HP FlexFabric Switch NDM Security Technical Implementation Guide

U_HP_FlexFabric_Switch_NDM_STIG_V1R1_Manual-xccdf.xml

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V1R1 2016-02-29      
Update existing CKLs to this version of the STIG
This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]
Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description
SV-80453r1_rule HFFS-ND-000001 CCI-000054 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must limit the number of concurrent sessions to an organization-defined number for each administrator account and/or administrator account type. Device management includes the ability to control the number of administrators and management sessions that manage a device. Limiting the number of allowed administrators and sessions per administrator is helpful in limiting risks related to DoS attacks. This requirement addresses concurrent sessions for administrative accounts and does not address concurrent sessions by a single administrator via multiple administrative accounts. The maximum number of concurrent sessions should be defined based upon mission needs and the operational environment for each system.
SV-80631r1_rule HFFS-ND-000008 CCI-000017 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically disable accounts after a 35-day period of account inactivity. Since the accounts in the HP FlexFabric Switch are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the HP FlexFabric Switch. Inactive accounts could be reactivated or compromised by unauthorized users, allowing exploitation of vulnerabilities and undetected access to the HP FlexFabric Switch. This control does not include emergency administration accounts, which are meant for access to the HP FlexFabric Switch components in case of network failure.
SV-80633r1_rule HFFS-ND-000009 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically audit account creation. Upon gaining access to a network device, an attacker will often first attempt to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is to create a new account. Notification of account creation helps to mitigate this risk. Auditing account creation provides the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. Without this audit trail, personnel without the proper authorization may gain access to critical network nodes.
SV-80635r1_rule HFFS-ND-000010 CCI-001403 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically audit account modification. Since the accounts in the HP FlexFabric Switch are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the HP FlexFabric Switch. Account management by a designated authority ensures access to the HP FlexFabric Switch is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel with the appropriate and necessary privileges. Auditing account modification along with an automatic notification to appropriate individuals will provide the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. If modifications to management accounts are not audited, reconciliation of account management procedures cannot be tracked.
SV-80637r1_rule HFFS-ND-000011 CCI-001404 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically audit account disabling actions. Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the HP FlexFabric Switch is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account disabling actions will support account management procedures. When device management accounts are disabled, user or service accessibility may be affected. Auditing also ensures authorized active accounts remain enabled and available for use when required.
SV-80639r1_rule HFFS-ND-000012 CCI-001405 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically audit account removal actions. Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the HP FlexFabric Switch is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account removal actions will support account management procedures. When device management accounts are terminated, user or service accessibility may be affected. Auditing also ensures authorized active accounts remain enabled and available for use when required.
SV-80641r1_rule HFFS-ND-000013 CCI-000213 HIGH The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce the assigned privilege level for each administrator and authorizations for access to all commands relative to the privilege level in accordance with applicable policy for the device. To mitigate the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive information by entities that have been issued certificates by DoD-approved PKIs, all DoD systems must be properly configured to incorporate access control methods that do not rely solely on the possession of a certificate for access. Successful authentication must not automatically give an entity access to an asset or security boundary. Authorization procedures and controls must be implemented to ensure each authenticated entity also has a validated and current authorization. Authorization is the process of determining whether an entity, once authenticated, is permitted to access a specific asset. Network devices use access control policies and enforcement mechanisms to implement this requirement. Access control policies include identity-based policies, role-based policies, and attribute-based policies. Access enforcement mechanisms include access control lists, access control matrices, and cryptography. These policies and mechanisms must be employed by the HP FlexFabric Switch to control access between administrators (or processes acting on behalf of administrators) and objects (e.g., device commands, files, records, processes) in the HP FlexFabric Switch.
SV-80643r1_rule HFFS-ND-000014 CCI-001368 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of management information within the HP FlexFabric Switch based on information flow control policies. A mechanism to detect and prevent unauthorized communication flow must be configured or provided as part of the system design. If management information flow is not enforced based on approved authorizations, the HP FlexFabric Switch may become compromised. Information flow control regulates where management information is allowed to travel within a network device. The flow of all management information must be monitored and controlled so it does not introduce any unacceptable risk to the HP FlexFabric Switch or data. Application-specific examples of enforcement occur in systems that employ rule sets or establish configuration settings that restrict information system services or message-filtering capability based on message content (e.g., implementing key word searches or using document characteristics). Applications providing information flow control must be able to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of management information within the system in accordance with applicable policy.
SV-80645r1_rule HFFS-ND-000015 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15-minute time period. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced.
SV-80647r1_rule HFFS-ND-000016 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the device. Display of the DoD-approved use notification before granting access to the HP FlexFabric Switch ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance. System use notifications are required only for access via logon interfaces with human users.
SV-80649r1_rule HFFS-ND-000017 CCI-000050 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must retain the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner on the screen until the administrator acknowledges the usage conditions and takes explicit actions to log on for further access. The banner must be acknowledged by the administrator prior to allowing the administrator access to the HP FlexFabric Switch. This provides assurance that the administrator has seen the message and accepted the conditions for access. If the consent banner is not acknowledged by the administrator, DoD will not be in compliance with system use notifications required by law. To establish acceptance of the network administration policy, a click-through banner at management session logon is required. The device must prevent further activity until the administrator executes a positive action to manifest agreement by clicking on a box indicating "OK".
SV-80651r1_rule HFFS-ND-000018 CCI-000052 MEDIUM Upon successful logon, the HP FlexFabric Switch must notify the administrator of the date and time of the last logon. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful logon allows them to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of logon, including, but not limited to, SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity.
SV-80653r1_rule HFFS-ND-000019 CCI-000053 MEDIUM Upon successful logon, the HP FlexFabric Switch must notify the administrator of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the number of unsuccessful attempts made to logon to their account allows them to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. Without this information, the administrator may not be aware that unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of logon, including, but not limited to, SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity.
SV-80655r1_rule HFFS-ND-000021 CCI-000166 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect against an individual (or process acting on behalf of an individual) falsely denying having performed organization-defined actions to be covered by non-repudiation. This requirement supports non-repudiation of actions taken by an administrator and is required in order to maintain the integrity of the configuration management process. All configuration changes to the HP FlexFabric Switch are logged, and administrators authenticate with two-factor authentication before gaining administrative access. Together, these processes will ensure the administrators can be held accountable for the configuration changes they implement. To meet this requirement, the HP FlexFabric Switch must log administrator access and activity.
SV-80657r1_rule HFFS-ND-000022 CCI-000169 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must provide audit record generation capability for DoD-defined auditable events within the HP FlexFabric Switch. Without the capability to generate audit records, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., process, module). Certain specific device functionalities may be audited as well. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. This set of events is typically a subset of the list of all events for which the system is capable of generating audit records. DoD has defined the list of events for which the device will provide an audit record generation capability as the following: (i) Successful and unsuccessful attempts to access, modify, or delete privileges, security objects, security levels, or categories of information (e.g., classification levels); (ii) Access actions, such as successful and unsuccessful logon attempts, privileged activities or other system level access, starting and ending time for user access to the system, concurrent logons from different workstations, successful and unsuccessful accesses to objects, all program initiations, and all direct access to the information system; and (iii) All account creation, modification, disabling, and termination actions.
SV-80659r1_rule HFFS-ND-000023 CCI-000171 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must allow only the ISSM (or individuals or roles appointed by the ISSM) to select which auditable events are to be audited. Without the capability to restrict which roles and individuals can select which events are audited, unauthorized personnel may be able to prevent the auditing of critical events. Misconfigured audits may degrade the system's performance by overwhelming the audit log. Misconfigured audits may also make it more difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one.
SV-80661r1_rule HFFS-ND-000024 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to access privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the information system (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80663r1_rule HFFS-ND-000025 CCI-001464 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must initiate session auditing upon startup. If auditing is enabled late in the startup process, the actions of some start-up processes may not be audited. Some audit systems also maintain state information only available if auditing is enabled before a given process is created.
SV-80665r1_rule HFFS-ND-000026 CCI-000130 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must produce audit log records containing sufficient information to establish what type of event occurred. It is essential for security personnel to know what is being done, what was attempted, where it was done, when it was done, and by whom it was done in order to compile an accurate risk assessment. Associating event types with detected events in the application and audit logs provides a means of investigating an attack; recognizing resource utilization or capacity thresholds; or identifying an improperly configured network device. Without this capability, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack.
SV-80667r1_rule HFFS-ND-000027 CCI-000131 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must produce audit records containing information to establish when (date and time) the events occurred. It is essential for security personnel to know what is being done, what was attempted, where it was done, when it was done, and by whom it was done in order to compile an accurate risk assessment. Logging the date and time of each detected event provides a means of investigating an attack; recognizing resource utilization or capacity thresholds; or identifying an improperly configured network device. In order to establish and correlate the series of events leading up to an outage or attack, it is imperative the date and time are recorded in all log records.
SV-80669r1_rule HFFS-ND-000028 CCI-000132 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must produce audit records containing information to establish where the events occurred. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know where events occurred, such as device hardware components, device software modules, session identifiers, filenames, host names, and functionality. Associating information about where the event occurred within the HP FlexFabric Switch provides a means of investigating an attack; recognizing resource utilization or capacity thresholds; or identifying an improperly configured device.
SV-80671r1_rule HFFS-ND-000029 CCI-000133 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must produce audit log records containing information to establish the source of events. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know the source of the event. The source may be a component, module, or process within the device or an external session, administrator, or device. Associating information about where the source of the event occurred provides a means of investigating an attack; recognizing resource utilization or capacity thresholds; or identifying an improperly configured device.
SV-80673r1_rule HFFS-ND-000030 CCI-000134 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must produce audit records that contain information to establish the outcome of the event. Without information about the outcome of events, security personnel cannot make an accurate assessment as to whether an attack was successful or if changes were made to the security state of the system. Event outcomes can include indicators of event success or failure and event-specific results (e.g., the security state of the device after the event occurred). As such, they also provide a means to measure the impact of an event and help authorized personnel to determine the appropriate response.
SV-80675r1_rule HFFS-ND-000031 CCI-001487 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records containing information that establishes the identity of any individual or process associated with the event. Without information that establishes the identity of the subjects (i.e., administrators or processes acting on behalf of administrators) associated with the events, security personnel cannot determine responsibility for the potentially harmful event. Event identifiers (if authenticated or otherwise known) include, but are not limited to, user database tables, primary key values, user names, or process identifiers.
SV-80677r1_rule HFFS-ND-000032 CCI-000135 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records containing the full-text recording of privileged commands. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. Organizations consider limiting the additional audit information to only that information explicitly needed for specific audit requirements. The additional information required is dependent on the type of information (i.e., sensitivity of the data and the environment within which it resides). At a minimum, the organization must audit full-text recording of privileged commands. The organization must maintain audit trails in sufficient detail to reconstruct events to determine the cause and impact of compromise.
SV-80679r1_rule HFFS-ND-000035 CCI-000159 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must use internal system clocks to generate time stamps for audit records. In order to determine what is happening within the network infrastructure or to resolve and trace an attack, the HP FlexFabric Switch must support the organization's capability to correlate the audit log data from multiple network devices to acquire a clear understanding of events. In order to correlate auditable events, time stamps are needed on all of the log records. If the internal clock is not used, the system may not be able to provide time stamps for log messages. Additionally, externally generated time stamps may not be accurate. Applications can use the capability of an operating system or purpose-built module for this purpose. (Note that the internal clock is required to be synchronized with authoritative time sources by other requirements.)
SV-80681r1_rule HFFS-ND-000036 CCI-000162 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect audit information from any type of unauthorized read access. Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit information system activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. In addition, access to audit records provides information an attacker could use to his or her advantage. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the information system and/or the HP FlexFabric Switch must protect audit information from any and all unauthorized read access. This requirement can be achieved through multiple methods which will depend upon system architecture and design. Commonly employed methods for protecting audit information include least privilege permissions as well as restricting the location and number of log file repositories. Additionally, network devices with user interfaces to audit records should not allow for the unfettered manipulation of or access to those records via the device interface. If the device provides access to the audit data, the device becomes accountable for ensuring audit information is protected from unauthorized access.
SV-80683r1_rule HFFS-ND-000037 CCI-000163 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect audit information from unauthorized modification. Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit network device activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the HP FlexFabric Switch must protect audit information from unauthorized modification. This requirement can be achieved through multiple methods, which will depend upon system architecture and design. Some commonly employed methods include ensuring log files receive the proper file system permissions and limiting log data locations. Network devices providing a user interface to audit data will leverage user permissions and roles identifying the user accessing the data and the corresponding rights that the user enjoys in order to make access decisions regarding the modification of audit data.
SV-80685r1_rule HFFS-ND-000038 CCI-000164 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect audit information from unauthorized deletion. Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit information system activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the HP FlexFabric Switch must protect audit information from unauthorized deletion. This requirement can be achieved through multiple methods, which will depend upon system architecture and design. Some commonly employed methods include: ensuring log files receive the proper file system permissions utilizing file system protections, restricting access, and backing up log data to ensure log data is retained. Network devices providing a user interface to audit data will leverage user permissions and roles identifying the user accessing the data and the corresponding rights the user enjoys in order to make access decisions regarding the deletion of audit data.
SV-80687r1_rule HFFS-ND-000042 CCI-001348 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must back up audit records at least every seven days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited. Protection of log data includes assuring log data is not accidentally lost or deleted. Regularly backing up audit records to a different system or onto separate media than the system being audited helps to assure, in the event of a catastrophic system failure, the audit records will be retained. This helps to ensure a compromise of the information system being audited does not also result in a compromise of the audit records.
SV-80689r1_rule HFFS-ND-000046 CCI-000382 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must be configured to prohibit the use of all unnecessary and/or nonsecure functions, ports, protocols, and/or services, as defined in the PPSM CAL and vulnerability assessments. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable unused or unnecessary physical and logical ports/protocols on information systems. Network devices are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services provided by default may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations. Additionally, it is sometimes convenient to provide multiple services from a single component (e.g., email and web services); however, doing so increases risk over limiting the services provided by any one component. To support the requirements and principles of least functionality, the HP FlexFabric Switch must support the organizational requirements providing only essential capabilities and limiting the use of ports, protocols, and/or services to only those required, authorized, and approved to conduct official business or to address authorized quality of life issues.
SV-80691r1_rule HFFS-ND-000052 CCI-000795 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must disable identifiers (individuals, groups, roles, and devices) after 35 days of inactivity. Inactive identifiers pose a risk to network devices. Attackers that are able to exploit an inactive identifier can potentially obtain and maintain undetected access to the device. Owners of inactive accounts will not notice if unauthorized access to their account has been obtained. Network devices need to track periods of inactivity and disable application identifiers after 35 days of inactivity.
SV-80693r1_rule HFFS-ND-000053 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce a minimum 15-character password length. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. The shorter the password, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.
SV-80695r1_rule HFFS-ND-000054 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. To meet password policy requirements, passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals. If the HP FlexFabric Switch allows the user to consecutively reuse their password when that password has exceeded its defined lifetime, the end result is a password that is not changed as per policy requirements.
SV-80697r1_rule HFFS-ND-000055 CCI-000192 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used. Use of a complex passwords helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password is, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-80699r1_rule HFFS-ND-000056 CCI-000193 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-80701r1_rule HFFS-ND-000057 CCI-000194 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-80703r1_rule HFFS-ND-000058 CCI-001619 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-80705r1_rule HFFS-ND-000062 CCI-000198 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime. Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. Restricting this setting limits the user's ability to change their password. Passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals; however, if the HP FlexFabric Switch allows the user to immediately and continually change their password, then the password could be repeatedly changed in a short period of time to defeat the organization's policy regarding password reuse.
SV-80707r1_rule HFFS-ND-000063 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed at specific intervals. One method of minimizing this risk is to use complex passwords and periodically change them. If the HP FlexFabric Switch does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the passwords could be compromised. This requirement does not include emergency administration accounts which are meant for access to the HP FlexFabric Switch in case of failure. These accounts are not required to have maximum password lifetime restrictions.
SV-80709r1_rule HFFS-ND-000064 CCI-000185 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch, when utilizing PKI-based authentication, must validate certificates by constructing a certification path (which includes status information) to an accepted trust anchor. Without path validation, an informed trust decision by the relying party cannot be made when presented with any certificate not already explicitly trusted. A trust anchor is an authoritative entity represented via a public key and associated data. It is used in the context of public key infrastructures, X.509 digital certificates, and DNSSEC. When there is a chain of trust, usually the top entity to be trusted becomes the trust anchor; it can be, for example, a Certification Authority (CA). A certification path starts with the subject certificate and proceeds through a number of intermediate certificates up to a trusted root certificate, typically issued by a trusted CA. This requirement verifies that a certification path to an accepted trust anchor is used for certificate validation and that the path includes status information. Path validation is necessary for a relying party to make an informed trust decision when presented with any certificate not already explicitly trusted. Status information for certification paths includes certificate revocation lists or online certificate status protocol responses. Validation of the certificate status information is out of scope for this requirement.
SV-80711r1_rule HFFS-ND-000065 CCI-000187 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must map the authenticated identity to the user account for PKI-based authentication. Authorization for access to any network device requires an approved and assigned individual account identifier. To ensure only the assigned individual is using the account, the account must be bound to a user certificate when PKI-based authentication is implemented.
SV-80713r1_rule HFFS-ND-000069 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must terminate all network connections associated with a device management session at the end of the session, or the session must be terminated after 10 minutes of inactivity except to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminating an idle session will also free up resources committed by the managed network element. Terminating network connections associated with communications sessions includes, for example, de-allocating associated TCP/IP address/port pairs at the operating system level, or de-allocating networking assignments at the application level if multiple application sessions are using a single, operating system-level network connection. This does not mean that the device terminates all sessions or network access; it only ends the inactive session and releases the resources associated with that session.
SV-80715r1_rule HFFS-ND-000082 CCI-002363 MEDIUM Network devices must provide a logoff capability for administrator-initiated communication sessions. If an administrator cannot explicitly end a device management session, the session may remain open and be exploited by an attacker; this is referred to as a zombie session.
SV-80717r1_rule HFFS-ND-000085 CCI-002130 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically audit account enabling actions. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account enabling is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail which documents the creation of application user accounts and notifies administrators and Information System Security Officers (ISSO). Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously created and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.
SV-80719r1_rule HFFS-ND-000086 CCI-002132 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate an immediate alert for account enabling actions. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account enabling is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail which documents the creation of application user accounts and notifies administrators and ISSOs. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously enabled and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes. In order to detect and respond to events that affect network administrator accessibility and device processing, network devices must audit account enabling actions and, as required, notify the appropriate individuals so they can investigate the event.
SV-80721r1_rule HFFS-ND-000088 CCI-002165 MEDIUM If the HP FlexFabric Switch uses discretionary access control, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce organization-defined discretionary access control policies over defined subjects and objects. Discretionary Access Control (DAC) is based on the notion that individual network administrators are "owners" of objects and therefore have discretion over who should be authorized to access the object and in which mode (e.g., read or write). Ownership is usually acquired as a consequence of creating the object or via specified ownership assignment. DAC allows the owner to determine who will have access to objects they control. An example of DAC includes user-controlled file permissions. When discretionary access control policies are implemented, subjects are not constrained with regard to what actions they can take with information for which they have already been granted access. Thus, subjects that have been granted access to information are not prevented from passing (i.e., the subjects have the discretion to pass) the information to other subjects or objects. A subject that is constrained in its operation by Mandatory Access Control policies is still able to operate under the less rigorous constraints of this requirement. Thus, while Mandatory Access Control imposes constraints preventing a subject from passing information to another subject operating at a different sensitivity level, this requirement permits the subject to pass the information to any subject at the same sensitivity level. The policy is bounded by the information system boundary. Once the information is passed outside of the control of the information system, additional means may be required to ensure the constraints remain in effect. While the older, more traditional definitions of discretionary access control require identity-based access control, that limitation is not required for this use of discretionary access control. The discretionary access control policies and the subjects and objects are defined uniquely for each network device, so they cannot be specified in the requirement.
SV-80723r1_rule HFFS-ND-000089 CCI-000366 MEDIUM If the HP FlexFabric Switch uses role-based access control, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce organization-defined role-based access control policies over defined subjects and objects. Organizations can create specific roles based on job functions and the authorizations (i.e., privileges) to perform needed operations on organizational information systems associated with the organization-defined roles. When administrators are assigned to the organizational roles, they inherit the authorizations or privileges defined for those roles. RBAC simplifies privilege administration for organizations because privileges are not assigned directly to every administrator (which can be a significant number of individuals for mid- to large-size organizations) but are instead acquired through role assignments. RBAC can be implemented either as a mandatory or discretionary form of access control. The RBAC policies and the subjects and objects are defined uniquely for each network device, so they cannot be specified in the requirement.
SV-80725r1_rule HFFS-ND-000092 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must automatically lock the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
SV-80727r1_rule HFFS-ND-000093 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must notify the administrator, upon successful logon (access), of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon (access). Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their account. Providing them with information deemed important by the organization may aid in the discovery of unauthorized access or thwart a potential attacker. Organizations should consider the risks to the specific information system being accessed and the threats presented by the device to the environment when configuring this option. An excessive or unnecessary amount of information presented to the administrator at logon is not recommended.
SV-80729r1_rule HFFS-ND-000094 CCI-001914 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must provide the capability for organization-identified individuals or roles to change the auditing to be performed based on all selectable event criteria within near-real-time. If authorized individuals do not have the ability to modify auditing parameters in response to a changing threat environment, the organization may not be able to effectively respond, and important forensic information may be lost. This requirement enables organizations to extend or limit auditing as necessary to meet organizational requirements. Auditing that is limited to conserve information system resources may be extended to address certain threat situations. In addition, auditing may be limited to a specific set of events to facilitate audit reduction, analysis, and reporting. Organizations can establish time thresholds in which audit actions are changed, for example, near-real-time, within minutes, or within hours. The individuals or roles to change the auditing are dependent on the security configuration of the HP FlexFabric Switch. For example, it may be configured to allow only some administrators to change the auditing, while other administrators can review audit logs but not reconfigure auditing. Because this capability is so powerful, organizations should be extremely cautious about only granting this capability to fully authorized security personnel.
SV-80731r1_rule HFFS-ND-000095 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must allocate audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements. In order to ensure network devices have a sufficient storage capacity in which to write the audit logs, they need to be able to allocate audit record storage capacity. The task of allocating audit record storage capacity is usually performed during initial device setup if it is modifiable. The value for the organization-defined audit record storage requirement will depend on the amount of storage available on the HP FlexFabric Switch, the anticipated volume of logs, the frequency of transfer from the HP FlexFabric Switch to centralized log servers, and other factors.
SV-80733r1_rule HFFS-ND-000096 CCI-001855 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity. If security personnel are not notified immediately upon storage volume utilization reaching 75%, they are unable to plan for storage capacity expansion. This could lead to the loss of audit information. Note that while the HP FlexFabric Switch must generate the alert, notification may be done by a management server.
SV-80735r1_rule HFFS-ND-000097 CCI-001858 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate an immediate real-time alert of all audit failure events requiring real-time alerts. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without a real-time alert, security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability and system operation may be adversely affected. Alerts provide organizations with urgent messages. Real-time alerts provide these messages immediately (i.e., the time from event detection to alert occurs in seconds or less).
SV-80737r1_rule HFFS-ND-000098 CCI-001891 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must compare internal information system clocks at least every 24 hours with an authoritative time server. Inaccurate time stamps make it more difficult to correlate events and can lead to an inaccurate analysis. Determining the correct time a particular event occurred on a system is critical when conducting forensic analysis and investigating system events. Sources outside of the configured acceptable allowance (drift) may be inaccurate. Additionally, unnecessary synchronization may have an adverse impact on system performance and may indicate malicious activity. Synchronizing internal information system clocks provides uniformity of time stamps for information systems with multiple system clocks and systems connected over a network.
SV-80739r1_rule HFFS-ND-000099 CCI-002046 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must synchronize internal information system clocks to the authoritative time source when the time difference is greater than the organization-defined time period. Inaccurate time stamps make it more difficult to correlate events and can lead to an inaccurate analysis. Determining the correct time a particular event occurred on a system is critical when conducting forensic analysis and investigating system events. Synchronizing internal information system clocks provides uniformity of time stamps for information systems with multiple system clocks and systems connected over a network. Organizations should consider setting time periods for different types of systems (e.g., financial, legal, or mission-critical systems). Organizations should also consider endpoints that may not have regular access to the authoritative time server (e.g., mobile, teleworking, and tactical endpoints). This requirement is related to the comparison done every 24 hours in CCI-001891 because a comparison must be done in order to determine the time difference. The organization-defined time period will depend on multiple factors, most notably the granularity of time stamps in audit logs. For example, if time stamps only show to the nearest second, there is no need to have accuracy of a tenth of a second in clocks.
SV-80741r1_rule HFFS-ND-000100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must be configured to synchronize internal information system clocks with the primary and secondary time sources located in different geographic regions using redundant authoritative time sources. The loss of connectivity to a particular authoritative time source will result in the loss of time synchronization (free-run mode) and increasingly inaccurate time stamps on audit events and other functions. Multiple time sources provide redundancy by including a secondary source. Time synchronization is usually a hierarchy; clients synchronize time to a local source while that source synchronizes its time to a more accurate source. The HP FlexFabric Switch must utilize an authoritative time server and/or be configured to use redundant authoritative time sources. This requirement is related to the comparison done in CCI-001891. DoD-approved solutions consist of a combination of a primary and secondary time source using a combination or multiple instances of the following: a time server designated for the appropriate DoD network (NIPRNet/SIPRNet); United States Naval Observatory (USNO) time servers; and/or the Global Positioning System (GPS). The secondary time source must be located in a different geographic region than the primary time source.
SV-80743r1_rule HFFS-ND-000101 CCI-001890 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must record time stamps for audit records that can be mapped to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). If time stamps are not consistently applied and there is no common time reference, it is difficult to perform forensic analysis. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time. Time is commonly expressed in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), a modern continuation of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), or local time with an offset from UTC.
SV-80745r1_rule HFFS-ND-000102 CCI-001889 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must record time stamps for audit records that meet a granularity of one second for a minimum degree of precision. Without sufficient granularity of time stamps, it is not possible to adequately determine the chronological order of records. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time. Granularity of time measurements refers to the degree of synchronization between information system clocks and reference clocks.
SV-80747r1_rule HFFS-ND-000113 CCI-002041 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must allow the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Without providing this capability, an account may be created without a password. Non-repudiation cannot be guaranteed once an account is created if a user is not forced to change the temporary password upon initial logon. Temporary passwords are typically used to allow access to applications when new accounts are created or passwords are changed. It is common practice for administrators to create temporary passwords for user accounts that allow the users to log on yet force them to change the password once they have successfully authenticated.
SV-80749r1_rule HFFS-ND-000116 CCI-002890 MEDIUM Applications used for nonlocal maintenance sessions must implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of nonlocal maintenance and diagnostic communications. This requires the use of secure protocols instead of their unsecured counterparts, such as SSH instead of telnet, SCP instead of FTP, and HTTPS instead of HTTP. If unsecured protocols (lacking cryptographic mechanisms) are used for sessions, the contents of those sessions will be susceptible to manipulation, potentially allowing alteration and hijacking of maintenance sessions.
SV-80751r1_rule HFFS-ND-000117 CCI-003123 MEDIUM Applications used for nonlocal maintenance sessions must implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of nonlocal maintenance and diagnostic communications. This requires the use of secure protocols instead of their unsecured counterparts, such as SSH instead of telnet, SCP instead of FTP, and HTTPS instead of HTTP. If unsecured protocols (lacking cryptographic mechanisms) are used for sessions, the contents of those sessions will be susceptible to eavesdropping, potentially putting sensitive data (including administrator passwords) at risk of compromise and potentially allowing hijacking of maintenance sessions.
SV-80753r1_rule HFFS-ND-000118 CCI-002385 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must protect against or limit the effects of all known types of Denial of Service (DoS) attacks on the HP FlexFabric Switch management network by employing organization-defined security safeguards. DoS is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. When this occurs, the organization either cannot accomplish its mission or must operate at degraded capacity. This requirement addresses the configuration of network devices to mitigate the impact of DoS attacks that have occurred or are ongoing on device availability. For each network device, known and potential DoS attacks must be identified and solutions for each type implemented. A variety of technologies exist to limit or, in some cases, eliminate the effects of DoS attacks (e.g., limiting processes or restricting the number of sessions the device opens at one time). Employing increased capacity and bandwidth, combined with service redundancy, may reduce the susceptibility to some DoS attacks. The security safeguards cannot be defined at the DoD level because they vary according to the capabilities of the individual network devices and the security controls applied on the adjacent networks (for example, firewalls performing packet filtering to block DoS attacks).
SV-80755r1_rule HFFS-ND-000119 CCI-000366 MEDIUM If the HP FlexFabric Switch uses mandatory access control, the HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce organization-defined mandatory access control policies over all subjects and objects. Mandatory access control policies constrain what actions subjects can take with information obtained from data objects for which they have already been granted access, thus preventing the subjects from passing the information to unauthorized subjects and objects. This class of mandatory access control policies also constrains what actions subjects can take with respect to the propagation of access control privileges; that is, a subject with a privilege cannot pass that privilege to other subjects. Enforcement of mandatory access control is typically provided via an implementation that meets the reference monitor concept. The reference monitor enforces (mediates) access relationships between all subjects and objects based on privilege and need to know. The mandatory access control policies are defined uniquely for each network device, so they cannot be specified in the requirement. An example of where mandatory access control may be needed is to prevent administrators from tampering with audit objects.
SV-80757r1_rule HFFS-ND-000120 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to modify administrator privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80759r1_rule HFFS-ND-000121 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to delete administrator privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80761r1_rule HFFS-ND-000122 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful logon attempts occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80763r1_rule HFFS-ND-000123 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records for privileged activities or other system-level access. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80765r1_rule HFFS-ND-000124 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records showing starting and ending time for administrator access to the system. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80767r1_rule HFFS-ND-000125 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records when concurrent logons from different workstations occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80769r1_rule HFFS-ND-000126 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the HP FlexFabric Switch (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-80771r1_rule HFFS-ND-000127 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must off-load audit records onto a different system or media than the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity.
SV-80773r1_rule HFFS-ND-000129 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must notify the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful logon allows the administrator to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of logon including, but not limited to, SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity. The organization-defined time period is dependent on the frequency with which administrators typically log on to the HP FlexFabric Switch.
SV-80775r1_rule HFFS-ND-000131 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must generate audit log events for a locally developed list of auditable events. Auditing and logging are key components of any security architecture. Logging the actions of specific events provides a means to investigate an attack; to recognize resource utilization or capacity thresholds; or to identify an improperly configured network device. If auditing is not comprehensive, it will not be useful for intrusion monitoring, security investigations, and forensic analysis.
SV-80777r1_rule HFFS-ND-000132 CCI-000345 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must enforce access restrictions associated with changes to the system components. Changes to the hardware or software components of the HP FlexFabric Switch can have significant effects on the overall security of the network. Therefore, only qualified and authorized individuals should be allowed administrative access to the HP FlexFabric Switch for implementing any changes or upgrades. This requirement applies to updates of the application files, configuration, ACLs, and policy filters.
SV-80779r1_rule HFFS-ND-000137 CCI-000366 LOW The HP FlexFabric Switch must support organizational requirements to conduct backups of system level information contained in the information system when changes occur or weekly, whichever is sooner. System-level information includes default and customized settings and security attributes, including ACLs that relate to the HP FlexFabric Switch configuration, as well as software required for the execution and operation of the device. Information system backup is a critical step in ensuring system integrity and availability. If the system fails and there is no backup of the system-level information, a denial of service condition is possible for all who utilize this critical network component. This control requires the HP FlexFabric Switch to support the organizational central backup process for system-level information associated with the HP FlexFabric Switch. This function may be provided by the HP FlexFabric Switch itself; however, the preferred best practice is a centralized backup rather than each network device performing discrete backups.
SV-80781r1_rule HFFS-ND-000138 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must employ automated mechanisms to assist in the tracking of security incidents. Despite the investment in perimeter defense technologies, enclaves are still faced with detecting, analyzing, and remediating network breaches and exploits that have made it past the HP FlexFabric Switch. An automated incident response infrastructure allows network operations to immediately react to incidents by identifying, analyzing, and mitigating any network device compromise. Incident response teams can perform root cause analysis, determine how the exploit proliferated, and identify all affected nodes, as well as contain and eliminate the threat. The HP FlexFabric Switch assists in the tracking of security incidents by logging detected security events. The audit log and network device application logs capture different types of events. The audit log tracks audit events occurring on the components of the HP FlexFabric Switch. The application log tracks the results of the HP FlexFabric Switch content filtering function. These logs must be aggregated into a centralized server and can be used as part of the organization's security incident tracking and analysis.
SV-80783r1_rule HFFS-ND-000139 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric Switch must obtain its public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through an approved service provider. For user certificates, each organization obtains certificates from an approved, shared service provider, as required by OMB policy. For federal agencies operating a legacy public key infrastructure cross-certified with the Federal Bridge Certification Authority at medium assurance or higher, this Certification Authority will suffice.
SV-80785r1_rule HFFS-ND-000140 CCI-000366 HIGH The HP FlexFabric Switch must have a local account that will only be used as an account of last resort with full access to the network device. In the event the network device loses connectivity to the management network authentication service, only a local account can gain access to the switch to perform configuration and maintenance. Without this capability, the network device is inaccessible to administrators.
SV-80787r1_rule HFFS-ND-000141 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric switch must be configured to utilize an authentication server for the purpose of authenticating privilege users, managing accounts, and to centrally verify authentication settings and Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credentials. To assure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational administrators must be uniquely identified and authenticated for all network management accesses to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system. Protecting access authorization information ensures that authorization information cannot be altered, spoofed, or otherwise compromised during transmission. The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without centralized management is not scalable or feasible. Without centralized management, it is likely that credentials for some network devices will be forgotten, leading to delays in administration, which itself leads to delays in remediating production problems.
SV-80789r1_rule HFFS-ND-000142 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric switch must be configured to send log data to a syslog server for the purpose of forwarding alerts to the administrators and the ISSO. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply create a new account. Notification of account creation is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail which documents the creation of accounts and notifies administrators and Information System Security Officers (ISSOs). Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously created and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.
SV-80791r1_rule HFFS-ND-000143 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The HP FlexFabric switch must be configured to send SNMP traps and notifications to the SNMP manager for the purpose of sending alarms and notifying appropriate personnel as required by specific events. If appropriate actions are not taken when a network device failure occurs, a denial of service condition may occur which could result in mission failure since the network would be operating without a critical security monitoring and prevention function. Upon detecting a failure of network device security components, the HP FlexFabric Switch must activate a system alert message, send an alarm, or shut down. By immediately displaying an alarm message, potential security violations can be identified more quickly even when administrators are not logged on to the device. This can be facilitated by the switch sending SNMP traps to the SNMP manager that can then have the necessary action taken by automatic or operator intervention.