MS SQL Server 2014 Instance Security Technical Implementation Guide

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]

Details

Version / Release: V1R9

Published: 2018-09-18

Updated At: 2018-11-03 10:28:31

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Drop CKL or SCAP (XCCDF) results here.

    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-81877r2_rule SQL4-00-024500 CCI-001199 MEDIUM The Service Master Key must be backed up, stored offline and off-site. Backup and recovery of the Service Master Key may be critical to the complete recovery of the database. Not having this key can lead to loss of data during recovery.
    SV-82247r1_rule SQL4-00-000100 CCI-000054 MEDIUM The number of concurrent SQL Server sessions for each system account must be limited. A variety of technologies exist to limit or, in some cases, eliminate the effects of DoS attacks. For example, boundary protection devices can filter certain types of packets to protect devices on an organization’s internal network from being directly a
    SV-82249r1_rule SQL4-00-030300 CCI-000015 MEDIUM SQL Server authentication and identity management must be integrated with an organization-level authentication/access mechanism providing account management and automation for all users, groups, roles, and any other principals. Enterprise environments make account management for applications and databases challenging and complex. A manual process for account management functions adds the risk of a potential oversight or other error. Managing accounts for the same person in multi
    SV-82251r1_rule SQL4-00-002010 CCI-000213 MEDIUM SQL Server must enforce approved authorizations for logical access to server-level system resources in accordance with applicable access control policies. Authentication with a DoD-approved PKI certificate does not necessarily imply authorization to access the SQL Server instance and server-level resources. To mitigate the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive information by entities that have been issu
    SV-82253r1_rule SQL4-00-023700 CCI-000166 MEDIUM SQL Server must protect against an individual using a shared account from falsely denying having performed a particular action. Non-repudiation of actions taken is required in order to maintain application integrity. Examples of particular actions taken by individuals include creating information, sending a message, approving information (e.g., indicating concurrence or signing a
    SV-82255r1_rule SQL4-00-011300 CCI-000171 MEDIUM Where SQL Server Trace is in use for auditing purposes, SQL Server must allow only the ISSM (or individuals or roles appointed by the ISSM) to select which auditable events are to be traced. Without the capability to restrict which roles and individuals can select which events are audited, unauthorized personnel may be able to prevent or interfere with the auditing of critical events. Suppression of auditing could permit an adversary to evad
    SV-82257r1_rule SQL4-00-011310 CCI-000171 MEDIUM Where SQL Server Audit is in use, SQL Server must allow only the ISSM (or individuals or roles appointed by the ISSM) to select which auditable events are to be audited at the server level. Without the capability to restrict which roles and individuals can select which events are audited, unauthorized personnel may be able to prevent or interfere with the auditing of critical events. Suppression of auditing could permit an adversary to evad
    SV-82259r2_rule SQL4-00-011410 CCI-000172 MEDIUM Where SQL Server Audit is in use, SQL Server must generate audit records when privileges/permissions are retrieved. The system must monitor who/what is reading privilege/permission/role information. This requirement addresses explicit requests for privilege/permission/role membership information. It does not refer to the implicit retrieval of privileges/permissions/ro
    SV-82261r2_rule SQL4-00-030410 CCI-000172 MEDIUM Where SQL Server Audit is in use, SQL Server must generate audit records when unsuccessful attempts to retrieve privileges/permissions occur. Under some circumstances, it may be useful to monitor who/what is reading privilege/permission/role information. Therefore, it must be possible to configure auditing to do this. DBMSs typically make such information available through views or functions.
    SV-82263r1_rule SQL4-00-011900 CCI-000131 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records containing sufficient information to establish when the events occurred. Information system auditing capability is critical for accurate forensic analysis. Audit record content which may be necessary to satisfy the requirement of this control includes, but is not limited to: time stamps, source and destination addresses, user
    SV-82265r2_rule SQL4-00-012000 CCI-000132 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records containing sufficient information to establish where the events occurred. Information system auditing capability is critical for accurate forensic analysis. Audit record content which may be necessary to satisfy the requirement of this control includes, but is not limited to: time stamps, source and destination addresses, user
    SV-82267r2_rule SQL4-00-012100 CCI-000133 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records containing sufficient information to establish the sources (origins) of the events. Information system auditing capability is critical for accurate forensic analysis. Audit record content which may be necessary to satisfy the requirement of this control includes, but is not limited to: time stamps, source and destination addresses, user
    SV-82269r2_rule SQL4-00-012200 CCI-000134 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records containing sufficient information to establish the outcome (success or failure) of the events. Information system auditing capability is critical for accurate forensic analysis. Audit record content which may be necessary to satisfy the requirement of this control includes, but is not limited to: time stamps, source and destination addresses, user
    SV-82271r2_rule SQL4-00-012300 CCI-001487 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records containing sufficient information to establish the identity of any user/subject associated with the event. Information system auditing capability is critical for accurate forensic analysis. Audit record content which may be necessary to satisfy the requirement of this control includes: time stamps, source and destination addresses, user/process identifiers, e
    SV-82273r1_rule SQL4-00-012400 CCI-000135 MEDIUM SQL Server must include organization-defined additional, more detailed information in Trace or Audit records for events identified by type, location, or subject. SQL Server auditing capability is critical for accurate forensic analysis. Audit record content which may be necessary to satisfy the requirement of this control includes: time stamps, source and destination addresses, user/process identifiers, event des
    SV-82275r1_rule SQL4-00-013000 CCI-000140 MEDIUM Unless it has been determined that availability is paramount, SQL Server must shut down upon the failure of an Audit, or a Trace used for auditing purposes, to include the unavailability of space for more audit/trace log records. It is critical that when SQL Server is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required, it take action to mitigate the failure. Audit processing failures include: software/hardware errors; failures in the audit capturing mechanisms; and audit storage
    SV-82277r4_rule SQL4-00-030600 CCI-000140 HIGH Where availability is paramount, the SQL Server must continue processing (preferably overwriting existing records, oldest first), in the event of lack of space for more Audit/Trace log records; and must keep processing after any failure of an Audit/Trace. It is critical that when SQL Server is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required, it take action to mitigate the failure. Audit processing failures include: software/hardware errors; failures in the audit capturing mechanisms; and audit storage
    SV-82279r2_rule SQL4-00-013600 CCI-000162 MEDIUM The audit information produced by SQL Server must be protected from unauthorized read access. If audit data were to become compromised, competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity would be difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. In addition, access to audit records provides information an
    SV-82281r2_rule SQL4-00-013700 CCI-000163 MEDIUM The audit information produced by SQL Server must be protected from unauthorized modification. If audit data were to become compromised, competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity would be impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the information system and/or the applic
    SV-82283r2_rule SQL4-00-013800 CCI-000164 MEDIUM The audit information produced by SQL Server must be protected from unauthorized deletion. If audit data were to become compromised, competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity would be impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the information system and/or the applic
    SV-82285r2_rule SQL4-00-013900 CCI-001493 MEDIUM Audit tools used in, or in conjunction with, SQL Server must be protected from unauthorized access. Protecting audit data also includes identifying and protecting the tools used to view and manipulate log data. Depending upon the log format and application, system and application log tools may provide the only means to manipulate and manage applicati
    SV-82293r1_rule SQL4-00-014000 CCI-001494 MEDIUM SQL Server and/or the operating system must protect its audit configuration from unauthorized modification. Protecting audit data also includes identifying and protecting the tools used to view and manipulate log data. Therefore, protecting audit tools is necessary to prevent unauthorized operation on audit data. Applications providing tools to interface with
    SV-82295r1_rule SQL4-00-014100 CCI-001495 MEDIUM SQL Server and the operating system must protect SQL Server audit features from unauthorized removal. Protecting audit data also includes identifying and protecting the tools used to view and manipulate log data. Therefore, protecting audit tools is necessary to prevent unauthorized operation on audit data. Applications providing tools to interface with
    SV-82297r1_rule SQL4-00-015350 CCI-001499 MEDIUM Software, applications, and configuration files that are part of, or related to, the SQL Server installation must be monitored to discover unauthorized changes. When dealing with change control issues, it should be noted, any changes to the hardware, software, and/or firmware components of applications and tools related to SQL Server can potentially have significant effects on the overall security of the system.
    SV-82299r1_rule SQL4-00-015300 CCI-001499 MEDIUM SQL Server security-relevant configuration settings must be monitored to discover unauthorized changes. When dealing with change control issues, it should be noted, any changes to security-relevant configuration settings of SQL Server can potentially have significant effects on the overall security of the system. If SQL Server were to allow any user to mak
    SV-82301r1_rule SQL4-00-015400 CCI-001499 MEDIUM SQL Server software installation account(s) must be restricted to authorized users. When dealing with change control issues, it should be noted, any changes to the hardware, software, and/or firmware components of the information system and/or application can potentially have significant effects on the overall security of the system. If
    SV-82303r2_rule SQL4-00-015500 CCI-001499 LOW Database software directories, including SQL Server configuration files, must be stored in dedicated directories, separate from the host OS and other applications. When dealing with change control issues, it should be noted, any changes to the hardware, software, and/or firmware components of the information system and/or application can potentially have significant effects on the overall security of the system. Mu
    SV-82305r1_rule SQL4-00-030700 CCI-001499 MEDIUM The role(s)/group(s) used to modify database structure (including but not necessarily limited to tables, indexes, storage, etc.) and logic modules (stored procedures, functions, triggers, links to software external to SQL Server, etc.) must be restricted to authorized users. If SQL Server were to allow any user to make changes to database structure or logic, then those changes might be implemented without undergoing the appropriate testing and approvals that are part of a robust change management process. Accordingly, only q
    SV-82307r1_rule SQL4-00-016200 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the publicly available Northwind sample database removed. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). It is det
    SV-82309r1_rule SQL4-00-016300 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the publicly available pubs sample database removed. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). It is det
    SV-82311r1_rule SQL4-00-016310 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the publicly available AdventureWorks sample database removed. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). It is det
    SV-82313r1_rule SQL4-00-016500 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82315r1_rule SQL4-00-016600 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS) software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82317r1_rule SQL4-00-016700 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82319r1_rule SQL4-00-016800 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS) software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82321r1_rule SQL4-00-016805 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Distributed Replay Client software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82323r1_rule SQL4-00-016810 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Distributed Replay Controller software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82325r1_rule SQL4-00-016815 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Full-Text Search software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82327r1_rule SQL4-00-016820 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Master Data Services software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82329r1_rule SQL4-00-016826 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the SQL Server Replication software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82331r1_rule SQL4-00-016830 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Data Quality Client software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82333r1_rule SQL4-00-016835 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Data Quality Services software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82335r1_rule SQL4-00-016845 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Client Tools SDK software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82337r1_rule SQL4-00-016850 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Management Tools software component removed if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82339r1_rule SQL4-00-016855 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SQL Server must have the Filestream feature disabled if it is unused. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default or selected for installation by an administrator, may not be necessary to support essential organizational opera
    SV-82341r2_rule SQL4-00-017000 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Unused database components that are integrated in SQL Server and cannot be uninstalled must be disabled. SQL Server is capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). It is detrimental f
    SV-82343r1_rule SQL4-00-017100 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The SQL Server default account [sa] must be disabled. SQL Server's [sa] account has special privileges required to administer the database. The [sa] account is a well-known SQL Server account and is likely to be targeted by attackers and thus more prone to providing unauthorized access to the database. This
    SV-82345r1_rule SQL4-00-010200 CCI-000381 LOW SQL Server default account [sa] must have its name changed. SQL Server's [sa] account has special privileges required to administer the database. The [sa] account is a well-known SQL Server account name and is likely to be targeted by attackers, and is thus more prone to providing unauthorized access to the databa
    SV-82347r1_rule SQL4-00-017200 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Access to xp_cmdshell must be disabled, unless specifically required and approved. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). It is det
    SV-82349r1_rule SQL4-00-017400 CCI-000382 MEDIUM SQL Server must be configured to prohibit or restrict the use of unauthorized network protocols. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). Additiona
    SV-82351r1_rule SQL4-00-017410 CCI-000382 MEDIUM SQL Server and Windows must be configured to prohibit or restrict the use of unauthorized network ports. Information systems are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services, provided by default, may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations (e.g., key missions, functions). Additiona
    SV-82353r1_rule SQL4-00-018400 CCI-000764 MEDIUM SQL Server must uniquely identify and authenticate organizational users (or processes acting on behalf of organizational users). To ensure accountability and prevent unauthorized SQL Server access, organizational users shall be identified and authenticated. Organizational users include organizational employees and individuals the organization deems to have equivalent status of emp
    SV-82357r2_rule SQL4-00-039010 CCI-000206 HIGH Applications must obscure feedback of authentication information during the authentication process to protect the information from possible exploitation/use by unauthorized individuals. To prevent the compromise of authentication information, such as passwords and PINs, during the authentication process, the feedback from the information system must not provide any information that would allow an unauthorized user to compromise the authe
    SV-82359r1_rule SQL4-00-039020 CCI-000206 HIGH When using command-line tools such as SQLCMD in a mixed-mode authentication environment, users must use a logon method that does not expose the password. To prevent the compromise of authentication information, such as passwords and PINs, during the authentication process, the feedback from the information system must not provide any information that would allow an unauthorized user to compromise the authe
    SV-82361r1_rule SQL4-00-031100 CCI-000803 HIGH SQL Server must use NIST FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules for cryptographic operations. Use of weak or not validated cryptographic algorithms undermines the purposes of utilizing encryption and digital signatures to protect data. Weak algorithms can be easily broken and not validated cryptographic modules may not implement algorithms correc
    SV-82363r1_rule SQL4-00-018900 CCI-000804 MEDIUM SQL Server must uniquely identify and authenticate non-organizational users (or processes acting on behalf of non-organizational users). Non-organizational users include all information system users other than organizational users, which include organizational employees or individuals the organization deems to have equivalent status of employees (e.g., contractors, guest researchers, indiv
    SV-82365r1_rule SQL4-00-020500 CCI-001082 MEDIUM SQL Server must be configured to separate user functionality (including user interface services) from database management functionality. Information system management functionality includes functions necessary to administer databases, network components, workstations, or servers and typically requires privileged user access. The separation of user functionality from information system ma
    SV-82369r1_rule SQL4-00-021500 CCI-001084 MEDIUM SQL Server must isolate security functions from nonsecurity functions. An isolation boundary provides access control and protects the integrity of the hardware, software, and firmware that perform security functions. Security functions are defined as "the hardware, software, and/or firmware of the information system respon
    SV-82371r1_rule SQL4-00-031400 CCI-001090 MEDIUM Access to database files must be limited to relevant processes and to authorized, administrative users. Applications, including DBMSs, must prevent unauthorized and unintended information transfer via shared system resources. Permitting only DBMS processes and authorized, administrative users to have access to the files where the database resides helps ensu
    SV-82373r1_rule SQL4-00-031700 CCI-002361 MEDIUM SQL Server must automatically terminate a user session after organization-defined conditions or trigger events requiring session disconnect. This addresses the termination of user-initiated logical sessions in contrast to the termination of network connections that are associated with communications sessions (i.e., network disconnect). A logical session (for local, network, and remote access)
    SV-82375r1_rule SQL4-00-032500 CCI-002235 MEDIUM SQL Server must prevent non-privileged users from executing privileged functionality, to include disabling, circumventing, or altering implemented security safeguards/countermeasures. Preventing non-privileged users from executing privileged functions mitigates the risk that unauthorized individuals or processes may gain unnecessary access to information or privileges. System documentation should include a definition of the functiona
    SV-82377r2_rule SQL4-00-032600 CCI-002233 MEDIUM Execution of software modules (to include stored procedures, functions, and triggers) with elevated privileges must be restricted to necessary cases only. In certain situations, to provide required functionality, a DBMS needs to execute internal logic (stored procedures, functions, triggers, etc.) and/or external code modules with elevated privileges. However, if the privileges required for execution are at
    SV-82379r1_rule SQL4-00-032800 CCI-001844 MEDIUM SQL Server must utilize centralized management of the content captured in audit records generated by all components of the DBMS. Without the ability to centrally manage the content captured in the audit records, identification, troubleshooting, and correlation of suspicious behavior would be difficult and could lead to a delayed or incomplete analysis of an ongoing attack. The con
    SV-82381r1_rule SQL4-00-033000 CCI-001849 MEDIUM SQL Server must allocate audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements. In order to ensure sufficient storage capacity for the audit logs, SQL Server must be able to allocate audit record storage capacity. Although another requirement (SRG-APP-000515-DB-000318) mandates that audit data be off-loaded to a centralized log manag
    SV-82383r1_rule SQL4-00-033400 CCI-001855 MEDIUM SQL Server, the operating system, or the storage system must provide a warning to appropriate support staff when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of maximum audit record storage capacity. Organizations are required to use a central log management system, so, under normal conditions, the audit space allocated to SQL Server on its own server will not be an issue. However, space will still be required on the DBMS server for audit records in t
    SV-82385r1_rule SQL4-00-033500 CCI-001858 MEDIUM SQL Server or software monitoring SQL Server must provide an immediate real-time alert to appropriate support staff of all audit failure events requiring real-time alerts. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without a real-time alert, security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability, and system operatio
    SV-82387r1_rule SQL4-00-033600 CCI-001890 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce time stamps that can be mapped to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC, formerly GMT). If time stamps are not consistently applied and there is no common time reference, it is difficult to perform forensic analysis, in audit files, trace files/tables, and application data tables. Time is commonly expressed in Coordinated Universal Time (UT
    SV-82389r1_rule SQL4-00-033800 CCI-001812 MEDIUM SQL Server must prohibit user installation of logic modules (stored procedures, functions, triggers, views, etc.) without explicit privileged status. Allowing regular users to install software, without explicit privileges, creates the risk that untested or potentially malicious software will be installed on the system. Explicit privileges (escalated or administrative privileges) provide the regular use
    SV-82391r1_rule SQL4-00-033900 CCI-001813 MEDIUM SQL Server and Windows must enforce access restrictions associated with changes to the configuration of the SQL Server instance or database(s). Failure to provide logical access restrictions associated with changes to configuration may have significant effects on the overall security of the system. When dealing with access restrictions pertaining to change control, it should be noted that any c
    SV-82393r3_rule SQL4-00-034000 CCI-001814 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records of its enforcement of access restrictions associated with changes to the configuration of the DBMS or database(s). Without auditing the enforcement of access restrictions against changes to configuration, it would be difficult to identify attempted attacks and an audit trail would not be available for forensic investigation for after-the-fact actions. Enforcement ac
    SV-82395r1_rule SQL4-00-034200 CCI-001762 MEDIUM SQL Server must disable communication protocols not required for operation. Having unnecessary protocols enabled exposes the system to avoidable threats. In a typical installation, only TCP/IP will be required.
    SV-82397r1_rule SQL4-00-034800 CCI-002476 MEDIUM SQL Server must implement and/or support cryptographic mechanisms preventing the unauthorized disclosure of organization-defined information at rest on organization-defined information system components. DBMSs handling data requiring "data at rest" protections must employ cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized disclosure and modification of the information at rest. These cryptographic mechanisms may be native to the DBMS or implemented via addit
    SV-82399r1_rule SQL4-00-035000 CCI-002420 MEDIUM The confidentiality and integrity of information managed by SQL Server must be maintained during preparation for transmission. Information can be either unintentionally or maliciously disclosed or modified during preparation for transmission, including, for example, during aggregation, at protocol transformation points, and during packing/unpacking. These unauthorized disclosures
    SV-82401r1_rule SQL4-00-035100 CCI-002422 MEDIUM The confidentiality and integrity of information managed by SQL Server must be maintained during reception. Information can be either unintentionally or maliciously disclosed or modified during reception, including, for example, during aggregation, at protocol transformation points, and during packing/unpacking. These unauthorized disclosures or modifications c
    SV-82403r1_rule SQL4-00-035400 CCI-002605 MEDIUM Security-relevant software updates to SQL Server must be installed within the time period directed by an authoritative source (e.g., IAVM, CTOs, DTMs, and STIGs). Security flaws with software applications, including database management systems, are discovered daily. Vendors are constantly updating and patching their products to address newly discovered security vulnerabilities. Organizations (including any contract
    SV-82405r1_rule SQL4-00-035500 CCI-002605 MEDIUM Software updates to SQL Server must be tested before being applied to production systems. While it is important to apply SQL Server updates in a timely manner, it is also incumbent upon the database administrator and/or system administrator to ensure that their deployment will not interfere with the operation of the database and its applicatio
    SV-82407r2_rule SQL4-00-035600 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records when security objects are accessed. Changes to the security configuration must be tracked. This requirement applies to situations where security data is retrieved or modified via data manipulation operations, as opposed to via SQL Server's built-in security functionality (GRANT, REVOKE, D
    SV-82409r2_rule SQL4-00-035700 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must produce Trace or Audit records when unsuccessful attempts to access security objects occur. Changes to the security configuration must be tracked. To aid in diagnosis, it is necessary to keep track of failed attempts in addition to the successful ones. This requirement applies to situations where security data is retrieved or modified via data
    SV-82411r2_rule SQL4-00-036000 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when privileges/permissions are added. Changes in the permissions, privileges, and roles granted to users and roles must be tracked. Without an audit trail, unauthorized elevation or restriction of privileges could go undetected. Elevated privileges give users access to information and functio
    SV-82413r2_rule SQL4-00-036100 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when unsuccessful attempts to add privileges/permissions occur. Failed attempts to change the permissions, privileges, and roles granted to users and roles must be tracked. Without an audit trail, unauthorized attempts to elevate or restrict privileges could go undetected. In SQL Server, adding permissions is typica
    SV-82415r2_rule SQL4-00-036900 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when privileges/permissions are deleted. Changes in the permissions, privileges, and roles granted to users and roles must be tracked. Without an audit trail, unauthorized elevation or restriction of privileges could go undetected. Elevated privileges give users access to information and functio
    SV-82417r2_rule SQL4-00-037000 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when unsuccessful attempts to delete privileges/permissions occur. Changes in the permissions, privileges, and roles granted to users and roles must be tracked. Without an audit trail, unauthorized elevation or restriction of privileges could go undetected. Elevated privileges give users access to information and functio
    SV-82419r2_rule SQL4-00-037500 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when successful logons or connections occur. For completeness of forensic analysis, it is necessary to track who/what (a user or other principal) logs on to SQL Server. Use of SQL Server Audit is recommended. All features of SQL Server Audit are available in the Enterprise and Developer editions o
    SV-82421r2_rule SQL4-00-037600 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when unsuccessful logons or connection attempts occur. For completeness of forensic analysis, it is necessary to track failed attempts to log on to SQL Server. While positive identification may not be possible in a case of failed authentication, as much information as possible about the incident must be captu
    SV-82423r2_rule SQL4-00-037700 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records for all privileged activities or other system-level access. Without tracking privileged activity, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. System documentation should include a definition of the functionality consider
    SV-82425r2_rule SQL4-00-037800 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when unsuccessful attempts to execute privileged activities or other system-level access occur. Without tracking privileged activity, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. To aid in diagnosis, it is necessary to keep track of failed attempts in addit
    SV-82427r2_rule SQL4-00-037900 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when logoffs or disconnections occur. For completeness of forensic analysis, it is necessary to track who/what (a user or other principal) logs on to and off from SQL Server. Use of SQL Server Audit is recommended. All features of SQL Server Audit are available in the Enterprise and Develop
    SV-82429r1_rule SQL4-00-038000 CCI-000172 MEDIUM SQL Server must generate Trace or Audit records when concurrent logons/connections by the same user from different workstations occur. For completeness of forensic analysis, it is necessary to track who logs on to SQL Server. Concurrent connections by the same user from multiple workstations may be valid use of the system; or such connections may be due to improper circumvention of the
    SV-82431r1_rule SQL4-00-038700 CCI-001851 MEDIUM SQL Server must off-load audit data to a separate log management facility; this must be continuous and in near real time for systems with a network connection to the storage facility and weekly or more often for stand-alone systems. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity. The DBMS may write audit records to database tables, to fil
    SV-82433r1_rule SQL4-00-038900 CCI-000192 MEDIUM If SQL Server authentication, using passwords, is employed, SQL Server must enforce the DoD standards for password complexity. Windows domain/enterprise authentication and identification must be used (SQL4-00-030300). Native SQL Server authentication may be used only when circumstances make it unavoidable; and must be documented and AO-approved. The DoD standard for authenticat
    SV-82435r2_rule SQL4-00-038910 CCI-000198 MEDIUM If SQL Server authentication, using passwords, is employed, SQL Server must enforce the DoD standards for password lifetime. Windows domain/enterprise authentication and identification must be used (SQL4-00-030300). Native SQL Server authentication may be used only when circumstances make it unavoidable; and must be documented and AO-approved. The DoD standard for authenticat
    SV-85245r1_rule SQL4-00-039100 CCI-000366 LOW The SQL Server Browser service must be disabled if its use is not necessary.. The SQL Server Browser simplifies the administration of SQL Server, particularly when multiple instances of SQL Server coexist on the same computer. It avoids the need to hard-assign port numbers to the instances and to set and maintain those port number