Apple OS X 10.10 (Yosemite) Workstation Security Technical Implementation Guide

The Apple OS X 10.10 Workstation Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via e-mail to the following address: [email protected]

Details

Version / Release: V1R2

Published: 2015-09-21

Updated At: 2018-09-23 02:00:47

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Findings
Severity Open Not Reviewed Not Applicable Not a Finding
Overall 0 0 0 0
Low 0 0 0 0
Medium 0 0 0 0
High 0 0 0 0
Drop CKL or SCAP (XCCDF) results here.

    Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description Status Finding Details Comments
    SV-73835r2_rule AOSX-10-000010 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The operating system must initiate a session lock after a 15-minute period of inactivity. A screensaver must be enabled and set to require a password to unlock. The timeout should be set to fifteen minutes of inactivity. This mitigates the risk that a user might forget to manually lock the screen before stepping away from the computer. A sess
    SV-73957r2_rule AOSX-10-000020 CCI-000056 MEDIUM The operating system must retain the session lock until the user reestablishes access using established identification and authentication procedures. Users must be prompted to enter their passwords when unlocking the screensaver. The screensaver acts as a session lock and prevents unauthorized users from accessing the current user's account.
    SV-73959r1_rule AOSX-10-000035 CCI-000068 HIGH The operating system must implement DoD-approved encryption to protect the confidentiality of remote access sessions. The 'rexec' service must be disabled. The 'rexec' service does not implement crypto and has had several security vulnerabilities in the past. It is disabled by default; enabling it would increase the attack surface of the system. Without confidentiality
    SV-73961r1_rule AOSX-10-000040 CCI-001453 HIGH The operating system must implement cryptography to protect the integrity of remote access sessions. The telnet service must be disabled, as it sends all data, including the user's password, in a clear text form that can be easily intercepted and read. Passwords need to be protected at all times and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwo
    SV-73963r1_rule AOSX-10-000050 CCI-000381 HIGH The rshd service must be disabled. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-73965r1_rule AOSX-10-000030 CCI-000067 MEDIUM The operating system must monitor remote access methods. Remote access services, such as those providing remote access to network devices and information systems, increase risk and expose those systems to possible cyber attacks, so all remote access should be closely monitored and audited. Only authorized users
    SV-73967r1_rule AOSX-10-000055 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The operating system must enforce requirements for remote connections to the information system. The Screen Sharing feature allows remote users to view or control the desktop of the current user. A malicious user can take advantage of Screen Sharing to gain full access to the system remotely, either with stolen credentials or by guessing the username
    SV-73969r1_rule AOSX-10-000065 CCI-000366 LOW The Bluetooth software driver must be removed. The Bluetooth kernel extension must be removed, as wireless access introduces unnecessary security risks. Removing Bluetooth support entirely mitigates this risk.
    SV-73971r1_rule AOSX-10-000070 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Wi-Fi support software must be disabled. Use of Wi-Fi to connect to unauthorized networks may facilitate the exfiltration of mission data.
    SV-73973r1_rule AOSX-10-000075 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Infrared [IR] support must be disabled. Infrared [IR] kernel support must be disabled to prevent users from controlling the system with IR devices. By default, if IR is enabled, the system will accept IR control from any remote.
    SV-73975r2_rule AOSX-10-000085 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Automatic actions must be disabled for blank CDs. Applications should not be configured to launch automatically when a disk is inserted. This potentially circumvents anti-virus software and allows malicious users to craft disks that can exploit user applications. Disabling Automatic Actions for blank CDs
    SV-73977r2_rule AOSX-10-000090 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Automatic actions must be disabled for blank DVDs. Applications should not be configured to launch automatically when a disk is inserted. This potentially circumvents anti-virus software and allows malicious users to craft disks that can exploit user applications. Disabling Automatic Actions for blank DVD
    SV-73979r2_rule AOSX-10-000095 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Automatic actions must be disabled for music CDs. Applications should not be configured to launch automatically when a disk is inserted. This potentially circumvents anti-virus software and allows malicious users to craft disks that can exploit user applications. Disabling Automatic Actions for music CDs
    SV-73981r2_rule AOSX-10-000100 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Automatic actions must be disabled for picture CDs. Applications should not be configured to launch automatically when a disk is inserted. This potentially circumvents anti-virus software and allows malicious users to craft disks that can exploit user applications. Disabling Automatic Actions for picture C
    SV-73983r2_rule AOSX-10-000105 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Automatic actions must be disabled for video DVDs. Applications should not be configured to launch automatically when a disk is inserted. This potentially circumvents anti-virus software and allows malicious users to craft disks that can exploit user applications. Disabling Automatic Actions for video DVD
    SV-73985r1_rule AOSX-10-000110 CCI-000016 MEDIUM The operating system must automatically remove or disable temporary user accounts after 72 hours. If temporary user accounts remain active when no longer needed or for an excessive period, these accounts may be targeted by attackers to gain unauthorized access. To mitigate this risk, automated termination of all temporary accounts must be set upon acc
    SV-73987r1_rule AOSX-10-000115 CCI-001682 MEDIUM The operating system must be configured such that emergency administrator accounts are never automatically disabled. Emergency administrator accounts are privileged accounts which are established in response to crisis situations where the need for rapid account activation is required. Therefore, emergency account activation may bypass normal account authorization proces
    SV-73989r1_rule AOSX-10-000120 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The operating system must automatically audit account creation. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of re-establishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to create a new account. Auditing of account creation mitigates th
    SV-73991r1_rule AOSX-10-000125 CCI-001403 MEDIUM The operating system must automatically audit account modification. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of re-establishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to create a new account or modify an existing one. Auditing of acc
    SV-73993r1_rule AOSX-10-000130 CCI-001404 MEDIUM The operating system must automatically audit account disabling actions. When operating system accounts are disabled, user accessibility is affected. The system must audit account disablement actions so that administrator users can detect and respond to such events. Such a capability greatly reduces the risk that operating sys
    SV-73995r1_rule AOSX-10-000135 CCI-001405 MEDIUM The operating system must automatically audit account removal actions. When operating system accounts are removed, user accessibility is affected. The system must audit account removal actions so that administrator users can detect and respond to such events. Such a capability greatly reduces the risk that operating system a
    SV-73997r2_rule AOSX-10-000139 CCI-000381 MEDIUM SMB File Sharing must be disabled unless required. File Sharing is usually non-essential and must be disabled if not required. Enabling any service increases the attack surface for an intruder. By disabling unnecessary services, the attack surface is minimized.
    SV-73999r1_rule AOSX-10-000140 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Apple File (AFP) Sharing must be disabled. File Sharing is non-essential and must be disabled. Enabling any service increases the attack surface for an intruder. By disabling unnecessary services, the attack surface is minimized.
    SV-74001r2_rule AOSX-10-000141 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The NFS daemon must be disabled unless required. If the system does not require access to NFS (Network File System) file shares or is not acting as an NFS server, then support for NFS is non-essential and NFS services must be disabled. NFS is a network file system protocol supported by Unix-like operati
    SV-74003r2_rule AOSX-10-000142 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The NFS lock daemon must be disabled unless required. If the system does not require access to NFS (Network File System) file shares or is not acting as an NFS server, then support for NFS is non-essential and NFS services must be disabled. NFS is a network file system protocol supported by Unix-like operati
    SV-74005r2_rule AOSX-10-000143 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The NFS stat daemon must be disabled unless required. If the system does not require access to NFS (Network File System) file shares or is not acting as an NFS server, then support for NFS is non-essential and NFS services must be disabled. NFS is a network file system protocol supported by Unix-like operati
    SV-74007r1_rule AOSX-10-000155 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system firewall must be configured with a default-deny policy. An approved firewall must be installed and enabled to work in concert with the Mac OS X Application Firewall. When configured correctly, firewalls protect computers from network attacks by blocking or limiting access to open network ports.
    SV-74009r1_rule AOSX-10-000170 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records for privileged activities or other system-level access. Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts
    SV-74011r1_rule AOSX-10-000185 CCI-000048 LOW The operating system must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the system via the GUI. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations,
    SV-74013r1_rule AOSX-10-000186 CCI-000048 LOW The SSH banner must contain the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations,
    SV-74015r1_rule AOSX-10-000187 CCI-000048 LOW The operating system must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the system via SSH. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations,
    SV-74017r1_rule AOSX-10-000195 CCI-001384 MEDIUM Any publically accessible connection to the operating system must display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the system. Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations,
    SV-74019r1_rule AOSX-10-000200 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful logon attempts occur. An attacker might attempt to log in as an authorized user, through stolen credentials, unpatched exploits, or brute force attempts to guess a valid username and password. If a user is attempting to log in to a system at an unusual time, or if there are ma
    SV-74021r1_rule AOSX-10-000230 CCI-001464 MEDIUM The operating system must initiate session audits at system startup. If auditing is enabled late in the startup process, the actions of some start-up processes may not be audited. Some audit systems also maintain state information only available if auditing is enabled before a given process is created.
    SV-74023r1_rule AOSX-10-000240 CCI-000169 MEDIUM The operating system must provide audit record generation capability for DoD-defined auditable events for all operating system components. Without the capability to generate audit records, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident, or identify those responsible for one. DoD has defined the list of events for which the operating system w
    SV-74025r1_rule AOSX-10-000245 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records for all account creations, modifications, disabling, and termination events. Account creations and account modifications such as disablement and termination, can all be signs of an intrusion and should be audited. Once an attacker establishes access to a system, the attacker may attempt to create an account to reestablish access a
    SV-74027r1_rule AOSX-10-000295 CCI-001849 MEDIUM The operating system must allocate audit record storage capacity to store at least one weeks worth of audit records, when audit records are not immediately sent to a central audit record storage facility. The audit service must be configured to require that records are kept for 7 days or longer before deletion when there is no central audit record storage facility. When expire-after is set to 7d, the audit service will not delete audit logs until the log d
    SV-74029r1_rule AOSX-10-000305 CCI-001855 MEDIUM The operating system must provide an immediate warning to the SA and ISSO (at a minimum) when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity. The audit service must be configured to require a minimum percentage of free disk space in order to run. This ensures that audit will notify the administrator that action is required to free up more disk space for audit logs. When minfree is set to 25%,
    SV-74031r1_rule AOSX-10-000310 CCI-001858 MEDIUM The operating system must provide an immediate real-time alert to the SA and ISSO, at a minimum, of all audit failure events requiring real-time alerts. The audit service should be configured to immediately print messages to the console or email administrator users when an auditing failure occurs. It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit l
    SV-74033r1_rule AOSX-10-000330 CCI-001891 MEDIUM The operating system must, for networked systems, compare internal information system clocks at least every 24 hours with a server which is synchronized to one of the redundant United States Naval Observatory (USNO) time servers or a time server designated for the appropriate DoD network (NIPRNet/SIPRNet), and/or the Global Positioning System (GPS). Inaccurate time stamps make it more difficult to correlate events and can lead to an inaccurate analysis. Determining the correct time a particular event occurred on a system is critical when conducting forensic analysis and investigating system events. S
    SV-74037r1_rule AOSX-10-000331 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Audit log files must be owned by root. The audit service must be configured to create log files with the correct ownership to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log files are set to only be readable and writable
    SV-74039r1_rule AOSX-10-000333 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Audit log files must be group-owned by wheel. The audit service must be configured to create log files with the correct group-ownership to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log files are set to only be readable and wri
    SV-74041r1_rule AOSX-10-000334 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Audit log folders must be group-owned by wheel. The audit service must be configured to create log files with the correct group-ownership to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log files are set to only be readable and wri
    SV-74043r1_rule AOSX-10-000335 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Audit log files must be mode 440 or less permissive. The audit service must be configured to create log files with the correct permissions to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log files are set to only be readable and writabl
    SV-74045r1_rule AOSX-10-000336 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Audit log folders must have mode 700 or less permissive. The audit service must be configured to create log folders with the correct permissions to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log folders are set to only be readable and wri
    SV-74047r1_rule AOSX-10-000337 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Log files must not contain ACLs. The audit service must be configured to create log files with the correct permissions to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log files are set to only be readable and writabl
    SV-74049r1_rule AOSX-10-000338 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Log folders must not contain ACLs. The audit service must be configured to create log folders with the correct permissions to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log folders are set to only be readable and wri
    SV-74051r1_rule AOSX-10-000430 CCI-001749 HIGH The Security assessment policy subsystem must be enabled. Any changes to the hardware, software, and/or firmware components of the information system and/or application can potentially have significant effects on the overall security of the system. Accordingly, software defined by the organization as critical s
    SV-74053r1_rule AOSX-10-000435 CCI-001499 MEDIUM The operating system must limit privileges to change software resident within software libraries. File permissions should be compared against the default set of permissions that were set at the time of the initial install. Changes to default file permissions can make the system less secure and disrupt the functionality of installed applications. Unles
    SV-74055r1_rule AOSX-10-000455 CCI-000366 MEDIUM A configuration profile must be installed. Configuration settings must be verified by a centrally managed system such as an MDM to ensure that they have not been changed. Configuration settings are the configurable security-related parameters of information technology products that are part of the
    SV-74057r2_rule AOSX-10-000460 CCI-001774 MEDIUM The operating system must employ a deny-all, permit-by-exception policy to allow the execution of authorized software programs. Application Restrictions must be enabled for user accounts and configured to only allow users to execute approved applications. Utilizing a whitelist such as Application Restrictions provides a configuration management method for allowing the execution of
    SV-74059r1_rule AOSX-10-000475 CCI-000381 LOW The application FaceTime must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74061r1_rule AOSX-10-000480 CCI-000381 LOW The application Game Center must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74063r1_rule AOSX-10-000490 CCI-000381 LOW The application Messages must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74065r1_rule AOSX-10-000505 CCI-000381 LOW The application Calendar must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74067r1_rule AOSX-10-000507 CCI-000381 LOW The application Reminders must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74069r1_rule AOSX-10-000510 CCI-000381 LOW The application Contacts must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74071r1_rule AOSX-10-000515 CCI-000381 LOW The application Mail must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74073r1_rule AOSX-10-000332 CCI-000162 MEDIUM Audit log folders must be owned by root. The audit service must be configured to create log files with the correct ownership to prevent normal users from reading audit logs. Audit logs contain sensitive data about the system and about users. If log files are set to only be readable and writable
    SV-74075r1_rule AOSX-10-000520 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The system preference panel iCloud must be removed. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74077r2_rule AOSX-10-000530 CCI-000382 MEDIUM Sending diagnostic and usage data to Apple must be disabled. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74079r1_rule AOSX-10-000531 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Find My Mac must be disabled. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74081r1_rule AOSX-10-000532 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Find My Mac messenger must be disabled. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74083r2_rule AOSX-10-000535 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Location Services must be disabled. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74085r2_rule AOSX-10-000545 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Bonjour multicast advertising must be disabled on the system. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74087r1_rule AOSX-10-000550 CCI-000381 MEDIUM The UUCP service must be disabled. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74089r1_rule AOSX-10-000565 CCI-000770 MEDIUM The operating system must require individuals to be authenticated with an individual authenticator prior to using a group authenticator. Administrator users must never log in directly as root. To assure individual accountability and prevent unauthorized access, logging in as root over a remote connection must be disabled. Administrators should only run commands as root after first authenti
    SV-74093r1_rule AOSX-10-000570 CCI-001941 MEDIUM The operating system must implement replay-resistant authentication mechanisms for network access to privileged accounts. The SSH Version should be explicitly set to Version 2. Version 2 supports strong crypto and was rewritten from scratch to resolve several weaknesses in Version 1 that make it extremely vulnerable to attackers. The weaker crypto in Version 1 is potentially
    SV-74095r1_rule AOSX-10-000575 CCI-001942 MEDIUM The operating system must implement replay-resistant authentication mechanisms for network access to non-privileged accounts. The SSH Version should be explicitly set to Version 2. Version 2 supports strong crypto and was rewritten from scratch to resolve several weaknesses in Version 1 that make it extremely vulnerable to attackers. The weaker crypto in Version 1 is potentially
    SV-74097r2_rule AOSX-10-000585 CCI-000194 MEDIUM Operating systems must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password
    SV-74099r2_rule AOSX-10-000590 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The operating system must enforce a minimum 15-character password length. The minimum password length must be set to 15 characters. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to d
    SV-74101r1_rule AOSX-10-000605 CCI-000197 HIGH The operating system must transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords. The telnet service must be disabled, as it sends all data, including the user's password in a clear text form that can be easily intercepted and read. Passwords need to be protected at all times and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwor
    SV-74103r1_rule AOSX-10-000690 CCI-002890 HIGH Operating systems used for non-local maintenance sessions must implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of non-local maintenance and diagnostic communications. The telnet service must be disabled, as it sends all data, including the user's password, in a clear text form that can be easily intercepted and read. Passwords need to be protected at all times and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwo
    SV-74105r1_rule AOSX-10-000691 CCI-003123 HIGH Operating systems used for non-local maintenance sessions must implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of non-local maintenance and diagnostic communications. The telnet service must be disabled, as it sends all data, including the user's password, in a clear text form that can be easily intercepted and read. Passwords need to be protected at all times and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwo
    SV-74107r1_rule AOSX-10-000695 CCI-000877 HIGH The operating system must employ strong authenticators in the establishment of non-local maintenance and diagnostic sessions. The telnet service must be disabled, as it sends all data, including the user's password, in a clear text form that can be easily intercepted and read. Passwords need to be protected at all times and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwo
    SV-74109r2_rule AOSX-10-000710 CCI-001749 MEDIUM The system must allow only applications downloaded from the App Store to run. Gatekeeper settings must be configured correctly to only allow the system to run applications downloaded from the Mac App Store or applications signed with a valid Apple Developer ID code. Administrator users will still have the option to override these s
    SV-74111r2_rule AOSX-10-000711 CCI-000366 MEDIUM End users must not be able to override Gatekeeper settings. Gatekeeper must be configured with a configuration profile in order to prevent normal users from overriding its setting. If users are allowed to disable Gatekeeper or set it to a less restrictive setting, then it is possible that malware could be introduc
    SV-74113r1_rule AOSX-10-000720 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The SSH daemon ClientAliveInterval option must be set correctly. SSH should be configured to log users out after a 15 minute interval of inactivity and to only wait 30 seconds before timing out login attempts. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized pers
    SV-74115r1_rule AOSX-10-000721 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The SSH daemon ClientAliveCountMax option must be set correctly. SSH should be configured to log users out after a 15 minute interval of inactivity and to only wait 30 seconds before timing out login attempts. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized pers
    SV-74117r1_rule AOSX-10-000722 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The SSH daemon LoginGraceTime must be set correctly. SSH should be configured to log users out after a 15 minute interval of inactivity and to only wait 30 seconds before timing out login attempts. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized pers
    SV-74119r1_rule AOSX-10-000750 CCI-002450 MEDIUM The operating system must issue or obtain public key certificates under an appropriate certificate policy from an approved service provider. DoD-approved certificates must be installed to the System Keychain so that they will be available to all users. For user certificates, each organization attains certificates from an approved, shared service provider, as required by OMB policy. For federa
    SV-74121r1_rule AOSX-10-000780 CCI-001199 MEDIUM The operating system must protect the confidentiality and integrity of all information at rest. FileVault Disk Encryption must be enabled. By encrypting the system hard drive, the confidentiality and integrity of any data stored on the system is ensured. Information at rest refers to the state of information when it is located on a secondary storag
    SV-74123r1_rule AOSX-10-000785 CCI-002475 MEDIUM The operating system must implement cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized modification of all information at rest on organization-defined information system components. FileVault Disk Encryption must be enabled. This ensures that any data stored on the hard drive will be protected by cryptographic means when the system is powered off, mitigating the risk of unauthorized modification of that data. Selection of a cryptogr
    SV-74125r1_rule AOSX-10-000786 CCI-002476 MEDIUM The operating system must implement cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized disclosure of all information at rest on organization-defined information system components. FileVault Disk Encryption must be enabled. This ensures that any data stored on the hard drive will be protected by cryptographic means when the system is powered off, mitigating the risk of unauthorized disclosure of that data. Selection of a cryptograp
    SV-74127r1_rule AOSX-10-000835 CCI-001233 MEDIUM The operating system must employ automated mechanisms to determine the state of system components with regard to flaw remediation using the following frequency: continuously, where HBSS is used; 30 days, for any additional internal network scans not covered by HBSS; and annually, for external scans by Computer Network Defense Service Provider (CNDSP). An approved tool for continuous network scanning must be installed and configured to run. Without the use of automated mechanisms to scan for security flaws on a continuous and/or periodic basis, the operating system or other system components may remain
    SV-74129r2_rule AOSX-10-000850 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The operating system must restrict the ability of individuals to use USB storage devices. External hard drives, such as USB, must be disabled for users. USB hard drives are a potential vector for malware and can be used to exfiltrate sensitive data, if an approved data-loss prevention (DLP) solution is not installed.
    SV-74131r2_rule AOSX-10-000862 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The usbmuxd daemon must be disabled. Connections to unauthorized iOS devices (iPhones, iPods, and iPads) open the system to possible compromise via exfiltration of system data. Disabling the usbmuxd daemon blocks connections to iOS devices.
    SV-74133r2_rule AOSX-10-000925 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The operating system must not allow an unattended or automatic logon to the system. When automatic logins are enabled, the default user account is automatically logged in at boot time without prompting the user for a password. Even if the screen is later locked, a malicious user would be able to reboot the computer in order to log in. Di
    SV-74135r2_rule AOSX-10-000930 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The login window must be configured to prompt for username and password, rather than show a list of users. The login window must be configured to prompt all users for both a username and a password. By default, the system displays a list of known users at the login screen. This gives an advantage to an attacker with physical access to the system, as the attack
    SV-74137r1_rule AOSX-10-000950 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The OS X firewall must have logging enabled. Firewall logging must be enabled. This ensures that malicious network activity will be logged to the system.
    SV-74139r1_rule AOSX-10-000955 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Bluetooth devices must not be allowed to wake the computer. Bluetooth devices must not be allowed to wake the computer. If Bluetooth is not required, turn it off. If Bluetooth is necessary, disable allowing Bluetooth devices to wake the computer.
    SV-74141r1_rule AOSX-10-000965 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Bluetooth Sharing must be disabled. Bluetooth sharing allows users to wirelessly transmit files between Mac OS X and Bluetooth-enabled devices, including personally owned cell phones and tablets. A malicious user might introduce viruses or malware onto the system or extract sensitive files.
    SV-74143r1_rule AOSX-10-000975 CCI-000382 MEDIUM Remote Apple Events must be disabled. It is detrimental for operating systems to provide, or install by default, functionality exceeding requirements or mission objectives. These unnecessary capabilities or services are often overlooked and therefore may remain unsecured. They increase the ri
    SV-74145r1_rule AOSX-10-000995 CCI-000366 HIGH The sudoers file must be configured to authenticate users on a per-tty basis. The sudo command must be configured to prompt for the administrator user's password at least once in each newly opened Terminal window or remote login session, as this prevents a malicious user from taking advantage of an unlocked computer or an abandoned
    SV-74147r1_rule AOSX-10-001015 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The default global umask setting must be changed for user applications. The default global umask setting must be set to '022' for user applications. The setting '022' ensures that user created files and directories will be readable, but not writable, by users that share the same group id. Users with a different group id will
    SV-74149r1_rule AOSX-10-001020 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The default global umask setting must be changed for system processes. The default global umask setting must be set to '022' for system processes. The setting '022' ensures that system process created files and directories will only be readable by other users and processes, not writable. This mitigates the risk that unauthor
    SV-74151r1_rule AOSX-10-001065 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The root account must be the only account having a UID of 0. The built-in root account is disabled by default and administrator users are required to use sudo to run a process with the UID '0'. If another account with UID '0' exists, this is a sign of a network intrusion or a malicious user that is attempting to ci
    SV-74153r2_rule AOSX-10-001075 CCI-000366 LOW Finder must be set to always empty Trash securely. Finder must be configured to always empty Trash securely in order to prevent data recovery tools from accessing the deleted files. Files emptied from the Trash by normal means are still present on the hard drive and can be recovered up until the moment th
    SV-74155r1_rule AOSX-10-001080 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The application firewall must be enabled. The Application Firewall is the built-in firewall that comes with Mac OS X and must be enabled. Firewalls protect computers from network attacks by blocking or limiting access to open network ports. Application firewalls limit which applications are allow
    SV-74157r1_rule AOSX-10-001110 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All public directories must be owned by root or an application account. All public directories must be owned by root, the local admin user, or an application account. Directory owners have permission to delete any files contained in that directory, even if the files are owned by other user accounts. By setting the owner to an
    SV-74159r1_rule AOSX-10-001115 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The finger service must be disabled. The finger service has had several security vulnerabilities in the past and is not a necessary service. It is disabled by default; enabling it would increase the attack surface of the system.
    SV-74161r1_rule AOSX-10-001120 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The sticky bit must be set on all public directories. The sticky bit must be set on all public directories, as it prevents users with write access to the directory from deleting or renaming files that belong to other users inside it.
    SV-74163r1_rule AOSX-10-001125 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The prompt for Apple ID and iCloud must be disabled. The prompt for Apple ID and iCloud must be disabled, as it might mislead new users into creating unwanted Apple IDs and iCloud storage accounts upon their first log on.
    SV-74165r1_rule AOSX-10-001130 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Users must not have Apple IDs signed into iCloud. Users should not sign into iCloud, as this leads to the possibility that sensitive data could be saved to iCloud storage or that users could inadvertently introduce viruses or malware previously saved to iCloud from other systems.
    SV-74167r2_rule AOSX-10-001140 CCI-000366 LOW iTunes Music Sharing must be disabled. When iTunes Music Sharing is enabled, the computer starts a network listening service that shares the contents of the user's music collection with other users in the same subnet. Unnecessary network services should always be disabled because they increase
    SV-74169r1_rule AOSX-10-001145 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All setuid executables on the system must be vendor-supplied. Very few of the executables that come preinstalled on Mac OS X have the setuid bit set, and administrators should never add the setuid bit to any executable that does not already have it set by the vendor. Executables with the setuid bit set allow anyone
    SV-74171r1_rule AOSX-10-001195 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not accept source-routed IPv4 packets. A source-routed packet attempts to specify the network path the packet should take. If the system is not configured to block the incoming source-routed packets, an attacker can redirect the system's network traffic. Configuring the system to drop incoming
    SV-74173r1_rule AOSX-10-001200 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must ignore IPv4 ICMP redirect messages. ICMP redirects are broadcast in order to reshape network traffic. A malicious user could craft fake redirect packets and try to force all network traffic to pass through a network sniffer. If the system is not configured to ignore these packets, it could
    SV-74175r1_rule AOSX-10-001205 CCI-000366 MEDIUM IP forwarding for IPv4 must not be enabled. IP forwarding for IPv4 must not be enabled, as only authorized systems should be permitted to operate as routers.
    SV-74177r1_rule AOSX-10-001206 CCI-000366 MEDIUM IP forwarding for IPv6 must not be enabled. IP forwarding for IPv6 must not be enabled, as only authorized systems should be permitted to operate as routers.
    SV-74179r1_rule AOSX-10-001210 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not send IPv4 ICMP redirects by default. ICMP redirects are broadcast in order to reshape network traffic. A malicious user could use the system to send fake redirect packets and try to force all network traffic to pass through a network sniffer. Disabling ICMP redirect broadcasts mitigates this
    SV-74181r1_rule AOSX-10-001211 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not send IPv6 ICMP redirects by default. ICMP redirects are broadcast in order to reshape network traffic. A malicious user could use the system to send fake redirect packets and try to force all network traffic to pass through a network sniffer. Disabling ICMP redirect broadcasts mitigates this
    SV-74183r1_rule AOSX-10-001215 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must prevent local applications from generating source-routed packets. A source-routed packet attempts to specify the network path that the system should take. If the system is not configured to block the sending of source-routed packets, an attacker can redirect the system's network traffic.
    SV-74185r1_rule AOSX-10-001220 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must not process Internet Control Message Protocol [ICMP] timestamp requests. ICMP Timestamp requests reveal information about the system and can be used to determine which operating system is installed. Precise time data can also be used to launch time based attacks against the system. Configuring the system to drop incoming ICMPv
    SV-74187r1_rule AOSX-10-001235 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Unused network devices must be disabled. If an unused network device is left enabled, a user might be able to activate it at a later time. Unused network devices should be disabled.
    SV-74189r1_rule AOSX-10-001240 CCI-000366 MEDIUM System Preferences must be securely configured so IPv6 is turned off if not being used. Security appliances and firewalls are not always IPv6 aware, meaning that IPv6 traffic is frequently unfiltered and unprotected. If it is not in use, it should be disabled.
    SV-74191r1_rule AOSX-10-001260 CCI-000366 MEDIUM Secure virtual memory must be used. Secure virtual memory must be enabled. Secure virtual memory ensures that data in memory is encrypted when it is swapped to disk. This prevents users and applications from accessing potentially sensitive information, such as user names and passwords, from
    SV-74193r1_rule AOSX-10-001270 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Internet Sharing must be disabled. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74195r2_rule AOSX-10-001325 CCI-000044 MEDIUM The operating system must enforce account lockout after the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15 minute time period. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
    SV-74197r2_rule AOSX-10-001326 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The operating system must automatically lock the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded. By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account. Setting a lockout expiration of 15 minutes is an e
    SV-74199r1_rule AOSX-10-001355 CCI-000140 MEDIUM The operating system must shut down by default upon audit failure (unless availability is an overriding concern). The audit service should shut down the computer if it is unable to audit system events. Once audit failure occurs, user and system activity is no longer recorded and malicious activity could go undetected. Audit processing failures include: software/hardw
    SV-74215r1_rule AOSX-10-001465 CCI-000366 HIGH The operating system must employ automated mechanisms to detect the presence of unauthorized software on organizational information systems and notify designated organizational officials in accordance with the organization-defined frequency. An approved anti-virus product must be installed and configured to run. Malicious software can establish a base on individual desktops and servers. Employing an automated mechanism to detect this type of software will aid in elimination of the software
    SV-74217r2_rule AOSX-10-002050 CCI-000381 LOW AirDrop must be disabled. In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable or restrict unused or unnecessary physical and logical po
    SV-74219r1_rule AOSX-10-002055 CCI-000366 MEDIUM All users must use PKI authentication for login and privileged access. Password-based authentication has become a prime target for malicious actors. Multifactor authentication using PKI technologies mitigates most, if not all, risks associated with traditional password use. (Use of username and password for last-resort emerg
    SV-74221r1_rule AOSX-10-002060 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The system must be integrated into a directory services infrastructure. Distinct user account databases on each separate system cause problems with username and password policy enforcement. Most approved directory services infrastructure solutions, such as Active Directory, allow centralized management of users and passwords.
    SV-74223r1_rule AOSX-10-002065 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records for all kernel module load, unload, and restart actions, and also for all program initiations. Kernel modules, called kernel extensions in Mac OS X, are compiled segments of code that are dynamically loaded into the kernel as required to support specific pieces of hardware or functionality. Privileged users are permitted to load or unload kernel ex
    SV-74225r1_rule AOSX-10-002070 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to modify security objects occur. The permissions on a file establish which users are permitted to access or modify it. An attacker may attempt to change the permissions on a file to prevent legitimate users from accessing it or to grant additional access to an account the attacker contro
    SV-74227r1_rule AOSX-10-002075 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to modify security levels occur. The permissions on a file establish which users are permitted to access or modify it. An attacker may attempt to change the permissions on a file to prevent legitimate users from accessing it or to grant additional access to an account the attacker contro
    SV-74229r1_rule AOSX-10-002080 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to modify categories of information (e.g., classification levels) occur. The permissions on a file establish which users are permitted to access or modify it. An attacker may attempt to change the permissions on a file to prevent legitimate users from accessing it or to grant additional access to an account the attacker contro
    SV-74231r2_rule AOSX-10-002085 CCI-000199 MEDIUM Operating systems must enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. One method of minimizing this risk is to use complex passwords and periodically change them. If the operating system does not limit the
    SV-74233r2_rule AOSX-10-002090 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The operating system must prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. If the information system or application allows the user to consecutively reuse their password when that password
    SV-74235r1_rule AOSX-10-002095 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to delete privileges occur. The permissions on a file establish which users and groups are permitted to access or modify it. An attacker may attempt to change the permissions on a file to prevent legitimate users from accessing it or to grant additional access to an account the atta
    SV-74237r1_rule AOSX-10-002100 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to access privileges occur. Frequently, an attacker that successfully gains access to a system has only gained access to an account with limited privileges, such as a guest account or a service account. The attacker must attempt to change to another user account with normal or eleva
    SV-74239r1_rule AOSX-10-002105 CCI-001314 MEDIUM System log files must be owned by root and group-owned by wheel or admin. System logs should only be readable by root or admin users. System logs frequently contain sensitive information that could be used by an attacker. Setting the correct owner mitigates this risk.
    SV-74241r1_rule AOSX-10-002106 CCI-001314 MEDIUM System log files must be mode 640 or less permissive. System logs should only be readable by root or admin users. System logs frequently contain sensitive information that could be used by an attacker. Setting the correct permissions mitigates this risk.
    SV-74243r1_rule AOSX-10-002107 CCI-001314 MEDIUM ACLs for system log files must be set correctly. System logs should only be readable by root or admin users. System logs frequently contain sensitive information that could be used by an attacker. Setting the correct ACLs mitigates this risk.
    SV-74245r1_rule AOSX-10-002110 CCI-001814 MEDIUM The operating system must audit the enforcement actions used to restrict access associated with changes to the system. By auditing access restriction enforcement, changes to application and OS configuration files can be audited. Without auditing the enforcement of access restrictions, it will be difficult to identify attempted attacks and an audit trail will not be availa
    SV-74247r1_rule AOSX-10-002115 CCI-002884 MEDIUM Operating systems sessions must audit non-local maintenance and diagnostic sessions organization-defined audit events. If events associated with non-local administrative access or diagnostic sessions are not logged, a major tool for assessing and investigating attacks would not be available. This requirement addresses auditing-related issues associated with maintenance t
    SV-74249r1_rule AOSX-10-002120 CCI-002234 MEDIUM The operating system must audit the execution of privileged functions. Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts
    SV-74251r1_rule AOSX-10-002125 CCI-000172 MEDIUM The operating system must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to modify privileges occur. Frequently, an attacker that successfully gains access to a system has only gained access to an account with limited privileges, such as a guest account or a service account. The attacker must attempt to change to another user account with normal or eleva
    SV-74253r2_rule AOSX-10-001324 CCI-002238 MEDIUM The operating system must enforce an account lockout time period of 15 minutes in which three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user are made. Setting a lockout time period of 15 minutes is an effective deterrent against brute forcing that also makes allowances for legitimate mistakes by users. When three invalid logon attempts are made, the account will be locked.
    SV-74255r1_rule AOSX-10-001275 CCI-000381 MEDIUM Web Sharing must be disabled. Web Sharing is non-essential and must be disabled. Enabling any service increases the attack surface for an intruder. By disabling unnecessary services, the attack surface is minimized.
    SV-74819r2_rule AOSX-10-000005 CCI-000060 LOW The operating system must conceal, via the session lock, information previously visible on the display with a publicly viewable image. A default screensaver must be configured for all users, as the screensaver will act as a session time-out lock for the system and must be one that conceals the contents of the screen from unauthorized users. The screensaver must not display any sensitive