HP-UX 11.31 Security Technical Implementation Guide

U_HPUX_11-31_STIG_V1R17_Manual-xccdf.xml

The HP-UX 11.31 Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]
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Version / Release: V1R17

Published: 2018-03-01

Updated At: 2018-09-23 19:13:15

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Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description
SV-38318r2_rule GEN000020 CCI-000213 MEDIUM The system must require authentication upon booting into single-user and maintenance modes. Single user mode access must be strictly limited to privileged users. The ability to boot to single user mode allows a malicious user the opportunity to modify, compromise, or otherwise damage the system.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38441r1_rule GEN000280 CCI-000770 MEDIUM Direct logins must not be permitted to share, default, application, or utility accounts. Shared accounts (accounts where two or more people log in with the same user identification) do not provide identification and authentication. There is no way to provide for non-repudiation or individual accountability.System AdministratorIAIA-1
SV-38442r2_rule GEN000300 CCI-000764 MEDIUM All accounts on the system must have unique user or account names. A unique user name is the first part of the identification and authentication process. If user names are not unique, there can be no accountability on the system for auditing purposes. Multiple accounts sharing the same name could result in the Denial of Service to one or both of the accounts or unauthorized access to files or privileges.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38443r2_rule GEN000320 CCI-000764 MEDIUM All accounts must be assigned unique User Identification Numbers (UIDs). Accounts sharing a UID have full access to each others' files. This has the same effect as sharing a login. There is no way to assure identification, authentication, and accountability because the system sees them as the same user. If the duplicate UID is 0, this gives potential intruders another privileged account to attack.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38444r1_rule GEN000400 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Department of Defense (DoD) login banner must be displayed immediately prior to, or as part of, console login prompts. Failure to display the logon banner prior to a logon attempt will negate legal proceedings resulting from unauthorized access to system resources.System AdministratorECWM-1
SV-27082r1_rule GEN000440 CCI-000126 MEDIUM Successful and unsuccessful logins and logouts must be logged. Monitoring and recording successful and unsuccessful logins assists in tracking unauthorized access to the system. Without this logging, the ability to track unauthorized activity to specific user accounts may be diminished.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38445r2_rule GEN000460 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The system must disable accounts after three consecutive unsuccessful login attempts. Disabling accounts after a limited number of unsuccessful login attempts improves protection against password guessing attacks.System AdministratorECLO-1, ECLO-2
SV-38446r3_rule GEN000480 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The delay between login prompts following a failed login attempt must be at least 4 seconds. Enforcing a delay between consecutive failed login attempts increases protection against automated password guessing attacks.GEN000480Attack mitigations to minimize risk: 1. Ensure that the “nodelay” parameter is not found in the /etc/pam.conf file. 2. In the file /opt/ssh/etc/sshd_config, the “MaxAuthTries” attribute must be explicitly set to “1”. This attribute controls the maximum number of authentication attempts permitted per SSH daemon connection. 3. In the file /opt/ssh/etc/sshd_config, the “MaxStartups” attribute must be explicitly set to an organization defined value of “10” (the default) or less. This attribute controls the maximum number of unauthenticated connections to the SSH daemon. 4. IPFilter DCA mode is disabled by default, and must be explicitly enabled. Set the following attribute in the /etc/rc.config.d/ipfconf file: DCA_START=1 The below /etc/opt/ipf/ipf.conf file rule specifies a connection limit of ““ for all hosts when attempting to connect to port ““. The ““ and ““ must be set to organization defined values. Per vendor documentation, this rule must be the next-to-last rule in /etc/opt/ipf/ipf.conf. The final rule in the file must define the default connection limit. See the below example for the last 2 line entries in /etc/opt/ipf/ipf.conf (note that the double quotes are for emphasis only): “pass in proto tcp from any to any port = keep limit “ “block in from any to any” Save the file before exiting the editor. The system should not require restarting for the new rule(s) to take effect. System Administrator
SV-38447r1_rule GEN000520 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The root user must not own the logon session for an application requiring a continuous display. If an application is providing a continuous display and is running with root privileges, unauthorized users could interrupt the process and gain root access to the system.System AdministratorPESL-1
SV-38448r2_rule GEN000560 CCI-000366 HIGH The system must not have accounts configured with blank or null passwords. If an account is configured for password authentication but does not have an assigned password, it may be possible to log into the account without authentication. If the root user is configured without a password, the entire system may be compromised. For user accounts not using password authentication, the account must be configured with a password lock value instead of a blank or null value. System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38449r1_rule GEN000880 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The root account must be the only account having an UID of 0. If an account has an UID of 0, it has root authority. Multiple accounts with an UID of 0 afford more opportunity for potential intruders to compromise a privileged account.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34829r1_rule GEN000900 CCI-000366 LOW The root user's home directory must not be the root directory (/). Changing the root home directory to something other than / and assigning it a 0700 protection makes it more difficult for intruders to manipulate the system by reading the files root places in its default directory. It also gives root the same discretionary access control for root's home directory as for the other plain user home directories.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38450r1_rule GEN000920 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The root account's home directory (other than /) must have mode 0700. Permissions greater than 0700 could allow unauthorized users access to the root home directory.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38451r3_rule GEN000940 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The root accounts executable search path must contain only authorized paths. The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, executables in these directories may be executed instead of system commands. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Entries starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-38452r1_rule GEN000960 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The root account must not have world-writable directories in its executable search path. If the root search path contains a world-writable directory, malicious software could be placed in the path by intruders and/or malicious users and inadvertently run by root with all of root's privileges. System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38453r2_rule GEN000980 CCI-000770 MEDIUM The system must prevent the root account from directly logging in except from the system console. Limiting the root account direct logins to only system consoles protects the root account from direct unauthorized access from a non-console device.System Administrator
SV-38454r1_rule GEN000360 CCI-000366 MEDIUM GIDs reserved for system accounts must not be assigned to non-system groups. Reserved GIDs are typically used by system software packages. If non-system groups have GIDs in this range, they may conflict with system software, possibly leading to the group having permissions to modify system files.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38455r1_rule GEN000380 CCI-000366 LOW All GIDs referenced in the /etc/passwd file must be defined in the /etc/group file. If a user is assigned the GID of a group not existing on the system, and a group with that GID is subsequently created, the user may have unintended rights to the group.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35141r1_rule GEN006480 CCI-001259 MEDIUM The system must have a host-based intrusion detection tool installed. Without a host-based intrusion detection tool, there is no system-level defense when an intruder gains access to a system or network. Additionally, a host-based intrusion detection tool can provide methods to immediately lock out detected intrusion attempts.System AdministratorECID-1
SV-38456r2_rule GEN000120 CCI-001227 MEDIUM System security patches and updates must be installed and up-to-date. Timely patching is critical for maintaining the operational availability, confidentiality, and integrity of Information Technology (IT) systems. However, failure to keep operating system and application software patched is a common mistake made by IT professionals. New patches are released daily, and it is often difficult for even experienced system administrators to keep abreast of all the new patches. When new weaknesses in an operating system exist, patches are usually made available by the vendor to resolve the problems. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses present in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.System Administrator
SV-38457r1_rule GEN001140 CCI-000225 MEDIUM System files and directories must not have uneven access permissions. Discretionary access control is undermined if users, other than a file owner, have greater access permissions to system files and directories than the owner.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-34833r1_rule GEN001160 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All files and directories must have a valid owner. Unowned files and directories may be unintentionally inherited if a user is assigned the same UID as the UID of the unowned files.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38458r1_rule GEN001180 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All network services daemon files must have mode 0755 or less permissive. Restricting permission on daemons will protect them from unauthorized modification and possible system compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35275r1_rule GEN001260 CCI-001314 MEDIUM System log files must have mode 0640 or less permissive. If the system log files are not protected, unauthorized users could change the logged data, eliminating its forensic value.System AdministratorECTP-1
SV-38459r1_rule GEN001800 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All skeleton files (typically those in /etc/skel) must have mode 0444 or less permissive. If the skeleton files are not protected, unauthorized personnel could change user startup parameters and possibly jeopardize user files. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38460r1_rule GEN001320 CCI-000225 MEDIUM NIS/NIS+/yp files must be owned by root, sys, or bin. NIS/NIS+/yp files are part of the system's identification and authentication processes and are, therefore, critical to system security. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to root or bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38461r1_rule GEN001340 CCI-000225 MEDIUM NIS/NIS+/yp files must be group-owned by root, sys, bin, or other. NIS/NIS+/yp files are part of the system's identification and authentication processes and are, therefore, critical to system security. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to root or bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38462r1_rule GEN001360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The NIS/NIS+/yp command files must have mode 0755 or less permissive. NIS/NIS+/yp files are part of the system's identification and authentication processes and are, therefore, critical to system security. Unauthorized modification of these files could compromise these processes and the system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38463r2_rule GEN001280 CCI-000225 LOW Manual page files must have mode 0644 or less permissive. If manual pages are compromised, misleading information could be inserted, causing actions possibly compromising the system.
SV-38464r1_rule GEN001300 CCI-001499 MEDIUM Library files must have mode 0755 or less permissive. Unauthorized access could destroy the integrity of the library files.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38465r1_rule GEN001200 CCI-001499 MEDIUM All system command files must have mode 755 or less permissive. Restricting permissions will protect system command files from unauthorized modification. System command files include files present in directories used by the operating system for storing default system executables and files present in directories included in the system's default executable search paths.Elevate to Severity Code I if any file listed world-writable.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38466r1_rule GEN001220 CCI-001499 MEDIUM All system files, programs, and directories must be owned by a system account. Restricting permissions will protect the files from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38467r1_rule GEN001240 CCI-001499 MEDIUM System files, programs, and directories must be group-owned by a system group. Restricting permissions will protect the files from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38468r2_rule GEN001400 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/shadow (or equivalent) file must be owned by root. The /etc/shadow file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to root or bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System Administrator
SV-38469r1_rule GEN001380 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/passwd file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. If the passwd file is writable by a group owner or the world, the risk of passwd file compromise is increased. The passwd file contains the list of accounts on the system and associated information.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38470r2_rule GEN001420 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/shadow (or equivalent) file must have mode 0400. The /etc/shadow file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. The file also contains password hashes which must not be accessible to users other than root. The Trusted Mode /tcb tree requires modes more permissive than the shadow file.System Administrator
SV-38471r1_rule GEN002380 CCI-000368 MEDIUM The owner, group-owner, mode, ACL, and location of files with the setuid bit set must be documented using site-defined procedures. All files with the setuid bit set will allow anyone running these files to be temporarily assigned the UID of the file. While many system files depend on these attributes for proper operation, security problems can result if setuid is assigned to programs that allow reading and writing of files, or shell escapes. Only default vendor-supplied executables should have the setuid bit set.trueSystem AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECPA-1
SV-34943r1_rule GEN002440 CCI-000368 MEDIUM The owner, group-owner, mode, ACL, and location of files with the setgid bit set must be documented using site-defined procedures. All files with the setgid bit set will allow anyone running these files to be temporarily assigned the GID of the file. While many system files depend on these attributes for proper operation, security problems can result if setgid is assigned to programs that allow reading and writing of files, or shell escapes.trueSystem AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECPA-1
SV-38472r1_rule GEN002400 CCI-000318 MEDIUM The system must be checked weekly for unauthorized setuid files as well as unauthorized modification to authorized setuid files. Files with the setuid bit set will allow anyone running these files to be temporarily assigned the UID of the file. While many system files depend on these attributes for proper operation, security problems can result if setuid is assigned to programs that allow reading and writing of files, or shell escapes.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38473r1_rule GEN002460 CCI-000318 MEDIUM The system must be checked weekly for unauthorized setgid files as well as unauthorized modification to authorized setgid files. Files with the setgid bit set will allow anyone running these files to be temporarily assigned the group id of the file. While many system files depend on these attributes for proper operation, security problems can result if setgid is assigned to programs that allow reading and writing of files, or shell escapes.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-34946r1_rule GEN002420 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Removable media, remote file systems, and any file system not containing approved setuid files must be mounted with the "nosuid" option. The "nosuid" mount option causes the system to not execute setuid files with owner privileges. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved setuid files. Executing setuid files from untrusted file systems, or file systems that do not contain approved setuid files, increases the opportunity for unprivileged users to attain unauthorized administrative access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38474r1_rule GEN002500 CCI-000366 LOW The sticky bit must be set on all public directories. Failing to set the sticky bit on the public directories allows unauthorized users to delete files in the directory structure. The only authorized public directories are those temporary directories supplied with the system or those designed to be temporary file repositories. The setting is normally reserved for directories used by the system and by users for temporary file storage (e.g., /tmp) and for directories requiring global read/write access.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-34950r1_rule GEN002520 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All public directories must be owned by root or an application account. If a public directory has the sticky bit set and is not owned by a privileged UID, unauthorized users may be able to modify files created by others. The only authorized public directories are those temporary directories supplied with the system or those designed to be temporary file repositories. The setting is normally reserved for directories used by the system and by users for temporary file storage (e.g., /tmp) and for directories requiring global read/write access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38475r1_rule GEN002560 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system and user default umask must be 077. The umask controls the default access mode assigned to newly created files. An umask of 077 limits new files to mode 700 or less permissive. Although umask can be represented as a 4-digit number, the first digit representing special access modes is typically ignored or required to be 0. This requirement applies to the globally configured system defaults and the user defaults for each account on the system.trueIf the default umask is 000 or does not restrict the world-writable permission, this becomes a CAT I finding.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-27264r2_rule GEN002640 CCI-000178 MEDIUM Default system accounts must be disabled or removed. Vendor accounts and software may contain backdoors that will allow unauthorized access to the system. These backdoors are common knowledge and present a threat to system security if the account is not disabled.System AdministratorIAAC-1
SV-38476r1_rule GEN002660 CCI-000169 MEDIUM Auditing must be implemented. Without auditing, individual system accesses cannot be tracked and malicious activity cannot be detected and traced back to an individual account.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38477r2_rule GEN002680 CCI-000162 MEDIUM System audit logs must be owned by root. Failure to give ownership of system audit log files to root provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information.System AdministratorECTP-1
SV-38478r2_rule GEN002700 CCI-000163 MEDIUM System audit logs must have mode 0640 or less permissive. If a user can write to the audit logs, audit trails can be modified or destroyed and system intrusion may not be detected. System audit logs are those files generated from the audit system and do not include activity, error, or other log files created by application software.System AdministratorECTP-1
SV-38479r1_rule GEN002720 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The audit system must be configured to audit failed attempts to access files and programs. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38480r1_rule GEN002740 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The audit system must be configured to audit file deletions. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38481r1_rule GEN002760 CCI-000347 MEDIUM The audit system must be configured to audit all administrative, privileged, and security actions. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38482r1_rule GEN002800 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The audit system must be configured to audit login, logout, and session initiation. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38483r1_rule GEN002820 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The audit system must be configured to audit all discretionary access control permission modifications. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-35067r1_rule GEN003720 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The inetd.conf file, xinetd.conf file, and the xinetd.d directory must be owned by root or bin. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to root provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35072r1_rule GEN003740 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The inetd.conf and xinetd.conf files must have mode 0440 or less permissive. The Internet service daemon configuration files must be protected as malicious modification could cause Denial of Service or increase the attack surface of the system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35077r1_rule GEN003760 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The services file must be owned by root or bin. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to root or bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35078r1_rule GEN003780 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The services file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. The services file is critical to the proper operation of network services and must be protected from unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modification could result in the failure of network services.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38484r1_rule GEN001780 CCI-000366 LOW Global initialization files must contain the mesg -n or mesg n commands. If the mesg -n or mesg n command is not placed into the system profile, messaging can be used to cause a Denial of Service attack.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35140r1_rule GEN003900 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The hosts.lpd file (or equivalent) must not contain a "+" character. Having the "+" character in the hosts.lpd (or equivalent) file allows all hosts to use local system print resources.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-35143r1_rule GEN003920 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The hosts.lpd (or equivalent) file must be owned by root, bin, sys, or lp. Failure to give ownership of the hosts.lpd file to root, bin, sys, or lp provides the designated owner, and possible unauthorized users, with the potential to modify the hosts.lpd file. Unauthorized modifications could disrupt access to local printers from authorized remote hosts or permit unauthorized remote access to local printers.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35148r1_rule GEN003940 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The hosts.lpd (or equivalent) must have mode 0644 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the hosts.lpd (or equivalent) file may permit unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modifications could disrupt access to local printers from authorized remote hosts or permit unauthorized remote access to local printers.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35161r1_rule GEN004360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The alias file must be owned by root. If the aliases file is not owned by root, an unauthorized user may modify the file to add aliases to run malicious code or redirect e-mail.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35165r1_rule GEN004380 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The alias file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the aliases file may permit unauthorized modification. If the alias file is modified by an unauthorized user, they may modify the file to run malicious code or redirect e-mail.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35169r1_rule GEN004400 CCI-000225 HIGH Files executed through a mail aliases file must be owned by root and must reside within a directory owned and writable only by root. If a file executed through a mail aliases file is not owned and writable only by root, it may be subject to unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modification of files executed through aliases may allow unauthorized users to attain root privileges.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35043r1_rule GEN004420 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Files executed through a mail aliases file must have mode 0755 or less permissive. If a file executed through a mail alias file has permissions greater than 0755, it can be modified by an unauthorized user and may contain malicious code or instructions possibly compromising the system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35047r1_rule GEN004440 CCI-000366 LOW Sendmail logging must not be set to less than 9 in the sendmail.cf file. If Sendmail is not configured to log at level 9, system logs may not contain the information necessary for tracking unauthorized use of the sendmail service.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-35051r1_rule GEN004460 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The system syslog service must log informational and more severe SMTP service messages. If informational and more severe SMTP service messages are not logged, malicious activity on the system may go unnoticed.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35053r1_rule GEN004480 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SMTP service log file must be owned by root. If the SMTP service log file is not owned by root, then unauthorized personnel may modify or delete the file to hide a system compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35058r1_rule GEN004500 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SMTP service log file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. If the SMTP service log file is more permissive than 0644, unauthorized users may be allowed to change the log file.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35102r1_rule GEN004880 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The ftpusers file must exist. The ftpusers file contains a list of accounts not allowed to use FTP to transfer files. If this file does not exist, then unauthorized accounts can utilize FTP.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-35103r1_rule GEN004900 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The ftpusers file must contain account names not allowed to use FTP. The ftpusers file contains a list of accounts not allowed to use FTP to transfer files. If the file does not contain the names of all accounts not authorized to use FTP, then unauthorized use of FTP may take place.System Administrator
SV-38485r1_rule GEN004920 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The ftpusers file must be owned by root. If the file ftpusers is not owned by root, an unauthorized user may modify the file to allow unauthorized accounts to use FTP.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38486r1_rule GEN004940 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The ftpusers file must have mode 0640 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the ftpusers file could permit unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modification could result in Denial of Service to authorized FTP users or permit unauthorized users to access the FTP service.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38995r1_rule GEN004980 CCI-000130 LOW The FTP daemon must be configured for logging or verbose mode. The -l option allows basic logging of connections. The verbose (on HP) and the debug (on Solaris) allow logging of what files the ftp session transferred. This extra logging makes it possible to easily track which files are being transferred onto or from a system. If they are not configured, the only option for tracking is the audit files. The audit files are much harder to read. If auditing is not properly configured, then there would be no record at all of the file transfer transactions.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-35100r1_rule GEN004820 CCI-001475 MEDIUM Anonymous FTP must not be active on the system unless authorized. Due to the numerous vulnerabilities inherent in anonymous FTP, it is not recommended for use. If anonymous FTP must be used on a system, the requirement must be authorized and approved in the system accreditation package.trueInformation Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35110r1_rule GEN005080 CCI-000366 HIGH The TFTP daemon must operate in "secure mode" which provides access only to a single directory on the host file system. Secure mode limits TFTP requests to a specific directory. If TFTP is not running in secure mode, it may be able to write to any file or directory and may seriously impair system integrity, confidentiality, and availability.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35155r1_rule GEN005100 CCI-000225 HIGH The TFTP daemon must have mode 0755 or less permissive. If TFTP runs with the setuid or setgid bit set, it may be able to write to any file or directory and may seriously impair system integrity, confidentiality, and availability.System AdministratorECPA-1
SV-35157r1_rule GEN005120 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The TFTP daemon must be configured to vendor specifications, including a dedicated TFTP user account, a non-login shell such as /bin/false, and a home directory owned by the TFTP user. If TFTP has a valid shell, it increases the likelihood that someone could logon to the TFTP account and compromise the system.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35160r1_rule GEN005160 CCI-000297 MEDIUM Any X Windows host must write .Xauthority files. .Xauthority files ensure the user is authorized to access the specific X Windows host. If .Xauthority files are not used, it may be possible to obtain unauthorized access to the X Windows host.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38487r1_rule GEN006400 CCI-001435 MEDIUM The Network Information System (NIS) protocol must not be used. Due to numerous security vulnerabilities existing within NIS, it must not be used. Possible alternative directory services are NIS+ and LDAP.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-38488r2_rule GEN001440 CCI-000225 LOW All interactive users must be assigned a home directory in the /etc/passwd file. If users do not have a valid home directory, there is no place for the storage and control of files they own.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38489r2_rule GEN001460 CCI-000225 LOW All interactive user home directories defined in the /etc/passwd file must exist. If a user has a home directory defined that does not exist, the user may be given the / directory, by default, as the current working directory upon logon. This could create a Denial of Service because the user would not be able to perform useful tasks in this location.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-34870r1_rule GEN001480 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All user home directories must have mode 0750 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on home directories allow unauthorized access to user files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38490r1_rule GEN001500 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All interactive user home directories must be owned by their respective users. If users do not own their home directories, unauthorized users could access user files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38491r1_rule GEN001520 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All interactive user home directories must be group-owned by the home directory owner's primary group. If the GID of the home directory is not the same as the GID of the user, this would allow unauthorized access to files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38492r1_rule GEN001860 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All local initialization files must be owned by the user or root. Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38493r1_rule GEN001880 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All local initialization files must have mode 0740 or less permissive. Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38494r1_rule GEN001580 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All run control scripts must have mode 0755 or less permissive. If the startup files are writable by other users, they could modify the startup files to insert malicious commands into the startup files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38495r3_rule GEN001600 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Run control scripts executable search paths must contain only authorized paths. The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, executables in these directories may be executed instead of system commands. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths. System Administrator
SV-38496r2_rule GEN001640 CCI-000225 HIGH Run control scripts must not execute world-writable programs or scripts. World-writable files could be modified accidentally or maliciously to compromise system integrity.System Administrator
SV-38499r1_rule GEN002000 CCI-000196 MEDIUM There must be no .netrc files on the system. Unencrypted passwords for remote FTP servers may be stored in .netrc files. Policy requires passwords to be encrypted in storage and not used in access scripts.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38497r1_rule GEN001540 CCI-000225 LOW All files and directories contained in interactive user home directories must be owned by the home directory's owner. If users do not own the files in their directories, unauthorized users may be able to access them. Additionally, if files are not owned by the user, this could be an indication of system compromise.trueSystem AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38498r1_rule GEN001560 CCI-000225 LOW All files and directories contained in user home directories must have mode 0750 or less permissive. Excessive permissions allow unauthorized access to user files. trueInformation Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34952r1_rule GEN002120 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/shells (or equivalent) file must exist. The shells file (or equivalent) lists approved default shells. It helps provide layered defense to the security approach by ensuring users cannot change their default shell to an unauthorized, unsecure shell.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-34953r1_rule GEN002140 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All shells referenced in /etc/passwd must be listed in the /etc/shells file, except any shells specified for the purpose of preventing logins. The shells file lists approved default shells. It helps provide layered defense to the security approach by ensuring users cannot change their default shell to an unauthorized, unsecure shell.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38500r2_rule GEN000760 CCI-000017 MEDIUM Accounts must be locked upon 35 days of inactivity. Inactive user accounts pose a risk to systems and applications. Owners of Inactive accounts will not notice if unauthorized access to their account has been obtained. There is a risk that inactive accounts can potentially be exploited to obtain and maintain undetected access to a system and/or application. The operating system must track periods of user account inactivity and disable all inactive accounts. Non-interactive accounts on the system, such as application accounts, may be documented exceptions. Non-interactive accounts on the system, such as application accounts, may be documented exceptions. Non-interactive accounts on the system, such as application accounts, may be documented exceptions. trueSystem AdministratorIAAC-1
SV-38501r1_rule GEN002200 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All shell files must be owned by root or bin. If shell files are owned by users other than root or bin, they could be modified by intruders or malicious users to perform unauthorized actions.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38502r1_rule GEN002220 CCI-000225 HIGH All shell files must have mode 0755 or less permissive. Shells with world/group-write permissions give the ability to maliciously modify the shell to obtain unauthorized access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38504r1_rule GEN002260 CCI-000318 LOW The system must be checked for extraneous device files at least weekly. If an unauthorized device is allowed to exist on the system, there is the possibility the system may perform unauthorized operations.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-38505r2_rule GEN002280 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Device files and directories must only be writable by users with a system account or as configured by the vendor. System device files in writable directories could be modified, removed, or used by an unprivileged user to control system hardware.System Administrator
SV-38506r1_rule GEN002300 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Device files used for backup must only be readable and/or writable by root or the backup user. System backups could be accidentally or maliciously overwritten and destroy the ability to recover the system if a compromise should occur. Unauthorized users could also copy system files.trueInformation Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38537r1_rule GEN006460 CCI-001435 MEDIUM Any Network Information System (NIS+) server must be operating at security level 2. If the NIS+ server is not operating in, at least, security level 2, there is no encryption and the system could be penetrated by intruders and/or malicious users.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35180r1_rule GEN005740 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The NFS export configuration file must be owned by root. Failure to give ownership of the NFS export configuration file to root provides the designated owner and possible unauthorized users with the potential to change system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35184r1_rule GEN005760 CCI-000225 LOW The Network File System (NFS) share configuration file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the NFS share configuration file could allow unauthorized modification of the file, which could result in Denial-of-Service to authorized NFS shares and the creation of additional unauthorized shares.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2, ECLP-1
SV-35191r3_rule GEN005800 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All NFS-shared system files and system directories must be owned by root, or a system account. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or directories to root provides the designated owner and possible unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35199r1_rule GEN005820 CCI-000062 MEDIUM The Network File System (NFS) anonymous UID and GID must be configured to values that have no permissions. When an NFS server is configured to deny remote root access, a selected UID and GID are used to handle requests from the remote root user. The UID and GID should be chosen from the system to provide the appropriate level of non-privileged access.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35201r1_rule GEN005840 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Network File System (NFS) server must be configured to restrict file system access to local hosts. The NFS access option limits user access to the specified level. This assists in protecting shared file systems. If access is not restricted, unauthorized hosts may be able to access the system's NFS shares.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35202r1_rule GEN005880 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The NFS server must not allow remote root access. If the NFS server allows root access to local file systems from remote hosts, this access could be used to compromise the system.System AdministratorInformation Assurance ManagerInformation Assurance OfficerEBRP-1
SV-35204r1_rule GEN005900 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The nosuid option must be enabled on all NFS client mounts. Enabling the nosuid mount option prevents the system from granting owner or group-owner privileges to programs with the suid or sgid bit set. If the system does not restrict this access, users with unprivileged access to the local system may be able to acquire privileged access by executing suid or sgid files located on the mounted NFS file system.System AdministratorInformation Assurance ManagerInformation Assurance OfficerECPA-1
SV-35198r1_rule GEN006580 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must use an access control program. Access control programs (such as TCP_WRAPPERS) provide the ability to enhance system security posture.System AdministratorEBRU-1
SV-35206r2_rule GEN006600 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The system's access control program must log each system’s access attempt. If access attempts are not logged, then multiple attempts to log on to the system by an unauthorized user may go undetected.System AdministratorECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38681r2_rule GEN000000-HPUX0020 CCI-000293 MEDIUM The system must be configured to operate in a security mode. When operating in standard mode, account passwords are stored in the /etc/passwd file, which is world readable. By operating in either Trusted Mode or Standard Mode with Security Extensions, the system security posture is enhanced thru the addition of a secure, non-world readable password container other than /etc/passwd.System AdministratorDCSW-1
SV-965r2_rule GEN000000-HPUX0080 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The HP-UX /etc/securetty must be group-owned by root, sys, or bin. Root, sys, and bin are the most privileged group accounts, by default, for most UNIX systems. If a file as sensitive as /etc/securetty is not group-owned by a privileged group, it could lead to system compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38682r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0060 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/securetty file must be owned by root. Failure to make root the owner of sensitive files and utilities may provide unauthorized owners the potential to access and/or change sensitive information or system configurations, thus weakening the overall security posture of a site.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-967r2_rule GEN000000-HPUX0100 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/securetty file must have mode 0640 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the /etc/securetty file could result in unauthorized modification of the file. Changes to the file could reduce the system's security by specifying additional terminals permitted to accept root logins, or deny service by preventing root logins on authorized terminals.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2, ECLP-1
SV-38541r1_rule GEN002960 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Access to the cron utility must be controlled using the cron.allow and/or cron.deny file(s). The cron facility allows users to execute recurring jobs on a regular and unattended basis. The cron.allow file designates accounts allowed to enter and execute jobs using the cron facility. If neither cron.allow nor cron.deny exists, then any account may use the cron facility. This may open the facility up for abuse by system intruders and malicious users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38542r1_rule GEN002980 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.allow file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. A cron.allow file, readable and/or writable by other than root, could allow potential intruders and malicious users to use the file contents to help discern information, such as who is allowed to execute cron programs, which could be harmful to overall system and network security.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38543r1_rule GEN003000 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Cron must not execute group-writable or world-writable programs. If cron executes group-writable or world-writable programs, there is a possibility that unauthorized users could manipulate the programs with malicious intent. This could compromise system and network security.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38544r1_rule GEN003020 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Cron must not execute programs in, or subordinate to, world-writable directories. If cron programs are located in or subordinate to world-writable directories, they become vulnerable to removal and replacement by malicious users or system intruders.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38545r1_rule GEN003080 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Crontab files must have mode 0600 or less permissive, and files in cron script directories must have mode 0700 or less permissive. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38546r1_rule GEN003100 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Cron and crontab directories must have mode 0755 or less permissive. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and to prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38547r1_rule GEN003120 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Cron and crontab directories must be owned by root or bin. Incorrect ownership of the cron or crontab directories could permit unauthorized users the ability to alter cron jobs and run automated jobs as privileged users. Failure to give ownership of cron or crontab directories to root or to bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38548r1_rule GEN003140 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Cron and crontab directories must be group-owned by root, sys, bin or other. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and to prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured. Failure to give group-ownership of cron or crontab directories to a system group provides the designated group and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38549r1_rule GEN003160 CCI-000126 MEDIUM Cron logging must be implemented. Cron logging can be used to trace the successful or unsuccessful execution of cron jobs. It can also be used to spot intrusions into the use of the cron facility by unauthorized and malicious users.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38550r1_rule GEN003180 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cronlog file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. Cron logs contain reports of scheduled system activities and must be protected from unauthorized access or manipulation.System AdministratorECLP-1, ECTP-1
SV-35033r1_rule GEN003280 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Access to the at utility must be controlled via the at.allow and/or at.deny file(s). The at facility selectively allows users to execute jobs at deferred times. It is usually used for one-time jobs. The at.allow file selectively allows access to the at facility. If there is no at.allow file, there is no ready documentation of who is allowed to submit at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38551r1_rule GEN003300 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.deny file must not be empty if it exists. On some systems, if there is no at.allow file and there is an empty at.deny file, then the system assumes everyone has permission to use the at facility. This could create an insecure setting in the case of malicious users or system intruders.trueInformation Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38552r1_rule GEN003320 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Default system accounts (with the exception of root) must not be listed in the at.allow file or must be included in the at.deny file if the at.allow file does not exist. Default accounts, such as bin, sys, adm, uucp, daemon, and others, should never have access to the at facility. This would create a possible vulnerability open to intruders or malicious users.System AdministratorECPA-1
SV-38553r1_rule GEN003340 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.allow file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. Permissions more permissive than 0600 (i.e. read, write and execute for the owner) may allow unauthorized or malicious access to the at.allow and/or at.deny files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38554r1_rule GEN003360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at daemon must not execute group-writable or world-writable programs. If the at facility executes group- or world-writable programs, it is possible for the programs to be accidentally or maliciously changed or replaced without the owner's intent or knowledge. This would cause a system security breach.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38555r1_rule GEN003380 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at daemon must not execute programs in, or subordinate to, world-writable directories. If at programs are located in, or subordinate, to world-writable directories, they become vulnerable to removal and replacement by malicious users or system intruders.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-35172r1_rule GEN005300 CCI-000178 HIGH SNMP communities, users, and passphrases must be changed from the default. Whether active or not, default SNMP passwords, users, and passphrases must be changed to maintain security. If the service is running with the default authenticators, then anyone can gather data about the system and the network using the information to potentially compromise the integrity of the system or network(s).System AdministratorIAAC-1
SV-35176r1_rule GEN005320 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The snmpd.conf file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. The snmpd.conf file contains authenticators and must be protected from unauthorized access and modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35178r1_rule GEN005340 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Management Information Base (MIB) files must have mode 0640 or less permissive. The ability to read the MIB file could impart special knowledge to an intruder or malicious user about the ability to extract compromising information about the system or network.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35085r1_rule GEN003800 CCI-000134 LOW Inetd or xinetd logging/tracing must be enabled. Inetd or xinetd logging and tracing allows the system administrators to observe the IP addresses connecting to their machines and to observe what network services are being sought. This provides valuable information when trying to find the source of malicious users and potential malicious users.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38234r1_rule GEN008600 CCI-000366 HIGH The system must be configured to only boot from the system boot device. The ability to boot from removable media is the same as being able to boot into single user, or maintenance, mode without a password. This ability could allow a malicious user to boot the system and perform changes possibly compromising or damaging the system. It could also allow the system to be used for malicious purposes by a malicious anonymous user.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38236r1_rule GEN006240 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The system must not run an Internet Network News (INN) server. INN servers access Usenet newsfeeds and store newsgroup articles. INN servers use the Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) to transfer information from the Usenet to the server and from the server to authorized remote hosts. If this function is necessary to support a valid mission requirement, its use must be authorized and approved in the system accreditation package.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-35211r1_rule GEN006080 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) must be restricted to the local host or require SSL. SWAT is a tool used to configure Samba. As it modifies Samba configuration, which can impact system security, it must be protected from unauthorized access. SWAT authentication may involve the root password, which must be protected by encryption when traversing the network. Restricting access to the local host allows for the use of SSH TCP forwarding, if configured, or administration by a web browser on the local system.System AdministratorEBRP-1
SV-35213r1_rule GEN006100 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/smb.conf file must be owned by root. The /etc/smb.conf file allows access to other machines on the network and grants permissions to certain users. If it is owned by another user, the file may be maliciously modified and the Samba configuration could be compromised.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35221r1_rule GEN006140 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/opt/samba/smb.conf file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. If the smb.conf file has excessive permissions, the file may be maliciously modified and the Samba configuration could be compromised.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35225r1_rule GEN006160 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The smbpasswd file must be owned by root. If the smbpasswd file is not owned by root, the smbpasswd file may be maliciously accessed or modified, potentially resulting in the compromise of Samba accounts.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35107r1_rule GEN006220 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The smb.conf file must use the hosts option to restrict access to Samba. Samba increases the attack surface of the system and must be restricted to communicate only with systems requiring access.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38199r2_rule GEN000540 CCI-000198 MEDIUM Users must not be able to change passwords more than once every 24 hours. The ability to change passwords frequently facilitates users reusing the same password. This can result in users effectively never changing their passwords. This would be accomplished by users changing their passwords when required and then immediately changing it to the original value.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38240r1_rule GEN001100 CCI-000197 HIGH Root passwords must never be passed over a network in clear text form. If a user accesses the root account (or any account) using an unencrypted connection, the password is passed over the network in clear text form and is subject to interception and misuse. This is true even if recommended procedures are followed by logging on to a named account and using the su command to access root.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38207r1_rule GEN001120 CCI-000770 MEDIUM The system must not permit root logins using remote access programs such as SSH. Even though communications are encrypted, an additional layer of security may be gained by extending the policy of not logging directly on as root. In addition, logging in with a user-specific account preserves the audit trail.System AdministratorECPA-1
SV-38241r1_rule GEN002320 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Audio devices must have mode 0660 or less permissive. Globally accessible audio and video devices have proven to be another security hazard. There is software capable of activating system microphones and video devices connected to user workstations and/or X terminals. Once the microphone has been activated, it is possible to eavesdrop on otherwise private conversations without the victim being aware of it. This action effectively changes the user's microphone into a bugging device.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38242r1_rule GEN002340 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Audio devices must be owned by root. Globally accessible audio and video devices have proven to be another security hazard. There is software capable of activating system microphones and video devices connected to user workstations and/or X terminals. Once the microphone has been activated, it is possible to eavesdrop on otherwise private conversations without the victim being aware of it. This action effectively changes the user's microphone into a bugging device.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35219r1_rule GEN006120 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/smb.conf file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. If the group-owner of the smb.conf file is not root or a system group, the file may be maliciously modified and the Samba configuration could be compromised.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-37880r1_rule GEN006180 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The smbpasswd file must be group-owned by root. If the smbpasswd file is not group-owned by root, it may be maliciously accessed or modified, potentially resulting in the compromise of Samba accounts.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-37883r1_rule GEN006200 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The smbpasswd file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. If the smbpasswd file has a mode more permissive than 0600, it may be maliciously accessed or modified, potentially resulting in the compromise of Samba accounts.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-27252r1_rule GEN002360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Audio devices must be group-owned by root, sys, bin, or system. Without privileged group owners, audio devices will be vulnerable to being used as eaves-dropping devices by malicious users or intruders possibly listening to conversations containing sensitive information. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38208r1_rule GEN001080 CCI-000366 LOW The root shell must be located in the / file system. To ensure the root shell is available in repair and administrative modes, the root shell must be located in the / file system.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38416r2_rule GEN000500 CCI-000057 MEDIUM Graphical desktop environments provided by the system must automatically lock after 15 minutes of inactivity and must require users to re-authenticate to unlock the environment. If graphical desktop sessions do not lock the session after 15 minutes of inactivity, requiring re-authentication to resume operations, the system or individual data could be compromised by an alert intruder who could exploit the oversight. This requirement applies to graphical desktop environments provided by the system to locally attached displays and input devices as well as to graphical desktop environments provided to remote systems, including thin clients.System Administrator
SV-38417r2_rule GEN000800 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The system must prohibit the reuse of passwords within five iterations. If a user, or root, used the same password continuously or was allowed to change it back shortly after being forced to change it, this would provide a potential intruder with the opportunity to keep guessing at one user's password until it was guessed correctly.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38418r1_rule GEN001940 CCI-000225 MEDIUM User start-up files must not execute world-writable programs. If start-up files execute world-writable programs, especially in unprotected directories, they could be maliciously modified to become Trojans destroying user files or otherwise compromise the system at the user level or higher. If the system is compromised at the user level, it is much easier to eventually compromise the system at the root and network level.System AdministratorDCSW-1
SV-38420r1_rule GEN001660 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All system start-up files must be owned by root. System start-up files not owned by root could lead to system compromise by allowing malicious users or applications to modify them for unauthorized purposes. This could lead to system and network compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38421r1_rule GEN001680 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All system startup files must be group-owned by root, sys, bin or other. If system startup files do not have a group owner of root or a system group, the files may be modified by malicious users or intruders.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38422r1_rule GEN001700 CCI-000225 MEDIUM System start-up files must only execute programs owned by a privileged UID or an application. System start-up files that execute programs owned by other than root (or another privileged user) or an application indicate that the system may have been compromised.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38423r1_rule GEN008620 CCI-000213 MEDIUM System BIOS or system controllers supporting password protection must have administrator accounts/passwords configured, and no others. A system's BIOS or system controller handles the initial startup of a system and its configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification. When the BIOS or system controller supports the creation of user accounts or passwords, such protections must be used and accounts/passwords only assigned to system administrators. Failure to protect BIOS or system controller settings could result in Denial of Service or compromise of the system resulting from unauthorized configuration changes.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38424r1_rule GEN008640 CCI-000366 HIGH The system must not use removable media as the boot loader. Malicious users with removable boot media can gain access to a system configured to use removable media as the boot loader.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38425r1_rule GEN008680 CCI-001208 HIGH If the system boots from removable media, it must be stored in a safe or similarly secured container. Storing the boot loader on removable media in an insecure location could allow a malicious user to modify the systems boot instructions or boot to an insecure operating system.Information Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorPESS-1
SV-38426r1_rule GEN000290 CCI-000012 MEDIUM The system must not have unnecessary accounts. Accounts providing no operational purpose provide additional opportunities for system compromise. Unnecessary accounts include user accounts for individuals not requiring access to the system and application accounts for applications not installed on the system.System AdministratorIAAC-1
SV-35114r1_rule GEN006260 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/hosts.nntp (or equivalent) must have mode 0600 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the hosts.nntp file may allow unauthorized modification which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized users or provide access to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35116r1_rule GEN006280 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/hosts.nntp.nolimit (or equivalent) must have mode 0600 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the hosts.nntp.nolimit file may allow unauthorized modification which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized users or provide access to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35118r1_rule GEN006300 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/nnrp.access (or equivalent) must have mode 0600 or less permissive. Excessive permissions on the nnrp.access file may allow unauthorized modification which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized users or provide access to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35120r1_rule GEN006320 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/passwd.nntp file (or equivalent) must have mode 0600 or less permissive. File permissions more permissive than 0600 for /etc/news/passwd.nntp may allow access to privileged information by system intruders or malicious users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35122r1_rule GEN006340 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Files in /var/news must be owned by root or news. If critical system files are not owned by a privileged user, system integrity could be compromised.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35126r1_rule GEN006360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The files in /var/news must be group-owned by root or news. If critical system files do not have a privileged group-owner, system integrity could be compromised.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38429r2_rule GEN000000-HPUX0040 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The HP-UX AUDOMON_ARGS attribute must be explicitly initialized. The minimal set of auditing requirements necessary to collect useful forensics data and provide user help when violations are detected must be configured.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-35209r1_rule GEN005500 CCI-001436 HIGH The SSH daemon must be configured to only use the SSHv2 protocol. SSHv1 is not a DoD-approved protocol and has many well-known vulnerability exploits. Exploits of the SSH daemon could provide immediate root access to the system.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-27148r2_rule GEN001000 CCI-000070 MEDIUM Remote consoles must be disabled or protected from unauthorized access. The remote console feature provides an additional means of access to the system which could allow unauthorized access if not disabled or properly secured. With virtualization technologies, remote console access is essential as there is no physical console for virtual machines. Remote console access must be protected in the same manner as any other remote privileged access method.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38428r1_rule GEN000240 CCI-001492 MEDIUM The system clock must be synchronized to an authoritative DoD time source. To assure the accuracy of the system clock, it must be synchronized with an authoritative time source within DoD. Many system functions, including time-based login and activity restrictions, automated reports, system logs, and audit records depend on an accurate system clock. If there is no confidence in the correctness of the system clock, time-based functions may not operate as intended and records may be of diminished value. Authoritative time sources include authorized time servers within the enclave synchronized with upstream authoritative sources. Specific requirements for the upstream synchronization of Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers are covered in the Network Other Devices STIG. For systems located on isolated or closed networks, it is not necessary to synchronize with a global authoritative time source. If a global authoritative time source is not available to systems on an isolated network, a local authoritative time source must be established on this network and used by the systems connected to this network. This is necessary to provide the ability to correlate events and allow for the correct operation of time-dependent protocols between systems on the isolated network. If the system is completely isolated (no connections to networks or other systems), time synchronization is not required as no correlation of events between systems will be necessary. If the system is completely isolated, this requirement is not applicable. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35057r1_rule GEN003640 CCI-000553 MEDIUM The root file system must employ journaling or another mechanism ensuring file system consistency. File system journaling, or logging, can allow reconstruction of file system data after a system crash, thus, preserving the integrity of data that may have otherwise been lost. Journaling file systems typically do not require consistency checks upon booting after a crash, which can improve system availability. Some file systems employ other mechanisms to ensure consistency which also satisfy this requirement.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-35208r1_rule GEN006060 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The system must not run Samba unless needed. Samba is a tool used for the sharing of files and printers between Windows and UNIX operating systems. It provides access to sensitive files and, therefore, poses a security risk if compromised.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38427r1_rule GEN002860 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Audit logs must be rotated daily. Rotate audit logs daily to preserve audit file system space and to conform to the DoD requirement. If it is not rotated daily and moved to another location, then there is more of a chance for the compromise of audit data by malicious users.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38430r1_rule GEN003200 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.deny file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. If file permissions for cron.deny are more permissive than 0600, sensitive information could be viewed or edited by unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38431r1_rule GEN003220 CCI-000225 LOW Cron programs must not set the umask to a value less restrictive than 077. The umask controls the default access mode assigned to newly created files. An umask of 077 limits new files to mode 700 or less permissive. Although umask is often represented as a 4-digit octal number, the first digit representing special access modes is typically ignored or required to be 0.trueIf a cron program sets the umask to 000 or does not restrict the world-writable permission, this becomes a CAT I finding.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38432r1_rule GEN003240 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.allow file must be owned by root, bin, or sys. If the owner of the cron.allow file is not set to root, bin, or sys, the possibility exists for an unauthorized user to view or to edit sensitive information.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38433r1_rule GEN003400 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at directory must have mode 0755 or less permissive. If the at directory has a mode more permissive than 0755, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or to edit files containing sensitive information within the at directory. Unauthorized modifications could result in Denial of Service to authorized at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38434r1_rule GEN003420 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at directory must be owned by root, bin, or sys. If the owner of the at directory is not root, bin, or sys, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or edit files containing sensitive information within the directory.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34996r1_rule GEN003440 CCI-000225 MEDIUM "At" jobs must not set the umask to a value less restrictive than 077. The umask controls the default access mode assigned to newly created files. An umask of 077 limits new files to mode 700 or less permissive. Although umask is often represented as a 4-digit number, the first digit representing special access modes is typically ignored or required to be 0.trueSystem AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-34997r1_rule GEN003460 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.allow file must be owned by root, bin, or sys. If the owner of the at.allow file is not set to root, sys, or bin, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or edit sensitive information contained within the file.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34998r1_rule GEN003480 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.deny file must be owned by root, bin, or sys. If the owner of the at.deny file is not set to root, bin, or sys, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or edit sensitive information contained within the file.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35151r1_rule GEN003960 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The traceroute command owner must be root. If the traceroute command owner has not been set to root, an unauthorized user could use this command to obtain knowledge of the network topology inside the firewall. This information may allow an attacker to determine trusted routers and other network information possibly leading to system and network compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35154r1_rule GEN003980 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The traceroute command must be group-owned by sys, bin, root, or other. If the group owner of the traceroute command has not been set to a system group, unauthorized users could have access to the command and use it to gain information regarding a network's topology inside of the firewall. This information may allow an attacker to determine trusted routers and other network information possibly leading to system and network compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38435r1_rule GEN004000 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The traceroute file must have mode 0700 or less permissive. If the mode of the traceroute executable is more permissive than 0700, malicious code could be inserted by an attacker and triggered whenever the traceroute command is executed by authorized users. Additionally, if an unauthorized user is granted executable permissions to the traceroute command, it could be used to gain information about the network topology behind the firewall. This information may allow an attacker to determine trusted routers and other network information possibly leading to system and network compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35158r1_rule GEN004220 CCI-000225 HIGH Administrative accounts must not run a Web browser, except as needed for local service administration. If a Web browser flaw is exploited while running as a privileged user, the entire system could be compromised. Specific exceptions for local service administration should be documented in site-defined policy. These exceptions may include HTTP(S)-based tools used for the administration of the local system, services, or attached devices. Examples of possible exceptions are HP’s System Management Homepage (SMH), the Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) administrative interface, and Sun's StorageTek Common Array Manager (CAM) when these services are running on the local system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38436r1_rule GEN004560 CCI-000366 LOW The SMTP service's SMTP greeting must not provide version information. The version of the SMTP service can be used by attackers to plan an attack based on vulnerabilities present in the specific version.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35061r1_rule GEN004580 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not use .forward files. The .forward file allows users to automatically forward mail to another system. Use of .forward files could allow the unauthorized forwarding of mail and could potentially create mail loops which could degrade system performance.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35106r1_rule GEN005000 CCI-000225 HIGH Anonymous FTP accounts must not have a functional shell. If an anonymous FTP account has been configured to use a functional shell, attackers could gain access to the shell if the account is compromised.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-35108r1_rule GEN005020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The anonymous FTP account must be configured to use chroot or a similarly isolated environment. If an anonymous FTP account does not use a chroot or similarly isolated environment, the system may be more vulnerable to exploits against the FTP service. Such exploits could allow an attacker to gain shell access to the system and view, edit, or remove sensitive files.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35181r1_rule GEN005380 CCI-001208 MEDIUM If the system is a Network Management System (NMS) server, it must only run the NMS and any software required by the NMS. Installing extraneous software on a system designated as a dedicated NMS server poses a security threat to the system and the network. Should an attacker gain access to the NMS through unauthorized software, the entire network may be susceptible to malicious activity.System AdministratorDCPA-1
SV-38437r1_rule GEN005400 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/syslog.conf file must be owned by bin. If the /etc/syslog.conf file is not owned by bin, unauthorized users could be allowed to view, edit, or delete important system messages handled by the syslog facility.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35186r1_rule GEN005420 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/syslog.conf file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. If the group owner of /etc/syslog.conf is not root, bin, or sys, unauthorized users could be permitted to view, edit, or delete important system messages handled by the syslog facility.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35192r1_rule GEN005460 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must only use remote syslog servers (log hosts) justified and documented using site-defined procedures. If a remote log host is in use and it has not been justified and documented with the IAO, sensitive information could be obtained by unauthorized users without the SA's knowledge. A remote log host is any host to which the system is sending syslog messages over a network.trueSystem AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECSC-1
SV-30080r1_rule GEN005560 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured with a default gateway for IPv4 if the system uses IPv4, unless the system is a router. If a system has no default gateway defined, the system is at increased risk of man-in-the-middle, monitoring, and Denial of Service attacks.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35156r1_rule GEN005580 CCI-001208 MEDIUM A system used for routing must not run other network services or applications. Installing extraneous software on a system designated as a dedicated router poses a security threat to the system and the network. Should an attacker gain access to the router through the unauthorized software, the entire network is susceptible to malicious activity.System AdministratorDCSP-1
SV-35147r1_rule GEN006380 CCI-001436 HIGH The system must not use UDP for Network Information System (NIS/NIS+). Implementing NIS or NIS+ under UDP may make the system more susceptible to a Denial of Service attack and does not provide the same quality of service as TCP.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38438r1_rule GEN002020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All .rhosts, .shosts, or host.equiv files must only contain trusted host-user pairs. If these files are not properly configured, they could allow malicious access by unknown malicious users from untrusted hosts who could compromise the system.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-34960r1_rule GEN002060 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All .rhosts, .shosts, .netrc, or hosts.equiv files must be accessible by only root or the owner. If these files are accessible by users other than root or the owner, they could be used by a malicious user to set up a system compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38439r1_rule GEN003260 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.deny file must be owned by root, bin, or sys. Cron daemon control files restrict the scheduling of automated tasks and must be protected.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35130r1_rule GEN003820 CCI-000068 HIGH The remsh daemon must not be running. The remshd process provides a typically unencrypted, host-authenticated remote access service. SSH should be used in place of this service.System AdministratorEBRU-1
SV-35132r2_rule GEN003840 CCI-001435 HIGH The rexec daemon must not be running. The rexecd process provides a typically unencrypted, host-authenticated remote access service. SSH should be used in place of this service.trueInformation Assurance OfficerSystem Administrator
SV-35065r2_rule GEN004600 CCI-001230 HIGH The SMTP service must be an up-to-date version. The SMTP service version on the system must be current to avoid exposing vulnerabilities present in unpatched versions.System Administrator
SV-35070r1_rule GEN004620 CCI-000366 HIGH The Sendmail server must have the debug feature disabled. Debug mode is a feature present in older versions of Sendmail which, if not disabled, may allow an attacker to gain access to a system through the Sendmail service.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35071r1_rule GEN004640 CCI-001230 HIGH The SMTP service must not have a uudecode alias active. A common configuration for older mail transfer agents (MTAs) is to include an alias for the decode user. All mail sent to this user is sent to the uudecode program, which automatically converts and stores files. By sending mail to the decode or the uudecode aliases present on some systems, a remote attacker may be able to create or overwrite files on the remote host. This could possibly be used to gain remote access.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35076r1_rule GEN004660 CCI-000366 LOW The SMTP service must not have the EXPN feature active. The SMTP EXPN function allows an attacker to determine if an account exists on a system, providing significant assistance to a brute force attack on user accounts. EXPN may also provide additional information concerning users on the system, such as the full names of account owners.False positives may occur with the SMTP EXPN check. According to RFC821, it is acceptable for a server to respond with a 250 (success) or 550 (failure) when the server supports the EXPN command. For example, some servers return "550 EXPN command not available," meaning the command is not supported and the machine is not vulnerable. However, a result of "550 That is a mailing list, not a user" would be a failure code, but not an indication of an error, and the machine would be vulnerable. If a false positive is suspected, check your log file for the response from the server.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35083r1_rule GEN004680 CCI-000366 LOW The SMTP service must not have the VRFY feature active. The VRFY (Verify) command allows an attacker to determine if an account exists on a system, providing significant assistance to a brute force attack on user accounts. VRFY may provide additional information about users on the system, such as the full names of account owners.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35093r1_rule GEN004700 CCI-000366 LOW The Sendmail service must not have the wizard backdoor active. Very old installations of the Sendmail mailing system contained a feature whereby a remote user connecting to the SMTP port can enter the WIZ command and be given an interactive shell with root privileges.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38440r1_rule GEN005140 CCI-000225 HIGH Any active TFTP daemon must be authorized and approved in the system accreditation package. TFTP is a file transfer protocol often used by embedded systems to obtain configuration data or software. The service is unencrypted and does not require authentication of requests. Data available using this service may be subject to unauthorized access or interception.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerDCSW-1
SV-35171r1_rule GEN005280 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The system must not have the UUCP service active. The UUCP utility is designed to assist in transferring files, executing remote commands, and sending e-mail between UNIX systems over phone lines and direct connections between systems. The UUCP utility is a primitive and arcane system with many security issues. There are alternate data transfer utilities/products that can be configured to more securely transfer data by providing for authentication as well as encryption.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35168r1_rule GEN005200 CCI-000225 HIGH X displays must not be exported to the world. Open X displays allow an attacker to capture keystrokes and to execute commands remotely. Many users have their X Server set to xhost +, permitting access to the X Server by anyone, from anywhere.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35136r1_rule GEN003860 CCI-001551 LOW The system must not have the finger service active. The finger service provides information about the system's users to network clients. This could expose information that could be used in subsequent attacks.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-35101r1_rule GEN004840 CCI-000787 MEDIUM If the system is an anonymous FTP server, it must be isolated to the DMZ network. Anonymous FTP is a public data service which is only permitted in a server capacity when located on the DMZ network.Information Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38271r1_rule GEN000140 CCI-000293 MEDIUM A file integrity baseline including cryptographic hashes must be created and maintained. A file integrity baseline is a collection of file metadata which is to evaluate the integrity of the system. A minimal baseline must contain metadata for all device files, setuid files, setgid files, system libraries, system binaries, and system configuration files. The minimal metadata must consist of the mode, owner, group owner, and modification times. For regular files, metadata must also include file size and a cryptographic hash of the file’s contents.System AdministratorDCSW-1
SV-28610r2_rule GEN000220 CCI-001069 MEDIUM A file integrity tool must be used at least weekly to check for unauthorized file changes, particularly the addition of unauthorized system libraries or binaries, or for unauthorized modification to authorized system libraries or binaries. Changes in system libraries and binaries can indicate compromise or significant system events, such as patching needing to be checked by automated processes and the results reviewed by the SA. NOTE: The frequency may be increased to daily, if necessary, in accordance with the contingency plan.System Administrator
SV-38209r1_rule GEN000340 CCI-000366 MEDIUM UIDs reserved for system accounts must not be assigned to non-system accounts. Reserved UIDs are typically used by system software packages. If non-system accounts have UIDs in this range, they may conflict with system software, possibly leading to the user having permissions to modify system files. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-27111r4_rule GEN000580 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The system must require that passwords contain a minimum of 15 characters. The use of longer passwords reduces the ability of attackers to successfully obtain valid passwords using guessing or exhaustive search techniques by increasing the password search space.System Administrator
SV-38244r2_rule GEN000600 CCI-000192 MEDIUM The system must require passwords contain at least one uppercase alphabetic character. To enforce the use of complex passwords, minimum numbers of characters of different classes are mandated. The use of complex passwords reduces the ability of attackers to successfully obtain valid passwords using guessing or exhaustive search techniques. Complexity requirements increase the password search space by requiring users to construct passwords from a larger character set than they may otherwise use.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38245r2_rule GEN000620 CCI-000194 MEDIUM The system must require passwords contain at least one numeric character. To enforce the use of complex passwords, minimum numbers of characters of different classes are mandated. The use of complex passwords reduces the ability of attackers to successfully obtain valid passwords using guessing or exhaustive search techniques. Complexity requirements increase the password search space by requiring users to construct passwords from a larger character set than they may otherwise use.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38246r2_rule GEN000640 CCI-001619 MEDIUM The system must require passwords contain at least one special character. To enforce the use of complex passwords, minimum numbers of characters of different classes are mandated. The use of complex passwords reduces the ability of attackers to successfully obtain valid passwords using guessing or exhaustive search techniques. Complexity requirements increase the password search space by requiring users to construct passwords from a larger character set than they may otherwise use.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38247r3_rule GEN000700 CCI-000180 MEDIUM User passwords must be changed at least every 60 days. Limiting the lifespan of authenticators limits the period of time an unauthorized user has access to the system while using compromised credentials and reduces the period of time available for password guessing attacks to run against a single password.System Administrator
SV-38211r1_rule GEN000740 CCI-000199 MEDIUM All non-interactive/automated processing account passwords must be changed at least once per year or be locked. Limiting the lifespan of authenticators limits the period of time an unauthorized user has access to the system while using compromised credentials and reduces the period of time available for password-guessing attacks to run against a single password. Locking the password for non-interactive and automated processing accounts is preferred as it removes the possibility of accessing the account by a password. On some systems, locking the passwords of these accounts may prevent the account from functioning properly. Passwords for non-interactive/automated processing accounts must not be used for direct logon to the system.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-38212r2_rule GEN001020 CCI-000770 MEDIUM The root account must not be used for direct logins. Direct login with the root account prevents individual user accountability. Acceptable non-routine uses of the root account for direct login are limited to emergency maintenance, the use of single-user mode for maintenance, and situations where individual administrator accounts are not available.System AdministratorECPA-1
SV-38248r2_rule GEN001060 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The system must log successful and unsuccessful access to the root account. If successful and unsuccessful logins and logouts are not monitored or recorded, access attempts cannot be tracked. Without this logging, it may be impossible to track unauthorized access to the system.System AdministratorECAR-1, ECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-38266r1_rule GEN001720 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All global initialization files must have mode 0444 or less permissive. Global initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38267r1_rule GEN001740 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All global initialization files must be owned by bin. Global initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38268r1_rule GEN001760 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All global initialization files must be group-owned by root, sys, bin, other system, or the system default. Global initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to root or bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38269r1_rule GEN001820 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All skeleton files and directories (typically in /etc/skel) must be owned by bin. If the skeleton files are not protected, unauthorized personnel could change user startup parameters and possibly jeopardize user files. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to bin provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38270r3_rule GEN001840 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All global initialization files executable search paths must contain only authorized paths. The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, executables in these directories may be executed instead of system commands. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-34915r3_rule GEN001900 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All local initialization files executable search paths must contain only authorized paths. The executable search path (typically the PATH environment variable) contains a list of directories for the shell to search to find executables. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, executables in these directories may be executed instead of system commands. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-34922r1_rule GEN001980 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The .rhosts, .shosts, hosts.equiv, shosts.equiv, /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, and/or /etc/group files must not contain a plus (+) without defining entries for NIS+ netgroups. A plus (+) in system accounts files causes the system to lookup the specified entry using NIS. If the system is not using NIS, no such entries should exist.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38249r1_rule GEN002040 CCI-000366 HIGH There must be no .rhosts, .shosts, hosts.equiv, or shosts.equiv files on the system. The .rhosts, .shosts, hosts.equiv, and shosts.equiv files are used to configure host-based authentication for individual users or the system. Host-based authentication is not sufficient for preventing unauthorized access to the system.Information Assurance OfficerSystem AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38264r2_rule GEN002100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The .rhosts file must not be supported in PAM. .rhosts files are used to specify a list of hosts permitted remote access to a particular account without authenticating. The use of such a mechanism defeats strong identification and authentication requirements.Information Assurance OfficerSystem Administrator
SV-38265r1_rule GEN002540 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All public directories must be group-owned by root or an application group. If a public directory has the sticky bit set and is not group-owned by a privileged GID, unauthorized users may be able to modify files created by others. The only authorized public directories are those temporary directories supplied with the system or those designed to be temporary file repositories. The setting is normally reserved for directories used by the system and by users for temporary file storage (e.g., /tmp) and for directories requiring global read/write access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38250r1_rule GEN003040 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Crontabs must be owned by root or the crontab creator. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured.System AdministratorDCSL-1
SV-38251r1_rule GEN003060 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Default system accounts (with the exception of root) must not be listed in the cron.allow file or must be included in the cron.deny file, if cron.allow does not exist. To centralize the management of privileged account crontabs, of the default system accounts, only root may have a crontab.System AdministratorECPA-1
SV-35008r1_rule GEN003500 CCI-000366 LOW Process core dumps must be disabled unless needed. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Process core dump files can be of significant size and their use can result in file systems filling to capacity, which may result in Denial of Service. Process core dumps can be useful for software debugging. System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38253r1_rule GEN003520 CCI-000225 LOW The kernel core dump data directory must be owned by root. Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If the kernel core dump data directory is not owned by root, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35009r1_rule GEN003540 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must implement non-executable program stacks. A common type of exploit is the stack buffer overflow. An application receives, from an attacker, more data than it is prepared for and stores this information on its stack, writing beyond the space reserved for it. This can be designed to cause execution of the data written on the stack. One mechanism to mitigate this vulnerability is for the system to not allow the execution of instructions in sections of memory identified as part of the stack.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35010r1_rule GEN003580 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The system must use initial TCP sequence numbers most resistant to sequence number guessing attacks. One use of initial TCP sequence numbers is to verify bidirectional communication between two hosts, which provides some protection against spoofed source addresses being used by the connection originator. If the initial TCP sequence numbers for a host can be determined by an attacker, it may be possible to establish a TCP connection from a spoofed source address without bidirectional communication.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38259r1_rule GEN003600 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not forward IPv4 source-routed packets. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of source-routed traffic, such as when IPv4 forwarding is enabled and the system is functioning as a router.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35048r1_rule GEN003620 CCI-001208 LOW A separate file system must be used for user home directories (such as /home or equivalent). The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from the / file system becoming full or failing.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35062r1_rule GEN003660 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The system must log authentication informational data. Monitoring and recording successful and unsuccessful logins assists in tracking unauthorized access to the system.System AdministratorECAR-2, ECAR-3
SV-35064r1_rule GEN003700 CCI-000305 MEDIUM Inetd and xinetd must be disabled or removed if no network services utilizing them are enabled. Unnecessary services should be disabled to decrease the attack surface of the system.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35059r2_rule GEN004540 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The SMTP service HELP command must not be enabled. The HELP command should be disabled to mask version information. The version of the SMTP service software could be used by attackers to target vulnerabilities present in specific software versions.System Administrator
SV-35098r1_rule GEN004800 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Unencrypted FTP must not be used on the system. FTP is typically unencrypted and, therefore, presents confidentiality and integrity risks. FTP may be protected by encryption in certain cases, such as when used in a Kerberos environment. SFTP and FTPS are encrypted alternatives to FTP.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38263r1_rule GEN005040 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All FTP users must have a default umask of 077. The umask controls the default access mode assigned to newly created files. An umask of 077 limits new files to mode 700 or less permissive. Although umask is stored as a 4-digit number, the first digit representing special access modes is typically ignored or required to be zero.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-35162r1_rule GEN005180 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All .Xauthority files must have mode 0600 or less permissive. .Xauthority files ensure the user is authorized to access the specific X Windows host. Excessive permissions may permit unauthorized modification of these files, which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized access or allow unauthorized access to be obtained.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38287r1_rule GEN005220 CCI-000297 MEDIUM .Xauthority or X*.hosts (or equivalent) file(s) must be used to restrict access to the X server. If access to the X server is not restricted, the user's X session may be compromised.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-38288r1_rule GEN005240 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The .Xauthority utility must only permit access to authorized hosts. If unauthorized clients are permitted access to the X server, the user's X session may be compromised.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-35170r1_rule GEN005260 CCI-001436 MEDIUM X Window System connections not required must be disabled. If unauthorized clients are permitted access to the X server, the user's X session may be compromised.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35203r1_rule GEN005360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The snmpd.conf file must be owned by bin. The snmpd.conf file contains authenticators and must be protected from unauthorized access and modification. If the file is not owned by bin, it may be subject to access and modification from unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35187r1_rule GEN005440 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not be used as a syslog server (loghost) for systems external to the enclave. Syslog messages are typically unencrypted and may contain sensitive information and are, therefore, restricted to the enclave.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35195r1_rule GEN005480 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The syslog daemon must not accept remote messages unless it is a syslog server documented using site-defined procedures. Unintentionally running a syslog server accepting remote messages puts the system at increased risk. Malicious syslog messages sent to the server could exploit vulnerabilities in the server software itself, could introduce misleading information in to the system's logs, or could fill the system's storage leading to a Denial of Service.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35149r1_rule GEN005540 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must be configured for IP filtering. The SSH daemon must be configured for IP filtering to provide a layered defense against connection attempts from unauthorized addresses.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35177r1_rule GEN005600 CCI-000366 MEDIUM IP forwarding for IPv4 must not be enabled, unless the system is a router. If the system is configured for IP forwarding and is not a designated router, it could be used to bypass network security by providing a path for communication not filtered by network devices.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35205r1_rule GEN006000 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not have a public Instant Messaging (IM) client installed. Public IM systems are not approved for use and may result in the unauthorized distribution of information. IM clients provide a way for a user to send a message to one or more other users in real time. Additional capabilities may include file transfer and support for distributed game playing. Communication between clients and associated directory services are managed through messaging servers. Commercial IM clients include AOL Instant Messenger (AIM), MSN Messenger, and Yahoo! Messenger. IM clients present a security issue when the clients route messages through public servers. The obvious implication is potentially sensitive information could be intercepted or altered in the course of transmission. This same issue is associated with the use of public e-mail servers. In order to reduce the potential for disclosure of sensitive government information and to ensure the validity of official government information, IM clients connecting to public IM services will not be installed. Clients using access to internal or DoD-controlled IM services are permitted. System AdministratorECIM-1
SV-35207r1_rule GEN006040 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The system must not have any peer-to-peer file-sharing application installed. Peer-to-peer file-sharing software can result in the unintentional exfiltration of information. There are also many legal issues associated with these types of utilities including copyright infringement or other intellectual property issues. The ASD Memo "Use of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) File-Sharing Applications across the DoD" states the following: “P2P file-sharing applications are authorized for use on DOD networks with approval by the appropriate Designated Approval Authority (DAA). Documented requirements, security architecture, configuration management process, and a training program for users are all requirements within the approval process. The unauthorized use of application or services, including P2P applications, is prohibited, and such applications or services must be eliminated.” P2P applications include, but are not limited to, the following: -Napster -Kazaa -ARES -Limewire -IRC Chat Relay -BitTorrentDesignated Approving AuthoritySystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35153r1_rule GEN006420 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Network Information System (NIS) maps must be protected through hard-to-guess domain names. The use of hard-to-guess NIS domain names provides additional protection from unauthorized access to the NIS directory information.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35159r1_rule GEN006560 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system vulnerability assessment tool, host-based intrusion detection tool, and file integrity tool must notify the SA and the IAO of a security breach or a suspected security breach. Timely notifications of potential security compromises minimize the potential damage. Minimally, the system must log these events and the SA and the IAO will receive the notifications during the daily system log review. If feasible, active alerting (such as e-mail or paging) should be employed consistent with the site’s established operations management systems and procedures.System AdministratorInformation Assurance OfficerECAT-1, ECAT-2
SV-35222r1_rule GEN006620 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system's access control program must be configured to grant or deny system access to specific hosts. If the system's access control program is not configured with appropriate rules for allowing and denying access to system network resources, services may be accessible to unauthorized hosts.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35138r2_rule GEN003865 CCI-000305 MEDIUM Network analysis tools must not be installed. Network analysis tools allow for the capture of network traffic visible to the system.System Administrator
SV-38289r1_rule GEN000241 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system clock must be synchronized continuously or at least daily. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. Internal system clocks tend to drift and require periodic resynchronization to ensure their accuracy. Software, such as ntpd, can be used to continuously synchronize the system clock with authoritative sources. Alternatively, the system may be synchronized periodically, with a maximum of one day between synchronizations. If the system is completely isolated (no connections to networks or other systems), time synchronization is not required as no correlation of events or operation of time-dependent protocols between systems will be necessary. If the system is completely isolated, this requirement is not applicable. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38297r1_rule GEN000242 CCI-000160 MEDIUM The system must use at least two time sources for clock synchronization. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. For redundancy, two time sources are required so synchronization continues to function if one source fails. If the system is completely isolated (no connections to networks or other systems), time synchronization is not required as no correlation of events or operation of time-dependent protocols between systems will be necessary. If the system is completely isolated, this requirement is not applicable. NOTE: For the Network Time Protocol (NTP), the requirement is two servers, but it is recommended to configure at least four distinct time servers which allow NTP to effectively exclude a time source that is not consistent with the others. The system's local clock must be excluded from the count of time sources. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38298r1_rule GEN000244 CCI-000160 LOW The system must use time sources are local to the enclave. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. The network architecture should provide multiple time servers within an enclave providing local service to the enclave and synchronize with time sources outside of the enclave. If this server is an enclave time server, this requirement is not applicable. If the system is completely isolated (no connections to networks or other systems), time synchronization is not required as no correlation of events or operation of time-dependent protocols between systems will be necessary. If the system is completely isolated, this requirement is not applicable. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38272r1_rule GEN000250 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The time synchronization configuration file (such as /etc/ntp.conf) must be owned by root. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. If an illicit time source is used for synchronization, the integrity of system logs and the security of the system could be compromised. If the configuration files controlling time synchronization are not owned by a system account, unauthorized modifications could result in the failure of time synchronization.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38273r1_rule GEN000251 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The time synchronization configuration file (such as /etc/ntp.conf) must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. If an illicit time source is used for synchronization, the integrity of system logs and the security of the system could be compromised. If the configuration files controlling time synchronization are not owned by a system group, unauthorized modifications could result in the failure of time synchronization.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38274r1_rule GEN000252 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The time synchronization configuration file (such as /etc/ntp.conf) must have mode 0640 or less permissive. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. If an illicit time source is used for synchronization, the integrity of system logs and the security of the system could be compromised. If the configuration files controlling time synchronization are not protected, unauthorized modifications could result in the failure of time synchronization.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38301r1_rule GEN000253 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The time synchronization configuration file (such as /etc/ntp.conf) must not have an extended ACL. A synchronized system clock is critical for the enforcement of time-based policies and the correlation of logs and audit records with other systems. If an illicit time source is used for synchronization, the integrity of system logs and the security of the system could be compromised. If the configuration files controlling time synchronization are not protected, unauthorized modifications could result in the failure of time synchronization.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26319r2_rule GEN000450 CCI-000054 LOW The system must limit users to 10 simultaneous system logins, or a site-defined number, in accordance with operational requirements. Limiting simultaneous user logins can insulate the system from Denial of Service problems caused by excessive logins. Automated login processes operating improperly or maliciously may result in an exceptional number of simultaneous login sessions. If the defined value of 10 logins does not meet operational requirements, the site may define the permitted number of simultaneous login sessions based on operational requirements. This limit is for the number of simultaneous login sessions for EACH user account. This is NOT a limit on the total number of simultaneous login sessions on the system.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38302r1_rule GEN000452 CCI-000052 LOW The system must display the date and time of the last successful account login upon login. Providing users with feedback on when account accesses last occurred facilitates user recognition and reporting of unauthorized account use. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38275r1_rule GEN000510 CCI-000061 LOW The system must display a publicly-viewable pattern during a graphical desktop environment session lock. To protect the on-screen content of a session, it must be replaced with a publicly-viewable pattern upon session lock. Examples of publicly viewable patterns include screen saver patterns, photographic images, solid colors, or a blank screen, so long as none of those patterns convey sensitive information. This requirement applies to graphical desktop environments provided by the system to locally attached displays and input devices, as well as, to graphical desktop environments provided to remote systems using remote access protocols.System AdministratorPESL-1
SV-52487r1_rule GEN000585 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The system must enforce the correctness of the entire password during authentication. Some common password hashing schemes only process the first eight characters of a user's password, which reduces the effective strength of the password. System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-52489r2_rule GEN000590 CCI-000803 MEDIUM The system must use a FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hashing algorithm for generating account password hashes. Systems must employ cryptographic hashes for passwords using the SHA-2 family of algorithms or FIPS 140-2 approved successors. The use of unapproved algorithms may result in weak password hashes that are more vulnerable to compromise.System Administrator
SV-52491r2_rule GEN000595 CCI-000196 MEDIUM The password hashes stored on the system must have been generated using a FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hashing algorithm. Systems must employ cryptographic hashes for passwords using the SHA-2 family of algorithms or FIPS 140-2 approved successors. The use of unapproved algorithms may result in weak password hashes that are more vulnerable to compromise.System Administrator
SV-38304r2_rule GEN000610 CCI-000193 MEDIUM The system must require passwords contain at least one lowercase alphabetic character. To enforce the use of complex passwords, minimum numbers of characters of different classes are mandated. The use of complex passwords reduces the ability of attackers to successfully obtain valid passwords using guessing or exhaustive search techniques. Complexity requirements increase the password search space by requiring users to construct passwords from a larger character set than they may otherwise use.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-26349r1_rule GEN000850 CCI-000009 LOW The system must restrict the ability to switch to the root user to members of a defined group. Configuring a supplemental group for users permitted to switch to the root user prevents unauthorized users from accessing the root account, even with knowledge of the root credentials.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38305r1_rule GEN000930 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The root account's home directory must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38307r1_rule GEN000945 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The root account's library search path must be the system default and must contain only absolute paths. The library search path environment variable(s) contain a list of directories for the dynamic linker to search to find libraries. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, libraries in these directories may be loaded instead of system libraries. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon or two consecutive colons, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Entries starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38308r1_rule GEN000950 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The root account's list of preloaded libraries must be empty. The library preload list environment variable contains a list of libraries for the dynamic linker to load before loading the libraries required by the binary. If this list contains paths to libraries relative to the current working directory, unintended libraries may be preloaded. This variable is formatted as a space-separated list of libraries. Paths starting with (/) are absolute paths.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38279r1_rule GEN001170 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All files and directories must have a valid group owner. Files without a valid group owner may be unintentionally inherited if a group is assigned the same GID as the GID of the files without a valid group owner.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38280r1_rule GEN001190 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All network services daemon files must not have extended ACLs. Restricting permission on daemons will protect them from unauthorized modification and possible system compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38281r1_rule GEN001210 CCI-001499 MEDIUM All system command files must not have extended ACLs. Restricting permissions will protect system command files from unauthorized modification. System command files include files present in directories used by the operating system for storing default system executables and files present in directories included in the system's default executable search paths. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38309r1_rule GEN001270 CCI-001314 MEDIUM System log files must not have extended ACLs, except as needed to support authorized software. If the system log files are not protected, unauthorized users could change the logged data, eliminating its forensic value. Authorized software may be given log file access through the use of extended ACLs when needed and configured to provide the least privileges required.trueSystem AdministratorECLP-1, ECTP-1
SV-38282r2_rule GEN001290 CCI-000225 LOW All manual page files must not have extended ACLs. If manual pages are compromised, misleading information could be inserted, causing actions possibly compromising the system.System Administrator
SV-38283r1_rule GEN001310 CCI-001499 MEDIUM All library files must not have extended ACLs. Unauthorized access could destroy the integrity of the library files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38284r1_rule GEN001361 CCI-000225 MEDIUM NIS/NIS+/yp command files must not have extended ACLs. NIS/NIS+/yp files are part of the system's identification and authentication processes and are, therefore, critical to system security. ACLs on these files could result in unauthorized modification, which could compromise these processes and the system. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38310r1_rule GEN001362 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/resolv.conf file must be owned by root. The resolv.conf (or equivalent) file configures the system's DNS resolver. DNS is used to resolve host names to IP addresses. If DNS configuration is modified maliciously, host name resolution may fail or return incorrect information. DNS may be used by a variety of system security functions such as time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38311r1_rule GEN001363 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/resolv.conf file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. The resolv.conf (or equivalent) file configures the system's DNS resolver. DNS is used to resolve host names to IP addresses. If DNS configuration is modified maliciously, host name resolution may fail or return incorrect information. DNS may be used by a variety of system security functions such as time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38312r1_rule GEN001364 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/resolv.conf file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. The resolv.conf (or equivalent) file configures the system's DNS resolver. DNS is used to resolve host names to IP addresses. If DNS configuration is modified maliciously, host name resolution may fail or return incorrect information. DNS may be used by a variety of system security functions such as time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38285r1_rule GEN001365 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/resolv.conf file must not have an extended ACL. The resolv.conf (or equivalent) file configures the system's DNS resolver. DNS is used to resolve host names to IP addresses. If DNS configuration is modified maliciously, host name resolution may fail or return incorrect information. DNS may be used by a variety of system security functions such as time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38313r1_rule GEN001366 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/hosts file must be owned by root. The /etc/hosts file (or equivalent) configures local host name to IP address mappings that typically take precedence over DNS resolution. If this file is maliciously modified, it could cause the failure or compromise of security functions requiring name resolution, which may include time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38314r1_rule GEN001367 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/hosts file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. The /etc/hosts file (or equivalent) configures local host name to IP address mappings that typically take precedence over DNS resolution. If this file is maliciously modified, it could cause the failure or compromise of security functions requiring name resolution, which may include time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38315r1_rule GEN001368 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/hosts file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. The /etc/hosts file (or equivalent) configures local host name to IP address mappings typically take precedence over DNS resolution. If this file is maliciously modified, it could cause the failure or compromise of security functions requiring name resolution, which may include time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38286r1_rule GEN001369 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/hosts file must not have an extended ACL. The /etc/hosts file (or equivalent) configures local host name to IP address mappings typically take precedence over DNS resolution. If this file is maliciously modified, it could cause the failure or compromise of security functions requiring name resolution, which may include time synchronization, centralized authentication, and remote system logging.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38316r1_rule GEN001371 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/nsswitch.conf file must be owned by root. The nsswitch.conf file (or equivalent) configures the source of a variety of system security information including account, group, and host lookups. Malicious changes could prevent the system from functioning or compromise system security.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38317r1_rule GEN001372 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/nsswitch.conf file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. The nsswitch.conf file (or equivalent) configures the source of a variety of system security information including account, group, and host lookups. Malicious changes could prevent the system from functioning or compromise system security.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38319r1_rule GEN001373 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/nsswitch.conf file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. The nsswitch.conf file (or equivalent) configures the source of a variety of system security information including account, group, and host lookups. Malicious changes could prevent the system from functioning or compromise system security.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38320r1_rule GEN001374 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/nsswitch.conf file must not have an extended ACL. The nsswitch.conf file (or equivalent) configures the source of a variety of system security information including account, group, and host lookups. Malicious changes could prevent the system from functioning or compromise system security.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38335r1_rule GEN001378 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/passwd file must be owned by root. The /etc/passwd file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38336r1_rule GEN001379 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/passwd file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. The /etc/passwd file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38321r1_rule GEN001390 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/passwd file must not have an extended ACL. File system ACLs can provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. The /etc/passwd file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38337r1_rule GEN001391 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/group file must be owned by bin. The /etc/group file is critical to system security and must be owned by a privileged user. The group file contains a list of system groups and associated information.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38338r1_rule GEN001392 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/group file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. The /etc/group file is critical to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. The group file contains a list of system groups and associated information.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38339r1_rule GEN001393 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/group file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. The /etc/group file is critical to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. The group file contains a list of system groups and associated information.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38322r1_rule GEN001394 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/group file must not have an extended ACL. The /etc/group file is critical to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. The group file contains a list of system groups and associated information.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38340r2_rule GEN001410 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/shadow file (or equivalent) must be group-owned by root, bin, sys or other. The /etc/shadow file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. The file also contains password hashes which must not be accessible to users other than root.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26441r2_rule GEN001430 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/shadow file must not have an extended ACL. The /etc/shadow file contains the list of local system accounts. It is vital to system security and must be protected from unauthorized modification. The file also contains password hashes which must not be accessible to users other than root.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38323r2_rule GEN001470 CCI-000201 MEDIUM The /etc/passwd file must not contain password hashes. If password hashes are readable by non-administrators, the passwords are subject to attack through lookup tables or cryptographic weaknesses in the hashes.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38341r1_rule GEN001475 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/group file must not contain any group password hashes. Group passwords are typically shared and should not be used. Additionally, if password hashes are readable by non-administrators, the passwords are subject to attack through lookup tables or cryptographic weaknesses in the hashes.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38324r1_rule GEN001490 CCI-000225 LOW User home directories must not have extended ACLs. Excessive permissions on home directories allow unauthorized access to user files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35145r1_rule GEN001550 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All files and directories contained in user home directories must be group-owned by a group of which the home directory's owner is a member. If a user's files are group-owned by a group of which the user is not a member, unintended users may be able to access them.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38325r1_rule GEN001570 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All files and directories contained in user home directories must not have extended ACLs. Excessive permissions allow unauthorized access to user files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38342r1_rule GEN001590 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All run control scripts must have no extended ACLs. If the startup files are writable by other users, they could modify the startup files to insert malicious commands into the startup files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38343r3_rule GEN001605 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Run control scripts library search paths must contain only authorized paths. The library search path environment variable(s) contain a list of directories for the dynamic linker to search to find libraries. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, libraries in these directories may be loaded instead of system libraries. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory.. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-38344r3_rule GEN001610 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Run control scripts lists of preloaded libraries must contain only authorized paths. The library preload list environment variable contains a list of libraries for the dynamic linker to load before loading the libraries required by the binary. If this list contains paths to libraries to the current working directory that have not been authorized, unintended libraries may be preloaded. This variable is formatted as a space-separated list of libraries. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-38345r1_rule GEN001730 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All global initialization files must not have extended ACLs. Global initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38346r1_rule GEN001810 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Skeleton files must not have extended ACLs. If the skeleton files are not protected, unauthorized personnel could change user startup parameters and possibly jeopardize user files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38347r1_rule GEN001830 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All skeleton files (typically in /etc/skel) must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, system, or other. If the skeleton files are not protected, unauthorized personnel could change user startup parameters and possibly jeopardize user files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38348r3_rule GEN001845 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Global initialization files library search paths must contain only authorized paths. The library search path environment variable(s) contains a list of directories for the dynamic linker to search to find libraries. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, libraries in these directories may be loaded instead of system libraries. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-38349r3_rule GEN001850 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Global initialization files lists of preloaded libraries must contain only authorized paths. The library preload list environment variable contains a list of libraries for the dynamic linker to load before loading the libraries required by the binary. If this list contains paths to libraries to the current working directory that have not been authorized, unintended libraries may be preloaded. This variable is formatted as a space-separated list of libraries. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-34926r1_rule GEN001870 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Local initialization files must be group-owned by the user's primary group or root. Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38350r1_rule GEN001890 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Local initialization files must not have extended ACLs. Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon login. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38351r3_rule GEN001901 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Local initialization files library search paths must contain only authorized paths. The library search path environment variable(s) contain a list of directories for the dynamic linker to search to find libraries. If this path includes the current working directory or other relative paths, libraries in these directories may be loaded instead of system libraries. This variable is formatted as a colon-separated list of directories. If there is an empty entry, such as a leading or trailing colon, two consecutive colons, or a single period, this is interpreted as the current working directory. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-34928r3_rule GEN001902 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Local initialization files lists of preloaded libraries must contain only authorized paths. The library preload list environment variable contains a list of libraries for the dynamic linker to load before loading the libraries required by the binary. If this list contains paths to libraries to the current working directory that have not been authorized, unintended libraries may be preloaded. This variable is formatted as a space-separated list of libraries. Paths starting with a slash (/) are absolute paths.System Administrator
SV-38352r1_rule GEN002210 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All shell files must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. If shell files are group-owned by users other than root or a system group, they could be modified by intruders or malicious users to perform unauthorized actions.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38353r1_rule GEN002230 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All shell files must not have extended ACLs. Shells with world/group write permissions give the ability to maliciously modify the shell to obtain unauthorized access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38354r1_rule GEN002330 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Audio devices must not have extended ACLs. File system ACLs can provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-29568r1_rule GEN002430 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Removable media, remote file systems, and any file system not containing approved device files must be mounted with the nodev option. The nodev (or equivalent) mount option causes the system to not handle device files as system devices. This option must be used for mounting any file system not containing approved device files. Device files can provide direct access to system hardware and can compromise security if not protected.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38355r2_rule GEN002710 CCI-000163 MEDIUM All system audit files must not have extended ACLs. If a user can write to the audit logs, then audit trails can be modified or destroyed and system intrusion may not be detected.System AdministratorECTP-1
SV-26506r2_rule GEN002715 CCI-001493 LOW System audit tool executables must be owned by root. To prevent unauthorized access or manipulation of system audit logs, the tools for manipulating those logs must be protected.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26509r2_rule GEN002716 CCI-001493 LOW System audit tool executables must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. To prevent unauthorized access or manipulation of system audit logs, the tools for manipulating those logs must be protected.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26512r2_rule GEN002717 CCI-001493 LOW System audit tool executables must have mode 0750 or less permissive. To prevent unauthorized access or manipulation of system audit logs, the tools for manipulating those logs must be protected.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26516r2_rule GEN002718 CCI-001493 LOW System audit tool executables must not have extended ACLs. To prevent unauthorized access or manipulation of system audit logs, the tools for manipulating those logs must be protected.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38356r1_rule GEN002719 CCI-000139 LOW The audit system must alert the SA in the event of an audit processing failure. An accurate and current audit trail is essential for maintaining a record of system activity. If the system fails, the SA must be notified and must take prompt action to correct the problem. Minimally, the system must log this event and the SA will receive this notification during the daily system log review. If feasible, active alerting (such as e-mail or paging) should be employed consistent with the site’s established operations management systems and procedures. System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-29653r1_rule GEN002730 CCI-000143 MEDIUM The audit system must alert the SA when the audit storage volume approaches its capacity. An accurate and current audit trail is essential for maintaining a record of system activity. If the system fails, the SA must be notified and must take prompt action to correct the problem. Minimally, the system must log this event and the SA will receive this notification during the daily system log review. If feasible, active alerting (such as e-mail or paging) should be employed consistent with the site’s established operations management systems and procedures.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29670r1_rule GEN002750 CCI-000018 LOW The audit system must be configured to audit account creation. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises, and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-29675r1_rule GEN002751 CCI-001403 LOW The audit system must be configured to audit account modification. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-29676r1_rule GEN002752 CCI-001404 LOW The audit system must be configured to audit account disabling. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-29679r1_rule GEN002753 CCI-001405 LOW The audit system must be configured to audit account termination. If the system is not configured to audit certain activities and write them to an audit log, it is more difficult to detect and track system compromises and damages incurred during a system compromise.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-26525r2_rule GEN002825 CCI-000126 MEDIUM The audit system must be configured to audit the loading and unloading of dynamic kernel modules. Actions concerning dynamic kernel modules must be recorded as they are substantial events. Dynamic kernel modules can increase the attack surface of a system. A malicious kernel module can be used to substantially alter the functioning of a system, often with the purpose of hiding a compromise from the SA.System Administrator
SV-38357r1_rule GEN002990 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.allow file must not have an extended ACL. A cron.allow file that is readable and/or writable by other than root could allow potential intruders and malicious users to use the file contents to help discern information, such as who is allowed to execute cron programs, which could be harmful to overall system and network security.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38358r1_rule GEN003050 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Crontab files must be group-owned by root, sys, cron, or the crontab creators primary group. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38359r1_rule GEN003090 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Crontab files must not have extended ACLs. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and to prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured. ACLs on crontab files may provide unauthorized access to the files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38360r1_rule GEN003110 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Cron and crontab directories must not have extended ACLs. To protect the integrity of scheduled system jobs and to prevent malicious modification to these jobs, crontab files must be secured. ACLs on cron and crontab directories may provide unauthorized access to these directories. Unauthorized modifications to these directories or their contents may result in the addition of unauthorized cron jobs or deny service to authorized cron jobs. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38361r1_rule GEN003190 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron log files must not have extended ACLs. Cron logs contain reports of scheduled system activities and must be protected from unauthorized access or manipulation.System AdministratorECLP-1, ECTP-1
SV-38362r1_rule GEN003210 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.deny file must not have an extended ACL. If there are excessive file permissions for the cron.deny file, sensitive information could be viewed or edited by unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38363r1_rule GEN003245 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.allow file must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. Unauthorized modification of the at.allow file could result in Denial of Service to authorized at users and the granting of the ability to run at jobs to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34991r1_rule GEN003250 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.allow file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys or other. If the group of the cron.allow is not set to root, bin, sys or other, the possibility exists for an unauthorized user to view or edit the list of users permitted to use cron. Unauthorized modification of this file could cause Denial of Service to authorized cron users or provide unauthorized users with the ability to run cron jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26557r1_rule GEN003252 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.deny file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. The at daemon control files restrict access to scheduled job manipulation and must be protected. Unauthorized modification of the at.deny file could result in Denial of Service to authorized at users or provide unauthorized users with the ability to run at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26561r1_rule GEN003255 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.deny file must not have an extended ACL. The at daemon control files restrict access to scheduled job manipulation and must be protected. Unauthorized modification of the at.deny file could result in Denial of Service to authorized at users or provide unauthorized users with the ability to run at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34993r1_rule GEN003270 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The cron.deny file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys or other. Cron daemon control files restrict the scheduling of automated tasks and must be protected. Unauthorized modification of the cron.deny file could result in Denial of Service to authorized cron users or could provide unauthorized users with the ability to run cron jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38364r1_rule GEN003410 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at directory must not have an extended ACL. If the at directory has an extended ACL, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or to edit files containing sensitive information within the at directory. Unauthorized modifications could result in Denial of Service to authorized at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-34995r1_rule GEN003430 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at directory must be group-owned by root, bin, sys or other. If the group of the at directory is not root, bin, sys or other, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or edit files containing sensitive information within the directory. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26571r1_rule GEN003470 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.allow file must be group-owned by root, sys, bin or other. If the group-owner of the at.allow file is not set to root, sys, bin or other, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or edit the list of users permitted to run at jobs. Unauthorized modification could result in Denial of Service to authorized at users or provide unauthorized users with the ability to run at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26574r1_rule GEN003490 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The at.deny file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. If the group-owner of the at.deny file is not set to root, bin, sys, other, or cron, unauthorized users could be allowed to view or edit sensitive information contained within the file. Unauthorized modification could result in Denial of Service to authorized at users or provide unauthorized users with the ability to run at jobs.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26577r1_rule GEN003501 CCI-000225 LOW The system must be configured to store any process core dumps in a specific, centralized directory. Specifying a centralized location for core file creation allows for the centralized protection of core files. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If process core dump creation is not configured to use a centralized directory, core dumps may be created in a directory without appropriate ownership or permissions configured, which could result in unauthorized access to the core dumps.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26580r1_rule GEN003502 CCI-000225 LOW The centralized process core dump data directory must be owned by root. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the centralized process core dump data directory is not owned by root, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26583r1_rule GEN003503 CCI-000225 LOW The centralized process core dump data directory must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the centralized process core dump data directory is not group-owned by a system group, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26598r1_rule GEN003504 CCI-000225 LOW The centralized process core dump data directory must have mode 0700 or less permissive. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the process core dump data directory has a mode more permissive than 0700, unauthorized users may be able to view or to modify sensitive information contained any process core dumps in the directory.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26603r1_rule GEN003505 CCI-000225 LOW The centralized process core dump data directory must not have an extended ACL. Process core dumps contain the memory in use by the process when it crashed. Any data the process was handling may be contained in the core file, and it must be protected accordingly. If the process core dump data directory has an extended ACL, unauthorized users may be able to view or to modify sensitive information contained any process core dumps in the directory. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26607r1_rule GEN003510 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Kernel core dumps must be disabled unless needed. Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. Kernel core dumps may consume a considerable amount of disk space and may result in Denial of Service by exhausting the available space on the target file system. The kernel core dump process may increase the amount of time a system is unavailable due to a crash. Kernel core dumps can be useful for kernel debugging.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26611r1_rule GEN003521 CCI-000225 LOW The kernel core dump data directory must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If the kernel core dump data directory is not group-owned by a system group, the core dumps contained in the directory may be subject to unauthorized access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26615r1_rule GEN003522 CCI-000225 LOW The kernel core dump data directory must have mode 0700 or less permissive. Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If the mode of the kernel core dump data directory is more permissive than 0700, unauthorized users may be able to view or to modify kernel core dump data files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26619r1_rule GEN003523 CCI-000225 LOW The kernel core dump data directory must not have an extended ACL. Kernel core dumps may contain the full contents of system memory at the time of the crash. As the system memory may contain sensitive information, it must be protected accordingly. If there is an extended ACL for the kernel core dump data directory, unauthorized users may be able to view or to modify kernel core dump data files.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35022r1_rule GEN003602 CCI-001551 LOW The system must not process Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) timestamp requests. The processing of ICMP timestamp requests increases the attack surface of the system.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35025r1_rule GEN003603 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not respond to ICMPv4 echoes sent to a broadcast address. Responding to broadcast Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echoes facilitates network mapping and provides a vector for amplification attacks.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35026r1_rule GEN003604 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not respond to Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) timestamp requests sent to a broadcast address. The processing of ICMP timestamp requests increases the attack surface of the system. Responding to broadcast ICMP timestamp requests facilitates network mapping and provides a vector for amplification attacks.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35028r1_rule GEN003605 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not apply reversed source routing to TCP responses. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29707r2_rule GEN003606 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must prevent local applications from generating source-routed packets. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures.System Administrator
SV-29713r2_rule GEN003607 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not accept source-routed IPv4 packets. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the handling of source-routed traffic destined to the system itself, not to traffic forwarded by the system to another, such as when IPv4 forwarding is enabled and the system is functioning as a router.System Administrator
SV-29602r1_rule GEN003608 CCI-001551 MEDIUM Proxy Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) must not be enabled on the system. Proxy ARP allows a system to respond to ARP requests on one interface on behalf of hosts connected to another interface. If this function is enabled when not required, addressing information may be leaked between the attached network segments.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29719r1_rule GEN003609 CCI-001503 MEDIUM The system must ignore IPv4 ICMP redirect messages. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages modify the host's route table and are unauthenticated. An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35038r1_rule GEN003610 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not send IPv4 ICMP redirects. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages contain information from the system's route table possibly revealing portions of the network topology.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29772r1_rule GEN003611 CCI-000126 LOW The system must log martian packets. Martian packets are packets containing addresses known by the system to be invalid. Logging these messages allows the SA to identify misconfigurations or attacks in progress.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-26639r1_rule GEN003650 CCI-000553 LOW All local file systems must employ journaling or another mechanism ensuring file system consistency. File system journaling, or logging, can allow reconstruction of file system data after a system crash, thus preserving the integrity of data that may have otherwise been lost. Journaling file systems typically do not require consistency checks upon booting after a crash, which can improve system availability. Some file systems employ other mechanisms to ensure consistency which also satisfy this requirement.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35069r1_rule GEN003730 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The inetd.conf file, xinetd.conf file, and the xinetd.d directory must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. Failure to give ownership of sensitive files or utilities to system groups may provide unauthorized users with the potential to access sensitive information or change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35073r1_rule GEN003745 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The inetd.conf and xinetd.conf files must not have extended ACLs. The Internet service daemon configuration files must be protected as malicious modification could cause Denial of Service or increase the attack surface of the system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35074r1_rule GEN003750 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The xinetd.d directory must have mode 0755 or less permissive. The Internet service daemon configuration files must be protected as malicious modification could cause Denial of Service or increase the attack surface of the system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-29790r1_rule GEN003755 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The xinetd.d directory must not have an extended ACL. The Internet service daemon configuration files must be protected as malicious modification could cause denial of service or increase the attack surface of the system.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35080r1_rule GEN003770 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The services file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. Failure to give ownership of system configuration files to root or a system group provides the designated owner and unauthorized users with the potential to change the system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38366r1_rule GEN003790 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The services file must not have an extended ACL. The services file is critical to the proper operation of network services and must be protected from unauthorized modification. If the services file has an extended ACL, it may be possible for unauthorized users to modify the file. Unauthorized modification could result in the failure of network services.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26665r1_rule GEN003810 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The portmap or rpcbind service must not be running unless needed. The portmap and rpcbind services increase the attack surface of the system and should only be used when needed. The portmap or rpcbind services are used by a variety of services using Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs).System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35088r1_rule GEN003815 CCI-000305 MEDIUM The portmap or rpcbind service must not be installed unless needed. The portmap and rpcbind services increase the attack surface of the system and should only be used when needed. The portmap or rpcbind services are used by a variety of services using Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs).System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35129r1_rule GEN003825 CCI-000305 MEDIUM The remshd service must not be installed. The remshd process provides a typically unencrypted, host-authenticated remote access service. SSH should be used in place of this service.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-29697r1_rule GEN003830 CCI-000068 MEDIUM The rlogind service must not be running. The rlogind process provides a typically unencrypted, host-authenticated remote access service. SSH should be used in place of this service.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-35131r1_rule GEN003835 CCI-000305 MEDIUM The rlogind service must not be installed. The rlogind process provides a typically unencrypted, host-authenticated remote access service. SSH should be used in place of this service.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-35133r1_rule GEN003845 CCI-000305 MEDIUM The rexecd service must not be installed. The rexecd process provides a typically unencrypted, host-authenticated remote access service. SSH should be used in place of this service.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35144r1_rule GEN003930 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The hosts.lpd (or equivalent) file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or system. Failure to give group-ownership of the hosts.lpd file to root, bin, sys, or system provides the members of the owning group and possible unauthorized users, with the potential to modify the hosts.lpd file. Unauthorized modifications could disrupt access to local printers from authorized remote hosts or permit unauthorized remote access to local printers.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35150r1_rule GEN003950 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The hosts.lpd (or equivalent) file must not have an extended ACL. Excessive permissions on the hosts.lpd (or equivalent) file may permit unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modifications could disrupt access to local printers from authorized remote hosts or permit unauthorized remote access to local printers.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38370r1_rule GEN004010 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The traceroute file must not have an extended ACL. If an extended ACL exists on the traceroute executable file, it may provide unauthorized users with access to the file. Malicious code could be inserted by an attacker and triggered whenever the traceroute command is executed by authorized users. Additionally, if an unauthorized user is granted executable permissions to the traceroute command, it could be used to gain information about the network topology behind the firewall. This information may allow an attacker to determine trusted routers and other network information possibly leading to system and network compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35163r1_rule GEN004370 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The aliases file must be group-owned by root, sys, bin, or other. If the alias file is not group-owned by root, bin, sys or other, an unauthorized user may modify the file to add aliases to run malicious code or redirect e-mail.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38372r1_rule GEN004390 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The alias file must not have an extended ACL. Excessive permissions on the aliases file may permit unauthorized modification. If the alias file is modified by an unauthorized user, they may modify the file to run malicious code or redirect e-mail.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38373r1_rule GEN004410 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Files executed through a mail aliases file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other, and must reside within a directory group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. If a file executed through a mail aliases file is not group-owned by root or a system group, it may be subject to unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modification of files executed through aliases may allow unauthorized users to attain root privileges.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38369r1_rule GEN004430 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Files executed through a mail aliases file must not have extended ACLs. Excessive permissions on files executed through a mail alias file could result in modification by an unauthorized user, execution of malicious code, and/or system compromise.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38368r1_rule GEN004510 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SMTP service log file must not have an extended ACL. If the SMTP service log file has an extended ACL, unauthorized users may be allowed to access or to modify the log file.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35104r1_rule GEN004930 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The ftpusers file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys or other. If the ftpusers file is not group-owned by root or a system group, an unauthorized user may modify the file to allow unauthorized accounts to use FTP.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38367r1_rule GEN004950 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The ftpusers file must not have an extended ACL. Excessive permissions on the ftpusers file could permit unauthorized modification. Unauthorized modification could result in Denial of Service to authorized FTP users or permit unauthorized users to access the FTP service.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35167r1_rule GEN005190 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The .Xauthority files must not have extended ACLs. .Xauthority files ensure the user is authorized to access the specific X Windows host. Extended ACLs may permit unauthorized modification of these files, which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized access or allow unauthorized access to be obtained.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26716r1_rule GEN005305 CCI-001435 MEDIUM The SNMP service must use only SNMPv3 or its successors. SNMP Versions 1 and 2 are not considered secure. Without the strong authentication and privacy that is provided by the SNMP Version 3 User-based Security Model (USM), an attacker or other unauthorized users may gain access to detailed system management information and use that information to launch attacks against the system.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-38374r1_rule GEN005350 CCI-000225 MEDIUM Management Information Base (MIB) files must not have extended ACLs. The ability to read the MIB file could impart special knowledge to an intruder or malicious user about the ability to extract compromising information about the system or network.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26734r1_rule GEN005365 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The snmpd.conf file must be group-owned by root, sys, bin or other. The snmpd.conf file contains authenticators and must be protected from unauthorized access and modification. If the file is not group-owned by root or a system group, it may be subject to access and modification from unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26738r1_rule GEN005375 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The snmpd.conf file must not have an extended ACL. The snmpd.conf file contains authenticators and must be protected from unauthorized access and modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38376r1_rule GEN005390 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/syslog.conf file must have mode 0640 or less permissive. Unauthorized users must not be allowed to access or modify the /etc/syslog.conf file.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38375r1_rule GEN005395 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/syslog.conf file must not have an extended ACL. Unauthorized users must not be allowed to access or modify the /etc/syslog.conf file.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35189r1_rule GEN005450 CCI-000136 MEDIUM The system must use a remote syslog server (loghost). A syslog server (loghost) receives syslog messages from one or more systems. This data can be used as an authoritative log source in the event a system is compromised and its local logs are suspect.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-35212r1_rule GEN005501 CCI-001436 MEDIUM The SSH client must be configured to only use the SSHv2 protocol. SSHv1 is not a DoD-approved protocol and has many well-known vulnerability exploits. Exploits of the SSH client could provide access to the system with the privileges of the user running the client.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-35214r1_rule GEN005504 CCI-000069 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must only listen on management network addresses unless authorized for uses other than management. The SSH daemon should only listen on network addresses designated for management traffic. If the system has multiple network interfaces and SSH listens on addresses not designated for management traffic, the SSH service could be subject to unauthorized access. If SSH is used for purposes other than management, such as providing an SFTP service, the list of approved listening addresses may be documented.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35216r1_rule GEN005505 CCI-000068 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must be configured to only use FIPS 140-2 approved ciphers. DoD information systems are required to use FIPS 140-2 approved ciphers. SSHv2 ciphers meeting this requirement are 3DES and AES.System AdministratorDCNR-1
SV-35218r1_rule GEN005506 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must be configured to not use Cipher-Block Chaining (CBC) ciphers. The CBC mode of encryption as implemented in the SSHv2 protocol is vulnerable to chosen plaintext attacks and must not be used.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35220r2_rule GEN005507 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must be configured to only use Message Authentication Codes (MACs) employing FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hash algorithms. DoD information systems are required to use FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hash functions.System Administrator
SV-35188r1_rule GEN005510 CCI-000068 MEDIUM The SSH client must be configured to only use FIPS 140-2 approved ciphers. DoD information systems are required to use FIPS 140-2 approved ciphers. SSHv2 ciphers meeting this requirement are 3DES and AES.System AdministratorDCNR-1
SV-35193r1_rule GEN005511 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The SSH client must be configured to not use Cipher-Block Chaining (CBC) based ciphers. The CBC mode of encryption as implemented in the SSHv2 protocol is vulnerable to chosen plaintext attacks and must not be used.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35210r3_rule GEN005512 CCI-001453 MEDIUM The SSH client must be configured to only use Message Authentication Codes (MACs) employing FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hash algorithms. DoD information systems are required to use FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hash functions.System Administrator
SV-35052r1_rule GEN005521 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must restrict login ability to specific users and/or groups. Restricting SSH logins to a limited group of users, such as system administrators, prevents password guessing and other SSH attacks from reaching system accounts and other accounts not authorized for SSH access.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35060r1_rule GEN005522 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SSH public host key files must have mode 0644 or less permissive. If a public host key file is modified by an unauthorized user, the SSH service may be compromised.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35063r1_rule GEN005523 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SSH private host key files must have mode 0600 or less permissive. If an unauthorized user obtains the private SSH host key file, the host could be impersonated.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35066r1_rule GEN005524 CCI-000366 LOW The SSH daemon must not permit GSSAPI authentication unless needed. GSSAPI authentication is used to provide additional authentication mechanisms to applications. Allowing GSSAPI authentication through SSH exposes the system’s GSSAPI to remote hosts, increasing the attack surface of the system. GSSAPI authentication must be disabled unless needed.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35068r1_rule GEN005525 CCI-000366 LOW The SSH client must not permit GSSAPI authentication unless needed. GSSAPI authentication is used to provide additional authentication mechanisms to applications. Allowing GSSAPI authentication through SSH exposes the system’s GSSAPI to remote hosts, increasing the attack surface of the system. GSSAPI authentication must be disabled unless needed.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35075r1_rule GEN005526 CCI-000366 LOW The SSH daemon must not permit Kerberos authentication unless needed. Kerberos authentication for SSH is often implemented using GSSAPI. If Kerberos is enabled through SSH, the SSH daemon provides a means of access to the system's Kerberos implementation. Vulnerabilities in the system's Kerberos implementation may then be subject to exploitation. To reduce the attack surface of the system, the Kerberos authentication mechanism within SSH must be disabled for systems not using this capability. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35135r1_rule GEN005533 CCI-000054 LOW The SSH daemon must limit connections to a single session. The SSH protocol has the ability to provide multiple sessions over a single connection without reauthentication. A compromised client could use this feature to establish additional sessions to a system without consent or knowledge of the user. Alternate per-connection session limits may be documented if needed for a valid mission requirement. Greater limits are expected to be necessary in situations where TCP or X11 forwarding are used.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35137r1_rule GEN005536 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must perform strict mode checking of home directory configuration files. If other users have access to modify user-specific SSH configuration files, they may be able to log into the system as another user.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35139r1_rule GEN005537 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must use privilege separation. SSH daemon privilege separation causes the SSH process to drop root privileges when not needed, which would decrease the impact of software vulnerabilities in the unprivileged section.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35142r1_rule GEN005538 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must not allow rhosts RSA authentication. If SSH permits rhosts RSA authentication, a user may be able to login based on the keys of the host originating the request and not any user-specific authentication..System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35146r1_rule GEN005539 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must not allow compression or must only allow compression after successful authentication. If compression is allowed in an SSH connection prior to authentication, vulnerabilities in the compression software could result in compromise of the system from an unauthenticated connection, potentially with root privileges.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35152r1_rule GEN005550 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The SSH daemon must be configured with the Department of Defense (DoD) login banner. Failure to display the DoD login banner prior to a logon attempt will negate legal proceedings resulting from unauthorized access to system resources. The SSH service must be configured to display the DoD logon warning banner either through the SSH configuration or a wrapper program, such as TCP_WRAPPERS. The SSH daemon may also be used to provide SFTP service. The warning banner configuration for SSH will apply to SFTP.System AdministratorECWM-1
SV-26805r1_rule GEN005570 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be configured with a default gateway for IPv6 if the system uses IPv6, unless the system is a router. If a system has no default gateway defined, the system is at increased risk of man-in-the-middle, monitoring, and Denial of Service attacks.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26811r1_rule GEN005610 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not have IP forwarding for IPv6 enabled, unless the system is an IPv6 router. If the system is configured for IP forwarding and is not a designated router, it could be used to bypass network security by providing a path for communication not filtered by network devices.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35183r1_rule GEN005750 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The NFS share configuration file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys or other. Failure to give group ownership of the NFS share configuration file to root, bin, sys or other provides the designated group owner and possible unauthorized users with the potential to change system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-26817r1_rule GEN005770 CCI-000225 LOW The NFS exports configuration file must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. Excessive permissions on the NFS export configuration file could allow unauthorized modification of the file, which could result in Denial of Service to authorized NFS exports and the creation of additional unauthorized exports.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35196r2_rule GEN005810 CCI-000225 MEDIUM All Network File System (NFS) shared system files and system directories must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. Failure to give group-ownership of sensitive files or directories to root provides the members of the owning group with the potential to access sensitive information or change system configuration which could weaken the system's security posture.System Administrator
SV-35223r1_rule GEN006150 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/smb.conf file must not have an extended ACL. Excessive permissions could endanger the security of the Samba configuration file and, ultimately, the system and network.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35105r1_rule GEN006210 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/smbpasswd file must not have an extended ACL. If the permissions of the smbpasswd file are too permissive, the smbpasswd file may be maliciously accessed or modified, potentially resulting in the compromise of Samba accounts.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35109r1_rule GEN006225 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Samba must be configured to use an authentication mechanism other than share. Samba share authentication does not provide for individual user identification and must not be used.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35111r1_rule GEN006230 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Samba must be configured to use encrypted passwords. Samba must be configured to protect authenticators. If Samba passwords are not encrypted for storage, plain-text user passwords may be read by those with access to the Samba password file.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-35112r1_rule GEN006235 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Samba must be configured to not allow guest access to shares. Guest access to shares permits anonymous access and is not permitted.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35115r1_rule GEN006270 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/hosts.nntp file must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. Excessive permissions on the hosts.nntp file may allow unauthorized modification which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized users or provide access to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35117r1_rule GEN006290 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/hosts.nntp.nolimit file must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. Excessive permissions on the hosts.nntp.nolimit file may allow unauthorized modification which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized users or provide access to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35119r1_rule GEN006310 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/nnrp.access file must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. Excessive permissions on the nnrp.access file may allow unauthorized modification which could lead to Denial of Service to authorized users or provide access to unauthorized users.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35121r1_rule GEN006330 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The /etc/news/passwd.nntp file must not have an extended ACL. Extended ACLs may provide excessive permissions on the /etc/news/passwd.nntp file, which may permit unauthorized access or modification to the NNTP configuration.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35166r1_rule GEN006565 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system package management tool must be used to verify system software periodically. Verification using the system package management tool can be used to determine that system software has not been tampered with. This requirement is not applicable to systems that do not use package management tools.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-35185r1_rule GEN006570 CCI-001297 LOW The file integrity tool must be configured to verify ACLs. ACLs can provide permissions beyond those permitted through the file mode and must be verified by file integrity tools.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-35190r1_rule GEN006571 CCI-001297 LOW The file integrity tool must be configured to verify extended attributes. Extended attributes in file systems are used to contain arbitrary data and file metadata with possible security implications.System AdministratorECAT-1
SV-35194r1_rule GEN006575 CCI-001297 LOW The file integrity tool must use FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic hashes for validating file contents. File integrity tools often use cryptographic hashes for verifying file contents have not been altered. These hashes must be FIPS 140-2 approved.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29988r1_rule GEN007020 CCI-000382 MEDIUM The Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) must be disabled unless required. The SCTP is an IETF-standardized transport layer protocol. This protocol is not yet widely used. Binding this protocol to the network stack increases the attack surface of the host. Unprivileged local processes may be able to cause the kernel to dynamically load a protocol handler by opening a socket using the protocol.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29601r1_rule GEN007760 CCI-001551 MEDIUM Proxy Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) must not be enabled on the system. Proxy Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) allows a system to respond to NDP requests on one interface on behalf of hosts connected to another interface. If this function is enabled when not required, addressing information may be leaked between the attached network segments.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26928r1_rule GEN007820 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not have IP tunnels configured. IP tunneling mechanisms can be used to bypass network filtering.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26932r1_rule GEN007840 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The DHCP client must be disabled if not needed. DHCP allows for the unauthenticated configuration of network parameters on the system by exchanging information with a DHCP server.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35241r1_rule GEN007860 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must ignore IPv6 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP ) redirect messages. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts of a more direct route existing for a particular destination. These messages modify the host's route table and are unauthenticated. An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26939r1_rule GEN007880 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not send IPv6 ICMP redirects. ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts of a more direct route existing for a particular destination. These messages contain information from the system's route table possibly revealing portions of the network topology.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-42274r1_rule GEN007900 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must use an appropriate reverse-path filter for IPv6 network traffic, if the system uses IPv6. Reverse-path filtering provides protection against spoofed source addresses by causing the system to discard packets with source addresses for which the system has no route or if the route does not point towards the interface on which the packet arrived. Depending on the role of the system, reverse-path filtering may cause legitimate traffic to be discarded and, therefore, should be used with a more permissive mode or filter, or not at all. Whenever possible, reverse-path filtering should be used.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38378r1_rule GEN007920 CCI-001551 MEDIUM The system must not forward IPv6 source-routed packets. Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of source-routed traffic, such as when IPv6 forwarding is enabled and the system is functioning as a router. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-41996r1_rule GEN007980 CCI-001453 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the system must use a TLS connection using FIPS 140-2 approved cryptographic algorithms. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. Communication between an LDAP server and a host using LDAP requires protection.System AdministratorDCNR-1
SV-38381r1_rule GEN008020 CCI-000185 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS connection must require the server provide a certificate and this certificate has a valid trust path to a trusted CA. The NSS LDAP service provides user mappings which are a vital component of system security. Communication between an LDAP server and a host using LDAP for NSS require authentication.System AdministratorDCNR-1
SV-38382r1_rule GEN008040 CCI-000185 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the system must verify the LDAP server's certificate has not been revoked. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. Communication between an LDAP server and a host using LDAP requires authentication.System AdministratorDCNR-1
SV-38383r1_rule GEN008060 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information the /etc/ldap.conf (or equivalent) file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38384r1_rule GEN008080 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the /etc/ldap.conf (or equivalent) file must be owned by root or bin. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38385r1_rule GEN008100 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the /etc/ldap.conf (or equivalent) file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-29569r1_rule GEN008120 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP configuration file(s) must not have an extended ACL. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38386r1_rule GEN008140 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the TLS certificate authority file and/or directory (as appropriate) must be owned by root. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38387r1_rule GEN008160 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the TLS certificate authority file and/or directory (as appropriate) must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38388r1_rule GEN008180 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the TLS certificate authority file and/or directory (as appropriate) must have mode 0644 (0755 for directories) or less permissive. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38389r1_rule GEN008200 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS certificate authority file and/or directory (as appropriate) must not have an extended ACL. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38390r1_rule GEN008220 CCI-000225 MEDIUM For systems using NSS LDAP, the TLS certificate file must be owned by root. The NSS LDAP service provides user mappings which are a vital component of system security. Its configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38391r1_rule GEN008240 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS certificate file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38392r1_rule GEN008260 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS certificate file must have mode 0644 or less permissive. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38393r1_rule GEN008280 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS certificate file must not have an extended ACL. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38394r1_rule GEN008300 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS key file must be owned by root. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38395r1_rule GEN008320 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS key file must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38396r1_rule GEN008340 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS key file must have mode 0600 or less permissive. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification. NOTE: Depending on the particular implementation, group and other read permission may be necessary for unprivileged users to successfully resolve account information using LDAP. This will still be a finding, as these permissions provide users with access to system authenticators. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38397r1_rule GEN008360 CCI-000225 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the LDAP TLS key file must not have an extended ACL. LDAP can be used to provide user authentication and account information, which are vital to system security. The LDAP client configuration must be protected from unauthorized modification.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-38377r1_rule GEN008440 CCI-000366 LOW Automated file system mounting tools must not be enabled unless needed. Automated file system mounting tools may provide unprivileged users with the ability to access local media and network shares. If this access is not necessary for the system’s operation, it must be disabled to reduce the risk of unauthorized access to these resources.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38400r1_rule GEN008460 CCI-000366 LOW The system must have USB disabled unless needed. USB is a common computer peripheral interface. USB devices may include storage devices that could be used to install malicious software on a system or exfiltrate data.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38401r1_rule GEN008480 CCI-000366 LOW The system must have USB Mass Storage disabled unless needed. USB is a common computer peripheral interface. USB devices may include storage devices that could be used to install malicious software on a system or exfiltrate data.trueSystem AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38403r1_rule GEN008520 CCI-001118 MEDIUM The system must employ a local firewall. A local firewall protects the system from exposing unnecessary or undocumented network services to the local enclave. If a system within the enclave is compromised, firewall protection on an individual system continues to protect it from attack.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26977r1_rule GEN008540 CCI-001109 MEDIUM The system's local firewall must implement a deny-all, allow-by-exception policy. A local firewall protects the system from exposing unnecessary or undocumented network services to the local enclave. If a system within the enclave is compromised, firewall protection on an individual system continues to protect it from attack.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38405r1_rule GEN008820 CCI-001233 LOW The system package management tool must not automatically obtain updates. System package management tools can obtain a list of updates and patches from a package repository and make this information available to the SA for review and action. Using a package repository outside of the organization's control presents a risk that malicious packages could be introduced.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-26994r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0110 CCI-000225 MEDIUM The HP-UX /etc/securetty file must not have an extended ACL. File system extended ACLs provide access to files beyond what is allowed by the mode numbers of the files. Unauthorized modification of the /etc/securetty file could cause Denial of Service to authorized system consoles or add unauthorized system consoles.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-35164r1_rule GEN005590 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not be running any routing protocol daemons, unless the system is a router. Routing protocol daemons are typically used on routers to exchange network topology information with other routers. If this software is used when not required, system network information may be unnecessarily transmitted across the network.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38406r2_rule GEN002690 CCI-000162 MEDIUM System audit logs must be group-owned by root, bin, sys, or other. Sensitive system and user information could provide a malicious user with enough information to penetrate further into the system.System AdministratorECLP-1, ECTP-1
SV-38407r1_rule GEN000410 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The FTPS/FTP service on the system must be configured with the Department of Defense (DoD) login banner. Failure to display the logon banner prior to a logon attempt will negate legal proceedings resulting from unauthorized access to system resources. NOTE: SFTP and FTPS are encrypted alternatives to FTP that should be used in place of FTP. SFTP is implemented by the SSH service and uses its banner configuration. System AdministratorECWM-1
SV-35050r1_rule GEN003621 CCI-001208 LOW The system must use a separate file system for /var. The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35054r1_rule GEN003623 CCI-001208 LOW The system must use a separate file system for the system audit data path.. The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-35055r1_rule GEN003624 CCI-001208 LOW The system must use a separate file system for /tmp (or equivalent). The use of separate file systems for different paths can protect the system from failures resulting from a file system becoming full or failing.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29690r1_rule GEN003601 CCI-000366 MEDIUM TCP backlog queue sizes must be set appropriately. To provide some mitigation to TCP Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, the TCP backlog queue sizes must be set to at least 1280 or in accordance with product-specific guidelines.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38410r1_rule GEN004710 CCI-001305 MEDIUM Mail relaying must be restricted. If unrestricted mail relaying is permitted, unauthorized senders could use this host as a mail relay for the purpose of sending SPAM or other unauthorized activity.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29540r1_rule GEN007960 CCI-000305 MEDIUM The ldd command must be disabled unless it protects against the execution of untrusted files. The ldd command provides a list of dependent libraries needed by a given binary, which is useful for troubleshooting software. Instead of parsing the binary file, some ldd implementations invoke the program with a special environment variable set, which causes the system dynamic linker to display the list of libraries. Specially crafted binaries can specify an alternate dynamic linker which may cause a program to be executed instead of examined. If the program is from an untrusted source, such as in a user home directory, or a file suspected of involvement in a system compromise, unauthorized software may be executed with the rights of the user running ldd. Some ldd implementations include protections preventing the execution of untrusted files. If such protections exist, this requirement is not applicable. An acceptable method of disabling ldd is changing its mode to 0000. The SA may conduct troubleshooting by temporarily changing the mode to allow execution and running the ldd command as an unprivileged user upon trusted system binaries. System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-29786r1_rule GEN007950 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not respond to ICMPv6 echo requests sent to a broadcast address. Responding to broadcast ICMP echo requests facilitates network mapping and provides a vector for amplification attacks.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-38411r1_rule GEN000402 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Department of Defense (DoD) login banner must be displayed immediately prior to, or as part of, graphical desktop environment login prompts. Failure to display the logon banner prior to a logon attempt will negate legal proceedings resulting from unauthorized access to system resources. This requirement applies to graphical desktop environments provided by the system to locally attached displays and input devices as well as to graphical desktop environments provided to remote systems, including thin clients.System AdministratorECWM-1
SV-38412r2_rule GEN009120 CCI-000768 MEDIUM The system, if capable, must be configured to require the use of a CAC, PIV compliant hardware token or Alternate Logon Token (ALT) for authentication. In accordance with CTO 07-015 PKI authentication is required. This provides stronger, two-factor authentication than using a username/password. NOTE: The following are exempt from this; however, they must meet all password requirements and must be documented with the IAO: - Stand-alone systems. - Application Accounts. - Students or unpaid employees (such as interns) who are not eligible to receive or not in receipt of a CAC, PIV, or ALT. - Warfighters and support personnel located at operational tactical locations conducting wartime operations that are not “collocated” with RAPIDS workstations to issue CAC; are not eligible for CAC or do not have the capability to use ALT. - Test systems that have an Interim Approval to Test (IATT) and provide protection via separate VPN, firewall or security measures preventing access to network and system components from outside the protection boundary documented in the IATT. System Administrator
SV-38413r1_rule GEN002870 CCI-000136 LOW The system must be configured to send audit records to a remote audit server. Audit records contain evidence that can be used in the investigation of compromised systems. To prevent this evidence from compromise, it must be sent to a separate system continuously. Methods for sending audit records include, but are not limited to, system audit tools used to send logs directly to another host or through the system's syslog service to another host. System AdministratorECTB-1
SV-38414r1_rule GEN008050 CCI-000196 MEDIUM If the system is using LDAP for authentication or account information, the /etc/ldap.conf file (or equivalent) must not contain passwords. The authentication of automated LDAP connections between systems must not use passwords since more secure methods are available, such as PKI and Kerberos. Additionally, the storage of unencrypted passwords on the system is not permitted.System AdministratorIAIA-1, IAIA-2
SV-35134r1_rule GEN003850 CCI-000197 HIGH The telnet daemon must not be running. The telnet daemon provides a typically unencrypted remote access service which does not provide for the confidentiality and integrity of user passwords or the remote session. If a privileged user were to log on using this service, the privileged user password could be compromised.GEN003850If an enabled telnet daemon is configured to only allow encrypted sessions, such as with Kerberos or the use of encrypted network tunnels, the risk of exposing sensitive information is mitigated, and this is not a finding.System AdministratorDCPP-1
SV-52330r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0200 CCI-000366 MEDIUM userdb database must not be used to override the system-wide variables in the security file, unless required. The user database stores per-user information. It consists of the /var/adm/userdb directory and the files within it. A per-user value in /var/adm/userdb will override any corresponding system-wide default configured in the /etc/default/security file. Allowing per-user files to relax system-wide security settings creates potential security gaps that can compromise overall system security.System AdministratorDCSW-1
SV-52335r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0210 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must disable accounts after three consecutive unsuccessful SSH login attempts. Disabling accounts after a limited number of unsuccessful SSH login attempts improves protection against password guessing attacks.ECLO-1, ECLO-2
SV-52432r2_rule GEN000000-HPUX0220 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must impose the same restrictions on root logins that are already applied to non-root users. Best practices standard operating procedures for computing systems includes account management. If the root account is allowed to be configured without a password, or not configured to lock if there have been no logins to the root account for an organization defined time interval, the entire system can be compromised.System Administrator
SV-52433r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0230 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The ability to boot the system into single user mode must be restricted to root. Single user mode access must be strictly limited to the privileged user root. The ability to boot to single user mode allows a malicious user the opportunity to modify, compromise, or otherwise damage the system.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-52434r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0240 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb directory must be owned by root. The /var/adm/userdb directory is the system user database repository used for storing per-user security configuration information. If the configuration is modified maliciously, individual users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52435r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0250 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb directory must be group-owned by sys. The /var/adm/userdb directory is the system user database repository used for storing per-user security configuration information. If the configuration is modified maliciously, individual users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52436r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0260 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb directory must have mode 0700 or less permissive. The /var/adm/userdb directory is the system user database repository used for storing per-user security configuration information. If the configuration is modified maliciously, individual users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52437r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0270 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb directory must not have an extended ACL. The /var/adm/userdb directory is the system user database repository used for storing per-user security configuration information. If the configuration is modified maliciously, individual users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52438r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0280 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must be owned by root. Unless the userdb is required, the /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must be created to disable the use of per-user security attributes in the user database. Attributes in the user database override the system-wide settings configured in /etc/default/security. If the system-wide configuration is overridden maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52439r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0290 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must be group-owned by sys. Unless the userdb is required, the /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must be created to disable the use of per-user security attributes in the user database. Attributes in the user database override the system-wide settings configured in /etc/default/security. If the system-wide configuration is overridden maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52440r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0300 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. Unless the userdb is required, the /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must be created to disable the use of per-user security attributes in the user database. Attributes in the user database override the system-wide settings configured in /etc/default/security. If the system-wide configuration is overridden maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52441r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0310 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must not have an extended ACL. Unless the userdb is required, the /var/adm/userdb/USERDB.DISABLED file must be created to disable the use of per-user security attributes in the user database. Attributes in the user database override the system-wide settings configured in /etc/default/security. If the system-wide configuration is overridden maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52454r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0320 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/security.dsc file must be owned by root. The /etc/security.dsc file is the system description file that contains all attributes and default values that are configurable on a per user basis in /var/adm/userdb. If the description file is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52455r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0330 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/security.dsc file must be group-owned by sys. The /etc/security.dsc file is the system description file that contains all attributes and default values that are configurable on a per user basis in /var/adm/userdb. If the description file is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52456r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0340 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/security.dsc file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. The /etc/security.dsc file is the system description file that contains all attributes and default values that are configurable on a per user basis in /var/adm/userdb. If the description file is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52458r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0350 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/security.dsc file must not have an extended ACL. The /etc/security.dsc file is the system description file that contains all attributes and default values that are configurable on a per user basis in /var/adm/userdb. If the description file is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52461r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0360 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam.conf file must be owned by root. /etc/pam.conf file is the system configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52464r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0370 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam.conf file must be group-owned by sys. The /etc/pam.conf file is the system configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52466r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0380 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam.conf file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. The /etc/pam.conf file is the system configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52471r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0390 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam.conf file must not have an extended ACL. The /etc/pam.conf file is the system configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52472r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0400 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The per user PAM configuration file (/etc/pam_user.conf) must not be used to override the system-wide PAM configuration file (/etc/pam.conf) unless it is required. The per user PAM configuration file (/etc/pam_user.conf) allows individual users to be assigned options that differ from those of the general computing community. This file is optional and should only be used if PAM applications are required to operate differently for specific users, i.e., to isolate the administrative user accounts.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-52473r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0410 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam_user.conf file must be owned by root. The /etc/pam_user.conf file is the per user configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. The /etc/pam_user.conf file must not be configured unless it is required.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52474r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0420 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam_user.conf file must be group-owned by sys. The /etc/pam_user.conf file is the per user configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. The /etc/pam_user.conf file must not be configured unless it is required.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52475r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0430 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The /etc/pam_user.conf file must have mode 0444 or less permissive. The /etc/pam_user.conf file is the per user configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. The /etc/pam_user.conf file must not be configured unless it is required.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52476r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0440 CCI-000366 MEDIUM /etc/pam_user.conf file must not have an extended ACL. The /etc/pam_user.conf file is the per user configuration file for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) architecture. It supports per user authentication, account, session, and password management. If the configuration is modified maliciously, users may gain unauthorized system access. The /etc/pam_user.conf file must not be configured unless it is required.System AdministratorECLP-1
SV-52481r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0450 CCI-000366 MEDIUM During a password change, the system must determine if password aging attributes are inherited from the /etc/default/security file attributes when no password aging is specified in the shadow file for local users. Password aging attributes are stored in /etc/default/security and /etc/shadow. Anytime a password aging policy is changed, policy requirements are updated in /etc/default/security. If the system is allowed to override or ignore updates made to /etc/default/security, deprecated password aging policies will remain intact and never enforce newer requirements.System AdministratorECSC-1
SV-52482r3_rule GEN000000-HPUX0460 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must display the date and time of the last successful account login upon login by means other than SSH. Providing users with feedback on when account accesses last occurred facilitates user recognition and reporting of unauthorized account use.System Administrator
SV-52483r1_rule GEN000000-HPUX0470 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system and user default umask must be 0077 for all sessions initiated via PAM. The umask controls the default access mode assigned to newly created files. An umask of 0077 limits new files to mode 0700 or less permissive. The leading zero digit represents an unsigned octal integer. This requirement applies to the globally configured system and user account defaults for all sessions initiated via PAM.System AdministratorECCD-1, ECCD-2
SV-65205r2_rule GEN000000-HPUX0225 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must impose the same restrictions on root passwords that are already applied to non-root users. Best practices and standard operating procedures for computing systems include password management. If the root account is allowed to be configured with inadequate password controls, the entire system can be compromised.
SV-87463r1_rule GEN007841 CCI-001443 MEDIUM Wireless network adapters must be disabled. The use of wireless networking can introduce many different attack vectors into the organization’s network. Common attack vectors such as malicious association and ad hoc networks will allow an attacker to spoof a wireless access point (AP), allowing validated systems to connect to the malicious AP and enabling the attacker to monitor and record network traffic. These malicious APs can also serve to create a man-in-the-middle attack or be used to create a denial of service to valid network resources.