrease the impact of software vulnerabilities in the unprivileged section.
    SV-221864r603260_rule OL07-00-040470 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the SSH daemon does not allow compression or only allows compression after successful authentication. If compression is allowed in an SSH connection prior to authentication, vulnerabilities in the compression software could result in compromise of the system from an unauthenticated connection, potentially with root privileges.
    SV-221866r603260_rule OL07-00-040500 CCI-002046 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must, for networked systems, synchronize clocks with a server that is synchronized to one of the redundant United States Naval Observatory (USNO) time servers, a time server designated for the appropriate DoD network (NIPRNet/SIPRNet), and/or the Global Positioning System (GPS). Inaccurate time stamps make it more difficult to correlate events and can lead to an inaccurate analysis. Determining the correct time a particular event occurred on a system is critical when conducting forensic analysis and investigating system events. S
    SV-221867r603260_rule OL07-00-040510 CCI-002385 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must protect against or limit the effects of Denial of Service (DoS) attacks by validating the operating system is implementing rate-limiting measures on impacted network interfaces. DoS is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. When this occurs, the organization either cannot accomplish its mission or must operate at degraded capacity. This requirement addresses the configuration of the operating system t
    SV-221868r603260_rule OL07-00-040520 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must enable an application firewall, if available. Firewalls protect computers from network attacks by blocking or limiting access to open network ports. Application firewalls limit which applications are allowed to communicate over the network. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-002
    SV-221869r603260_rule OL07-00-040530 CCI-000366 LOW The Oracle Linux operating system must display the date and time of the last successful account logon upon logon. Providing users with feedback on when account accesses last occurred facilitates user recognition and reporting of unauthorized account use.
    SV-221870r603260_rule OL07-00-040540 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not contain .shosts files. The .shosts files are used to configure host-based authentication for individual users or the system via SSH. Host-based authentication is not sufficient for preventing unauthorized access to the system, as it does not require interactive identification a
    SV-221871r603260_rule OL07-00-040550 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not contain shosts.equiv files. The shosts.equiv files are used to configure host-based authentication for the system via SSH. Host-based authentication is not sufficient for preventing unauthorized access to the system, as it does not require interactive identification and authenticati
    SV-221872r603260_rule OL07-00-040600 CCI-000366 LOW For Oracle Linux operating systems using DNS resolution, at least two name servers must be configured. To provide availability for name resolution services, multiple redundant name servers are mandated. A failure in name resolution could lead to the failure of security functions requiring name resolution, which may include time synchronization, centralized
    SV-221873r603260_rule OL07-00-040610 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not forward Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) source-routed packets. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest that routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of
    SV-221874r603260_rule OL07-00-040611 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must use a reverse-path filter for IPv4 network traffic when possible on all interfaces. Enabling reverse path filtering drops packets with invalid source addresses received on the interface. It should not be used on systems which are routers for complicated networks, but is helpful for end hosts and routers serving small networks.
    SV-221875r603260_rule OL07-00-040612 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must use a reverse-path filter for IPv4 network traffic when possible by default. Enabling reverse path filtering drops packets with invalid source addresses received on the interface. It should not be used on systems which are routers for complicated networks, but is helpful for end hosts and routers serving small networks.
    SV-221876r603260_rule OL07-00-040620 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not forward Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) source-routed packets by default. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest that routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of
    SV-221877r603260_rule OL07-00-040630 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not respond to Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echoes sent to a broadcast address. Responding to broadcast (ICMP) echoes facilitates network mapping and provides a vector for amplification attacks.
    SV-221878r603260_rule OL07-00-040640 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must prevent Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirect messages from being accepted. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages modify the host's route table and are unauthenticated. An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-mi
    SV-221879r603260_rule OL07-00-040641 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must ignore Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirect messages. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages modify the host's route table and are unauthenticated. An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-mi
    SV-221880r603260_rule OL07-00-040650 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not allow interfaces to perform Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirects by default. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages contain information from the system's route table, possibly revealing portions of the network topology.
    SV-221881r603260_rule OL07-00-040660 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not send Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirects. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages contain information from the system's route table, possibly revealing portions of the network topology.
    SV-221882r603260_rule OL07-00-040670 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Network interfaces configured on The Oracle Linux operating system must not be in promiscuous mode. Network interfaces in promiscuous mode allow for the capture of all network traffic visible to the system. If unauthorized individuals can access these applications, it may allow them to collect information such as logon IDs, passwords, and key exchanges
    SV-221883r603260_rule OL07-00-040680 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured to prevent unrestricted mail relaying. If unrestricted mail relaying is permitted, unauthorized senders could use this host as a mail relay for the purpose of sending spam or other unauthorized activity.
    SV-221884r603260_rule OL07-00-040690 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not have a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server package installed unless needed. The FTP service provides an unencrypted remote access that does not provide for the confidentiality and integrity of user passwords or the remote session. If a privileged user were to log on using this service, the privileged user password could be compro
    SV-221885r603260_rule OL07-00-040700 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must not have the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server package installed if not required for operational support. If TFTP is required for operational support (such as the transmission of router configurations) its use must be documented with the Information System Security Officer (ISSO), restricted to only authorized personnel, and have access control rules establis
    SV-221886r603812_rule OL07-00-040710 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that remote X connections are disabled, unless to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements. The security risk of using X11 forwarding is that the client's X11 display server may be exposed to attack when the SSH client requests forwarding. A system administrator may have a stance in which they want to protect clients that may expose themselves t
    SV-221887r603260_rule OL07-00-040720 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that if the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server is required, the TFTP daemon is configured to operate in secure mode. Restricting TFTP to a specific directory prevents remote users from copying, transferring, or overwriting system files.
    SV-221888r646961_rule OL07-00-040730 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not have a graphical display manager installed unless approved. Internet services not required for system or application processes must not be active to decrease the attack surface of the system. Graphical display managers have a long history of security vulnerabilities and must not be used unless approved and documen
    SV-221889r603260_rule OL07-00-040740 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not be performing packet forwarding unless the system is a router. Routing protocol daemons are typically used on routers to exchange network topology information with other routers. If this software is used when not required, system network information may be unnecessarily transmitted across the network.
    SV-221890r603260_rule OL07-00-040750 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that the Network File System (NFS) is configured to use RPCSEC_GSS. When an NFS server is configured to use RPCSEC_SYS, a selected userid and groupid are used to handle requests from the remote user. The userid and groupid could mistakenly or maliciously be set incorrectly. The RPCSEC_GSS method of authentication uses cer
    SV-221891r603260_rule OL07-00-040800 CCI-000366 HIGH SNMP community strings on the Oracle Linux operating system must be changed from the default. Whether active or not, default Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) community strings must be changed to maintain security. If the service is running with the default authenticators, anyone can gather data about the system and the network and use the
    SV-221892r603260_rule OL07-00-040810 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system access control program must be configured to grant or deny system access to specific hosts and services. If the systems access control program is not configured with appropriate rules for allowing and denying access to system network resources, services may be accessible to unauthorized hosts.
    SV-221893r603260_rule OL07-00-040820 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not have unauthorized IP tunnels configured. IP tunneling mechanisms can be used to bypass network filtering. If tunneling is required, it must be documented with the Information System Security Officer (ISSO).
    SV-221894r603260_rule OL07-00-040830 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must not forward IPv6 source-routed packets. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest that routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of
    SV-221895r603260_rule OL07-00-041001 CCI-001948 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must have the required packages for multifactor authentication installed. Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device. Multifactor
    SV-221896r603260_rule OL07-00-041002 CCI-001953 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement multifactor authentication for access to privileged accounts via pluggable authentication modules (PAM). Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device. Multifactor
    SV-221897r603260_rule OL07-00-041003 CCI-001948 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must implement certificate status checking for PKI authentication. Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device. Multifactor
    SV-221898r603260_rule OL07-00-041010 CCI-002421 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all wireless network adapters are disabled. The use of wireless networking can introduce many different attack vectors into the organization's network. Common attack vectors such as malicious association and ad hoc networks will allow an attacker to spoof a wireless access point (AP), allowing vali
    SV-221899r603260_rule OL07-00-910055 CCI-000162 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must protect audit information from unauthorized read, modification, or deletion. If audit information were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit information, the operating system must protect aud
    SV-228565r603260_rule OL07-00-020231 CCI-000366 HIGH The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so the x86 Ctrl-Alt-Delete key sequence is disabled in the Graphical User Interface. A locally logged-on user who presses Ctrl-Alt-Delete, when at the console, can reboot the system. If accidentally pressed, as could happen in the case of a mixed OS environment, this can create the risk of short-term loss of availability of systems due to
    SV-228566r744092_rule OL07-00-021031 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so that all world-writable directories are owned by root, sys, bin, or an application user. If a world-writable directory is not owned by root, sys, bin, or an application User Identifier (UID), unauthorized users may be able to modify files created by others. The only authorized public directories are those temporary directories supplied with
    SV-228567r603260_rule OL07-00-020111 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must disable the graphical user interface automounter unless required. Automatically mounting file systems permits easy introduction of unknown devices, thereby facilitating malicious activity. Satisfies: SRG-OS-000114-GPOS-00059, SRG-OS-000378-GPOS-00163, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
    SV-228569r603260_rule OL07-00-010350 CCI-002038 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must be configured so users must re-authenticate for privilege escalation. Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization. When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical the user reauthenticate. Satisfies: SRG-O
    SV-228570r754742_rule OL07-00-020220 CCI-002165 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must enable the SELinux targeted policy. Without verification of the security functions, security functions may not operate correctly and the failure may go unnoticed. Security functions are defined as the hardware, software, and/or firmware of the information system responsible for enforcing th
    SV-233306r603298_rule OL07-00-040711 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system SSH daemon must prevent remote hosts from connecting to the proxy display. When X11 forwarding is enabled, there may be additional exposure to the server and client displays if the sshd proxy display is configured to listen on the wildcard address. By default, sshd binds the forwarding server to the loopback address and sets the
    SV-237627r646964_rule OL07-00-010341 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must restrict privilege elevation to authorized personnel. The sudo command allows a user to execute programs with elevated (administrator) privileges. It prompts the user for their password and confirms your request to execute a command by checking a file, called sudoers. If the "sudoers" file is not configured
    SV-237628r646967_rule OL07-00-010342 CCI-002227 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must use the invoking user's password for privilege escalation when using "sudo". The sudoers security policy requires that users authenticate themselves before they can use sudo. When sudoers requires authentication, it validates the invoking user's credentials. If the rootpw, targetpw, or runaspw flags are defined and not disabled, b
    SV-237629r646970_rule OL07-00-010343 CCI-002038 MEDIUM The Oracle Linux operating system must require re-authentication when using the "sudo" command. Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization. When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical the organization requires the user to re-a
    SV-244555r744057_rule OL07-00-010483 CCI-000213 MEDIUM Oracle Linux operating systems version 7.2 or newer booted with a BIOS must have a unique name for the grub superusers account when booting into single-user and maintenance modes. If the system does not require valid authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader for Ora
    SV-244556r744060_rule OL07-00-010492 CCI-000213 MEDIUM Oracle Linux operating systems version 7.2 or newer booted with United Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) must have a unique name for the grub superusers account when booting into single-user mode and maintenance. If the system does not require valid authentication before it boots into single-user or maintenance mode, anyone who invokes single-user or maintenance mode is granted privileged access to all files on the system. GRUB 2 is the default boot loader for Ora