Cisco IOS Router NDM Security Technical Implementation Guide

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: [email protected]

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Version / Release: V1R2

Published: 2019-12-19

Updated At: 2020-01-27 23:26:39

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Drop CKL or SCAP (XCCDF) results here.

    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-105145r1_rule CISC-ND-000010 CCI-000054 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to limit the number of concurrent management sessions to an organization-defined number. Device management includes the ability to control the number of administrators and management sessions that manage a device. Limiting the number of allowed administrators and sessions per administrator based on account type, role, or access type is helpfu
    SV-105147r1_rule CISC-ND-000060 CCI-000015 MEDIUM The network element must provide automated support for account management functions. If account management functions are not automatically enforced, an attacker could gain privileged access to a vital element of the network security architecture. Account management functions include: assignment of group or role membership; identifying ac
    SV-105149r1_rule CISC-ND-000070 CCI-000016 MEDIUM The Cisco router must automatically remove or disable temporary user accounts after 72 hours. Temporary accounts are established as part of normal account activation procedures when there is a need for short-term accounts without the demand for immediacy in account activation. If temporary accounts remain active when no longer needed, they may be
    SV-105151r1_rule CISC-ND-000080 CCI-000017 MEDIUM The Cisco router must automatically disable accounts after a 35-day period of account inactivity. Since the accounts in the network device are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the network device. Inactive accounts could be reactivated or compromised by unauthorized users, allowing exploitation of vuln
    SV-105153r1_rule CISC-ND-000090 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to automatically audit account creation. Upon gaining access to a network device, an attacker will often first attempt to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is to create a new account. Notification of account creation helps to mitigate this risk. Audi
    SV-105155r1_rule CISC-ND-000100 CCI-001403 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to automatically audit account modification. Since the accounts in the network device are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the network device. Account management by a designated authority ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a
    SV-105157r1_rule CISC-ND-000110 CCI-001404 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to automatically audit account disabling actions. Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account disabling actions will support account management procedures. When device managem
    SV-105159r1_rule CISC-ND-000120 CCI-001405 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to automatically audit account removal actions. Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account removal actions will support account management procedures. When device managemen
    SV-105161r1_rule CISC-ND-000140 CCI-001368 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of management information within the device based on control policies. A mechanism to detect and prevent unauthorized communication flow must be configured or provided as part of the system design. If management information flow is not enforced based on approved authorizations, the network device may become compromised. Info
    SV-105163r1_rule CISC-ND-000150 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts, after which time it must lock out the user account from accessing the device for 15 minutes. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced.
    SV-105165r1_rule CISC-ND-000160 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the device. Display of the DoD-approved use notification before granting access to the network device ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, a
    SV-105167r1_rule CISC-ND-000180 CCI-000052 MEDIUM Upon successful logon, the Cisco router must notify the administrator of the date and time of the last logon. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful login allows them to determine if any unauthorized ac
    SV-105169r1_rule CISC-ND-000190 CCI-000053 MEDIUM Upon successful logon, the Cisco router must notify the administrator of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the number of unsuccessful attempts made to login to their account allows them to determine if a
    SV-105171r1_rule CISC-ND-000200 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must notify the administrator of changes to access and/or privilege parameters of the administrators account that occurred since the last logon. Providing administrators with information regarding security-related changes to their account allows them to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. Changes to the account could be an indication of the account being compromised. Hence, withou
    SV-105173r1_rule CISC-ND-000210 CCI-000166 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to protect against an individual falsely denying having performed organization-defined actions to be covered by non-repudiation. This requirement supports non-repudiation of actions taken by an administrator and is required in order to maintain the integrity of the configuration management process. All configuration changes to the network device are logged, and administrators authe
    SV-105177r1_rule CISC-ND-000250 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to log on with access privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit reco
    SV-105179r1_rule CISC-ND-000280 CCI-000131 MEDIUM The Cisco router must produce audit records containing information to establish when (date and time) the events occurred. It is essential for security personnel to know what is being done, what was attempted, where it was done, when it was done, and by whom it was done in order to compile an accurate risk assessment. Logging the date and time of each detected event provides
    SV-105181r1_rule CISC-ND-000290 CCI-000132 MEDIUM The Cisco router must produce audit records containing information to establish where the events occurred. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know where events occurred, such as device hardware components, device software modules, session identifiers, filenames, host names, a
    SV-105183r1_rule CISC-ND-000330 CCI-000135 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate audit records containing the full-text recording of privileged commands. Reconstruction of harmful events or forensic analysis is not possible if audit records do not contain enough information. Organizations consider limiting the additional audit information to only that information explicitly needed for specific audit requ
    SV-105185r1_rule CISC-ND-000340 CCI-000139 MEDIUM The Cisco router must alert the ISSO and SA (at a minimum) in the event of an audit processing failure. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without this notification, the security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability and system opera
    SV-105187r1_rule CISC-ND-000380 CCI-000163 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to protect audit information from unauthorized modification. Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit network device activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of
    SV-105189r1_rule CISC-ND-000390 CCI-000164 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to protect audit information from unauthorized deletion. Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit information system activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true sourc
    SV-105191r1_rule CISC-ND-000440 CCI-001350 MEDIUM The Cisco router must use cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information at rest. Audit records may be tampered with. If the integrity of audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is impossible to achieve. Protection of audit records and audi
    SV-105193r1_rule CISC-ND-000460 CCI-001499 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to limit privileges to change the software resident within software libraries. Changes to any software components of the network device can have significant effects on the overall security of the network. Therefore, only qualified and authorized individuals should be allowed administrative access to the network device for implementi
    SV-105195r1_rule CISC-ND-000470 CCI-000382 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to prohibit the use of all unnecessary and nonsecure functions and services. Network devices are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services provided by default may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations. Additionally, it is sometimes convenient to prov
    SV-105197r1_rule CISC-ND-000480 CCI-000764 HIGH The Cisco router must uniquely identify and authenticate organizational administrators (or processes acting on behalf of organizational administrators). To assure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational administrators must be uniquely identified and authenticated for all network management accesses to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system. This control does not a
    SV-105199r1_rule CISC-ND-000490 CCI-001358 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured with only one local account to be used as the account of last resort in the event the authentication server is unavailable. Authentication for administrative (privileged level) access to the device is required at all times. An account can be created on the device's local database for use when the authentication server is down or connectivity between the device and the authenti
    SV-105201r1_rule CISC-ND-000500 CCI-000765 MEDIUM The Cisco router must use multifactor authentication for network access to privileged accounts. Multifactor authentication requires using two or more factors to achieve authentication. Factors include: (i) something a user knows (e.g., password/PIN); (ii) something a user has (e.g., cryptographic identification device, token); or (iii) something
    SV-105203r1_rule CISC-ND-000510 CCI-000767 MEDIUM The Cisco router must use multifactor authentication for local access to privileged accounts. Multifactor authentication is defined as: using two or more factors to achieve authentication. Factors include: (i) Something a user knows (e.g., password/PIN); (ii) Something a user has (e.g., cryptographic identification device, token); or (iii) So
    SV-105205r1_rule CISC-ND-000530 CCI-001941 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to implement replay-resistant authentication mechanisms for network access to privileged accounts. A replay attack may enable an unauthorized user to gain access to the application. Authentication sessions between the authenticator and the application validating the user credentials must not be vulnerable to a replay attack. An authentication process
    SV-105207r1_rule CISC-ND-000540 CCI-000795 MEDIUM The Cisco router must disable identifiers (individuals, groups, roles, and devices) after 35 days of inactivity. Inactive identifiers pose a risk to network devices. Attackers that are able to exploit an inactive identifier can potentially obtain and maintain undetected access to the device. Owners of inactive accounts may not notice if unauthorized access to their
    SV-105209r1_rule CISC-ND-000550 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce a minimum 15-character password length. Password complexity or strength is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. The s
    SV-105211r1_rule CISC-ND-000570 CCI-000192 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used. Use of a complex passwords helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-105213r1_rule CISC-ND-000580 CCI-000193 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-105215r1_rule CISC-ND-000590 CCI-000194 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-105217r1_rule CISC-ND-000600 CCI-001619 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-105219r1_rule CISC-ND-000610 CCI-000195 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to require that when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least eight of the positions within the password. If the application allows the user to consecutively reuse extensive portions of passwords, this increases the chances of password compromise by increasing the window of opportunity for attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. The number of changed c
    SV-105221r1_rule CISC-ND-000620 CCI-000196 HIGH The Cisco router must only store cryptographic representations of passwords. Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Network devices must enforce cryptographic re
    SV-105223r1_rule CISC-ND-000640 CCI-000198 MEDIUM The Cisco router must enforce 24 hours as the minimum password lifetime. Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. Restricting this setting limits the user's ability to change their password. Passwords need to be changed at sp
    SV-105225r1_rule CISC-ND-000650 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The Cisco router must enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed at specific intervals. One method of minimizing this risk is to use complex passwords and periodically change them. If the network device does not li
    SV-105227r1_rule CISC-ND-000720 CCI-001133 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to terminate all network connections associated with device management after 10 minutes of inactivity. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminat
    SV-105229r1_rule CISC-ND-000790 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must activate a system alert message, send an alarm, and/or automatically shut down when a component failure is detected. Predictable failure prevention requires organizational planning to address device failure issues. If components key to maintaining the device's security fail to function, the device could continue operating in an insecure state. If appropriate actions are
    SV-105231r1_rule CISC-ND-000800 CCI-001683 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are created. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply create a new account. Notification of account creation is
    SV-105233r1_rule CISC-ND-000810 CCI-001684 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are modified. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply modify an existing account. Notification of account modif
    SV-105235r1_rule CISC-ND-000820 CCI-001685 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are disabled. When application accounts are disabled, administrator accessibility is affected. Accounts are utilized for identifying individual device administrators or for identifying the device processes themselves. In order to detect and respond to events that aff
    SV-105237r1_rule CISC-ND-000830 CCI-001686 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are removed. When application accounts are removed, administrator accessibility is affected. Accounts are utilized for identifying individual device administrators or for identifying the device processes themselves. In order to detect and respond to events that affe
    SV-105241r1_rule CISC-ND-000880 CCI-002130 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to automatically audit account enabling actions. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account
    SV-105243r1_rule CISC-ND-000890 CCI-002132 MEDIUM The Cisco router must notify SAs and ISSMs when accounts are created or enabled when previously disabled. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account
    SV-105245r1_rule CISC-ND-000900 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to be compliant with at least one IETF Internet standard authentication protocol. Protecting access authorization information (i.e., access control decisions) ensures that authorization information cannot be altered, spoofed, or otherwise compromised during transmission. In distributed information systems, authorization processes and
    SV-105247r1_rule CISC-ND-000940 CCI-002234 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to audit the execution of privileged functions. Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts
    SV-105249r1_rule CISC-ND-000950 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The Cisco router must automatically lock the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded. By limiting the number of failed login attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
    SV-105251r1_rule CISC-ND-000960 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must notify the administrator, upon successful logon (access), of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon (access). Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their account. Providing them with information deemed important by the organization may aid in the discovery of unauthorized access or thwart a potential attacker. Organizations should con
    SV-105253r1_rule CISC-ND-000980 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to allocate audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements. In order to ensure network devices have a sufficient storage capacity in which to write the audit logs, they need to be able to allocate audit record storage capacity. The task of allocating audit record storage capacity is usually performed during initia
    SV-105255r1_rule CISC-ND-000990 CCI-001855 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity. If security personnel are not notified immediately upon storage volume utilization reaching 75%, they are unable to plan for storage capacity expansion. This could lead to the loss of audit information. Note that while the network device must generate the
    SV-105257r1_rule CISC-ND-001000 CCI-001858 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate an alert for all audit failure events. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without a real-time alert, security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability and system operation
    SV-105259r1_rule CISC-ND-001030 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to synchronize its clock with the primary and secondary time sources using redundant authoritative time sources. The loss of connectivity to a particular authoritative time source will result in the loss of time synchronization (free-run mode) and increasingly inaccurate time stamps on audit events and other functions. Multiple time sources provide redundancy by i
    SV-105261r1_rule CISC-ND-001040 CCI-001889 MEDIUM The Cisco router must record time stamps for audit records that meet a granularity of one second for a minimum degree of precision. Without sufficient granularity of time stamps, it is not possible to adequately determine the chronological order of records. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time. Granularity of time measurements refers to the degree of synchron
    SV-105263r1_rule CISC-ND-001050 CCI-001890 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to record time stamps for log records that can be mapped to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). If time stamps are not consistently applied and there is no common time reference, it is difficult to perform forensic analysis. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time. Time is commonly expressed in UTC, a modern continuation of G
    SV-105265r1_rule CISC-ND-001060 CCI-001811 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate an alert that will then be sent to the ISSO, ISSM, and other designated personnel (deemed appropriate by the local organization) when the unauthorized installation of software is detected. Unauthorized software not only increases risk by increasing the number of potential vulnerabilities, it also can contain malicious code. Sending an alert (in real time) when unauthorized software is detected allows designated personnel to take action on t
    SV-105267r1_rule CISC-ND-001100 CCI-002038 MEDIUM The Cisco router must require users to reauthenticate when privilege escalation or role changes occur. Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization. When devices provide the capability to change security roles, it is critical the user re-authenticate. In addition to the re-authentication
    SV-105269r1_rule CISC-ND-001110 CCI-001953 MEDIUM The Cisco router must accept Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credentials. The use of PIV credentials facilitates standardization and reduces the risk of unauthorized access. DoD has mandated the use of the CAC to support identity management and personal authentication for systems covered under HSPD 12, as well as a primary com
    SV-105271r1_rule CISC-ND-001120 CCI-001954 MEDIUM The Cisco router must electronically verify Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credentials. The use of PIV credentials facilitates standardization and reduces the risk of unauthorized access. DoD has mandated the use of the CAC to support identity management and personal authentication for systems covered under HSPD 12, as well as a primary com
    SV-105273r1_rule CISC-ND-001130 CCI-001967 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to authenticate SNMP messages using a FIPS-validated Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC). Without authenticating devices, unidentified or unknown devices may be introduced, thereby facilitating malicious activity. Bidirectional authentication provides stronger safeguards to validate the identity of other devices for connections that are of gre
    SV-105275r1_rule CISC-ND-001140 CCI-000068 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to encrypt SNMP messages using a FIPS 140-2 approved algorithm. Without the strong encryption that is provided by the SNMP Version 3 User-based Security Model (USM), an unauthorized user can gain access to network management information that can be used to create a network outage.
    SV-105277r1_rule CISC-ND-001150 CCI-001967 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to authenticate Network Time Protocol (NTP) sources using authentication that is cryptographically based. If Network Time Protocol is not authenticated, an attacker can introduce a rogue NTP server. This rogue server can then be used to send incorrect time information to network devices, which will make log timestamps inaccurate and affect scheduled actions.
    SV-105279r1_rule CISC-ND-001160 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must dynamically manage identifiers. Dynamic identifier management prevents disruption of operations by minimizing the need for system restarts. Dynamic establishment of new identifiers will occur while the system is operational. New identifiers or changes to existing identifiers must take e
    SV-105281r1_rule CISC-ND-001170 CCI-002041 MEDIUM The Cisco router must allow the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Without providing this capability, an account may be created without a password. Non-repudiation cannot be guaranteed once an account is created if a user is not forced to change the temporary password upon initial login. Temporary passwords are typicall
    SV-105283r1_rule CISC-ND-001200 CCI-002890 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to use FIPS-validated Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) to protect the integrity of remote maintenance sessions. Unapproved mechanisms that are used for authentication to the cryptographic module are not verified and therefore cannot be relied upon to provide confidentiality or integrity, and DoD data may be compromised. Nonlocal maintenance and diagnostic activiti
    SV-105285r1_rule CISC-ND-001210 CCI-003123 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of remote maintenance sessions. This requires the use of secure protocols instead of their unsecured counterparts, such as SSH instead of telnet, SCP instead of FTP, and HTTPS instead of HTTP. If unsecured protocols (lacking cryptographic mechanisms) are used for sessions, the contents
    SV-105287r1_rule CISC-ND-001220 CCI-002385 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to protect against known types of denial-of-service (DoS) attacks by employing organization-defined security safeguards. DoS is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. When this occurs, the organization either cannot accomplish its mission or must operate at degraded capacity. This requirement addresses the configuration of network devices to mit
    SV-105289r1_rule CISC-ND-001240 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate log records when administrator privileges are modified. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-105291r1_rule CISC-ND-001250 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate log records when administrator privileges are deleted. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-105293r1_rule CISC-ND-001260 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful logon attempts occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-105295r1_rule CISC-ND-001270 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate log records for privileged activities. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-105297r1_rule CISC-ND-001280 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must generate audit records showing starting and ending time for administrator access to the system. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit reco
    SV-105299r1_rule CISC-ND-001290 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate log records when concurrent logons from different workstations occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit recor
    SV-105301r1_rule CISC-ND-001310 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to off-load log records onto a different system than the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity.
    SV-105303r1_rule CISC-ND-001330 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must notify the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful login allows the administrator to determine if any un
    SV-105305r1_rule CISC-ND-001340 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must use automated mechanisms to alert security personnel to threats identified by authoritative sources (e.g., CTOs) and in accordance with CJCSM 6510.01B. By immediately displaying an alarm message, potential security violations can be identified more quickly even when administrators are not logged into the network device.
    SV-105307r1_rule CISC-ND-001370 CCI-000366 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to use an authentication server for the purpose of authenticating users prior to granting administrative access. Centralized management of user accounts and authentication increases the administrative access to the router. This control is particularly important protection against the insider threat. With robust centralized management, audit records for administrator
    SV-105309r1_rule CISC-ND-001380 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must employ automated mechanisms to centrally apply authentication settings. The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without
    SV-105311r1_rule CISC-ND-001390 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must employ automated mechanisms to centrally verify authentication settings. The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without
    SV-105313r1_rule CISC-ND-001400 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must employ automated mechanisms to detect the addition of unauthorized components or devices. This requirement addresses configuration management of the network device. The network device must automatically detect the installation of unauthorized software or hardware onto the device itself. Monitoring may be accomplished on an ongoing basis or by
    SV-105315r2_rule CISC-ND-001410 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to back up the configuration when changes occur. System-level information includes default and customized settings and security attributes, including ACLs that relate to the network device configuration, as well as software required for the execution and operation of the device. Information system backu
    SV-105317r1_rule CISC-ND-001430 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must employ automated mechanisms to assist in the tracking of security incidents. Despite the investment in perimeter defense technologies, enclaves are still faced with detecting, analyzing, and remediating network breaches and exploits that have made it past the network device. An automated incident response infrastructure allows net
    SV-105319r2_rule CISC-ND-001440 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to obtain its public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through an approved service provider. For user certificates, each organization obtains certificates from an approved, shared service provider, as required by OMB policy. For federal agencies operating a legacy public key infrastructure cross-certified with the Federal Bridge Certification Aut
    SV-105321r1_rule CISC-ND-001450 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to send log data to a syslog server for the purpose of forwarding alerts to the administrators and the ISSO. The aggregation of log data kept on a syslog server can be used to detect attacks and trigger an alert to the appropriate security personnel. The stored log data can used to detect weaknesses in security that enable the network IA team to find and address
    SV-105323r1_rule CISC-ND-001460 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to send SNMP traps and notifications to the SNMP manager for the purpose of sending alarms and notifying appropriate personnel as required by specific events. If appropriate actions are not taken when a network device failure occurs, a denial of service condition may occur which could result in mission failure since the network would be operating without a critical security monitoring and prevention function. U
    SV-105325r1_rule CISC-ND-001470 CCI-000366 HIGH The Cisco router must be running an IOS release that is currently supported by Cisco Systems. Network devices running an unsupported operating system lack current security fixes required to mitigate the risks associated with recent vulnerabilities. Running a supported release also enables operations to maintain a stable and reliable network provid
    SV-106243r1_rule CISC-ND-000560 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The Cisco router must prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. To meet password policy requirements, passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals. If the