HP FlexFabric Switch RTR Security Technical Implementation Guide

U_HP_FlexFabric_Switch_RTR_STIG_V1R1_Manual-xccdf.xml

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]
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Version / Release: V1R1

Published: 2016-02-26

Updated At: 2018-09-23 02:53:05

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Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description
SV-80455r1_rule HFFS-RT-000001 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must be configured so inactive HP FlexFabric Switch interfaces are disabled. An inactive interface is rarely monitored or controlled and may expose a network to an undetected attack on that interface. unauthorized personnel with access to the communication facility could gain access to a router by connecting to a configured interface that is not in use.
SV-80589r1_rule HFFS-RT-000002 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must not redistribute static routes to alternate gateway service provider into an Exterior Gateway Protocol or Interior Gateway Protocol to the NIPRNet or to other Autonomous System. If the static routes to the alternate gateway are being redistributed into an Exterior Gateway Protocol or Interior Gateway Protocol to a NIPRNet gateway, this could make traffic on NIPRNet flow to that particular router and not to the Internet Access Point routers. This could not only wreak havoc with traffic flows on NIPRNet, but it could overwhelm the connection from the router to the NIPRNet gateway(s) and also cause traffic destined for outside of NIPRNet to bypass the defenses of the Internet Access Points.
SV-80591r1_rule HFFS-RT-000003 CCI-001414 HIGH The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect an enclave connected to an Alternate Gateway by using an inbound filter that only permits packets with destination addresses within the sites address space. Enclaves with Alternate Gateway (AG) connections must take additional steps to ensure there is no compromise on the enclave network or NIPRNet. Without verifying the destination address of traffic coming from the site's AG, the perimeter router could be routing transit data from the Internet into the NIPRNet. This could also make the perimeter router vulnerable to a DoS attack as well as provide a backdoor into the NIPRNet. The DoD enclave must ensure the ingress filter applied to external interfaces on a perimeter router connecting to an AG is secure through filters permitting packets with a destination address belonging to the DoD enclave's address block.
SV-80593r1_rule HFFS-RT-000004 CCI-001414 MEDIUM If Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is enabled on the HP FlexFabric Switch, the HP FlexFabric Switch must not be a BGP peer with a HP FlexFabric Switch from an Autonomous System belonging to any Alternate Gateway (AG). The perimeter router will not use a routing protocol to advertise NIPRNet addresses to Alternate Gateways. Most ISPs use Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to share route information with other autonomous systems, that is, any network under a different administrative control and policy than a local site. If BGP is configured on the perimeter router, no BGP neighbors will be defined to peer routers from an AS belonging to any Alternate Gateway. The only allowable method is a static route to reach the Alternate Gateway.
SV-80595r1_rule HFFS-RT-000005 CCI-002403 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must restrict BGP connections to known IP addresses from trusted Autonomous Systems (AS). Advertisement of routes by an Autonomous System for networks that do not belong to any of its trusted peers pulls traffic away from the authorized network. This causes a DoS on the network that allocated the block of addresses and may cause a DoS on the network that is inadvertently advertising it as the originator. It is also possible that a misconfigured or compromised router within the network could redistribute Interior Gateway Protocol routes into Border Gateway Protocol, thereby leaking internal routes.
SV-80597r1_rule HFFS-RT-000006 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must be configured to disable non-essential capabilities. A compromised router introduces risk to the entire network infrastructure as well as data resources that are accessible via the network. The perimeter defense has no oversight or control of attacks by malicious users within the network. Preventing network breaches from within is dependent on implementing a comprehensive defense-in-depth strategy including securing each device connected to the network. This is accomplished by following and implementing all security guidance applicable for each node type. A fundamental step in securing each router is to enable only the capabilities required for operation.
SV-80599r1_rule HFFS-RT-000010 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enable neighbor authentication for all control plane protocols. A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network, or merely used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and Multicast-related protocols.
SV-80601r1_rule HFFS-RT-000011 CCI-000803 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must encrypt all methods of configured authentication for routing protocols. A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network, or merely used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. However, using clear-text authentication provides little benefit since an attacker can intercept traffic and view the authentication key. This would allow the attacker to use the authentication key in an attack. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and Multicast-related protocols.
SV-80603r1_rule HFFS-RT-000012 CCI-000803 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must use NIST-validated FIPS 140-2 cryptography to implement authentication encryption mechanisms for routing protocols. A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network, or merely used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. However, using clear-text authentication provides little benefit since an attacker can intercept traffic and view the authentication key. This would allow the attacker to use the authentication key in an attack. Since MD5 is vulnerable to "birthday" attacks and may be compromised, routing protocol authentication must use FIPS 140-2 validated algorithms and modules to encrypt the authentication key. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and Multicast-related protocols.
SV-80605r1_rule HFFS-RT-000014 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce that Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) instances configured on the out-of-band management gateway only peer with their own routing domain. If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the out-of-band management network, implementation of several safeguards for containment of management and production traffic boundaries must occur. Since the managed and management network are separate routing domains, configuration of separate Interior Gateway Protocol routing instances is critical on the router to segregate traffic from each network.
SV-80607r1_rule HFFS-RT-000015 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce that the managed network domain and the management network domain are separate routing domains and the Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) instances are not redistributed or advertised to each other. If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the out-of-band management network, several safeguards must be implemented for containment of management and production traffic boundaries, otherwise, it is possible that management traffic will not be separated from production traffic. Since the managed network and the management network are separate routing domains, separate Interior Gateway Protocol routing instances must be configured on the router, one for the managed network and one for the out-of-band management network. In addition, the routes from the two domains must not be redistributed to each other.
SV-80609r1_rule HFFS-RT-000016 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce that any interface used for out-of-band management traffic is configured to be passive for the Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) that is utilized on that management interface. The out-of-band management access switch will connect to the management interface of the managed network elements. The management interface can be a true out-of-band management interface or a standard interface functioning as the management interface. In either case, the management interface of the managed network element will directly connect to the out-of-band management network. An out-of-band management interface does not forward transit traffic, thereby, providing complete separation of production and management traffic. Since all management traffic is immediately forwarded into the management network, it is not exposed to possible tampering. The separation also ensures that congestion or failures in the managed network do not affect the management of the device. If the device does not have an out-of-band management port, the interface functioning as the management interface must be configured so that management traffic, both data plane and control plane, does not leak into the managed network and that production traffic does not leak into the management network.
SV-80611r1_rule HFFS-RT-000017 CCI-001094 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must be configured to restrict it from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field via egress filter or by enabling Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding. A compromised host in an enclave can be used by a malicious actor as a platform to launch cyber attacks on third parties. This is a common practice in "botnets", which are a collection of compromised computers using malware to attack (usually DDoS) other computers or networks. DDoS attacks frequently leverage IP source address spoofing, in which packets with false source IP addresses send traffic to multiple hosts, which then send return traffic to the hosts with the IP addresses that were forged. This can generate significant, even massive, amounts of traffic. Therefore, protection measures to counteract IP source address spoofing must be taken. The router must not accept any outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field by enabling Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF) strict mode or by implementing an egress ACL. Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF) provides an IP address spoof protection capability. When uRPF is enabled in strict mode, the packet must be received on the interface that the device would use to forward the return packet.
SV-80613r1_rule HFFS-RT-000018 CCI-001095 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must manage excess bandwidth to limit the effects of packet flooding types of denial of service (DoS) attacks. Denial of service is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. Packet flooding DDoS attacks are referred to as volumetric attacks and have the objective of overloading a network or circuit to deny or seriously degrade performance, which denies access to the services that normally traverse the network or circuit. Volumetric attacks have become relatively easy to launch using readily available tools such as Low Orbit Ion Cannon or by botnets. Measures to mitigate the effects of a successful volumetric attack must be taken to ensure that sufficient capacity is available for mission-critical traffic. Managing capacity may include, for example, establishing selected network usage priorities or quotas and enforcing them using rate limiting, Quality of Service (QoS), or other resource reservation control methods. These measures may also mitigate the effects of sudden decreases in network capacity that are the result of accidental or intentional physical damage to telecommunications facilities (such as cable cuts or weather-related outages).
SV-80615r1_rule HFFS-RT-000019 CCI-001097 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must configure the maximum hop limit value to at least 32. The Neighbor Discovery protocol allows a hop limit value to be advertised by routers in a Router Advertisement message to be used by hosts instead of the standardized default value. If a very small value was configured and advertised to hosts on the LAN segment, communications would fail due to the hop limit reaching zero before the packets sent by a host reached their destination.
SV-80617r1_rule HFFS-RT-000020 CCI-002385 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect against or limit the effects of denial of service (DoS) attacks by employing control plane protection. The Route Processor (RP) is critical to all network operations because it is the component used to build all forwarding paths for the data plane via control plane processes. It is also instrumental with ongoing network management functions that keep the routers and links available for providing network services. Any disruption to the Route Processor or the control and management planes can result in mission-critical network outages. A DoS attack targeting the Route Processor can result in excessive CPU and memory utilization. To maintain network stability and Route Processor security, the router must be able to handle specific control plane and management plane traffic that is destined to the Route Processor. In the past, one method of filtering was to use ingress filters on forwarding interfaces to filter both forwarding path and receiving path traffic. However, this method does not scale well as the number of interfaces grows and the size of the ingress filters grow. Control plane policing increases the security of routers and multilayer switches by protecting the Route Processor from unnecessary or malicious traffic. Filtering and rate limiting the traffic flow of control plane packets can be implemented to protect routers against reconnaissance and DoS attacks, allowing the control plane to maintain packet forwarding and protocol states despite an attack or heavy load on the router or multilayer switch.
SV-80619r1_rule HFFS-RT-000021 CCI-002403 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must only allow incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations. Unrestricted traffic may contain malicious traffic that poses a threat to an enclave or to other connected networks. Additionally, unrestricted traffic may transit a network, which uses bandwidth and other resources. Traffic can be restricted directly by an ACL (which is a firewall function) or by Policy Routing. Policy Routing is a technique used to make routing decisions based on a number of different criteria other than just the destination network, including source or destination network, source or destination address, source or destination port, protocol, packet size, and packet classification. This overrides the router's normal routing procedures used to control the specific paths of network traffic. It is normally used for traffic engineering, but can also be used to meet security requirements; for example, traffic that is not allowed can be routed to the Null0 or discard interface. Policy Routing can also be used to control which prefixes appear in the routing table. Traffic can be restricted directly by an ACL (which is a firewall function), or by Policy Routing. This requirement is intended to allow network administrators the flexibility to use whatever technique is most effective.
SV-80621r1_rule HFFS-RT-000022 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information between interconnected networks in accordance with applicable policy. Information flow control regulates authorized information to travel within a network and between interconnected networks. Controlling the flow of network traffic is critical so it does not introduce any unacceptable risk to the network infrastructure or data. An example of a flow control restriction is blocking outside traffic claiming to be from within the organization. For most routers, internal information flow control is a product of system design.
SV-80623r1_rule HFFS-RT-000023 CCI-002385 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must ensure all Exterior Border Gateway Protocol (eBGP) HP FlexFabric Switches are configured to use Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM). As described in RFC 3682, GTSM is designed to protect a router's IP-based control plane from DoS attacks. Many attacks focused on CPU load and line-card overload can be prevented by implementing GTSM on all eBGP speaking routers. GTSM is based on the fact that the vast majority of control plane peering is established between adjacent routers; that is, the eBGP peers are either between connecting interfaces or between loopback interfaces. Since TTL spoofing is considered nearly impossible, a mechanism based on an expected TTL value provides a simple and reasonably robust defense from infrastructure attacks based on forged control plane traffic.
SV-80625r1_rule HFFS-RT-000024 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must disable Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) on all interfaces that are not required to support multicast routing. If multicast traffic is forwarded beyond the intended boundary, it is possible that it can be intercepted by unauthorized or unintended personnel. Limiting where, within the network, a given multicast group's data is permitted to flow is an important first step in improving multicast security. A scope zone is an instance of a connected region of a given scope. Zones of the same scope cannot overlap while zones of a smaller scope will fit completely within a zone of a larger scope. For example, Admin-local scope is smaller than Site-local scope, so the administratively configured boundary fits within the bounds of a site. According to RFC 4007 IPv6 Scoped Address Architecture (section 5), scope zones are also required to be "convex from a routing perspective"; that is, packets routed within a zone must not pass through any links that are outside of the zone. This requirement forces each zone to be one contiguous island rather than a series of separate islands. As stated in the DoD IPv6 IA Guidance for MO3, "One should be able to identify all interfaces of a zone by drawing a closed loop on their network diagram, engulfing some routers and passing through some routers to include only some of their interfaces." Therefore, it is imperative that the network has documented their multicast topology and thereby knows which interfaces are enabled for multicast. Once this is done, the zones can be scoped as required.
SV-80627r1_rule HFFS-RT-000025 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must bind a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) neighbor filter to interfaces that have PIM enabled. Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) is a routing protocol used to build multicast distribution trees for forwarding multicast traffic across the network infrastructure. Protocol Independent Multicast traffic must be limited to only known PIM neighbors by configuring and binding a PIM neighbor filter to those interfaces that have PIM enabled. If a PIM neighbor filter is not applied to those interfaces that have PIM enabled, an unauthorized routers can join the PIM domain and discover and use the rendezvous points, and also advertise their rendezvous points into the domain. This can result in a denial of service by traffic flooding or result in the unauthorized transfer of data.
SV-80629r1_rule HFFS-RT-000026 CCI-001414 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must establish boundaries for IPv6 Admin-Local, IPv6 Site-Local, IPv6 Organization-Local scope, and IPv4 Local-Scope multicast traffic. If multicast traffic is forwarded beyond the intended boundary, it is possible that it can be intercepted by unauthorized or unintended personnel. Administrative scoped multicast addresses are locally assigned and are to be used exclusively by the enterprise network or enclave. Administrative scoped multicast traffic must not cross the enclave perimeter in either direction. Restricting multicast traffic makes it more difficult for a malicious user to access sensitive traffic. Admin-Local scope is encouraged for any multicast traffic within a network intended for network management, as well as for control plane traffic that must reach beyond link-local destinations.