Microsoft Office System 2007

U_MicrosoftOfficeSystem2007_V4R10_Manual-xccdf.xml

Details

Version / Release: V4R10

Published: 2014-01-07

Updated At: 2018-09-23 04:10:00

Actions

Download

Filter

Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description
SV-18643r2_rule DTOO191 - Office MEDIUM ActiveX control initialization method to ensure save behavior. ActiveX controls can adversely affect a computer directly. In addition, malicious code can be used to compromise an ActiveX control and attack a computer. To indicate the safety of an ActiveX control, developers can denote them as Safe For Initialization (SFI). SFI indicates that a control is safe to open and run, and that it is not capable of causing a problem for any computer, regardless of whether it has persisted data values or not. If a control is not marked SFI, it is possible that the control could adversely affect a computer—or it could mean that the developers did not test the control in all situations and are not sure whether it might be compromised in the future. By default, if a control is marked SFI, the application loads the control in safe mode and uses persisted values (if any). If the control is not marked SFI, the application loads the control in unsafe mode with persisted values (if any), or uses the default (first-time initialization) settings. In both situations, the Message Bar informs users that the controls have been disabled and prompts them to respond. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18659r1_rule DTOO196 - Office MEDIUM Do not allow a mix of policy and user locations for Office Products. When Microsoft Office Access™ 2007, Excel® 2007, PowerPoint® 2007, and Word 2007 files are opened from trusted locations, all the content in the files is enabled and active. Users are not notified about any potential risks that might be contained in the files, such as unsigned macros, ActiveX controls, or links to content on the Internet. By default, users can specify any location as a trusted location, and a computer can have a combination of user-created, OCT-created, and Group Policy–created trusted locations.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18661r1_rule DTOO181 - Office CCI-000366 LOW Do not allow choice of output to include PNG (Portable Network Graphics) Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007 can save graphic files in Portable Network Graphics (PNG) format to improve the quality of the graphics when documents are saved as Web pages. The PNG graphic file format (.png) is used for a wide range of graphics, from small images (such as bullets and banners) to complex images (such as photographs), and can offer better image fidelity and smaller file sizes than some other formats. However, PNG graphics cannot be displayed by many earlier Web browsers, such as Microsoft Internet Explorer® version 5 or earlier. By default, Office applications do not save graphics in the PNG format. To change this functionality, users can open the application's Options dialog box, click Advanced, click Web Options, and then select the Allow PNG as a graphics format check box. This setting can be used to guard against theoretical future zero-day attacks that might target PNG files. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18669r1_rule DTOO213 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Block Office from receiving updates from the Office Update Site. Obtaining updates from the Office Update site allows users to ensure that their 2007 Microsoft Office installation is kept up to date. However, in many situations administrators will want users to obtain their updates from a local server at the time of their choosing, often by pushing out the updates using a tool such as SMS. This approach allows administrators to ensure greater availability by testing updates, and using a change and configuration management process to ensure that updates are implemented consistently throughout the organization.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18701r1_rule DTOO212 - Office MEDIUM Control Blogging entries created from inside Office products. The blogging feature in Word 2007 enables users to compose blog entries and post them to their blogs directly from Word, without using any additional software. By default, users can post blog entries to any compatible blogging service provider, including Windows Live Spaces, Blogger, a SharePoint or Community Server site, and others. If your organization has policies that govern the posting of blog entries, allowing users to access the blogging feature in Word 2007 might enable them to violate those policies. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18782r1_rule DTOO200 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Allow users with earlier versions of Office to read with browsers - System The Windows Rights Management Add-on for Internet Explorer provides a way for users who do not use the 2007 Office release to view, but not alter, files with restricted permissions. By default, IRM-enabled files are saved in a format that cannot be viewed by using the Windows Rights Management Add-on. If this setting is enabled, an embedded rights-managed HTML version of the content is saved with each IRM-enabled file, which can be viewed in Internet Explorer using the add-on. This configuration increases the size of rights-managed files, in some cases significantly.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18714r1_rule DTOO177 - Office MEDIUM Disable access to updates, add-ins, and patches on the Office Online Website - Office. Having access to updates, add-ins, and patches on the Office Online Web site can help users ensure that their computers are up to date and equipped with the latest security patches. However, to ensure that updates are tested and applied in a consistent manner, many organizations prefer to roll out updates using a centralized mechanism such as Microsoft Systems Center or Windows Server Update Services. By default, users are allowed to download updates, add-ins, and patches from the Office Online Web site to keep their 2007 Office applications running smoothly and securely. If your organization has policies that govern the use of external resources such as Office Online, allowing users to download updates might cause them to violate these policies. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18717r1_rule DTOO186 - Office MEDIUM Disable the ability for users to Disable Trust Bar notifications for Security messages - Office The Message Bar in 2007 Office applications is used to identify security issues, such as unsigned macros or potentially unsafe add-ins. When such issues are detected, the application disables the unsafe feature or content and displays the Message Bar at the top of the active window. The Message Bar informs the users about the nature of the security issue and, in some cases, provides the users with an option to enable the potentially unsafe feature or content, which could harm the user's computer. By default, if a 2007 Office application detects a security issue, the Message Bar is displayed. However, this configuration can be modified by users in the Trust Center. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18740r1_rule DTOO207 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Always show Document Information Panel Beaconing UI - Office InfoPath 2007 can be used to create custom Document Information Panels that can be attached to Excel 2007 workbooks, PowerPoint 2007 presentations, and Word 2007 documents. A malicious user could insert a Web beacon into an InfoPath form that is used to create a custom Document Information Panel. Web beacons can be used to contact an external server when users open the form. Information could be gathered by the form, or information entered by users could be sent to an external server and cause them to be vulnerable to additional attacks. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18747r1_rule DTOO184 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Disable the "Enable Customer Experience Improvement Program" for Office. When users choose to participate in the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP), 2007 Office applications automatically send information to Microsoft about how the applications are used. This information is combined with other CEIP data to help Microsoft solve problems and to improve the products and features customers use most often. This feature does not collect users' names, addresses, or any other identifying information except the IP address that is used to send the data. By default, users have the opportunity to opt into participation in the CEIP the first time they run an Office application. If your organization has policies that govern the use of external resources such as the CEIP, allowing users to opt in to the program might cause them to violate these policies. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18755r1_rule DTOO190 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Set encryption type for password protected Office 97 thru Office 2003 files - Office If unencrypted files are intercepted, sensitive information in the files can be compromised. To protect information confidentiality, Microsoft Office application files can be encrypted and password protected. Only users who know the correct password will be able to decrypt such files. By default, Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007 use Office 97/2000 Compatible encryption, a proprietary encryption method, to encrypt password-protected Office 97-2003 files. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18758r1_rule DTOO189 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Encryption type for password protected Open XML files - Office If unencrypted files are intercepted, sensitive information in the files can be compromised. To protect information confidentiality, 2007 Office application files can be encrypted and password protected. Only users who know the correct password will be able to decrypt such files. On computers that run Windows Vista, the default cryptographic service provider (CSP) is Microsoft Enhanced RSA and AES Cryptographic Provider, AES-128, 128-bit. On computers that run Windows XP, the default CSP is Microsoft Enhanced RSA and AES Cryptographic Provider (Prototype), AES-128, 128-bit. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18770r1_rule DTOO182 - Office MEDIUM Configure the Help Improve Proofing Tools feature for Office. The Help Improve Proofing Tools feature collects data about use of the Proofing Tools, such as additions to the custom dictionary, and sends it to Microsoft. After about six months, the feature stops sending data to Microsoft and deletes the data collection file from the user's computer. Although this feature does not intentionally collect personal information, some of the content that is sent could include items that were marked as spelling or grammar errors, such as proper names and account numbers. However, any numbers such as account numbers, street addresses, and phone numbers are converted to zeroes when the data is collected. Microsoft uses this information solely to improve the effectiveness of the Office Proofing Tools, not to identify users. By default, this feature is enabled if users choose to participate in the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP). If your organization has policies that govern the use of external resources such as the CEIP, allowing the use of the Help Improve Proofing Tools feature might cause them to violate these policies. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18802r1_rule DTOO205 - Office 2007 MEDIUM Enable the "Disable Check for Solutions" in Office. Office Diagnostics collects relevant diagnostic information when Office applications crash and prompts users to transmit the data to Microsoft, directs them to a Web page that contains information about the crash and, if possible, advice about resolving the issue and preventing future crashes. Any data transmitted to Microsoft is anonymous and includes no personally identifiable information, in accordance with the Microsoft Office privacy statement. However, some organizations might have security policies that prevent information about their computers from being sent externally under any circumstances. By default, when a 2007 Office application crashes, Office Diagnostics prompts users and then connects to Microsoft servers to transmit information about the crash. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18814r1_rule DTOO194 - Office MEDIUM Configure the "disable hyperlink warnings" for Office to Disable. Unsafe hyperlinks are links that might pose a security risk if users click them. Clicking an unsafe link could compromise the security of sensitive information or harm the computer. Links that 2007 Office considers unsafe include links to executable files, TIFF files, and Microsoft Document Imaging (MDI) files. Other unsafe links are those that use protocols considered to be unsafe, including msn, nntp, mms, outlook, and stssync. By default, 2007 Office applications notify users about unsafe hyperlinks and disable them until users enable them. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18816r1_rule DTOO206 - Office MEDIUM Disable inclusion of document properties for PDF and XPS output - Office. By default, if the Microsoft Save as PDF or XPS Add-in for 2007 Microsoft Office Programs add-in is installed, document properties are saved as metadata when users save files using the PDF or XPS or Publish as PDF or XPS commands in Access 2007, Excel 2007, InfoPath 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007, unless the Document properties option is unchecked in the Options dialog box. If this metadata contains sensitive information, saving it with the file could compromise security.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18818r1_rule DTOO198 - Office MEDIUM Disable the ability for Office users to use the Internet Fax Feature. Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007 users can use the Internet Fax feature to send documents to fax recipients through an Internet fax service provider. If your organization has policies that govern the time, place, or manner in which faxes are sent, this feature could help users evade those policies. By default, 2007 Office users can use the Internet Fax feature. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18820r1_rule DTOO202 - Office MEDIUM Disable Microsoft passport Service for content with restricted permissions - Office. The Information Rights Management feature of the 2007 Microsoft Office release allows individuals and administrators to specify access permissions to Word 2007 documents, Excel 2007 workbooks, PowerPoint 2007 presentations, and Outlook 2007 e-mail messages. This capability helps prevent sensitive information from being printed, forwarded, or copied by unauthorized people. Users protect content using digital certificates obtained through Windows Rights Management Services (RMS) or by using a Windows Live ID (formerly Microsoft .NET Passport) account. By default, when a user opens a rights-managed file created with a Windows Live ID, the application connects to a licensing server to verify the user's credentials and to download a license that defines the level of access the user has to the file. If your organization has policies that govern access to external services such as Windows Live ID, this capability could allow users to violate those policies. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18824r1_rule DTOO183 - Office MEDIUM Disable the Opt-In Wizard that enables first time users to opt into Internet–based Microsoft services. By default, the Opt-in Wizard displays the first time users run a 2007 Microsoft Office application, which allows them to opt into Internet–based services that will help improve their Office experience, such as Microsoft Update, the Customer Experience Improvement Program, Office Diagnostics, and Online Help. If your organization has policies that govern the use of such external resources, allowing users to opt in to these services might cause them to violate the policies.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18826r1_rule DTOO195 - Office MEDIUM Configure the "Disable Password to Open UI" for password secured documents. If 2007 Office users add passwords to documents, other users can be prevented from opening the documents. This capability can provide an extra level of protection to documents that are already protected by access control lists, or provide a means of securing documents that are not protected by file-level security. By default, users can add passwords to Excel 2007 workbooks, PowerPoint 2007 presentations, and Word 2007 documents from the Save or Save As dialog box by clicking Tools, clicking General Options, and entering appropriate passwords to open or modify the documents. If this configuration is changed, users will not be able to enter passwords in the General Options dialog box, which means they will not be able to password protect documents. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18834r1_rule DTOO197 - Office MEDIUM Disable Smart Documents use of Manifests in Office An XML expansion pack is the group of files that constitutes a Smart Document in Excel 2007 and Word 2007. You package one or more components that provide the logic needed for a Smart Document by using an XML expansion pack. These components can include any type of file, including XML schemas, Extensible Stylesheet Language Transforms (XSLTs), dynamic-link libraries (DLLs), and image files, as well as additional XML files, HTML files, Word files, Excel files, and text files. The key component to building an XML expansion pack is creating an XML expansion pack manifest file. By creating this file, you specify the locations of all files that make up the XML expansion pack, as well as information that instructs 2007 Office how to set up the files for your Smart Document. The XML expansion pack can also contain information about how to set up some files, such as how to install and register a COM object required by the XML expansion pack. XML expansion packs can be used to initialize and load malicious code, which might affect the stability of a computer and lead to data loss. By default, 2007 Office applications can load an XML expansion pack manifest file with a Smart Document. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18836r1_rule DTOO208 - Office MEDIUM Disable the Office client from polling the Sharepoint server for published links. By default, users of 2007 Office applications can see and use links to Microsoft Office SharePoint Server sites from those applications. Administrators configure published links to Office applications during initial deployment, and can add or change links as part of regular operations. These links appear on the My SharePoint Sites tab of the Open, Save, and Save As dialog boxes when opening and saving documents from these applications. Links can be targeted so that they only appear to users who are members of particular audiences. If a malicious person gains access to the list of published links, they could modify the links to point to unapproved sites, which could make sensitive data vulnerable to exposure. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18906r1_rule DTOO201 - Office MEDIUM Always require users to connect to verify permissions - Office. By default, users are not required to connect to the network to verify permissions. If users do not need their licenses confirmed when attempting to open 2007 Office documents, they might be able to access documents after their licenses have been revoked. Also, it is not possible to log the usage of files with restricted permissions if users' licenses are not confirmed.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18922r1_rule DTOO185 - Office MEDIUM Disable Automatic receiving of small updates to improve reliability - Office. Office Diagnostics is used to improve the user experience by periodically downloading a small file to the computer with updated help information about specific problems. If Office Diagnostics is enabled, it collects information about specific errors and the IP address of the computer. When new help information is available, that help information is downloaded to the computer that experienced the related problems. Office Diagnostics does not transmit any personally identifiable information to Microsoft other than the IP address of the computer requesting the update. By default, users have the opportunity to opt into receiving updates from Office Diagnostics the first time they run a 2007 Office application. If your organization has policies that govern the use of external resources such as Office Diagnostics, allowing users to opt in to this feature might cause them to violate these policies. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18924r1_rule DTOO193 - Office MEDIUM Enable Automation Security to enforce macro level security in Office documents By default, when a separate program is used to launch Microsoft Office Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, or Word 2007 programmatically, any macros can run in the programmatically opened application without being blocked. This functionality could allow an attacker to use automation to run malicious code in Excel, PowerPoint, or Word.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECPC-1
SV-18937r1_rule DTOO203 - Office MEDIUM Legacy format signatures should be enabled - Office By default, 2007 Office applications use the XML–based XMLDSIG format to attach digital signatures to documents, including Office 97-2003 binary documents. XMLDSIG signatures are not recognized by Office 2003 applications or previous versions. If an Office 2003 user opens an Excel, PowerPoint, or Word binary document with an XMLDSIG signature attached, the signature will be lost.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18939r2_rule DTOO192 - Office MEDIUM Disable Load controls in forms3 - Office ActiveX controls are Component Object Model (COM) objects and have unrestricted access to users' computers. ActiveX controls can access the local file system and change the registry settings of the operating system. If a malicious user repurposes an ActiveX control to take over a user's computer, the effect could be significant. To help improve security, ActiveX developers can mark controls as Safe For Initialization (SFI), which means that the developer states that the controls are safe to open and run and not capable of causing harm to any computers. If a control is not marked SFI, the control could adversely affect a computer—or it's possible the developers did not test the control in all situations and are not sure whether their control might be compromised at some future date. SFI controls run in safe mode, which limits their access to the computer. For example, a worksheet control can both read and write files when it is in unsafe mode, but perhaps only read from files when it is in safe mode. This functionality allows the control to be used in very powerful ways when safety wasn't important, but the control would still be safe for use in a Web page. If a control is not marked as SFI, it is marked Unsafe For Initialization (UFI), which means that it is capable of affecting a user's computer. If UFI ActiveX controls are loaded, they are always loaded in unsafe mode. This setting allows administrators to control how ActiveX controls in UserForms should be initialized based upon whether they are SFI or UFI. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18956r1_rule DTOO179 - Office MEDIUM Disable "Open documents as Read Write when browsing" feature. - Office By default, when users browse to an 2007 Office document on a Web server using Internet Explorer, the appropriate application opens the file in read-only mode. However, if the default configuration is changed, the document is opened as read/write. Users could potentially make changes to documents and resave them in situations where the Web server security is not configured to prevent such changes.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18968r1_rule DTOO199 - Office MEDIUM Prevent permissions change on 'rights managed' content - Office The Information Rights Management feature of the 2007 Office release allows individuals and administrators to specify access permissions to Word 2007 documents, Excel 2007 workbooks, PowerPoint 2007 presentations, InfoPath 2007 templates and forms, and Outlook 2007 e-mail messages. This functionality helps prevent sensitive information from being printed, forwarded, or copied by unauthorized people. This setting can be used to prevent 2007 Office users from changing the IRM permissions of a document. If this setting is Enabled, users can open and edit documents for which they have the appropriate permissions, but they cannot create new rights-managed content, add IRM to existing documents, change existing IRM permissions, or remove IRM from documents. This configuration can prevent users from making effective use of IRM to protect documents System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18972r1_rule DTOO178 - Office MEDIUM Prevent upload of document templates to Office Online. By default, 2007 Office users can share Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007 templates they create with other Microsoft Office users around the world by uploading them to the community area of the Microsoft Office Online Web site. If your organization has policies that govern the use of external resources such as Office Online, allowing users to upload templates might enable them to violate those policies.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18974r1_rule DTOO188 - Office MEDIUM Protect document metadata for password protected files - Office By default, when an Office Open XML document is protected with a password and saved, any metadata associated with the document is encrypted along with the rest of the document's contents. If this configuration is changed, potentially sensitive information such as the document author and hyperlink references could be exposed to unauthorized people. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18976r1_rule DTOO187 - Office MEDIUM Protect document metadata for rights managed Office Open XML fiiles - Office By default, when Information Rights Management (IRM) is used to restrict access to an Office Open XML document, any metadata associated with the document is not encrypted. This configuration could allow potentially sensitive information such as the document author and hyperlink references to be exposed to unauthorized people.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-18983r1_rule DTOO180 - Office MEDIUM Do Not rely on Vector markup Language (VML) for displaying graphics in browsers. When saving documents as Web pages, Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007 can save vector–based graphics in Vector Markup Language (VML), which enables Internet Explorer to display them smoothly at any resolution. By default, when saving VML graphics, 2007 Office applications also save copies of the graphics in a standard raster file format (GIF or PNG) for use by browsers that cannot display VML. If the Rely on VML for displaying graphics in browsers check box in the Web Options dialog box is selected, applications will not save raster copies of VML graphics, which means those graphics will not display in non-Microsoft browsers. System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-19036r1_rule DTOO204 - Office MEDIUM Enable the feature to suppress external Signature Services Menu for Office. By default, users can select Add Signature Services (from the Signature Line drop-down menu on the Insert tab of the Ribbon in Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, and Word 2007) to see a list of signature service providers on the Microsoft Office Web site. If your organization has policies that govern the use of external resources such as signature providers or Office Marketplace, allowing users to access the Add Signature Services menu item might enable them to violate those policies.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-32370r1_rule DTOO287 MEDIUM The most current Office 2007 service pack is not installed. Failure to install the most current Office service pack leaves a system vulnerable to exploitation. Current service packs correct known security and system vulnerabilities. If Microsoft Office installation is not at most current service pack this is a Category II finding. If Microsoft Office installation is at an unsupported service pack this will be upgraded to a Category I finding since new vulnerabilities may not be patched.Unsupported Service Packs will be upgraded to a Category I finding.System AdministratorVIVM-1