Cisco IOS XR Router NDM Security Technical Implementation Guide

This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: [email protected]

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Version / Release: V1R4

Published: 2020-06-04

Updated At: 2020-08-15 20:21:56

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Drop CKL or SCAP (XCCDF) results here.

    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-105509r1_rule CISC-ND-000010 CCI-000054 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to limit the number of concurrent management sessions to an organization-defined number. Device management includes the ability to control the number of administrators and management sessions that manage a device. Limiting the number of allowed administrators and sessions per administrator based on account type, role, or access type is helpfu
    SV-105517r1_rule CISC-ND-000140 CCI-001368 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of management information within the device based on control policies. A mechanism to detect and prevent unauthorized communication flow must be configured or provided as part of the system design. If management information flow is not enforced based on approved authorizations, the network device may become compromised. Info
    SV-105519r1_rule CISC-ND-000150 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts after which time lock out the user account from accessing the device for 15 minutes. By limiting the number of failed login attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced.
    SV-105521r1_rule CISC-ND-000160 CCI-000048 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the device. Display of the DoD-approved use notification before granting access to the network device ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, a
    SV-105531r1_rule CISC-ND-000250 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to logon with access privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit reco
    SV-105533r1_rule CISC-ND-000280 CCI-000131 MEDIUM The Cisco router must produce audit records containing information to establish when (date and time) the events occurred. It is essential for security personnel to know what is being done, what was attempted, where it was done, when it was done, and by whom it was done in order to compile an accurate risk assessment. Logging the date and time of each detected event provides
    SV-105535r1_rule CISC-ND-000290 CCI-000132 MEDIUM The Cisco router must produce audit records containing information to establish where the events occurred. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know where events occurred, such as device hardware components, device software modules, session identifiers, filenames, host names, a
    SV-105541r1_rule CISC-ND-000470 CCI-000382 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to be configured to prohibit the use of all unnecessary and nonsecure functions and services. Network devices are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services provided by default may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations. Additionally, it is sometimes convenient to prov
    SV-105545r1_rule CISC-ND-000490 CCI-001358 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured with only one local account to be used as the account of last resort in the event the authentication server is unavailable. Authentication for administrative (privileged level) access to the device is required at all times. An account can be created on the device's local database for use when the authentication server is down or connectivity between the device and the authenti
    SV-105551r1_rule CISC-ND-000530 CCI-001941 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to implement replay-resistant authentication mechanisms for network access to privileged accounts. A replay attack may enable an unauthorized user to gain access to the application. Authentication sessions between the authenticator and the application validating the user credentials must not be vulnerable to a replay attack. An authentication process
    SV-105559r1_rule CISC-ND-000720 CCI-001133 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to terminate all network connections associated with device management after 10 minutes of inactivity. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminat
    SV-105581r1_rule CISC-ND-000980 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to allocate audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements. In order to ensure network devices have a sufficient storage capacity in which to write the audit logs, they need to be able to allocate audit record storage capacity. The task of allocating audit record storage capacity is usually performed during initia
    SV-105585r1_rule CISC-ND-001000 CCI-001858 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to generate an alert for all audit failure events. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without a real-time alert, security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability and system operation
    SV-105587r1_rule CISC-ND-001030 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to synchronize its clock with the primary and secondary time sources using redundant authoritative time sources. The loss of connectivity to a particular authoritative time source will result in the loss of time synchronization (free-run mode) and increasingly inaccurate time stamps on audit events and other functions. Multiple time sources provide redundancy by i
    SV-105589r1_rule CISC-ND-001040 CCI-001889 MEDIUM The Cisco router must record time stamps for audit records that meet a granularity of one second for a minimum degree of precision. Without sufficient granularity of time stamps, it is not possible to adequately determine the chronological order of records. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time. Granularity of time measurements refers to the degree of synchron
    SV-105591r1_rule CISC-ND-001050 CCI-001890 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to record time stamps for log records that can be mapped to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). If time stamps are not consistently applied and there is no common time reference, it is difficult to perform forensic analysis. Time stamps generated by the application include date and time. Time is commonly expressed in UTC, a modern continuation of G
    SV-105601r1_rule CISC-ND-001130 CCI-001967 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to authenticate SNMP messages using a FIPS-validated Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC). Without authenticating devices, unidentified or unknown devices may be introduced, thereby facilitating malicious activity. Bidirectional authentication provides stronger safeguards to validate the identity of other devices for connections that are of gre
    SV-105603r1_rule CISC-ND-001140 CCI-000068 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to encrypt SNMP messages using a FIPS 140-2 approved algorithm. Without the strong encryption that is provided by the SNMP Version 3 User-based Security Model (USM), an unauthorized user can gain access to network management information that can be used to create a network outage.
    SV-105605r1_rule CISC-ND-001150 CCI-001967 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to authenticate NTP sources using authentication that is cryptographically based. If Network Time Protocol is not authenticated, an attacker can introduce a rogue NTP server. This rogue server can then be used to send incorrect time information to network devices, which will make log timestamps inaccurate and affect scheduled actions.
    SV-105611r1_rule CISC-ND-001200 CCI-002890 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to use FIPS-validated Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) to protect the integrity of remote maintenance sessions. Unapproved mechanisms that are used for authentication to the cryptographic module are not verified and therefore cannot be relied upon to provide confidentiality or integrity, and DoD data may be compromised. Nonlocal maintenance and diagnostic activiti
    SV-105613r1_rule CISC-ND-001210 CCI-003123 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of remote maintenance sessions. This requires the use of secure protocols instead of their unsecured counterparts, such as SSH instead of telnet, SCP instead of FTP, and HTTPS instead of HTTP. If unsecured protocols (lacking cryptographic mechanisms) are used for sessions, the contents
    SV-105615r1_rule CISC-ND-001310 CCI-001851 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to off-load log records onto a different system than the system being audited. Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity.
    SV-105621r1_rule CISC-ND-001370 CCI-000366 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to use an authentication server for the purpose of authenticating users prior to granting administrative access. Centralized management of user accounts and authentication increases the administrative access to the router. This control is particularly important protection against the insider threat. With robust centralized management, audit records for administrator
    SV-105629r2_rule CISC-ND-001410 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to back up the configuration when changes occur. System-level information includes default and customized settings and security attributes, including ACLs that relate to the network device configuration, as well as software required for the execution and operation of the device. Information system backu
    SV-105633r1_rule CISC-ND-001440 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Cisco router must be configured to obtain its public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through an approved service provider. For user certificates, each organization obtains certificates from an approved, shared service provider, as required by OMB policy. For federal agencies operating a legacy public key infrastructure cross-certified with the Federal Bridge Certification Aut
    SV-105635r3_rule CISC-ND-001450 CCI-000366 HIGH The Cisco router must be configured to send log data to a syslog server for the purpose of forwarding alerts to the administrators and the ISSO. The aggregation of log data kept on a syslog server can be used to detect attacks and trigger an alert to the appropriate security personnel. The stored log data can used to detect weaknesses in security that enable the network IA team to find and address
    SV-105639r2_rule CISC-ND-001470 CCI-000366 HIGH The Cisco router must be running an IOS release that is currently supported by Cisco Systems. Network devices running an unsupported operating system lack current security fixes required to mitigate the risks associated with recent vulnerabilities. Running a supported release also enables operations to maintain a stable and reliable network provid