Akamai KSD Service Impact Level 2 NDM Security Technical Implementation Guide

U_Akamai_KSD_Service_IL2_NDM_STIG_V1R1_Manual-xccdf.xml

Version/Release Published Filters Downloads Update
V1R1 2017-09-15      
Update existing CKLs to this version of the STIG
This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: [email protected]
Vuln Rule Version CCI Severity Title Description
SV-91153r1_rule AKSD-DM-000005 CCI-000052 MEDIUM Upon successful login, the Akamai Luna Portal must notify the administrator of the date and time of the last login. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful login allows them to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of login, including but not limited to SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity.
SV-91155r1_rule AKSD-DM-000006 CCI-000366 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must notify the administrator of the number of successful login attempts. Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful login allows the administrator to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of login, including but not limited to SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity. The organization-defined time period is dependent on the frequency with which administrators typically log in to the network device.
SV-91157r1_rule AKSD-DM-000007 CCI-000057 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must initiate a session logoff after a 15-minute period of inactivity. A session lock is a temporary network device or administrator-initiated action taken when the administrator stops work but does not log out of the network device. Rather than relying on the user to manually lock their management session prior to vacating the vicinity, network devices need to be able to identify when a management session has idled and take action to initiate the session lock. Once invoked, the session lock must remain in place until the administrator reauthenticates. No other system activity aside from reauthentication must unlock the management session. When the network device is remotely administered, a session logoff may be the only practical option in lieu of a session lock. For a web portal, a session logoff must be invoked when idle time is exceeded for an administrator. Note that CCI-001133 requires that administrative network sessions be disconnected after 10 minutes of idle time.
SV-91159r1_rule AKSD-DM-000008 CCI-000018 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must automatically audit account creation. Upon gaining access to a network device, an attacker will often first attempt to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is to create a new account. Notification of account creation helps to mitigate this risk. Auditing account creation provides the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. Without this audit trail, personnel without the proper authorization may gain access to critical network nodes.
SV-91161r1_rule AKSD-DM-000009 CCI-001403 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must automatically audit account modification. Since the accounts in the network device are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the network device. Account management by a designated authority ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel with the appropriate and necessary privileges. Auditing account modification along with an automatic notification to appropriate individuals will provide the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. If modifications to management accounts are not audited, reconciliation of account management procedures cannot be tracked.
SV-91163r1_rule AKSD-DM-000011 CCI-001405 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must automatically audit account removal actions. Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account removal actions will support account management procedures. When device management accounts are terminated, user or service accessibility may be affected. Auditing also ensures authorized active accounts remain enabled and available for use when required.
SV-91165r1_rule AKSD-DM-000012 CCI-001683 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the SAs and ISSO when accounts are created. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply create a new account. Notification of account creation is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the creation of accounts and notifies the SAs and ISSO. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously created and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.
SV-91167r1_rule AKSD-DM-000013 CCI-001684 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the SAs and ISSO when accounts are modified. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply modify an existing account. Notification of account modification is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the modification of device administrator accounts and notifies the SAs and ISSO. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously modified and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes. The network device must generate the alert. Notification may be done by a management server.
SV-91169r1_rule AKSD-DM-000015 CCI-001686 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must generate alerts that can be forwarded to the SAs and ISSO when accounts are removed. When application accounts are removed, administrator accessibility is affected. Accounts are used for identifying individual device administrators or for identifying the device processes themselves. In order to detect and respond to events that affect administrator accessibility and device processing, devices must audit account removal actions and, as required, notify the appropriate individuals so they can investigate the event. Such a capability greatly reduces the risk that device accessibility will be negatively affected for extended periods of time and also provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.
SV-91171r1_rule AKSD-DM-000016 CCI-002130 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must automatically audit account enabling actions. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account enabling is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the creation of application user accounts and notifies administrators and ISSOs. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously created and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.
SV-91173r1_rule AKSD-DM-000017 CCI-002132 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must notify the SAs and ISSO when accounts are created, or enabled when previously disabled. Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account enabling is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail which documents the creation of application user accounts and notifies the SAs and ISSO. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously enabled and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes. In order to detect and respond to events that affect network administrator accessibility and device processing, network devices must audit account enabling actions and, as required, notify the appropriate individuals so they can investigate the event.
SV-91175r1_rule AKSD-DM-000018 CCI-002234 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must audit the execution of privileged functions. Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse and identify the risk from insider threats and the advanced persistent threat.
SV-91177r1_rule AKSD-DM-000020 CCI-000169 LOW The Akamai Luna Portal must provide audit record generation capability for DoD-defined auditable events within the network device. Without the capability to generate audit records, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the network device (e.g., process, module). Certain specific device functionalities may be audited as well. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. This set of events is typically a subset of the list of all events for which the system is capable of generating audit records. DoD has defined the list of events for which the device will provide an audit record generation capability as the following: (i) Successful and unsuccessful attempts to access, modify, or delete privileges, security objects, security levels, or categories of information (e.g., classification levels); (ii) Access actions, such as successful and unsuccessful login attempts, privileged activities or other system-level access, starting and ending time for user access to the system, concurrent logins from different workstations, successful and unsuccessful accesses to objects, all program initiations, and all direct access to the information system; and (iii) All account creation, modification, disabling, and termination actions.
SV-91179r1_rule AKSD-DM-000022 CCI-000172 LOW The Akamai Luna Portal must generate audit records when successful/unsuccessful attempts to access privileges occur. Without generating audit records that are specific to the security and mission needs of the organization, it would be difficult to establish, correlate, and investigate the events relating to an incident or identify those responsible for one. Audit records can be generated from various components within the information system (e.g., module or policy filter).
SV-91181r1_rule AKSD-DM-000028 CCI-000205 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must enforce a minimum 15-character password length. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. The shorter the password, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.
SV-91183r1_rule AKSD-DM-000029 CCI-000192 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the Akamai Luna Portal must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password is, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-91185r1_rule AKSD-DM-000030 CCI-000193 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the Akamai Luna Portal must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-91187r1_rule AKSD-DM-000031 CCI-000194 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the Akamai Luna Portal must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-91189r1_rule AKSD-DM-000032 CCI-001619 MEDIUM If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the Akamai Luna Portal must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used. Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
SV-91191r1_rule AKSD-DM-000035 CCI-000199 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction. Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed at specific intervals. One method of minimizing this risk is to use complex passwords and periodically change them. If the network device does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the passwords could be compromised. This requirement does not include emergency administration accounts, which are meant for access to the network device in case of failure. These accounts are not required to have maximum password lifetime restrictions.
SV-91193r1_rule AKSD-DM-000036 CCI-000200 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. To meet password policy requirements, passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals. If the network device allows the user to consecutively reuse their password when that password has exceeded its defined lifetime, the end result is a password that is not changed as per policy requirements.
SV-91195r1_rule AKSD-DM-000038 CCI-001133 MEDIUM The Akamai Luna Portal must terminate all network connections associated with a device management session at the end of the session, or the session must be terminated after 15 minutes of inactivity except to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements. Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminating an idle session will also free up resources committed by the managed network element. Terminating network connections associated with communications sessions includes, for example, de-allocating associated TCP/IP address/port pairs at the operating system level, or de-allocating networking assignments at the application level if multiple application sessions are using a single, operating system-level network connection. This does not mean that the device terminates all sessions or network access; it only ends the inactive session and releases the resources associated with that session.
SV-91197r1_rule AKSD-DM-000117 CCI-000366 HIGH The Akamai Luna Portal must employ Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) to automate central management of administrators. The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without centralized management is not scalable or feasible. Without centralized management, it is likely that credentials for some network devices will be forgotten, leading to delays in administration, which itself leads to delays in remediating production problems and in addressing compromises in a timely fashion.
SV-91199r1_rule AKSD-DM-000118 CCI-000366 HIGH The Akamai Luna Portal must employ Single Sign On (SSO) with Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) integration to verify authentication settings. The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without centralized management is not scalable or feasible. Without centralized management, it is likely that credentials for some network devices will be forgotten, leading to delays in administration, which itself leads to delays in remediating production problems and in addressing compromises in a timely fashion.